Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 51-66 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 54
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Phil Spencer says
yeah you are letting me know all you have believed
many of them in common Dini, whoever Have you should revert from his religion,
your data from law that
what is to send something back, it is to fall back to retreat. And that is to apostate.
It is to turn back from Islam to
to leave Islam and go to what took of
that a person was in a state of ignorance a person was uncovered. He was in Florida. He learned about Islam, he accepted Islam or he became a Muslim.
And then he does read the meaning he leaves Islam.
What about a person who is a born Muslim?
When he leaves Islam is accurate as well. Of course it is. Of course it is.
So, red is basically when a person leaves Islam
and he goes to cover he adopts Cofer, whether it is some other religion or it is no religion.
This is what that is.
basically a person performs if did that, by even leaving one pillar of Islam.
Meaning if a person leaves even one pillar of Islam, then his Islam has finished. Just like a building. It stands on its biters.
Even if one foundation even if one pillar is removed and the entire building can collapse, it will deteriorate
which is why we learned that it's time we're gonna learn who when they were people who refuse to give the cat he waged war against them.
And the difference between Islam and Cofer is what
their casilla leaving the center abandoning the service every person abandons or Salah, even that is what not fulfilling all of the conditions of Islam
so one pillar is gone. So did that is you know when a person leaves Islam openly blatant very clearly he says I'm not a Muslim anymore.
And read the also includes and a person denies when he refuses to follow one of the pillars of Islam.
Because those people are the type of worker of the learn who did not give Zakat they were still praying the Salah
they were so caring to be Muslim.
But because they refuse they denied one pillar of Islam they were considered as those who are not Muslim anymore.
So over here Allah soprano God is setting us that Yeah, you are Latina Amano, many of them in command, Dini, any of you, who turns away from his religion,
any one of you who turns away from his religion,
for sulfur, then soon, yes, tiller will be comin. Then Allah will bring about a people.
Meaning Allah will replace you by another people. You think that if you leave Islam,
if you leave the religion of Allah, Allah needs, you know, Allah doesn't need you he is running.
He is not dependent on you, in no way whatsoever. He's completely independent.
So if you turn away, if you leave, a va will bring about another people.
You know, just as for example, if a person is working at a particular place,
and he says I quit,
I'm going to leave.
So he leaves, but that job that he was doing, now somebody else comes in his place.
They're not dependent on that person anymore.
They don't need him and he thinks, oh, they're so dependent on me. If I leave their business, when I collapse, and it doesn't collapse, he's only bringing harm to himself by losing a big salary.
And this is just a denier.
So if a person leaves the dean, he's not causing any loss to the dean. Because Allah says, then soon Allah will bring about a people in your place. Instead of you.
You will leave somebody else will come.
For Sophia delay will be coming.
Like a loss of parent artisans, who the father is 16 and 17.
In a shirt you can wear to be helping God.
When Metallica Allah, He prcs if he wills he can do away with you and bring forth a new creation. And that for Allah is not difficult at all.
So you think you're leaving Islam is a big deal. It's not a big deal at all.
And who is going to bring in your place someone who is more qualified than you, someone who is much better than you how
Much better than you
that this own these people, first of all you have boom. Allah loves them.
Allah loves them. Allah likes them.
And it's not just that Elon likes them, but when you hit buena, who and they also love him
to the first characteristic of these people who are lost parents that is going to bring in your place if you leave your religion is that Allah will love them and they will love Allah.
Like we say about the Sahaba of the Allahu Rn home, what else do I know?
Now, a lot loves them. This is clear that Allah loves them, because of the actions that they do. He rewards them he helps them he assess them.
But what does it mean by you hipbone who they love of? What does it mean by loving Allah.
Loving Allah means, obeying Him,
obeying Allah subhanaw taala in every matter,
in every matter.
We all claim to love Allah.
But we should check ourselves.
That when it comes to being a must penalty when it comes to observing the ultimate, the commands and staying away from the new way,
what do I do?
If I claim to love Allah,
then do I follow the commands of Allah? Do I obey Allah in every matter?
And secondly, loving Allah means that a person is sincere.
Meaning he does everything for the sake of a loss of penalty not only
the person who loves Allah is faithful to Allah and he will not leave the deen of Allah at any cost.
He will not compromise the deen for some worldly benefit for some worldly gain.
Like intellect Mohammed ii 38 of us parotitis says we're into the window. He established tomonaga eurocon. So Malaya qu m sila COMM And if you turn away, he will replace you with another people then they will not be the likes of you. Why?
