Fahm Al-Quran – 11A At Taubah 90 106
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair – Fahm Al-Quran
File Size: 7.31MB
Juz’ 11: At-Taubah 90-129 – Yunus 1-109
Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
My mother who want to slowly arenado Sudha Kadima my birth Pharaoh the Villa homina shavonda rajim Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim, rubbish Riley is further away Sidley MD,
Dr. Melissa melissani of kuqali probenecid and are just number 10. We will complete it first and then inshallah we will move on to juice number 11. I have number 91 and more other own Amina Bobby Lee, then Allah home, and those with excuses among the Bedouins came to be permitted in order to remain. And they who had lied to Allah and His Messenger sat at home, they will strike those who disbelieved among them a painful punishment. We learned that when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam went for the expedition of the book, he made a general announcement that every person who was able had to participate in that expedition, so there were a majority of the believers, what did they do
they prepared in order to go for this expedition. There were some other people who had genuine reasons because of which they were not able to go. So they went to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam seeking his permission in order to remain behind. And then we learned that there were some other people who came presenting false excuses to be allowed to stay behind. And then there was another category of people who did not even come to make an excuse. They just remain behind without any permission. So over here, all such people are being criticized, who either presented false excuses or presented no excuse at all in order to remain behind. A lot of Warren's say you sleep with Latina
cafaro Minh, Hamada Aleem that those who disbelieve among them will suffer from a painful punishment. How is this disbelief because email and it demands armor from us, it demands obedience and action from us, when a person believes in Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam then what does he have to do? He has to follow his orders. So if a person says that he believes but he does not follow, then that is a form of disobedience and that disobedience is a kind of disbelief. So over here, so you'll sleep with levena cafaro Minh, whom is Robin Aleem, there is not upon the weak or upon the ill upon those who do not find anything to spend any harm any discomfort when they are
sincere to Allah and His Messenger, meaning a person with a genuine excuse. If he is not able to go along and he sought permission to remain behind, then he's not sinful at all, there is not upon the Dewar's of good any cause for blame. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Nor is there blame upon those who, when they came to you that you might give them mounts meaning amount so that they could participate in this expedition, because what prevented them from going forth with Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was extreme poverty. Because as a haba, remember, there were all of different types, there were some who were financially very strong, and there are others who were financially
very weak. So there were some who did have the means to participate in this expedition. And there were some others who could not even afford a camel or horse. And that meant that journey of hundreds of kilometers that would have to take on foot. So they came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asking him if they could provide a mount to them. So what happened, you said to them, I can find nothing for you to ride upon, meaning you have nothing to offer them. And when you have nothing to offer them, they turned back while their eyes overflowed with tears out of grief, that they could not find something to spend for the cause of Allah, meaning when they realized they could not participate. It
made them sad. There were some other people who came up with false excuses to remain behind. And there were some other people who were happy to be allowed to stay behind. And there were some other people who were desperate to go along with Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, and when they were not able to go, it made them so sad that they wept. they wept. Why? Because they were going to miss out on this reward. They were going to be of those who remain behind from this great opportunity. The cause for blame is only upon those who asked permission of you. While they are rich, meaning they have the means they can go yet they do not go. They are satisfied to be with those who stay behind, they're
happy to stay behind and Allah has sealed over their hearts. So they do not even know meaning they do not even understand what they are missing out on. And so they do not have any regrets. They do not even feel bad about what they're missing out on. So such people, Allah says they are blameworthy. So we see that sometimes
person is genuinely unable to go forth in the way of Allah. And sometimes a person, he doesn't have a genuine excuse and he stays behind. He stays behind either representing false excuses or by not even showing up. Now, what is it that matters? What matters is the state of the heart. It's not about whether we are able to go or not go, it's not about whether we are able to do something good, or we're not able to do something good. Yes, that matters. But more than that, what matters is the state of our hearts. Because if a person is apparently giving charity, and this is a very noble deed, but if the intention is corrupt, then what will that charity bring him, it will bring him
punishment, then that is not a good deed, it's considered a sin. So over here, we see what really matters is the state of our heart, that if we are doing something for the sake of Allah, what is our intention? And if we're not doing it, then again, what is our intention? And if we're staying behind from doing something good, then we really need to be honest with ourselves that is this really a genuine excuse? Or is it just something that we have come up with in order to remain behind?
