Sahih al Bukhari – Kitab al Adab #32

Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair


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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah al Karim rubbish roughly sorry were silly emri Washington rock data melissani yufka who Cali Allahumma de Colby was sadly sunny what suits him at the Colby I mean your bill alameen keytab will other Sahiba hurry inshallah, we will begin from Bab number 89 which is BB a krummel kbT way of the UK barbil kalami was so early it Cromwell kabiri honoring the elders way of the UK barbell column and the eldest person should be should be the one to begin the speech meaning the eldest person should be the one to speak first was so al and also be the first one to ask. Now over here, because this is

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capable of and part of good manners is to respect the elders. This is why Mambo Hari is discussing this topic over here. And it is important for us to understand what the word Kebede and a couple mean over here. Remember that the word kobiet. And aka literally kobiet is one who is greater a Kabbalah is greater or greatest. And this could be of course an age in status in knowledge. But what is meant over here specifically is when someone is older, meaning in age, so a couple facin meaning those people who are older in age, then it is necessary that we honor them. This is a part of Islamic etiquette. And it is also you know, part of honoring them that in a gathering where there

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are, you know, lots of people, then the eldest person gets to speak first, and the eldest person also gets to ask first. So remember that respecting the elders is a part of our religion. It is part of the other the etiquette that Islam teaches us. And the eldest has the right to speak first to ask first, and those who are older are to be given a preference over those who are younger. And this is of course, in general terms. When you know people there are certain matters in which we see that, you know, it's not the age because of which a person is to be honored. Rather, it is a person's knowledge. For example, when it comes to leading people in prayer, that of course it is the person

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who has more knowledge of the Quran, who is to lead the people in prayer. So, we see over here that part of honoring the elders is to let them speak first, and let them be the first to ask. So let's look at the Hadees over here had this in a suit a man with no Harbin had death in a hammock who had no zaidan or near Hackney, sorry then on boosh ative Nia sad in molan Ansari and raffia myka. dejan was saladna behalf mutter, under whom I had the third who and Abdullah Huebner saralyn one more her year sort of Nemesis rudan. So there's two people who are there of the livened set her and more how you saw even less rude. So these two men what happened is that at a high bar, they both went to high

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bar for coffee naturally, and they both parted their ways. When they were amongst the dead palm trees, meaning one went in one direction the other went in another direction. For cotulla Abdullah hypno saralyn and Abdullah bin Sahil meaning one of these two men he was killed for job the rock man he blew sahelian were hawaiiusa to one more he used to sew up the rock man even sir Who Who was the brother of the person who had been killed and who else more how useful and who were useful. These two men who were the two ignoramus or the one who were the two sons of Miss Ruth, they came Elan Nabi sallallahu, alayhi wasallam they came to the Prophet sallallahu are they he was selling them

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for the color movie Emery sahibi him and they all of them spoke to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam regarding the case of their companion which companion their companion or the live inside who had been

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killed. So what happened for better or the rock man? So are the rock man even Sahil? He began, meaning he is the one who who spoke first. What can us a little comi while he was the youngest of all the people that were present over there for Colin abou sallallahu alayhi wa sallam so the prophets of Allah who already he was send them said, capital Cobra, give regard to age, a capital Cobra meaning consider the eldest to be the eldest meaning let the eldest person speak first. Allah you hear li le l camel, a kebab. So you hear the narrator he explained that what the Prophet salallahu Urdu said lament is that the eldest should be the first to speak. So what happened for the

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color movie Embrey sahibi him so the eldest spoke and the rest of the people also, you know, they told the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam regarding the matter of their companion who had been killed for colon abuse sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, at this the Hakuna katella comb. Alcala Sahiba can be a man he has seen him income, that do you demand the right of your murdered men or your companion by 50? of olts? Meaning Would you do that by taking 50 oaths? Fallujah, rasulillah, Imran Lam Nara who they said, O Messenger of Allah, this is a matter which we did not see with our own eyes, meaning Yes, he was killed, but how can 50

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of us take oaths that you know so and so killed him when we did not see him being killed with our own eyes? Carla so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, For to bring uqam Yahoo doofy A Manny from Siena main home. He said, then the Jews can clear themselves by 50 men taking an oath, meaning they will not accept your accusation. Fallujah, rasulillah common kofod they said O Messenger of Allah, they're a non believing people anyway. ferwerda home Rasulullah he sallallahu alayhi wa selama min peba Li. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself gave the blood money to them meaning to the heirs of the deceased, who was of course these people who had come

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Carla sat alone for a dog to Nakata min min tilcon eBill. So Sal said that I got to I got one of the camels from the camels that were given his blood money for the hunt to mitarbeitern la Han for Raka Watney bridge leha he said that I entered a you know the the camel pen where the camels were and one of the camels actually, you know, kicked me with its leg aldolase who had this idea here and bush Aden and Salim Kalia here has said to a new column or offered me her dejan will call up Noriega to her death and I are here and blue shading unsettling why the whole

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so some detail regarding the narration of mumble hottie is bringing over here now in this Hadees What is interesting is that this long Hadith and mumble hottie has brought here to prove that the eldest gets to speak first. Why? Because when these three people came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the youngest, you know, spoke first the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, capital Cobra. And so this is the main reason why Mambo Hari has brought this Hadees over here. Now, there's something very interesting mentioned in this hadith. And I feel it's very important for us to understand. First of all, try to understand the story. What happened here is

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that from other nations, we learned that after labor was conquered, and remember that in Cuba, it was the Jews who used to live. What happened is that our 11 Sahel and mohe. You saw both of them, they went to hybrid, and they were together, but then they separated to perform their duties related to the palm trees. And when Mohammed Hassan returned to where of the love was, he found, Abdullah killed and drenched in his blood. So it was very obvious that he had been killed, but who killed him in Ohio, of course, did not know he was not present over there. So what did I do? He just buried him and he returned to Medina. And then, of course, a little commanded and Sahaja, who was the brother

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of the victim, and how you saw his brother, they all went to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to ask him as to what should be done. So who exactly killed Abdullah? It's we don't know. It's it's not mentioned the family did not know. But where was he killed? He was killed in the land of the Jews. So you could say that this was a case of perfect crime, right, or undetected homicide, basically a murder that is attributed to an identifiable perpetrator. Meaning it's a case of murder which which is unsolved and really cannot be solved because you cannot find the killer. So in a case like this, remember that Kasama is used. Okay? Kasama and what is a sama?

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sama is basically, as you can tell from the word it is from person, which is to take oath, right to take oaths. Now, this was a tradition that existed pre Islam, also the Arabs practice this and Islam upheld this.