Because they obey Allah. They are sincere to Allah, they have a class. And Allah subhanaw taala also loves them.
Another characteristic of these people is what that availability, meaning they are humble upon the believers towards the believers.
And then left is from the root letters then lamb lamb, and it's the plural of the lean
than that lambda.
And the word the need or then that is used in two ways. First one it is used for someone who is very weak,
Someone who is very weak, someone who's very lowly. And another way of looking at it is a person who is very gentle, a person who is very humble, very soft, very submissive.
So I will let him What does he mean by are they not meaning they're very humble and soft and gentle, compassionate, lenient, sympathetic towards EU towards the believers.
meaning they're polite towards the believers. They're not harsh or stern.
They demonstrate good character. They don't demonstrate harsh or bad character. When it comes to dealing with the believers, or the Latina Mini, humble towards the believers,
there is a thing and they are Stern, against to against the disbelievers, the word or is is a poor enough disease and who has disease one who is mighty,
one who is stirring
and the word Aziz is also used for one who is honorable.
So over here, it means there is nothing okay for the meaning there are severe and stern meaning that demonstrates strength when it comes to dealing with the disbelievers. They are confident when it comes to dealing with the disbelievers.
It doesn't mean they're harsh and rude. It doesn't mean they demonstrate that of luck. But what does it mean?
That there are confident there are strong when it comes to dealing with the disbelievers. Because many times what happens if you don't have somebody is going to disagree with you. Right? Yes, yes, yes, Everything you say is right.
We agree with them, even in our hearts, if we disagree with them,
or just because of their fear. We will not do what we're supposed to do.
But there is a is that a person demonstrates strength, he is confident. He is a man of principle. He does not compromise because of their fear. He does not give in
There is a general cavity
in certain fats higher 29 we learn more hamato rasulillah when Latina Mara who should de aurland kafele Mohammed
Mohammed Salah Salim is a messenger of Allah, and those who are with him, are severe against the disbelievers and merciful amongst themselves. What does it mean by that?
Again, that they're confident when it comes to dealing with the disbelievers. Not that they're rude. They're harsh, but what does it mean? confident, firm?
You know, for example,
some people think that if you want to make the other person listen to you, you have to be very rude.
Everything they say you have to shout at them, you have to cut their speech. And this is how you keep them in control.
Okay, you may be able to keep the other person in your control to this behavior. But in reality, they don't respect you. But if you are firm with someone, you are serious with someone, you're not insulting them, but you're actually demanding respect for them indirectly,
in the way that you behave with them, automatically, they will respect you, they will listen to you. Like for example, when it comes to dealing with some children, some parents, they will shouted them listen to me, and the children will not listen.
And some parents in a very serious way.
Please do what I've asked you to do. In a very serious stone with a straight face. What happens? The children, they're like, yes, we will do it. And they will willingly do what they're supposed to do.
So this is what are is is that a person demonstrates strength, he is confident he's not rude, but he is confident
or is it an old guy feeling? They're mighty, they're strong. against the disbelievers. They demonstrate strength
uj doing a feasibility
and the strive in the way of a loss of penalty. They do whatever they can to the maximum of their abilities. Why in order to please a loss of honor to serve the deen of Allah, the sacrifice their time they put in their efforts, they put in their energies they strive to their utmost why
FISA be the law to learn the meaning of a law to spread the deen of Allah
uj hidden a FISA beaten
when a buffoon and they do not fear low metalla
the blame the criticism, the objection of one who criticizes
laya Hakuna Loma de la
Loma is from their own factories lamb well me and the word lair is also from the same roof letters.
Loma is blamed criticism and let him is one who blames one who criticizes
critique. So, no matter let him is the criticism of a critique the objection of a person who is making objections
what is Loma
Loma is basically to criticize something on finding it unsatisfied
on finding it unpleasing bad.
Like you know how there are different types of critiques for different things.
For example, if there's a food critic, they will go to different places eat people's food and they will criticize your food.
If food is good, however, this this and this, this is very unpleasant, this is not satisfactory, this is too salty or this is too runny or this is do this and this is do that this is what criticism meaning you are criticizing something that you find unsatisfactory.
Now, Loma can be positive, it can also be negative.
Some criticism, if you hear it, if you learn about it, it helps you because you can fix your problem. You can improve yourself and you can move on.
But negative criticism is criticism for the sake of criticism.
That's your critic criticizing someone just because you dislike them just because you have to find some fault.
