Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 17-20 Word-Analysis 17-20
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shavon rajim Bismillah
Alhamdulillah wa when you do this course, yes, things do become a bit more challenging, more difficult, but you really learn to manage your time well,
of hamdulillah this course will teach you how to benefit from holidays, or free time or break time. And if you think about it, that time will pass even if you don't do anything useful in it, right? So Alhamdulillah for the opportunity that we're studying the Quran on our weekdays and we have the weekend to do other things.
Let's continue our lesson.
Lesson number five. So total dakara is number 17. To 20.
We did the translation inshallah, we'll move on to the lesson now.
The following verses, present two examples of the hypocrites.
So far in the Quran, we have learned about three groups of people. The first group is of those who are guided, those who believe those who have written and they also do army. The second group is of those who are not guided, those who have in but they don't have, who are the disbelievers. And the third group is of the hypocrites. In the previous verses, we learned about some characteristics of the hypocrites. Now, Allah soprano data presents two examples to illustrate the behavior of the hypocrites to explain to us the behavior of the hypocrites to clearly tell us how they are. And remember, whenever an example is given, what happens, you're able to understand better, you're able
to relate to it better. So the purpose of mentioning these examples, the purpose behind mentioning these characteristics is not to that we go on finding or looking for people who are hypocrites, but rather it is to analyze ourselves in the light of these examples, in the light of these verses, in the light of the characteristics that are mentioned over here, that if I have any of these characteristics, and I should work on improving myself. So the following verses, explain the condition the behavior of the hypocrites. Now remember that there are two types of nifa there are two types of hypocrisy.
The first type of hypocrisy is that which is in Arpita, what is actually the
So hypocrisy there is an earth leader. What does that mean? It refers to the hypocrite, who actually this believes in the heart. But on the outward, he is only revealing Islam, he is only showing Islam
so that he can enjoy the benefits of being a Muslim.
But in his heart, he is actually a disbeliever. In his heart, he is not a believer. There example, is the first example that is mentioned in these verses. The second example, is off the second type of hypocrites, and who are they? Those who have nifa in their armor, in their actions in their deeds, what's the first type of nifa that which is in earthly that that which is in belief that in the heart, the person is a disbeliever, and he's only showing Islam? The second type of hypocrisy is that which is in the armor in the action of a person. What does it mean by that? That at heart, a person is a Muslim, but he does some actions, which are actually off hypocrites. For example, we
learned of the Hadees that there are signs of a hypocrite, what are they? But when he speaks, he lies when he makes a promise, he breaks it and other characteristics as well, that we learned off. So does this mean that if a person lies just once he becomes a hypocrite?
What it means is that he has a characteristic of hypocrites.
He is being hypocritical were in his actions, not in his arcada. He is a believer in his heart, but just in his actions, he has hypocrisy.
He has hypocrisy. So the second type of hypocrisy is of that which is in armor. And the second example that is mentioned over here is about this type of hypocrisy. So let's go over the examples. Let's go over the verses.
As for the first example, that is mentioned, our bill live in Miss Earth and other companions, has stated about this ayah I am number 17. That when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam came to Medina when he migrated to Medina
Some people became Muslim. But soon they became hypocrites. They turned away from Islam. So their example is of a person who was in darkness. Then he kindle the fire through which the environment became illuminated, and things of benefit and lost became clear to him. When there's darkness, you can't see anything when there's light, you're able to distinguish between things. So similarly, he was in the darkness off ship. The profits of the lotus Adam game guidance game knowledge came, Islam came and with that he was able to see what was good, what was bad, what was beneficial, what was not. But then what happened, then the light blew out, and he fell into darkness, or that he lost his
own sight and return to the state of being in darkness. This was the condition of the hypocrites. This was the condition of the hypocrites. First they were in the darkness, of ship of disbelief, the prophets are allowed is a long game brought guidance, they were in light, but then the light was extinguished. And as a result, they fell back into the darkness.
Let's look at these verses
methylome their example their description their state, who state who does their refer to the hypocrites the non African, the way they are in their hypocrisy, their description is can method like example,
notice the word method method is from the root letters, meme sir, love,
And method is used for an example a description
the state that something is in
and the word mythical, you may have heard of the word mythical mythical means similar to that which resembles the other.
But if you look at the two words method and method method is that which is similar to the other method is example. Now whenever you give an example, it is always similar to
the concept that you are explaining the concept that you are elaborating, isn't it? When you give an example, it has to be similar to the concept that you are elaborating on.
And what is a method what is an example
if you think of it, an example is used to explain something that is abstract through something that is concrete.
Something that is intangible, something that cannot be seen cannot be touched cannot be felt. That is explained how, by giving the example of by citing something that is that is tangible, that is concrete that can be touched, that can be felt, that can be seen.
For example, if you're trying to explain to a child, what the color red is, what the color of white is,
and you try to explain it through words, it's going to be very difficult. And if you just say White is like the color of this paper
is the explanation going to be easy? Of course it is. So the purpose of a method is what to explain something that is abstract through that which is concrete, to explain an intangible concept through that which is tangible through that which can be seen from the same root mean Phantom is the word term theme. anthem field is used for a drama.
Because what do people do in a drama? They act out.
If somebody just tells you a story in words, it's difficult to follow along sometimes, isn't it? But if you see it being acted out, it's easier to follow along. It's more enjoyable, which is why many times people don't bother reading a book and if there is a movie on it, they will just prefer to watch that. Right. So from the same root theme, and the word theme third is used for a statue. Anyway, Allah says methylome can methylene leadest Okada narrow their example is like the example of the one who kindled a fire. Now you see in the Quran, many examples are mentioned many examples are given. Why? So that it is easier for us to understand, so that we can understand quickly. We can
have a better understanding. We can see things.
