Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nisa 123-134 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 126
are live below him in a shape one over giesemann there have over him.
That's the number 64 solothurn Nyssa.
One in that he life is similar to him I feel old and to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth.
Everything belongs to Allah. Allah does not need anyone's friendship. He does not need anyone's worship.
He does not need the people to obey him to stay away from his prohibitions. No, he doesn't benefit from their evader and he doesn't suffer any harm from their disobedience. So when people obey, who do they benefit themselves? And when they disobey, who do they harm themselves? When it lahemaa is similar to a woman I feel up to Allah belongs everything that is in the heavens and everything that is in the earth. Well can Allahu be couldn't cliche in mohito and Allah is all encompassing with everything.
Meaning every single thing, whether in the heavens or the earth, or anywhere else, Allah soprano, that is the health of it.
Mohave is from the author's hair oil,
from the word a helper. And a helper means to encircled something, to encompass something to encircle something from all sides, that it doesn't have any escape, it cannot get out. So Allah is with everything. We're here in two ways. First of all, in knowledge, that every single thing, every single person, what does he do? What does he not do? What is he feeling? What is he thinking? What is he saying? What is he intending? Allah subhanaw taala encompasses everything in his
and secondly, in his in his ability,
that everything is under his power. He has control and power over every single thing.
So who is the wise person?
The one who submits to Allah.
Thank you Brahim is
the one who obeys Allah, the One who stays away from the prohibitions. So what do we learn from this? Ayah?
That if everything is in the control of Allah subhanaw taala? Then what should we do?
We should submit ourselves willingly? How should we submit ourselves entirely?
And everything in the heavens and the earth is submitting to Allah?
Now, doesn't it suit a human being to submit to a loss of habitat as well?
If you think about it, the sky the earth, the creatures on the earth, all of them, if you think of it, the human being is better than them. Why?
Because a human being has been given actual intelligence. Are you more intelligent than the plants? Of course you are?
Are you more intelligent than cows? Of course you are. So if the cows had submitted to Allah, if the sky has submitted to Allah does not believe you are human being with Oracle to submit to Allah? Of course it does. So if a person does not submit to Allah, what is he showing? What is he doing? He's being foolish. He's showing that he doesn't use his alcohol.
And we think that if we are using our alcohol, then we must not obey. We must not obey Allah subhanaw taala.
And we must do whatever we want to because we're being very intellectual. We're using our mind we're being logical, but being logical means that you submit to the one who created you, you submit to the one who is supreme power, supreme authority.
We learned sort of last minute I am number 11. That when a lot of panels are created, the heavens and the earth are gone, and I have one in early and he said to it, meaning the sky and the earth,
the Thor and Gohan come into being willingly or by compulsion. Bowron okarin, willingly or by compulsion.
On a day they do said, attain alpha irine, we have come willingly.
This is what they chose, they were given the choice, willingly or unwillingly you have to come? What did they say? We come willingly. What about us? unwillingly,
because sometimes we do obey the commands of Allah. But what is the state of our heart?
What is the state of our heart? It's unwilling. We're not willing to be the wise person. The most intelligent person is the one who first of all submits to Allah and secondly, submit with willingness.
And we also see that a loss of panatela is the owner and he is the one who has supreme authority. He is Mohit. Now whether a person submits or not a loss of penalties
Till the owner,
a loss of control is still the supreme authority. We cannot damages authority by disobeying him. We will only benefit ourselves.
Now in the following I add some more issues pertaining family life, married life I mentioned.
As we mentioned at the beginning of the silver
wire stuff don't occur, and they request from you, from who, from you or profits or lawyers or learn what a legal ruling Finn Nyssa concerning women.
Were Steph Tunica finisher.
Yes, Steph tomeka. is from the room fetters fair. They're well
fed spoon fed to
its roof at risk factor well fed spoon fed What? And what does it mean? What is a fatwa?
A legal ruling, a formal legal opinion, a legal ruling?
And is stuff that your staff to NACA, what does it mean,
to see the request to inquire about illegal routing?