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The thing is that, in our religion, we see that human life has a lot of value, right? So when a person is killed, then, you know, their their blood is not to be shed in vain. And it's not fair that a human being is killed, and no one is, you know, held responsible for that. And he who is guilty of this, and even if you cannot find the murder, even if you cannot, you know, punish the criminal, the family of the deceased still needs justice, right, they still need some kind of closure, they need to have some, some sense of justice, some sense of fairness, even though any, there's nothing at all that can compensate for, you know, the life that has been lost, but at least

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there should be some kind of, you know, feeling that Okay, we have not been, you know, deprived over here. So, this is where Kasama works. Now, how exactly does Asana work? Remember that this is an entire law, and our class is not on on law. But in a nutshell, Asana is basically about taking oaths. All right, and in the Hadees, we see that there's 50 volts. Now think about this case, where someone has been killed. And the criminal or the killer is not known. Okay. So now, basically, we have two parties, okay. The first party is of the plaintiff, all right, which is the heirs of the murdered person. And the other party is of the defendants who, who is, you know, the suspect, it

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could be one or more, or the people who live in the vicinity where the murder happened, or where the body was found. Okay. So what happens is that the plaintiffs, meaning the heirs, the family of the deceased, they bring forward 50 oaths, okay, 50 oaths 50 odds for what that murder was committed by the suspects, or that the murder was committed by the people in whose you know, locality where the body was found. Now, these 50 oaths can be by 50 people, or it can be by less than 50 people, but it has to be a total of 50 or so. And, of course, there's a lot of discussion on, you know, how many people how many olds, but there's a total of 50 oaths, and why 50 because the idea is that, you

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know, 50 oaths would mean that a person cannot lie, right? If they have any fear of Allah, they will not lie. And we see over here that when these people who brought the case to the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, when he asked them, that, would you would you bring 50 men? Or would you take 50 olds, they said, this is a matter that we did not see with our own eyes, meaning we cannot take these oaths, all right. But if if the plaintiff, you know, the E t takes 50 volts or the side of the the plaintiffs meaning, meaning the heirs of the deceased, if they take the olts, then what happens is that the suspect is guilty. All right, or, or the people who have been accused, who are the

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people in, you know, in whose area the body was found in whose area the murder happened, those people basically are now guilty. And what that means is that they have to pay the blood money, okay? The blood money has to be given to the heirs of the victim. However, it's quite possible that they're completely innocent, that they have no no role whatsoever in the in that murder. You know, it's possible that the murder happened somewhere else in the body was just thrown in the in their, in their streets, or the person who was being suspected of the crime did not actually commit the crime. So in that case, what happens is that the defendants now can also take 50 oaths to say that

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we did not commit the murder and we do not know who the murderer is, okay. So, then what happens is that now, the blood money will be given to the heirs of the deceased by who, from the baitul mal, which is exactly what we see over here, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam he gave the blood money to the heirs off of the law, right? Why? Because remember that the is that the law is is on the side of the victim. All right. The law is always

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You know going to side with the victim. And in the Quran also we learned that even when a person is taking revenge, then you should not go to the side of injustice for use referral portal. Why? Because in the whole canon surah because he is actually being helped the law is working in his favor. And this is why we see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the one who gave the blood money to the heirs off of the la de la harnell. So we see that in the case mentioned in the Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam asked the brother and the heirs of the victim to take the oaths against the Jews, why the Jews because it was in their locality where the murder happened

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where the body was found. And the family refused, because they said we did not see it with our own eyes. And this was their taqwa. Right. And there was also no point because the Jews were not Muslim. And even though Kasama is something that was practiced at the time, it was very likely that they would take those 15 year olds in return to absolve themselves.

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Now, what is interesting over here is that the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam did not ask the family of the victim to be patient, right? He did not tell them just forgive, you know, God knows. And you just wait till the Day of Judgment to find justice? No, he gave them an option, right? He gave them an option that okay, you bring forward 50 volts, but out of their fear of Allah, they did not want to take the old so then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself made the payment of the blood money, meaning it came from the beta man. And remember that when it comes to blood money, it is 100 camels. Okay, it is 100 camels, which is easily about half a million dollars, if not more.

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So, a very interesting Hades, lots of lessons to be learned. And remember, Holly brings his Heidi's over here to show that when when, when there's a group of people, then the eldest has the right to speak first. And this is something that we should be cognizant of. Unfortunately, it is the eldest who are not given much importance. In fact, people generally will disrespect them, even in a workplace, you know, where people are sitting together, then the eldest, you know, people don't want to listen to the elderly. People don't want to show them appropriate respect. And this is against the other that our Dean teachers are. So whether it is in our family, or it is in a workplace, or it

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is at a social gathering, any place where someone is visibly older in age, then they should be respected. And part of that respect is that let them speak first. And it's also you know, very beneficial actually, because when you let them speak first, then remember that they're speaking from their experience with their wisdom with their knowledge. And then of course, you can say whatever you have to say, it's not that only the elder people speak, the younger people also get to speak but it's just about, you know, giving people

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the status that they deserve and the respect that they deserve. However, this doesn't mean that a younger person can never speak first. When there's a group of people and someone has been appointed as their representative and if that representative happens to be a younger person, that's perfectly fine. He can speak on on everyone's behalf and that is perfectly fine. So beautiful. Hadeeth lots to be learned. Let's look at the next Heidi's had this an ammo said they don't have this Anya here on Obaidullah had this an interferon or any of neuroma. rhodiola more in Houma on Apollo Sula, he sallallahu Ernie he was said lemma be Rooney be shadow Ratan Mathur Lucha methylone Muslim.

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So Abdullah in our modal dialogue more on who reported that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he once asked the companions that tell me about a tree, which is like a Muslim, meaning it's example is like that of a Muslim meaning it's similar to a Muslim. How is it similar to a Muslim, that t bucola. Hair Color Hainan B is near a beha it produces its fruit all the time, by the permission of its Lord. meaning there's a particular tree that is evergreen all year round. It's it produces fruit. And it only produces fruit by the permission of its Lord. When at the hook to what aha and its leaves do not fall meaning in the winter, its leaves do not fall it's an evergreen tree. So

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which tree is this? So now imagine the Prophet sallallahu earlier said and put this question before the companions and the companions are thinking and they're giving their suggestions, whatever it is, you know that that came to their mind. And amongst the people over there is a blebbing Omar who at the time was very

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Young so he said for walk RF enough see an ohana hula for walk RF enough see so there occurred in my in my knifes, you know, in my mind, I thought that it is the date palm tree.

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However fuckery to an ethical dilemma, I disliked to speak with some Abubakar in Walmart, because right there were Abu Bakar and Roman. And if Abu Bakar and Omar did not come up with the fact that this was you know, if it did not cross their mind that this tree is the date palm tree and they're silent. Then how can I speak? So the Lebanon Oman even though he had you know, he had he thought that this was the day palm tree. He was shy to speak for my lemmya Taka Lama. So when they did not speak, meaning nobody gave the answer on an EBU sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said he had no color to it is the day palm tree. Fela Maharaj Tamara Irby so when I

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left with my father, well to get a better I said, Oh Father, well, my father woke our if enough see an ohana. I really thought that this was the date palm tree. I knew the answer on a man monarca intercooler. Ha. He said then what prevented you from saying it Meaning what? Why didn't you say it? Low contact with the heck Can I have the La yaman kadowaki? If you had said it, meaning if you gave the answer when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked, then that would be more beloved to me than such and such phenomena I need Illa a neat lamb urraca What are abubaker in the column tumor? He said that nothing prevented me except that I didn't see you or aboubaker say anything fuckery

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too. So I also dislike to speak meaning if you were silent, then how could I speak? So over here and mumble hottie is bringing this Heidi's and you can see the the relationship over here. I mean, it's very obvious that even Armando de la Mourinho from his action, we can see that he he remained quiet, even though he knew the answer, but he remained quiet out of respect for the elders who were present in that gathering. And Who were they? Of course, it was abubaker and or moto villamor. In Houma. However, we see that from the responses or model de la Mourinho that if even remote spoke, and he gave the answer, then it would not be disrespectful, it would not be wrong. So we see that in

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general, of course, any if there are elders present, then you don't interrupt them, you don't speak before them, you let them speak first. However, if a younger person has knowledge, then it is correct for them to speak. Right? Because it just because someone is older than you, you know, in age, it doesn't mean that they know better than you. However, even if you know more, even if you know better