We can see things we can relate them with our daily lives. So the example of the hypocrites is like that of a lady
Have the one who is still Gada? It still is from the root letters well off, then
what are the letters? Well, off the
the word workload is from the same root, which means few. But the canal at work waku, when NASA when a jar of fear the fire, who's few is men and stones. So we'll put means few.
And if though, the word that you see here is stone father,
gives us two meanings. The first meaning that the word is still for the conveyance is to light a fire, to kindle a fire.
What does it mean, to light a fire to kindle a fire? The second meaning of the word is still powder, is to ask someone to light fire for you. What does it mean? To ask someone to light fire for you? Just as sometimes if you're sitting,
and it is, let's say it's a full time, you don't have the lights on. And eventually it is most of the time when you're still sitting. So, a person who was walking around what are you going to ask them to do? Can you please turn the light on? So instacart is still harder is to ask someone to light the fire, it is to ask someone to kindle fire. So under the so called, like the one who kindled? What did he can do? What did he like? or What did he ask to be lit? Now on a fire? We ask people to turn the light on, we ask people to turn the heating on the air conditioning on over here. What did this person do? He asked that amount of fire should be kindled. The word now is from the
root letters noon well,
and the word now is used for fire and in fire, there is light and there is also heat, there is light, there is also heat there is one
and sometimes fire also serves as protection.
So method one cannot add a lead is still there example is like that of the one who kindled a fire. Now what does it mean by another stove for dinner?
First of all,
this is understood as the person who lit fire in darkness.
What is the darkness, the darkness of unbelief, the darkness of
ignorance, the darkness off?
What else do you think? Should associating partners with the loss of
oppression? injustice? Doubt. So there is darkness. And the first meaning of the sofa is to light fire. So a person came and he lit the fire? Who is this person? It refers to the prophets that have autism.
And this light, it refers to that that is produced by the fire What does it refer to the light of guidance, the light on the light of Islam.
Let's look at this meeting. First. Let's read through the ayah and then inshallah we will move on to the second meeting which is to ask someone to like fire right. So let's stick to this meeting first study the ayah then we move on to the second minute. So their example is like the one who kindled a fire. What happened after lighting the fire for them and then when
it illuminated the word filament gives the meaning of then when it gives it conveys the meaning of the sequence of events. So funnel map then when meaning when the fire was lit as a result what happened about at mahalo who his surrounding became illuminated. The word about it is from the root letters, board. Well Hamza,
Bo, Leah, which means light. And in particular, I decided that there is such light that also has heat with it.
It also has heat with it. The word also applies to the burning rays of the sun.
There is light and then there is also heat along with it.
Sometimes in winter,
it's extremely cold. And if you're inside and the sunlight is coming through the glass windows, can you still feel the heat of the sun, you can. This is what the air is extremely bright, and it also has heat with it. But in particular, Leah is used for such light that has a red tinge to it meaning it's not white, like these lights that you have in your classroom.
Okay, it has a reddish yellowish color to it.
So follow me about about means it became bright it became illuminated. So when the fire illuminated when the fire made bright what mahalo who what was around him?
How is from the roof letters how well and
how well known and what hell is used for surrounding that which is around a person my hola who that which was around him who does him refer to the one who lit the fire the Prophet sallallahu Salah.
So, when the environment is illuminated, what does it mean by that, when the environment was illuminated, the truth and falsehood are clearly distinguished. People are able to see what right is what wrong is what correct is what false is
what Allah likes, and what he does not like what he approves of, and what he does not approve of.
In darkness, we're not able to tell if something is you know, a bed or a table or a chair, right? But when there's light, all you have to do is just you know, look towards it and you know, what is what you can tell things apart you can distinguish between the things. So phenomena although
the environment is illuminated truth and falsehood are clearly distinguished differences between right and wrong are clearly known. What happens what happens to the hypocrites Allah says that heaven Allahu Allah took away a lot to cover what venuti him barely Allah took away their light who does their refer to naughty him? Then refers to the hypocrites. Now, the word the Hubba is from the letters then however,
have you heard of the word that
they have not had that they have? What does it mean? Gold, what happens to gold? does it stay always with the person no
a person has to give Zakat on a part of it goes away from him. Similarly, gold is a big investment it's a big asset people secure their money by buying gold and eventually when they have to spend what happens the gold goes away from them. So the habit is to go away. What does that mean to go away? So there are more who be new to him. And when the word the habit is followed by B, do you see over here they have Allahu venuti him then they have a beat means to take something away.
The habit beat means to take something away the habit on its own means he went he left the hobby he took away he went with so that alone will be new to him electrical with their light, the word new has the same root letters as the word now noon router and new is used for a bright light.
light that shines How is no different from the nude has no heat in it. Okay, Leah has heat in it. So what does it mean by a love took away their light?
a logical way the light of the hypocrites. You see in order to see something two lights are needed.
Okay, two lights are needed. First of all you need light outside
Okay, you need light in the environment in the surrounding area. So that you can see what is out there. The second light that is needed is the light of the vision of the site. So that a person is actually able to see
the person is able to perceive. Now the thing is that there is light outside of them, but their light is extinguished. Which light is this their internal light,
their own light is extinguished, which is why they are unable to see anymore, which is why they have lost the ability to distinguish between right and wrong. When there is light, you can tell this is good. This is bad. This is right, this is wrong. When a person does not have light, he loses that ability. He loses that sense. So Allah took away their light, Allah took away their ability, water aka him and he left them taraka is from the letters that are calf. taraka literally means to leave something to abandon something. So Allah abandoned them, who does them refer to the hypocrite
A lot took away their light. And he abandoned them were fields illuminating in darknesses label saloon they do not see the word Luna mat is a third of the word
volmer which is from the root letters, what do you think? La Land lamb mean?
And one one literally means darkness.
Just one request that if you do have to say something to the person sitting next to you, try to keep it very low.