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What's wrong Long
Bismillah Ar Rahman.
Luna la comm either ajar to LA him, they will make excuses to you when you have returned to them say make no excuse never will we believe you. Allah has already informed us of your news. And Allah will observe your deeds and so will His Messenger, then you will be taken back to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed and he will inform you of what you used to do. They will swear by Allah to you when you return to them, that you would leave them alone. So leave them alone. Indeed, they are evil and their refuge as hell as recompense for what they have been earning. They swear to you so that you might be satisfied with them. But if you should be satisfied with them, Indeed, Allah is
not satisfied with a defiantly disobedient people. Here, some people are being mentioned, who are going to come to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. After not having done their assigned work, why were they going to come in order to present excuses. And this happened when the prophets of Allah said and returned from the Battle of the book. Remember, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went for this expedition, he went in order to fight the Romans, and the prophets Allah said and remained at the book for several days. However, the Romans did not show up. The enemy did not show up. So there was no real confrontation, there was no actual battle. And after a stay of several
days, the prophets of Allah sent and returned to Medina. So this entire journey was basically a test for the believers. This entire expedition was meant to reveal was meant to expose the reality of the people. So over here, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has warned that when you will return to Medina, what will happen? Some people are going to come to you, they are going to come presenting excuses. They're going to come swearing to you why in order to please you. But all of these excuses Allah says they are faults in the previous if we learned that some people remain behind due to some genuine excuses. And in the priests if we learn that Allah subhanaw taala didn't
ended them. Allah was pleased with them. But those who are mentioned over here, who stayed behind without a genuine reason they are being criticized. The question is who has a genuine reason, who has a genuine excuse that allows him to stay behind from a cause such as this, who the person who is ill, or the person who does not have the resources to strive in the way of Allah subhanaw taala they lack money, they do not have the health or they have certain responsibilities, preventing them from going out in the way of Allah. So these people, they are excused. And we learned that because they desire to be with the prophets that allowed them to go out in the way of Allah. What happened? Allah
subhanaw taala said that he will reward them and Yes, he did reward them. in Hades we learned in Bukhari we learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he returned from the Battle of the book, and as he was approaching Medina, he said, there are some people in Medina who were with you all the time. You did not travel any portion of the journey, nor did you cross any Valley, but that they were with you. The Sahaba said Yasuda Allah, how could they be with us when they were in Medina, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, have us a homeowner, genuine excuse prevented them from being with you. Otherwise their heart was with you. Their desire was there. And so they will be rewarded, even
though they did not take a single step in this expedition, while because of their intention, because of their genuine excuse and because of their longing to be in the way of Allah soprano Hawthorne. So we see that those with genuine excuses were given reward even though they did not go along with the sort of loss of a lot of setup. And those with false excuses, they are declared fast stick over here. Now Apparently, the action was the same, both were staying behind. You see, one group stayed behind with a genuine excuse another group stand behind with no genuine excuse with a false excuse. Apparently the action was the same, but the result is completely different. One is being called a
Morrison and the other is being called a facet. Why? Because of the difference in the state of the heart. So we have to see if ever we have to give an excuse in order to stay behind from some noble cause. Check. Ask yourself honestly, is this excuse acceptable near a law? We might be able to please and satisfy people. But is this acceptable near Allah? Is this really genuine? Because we see that there were about 80 hypocrites who were in Medina, even at this time in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and their names the prophets of Allah was informed about them, and about them we learn the Sahaba they said that during the life of Allah's Messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam, some men among the hypocrites used to remain behind meaning they would not accompany him in the expeditions. Whenever he went out for a husband, they will be pleased to stay at home behind Allah's Messenger. And when Allah's Messenger returned, they would put forward false excuses and take Olds wishing to be praised for what they had not done. So we need to be honest with ourselves, we need to be truthful with Allah subhanho wa Taala. Because he knows what our real estate is. And he knows what the state of our heart is, you see a person who is sincere to Allah, then he knows that no matter how much he's done, no matter how much he's done, it is not sufficient. So every
chance to do good is a great opportunity. So she would not allow herself to remain behind. And if really there is a genuine reason preventing her, then she would not be rejoicing at that time. Rather, she would be sad that she's missing out on an opportunity. And because of her state of heart, Allah will reward her even though she has not lifted a finger in that cause.