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still be respectful in in the way that you speak before your elders, you should never come across as you know, as you know, someone who's bragging about their knowledge that Oh, I know more than you I know better than you. In fact, in front of certain elders, for example, you know your own parents, or for example your in laws or you know, your grandparents, you know, people who who deserve that respect from you, then in front of them, you should act like you You don't know anything. And meaning don't go on bragging about your knowledge all the time. Don't go on condemning them, this is right, this is wrong. And this is not okay, this is the left was sunan don't don't go on using big

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words around them as if to show off your knowledge. This is this is a sign of arrogance. Remember that knowledge is something that makes a person humble. Right? And knowledge a symbol is something that should make a person exhibit a lot of humility in their behavior and in their in their manner. Right. Especially

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today towards those who are closest to them. You know, in the Quran, we are taught that before our parents, what should we do? Well, for the love woman, Jenna had Dooley right that lower your wing before them, lower your wing before them. And what this means is that you see as long as a bird is flying in the sky, its wings are outspread right and its wings are only spread when it's flying. It's it's high, it's above you. But when a bird lands, it comes down, it comes to the ground, its wings are no longer spread open, they're closed. So basically what is meant is don't try to keep yourself high up there. Alright, lower yourself before your parents. So he

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Even when you know what is right, even when you know, you know, much better than them still exhibit humility, let them speak first. And you will see that because of your humility and because of your manner, because of your softness, people will want to know from you people will want to learn from you. So then they will ask you, and it's much better to speak when you are asked than to, you know, go on lecturing and bragging about your knowledge all of the time. So, we see over here that even our model de la Horne who he was very humble he was, he was quiet, even though he knew the answer. And then we see that because the topic over here is about respecting the elders. Remember that

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respecting the elders is from our religion, the Prophet sallallahu Ernie who was send them said, millennia ham salir on our way, our helper cabbie Ronna, fillet samina, that whoever is not compassionate to the, to our young, meaning our children, whoever is not compassionate towards them. And so he doesn't just mean you know, little children sullied can also be you know, someone who is younger than you, because sometimes what happens is that people who are older, or who have more experience are constantly belittling, you know, those of lesser experience or lesser age. So, this is this is contrary to compassion. So malami or hamsterley, run or whoever is not compassionate to

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our young williard, if haka Burana and whoever does not recognize the right of our elders, then such a person is not of us. Meaning then such a person cannot be cannot be from our community, right, meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam completely distanced himself from such an arrogant person, that you know, if you are from this community, and if you are from you know, the people who are close to the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wasallam, then you will show compassion to those who deserve compassion and he and you will show respect to those who deserve that respect.

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So, so, so, this is very important, then I see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he also encouraged us to not just show respect to our elders, in terms of, you know, the way that we speak to them, but also in the way that we welcome them. So, for example, in a heavy sweeter and that once an old man, came to the gathering of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. And he, he wished to reach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, in order to, you know, speak to him. Now, imagine an old man he is walking slowly, but as he was walking, you know, some people were, were sitting over there, standing over there, and they took their time making space for this older person. So you can

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imagine now this old man is just standing waiting, going very slowly, because people are not making way for him. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said at that time, lay some in MLM your ham sillier on our way, you will pick up your honor, that he is not of us, who does not show compassion to our young and does not honor our elders. And then we see that when it comes to the elders, instead of calling them to yourself, it is more respectful that you go to them, they can also come to you, but in you calling them to yourself is disrespect and in you going to them is more respect. So we see that when the father of abubaker Ile de la Horan, who embraced Islam, he, at that time,

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you know, a vocal halfa was his name of hava was really old, so much so that his head, you know, his hair on his head and his beard are completely white. You know, people describe it like a pigeon, like a white pigeon, okay. So people literally had to carry him to bring him to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so that, you know, Abu hanifa would embrace Islam and be with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam but when the Prophet sallallahu earlier sent him saw that he said, No a kurata Shay huffy, Beatty let attainable, he said to Abubakar that if you had kept him, you know in the in his house, we would have come to him, meaning Why did you make him come all the

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way I would have gone to meet him. So this was, you know, a way in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam showed honor to the father of Abu Bakar de la hora, no, but this also shows us that you know, instead of always expecting that your grandparents or your you know, in laws or your parents should come and visit you and come over and that is fine. If they want to do that that's perfectly fine. But instead of always asking them to come over, you should be going over. Why because if they're coming over all the time, is inconvenience for them. And in you're going over there is ease for them.

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So, instead of calling them a person should go to them. And then we see that when there are a lot of different people, then you should begin by serving the elders first. Even our model de la Horne, who said that I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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that once he was, you know, distributing for our little homie, he gave the eldest of the people first, we'll call that in Najib Rila, Amani and Luca bill. And he said that gibreel instructed me that I should begin with the eldest, meaning this is a way of honoring people. And then we see that also when, you know, When, when, when an older person comes in a gathering, then then they should be given, you know, an honorable place to sit in. Also, we see that the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, whenever people would pray together, of almost rhodiola horn, who said that the Prophet sallallahu, earlier seven used to touch our shoulders in prayer, and he would say, keep straight and

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do not be irregular, for there would be dissension in your hearts, meaning make sure that your roles are straight.

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And then he said, Let the old salami one new her, meaning those people who are mature older in age, and who are endowed with understanding, let them be near me, meaning let them be the people who are standing closest to me, meaning in the, in the front rows, and then those who are next to them, and then those who are next to them, and so on and so forth. So the point is that, you know, the elders should be given the best place in a gathering, even in a jamara. Right, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Also, he made that rule, this doesn't mean that young people should not be allowed to sit on chairs, or they should not be allowed to sit in the front rows. Of course, this

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is something that is allowed for them. But when you see, for example, that you're sitting in an older person comes, then you get up and give them your your seat, right, and you might need to sit on a chair. And for you, it might be easier to go find another chair, but for an older person who was walking with the stick, who could easily trip over something and hurt themselves. And, you know, their recovery would take much longer than yours. There, you know, there's greater hardship for them than it is necessary that you give them preference over yourself. And then we see that it is also important that we have, you know, hey, out of the elders, we learned that someone had been junda he

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said that I was a young boy during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And I would memorize whatever that I learned from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And nothing prevented me from speaking, except the fact that there were persons far more advanced in age than I, meaning, even though I knew the answers, because I had memorized whatever the Prophet sallallahu earlier said, I'm taught, I would still not give the answers because there were older people present in front of me. So I would let them have a chance and I would consider it to be disruptive, disrespectful, to speak in their presence. And this shows us that really when there are, you know,

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older people around especially elders, then be be appropriate in your speech, right be be respectful in your speech, even your volume, the words that you choose. And then we see that it's also important that we welcome them respectfully our shuttle de la Mourinho said that I never saw anybody more like the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, in their calm in their calmness in their disposition. Then Felton model de la hora meaning she resembled him sallallahu Sallam in manner, the most. And I shall Dylan wherein he explained that whenever Fatima came to visit the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would get up to welcome her. And he would take her by the hand, and

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he would kiss her and he would made her at the end, he would make her sit, where he was sitting. And when he went to visit her, she would get up to welcome him. She would take him by the hand, she would kiss him, and she would make him sit where she was sitting, meaning she would give him his own place to sit in. Right? And and yes, this is the relationship between the father and daughters of Hanalei. It's so beautiful, what we see the father model the long run her, you know, she didn't say, Oh, it's just my dad. Right? This is my father. But she, she showed him so much other Of course, he was the Rasool the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and of course you would respect him. But