Because when I can hear you, when other people around, he can hear you then what happens? It affects your listen. It affects your concentration. So if you really have to say something, first of all, you know, try to make sure that you don't have to say something, but if it's extremely important, then you may whisper but in a very low voice, okay.
So, what are the ultimate limiters from volmer which means darkness is
any other word from the same root?
volume, volume, what is that?
What is that? injustice, oppression?
injustice, oppression, that is what? So we see that Luma means darkness and low means injustice. What's the connection between the two?
What's the connection between the two?
The connection is that on the Day of Judgment of Lulu, Lulu max Yokoyama, oppression will be darkness for a person on the Day of Judgment. What does that mean? That a person who is oppressive in the dunya he will be in darkness, in the hereafter on the Day of Judgment.
So hula matting, Allah subhanaw taala leaves them in darkness is liable. So don't they do not see you will see rune is from the root letters by sodre. And vasara means to see you will see you they see now you will see don't they do not see at all.
So their light is taken away.
They're left in the darknesses and they're unable to see they're unable to see what they're unable to see.
Troops, they're able to see that which is good, that which is beneficial. Now a question may be asked that there was light around them, they could see But what happened? Allah took away their light, isn't it? What do we read in the the hub of law who be noting him a logical way their light? What Taka homefield Lulu Martin and he left them in darknesses as a result of which label saloon they were unable to see. So the question is, why did this happen? Why did Allah subhanaw taala take away there light? Allah subhanaw taala tells us in the Quran there Lika be under home an insert of an African is number three. So rather than African I number three, Allah tells us there Lika be
unknown Amano. That is because they believed some microphone Oh, then they disbelieved for two br la khudobin him so their hearts were sealed over for whom they have Cahoon and they do not understand.
So what do we learn from this is that when a person is offered the guidance when the light is lit for him, but then he chooses to throw my calf out. There they choose themselves to close their eyes. They choose themselves to go against the truth that they have found. As a result, what happens, Allah takes away that ability from them.
There was light around them, light was given to them the Prophet sallallahu Sallam brought light, the commands came to them. They learned about the way to please Allah subhanaw taala did they do that? Did they follow them? No, they didn't. And when they didn't last panel data took away the light from them.
So then it could be unknown m&r so Mecca photo photo piano Caribbean for whom I have
another version. The Quran also explains this, which we learned earlier as well in the eyes about the disbelievers that film as a whole as a whole lot to do boom. So to solve it number five, that when they deviated Allah cause their hearts to deviate. So it's not that Allah subhanaw taala is, you know, oppressing them he is depriving them of guidance. No, Allah sent the messenger to them, who brought light to them. But they didn't benefit from that light. They didn't use their mind. They didn't use their own comprehension, they did not benefit from the light that was brought to them. And as a result, it was taken away. Just as for example, if you prepare something if you prepare
some food, okay,
You offer it to your children. You offer it to your brother, your sister.
And what did they do? instead of eating? Let's say, why does it look so funny?
And they try to find faults in it. It doesn't taste like, you know how you made it before. It's okay. It's edible. But there's this and this wrong with it. I don't feel like eating it, or they're forcing themselves to you. What are you going to do?
You're just going to take it away? Fine. Don't want it don't want to eat it. Fine. Don't eat it. I'll take it away. And sometimes there is absolutely nothing wrong with the food, isn't it? But just because it is a vegetable that they do not like, it's a particular food that they don't enjoy eating. That's where they will find fault in that particular food. And you say, fine, don't eat it. Similarly, they were given the light. Was there a problem with the light? Was there a problem with the commands that are lost? Pandora gave them No.
But they themselves didn't want to do them. And when they didn't last, the panel data took away their light, and they were unable to see. So as a punishment, a loss of panel data took away their light. Also, we learned in the previous verses that when they were told, I'm a newcomer, I'm a nurse, what was their response? And I'm gonna suffer, how shall we believe like the foolish ones believe. So when they appear to be believers, and when they mocked at the believers, when they call them foolish, unless the panel data does not let them play around with his religion.
Allah subhanaw taala does not let them belittle his religion. He takes the ability away from them of comprehension
when they're appearing to be believers, when they're showing themselves as believers, but actually they're mocking actually, they're calling the believers foolish. Actually, they are, you know, bringing disgrace to the religion than what does Allah do? Allah takes away their light from them.
Allah soprano gathers religion, the people who believe in Him, they're not so cheap that they can be made fun of anyone who does that will suffer consequences. And many times it is very sad that people who claim to be Muslims, they have grown up in Muslim homes, they call themselves Muslims, but still they will make fun of the team they will make fun of the last panel.
So when a person does that, a lot takes away their light from them a lot takes away their ability to comprehend their ability to distinguish between right and wrong. And as a result what happens Allah says someone they are deaf, Bookman, they are dumb or immune they are blind, for whom they are German. So they will not return they become deaf they become dumb and they become blind and they will not return to guidance. Let's look at these words. The word someone is from the letters saw a meme meme.
It is from the root letters saw me and the word some is the plural of the word s form. It is a plural of the word awesome. How will you write a song with an Elif solid and mean?
And if SWAT me with a fourth round, Elif Anderson, Assam
and also attach lead on the main
asylum is someone who is deaf
someone who is unable to hear
someone who is unable to hear from the same root the word sleep man is used for a core
What does it do?
What does it do? What does a cork do? What does it stop or do?
it seals the mouth of the bottle right? it seals the mouth of the bottle what is inside is blocked inside. What is inside is blocked inside. And it also prevents from any moisture anything going inside the jar as well. You know you have airtight containers right. Why are they like that? So that there is no moisture no air that goes inside the container. So CMM is used for a cork or a stopper. So it is basically when something is blocked. So Aslan is a person whose hearing is blocked, whose hearing is blocked a person who is unable to hear properly.
So someone they are deaf. What does it mean by the fact that they are deaf doesn't mean that literally they are deaf, they become deaf, they're unable to hear.