So is the fair is what I will forget where it is to seek a legal ruling to ask about a legal ruling. That what am I supposed to do?
And literally the word that was used for it is to state the solution to a difficult matter.
What is it the state the solution to a difficult matter? So there is a technical matter? There's a confusing state, you don't know what to do? Should you do it? Should you do something? Should you do a? Or should you do be? Should you deal with it? Should you not deal with it?
So it is to state the solution to a difficult matter. And as a technical term, it is a religious ruling. concerning a matter.
You know, for example, if you're confused about something, you go to your mother, tell me what to do.
You're not discussing with her you're just asking her tell me what to do. You go to your husband, tell me what to do. You're not discussing you just want to know what you should do.
So this is what fatwah but definitely fatwa is the religious ruling concerning a matter that what is allowed in the religion. Am I allowed to do this in my Deen or am I not allowed to do this in my day?
So basically, it is a verdict. It is a ruling that is in the religion, meaning what the religion says about something.
Now, there's another term that is used for a verdict for a decision which is about other
and other is the been unhooked machinery.
What does it mean?
It is to clarify, it is to show what the shadow hokum is, what the religious rule is,
like, for example, to the kadhi do people come with their argument and just remember the story of Burma, the Jewish man came and are making the so now there is an argument. So, what is called law do you make a ruling to give a ruling that you are right and you are wrong?
says what are the that you are right and you are wrong? Based on what
based on this evidence based on this ayah based on this Hadees You are right, you are wrong.
And Kava is also to implement the ruling.
You carry it out as well.
So Ali is one who judges one who gives a ruling and then he also implements.
fatwa on the other hand, is to say, okay, you're supposed to do this. You're not supposed to do this. But you cannot impose the ruling on the other person.
You're only going to tell them that this is what you're supposed to do. You cannot impose it. But Kava is carried out. It is implemented. It is forced upon the two people who come with their dispute or affair to the coffee.
Now remember that when it comes to fatwa, if you go to a scholar and if you ask him about a fatwa, he gives you the fatwa.
But you say, Okay, he's not going to impose it on me. He can't force it on me. He's just telling me if I'm allowed to do this or not. So it's up to me whether I do it or not. That's what we think. Right? It's my choice. That's what the Mufti said, and it's my choice whether I want to take the fatwa or not.
And sometimes what do people do? They find one fatwa. They don't like it. Where do they go to somebody else and
They ask them the fatwa they give them the fatwa if they like it, they will take it. Now this is something incorrect.
Because Allah subhanaw taala says first Alou athletically, in kuntum letter, they will ask Who? The people who have knowledge, if you don't know.
So why are you asking them to test their knowledge? No, to find out about what you should do.
So if you've asked someone, and what they're telling you makes sense to you, it is correct. There is an evidence behind it, then what should you do?
Don't go around footwear shopping.
So yes, they have to NACA, they ask you a legal ruling that what is the religion sale? What should we do? And who does you refer to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? And who does they refer to? The Sahaba?
Were at another word as well. into the record. Ah, yes. aluna. They asked you.
That was just about, Okay. Yes. aluna for example, our new Mohave Oh, yes. aluna Karina, a hill, about the new moon. What is this? What are we supposed to do? Does it have some basis in our Deen? Or does it not have any basis and already? What are we supposed to do?
And over here, yes, the tunica fineness concerning the women, meaning with regards to the rights of the women. What is obligatory foreigners? What is not obligatory bonus? Do we have to do something? Or are we allowed to leave it? Yes, they have Tunica fitness.
Now, what was their first word concerning the women concerning the issues of women? What were they inquiring about? What legal verdict? Were they asking for?
First of all, about their inheritance shares about the inheritance of the woman.
Because the Arabs, they had no concept, as we learned earlier, of giving an inheritance share to a woman.
For example, the wife of the person who had died, she wasn't given anything, it was understood that was their culture. Why? Because what will she do with that money? When she's become old? her sons need the money. She doesn't need the money. And if she has the money, what you're going to do with it is you're going to go to bathroom and you're going to take a sword. No, so she's not going to help us why give her the money.