So over here less apparent are they saying they Hakuna Loma de la him over here? This is negative criticism, obviously. So a person who is criticizing them, they don't fear their criticism. They don't fear that if I do this are going to criticize me. Therefore I'm not going to do what I'm supposed to do. Obviously this is what concerning the dean
Concerning observing the religion of Allah subhanaw taala following the commands of Allah,
like, for example, a person has to pray Salah.
Now he's going to go persona, but he fears that if I pray, somebody might say something negative to me, someone might pass a negative comment. Similarly, someone thinks that they're not going to do a particular thing or they're going to start doing a particular thing, for instance, wearing their hijab or something like that. But they fear that if I do it, people are going to criticize me. What does Allah say? Lay a homophone lol with Allah in the fear of criticism does not stop them from doing what they're supposed to do. They're fearless. They're brave. They're confident when it comes to observing the deen. So because of the fear of criticism, they don't stop.
There. nikka Fogg Lula that is a father of a lot, what is the father of Allah.
These qualities are mentioned over here.
Having these qualities, first of all, loving Allah. Secondly, loving the people of Allah. Thirdly, being firm, being confident, fourthly, struggling in the way of Allah. And fifth, rising up above the criticism of people.
So, all of these qualities, Allah says, this is a form of Allah eudaemonia Shah, he gives it to whomsoever He wills, and Allah knows who deserves to have these qualities. Because his mushiya is based on his wisdom will love Alessia and earn him and Allah is vast, and he's also annoying. He's vast in all of his attributes.
And he's also early meaning he knows as to who deserves these qualities.
When you do jihad, Visa vidyalaya you don't have peace of mind feasibility law, then automatically what happens? You get the loan, you get the loan of people. And because of this fear, sometimes you think maybe I shouldn't do this. Maybe I should stop maybe I should slow down maybe I should compromise later, Hakuna Matata, and they don't fear the criticism of people.
So what do we learn from the side?
First of all, we learn about the indication that there will be some people who will become Muslim,
but they will not remain Muslim.
The indication that there will be some people who will become Muslim but they will not remain Muslim.
So when you see something like that, that there was a person who was Muslim before and now he's not a Muslim anymore. Don't doubt your deen
Don't doubt your deen Allah subhanaw taala settings from before this is going to happen. Many of them in command Dini, what does it show that this is going to happen.
So in that case, don't begin to doubt your religion, but rather know that there is a problem with these people.
Secondly, we learn from this ayah that Allah subhanaw taala is learning
from his from his slaves that if they turn away, he can bring about another people in their place.
He doesn't need them anymore. He can bring about another people in their place.
We also learn from the side with the Quadro of Allah, the power of Allah, the might of Allah, that he can replace nations with those who are better than them.
He can replace individuals and people with those who are better than them. We think that if we leave, the dean is going to suffer.
The reality is that if we leave, we are going to suffer, the dean is not going to suffer a loss the penalty is so cloudy, he can bring about another people in your place, another column in your place, who are much better than you. So what does it show the color of Allah subhanaw taala uncertainness ii 133 we learn English at ubicomp Are you a nice way to be a hurry? What kind of love Allah Delica or de la.
If he wills he can do away with you or people and bring others in your place And ever is a lot competent to do that. He has the authority to do that. So this shows a quarter of a loss.
Then we also learn from this is that our relation with a loss of personal data should be that of love.
Because as I mentioned over here, you hit boom, when you hit boon.
He loves them, and they love him.
So we should have love for our last penalty in our hearts. Many times when it comes to obeying someone respecting someone we don't have love. It's love that is missing. And if we have love, then obeying them, respecting them becomes very easy. becomes very easy, because love is a big driving force. It's a very powerful driving force. At the same time, it's also a restraining force.
It drives you and at the same time it also stops you
Because of the love of someone, you will not do something because it might offend them. So, our relation with Allah subhanaw taala should be that of love. And the love that a person has for a loss penetrative is different from any other kind of love, it is different from any other kind of love. And nobody can know about Islam
unless and until he experiences
so, in order to know what type of love this is, a person has to experience this.
that when Latina amanu had to have been in those people who believe they are intense in their love for a loss.
Then we also learn from the side that a loss of power praises those people who are gentle and humble towards believers.
So in this is an encouragement for us, that we should be gentle and soft and sympathetic and polite towards believers.