What this means is that it refers to their state of being unable to hear
there being unable to listen to the truth and remember that listening is of two types. The first listening is to just, you know, hear the sounds to listen to the sound. Okay? The second type of listening is that when you listen and you accept, when you listen and accept. So over here, they are deaf meaning they do not listen. They do not listen to what they do not listen to the truth. They do not like listening to the truth. And if they do listen to the truth, they don't accept it.
You understand? Because you see the hypocrites they would actually go
in the gathering of the prophets or
they would go and listen to the hotpot. The prophets are among the some of the Laban obey. He was a leader of the hypocrites. He would go and sit in the front while the profits are allowed this would be delivering the hospital. He heard he heard the profit sort of bonus and reciting the Quran. But did hearing benefit him? No. So someone they are deaf, to listening to do accepting to agreeing with the truth.
of also panatela tells us in the Quran in surah al and fan, I am number 21 while at the kuno kalinina colusa Mariner where Himalayas maroun Do not be like those people who say that we have heard, but actually they have not heard.
Because a person who has heard he must show by his action that he has heard
if you tell your child to bring something for you, and if they don't, what does that tell you? Either they did not hear or they're not listening to your instruction. So someone they are deaf. They don't listen to the truth. They don't accept the truth. They don't benefit from the truth. And they're also Bookman, once we're done. Book One is the plural of the word, outcome,
and outcome, how will you write that I live by calf knee addcom.
abcam is used for a person who is unable to speak
who is unable to speak. It is also said that outcome is used for a person who has never spoken.
Who has never spoken meaning since birth, he has never been able to speak.
It has also said that outcome is used for a person who is neither able to speak nor comprehend.
Because many times people who have a disability and they're unable to speak, they can comprehend.
Many times when people are unable to speak they're also deaf, right. But they have a sign language with which they can communicate. Once I went somewhere, and there was a group of people, at least about five or six.
And they were communicating in sign language. I had never seen something more beautiful than that. I was amazed. They were sitting there was complete silence. And the whole time they were communicating with the sign language. They couldn't utter a word. They couldn't hear a word. But they were actually talking.
They were actually talking over here. apcom is used for a person who can neither speak nor can he understand.
He doesn't have either of these abilities. So there are someone and they're also Bookman. So what does it mean by Boko in the context doesn't mean they're unable to speak physically, their tongues, you know, do not function property. No, that's not what the meaning is. What it means is that they're unable to speak out the truth.
they're unable to speak out the truth. they're unable to speak out that which is good.
They do not speak good, they do not speak the truth. Then what do they speak? What do they say? falsehood? baffling, be mechanical, yet the boon because they used to lie? So someone Bookman Moreover, Allah says they're also only on ones who are blind? The word immune is a plural of the word, armor.
armor. How would you write armor? And if I mean with a yet at the end, armor, and armor is used for a person who is blind, physically blind, who was unable to see but otherwise the word armor or immune is used for blindness that is not just physical, but also spiritual?
Also spiritual. So Romanian What does it mean by this, that they are blind to the path of guidance? They are blind to the truth
So that they do not perceive the truth. They were clear signs, the prophets that a lot of Salaam spoke to them. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam lived amongst them. Did they not see him? Did they not see the events that took place? Of course they did. But they were blind to all those clear signs. The truth was right in front of them, but they wouldn't see it. The Hub a lot will be new to him, someone Bookman or new, they are deaf, dumb and blind. As a result, what's going to happen for him late June, they're not going to return. The word urine is on the road. Right? Jim is from the word Roger and Roger is to return
it is to go back to where a person came from. So they will not return where
they will not return to the light.
They were in light, a lot took away their light because of their own sins because of their own wrongdoing.
And then they become deaf, dumb and blind, will they ever return to the light? No. Just imagine a person who is unable to hear unable to speak unable to see if he is going somewhere and if he loses his way, Will he ever get to the destination?
No, for him layer zero, they will not return to the path of guidance. Why will they not returning also, because they think that whatever they are doing is right.
They think that what they are doing is correct.
You see one is that a person realizes the mistakes that he is making?
A person realizes the faults that are within him.
And what does he do then? He tries to
get over those faults he tries to leave them he tries to get rid of them. But if a person thinks that what he is doing is right. Will he ever changes waves? No.
They are deaf, dumb and blind. And they think that whatever they are doing is perfectly fine is perfectly correct. So obviously they're not looking for anything else. They're not looking for guidance. They're not looking for improvement. So for whom Nigerian they're not going to return
earlier we read about them well Merck animal study, they're not rightly guided at all, they're not on the right way at all. So we see that with this group of hypocrites door after door is closed every door to guidance is closed for them. And this is the first group of hypocrites This is the first group of hypocrites those who are hypocrites in their heart. This was the first meaning of the ayah let's look over another meaning of the same
method no one committed a list Okada narrow their example is like that of one who kindled a fire is still further narrow is still called over here it gives the meaning of he asked for a fire to be lift, he asked someone else to light the fire
and if we take this meaning, then the word a lady gives the sense of a levena those who okay remember that in the Arabic language the words man who did the word man earlier which means who similarly the word unloving who they are used for singular, but they can also be used for poor Okay, so when we read a letter so called an hour, it seems to be singular isn't itself but it actually is plural. Because if you continue to read the ayah what happens they have a lot will be naughty him what's that okay home field automatic law you will see rune it turns into them. So, this proves that Allah estacada narrow actually means those who those who asked for a fire to be lit. What does this
show that it is a group of them.
It is a group of them. It is not just a person here or there. It is a group and they ask someone to light the fire for them.
And this fire is also why so that they have protection they have light they can see. So in other words, they express their desire to learn. They express their desire to practice the deen to know about the deen
but it is a group of the hypocrites because they're asking someone to light the fire. So under the so called general phenomena about at mahalo who then when the fire illuminated what was around what happened. The herbalist will be new to you
Allah took away their light. Then their light refers to the light that they kindled.
