Fahm Al-Quran – 10C Al Anfal 70 75 At Taubah 1 15

Taimiyyah Zubair


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Juz’ 10: Al-Anfal 41-75 – At-Taubah 1-89

Al-Anfal 70-75 – At-Taubah 1-15

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Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say to whoever is in your hands of the captives, if Allah knows any good in your hearts, he will give you something better than what was taken from you, and He will forgive you. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. But if they intend to betray you, then they have already betrayed a lot before and he empowered you over them. And Allah is Knowing and wise, Indeed, those who have believed and immigrated and fought with their wealth and lives in the cause of Allah, and those who give shelter and aided, they are allies of one another, but those who believed and did not immigrate for you, there is no guardianship of them until they immigrate. And if they seek help

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of you for the religion, then you must help except against people between yourselves and whom is the treaty and Allah is seeing of what you do. Now in this ayah What are we told the reward of Hydra and Jihad? What is Hydra one Medina hydro in alladhina amanu hydro. What is Hydra? Hydra is from Hydra which is to leave something, it is when a person leaves something in order to be saved from its danger in order to be protected from its harm. This is what hygiene is. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the mohajir is the one who gives up all what Allah has forbidden.

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The Mohajer is He who gives up that which Allah has forbidden because sometimes it's easy to leave your house, very easy to leave your house people are waiting for that day when they can leave their house that day when they can move out, leaving the house leaving the country is not that difficult. What is more difficult is leaving what Allah has forbidden. He is mohajirs because he's sacrificing something for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala This is mental hytera you understand what is physical idre but then there has to be this mental digital also emotional hedra also, that when you shift from love and attachment to one thing to love and attachment to Allah subhanaw taala This is also a

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kind of hidden

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and such people, what is their reward? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, worshiping during the period of widespread turmoil is like immigration, to me is like hatred to me. Meaning if a person worships Allah at a time, when there is facade when there is fitna

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he continues to worship Allah when nobody around him is worshiping Allah, staying firm at that time, remaining obedient to Allah in those times. What is the reward for that? It is like a person doing his little two little suit of us and alongside him in Medina. Can you imagine leaving your home going to Medina and seeing the prophets are lots of them everyday and praying behind him five prayers, hearing him recite the Quran Can you imagine how lovely that would be?

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But Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said that if a person remains firm in a bother of during times of fitna when everybody's leaving the house, one after the other, but a person stays firm that no I'm not going to stop this. I'm not going to leave this, I am going to continue to do this. Because my Allah loves it. He has legislated this he keeps firm she keeps firm, then the reward is like that of hedra. And what is the reward of digital? in our heads we learn which is a Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He was once with some companions or dilemna mo narrated this. He said that I was with the Prophet salallahu salam, and the sun was rising. Alright, so they were watching the sun

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rise. And he said, on the day of judgment, Allah will bring the people whose light will be like the light of the sun.

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Abubakar of the lower end who said, Is it a zero Scylla? Is it gonna be us? The prophets of Allah Selim said no, for you is higher caffeine, meaning you will have much good

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these people, they are the fukumura muhajir own, the fukuhara, the poor ones, the mohajirs, those who do hedra those who will be gathered from the corners of the earth, meaning those who are living in isolation, isolation, in what sense that in their homes, in their cities, in their communities, they are alone. They're not surrounded by righteous people, but they're struggling alone. They're struggling, they're suffering from

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their suffering from poverty for the sake of Allah. Why? Because they have done hate. They have immigrated in the way of a law and this immigration is what staying firm on everybody at times of hardship at times of fit

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Such people who have struggled in this way alone, they're the only ones doing that good deed, then what will happen on the Day of Judgment, they will come, while their faces will be shining like their rising sun, rising sun. So such people, their reward is not wasted. And those who disbelieved are allies of one another, if you do not do so, meaning all believers if you don't help each other, if you don't struggle in his cause, if you don't remain firm in worshipping Allah subhanaw taala, then what will happen? They will be fitna on earth, and great corruption. The script now will spread then who will know the Quran, somebody has to sacrifice somebody has to put in the effort. So if you

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don't do it, who's gonna do it? Think about it, the forces of evil, how much they're spreading so many calls to evil? And how many people are calling people calling others to the house, calling others to the Quran?