The prophets that a lot of times said this or this that is recorded and we said that hooded women are the Natty Kundu hyenas in the Union settlin or even a nurse that held on up on the fire, how long upon the fire and according to another narration, that fire is hot on upon him, he is hot on upon the fire and fire is hot on upon Him who every humble, soft, easy and close of the people
meaning from among the people, every person who is humble, who is soft, who is easy to deal with. And he is close to the people.
You understand, hey you from home, humble layin from lean soft, satin satin what is easy, and Caribbean who is
one who is close.
So far among the people, the one who has these characteristics, fire is hard on upon him and he is hot all up on the fire. So in this is an encouragement for us to be gentle to be soft towards one another towards believers.
And sometimes we are the other way around. We are very harsh towards our own Muslim brothers and sisters. And when it comes to dealing with non Muslims, we become so respectful.
We become so gentle sometimes I wonder how people's faces they completely change. They're talking to Muslims. And you will see they're shouting, they're yelling, they're talking so rudely they're scolding them. And at the same time they see a non Muslim or they see someone you know who is clearly not a Muslim and all of a sudden their behavior will change.
But what do we learn from this?
That we should be gentle towards one another? Why? Why is it necessary to be gentle towards the believers?
What does it show when is a person gentle towards other believers?
Because you love the fact that he is a believer. You love the fact that he is striving for the deen of Allah, you love the fact that he loves a more.
So because he loves Allah, he strives for the deen of Allah. That's why you will show compassion to him, you will show mercy to him, you will be humbled towards him.
Because he is doing the same thing that you are doing. You're finding difficulty. They're finding difficulty. You need to strengthen one another. And if you become tough and rude to each other, then how will you strengthen one another? Where will you get your strength from?
How can people continue, they will not be able to continue. So we learned that it's very important that we must be humble and soft and gentle towards one another. compassionate towards one another understanding of one another.
Because if we're not, then we're not cooperating with one another. We're making it difficult for them to continue in the path of a loss parameter.
And if you read up to the unabomber, then you will love every person who is striving for the deen of Allah.
Another very important thing that we learned from this is that a person who is harsh towards the believers,
can such a person is neither liked by Allah. Nor is it like that people, people that drift away from him. They don't respect him. They don't like listening to him, they see him and they turn away.
They see him in the turn away. They don't want to listen to him.
And such a person is also disliked by a last panel data. And remember, the more Eman a person has, the more humble he becomes. Because he loves the fact that the other person has in mind and that is going to make him humble that is going to make him compassionate towards
the less amount of person is the more arrogant he is.
We also learn from this is that the quality of being confident about what you're doing. This is something that
praise worthy here is that enough meaning, self respect,
confidence. This is what, something that is praiseworthy.
We think that we should be very humble. Then when we become humble, we go to such an extreme, that we can't even defend ourselves. We're not even confident about what we're doing.
And we've become so humble that we don't want to take a step forward. We don't want to come to the surface, we don't want to be visible.
So all of this is what, against self respect.
Over here less apparent are they saying, or is it in our little cavity? They are strong and mighty against the disbelievers. What does that show they have self respect, they're confident about what they're doing. So there's no harm in being confident about what you're doing. It's not against humility.
Obviously if it leads to arrogance and that is something negative, but if a person is confident there's something very positive, because if you're not confident then you will stop doing what you're doing.
If you notice lay harpoon Aloma delay,
if you are focused on your goal, if you know what you want to get, if you know what you want to do, no matter what people say, Are you going to listen to them?
You're not going to listen to them. And if you're not focused about your goal, then what's going to happen? every single comment is going to stink, it's going to bite you.
It's going to affect you. And you're going to slow down.
So you have Boomer, you have Boomer who uj do a feasibility, then when a person does that, he becomes focused on his Deen. And then he doesn't care about what people say what people don't say. And on the other hand, if a person is not focused, then you know one person says something today you think of changing your way and other person says something else tomorrow, you think of changing your way. This is not confidence.
We see that in these is the first quality that is mentioned is your HIPAA home where you hit buno.
And part of having a loss pantalla is trust recover number.
Because what we love the law will depend on the dislike when you love anyone, you just automatically depend upon them.
You depend on them for help for support for assistance. And we see that in so many stories that are mentioned in the Quran. Like for example, the story of Jonathan falou.
That how the army of thought Luton, which though they're listening was that became successful, despite the fact that they had such few resources. Why
it was the love it was the workers, it was the trust that they had in the last panel, Darla.
So the first very important thing is to love a loss primarily because when a person has that love, that everything becomes easy.