The light that they lit.
Okay? Nuri him their light refers to which light? The light that they can do the light that they lit. What was that? Like?
What was that like the desire to learn about the deen?
So Allah subhana wa tada took away their light. What are aka homefield donatien, valuable saloon and he left them in darknesses and they were unable to see. And as a result, they were someone Bookman omean homeline Giroux, they are deaf, dumb and blind, and they will not return.
The next day is a bit long. Let's listen to the recitation of just these verses.
Method Luca method, ladies
Did you notice something?
He can hold the fire or he requested that fire should be lit.
Then Allah says, Allah, Allah, Allah. Allah will be no Rahim. Allah took away their light, not the fire.
What does that show
that their ability was taken away. The light of Islam is still there.
It's not that Islam was extinguished. It's their light which was taken away their ability which was taken away. And what is also what taraka home any left them What does that show?
What does that show? Allah left them? Allah abandoned them. What does that show?
A lot of times Allah will not guide them. What else does that show? Tanaka home he has abandoned them. Allah doesn't care for them. You leave something you abandon it when you don't care for it.
taraka he left them. It also shows that the hypocrite does not have the help of Allah.
He does not have the support of Allah.
He is abandoned by Allah. Without aka homefield, Lulu. Matt. He leaves them in darknesses. Why is it darkness is and not just darkness?
Why is it multiple darknesses? Why is it many darknesses? I'm asking, why isn't it just he left them in darkness? Why is it? He left them in many darknesses? What are the many darkness is referred to?
It shows the intensity of the darkness.
You see, if you are in dark?
eventually you get used to the dark, isn't it? And you can still see just a little bit, isn't it. But if the light is turned on, and the light is turned off, what happens right after the light is turned off, you're unable to see it's completely dark for you. So telecom fields will not and why they were in dark, then there was light, and then the light was taken away. As a result. They were in complete darkness. So it shows the intensity of the darkness that they were in.
Also roomette darkness says implies that they weren't just one thing that was wrong, but they're indulging many wrong things.
So Tara can feel automatic, liable soon, they do not see at all.
But remember, this example is those hypocrites who in their hearts are not believers at all. They know that they're not believers. They're pretending to be believers, only
people who outwardly display email, but in their hearts, they're not believers. The second example is of those people who are believers, but you know, they have hypocrisy in their ways in their actions.
The first thing is that we do not have the authority to say this person is a hypocrite. This person is this type of hypocrite, this person, this person is this person, okay? We do not have the authority to do that. A lot of panels Allah knows the actual reality of people. We are only to deal with them outwardly. If a person you tell them they don't listen, you tell them again. They don't listen to you tell them again they don't listen.
Should you say oh my god therapists hypocrites. That's it. I'm not going to talk to them again. They're deaf, dumb, blind, absolute. They're not listening. They're not comprehending
No, Fern, how can I do that? You see, the profits are allowed a sudden there were so many hypocrites that lived in Medina have to live and obey. So many times or model Delano asked, give me the permission to kill this person, what are the profits or loss of them say, No,
don't kill him.
Don't kill him. And the prophets are lighter Southern and the other believers they kept on advising him, his own son would advise him.
So our job is to continue to remind, continue to advise. If we ever come across such characteristics in people, our job is to just continue to remind our job is not to judge, okay? And our job is also to pray for them. And remember that whenever you're studying these verses, always think about yourself. Always think about yourself, these examples are given for us to analyze ourselves. Do I do anything like this? When Allah soprano data sends, you know, when he shows me the light when he shows me what right is what wrong is? What is my behavior? What is my attitude? Do I close my eyes do it? Do I pretend as if it doesn't exist?
If I do that is something very dangerous. So from everything that you study in the Quran, take questions for yourself, analyze yourself. So to summarize the first example of the hypocrites that we studied. It is about the first group of hypocrites who are disbelievers in their heart, but they only show outward, amen. And they are such hypocrites who are hypocrites in their appeal in their belief. So their example is like those who were in darkness, they were in unbelief. And then there was light. In other words, they showed their desire to learn the deen to know about the deen. But soon after the light was taken away, the light was extinguished. And as a result, they went back
into the state of darkness, they went back into the state of unbelief. So there was the darkness of [???]. There was light of Islam, things became clear, but soon after, they relapsed into their disbelief, but continued to show themselves as believers, because if they wouldn't, if they don't, then what's going to happen?
They're not going to benefit as the other Muslims benefit.
The next is they talk about or they give the example about the second group of hypocrites, who sometimes know the truth and doubt it other times it is about those people who are also hypocrites, Allah subhanaw taala says, Oh Casa ubin or it is like a rainstorm, what is like a rainstorm? There example. Because the previous I began with method to whom can method D there example is like that have one who these is begin with, oh Casa ye been or it is like a rainstorm. So the word Oh, it means or, but it doesn't always convey the meaning of or sometimes it gives the meaning of end.
It gives the meaning of and as well as,
and other times it shows variety.
It shows then we're so over here. Oh, casa, you've been Oh has been understood as and their example is such and such. Or it has been understood as or another example, or an example of another type of hypocrites is such and such. Guess why even like a downpour, we have done the word cat earlier it means like, just as similar to and the word sight here is from the roof letters solid? Well, but
it is from the letters solid? Well.
So literally is when something reaches or hits the target. When something reaches or hits the target, it reaches where it should reach it hits where it should hit.
Like, for example, getting a dart in the bull's eye. Okay, what is it? So to hit the target to hit where one should hit?
from the same root is the word Muslim? Have you heard of the word mostly? What does that mean? a calamity. A problem? A disaster. Why? Why is it called masiva because it only hits you or it only hits or it only strikes where it should strike where it was meant to strike. Okay. And the word sight tube which you see over here, say it is used for heavy rain. A heavy downpour. What does it have?