00:34:41--> 00:34:59

this also shows us that when there's someone who is older than you and age, then you acknowledge their, you know that they're coming, and you welcome them in an appropriate way. And then we also learn another Hadees that it is out of reverence to Allah in respecting and aged Muslim meaning

00:35:00--> 00:35:13

Respecting an aged Muslim is part of showing reverence to Allah. Right. And also, part of that is to show respect to to Hamad Al Quran being the person who has memorized the Quran

00:35:15--> 00:35:27

even or model de la hora and who also reported that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if there comes to you a man who is respected among his own people, then honor him. So all of these are how these, you know, they show us that,

00:35:29--> 00:35:30

you know, we have to

00:35:32--> 00:36:17

treat people the way that our Dean teaches us to treat them. Sometimes what happens is that in the name of equality, we erase the differences that exist between people. Islam does not erase the differences that exist between people rather, Islam shows us how to honor these differences, how to honor people because of the unique gifts that Allah subhanaw taala has bestowed on them. And this is not a place of you know, bragging or boasting or belittling others. Rather, this is something for which we need to show you know, honor and respect to people. If there's any questions or comments that you would like to make, you can inshallah raise your hand and I can take a few or we can

00:36:17--> 00:36:18

continue inshallah.

00:36:21--> 00:36:22


00:36:40--> 00:37:30

Okay, let's continue on show bad number 90 Bob may have used him in assurity were Rogers he will show that he when are you could a human who now this is a completely different topic, but it's a very interesting topic. And here in this bag yamahai writes my you May or June zoom in a share at what is permissible of poetry, what red jersey and what is permissible of lodges. We'll hear that and also her that meaning her that is also permissible when you call a woman who and that which is disliked of it. Now, it's important that we understand what these words are, first of all, share it. Now what is Sharon shared his poetry well known. Rogers Rogers is what is chanted in war, okay, why

00:37:30--> 00:38:12

to boost the morale of the soldiers. Some say that this is not poetry, but it is a kind of rhyme. And it is called Rogers because Rogers is basically the quivering of a camel. Why because of weakness, what happens is that every time that the camel takes a step forward, its legs quiver. And because of that weakness, what happens is that the steps are also very short. Okay? So, Rogers is basically such rhyme in which the couplets or you could say, the, the, the verse is, is short, okay, it's not long as it is in poetry.

00:38:13--> 00:39:11

And, and because it is short there is it Robin Listen, meaning that the tongue sort of moves a lot, okay. And then the last thing that is mentioned here is who that who that is what is chanted to urge camels, why to move faster, and this is basically what the Arabs would use to make their camels walk fast while traveling. So, whoa, that is a kind of oranges, okay. Or, or it is a kind of sharing, meaning at times, it can be as long at times it can be long, and other times you can actually be short. So, basically, this is different genres off of rhyme, you could say, or of singing. Now, remember how he writes over here, that which is permissible of it, and that which is disliked of it?

00:39:12--> 00:39:59

Which, you know, almost alludes to the fact that certain kinds of poetry are perhaps not permitted. And is that the case? Yes, it is the case. And that is mentioned in the verses that remember, hottie brings over here. The thing is that when it comes to sound, it definitely has an impact on our thinking on our mood on our subconscious. and by extension, our behavior, right, which is why when it comes to music, or when it comes to singing, when it comes to, you know, sound, it can actually be a stimulant, right. And it's not just the sound of musical instruments, but even the sound of the lyrics

00:40:00--> 00:40:51

Write what you hear what you listen to can uplift you, or it can make you really sad. It can make you begin to scream or it can make you cry, it can make you laugh, any, it's amazing how what you listen to, can have such a profound impact on on your thinking. Right? So and not just on human beings but also in animals, because we see that the Arabs would use a certain kind of poetry to make their animals walk fast while traveling. So, here we see that there are certain types of poetry which is permissible and there's other types of poetry which is disliked. So why does someone Buhari say that he brings the eye over here we'll call Lee and the statement of Allah the Exalted meaning

00:40:51--> 00:41:24

the verses from the Quran and these verses are from sort of the sharada were less panel Tara says was sure Oh, yet who whom will one and as for the poet's, it is the misled who follow them. Meaning it is the people who are already misguided that follow the poet's why because it is only a misguided person who will follow another misguided person right? And most of the time when it comes to singers I mean their their goal is not to guide people right with their words that that's not the goal.

00:41:25--> 00:41:59

So what's your honor to be a hula wound and I'm thorough unknown equally Why didn't he or he moon Do you not see how they ramble on in every style? literally what this means is that Do you not see how in every Valley they roam, meaning they go into one Valley and then they go into another Valley and then another Valley and later on we see that Mr. McCauley brings a statement of webinar bass with yellow horn who call it Nora best in fee Cooley Law when your whole boon even our bass said that they delve into every foolish talk meaning

00:42:00--> 00:42:43

even you know the most famous songs Subhana Allah if you were to look at the lyrics if you were to summarize the lyrics, what is being said either it is something very profane, you know, very vulgar, or it is useless it is dirty, any it's it's foolish, right? It's useless. So Anantara unknown frequently Why did he or he moon was unknown Miyako Luna mala for Luna and that they say things which they do not do. And this is something that Allah tala dislikes a lot. So we see that in these three verses. It says, though, poets and poetry is being condemned a great deal, but then it is said illa levina armano, except for those who believe were amilo smiley heart and they do righteous

00:42:43--> 00:43:31

deeds, with a Corolla cathedra and they remember Allah a lot. One does not remember the Malibu limo, and they and they help themselves after they had been wronged meaning they take revenge, what's a Aaron mo larina lol Mo, a Yemen Caliban young collarbone and those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive. So, we see that poetry that is useful or poetry that is free of sin and poetry that is by people who believe who do good, who remember Allah a lot, then such poetry is fine, it is good, why because there because the Eman of such poets is going to be reflected in their poetry, right, their righteous deeds, their remembrance of Allah will be reflected in their

00:43:31--> 00:43:57

poetry and then that poetry will be actually a means of uplifting many other people. So it will be actually beneficial. And then we see that poetry or song that is used to respond to the enemy. That is also permissible. We see that at the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. You know, what people, you know, the, the, the weapon that people had, besides,

00:43:58--> 00:44:00

you know, weapons off,

00:44:01--> 00:44:34

you know, weapons that are used in battle, meaning other ways in which people would attack one another was what it was through poetry. Meaning if you really wanted to attack on other people, you would do that, by, by, by poetry. This was a form of propaganda, you can see, okay, this was their media at the time. So, we see that there was there were a lot of poets who had, you know, said very derogatory things about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, or about the Muslims.