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la or la mojado, Donna Angela Allahu la su De La Hoya and even Hakeem, the veterans are stronger in disbelief and hypocrisy. Why is their hypocrisy worse, because the environment they live in is harsh overall. So that has an effect on their temperament also, and they are more likely to not know the limits of the laws that Allah has revealed to His Messenger. And because of this ignorance, they are more severe in their hypocrisy. So we learned that ignorance is something that leads to hypocrisy that leads to foolishness. When a person does not understand when a person does not know what he's missing out on, then what happens he's very happy and when a person is
understands what he's missing out on, then what happens? He's very, very sad, because he missed out on that opportunity. So we see that the Bedouins Allah says that they are stronger in their disbelief and hypocrisy. Why? Firstly because of their environment, and secondly, because of their ignorance. Because they are far from the centers of knowledge. They did not stay in the company of a sort of locks on a lock where to send them, and Allah is Knowing, and wise. And among the Bedouins are some who consider what they spend as a loss and await for you turns of misfortune. Why, because they do not understand upon them will be a misfortune of evil, and Allah is hearing and knowing. But
they're not all the same. Among the Bedouins are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day and consider what they spend as means of nearness to Allah, and of obtaining invocations of the messenger meeting when they have to spend in charity, then like that, there are some who takes spending in the way of Allah as a burden. And there are others who take that as a means of approaching nearness to Allah subhanho wa Tada. And when they do that, Allah says, unquestionably, it is a means of neatness for them a lot, I will admit them to His mercy. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. So here we see that sadaqa charity is a means of drawing close to Allah. So whenever a
person wishes to be of the mccobb, servants of Allah, whenever you want to draw close to Allah, whenever you want to feel near to Allah, then what is the way that we are being taught in this ayah? Give sadaqa expecting the return from who, from Allah alone and nobody else? The fact is that when a person gives for Allah, his time, his ego, his money, his food, whatever he gives, for the sake of Allah, then yes, this is something that will draw him close to Allah. In a hadith we learned that on the Day of Judgment, Allah will say to a person, or son of Adam, I fell ill, and you did not visit me. The slave will say, oh, Lord, how could I have visited you when you were the Lord of the worlds?
How could you be sick? Along with say, Did you not know that my servant, so and so had fallen ill, and you did not visit him? How do you visited him? You would have found me with him, or son of Adam, I was hungry, I asked you for food and you did not feed me. The servant will say, oh, Lord, how could I have fed you when you are the Lord of the worlds? Allah will say, Did you not know that my such and such servant asked you for food, he was media food, and you did not feed him? Had you fed him? You would have found me with him? What does this mean? That when a person does something for the sake of Allah, whether it is giving charity or going to visit a sick person, feeding a hungry
person, that in fact, he is taking a step toward Who? Allah subhanho wa Taala and especially the deed where you cannot expect any reward from the people? Because generally, what are those deeds that we like to do? deeds, which will be acknowledged by people for which we will be thanked for which we will be praised? And what happens when we know that we are not going to be praised, rather, we are going to be criticized, we know that people are not going to be happy, they're still going to find something to be upset with us over. Then what happens you remind yourself No, I am doing this for Allah, I will bear the criticism, I will bear their behavior. Why for the sake of Allah subhanho
wa Taala. You see, when you go to visit a sick person, and they give it to you, they Thank you for coming, then you feel like going and visiting them again and again. But when you go to visit a sick person whom you know that the moment they see you, they will begin complaining and they will be upset Why you didn't call them earlier or why you didn't visit them sooner than what happens you hesitate going there. So why is it that you would go Then why? To gain praise from them? No, to gain the approval of Allah. So this deed will it not bring you closer to Allah, it will bring you closer to Allah. So Allah, Allah says unquestionably, it is going to be in the hakuba tala home, it is