So this is why they came asking the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when the ayat about the inheritance were revealed,
which we studied at the beginning of the surah, that this woman gets this much easier. This one gets this much easier if you remember, the sister, the mother, the daughter, the wife, all of them were given the shares.
So they give to the profits out a lot. Isn't that how come? How come women are being given a share of inheritance? Why?
So yes, they've done everything they said.
Secondly, concerning the women meaning about their Mahesh
because what was the culture of some people? What was the tradition of some people? What was their practice, that the Wali, the father or the Guardian, he would take them
and it would not be given to the daughter, or the sister.
Similarly, the mother, the man would not give to the wife and he would keep it with himself.
So we just have to finish.
And thirdly, about the meaning about their rights, about their obligations.
And just imagine this as all of you, when we read those I had people had different different questions. When we read the if, in the beginning of certain people had so many different questions, what about this case? What about that case? Similarly, just imagine the Sahaba they had different questions. And all of them came to the Prophet said about Islam inquiring about different different issues. What does Allah say?
Go the level, say to them that Allah, youth Deacon, he gives you for FY hyndland concerning them.
They're asking the prophets are among us and who is giving the fatwa Allah subhanaw taala.
Call the language of the country in Allah is going to give you a fatwa concerning them.
So they asked the Prophet but Allah gives a solution himself. What does this show the importance of the subject at hand?
importance of the issue that is in question, coding level you have to configure because if Allah revealed concerning something, if Allah gives a photo concerning something and uses this word Allah gives What what? What does it show
the importance of what is being spoken about?
So Allah who you have to configure now, the General fatawa, about the women concerning their manhood concerning their rights, they have already been mentioned.
They have already been mentioned that for example, for the inheritance live record image, we'll have a look and say, What are tunisair so to party Nicola. So all of these whatever were actually given earlier. So what is meant by this statement have a lot of put in there who use the convenient meaning of law has already given you a fatwa concerning them.
What do people do generally, they learn about one thing, and they bring up several questions, they ignore the text, and what do they do? They come and ask the person who told them
for example, it says very clearly in the ayah the hokum is very clear in the ayat but still some people come and ask, okay, but what about this issue? And if you read the ayah, the message is clear. The verdict is clear. So Quran now you have to configure meaning a lot has already given you the General fatawa concerning the women concerning their rights concerning their manhood Allah has already told you
one minute La La come filter, and what has been recited upon you in the book,
which book the Quran
meaning where you're at home, and gives you a fatwa, what gives you fat
man, that which euteller and akenfield keytab has already been recited to you in the book meaning if you consult a book, he will find the solution in the book. If you consult the book, you will find the solution in the book.
Many times the ayat of the Quran are clear. But so what do people do? They go to a scholar and ask a fatwa.
For example, we read very clearly, well, however, mareeba Allah has forbidden Riba, but still people will go to a Mufti, they will ask okay, but in my case, in my situation, what about this? And what about that? And can I do this and cannot do that?
I mean, if you read the Quran, it's clear. Why do you need to ask someone
when you are a communicator, what is connected with your physical meaning, where you see command, you'd learn a configure tab if you refer to the book, The verdict is already there.
Now over here, in this ayah, the first one is not mentioned. But by saying my utility complicated attention is being directed to the outcome that have previously been stated.
figure them out Tama Nyssa, concerning the orphans of the women.
What does it mean by this fee yet Mr. Nyssa,
concerning the orphans of the women,
this has been understood in two ways.
First of all, aneesa Leah, Thelma and Lisa all yet
meaning the women who are orphan, so basically orphan girls. So basically, what does it mean orphan girls?
Secondly, yet Emma Nisa means the yet Emma of the women,
meaning the orphan children, the orphan children, off the women, which women, the widows, and others have said that he commonly said means oma hair to Leah time the mothers of the orphans.
So, in one sense, the verdict is about who the orphans and in the other sense of relief is about the women, the mothers, the widows,
Sophia time Anissa, meaning Allah has already given you are ruling before in the surah concerning concerning the orphan children concerning the widows, concerning the mothers of the orphaned children, and what was the hokum that Allah subhanaw taala gave concerning those women?