Heavy rain or heavy downpour, but in particular it is such heavy rain that is accompanied with a lot of thunder
downpour rain heavy rain that is accompanied with what a lot of thunder and lightning So just imagine a rainstorm a storm so oh cuz I even like a downpour like a heavy rain. Minnesota. from the sky. A summer is from the roof letters seen me well see me well. So literally means height. And the word summer is used for Skype. But remember that the Arabic word summer does not just refer to the blue sky that we see above us. Summer is anything that is above you and it covers you. Anything that is above you. And it also covers you. So the word summer is used for the sky. It is also used for clouds and it is also used for a ceiling roof.
Summer is used for anything that is above and anything that covers from above. So okay, so you've been in a summer or a heavy rain or rainstorm from the sky. What does it mean by from the sky, meaning heavy rain pouring down from the clouds that are up there in the sky.
In this heavy rain Allah says fee in it meaning in the downpour in the heavy rain. There is what there are Luma tone there are darknesses we have done the word photomath earlier which is a plural of Luma and Voldemort is plural so it shows layers of darkness. And if you think of it, what is darkness?
What is darkness? How would you explain darkness?
absence of light when there is no light
so feeling a little metal in the rainstorm there are many darknesses What are these darkness is referring to
these darknesses Just imagine a rainstorm. It is dark right? So first of all the darkness is because of the night.
Secondly the darkness is because of the clouds that cover up the sky. And thirdly the darkness is also because of the heavy rain. Sometimes during daytime. If there is a storm what happens what happens
the visibility is not that great because of the heavy rain because of the clouds. Now just imagine there is also night it is also nighttime. So Lumet, darkness layer upon layer. Physically, literally what is it? Luna math refers to the darkness of the night the clouds as well as the rainstorm. So there is Luna met What else is there in the storm? Allah says what are the thunder? rod is from the roof letters raw.
And Earth is the sound of thunder. What is the sound of thunder?
The sound of thunder that follows a flash of lightning.
The sound of thunder that follows a flash of lightning and the word red literally means movement.
Literally What does it mean movement?
When you hear thunder, what happens?
Your heart moves your heart shakes, it terrifies people. So there is Lulu math. There is also thunder and there is also a loss as well. And lightning bug is from the root letters bad raw cough
that broke off and bark is the flash of light. It is the lightning
that is produced in a storm and that is visible in the sky in the clouds up in the horizon.
Okay, bark is what the flash of lightning or the lightning that is in the storm and is visible were up in the sky in the clouds. So can you picture this
heavy rain, a storm
that is heavy rain that is falling down from the sky.
And with this heavy rain with the storm What else is there? darkness, thunder and lightning.
Now what are these things refer to? What is the cycle refer to? What does this amount refer to? What does this little math refer to? What do the right and Bob refer to? Let's look at that. So here is the heavy rain
and the heavy rain refers to the indication is towards the revolution.
that is being sent the commands of Allah soprano data that are being revealed.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam came to Medina brought the light
Soon after what happened? the commands of Islam the laws of Islam were revealed. So heavy rain, one after the other.
in Hades as well as many places in the Quran. Revelation is explained as rain coming from the sky.
Because just as rain brings benefit to us, it is a source of life for us. When rain comes, plants grow there is water we can eat, we can drink if there is no rain, they will be dropped. Right? Isn't that so? people's lives they're dependent on rain. Similarly, spiritually we rely on what
we rely on revelation that also kind of artisans if there was no revelation, we would be dead spiritually.
We will be dead spiritually. So reign over here refers to the commands that are lost the prime data is revealing mean a summer from the sky field Luda marathon in it or darknesses. What does it mean by in it our darkness is this darkness? It refers to the mention of unbelief, the explanation of unbelief? What does the darkness referred to? the mention of unbelief? The explanation of unbelief? What is disbelief? What is this believing in Allah?
How do we learn that? Where do we learn that from? From the revelation from the Quran? You start reading the Quran? five verses down What do you read in alladhina cafo. You learn about Sophia Lulu marathon meaning this revelation clarifies what disbelief is what wrong is what are doing and thunder. What is the thunder referring to the thunder refers to the threat of punishment.
Because just as Thunder strikes, Thunder scares a person similarly, the threat of punishment also scares people.
So in it, there is darkness, there is thunder, and there is also bark There is also lightning, what does the lightning refer to? You see, even if there's a storm in the middle of the night, and if there's lightning, there's a flash of lightning what happens? What happens you can see, even if it's for just a few seconds for a few moments, the entire horizon, the earth around you, everything becomes clear it becomes visible. So the vault the lightning, it refers to the clear arguments. The clear evidence is
as it illuminates the earth as it illuminates the surroundings.
What happens then? Yeah, Dr. Luna, they put the agenda is from Jalla. Jalla is literally to put something it also means to make over here it means they put they insert who does they refer to?
They refers to those people who are in the storm.
Who whose example is being given
the hypocrites. So yadgir are Luna de meaning the people who are in the storm who are the hypocrites, what do they do? They put a Sabra who their fingers where do they put their fingers, then him into their ears. The word a saw there is the plural of his bark, or boar.
There are many singular forms of the word Asahi. So let's say if you open up a dictionary, you know you're interested in finding out more about the words of different age and if you find a different singular form of the word Siv, it doesn't mean that that is wrong and this is right or what I'm telling you is wrong. And that is right. There are 10 different singular forms of the word a soccer.
Soccer it is the plural of the word is bar or sport, or there many other pronunciations as well.
And his bar his finger?
And if so bear
with the cursor underneath his bar.
So what is it finger so they put their fingers feet of any him and then is the plural of the word awesome. And otherness from the root letters. What do you think?
And if they are known Hamza, they are known. And Odin is here. So they put their fingers into their ears doesn't mean they put all their 10 fingers into their ears.
What does it mean by that? They put their fingers Why is the plural form used because they are your anona it is there.