00:44:36--> 00:44:59

So, there were four people amongst the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, who were known for reciting poetry. And these were a bleiben RWA, ha karbonn Malik carbons who hate and Hasani bin sabet Don't you love Mourinho and they use their poetry or their skills to defend Islam right to defend

00:45:00--> 00:45:41

The Muslims do of course defend the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and this kind of poetry was something permissible. In fact, the Prophet sallallaahu Ernie said I'm encouraged and he said to his son and Sabbath, he prayed for him that Allah you will be to help produce that Allah assist him with through her produce meaning with gibreel. So, poetry in and of itself is not something evil, right? It's not something wrong. So it is not correct for us to use, you know, blanket statements like you know, all all singing is wrong or all poetry is wrong. There's a kind of song and poetry which is permissible and another kind of song and poetry which is impermissible and what I mean by song is

00:45:41--> 00:46:25

not what is accompanied by musical instruments that that is a completely different discussion. I'm talking about the words the lyrics, okay. So, there's a kind of that which is permissible and a kind of poetry which is impermissible. So, through these Hadees inshallah, I hope that this matter will become clear. The first Heidi said, Remember Holly brings over here is, had this in Abuja man of Barona. Sure he and his re call it barani, Abu Bakr rebny sorry, called barani Abu Bakr, Abu Abdullah man animal number one of nl Hakka mee ahora who another mandible s wedded near Abdi yahooza akubra, who an OB and a carbon akubra, who under Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a call. So

00:46:25--> 00:47:17

Abdul Rahman even as well. He reported that obey even carb told him that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the min assurity hikma 10 that indeed, from poetry is Hekmatyar, meaning there is wisdom in some poetry. And this is very true. If you look at the words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam He did not say in the sherida that indeed all poetry is like this, he said, some poetry is like that, and this is a very just statement. And this teaches us that we should really refrain from generalizations we should refrain from you know, blanket statements, unless there is something that is mentioned in the Quran. In general terms in the Sunnah in general

00:47:17--> 00:48:19

terms, any of course, we take that as is, but from our own opinion, any we should not generalize things. So in a minute, Sherry hikma. 10 now, what exactly does it mean by hikmah hikma as we know, it means wisdom and it is and this is interpreted as Olam Sadiq Khan meaning there is some poetry which is very true, okay. Meaning it is very true, it is, it is political will help it is in accordance with the truth, it is not filled with lies or with wrong analogies or wrong concepts. Know, there are, you know, concepts that are spoken off in poetry or that are conveyed through poetry which are very meaningful, which are very true. And then hikma has also been interpreted as

00:48:20--> 00:48:25

hikma, you see, wisdom is the ability to, to refrain

00:48:26--> 00:49:22

to to restrain yourself right from from doing what is wrong, or from saying what is wrong. So, hikma can also mean a manner, okay? And manner meaning to prohibit, to stop to prevent. So, there is from poetry qalam meaning such speech, which is so beneficial, that it stops a person from being foolish, meaning it really gets the point across and this is so true, you could listen to lectures, you could read books about you know, certain ideas, and yes, they leave an impact on you, but then you hear one verse of poetry and that leaves a much deeper impact on you, right, through few words, any something is conveyed in such a powerful way that it really touches your soul, it touches your

00:49:22--> 00:49:59

heart, and it really changes you. So, remember that poetry, it is basically a medium right? It is a means and there is a statement which is generally attributed to mama chef theory, which is that a shared who Calum that poetry is like speech, what is good is good and what is bad is bad. Meaning just like all speech is not good. The same way all poetry is not good. Right? There is from speech that which is good. So it is excellent. And just like that, there is some poetry which is excellent.

00:50:00--> 00:50:26

And then there is from speech that which is blameworthy that which is wrong, that which is sinful. And just like that there is in poetry that which is sinful that which is wrong and it should be left. So, basically what we learn from this hadith is that it is not correct for us to, you know, say that all poetry is evil, because some people to panela they become so rigid, you know that, for example,

00:50:27--> 00:50:32

if if the verse of a poet is ever mentioned, they say, oh, why would you bring that,

00:50:33--> 00:51:15

you know, when when the Quran is there is the Quran not enough, of course, Quran is enough, of course, it is excellent. And, of course, no words of any person or being said, or being quoted to show that, you know, they're more important than the Quran. That's not the point over here. The point over here is that there are some expressions of certain of certain people that are very meaningful, that are very impactful, and there is nothing wrong in in benefiting from them. And when we look at the way of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we see that the Prophet sallallahu Urdu said him not only listened to good poetry, but he also recited it, meaning that it was not his

00:51:15--> 00:51:48

own poetry because he was not a poet, but he would at times, recite the poetry of others. So we learned in our holidays about how at a conduct while he was carrying mud from the trenches, he was reciting the poetry of Abdullah and Rwanda. There is a beautiful Hadith in Sahih Bukhari in which we learnt the Buddha it'll do a lot more on who he said that I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the day of hon duck, and he was carrying mud and I saw mud even on his chest.

00:51:50--> 00:52:34

Why? Because he was carrying it just like the rest of the people were because they were digging the trenches. And at that time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Well, who are Yoda Teddy zoo, below jersey Abdullah? That he was reading the Rogers of Abdullah even Rwanda, which was Aloma Lola anti-matter, Dana, while at the Sadako novela. Selena for an Zealands Akina tonight. Elena was a beetle akadama illa cleaner in our the akot bahawa Elena, either Allah do fitness and abena year so the Prophet sallallahu earlier said I'm was reading it out loud. So we see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam any he? He not only listened to it, he also recited it himself. And then

00:52:34--> 00:52:56

we see that there were other times when he really enjoyed listening to good, meaningful poetry that contained hikma. So there's a hadith in Sahih Muslim in which we learn that Mr. Ibn sherried he reports that his father said that one day I was writing behind the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he said to me, do you remember any poetry of omega even

00:52:57--> 00:53:38

omega even a bit of salt? So he was a famous poet. So what happened is that he said, Yes, I do remember. So the Prophet salallahu earnings and I'm told him Go on, meaning recite it. So he said that I recited a couplet. And he said, Go on meaning keep reciting more. He said, then again, I recited a couplet and he told me Go on. So he said, I recited 100 couplets, meaning 100 lines of poetry, because the Prophet sallallahu earlier said that he enjoyed he was enjoying listening to it so much, and this isn't so he Muslim. We learned another Hadith in a Timothy, where we learn the jabil de la hora and who said that the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would

00:53:38--> 00:54:10

have time sit together, and they would, you know, read poetry, they would recite poetry to each other. And they will talk about, you know, the incidence of the time of jelenia and the Prophet sallallahu earliest and it would be sitting with them, and he would not prohibit them, and there were times when he would even smile. So the Prophet sallallahu earlier said, I'm enjoyed listening to it, and then we see that he also appreciated good poetry. In another in another Hadith in Bukhari, we learned that the Prophet sallallahu earlier said and praised the poetry of libido

00:54:12--> 00:54:21

and he said, that the truest words spoken by a poet, were the words of Libby then inshallah we will look at that Hadees it's, it's coming on in this bag.