What was the hokum
remember, earlier insert a new set we learned that we're in 15, Atlanta casita, affiliate Emma Frankie who Mel Tabata come in and massage that if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry other women of your choice. Allah already gave you a fatwa that if there is an orphan girl, and you think that you're not going to be just towards her, then what should you do? You have to marry her No. marry somebody else. So I'm already given you the first one.
So which women are these Who are these yet Emma Nyssa and Natty those who meaning those women who lead to a homeowner? You do not give them? What do you not give them? makuti? Bella hoon. What is ordained for them? What is fixed for them? What is quoted by me? It is prescribed for them. Meaning it is their health. It is the right? What is the right of the woman? What is the right of the woman when she gets married? The mother? What is the right of the woman when her husband dies inheritance
So, Allah has prescribed their shares for them. And these women, what do you do lead to equity when you do not give them what Allah has prescribed for them. Now what is you refer to? Who is being addressed over here lead to donor who does you refer to?
It may refer to the earlier, the guardians, which guardians, guardians off the orphan girls.
Remember, we learned earlier, that sometimes there would be a guardian, and he would have an orphan girl under his care, he would like review it, he would want to marry her, or he would want her to marry, you know, some close relative of his, but he knew that he wouldn't be able to be just to her. Why? Because there's no one else on her side.
Similarly, he would not like her. He would not like her beauty, he had no interest in her, but just because she possessed a date farm, just because she possessed a little bit of property. That's the only reason why he would marry her to get her inheritance to get her share.
So that to the one who does you all refer to the ODF.
Secondly, it is said that tuna one, it refers to the idea of the woman, the guardians of the woman, who take her mouth, instead of giving them off to her at the time of marriage when the husband gives him or her who should go to the woman or her father, the woman. But what would those fathers do? What would those brothers do that they would keep them out? They will not give it to the woman.
So allottee lead to non equity, but those women who do not give them what is their share? What is prescribed for them.
So basically, unless it lead to equity, but I wanted to summarize before we move on, it refers to two types of women, the feminists that are who are two types of women.
First of all, the women whom you don't give what is prescribed for them, and yet you wish to marry them.
You don't give them what is their right there.
But still, you wish to marry them.
Secondly, it refers to those women whom you don't give what is prescribed for them. And you also don't wish to marry them.
Those women whom you don't give what is prescribed for them, and you also don't wish to marry them? What's the difference between the two? The first is that you wish to marry them. Despite the fact that you don't like them, you don't give what is prescribed for them.
And the second is that you don't wish to marry them.
So about these women alasa panel data has already given you a fatwa, what is that fatwa that Frankie whom apabila come in and say, Don't marry these women instead, who should you marry? Who should you make somebody else to the fatwas already given were in sort of NASA and number three, write that down. So to NASA and number three,
because the fatwa is not mentioned in the ayah, where's Allah says over here, for the level you've taken, the first was not mentioned, but it is being referred to that it has already been given to you concerning these women.
Without a homeowner and you wish you inclined. And thank you, honey, that you married them, you wish to marry them. Now over here that homeowner is from newsletters, blah, blah, blah, line
from the word Robert. And Robert, is to like, do wish to incline toward something.
And the word rubber cannot be used by itself, meaning it has to be followed by another word that specifies the meaning. It has to be followed by a word that specifies the meaning.
It could be a rally behind, like we learned earlier, when a young Babu and miletti Ibrahim remember in total Bukhara who would turn away from the religion of Ibrahim so early but I'm not and that you see here it's I'm away from
volleyball and when really what is fun about it gives a meaning of do leave something do dislike something, do the test something do not have any inclination for something. This is the meaning of roughly about
the second word that you can put after the LIBOR is fee
value by fee.
And what does receiver fee me? Do be interested in something to like something to be inclined towards something. So you understand the two words and if you think of it, they're completely opposite.
dislike have no interest in. And the other is to like to have interest and to be inclined towards something. If you look over here, which word is being used, neither. And this is the beauty of
that by using neither. Both are implied by using none, both are implied.