going to be a means of closeness for them closeness near and as to who to Allah subhanho wa Taala was Serbia Kunal alone, and the first foreigners in the faith Minami hygena. Well, onsala among the mohabbatein and the unsavoury those who go first make it to the front, so they are the mccobb servants of Allah being the first in doing good, it makes a person closer to Allah. So
Serbia Kunal a well known Milan mahadji, Rena well um saw those who did hit rock first, those who help the cause of a lot first, a lot of Serbia cone and a one Hoon, one Latina tuber
and those who follow them with good conduct, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with him and he has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow were in, they will abide forever. That is the great attainment. This is true success. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said to Apple, sorry, the hoodie, that oh sorry. Whoever happily accepts Allah as his Lord, Islam as his religion, and Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as his messenger is necessarily entitled to enter Paradise. So a booster eat, there'll be a lot more on who he wondered. And he said yellow suit a lot. Can you repeat that for me? meaning you're saying that somebody is definitely going to Jenna. I
only heard something about a man. Did I miss out on something? Can you repeat that for me? So the prophets have a lot of selam. Repeat repeated it for him. What? that whoever happily accepts Allah as his Lord, Islam as his religion, and Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as His Messenger, he is necessarily entitled to enter Jannah
enter Jannah so the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when he repeated this, he added, he said, there is another Act, which elevates the position of a man in gender, do a grade 100 higher, meaning this is something that will admit him to gender. But if he does this one extra thing, this will elevate his ranks 100 ranks higher, it's like skipping, going high 100 levels. So booster either below or and who was curious, he wondered who that would be. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, jihad in the way of Allah, jihad in the way of Allah striving in the way of Allah. So over here in this ayah, who was mentioned, those who believe, but in addition to that, they also strive
in the way of Allah. They're doing something to show that the deen of Allah is important to them. So they're learning it, they're spreading it, they're defending it, they're supporting it, with their money with their time with their effort with their lives. So such people, their reward, their level, in general, will be even higher than the rest of the believers. And among those around you of the Bedouins are hypocrites, and also from the people of Medina, they have become accustomed to hypocrisy, meaning they have become experts in deception and trickery in lying in swearing oaths, that whenever the believers have to go for an expedition, they know exactly how to get out of it.
They know what kind of oats to swear, what kind of excuses to present metodo and NFL, they have become accustomed to hypocrisy, they are so used to it that they don't even feel guilty about it anymore. You know, it's like if you stay behind a good cause once, then what happens, you feel bad. But then what happens, you stay behind the next day and the next day and the next day, then what happens? It just gets worse over time. Like for example, if a person is jobless for an entire month, he feels bad. He's trying actively to find some work somewhere anywhere. But what happens one month goes by three months go by five months go by and if he does not apply actively, if he does not do
anything to get a job, then what happens? He gets used to just staying at home. Then what happens he begins to cut off his social circle because he feels shy of going around. So what happens he gets so used to it in his shell, that he doesn't even realize what he's missing out on. So over here, people who repeatedly continuously stay behind from good causes, they are being criticized. Alyssa has left our allameh home, you do not know them, but we know them. We will punish them twice in this world, then they will be returned to a great punishment. And then there are others who have acknowledged their sins hello to Ramadan solly Han.
They had mixed a righteous deed with another that was bad, perhaps a level turn to them in forgiveness. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Then there is another group of people that is mentioned here, those who have mixed some good deeds with bad deeds, and this is the reality of many of us. So on one hand, we should have hope of Allah's forgiveness because Allah says at some level a year to Barney him, hopefully
Perhaps Allah will turn to them in forgiveness he will accept their repentance. But on the other hand, they also have to do something.