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How many? There's so many avenues of doing wrong, so many invitations to send, how many invitations are there to call people to worship of La soprano Madonna? When levena amanu and those who believe what have you and they immigrate, which I had to disobey the law and this tribe in the way of Allah will levena our wanna sorrow and those who shelter them and help them una iica who will move me una haka. Those are the believers in truth lahoma Pharaoh to what is spoon cutting for them is forgiveness and a noble provision. And those who believed after the initial immigration and immigrated and fought with you, they are all view meaning those who come and join you afterwards,

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and they're struggling because of Allah along with you side by side with you, they are off you, but those of blood relationship are more entitled to inheritance in the decree of Allah. Indeed, Allah is going of all things, what we see in these two verses that Islam is to be served in two ways. How one is that either a person should become a mohajir or he should become an Ansari, who is a mohajir Mahajan is the one who leaves something in order to serve the religion of Allah. And who is the uncertainty, the uncertainty is the one who helps his Muslim brother or sister who has left something for the sake of Allah.

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You see, when you take a step forward, you need somebody to encourage you. Yes, the encouragement, the help, it comes from a light comes from the deed that you have done. That satisfaction comes from it. But we as human beings, we need the support of each other. We need the help of each other. So for example, a person is coming forward to learn the deen of Allah. Aren't there people required to help them learn the deen of Allah? Isn't that so? I mean, think about it. There was perhaps once a time when we wanted to learn the Quran. Didn't we need somebody to help us learn the Quran, sit in front of us, and listen to every word that we're saying, and correct the mistakes that we're making.

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And then spend time listening to us, teaching us correcting us again and again and again. They helped us so we were able to learn, we left something and came to learn. And somebody came forward and helped us. Unlike this, we learned and they got the reward.

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Now, when we have learned something, isn't it our duty to help those who have left their homes who have left their jobs who have left their school in order to come and study the book of Allah? Isn't that our responsibility?

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Isn't that our responsibility? So we see that the work of the dean will only go forward will only succeed when both of these groups are present. The mohajir and the Ansari at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, what was the hijra? There were people who left Makkah who left their homes, their relatives, their businesses, their properties, they left that and the join the prophets of Allah, in Medina. And in Medina, how could they live? If they did not open up their houses to them? How could they, these days, what happens? we hesitate even to sit next to a person in the masjid even to help them learn the book of Allah? Because we want to live our own personal comfortable lives. But we see

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that the Sahaba the unsought. What did they do? What did they do? They opened their houses to the Mojave road, so much trust and love was there between these people, that the answers that Come, come live in our houses, you will live upstairs, I will live downstairs. Can you imagine doing that today? Would we do that today? that somebody wants to learn the Quran? And we say, yes, here's my number. No way we would never even give our phone number. Or we say okay, here's where I live. You can come and see me. You can come to my house. We hesitated.

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These things because we don't trust each other that love is missing. I'm not saying that we should be careless with regards to this matter. No, we have to be careful. But when someone is genuinely coming, then it is our obligation to assist them. Otherwise, what will happen? What will happen? The cause of the dean, that will be affected because of us, and who is going to bear that sin that burden us we're going to bear that burden. Because Allah has made us all met and was often he has made us the oma that is in the middle, the link between mankind and Allah, we have to pass this on to the people this put on and if we don't do it, then remember Allah who will give this work this

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noble task to somebody else. So when Latina am a new member to Waheguru, American, for Ola, ecoman, calm those are among you, those are of you, we have to come together. We learned that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said that I am is their aim. And who is their aim? The one who guarantees a guarantee? I am their aim for the one who believes in me and accepts Islam and does hedra meaning I guarantee that this person will have something and what is it that he will have a house on the outskirts of Jenna, and a house in the middle of paradise. And I am sorry for the one who believes in me and accepts Islam and strives in because of Allah, a house on the outskirts of

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Jenna, and a house in the middle of Jana, and house in the highest chambers of paradise. So the greater the effort, the greater the reward. So those who strive in the way of Allah, what do we learn? They are together, they have to be like brothers and sisters, like the bond of a hula was established between the Mahajan and the unsolved when the hedgerow happened. But then later on, it was made clear that yes, this bond is very sacred. Because of this bond, you should come together you should be united, you should be working, striving together. However, there are also blood ties, blood relationships, there are other relatives, there are people who are related to you through

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blood, and they have their own rank. They should not be neglected, because of the religious bond of brotherhood that you have with other people. Each has its own place, because we learned that initially after the digital, the maharjan and the unsolved they would even inherit from each other. But after this ayah it was made clear that no it's only the blood relatives that will be heirs to one another and this ensures moderation.

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And with this Alhamdulillah we begin sort of the Toba let's listen to the recitation.