So this part of the eye can be looked at in two completely different ways. This is how the Quran is so brief. This is how the Quran is so concise. So what are Buddha and tanky, one can be understood in two ways. First of all, they'll kabuna and that you do not desire to marry them, you have no interest to marry them. Why? Because of their ugliness because of something in them that you don't like, because of their age, because of something or the other, you don't want to marry them. And remember all of those different stories that I mentioned you incidents that I mentioned to you in which sometimes they wouldn't marry the girl themselves, they wouldn't let somebody else marry. Why?
Because then her property is going to go to somebody else.
And what would they do, they would put a sheet, a shawl over the woman that indicated that now she's going to remain unmarried for the rest of her life. And basically, when she would die, then the Guardian would inherit her one palm tree,
the little bit that she had, this is the injustice that they would do on the women,
that they had no interest in marrying the women, they would not let somebody else marry the woman. Why? Because they wanted their property.
Now one was that you go kill her, but you're actually being nice that you're not getting her. You're just letting her live in your house. And you're just waiting for her to die. And as soon as she dies, then you take her property.
I should have known her said about this verse that it is about the man who is taking care of a Female Orphan, being her caretaker and inheritor
that he is going to be her caretaker he is her guardian. And he is also going to be her inheritor. Why because she doesn't have any other relatives left.
Her money has joined with his money to such an extent that she shares with him even the branch of a date that he has, meaning he has completely taken her wealth.
So he likes to marry her himself, and hates to marry her to another men.
Why does he want to marry her from material game?
And why does he not wish to get her married to somebody else? Why? Because then he would have a shared in her money.
Therefore, he refuses to let her marry anyone else. So this I was revealed.
This is why this I was revealed. So first of all that a homeowner and that you have no interest in marrying them, you don't think that you're actually going to treat her as your wife and have a family with her? No, no interest in that.
Secondly, the rabona fee that you have interest in marrying such women. Why? Maybe it's her beauty. Maybe it's her beauty, maybe it's her wealth. So you have some interest in marrying her. But you know that you will not be fair. So Allah subhanaw taala has already given you a fatwa that don't marry such women. Instead, who should you marry somebody else? If you want another wife, go marry two. If you want more, go marry three, go marry four. But don't marry her and then oppress her. Don't marry her and be unjust towards her.
Now this is the completion of the first class. The first issue
that Allah subhanaw taala gives you fatwa concerning the women which women yet ama, and what's the fatwa concerning them? What's the fatwa concerning them? It's not mentioned here. Where is it mentioned at the beginning of this one, what is it that don't marry them?
Secondly, while most of our female
meaning and will law who use decal fill most of our thing and Allah gives you a fatwa concerning
the monster there are Faena men and women from the children
must have of the earthiness of Mazel Tov and who is Mazel Tov one who has been made weak, one who has been rendered weak, one who is made helpless, someone who is oppressed,
who are the most of the Athena men and will then will then is the plural of Walid will then is a plural of what do you need? There is another word, wallet.
And that's singular of what olade so wallet olade because remember, when it is used for any child, one to male female, but will lead in particular is a young child, a young boy, an infant, like not necessarily an infant but like a little child.
So will muscle dafina minute will then who are the most of their phenotype
will then will then is a plural of Waleed. They are minor children. I mean they are weak, they cannot help themselves. They're completely dependent on others for food for going anywhere for their protection for their care. They're completely dependent on others. Why? Because of their age, maybe because of their health or some other reason. So they are minor children, they are weak children. So Allah subhanaw taala has already given you a fatwa concerning these children concerning these orphan children.
And what is a password and a login you concerning so many fatawa that don't consume the wealth of the orphan, that if you have to intermingle your affairs with theirs and still be careful, the person who is born he should only charge as much as he needs and the person who has enough he should stay away from charging.
So all of these issues were clearly mentioned before similarity, their inheritance, their wealth,
will add to the atomic Amala home, water lulea timer. So all of these issues alasa panatela has already mentioned to you has already given you a fatwa about