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However, we see as it was mentioned in the verse above, that if poetry singing mushy, the whatever it is, if it distracts a person, meaning it's constantly on the mind and the tongue of a person, such that even in Salah, now a person is thinking about the song lyrics, or those same tunes are going on in their head, right? Then this is a distraction and this is something that will be detrimental for them. So obsession is not good, right to too much of it is not good. So we learned that in a hadith that Oh sorry, the Hadith he reported

00:55:00--> 00:55:46

We were once going with the Prophet sallallahu. Early he was alone. And we reached a place known as arch. And there we met a poet who had been reciting poetry, meaning we came across there was a man over there who was reciting poetry. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, Stop him, stop the shaytaan he said, Stop this shaitan for filling the belly of a man with pus is better than stuffing his mind with poetry. And this is a hadith from Sahih Muslim. So apparently, from this Hadith, it seems like you better not learn any poetry, right? You better not memorize any Why? Because it would be better for you to according to the words of the Prophet sallallahu earlier, send

00:55:46--> 00:56:31

them fill your stomach with pus infection, basically, that that would be better for you. So what does this hadith mean? Mr. manoli explained that this means that when poetry or singing occupies a person's mind so much, that he does not recite the Quran, or make Vicar or learn any religious matters, then this is something that is being condemned, meaning it is not correct for a person to stuff their mind with poetry, meaning, it's not the only thing that should occupy you. Why because if it's the only thing that is occupying you, then it will busy you from the recitation of the Quran, it will busy you from the remembrance of Allah. However, if a person does recite the Quran,

00:56:31--> 00:57:17

if a person does make the vicar of Allah and then you know a little bit here a little bit there, there they enjoy some some poetry, then that is completely permissible, what is wrong is that a person stuffs themselves with fills themselves with poetry, that is something that is incorrect. And of course, it also depends on what what the nature of that poetry is, what the lyrics are, what the content is, is it something of a you know, is it something beneficial or is it something useless? Does it conform with the you know, the other than the teachings that Islam gives us? Or does it oppose the teachings of Assam that also of course matters. The next Hadeeth is had done a boon or

00:57:17--> 00:57:59

aim had done a Sophia and Anil s would they be hyson Samaritan Joon Durban, Jaco lubaina Naboo sallallahu alayhi wa sallam am she is a Saba who had your own for I thought for them yet he is very who for color. Hello aunty Illa is Varun dimity Wolfie Sabina Allah He mala PT, beautiful Hadees so gender reported that while the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was young she, okay make this correction in your book. It's not he was talking rather he was walking. Okay. He was young she while he was walking one day is a Saba who had your own. What happened is that a stone

00:58:00--> 00:58:41

hit him and this happens as you're walking. Sometimes you end up you know, hitting yourself tripping over something like this. So a stone hit him and he stumbled and his stall bled. Okay, so his toe was bleeding. So unseeing the blood. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, hell, aunty Illa is barren. dimity are you not just a tool that is bleeding? Wolfie, Sabina Allah He mala PT, and it is only in the way of Allah that you meant what you meant, meaning what you are suffering from,

00:58:42--> 00:59:32

happened to you in the way of Allah. So what does this mean? This means it's okay, right? Yes, it's painful, but it's okay. you'll survive. It's just a toll. Right? That is bleeding. It's not that the whole foot got amputated suffered a lot. No, it's not like, you know, a part of the foot came off. No, it's just a toll that is bleeding. And why is it bleeding in the way of Allah meaning it got injured in the way of Allah? So it's okay. Why because when you suffer Something in the way of Allah, then that was something expected anyway. And besides, when you suffer Something in the way of Allah, then that only means that inshallah you will increase in your reward. So look at the positive

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outlook of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. You know, it's so beautiful. And really, if we think like this, that first of all, what we what we have suffered was not really that big of a catastrophe. Right? It could have been worse. So when we remember that what we suffered was not that big of a catastrophe, it could have been worse than it really puts things into perspective and it lowers our you know, our

01:00:00--> 01:00:36

Worrying our anxiety and our pain. And then secondly, when we remind ourselves that you know, I suffered this pain because I'm in the way of Allah than 100 Allah, this means that this is only going in my husband. Because if I was sitting at home, then then this would not perhaps have happened to me. Or maybe this would have happened to me while I was doing something for myself and not something in the way of Allah. So isn't it an honor and a privilege that if I suffer something that this is in the way of Allah, because then it is rewardable and it will be my husband and so a beautiful way of

01:00:38--> 01:00:43

you know, of helping yourself when you are in pain, right?

01:00:44--> 01:01:34

But imahara brings us Hades over here to show the ledgers of the Prophet sallallahu erny, who said look meaning that he spoke, Rogers, this is not shared. Okay, this is not poetry, but but an example of nudges. And this shows us that if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said it, then it is permissible for others. And if he did not condemn it, in fact, he used it, then that means that there is benefit in it. Right? Because if you look at these words, hello, aunty Illa is burn the meaty, Wolfie, Sabine lahemaa Pt. So there is rhyming over here. Right? And when you speak words like this, especially when you are, you know, in pain, you know, for example, there could be a

01:01:34--> 01:02:20

beautiful new sheet that you heard about, for instance, feeling sad, I cannot recall any but let's say you are, you know, feeling sad about something and all of a sudden you remember the lyrics of that beautiful new sheet, right? What happens is that it it helps you deal with your pain. So our Dean has a very beautiful, very natural religion. There is no need to make it unrealistic, and unnecessarily strict and difficult in the name of piety. The best example is that of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, one thing is that we should remember that the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam was not a poet, and he did not recite poetry in the sense that he did not make

01:02:20--> 01:02:44

poetry of his own. Okay. When he did recite poetry, it was it was the poetry of others. All right. And why was he not a poet? Because Allah subhanaw taala tells us when our alumna who share Allah, we did not teach him poetry when a young boy Leila, nor does it befit him. It is not befit the Prophet sallallahu earlier set him to be a poet.

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And because of this, Yanni, it is said that really the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not, did not say any poetry, why because a to recite poetry to come up with poetry, one has to think one has to reflect one has to try you know, one way it doesn't work, you come up with another word you read before others and then they give you feedback and you improve your work. You revisit it, and then you know, you must have listened to a lot of poetry, you must have memorized a lot of poetry. And that would mean that the Prophet sallallahu Urdu Sunnah would be spending so much time and so much of his mental effort. It's something other than the Quran or other than what he was interested

01:03:32--> 01:03:38

with. So the Prophet salallahu, Urdu Sena was not a poet, and poetry did not befit him.

01:03:39--> 01:04:26

Rather, if he did ever speak any rhyming words, then that was just rhyme, okay? Or it was the poetry of other poets. Even Qatif says that the Prophet sallallahu or his son did not memorize a single complete stands of poetry on its exact meter. And whenever he recited something, he would either not complete it, right? Or he would, you know, just mentioned some of the words. So, when we see other instances of this also, we learn another Hadith that Alvaro de la Horne who was once asked by some people that did you also flee along with the Prophet sallallahu Urdu send them on on the day of her name? And he replied that the Prophet salallahu Urdu sent him did not flee. The enemy were good

01:04:26--> 01:04:59

archers and the Prophet sallallahu earning most of them he was actually calling people back. And he was saying an OB you lack Habib, and Abner Abdulmutallab and an OB you look at him, and ignore Abdul muttalib that I'm a prophet who does not lie, and I'm the son of our little methodic. So you can you can hear the rhyme in these words. So the Prophet sallallahu artesan um, did use rhyming language, that was not always intentional. That was not said as poetry and if it was said, it just shows you

01:05:00--> 01:05:51

His eloquence and the next Hadeeth has had this kind of number shot or had this an abnormal Dean had done a sofian on Abdulmalik had done Abu Salah Mata abhi who right or the Allahu anhu call an abuse sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, US local Kelly Martin Kala has Sha euro kalama to lobby then, that the truest word that any poet has ever said, is the statement of libido. And what is that statement? It is Ella kulu Shea in mahalo Allah herbal tea Lu. This is part of his poetry. And what does it mean? It means Allah unquestionably could Lucia in everything mahalo Lucha besides Allah, his bow through his faults, meaning all Gods besides Allah,

01:05:51--> 01:05:55

our faults, what Cather omega trueblue abhi Asante and you Sima

01:05:57--> 01:06:45

and who may have been even assault was about to become Muslim. So we see over here that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually appreciated good poetry, because this poetry was basically talking about what about the hate about the oneness of Allah? So, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually appreciated it, right. So, this shows us that any poetry that is about the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala that corrects people's belief that you know, increases the the Eman of people that this kind of poetry should not only be appreciated, but it you know, people should also be told about it because any lobbied he said this before Islam, okay.