Just like ordinarily, as well, when you love something,
that he will do anything to get it, he will do anything to get ahold of it, to make sure that they're happy with you to make sure you get their love.
The same thing applies to the relationship that we have with a foster parent. And
we see that we're a loss of data says that if you leave the dean, Allah will bring about another people. And we see that there are people who are born Muslim, but they leave that in, for instance, they will not pray the Salah at all, they will leave the arkana of Islam. And at the same time there are people who are embracing Islam who are much more stronger than them in their email.
And there are people who are born Muslim, they don't know how to recite the Quran and there are people who became Muslim and they can recite Quran much better.
This is such a
Shame for those people who are very proud of being born Muslim.
I remember once I was listening to a lecture, and then that a scholar came, and he gave a beautiful lecture, and at the end, it was basically a conference and somebody else came in, they mentioned that I remember the day when he came asking me about Islam.
And today, he is more learning than me.
You hit boom, when you hit buena.
uj, doing a feasibility.
We know that if you know we're working somewhere. And there is a possibility that somebody else could come and replace us how hard we try to make sure we keep that job.
We will come early, we will go late, we will take work home, we will do our best to make sure we don't lose that position.
We see that the qualities of humility and confidence and not fearing any criticism, they all come together because all of them are essential. We go to extremes generally, either we become very humble, or we become extremely confident, or we don't even take the positive criticism of people.
There must be a balance.
And we should be extremely careful about what we have in our hearts. Many times we think that just because it's hidden just because it's concealed. No big deal. It's okay. However, we should remember that whatever is in the heart is going to be exposed. And if it's shoe hat, if it's shahabad definitely it's not lovable, ah.
And what's the quality that we must have?
That is encouraged over here, the number one most printer
the first quality that's mentioned is you hate.
Which means everything starts it stems from the love of Allah. And we can only love Allah when we know him, know his attributes, exactly, that it begins from loving the last Panda, that if a person loves Allah, then he will not care about what other people have to say.
Then he will love those people who love Allah, He will be humbled towards them, then he will do his best to please our last presenter.
And there is a deep connection between this Indi attempt I mentioned previously,
that the previous is we were told not to take the Holden Minnesota as only a to an extent that you are compromising your religion.
And if a person loves Allah, then he will not love someone who does not available.
And if he has such an intimate relationship with them, that eventually what's going to happen he's going to end up compromising his Deen and eventually leaving the team. And if he leaves it in, Allah doesn't need such a person.
I just wanted to add in the previous verses in the past, we learnt about the traits of a hypocrite, we are almost behind that is telling us what traits that he loves and how what we're supposed to do and how we're supposed to act as Muslims.
And this is such a mercy of Allah that He is telling us what we should develop in ourselves in order to get the love of Allah.
And this is so beautiful, you have boom, he loves them.
If you want a lot of love you can these are the qualities that we must develop in ourselves.
I was just thinking that I'm sufficiently when we're teaching kids, the first thing that we when it comes to Allah Subhana Allah The first thing that we teach them, that like Allah is going to punish you, there's going to put you to hellfire. There's no like says have to love Allah subhanho wa Taala. So in this ayah that Allah said that Allah loves them. So as mothers or sisters, or even teachers, we should try to put this love to Allah Subhana Allah, because this is the force that's going to keep them moving on exactly.
When fear also motivates a person. But love is much nicer. It makes life easy.
people whom you love things that you love, you know every fine detail about them.
If there's a particular person you like, you know what they like to eat, you know what they like to do, you know where they like to go. If there's a particular thing you love, you know about every single detail. And Allah subhanaw taala the best way of learning about Allah is by learning his book, his canal, his speech, as well as his names and attributes.
Early we learned that it's the hypocrites who swear a lot. So we should also check ourselves that why do we have to swear in every little thing
that a child says something say, Well, no, he there's a very interesting joke. his neighbors of mine, little boys, they were playing once. And there was a way among them was not a Muslim. They don't get and I don't know what happened. All of a sudden they're saying say well, now you say well, like he said, Well, I he
He was not a Muslim. So sometimes we make it such a habit, that it's meaningless than it's meaningless. And this is in a way, disrespecting the name of Allah subhanaw taala because remember the meaning of the word person. That is to emphasize something by mentioning that which is honorable.
So if you're mentioning the name of Allah subhanaw taala and every little thing, then you're in fact disrespecting the name of Allah soprano.
So we should be careful about our speech, that we should take out all the extra words and expressions that are unnecessary.