It is a group of the hypocrites. All of them put their fingers in their ear fear than him in their ears. Why do they put their fingers in their ears?
Because they don't want to hear. What does he not want to hear?
tell me the exact word. What do they not want to hear? That's
Thunder. What does the thunder refer to?
What is the thunder refer to? threat of punishment? Remember, it's not just punishment, what is it? threat of punishment?
So when they hear the threat of punishment, what do they do? They put their fingers into their ears. They put their fingers into their ears so that they do not listen to the revelation so that they don't listen to the Quran. But tell me something. If you just put your fingers into your ears in a storm, is it going to save you from the rain?
Instead of taking an umbrella if you say I'll just put my fingers in my ears? Is it going to save you from the rain? No. Is it going to save you from lightning? If May Allah protect every one of us if it was to strike a person putting the fingers in their ears? Is it going to protect a person from lightning? No, they put their fingers in their ears. Why? meaner solaric from the Thunderbolts min min over here gives a sense of because against to save themselves from this away. So why is the plural of the word saw?
saw you and sorry, is when the letters sawed off.
Sorry, literally means to faint. What does it mean to faint to become unconscious?
Many times people become unconscious when they hear something that is very loud, like for example a blast or something like that. Right? So sorry, quite literally is too faint to become unconscious. And the word Sarika is a thunderbolt. It refers to the Thunderbolt that falls on the earth and causes destruction and death. What is this article, Thunderbolt that strikes the earth that falls upon the surface of the earth. And what does it do? It causes destruction, death, it burns.
This is what asaka is, which is why the word cyber in the Quran is also used for punishment. Because if you think about it, the end is the same. What is the end destruction? That samina solaria, from the solaric they do not want to listen to the rock to the thunder to the solaric to the revelation. So what do they do they just put their fingers in their ears. Why? Heather on moats due to fear of death, the word Heather is from the letters have then raw
hair then and Heather. Heather is used for fear, but what kind of fear is it is a fear in which a person is trying to save himself from something.
It is a fear in which a person is taking precaution. He is very cautious.
Okay, we acquire is to take a shield, right in the core requires to take a shield. And Heather is to fear and become cautious to become careful to be aware to avoid something. So Heather due to fear of what and most of the deaths. So out of fear of death. What do they do? They just put their fingers in the ears. But is it going to save them from that? Putting the fingers in their ears? Is it going to save them from that? No, it's not. Now the question is, what do the sower prefer to what is the Thunderbolts referred to? It is said that the Thunderbolts in this example, it refers to the commands
that may seem very difficult.
That may seem very difficult, for example, at the time of the prophet SAW the Lotus oven, participating in a battle.
Was that difficult?
Of course, it was considering that the Muslims were very few in number. They didn't have much armor. Right. So So while it was difficult comments, similarly, giving the path
They felt as though it was a thunderbolt that was going to destroy them that was going to kill them that was going to finish them. They felt as though if they were to obey that particular command, that was it, their life was going to be over. So you had your aluna or sabia houfy as any minister where he had all mode due to fear of death.
And if you think about it, the hypocrites they put the fingers in their ears at the sound of at the sound of thunder, right? What was thunder, the threat of punishment. Now why is it that they think that every threat of punishment is against them?
Why do they think like that?
Exactly. Because they know they're wrong. There is guilt in the heart. We learn in the Quran, Allah Subhana Allah says yes
Savannah coolessay has been earning him. They think that every shout is against them. They think that every shout every crime, every scream is against them. You see a person who is guilty, a person who is doing something wrong. Let's say they're alone, they're doing something wrong and just happen to go by them. All of a sudden, what's going to happen?
You weren't looking for them. You weren't going to catch them?
What's going to happen? What is their reaction going to be? Immediately they're going to be terrified. They're going to become scared. Why? It's the guilt in the heart. It's the awareness of the heart that what I'm doing is wrong. So similarly, when they heard the threat of punishment, immediately what happened? They would become terrified, they would become scared. So you had your aluna or savera movie any minister where he had an emote, Allah says, We're long mohito but Allah encompasses who will caffeine with the disbelievers. The word mohib is from the letters have well thought.
It is from the letters have well thought, health and health is to encircle something. What has helped me to encircle something, and in particular, it is to encircle something from all sides.
to enclose something to encircle something from all sides, the word is also used for building a wall around something, a boundary wall around something.
So Allah is Mohit, Allah encompasses, he is one who encompasses one who encircled the disbelievers, what does it mean by Mohit over here, Mohit is understood in two ways that first of all, Allah subhanaw taala encompasses them their state,
in his knowledge, so what does it mean? That all of their actions, everything they do, everything they say, everything that they think about,
it is known to
have also panel data in circles all of it all of their actions, with what with his knowledge, he is aware.
Secondly, it also means that he has encircled them completely how with his power with his ability.
So what does he mean by that?
What does he mean by that, that allies and circle them with this power, they cannot escape his plan. They cannot escape his decision.
They cannot escape him.
So how is this relevant in the context
they're trying to put their fingers in their ears, they're scared inside. They're trying to not follow the commands. So their fear, their precaution is not going to help them at all. Their fear they're putting your fingers in their ears is not going to help them at all. They are in his grasp and under his power, will love him or halen will carefully now notice over here the word caffeine has been used, what does it refer to?
Who is being spoken up in the context? The hypocrites, why are they called Catherine?
Why are they called Catherine? Why are they called disbelievers?
You see coffee is of different types. There are several types of coffee. One is major coffee
and one is minor.
Major conferences like for example, one is that a person outwardly says he does not believe.
Outwardly the person says he does not believe
he disbelieves outright. So this is the preferred This is the disbelief of denial of projection.
Another type of golfer is is that of arrogance.
Another type of COVID is that of arrogance. What does it mean by that? that a person knows what the truth is? But he's too arrogant to submit to it.
He is too arrogant to accept it. Can you think of an example?