01:06:46--> 01:07:12

He said this before Islam and libido was a famous poet, and he eventually did embrace Islam and the Prophet sallallahu his son did not say that Okay, forget about all of your poetry because all of that was hot, I'm useless. No, whatever was good, was appreciated and it was carried on. Because like, it was mentioned earlier, that there is from poetry that which is very

01:07:13--> 01:07:58

impactful. So why not use it for good cause? The next Hadeeth is had this input able to no sorry then had this and a hottie. Magoo is married Anya is either a B or Baden. Ansel an attorney acquiree calahorra genoma Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Isla hybrida phocoena Leyland is a long Heidi's but again a very beautiful one. So Salim I've been a car he said that we went with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to hiber and this was for the Battle of hybrid. And for sydnor Leyland we traveled at night for Panaji, luminol calm so a man from the people. So imagine now all of them are traveling they're walking in the night some people are writing others are walking. So a

01:07:58--> 01:08:30

man sadly army will occur to Ahmed have been acqua allowed to smear on admin, men who ne heretic. Won't you read to us some of your poetry follower can arm Iran Rajan Shia Iran. And Ahmed was a poet, Venezuela so what did he do? He got down from his camel and he started walking or his camel or his horse, whatever it was. And a year ago Bill comi he and he started reading through that her that I mentioned to you earlier it is

01:08:32--> 01:08:43

basically rhyme that is used to make your camels walk faster. Okay, so yeah, do Bill comi he started to

01:08:44--> 01:08:57

you could say not really rap because that's that's of course its own genre, but any he he started singing in a certain way to help the camels and the people you know, walk fast.

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And of course, this has an impact, I mean, we see that certain stores you know, they actually place certain types of music. Why because depending on the on the nature of music, in people's shopping habits also are affected, right or their shopping behaviors are affected. So he started reading her that and what was the her that that he that he read? He said Allahumma Lola anti-matter dana, while at the Sedona was Selena follow feed feeder or lukka map. Follow fed feeder or lukka Mk the Faina with a bittel academic Illa Fina. What lt and sakeena 10 Alena in either see have been a Tina will be sia here wallula Elena, what does this mean? Allahumma Lola and Medina Allah if it weren't for

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you, we would not have been guided and we would not have given charity and we would not

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have prayed. Meaning if we are guided if we give any charity if we spend in your way and if we pray, this is all because of your favor full of it. So pardon us feeder or laka May we be

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ransomed for you muck the finer whatever that we have done. This is interpreted in different ways. Basically what this means is that Allah forgive us for whatever wrong that we have done. And feed that Allah meaning. We ask you, we beg you that you rent some us from your punishment, meaning do not punish us with a better academic Illa cleaner, and make our feet firm. If we meet meaning if we meet the enemy. What okay and Sakina tonight, Elena, and descend, tranquillity upon us in that edlc have been a Tina, in indeed we when we are called to fight we have come What is sia? Here are what do I Dana, and the end the enemy has only cried out for help against us, meaning they have raised

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the cry against us. So this is why we have come to fight them. So you can imagine now beautiful, everybody's listening to him. And now you know, everybody's motivated. Everybody's, you know, walking faster. They're, you know, their spirits are also higher for Paula rasulillah he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said man had a set IQ. Who is this driver? Meaning Who is this person who is driving everybody on hanu they said I'm moving acquire it is I'm 11 o'clock, for color. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, your hammer Wilma, may Allah have mercy on him. So for Kala julen mineral calm, a man from the people said, and who is

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this man we learn in other narration. This was actually a model de la Mourinho and remodel de la Mourinho, very farsighted. When he heard the Prophet sallallahu earlier said him said, may Allah have mercy on him, or model the loved one who said, What job this is now mandatory meaning it seems like he's going to die in this battle, meaning this man Ahmed have been acquired because the Prophet sallallahu where it is and I've said my love mercy on him. This means that

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Ahmed is going to be martyred in this battle. Yana be a lot of Prophet of Allah lo data now, if only we could enjoy him more meaning I wish that you know he would stay more with us and we would benefit from him even more.

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All of our Athena haber so the narrator he said that we came to hybrid for household and now home and we laid siege you know to the Jews had also a button ama muscle tone shaida tone until people were extremely hungry because the siege went on for quite some time. So my in Allah Fattah ha ha la him, and then Allah gave victory to them for llama, I'm so nasally oma Lady 40 hotter la him. Then on the evening of the day that the Muslims have been victorious. Oh adunni Ron and Kathy Ratan they had lit a lot of fires for Karna Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I met Maha the hidden neuron. So the Prophet sallallahu earlier said I'm asked that what are all of these fires are now

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ayisha into pollun? What is it that you are lighting all of these fires for? Meaning what is it what what's cooking basically, although they said Allah, Allah when they said we're cooking meat, Allah Allah, Allah when he said which meats are you guys cooking? Kahlua Allah Lakshmi homeunion in Seattle, they said, the meat of domesticated donkeys for Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam makuha waxy ruha the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said throw it meaning stop cooking it throw this meat This is not to be eaten because it's not permissible. Walk cirugia and break the dishes. Meaning break the pots in which this meat was getting cooked. For Colorado jr rasulillah Oh no Rico

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one absolu ha a man said O Messenger of Allah. Is it possible that we just throw out the meat and just wash the dishes? Carla the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said oh Dhaka or that fella de softshell como can say for our meeting fee here Kissel fatahna will be here who Deacon Leah Riba who so now, you know he's mentioning about the death off of Armitage and Aqua, that when the people were formed in battle lines, meaning when there was a confrontation, then what happened is that Ahmed sword was short and he went to strike the leg of you know, the Jewish man that he was fighting but the edge of the sword came back and struck him on his own knee. So what happened because of that?

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It is said over here that for asaba rockbottom meetings

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Mr. kamin who that were Gerudo Baba safey for Al Sabah rockbottom in Informatica min who that the that basically in his attempt to strike the other men the edge of a sword you know struck him by accident so I'm it'll Dylan Warren who ended up you know striking himself on his knee accidentally and of course his knee bled so much from it I mean who and as a result of that he died from a coffer loo than when they left from hypothetical Muslims and they were making their way back to Medina on a cinema to cinema said that ronnie Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Ushahidi when the Prophet sallallahu arias and him saw me I was very sad and very upset, very gloomy, for quality. So he asked

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me Malika, what is wrong with you for call to fit the lacquer or be woombye Zara more enamel on habito ormolu. He said, that made me my mother and my father be sacrificed for you people think that, that, you know, Ahmed is such that all of his good deeds have been wasted. Meaning people are saying that Ahmed was not martyred. rather he killed himself. right because he basically died from a self inflicted wound. And that self inflicted wound was not intentional, it was accidental. So people are saying basically that he you know, because of the way that he died, he he's not a martyr and all of his good deeds are wasted because he killed himself. Cardamom Kala who the Prophet

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sallallahu early incentive said who who said this call to call a hopeful unknown. So I told him that so and so said we're full and on and so on. So said we're full and on and so and so started and what we'll say the mill her later on, sorry, and even will say them in her late alongside he has said this, for Karla Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So the Prophet sallallahu. Earlier Selim said ketubah manakala, who whoever has said this has lied meaning this is not true. In Ella hula adrain. He is going to have double reward with jamara Bina is by he and the Prophet sallallahu where it is and I'm joined two fingers of his to show that you know that Ahmed will have double reward. And he's