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We'll be learning in a shame on your

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the sofa totoaba Bara at Amina la hora su de la la Vina raha to mineral mushrikeen This is a declaration of this association from Allah and His messenger to those with whom you had made a treaty of peace among the polytheists. Sooner the Toba or sunako. Bara this surah does not begin with Bismillah. Why? Because from the beginning of the sort of the first I have this sort of what does it do? It is dissolving the contracts that existed between the Muslims and the Muslims again at the time with this ayah was revealed and

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When a contract when a peace treaty is being dissolved, then Bismillah is not going to be said over there. When is Bismillah said when a contract is being made at Seoul? They be when the prophets of Allah Islam instructed the law on who to write the terms of the treaty. He said right Bismillah R Rahman Rahim. And so Haman amor from the side of the Mr. Keeney said we don't know, man, don't write this, you should write bismack Allah home. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had argued on the lower end who change it to bismi Kala home. So the treaty was being made. Therefore Bismillah was said, was written here, the treaties are being unknown, they're being cancelled. So when they're being

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cancelled, that means Bismillah will not be said it will not be written. And the simple reason is that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not recite did not teach the best mala before surah kotoba. So here we see that this is a declaration of disassociation from Allah and His messenger to those with whom you made a treaty of peace with among the polytheists so travel freely or disbelievers throughout the land during four months grace period, but know that you cannot cause failure to Allah, neither during this time nor afterwards, and that Allah will disgrace. The disbelievers sooner true and fair was revealed after the first battle, the Battle of better and sooner the Toba

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was revealed after the conquest of Makkah. So the scene has completely changed. The situation has completely changed now, after the conquest of Makkah, we learn that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he sent Abubakar Abdullah I knew for hedge. One year later, he sent a bucket for hedge. And at this time, these ayat were revealed. And I know the one who was sent with these I had to recite to the machine, that now any treaty that you had with the Messenger of Allah has been dissolved, and you have four months in which you decide, if you want to live here in peace, then you show that by accepting Islam. But if you do not wish to live here anymore, and you choose not to accept Islam,

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then you have to leave you have a time of four months. And it is an announcement from Allah and His messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah is dissociated from the disbelievers, and so is His Messenger. So if you repent that is best for you. But if you turn away, then know that you will not cause failure to Allah and good tidings to those who disbelieve our painful punishment. So we see that these are the level or new recite to them at Hajj, when there was a huge gathering of people. Why, so that everybody would come to know that now all the treaties have been dissolved, which means that now if anyone wishes to not embrace Islam living in Makkah, living

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in the surrounding areas of Makkah, then they cannot stay here anymore. Why? Because for the past decade, what had been happening, these people who refuse to accept Islam, first of all, they rejected the truth, despite recognizing it, despite knowing of it, they call the profits or the loss of the truthful, yet they called him a liar when he recited the Quran to them. And secondly, they have shown extreme violence to the Muslims, they had killed them, they had tortured them, they had abused them. And so if any of them would be allowed to remain in Makkah in the surrounding areas, then what what happened, again, things will go back to how they were, after a long struggle, peace

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had been established. Now finally in the region, and this piece could not be disturbed by letting the Mischief Makers remain in the area, they have to be evicted or they must leave their ways. So an open choice was given. So over here and invitation to Toba has also been given if you wish to repent you can repent. But if you don't want to, then you have to leave excepted are those with whom you made a treaty among the polytheists and then they have not been deficient toward you in anything or supported anyone against you so complete for them their Treaty until their term has ended. Indeed, Allah loves the righteous in the law Hubbell Mata clean. So over here we learn that those people

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from the machine who have been honest with you, who have not bothered you who have not cheated you, who have not killed you, who have respected the terms that you have agreed to then the treaties with them, they will continue the contracts with them, they will continue. So we see over here, that this was not a bias against the mushrikeen because many use these ads to show Look how violent Islam is. Look how it doesn't tolerate other religions.

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at all, no, this is not intolerance to other religions. This is intolerance to mischief. This is intolerance to treachery, that for all these years, the people who have been proven to be treacherous now, they're not welcome here. But those who wish to remain on their religion, they wish to remain wishek. But they have shown honesty, then the treaties with them will continue until their time of expiring. For even Salah Hall assured home and when the sacred months have passed, then meaning after the four months are over, the sacred months have passed. Then, if you see any of these enemy in the region in Makkah and its surrounding areas, then kill the polytheists wherever you find

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them, and capture them and besieged them and sit and wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, established prayer, and gives a cat, let them go on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. This is a very important idea that is very easily misunderstood, very commonly misunderstood. This ayah was revealed in a particular context. For for a certain group of people. This is not a blanket statement that any disbeliever wherever you find him just kill him. No, there's a whole context with this ayah they were warned, they were given four months. And if after that, they're found in the region still willing to persist in their mischief in their

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corruption, then, okay, you have to catch these criminals wherever you find them. Because these people were criminals, these people had killed many Muslims, they had raised weapons, they had created havoc all these years. So if a criminal if a serial killer is found somewhere in the city, then of course, he's going to be caught wherever he is found. Isn't that so? And if there's a criminal found with weapons somewhere, and he refuses to put down his weapons, then what is going to be done? Is he not going to be killed right there at the spot? We see this today that how in self defense police officers are allowed to shoot, isn't it? So likewise, these criminals who had waged