What is it that they have to do holdeman amreli him solder cotton to the hero whom what was the key him Bihar was fairly early him take a profit from their wealth, a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase and invoke Allah blessings upon them. When we feel like we have done something wrong generally what do we do? We ask other people, please remember me in your DOS, please pray for me. What do we see over here that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is asked to pray for them? But in addition, they also have to do something, what do they have to do give charity? Because charity, what does it do? It extinguishes the fire of sins that we have kindled for ourselves that
we have lit for ourselves, it also cools down the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So when we have done something wrong, when we see that we are falling behind in doing good, then what is it that we need to do? Do something good in order to make up for what we missed out on?
In Asana, takasaki Nola home. Indeed your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allah is hearing and knowing, do they not know that it is Allah who accepts repentance from his servants, and he receives charities, and that it is a law? Who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful meaning Why would they not repent to Allah? Why would they not do good in order to draw closer to Allah, when Allah accept your abundance of his servants? He accepts their good deeds for the sight of God. Because you see, when we're giving sadaqa it seems like we're helping a human being, it seems like we're helping a worldly cause. But what do we see when a person gives sadaqa in reality, he is
giving to who Allah, he's benefiting himself, because in reality, he is giving to a long way out for this sort of God, Allah takes charities, meaning that Allah will take it and Allah will make it grow, a lot will increase and multiply the reward, according to what according to the level of our sincerity, according to the faith with which we give that charity and say, Do as you will, for Allah will see your deeds, meaning now what has happened has happened in the past, what you need to worry about is your present state and your future state. Many times it happens that we keep dwelling over the mistakes that we have made in our past. What do we learn from these if we move on from it, what
has happened has happened? seek Allah's forgiveness, be hopeful that Allah will forgive now do something good to make up for the wrong that was done in the past. And now worry about the actions that you're doing now. Worry about the actions that you will do in the future. Like, for example, if a person has missed a prayer, then what happens? He begins to think, Oh, I'm such a bad person. I don't think my prayer will benefit me at all. Why should I bother praying? No, be hopeful that Allah will forgive, make up for the missed prayers for farm external welfare, give sadaqa and then worry about how you can fix your prayers now and in the future, and you will be returned to the Knower of
the unseen and the witnessed and he will inform you have what you used to do. Because Allah will see your deeds and so will His Messenger and the believers along will see your deeds, the messenger will see your deeds, the believers will see your deeds, meaning now people will witness your behavior. People will witness your actions. And even if you manage to please them, remember that ultimately the return is to Allah who will inform you of the reality of your deeds, what they are worth, what a huddle number giovanelli amarilla and there are others deferred until the command of Allah, meaning their case is pending. Their cases pending, it hasn't been resolved yet. Why? Because it is up to
Allah, some people because of the sincerity with which they have prevented the action that they have taken what happens they repentance is accepted. Like for example, we know how these we learned that if a person fixes his face, you know he young so he fixes his face towards Allah directs his face to Allah making the law determined to not move until his law is answered. Then what happens either Allah will give him what he is asked for, or Allah will store it for him for later on. Likewise, we see that there were some Sahaba who did not go in this expedition, and they did not really have a genuine excuse. What happened as soon as the prophet SAW the loss and returned, they went to the
masjid. They tied themselves up to the pillars of the masjid. And they said, We should only be let go when our Toba is accepted by Allah. So you see they took extreme measures to make up for the wrongs that they had done. So what happened there Toba was also
So accepted very soon. But then there were some others whose matter was deferred until later. Who were these people? These were three Sahaba three Sahaba. And Allah did not reveal their Toba immediately. Allah says whether he will punish them or whether he will forgive them. It's up to Allah. And Allah is Knowing and wise, Allah is Knowing and wise, meaning he knows what they have done and he is wise in what he has decided concerning them. So what do you see that all of these different groups of people that are mentioned over here, what do we learn? That ultimately we can only be successful? If our state of heart is sincere? If we are sincere to Allah azza wa jal and if
we are insincere to Allah, then it doesn't matter how happy people are with us. It doesn't matter how many stamps of approval they give to us. We will suffer if Allah is not happy with us. So what we need to be concerned about now and later is our relationship with Allah azza wa jal