If lease, if lease, he was in the company of the angels, you know about the story, right? He wasn't the company of the angels.
Allah subhanaw taala instructed him to go straight to Adam. But what did he do? He refused and Allah says was stuck bada and he was arrogant. What can I mean no caffeine and he was of those disbelief. How was he a disbeliever?
Did he not accept the truth? He knew the truth. He just did not accept it he did not submit to it. Another type of golfer is that of doubt and suspicion.
Another type of golfer is that of doubt and suspicion in which a person doubts
The six articles of faith.
This is all major.
So the third is in which a person doubts or lacks conviction in the six articles of faith, and the person doesn't care to find out.
The person doesn't care to find it. And another type of cover is that of turning away,
turning away from the truth knowingly.
Another type of cover is that of hypocrisy,
which is what is mentioned over here.
Because a hypocrite is well, what is he doing? He says he believes but he shows he demonstrates gopher in his actions. Right? He demonstrates denial through his actions. So over here when Allah subhanaw taala calls him caffeine, what does he mean by caffeine over here? He has the word, hypocrites, but they claim to believe in their actions. There is denial. There is disbelief. So what does it show to us that our last panel data he does not look at? What
he doesn't look at your appearance,
your wealth, but rather what does he look at? The hearts the actions, so they're called caffeine. Why? Because they did the actions of coffee. So a lot of them were hated with caffeine. Alize, encompassing those who disbelieved?
Yeah, Kevin Baku.
The lightning is near the lightning, almost the word you can do is from the letters gaff? Well, then it is from the letters gaff. Well, that
gather is when something almost happens. When something
almost happens. It is about to happen, but it doesn't actually happen. Okay, it is at the verge of happening, but it doesn't actually happen. So yeah, cuddlebug coup, the lightning is about to it, almost it is at the verge of it is at the verge of doing what? Yes, the full episode of home that it snatches away their vision, their sights, the word suffers from the root letters call for
it is from the root letters call for hot and hot is to snatch something away quickly, swiftly. What does that mean? What does it mean? to snatch something away? Quickly, swiftly? So yes, it is about to snatch away. It is about to take away it is about to seize away? What episode on their sights. upside is a plural of bustle. What does it mean by this? What is the lightning referred to
the lightning refers to the commands that are in the Quran, the commands that are lost panel data sense. So it is about a snatch away their sight? How? Why? You see, when there is a storm, and there is lightning? What are you told?
Stay inside or don't look at the lightning, right? Similarly, if the sun is very bright, should you look at it directly? No, you shouldn't. Why? Because it can affect your eyesight. It can affect your vision. Right. And if a person already has weak vision, if his eyes are already weak, what's going to happen? They're going to become weaker. So you can either burpo yourself or absorb what it means is that
the lightning is going to take away their vision. Why because their vision is already weak, and the light is extremely bright. The light of Islam is extremely bright, but their vision is weak.
Coloma every time whenever Coloma gives a meaning of each and every single time without exception, about Allah whom it illuminated for them. What illuminated for them we have done the word about before the lightning, okay, the bark. Every time there is a flash of lightning and the surroundings are illuminated. What happens? My show fee, they walked in it. The word My show is from the letters named Shinya and mushiya is to walk and is used for normal walking not too fast, not too slow, but just walking normally. So they walk in it. What does it mean by this?
Every time that there is a command that is easy, that they agree with. They find that they don't really have to sacrifice anything. It's not that difficult. What do they do? What do they do? They walk a little bit. they obey a little bit. They follow those commands a little bit. Every time there is light. Every time there is ease. Every time they find it easy. What do they do they accept it. They
Do it What? Either aluminum or aluminum. But when it became dark upon them, what does it mean by that? When there are commands that they find very difficult when they're commands that they do not agree with? What do they do? Oh, they stood the word Congress from newsletters of Well, me. So what does it show? That the hypocrite only takes the team? When only follows the dean when, when it is easy and convenient?
As soon as there's a little bit of difficulty even what does he do? He stops, he leaves it. Why? Because he is not committed. The Dean is not his priority.
The Dean is not his priority. Now over here, all of us have to check ourselves as well. Which commands do I follow? Which commands do I not follow? Is it only those that find easy and simple, convenient, so I do them and if anything I find inconvenient if I find it inconvenient to pray. I don't pray. If I'm too sleepy, it's very difficult to get up. I said, Forget it. I want Bradley's appraisal on some of Russia. Four out of five. That's a good number.
No, this is a sign of hypocrisy. This is hypocritical behavior.
Coloma Otto Allahumma Shafi what either of them are they him como? What does Allah say? One Oh sha Allah and if Allah willed leatherby summary him What are beside him shorty, he would take away their hearing and their sights. Allah subhanaw taala can take away their hearing and their sights, but he hasn't. What does this show
that if a person continues to be in such a state, where his vision is weak, and you know there is lightning and he's exposed to such things, what happens? Eventually, his sight, his vision is going to finish, it is going to go away. So if they continue to be the same in their faith, eventually they're going to lose their faith completely.
So what does it show that when a person is not fully committed to his Deen, then he is vulnerable?
He could lose his faith, while OSHA Allahu leatherby, Sumerian, whatever, sorry, and he could take away their hearing and their sights.
In Allah or their coalition, encoded Indeed Allah is able over everything, the name of Allah soprano, dada Cody is from the root letters of Del Oro, from the word qudra for the squadron, do you know
Cobra, ability, power. So he is Cody, meaning he has the ability and he has the power over everything in anything that he wants to do.
He is karate, he is powerful, he is able also from the same root cause of the law, you get the meaning of kata, which is to plan.
What does it mean to plan for something? So Paddy is one who plans First of all, one who has power and ability. Secondly, one who plans over here, what's the relevant meaning? That he has the power and ability over everything meaning he can take away these abilities from them as well. If he wants if they don't use them? That's the recitation.