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explained that in the whole ledger hidden moogerah hidden because Ahmed was surely a jarhead meaning a person who strove Mujahidin and someone who strove against the enemy. Allah Allah be your national or behemoth Allah who very few Arabs are there who have achieved the way that he achieved or he or who has achieved what he has achieved. Subhan Allah, why is it that I'm radula horn who got double reward because if you think about it, he used not just his sword, but also his tongue, right? That he participated in the battle. And he also used his poetry in order to encourage other people and to uplift their spirits. So he didn't just get the reward of striving himself, but he also got the

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reward of encouraging other people. Alright, and then double reward because he was jahai. The Mojo Mojo hidden jarhead is someone who is striving, right, so he strove in worship, right? Meaning one reward for his personal striving. And then the other reward for his striving in the way of Allah because when you are Mujahid, that means you're striving against someone else. So he strove in Riba and he also strove in the way of Allah, which is why he will have double reward. So this really shows us that

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actions are judged by their intentions, right in normal armello beneath, so our middle dilla horn who his intention was not to kill himself, his intention was to fight against, you know, someone else, but accidentally he ended up injuring himself because of which he died. So enamel urbaniak. And then we see in this Hadees Mm hmm. It brings us over here to show how, you know, he used who that which is a kind of poetry to make your camels walk fast, because it does have an impact on the animals and of course, it also has an impact on on people. You see that, you know, when you're on a long drive you you enjoy listening to something, why because it helps you,

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you know, stay awake, and it helps you maintain your speed and your focus. And then, you know, the boredom of travel also is is minimized because of that.

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And then we've seen this Hadeeth another beautiful lesson that how an excellent question brought relief to so many people. Imagine if whoever asked this

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Question that may we just simply throw the meat and wash the pots? If this question was not asked, then this would mean that if any how long food has touched any of your dishes, you cannot just wash and reuse your dishes, it would mean that you have to break them, you have to get rid of them. You cannot even give it to anybody, you have to break them. Subhana Allah. So a good question brought relief to the people of that time. And also, you know us that hamdulillah and then of course, it's very obvious from this Hadees about the prohibition on eating domestic domesticated donkeys. And of course, the obedience of the companions Subhana Allah, they were hungry, you know, it's so clear in

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this Hadees that they were hungry. And then finally they got to let their fires and you know, start cooking food and they're preparing meat. And it takes long to slaughter animals. It takes long to cut up the pieces it takes long to you know, cook the meat Subhanallah they're cooking the meat and they find out it is impermissible and they got rid of it. Look at their patients and their obedience, but all the Allah Horan home amazing.

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Will we'll do the last Hadeeth of this Bob and Sharla had this an mo said didn't had the tinnitus Marielle had this an au Barnaby, a collaborator and Anna Sydney Malik in La Jolla Mourinho Kala aterna bo sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah Baldini said he, Amara hoonah Omar Suleiman.

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So ns seven Matic reported that the Prophet sallallahu earlier said him came to some of his wives and with them was also homeschooling, meaning some of the wives of the Prophet salallahu Urdu Southern were riding camels. And along with them in that same group was also also named the mother of unece of the Allahu anhu. And what happened for Allah so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Why Hakka and jeshua he said, mercy on you Oh, and Joshua reweigh the castle con Bill kawari Be gentle with the glass vessels meaning slow down.

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Why? Why did he say that? Because under show was driving the camels really fast, by using by reading Hoda, right by by reading, you know his rhyme his poetry to make the camels walk fast. And women were writing those camels and we learned that surname at the time was pregnant. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said reweighed the castle can bill kawari that slow down. You have to be gentle with the glass vessels. Connor whoopee labutta, the booklet ever said for the condom and abuse on Allahu alayhi wa sallam ob Karim attained the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said a word lotor Calum about loucon. If one of you were to say, I'd like to move to LA he, you would

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criticize him for that meaning you would think what what is he saying? Oh, Lu, and that was a statement. So Kaka Bill kawari, that you should be gentle with the glass vessels meaning the Prophet sallallahu Arneson and described the women as glass vessels, and if you were to say that that would not be acceptable from one of you. So,

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basically, the Prophet sallallahu early sent him said this, because of the, you know, the the weakness of, you know, off of the particular women that were riding those camels, and as I mentioned to you, one of them was also expecting, so if the camels were being, you know, driven really fast, that would, you know, not only hurt them, but it would also make it very, you know, painful for them. So, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam told him to slow down. And again, this hadith is brought over here to show the permissibility of using poetry and rhyme, to,

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to drive camels to make them move fast. And just like that, to keep that momentum, you know, sometimes a certain rhyme a certain song has to be used to get children to be excited, for example, in a school that everybody sit down, everybody get ready to go here, everybody settled down. So, as long as we see that the lyrics are meaningful lyrics are permissible, then there is nothing wrong with that, if it is not excessive, again, there is nothing wrong with that.

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Singing poetry becomes a problem when it becomes excessive, and when it is useless in its content. And when the entire focus is on the rhyme and not the content, right. So that is where it becomes problematic when it comes to musical instruments. That is a completely different discussion, which I'm not going to get into right now.

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Our focus right now was simply the the words meaning the words of poetry, so if there's any questions or comments that you want to make about today's class, and shall I can take them right now you can raise your hand

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I'm sorry, he was not able to see any raised hands earlier.

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Okay, Miss Miller

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sabetha Go ahead.

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Michael Cera.

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always, always

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thought of the

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concept of respecting, like, this is like my oldest, my companions, a particular lawyer lawyers send them back through the me which was all in the ports cooking that is the respectful with the person who has more knowledge, because I was just thinking that the children on the companions project on a Monday when the seven was so amazing that in the previous lecture, the last one in which we learned about the son of

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animal and this one, or the long haul, that there was so much respect for their fathers, they never caught back is another thing they out of respect, they didn't even say the right thing. So this is amazing that may Allah enable us to teach our kids as much of respect and

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humbleness in front of elders, when they are seen in the best way. This is quite amazing and very powerful.

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I mean, this is beautiful, and what's interesting is this is capable other bright, and we think that other was just in you know, certain rituals, that, you know, for example,

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bow yourself down or, you know, show certain gestures and that is all what other was about but we see, other is not arguing other is, you know, giving other people a chance to speak first. Other is that when someone comes, you know, you welcome them, you know, other is that when you go to someone's house, you don't you know, just take advantage of the fact that you're a guest So, you can do whatever you can say whatever

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beautiful examples of other

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humans that are respect this correlate with the previous one, which the wife of abubaker earlier was so respectful as well.

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Yes, it were his guests and he left and after that, the way she spoke, I was just going through the rewatching the lesson, I was just wondering that we as wives how much how we would have done in that situation that our brains are guessing

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this is this comes down to boils down to the point that mothers and the vibes of the house has so much to do to make children and the environment and the house beautiful. And if the mannerism to the next generation, so very, very, very powerful and

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my calligraphy come here is learned through observation, right? It cannot just be you know, taught verbally. It is learned through experience and through observation What you see is what you do,

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so panela

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Okay, political low FICO. inshallah, we'll conclude over here just below Hayden subhanak Allahumma will be handing eyeshadow Allah ilaha illa Anta stuffie Luca Tobu Lake wa salam or aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.