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war against the Muslims all these years, for 20 years, they had persecuted the Muslims. If these criminals are found roaming around the streets of Makkah, should they not be caught? Should they not be caught? Would that not be justice? It is justice. And remember that after these four months in the car, what we learn is that these four months when they were over, not a single mushrik was killed. Why? Because this ayah was meant to be a threat, that take this matter very seriously, you will not be spared if you continue in your wrong ways. If you continue this violence, you will not be tolerated at all. So what happened, people learned a lesson, those who wanted to persist in their

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ways they left the region, and those who were close to Islam, this is sort of like a push for them, a final push for them. And so they surrendered they accepted Islam, they did Toba and they change their ways.

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We're in a huddle, mineral mushrikeen. And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, meaning after these four months, if there is a polytheist, who says that no, these four months were not enough for me, I need some more time to think about it. Fine, I will not fight you. But I need time to consider Islam, I'm still not open to it. I need more time than Allah says grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah, then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know meaning even if the enemy wants to learn the Quran, hear the Quran. And for that purpose, they want more time, then give them that time. Why? Because are on

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what does it do? It affects the heart. We learned earlier that the believers are affected by the recitation of the Quran, the Quran moves the heart. So give them a chance to hear the Quran. Give them a chance to learn about what Allah has revealed. This ayah does not mean that tell the person on gunpoint, have a knife in your hand and tell him you accept Islam or you will be killed? No, this is not what this ayah teaches. This is saying, Give them a grace period. And that is when they have been proven to be criminals, not ordinary people. Criminals. Give them a grace period after that grace period, if they ask for an extension so that they may learn about Islam, then give it to them.

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Give it to them because a believer wants best for everybody, even his enemy, because of his enemy, if he converts to Islam, if he believes in Allah, and because of his belief, he enters into Jannah wherein he finds everlasting bliss. Isn't that good? Isn't that good? And we see that so many people when they were spared what happened, they accepted Islam. Think about it, Khalid even when he wrote the Longhorn who he is the one who came out

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and he is the one who had sold

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Many Muslims killed. What happened? He embraced Islam after several years. And when he embraced Islam, he was accepted as a Muslim. And then he brought so much benefit to Islam, Abu sufian also, he embraced Islam after the conquest of Makkah, you know, so hailed when he was brought at the Battle of brother as a war captive. And he was imprisoned in the house of the prophets on a lot of them. And this man when he was a mistake, he used to say a lot of harsh words against the Muslim sermon of the lower new suggested when he was brought in as a captain. He said he had also looked at his standoff allow me to cut his tongue off so that he cannot say anything against Islam. And the

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Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, No, no, we don't do that. So what happened? So hey, he paid his ransom. He went back to Makkah. And then at Soho, Abia. He is the one who made the treaty with the Muslims. And then eventually he embraced Islam. Also, he embraced Islam also. And then, after the death of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. in Makkah, we learned that there were some people who were planning to go back to their ways of disbelief that said, Mohammed Salah Lawson has died. So now leave Islam, leave Islam, let's go back to our own ways. So Sohail when he went up to them because he was also an elder in his people. So he said, Do not be the last to believe, and the first to

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leave Islam, do not be of those people. And he warned them, and he is the one who calm them down and who gathered them together under the banner of Islam who made them firm on Islam.

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So what do we see here? That don't hate a person? Simply because of his disbelief? Yes, disbelief is something that we abhor we dislike it. But we have to give people a chance. We have to give them a chance. So many people in their ignorance, they hate Islam, they hate the Muslims, they don't know a word of the Quran, or if they have heard anything about Islam, it's from the articles on the internet, or some books which are completely anti Islam. And as a result, they hate Muslims and Islam. Think they don't know. So over here, Allah is telling us give them a chance, until they can hear the word of Allah. How can there be for the polytheists a treaty in the sight of Allah and with

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this messenger, except for those with whom you made a treaty at all muster the harem? So as long as they are applied to where do you be applied to word them? Indeed, Allah loves the righteous, those people who fear Allah, Allah loves them. Now the reason is being given for the announcement of all of these contracts. Why? The reason is that how can there be a treaty, while if they gain dominance over you, they do not observe concerning you any fact of kinship or covenant of protection. they satisfy you with their mouths, meaning when they make a treaty with you, it's just to satisfy you, but their hearts refuse compliance and most of them are defiantly disobedient, meaning when you have

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seen a history of treachery with these people, how can you trust them? We learned that the soldier davia also what happened one year, just sometime after that, what happened? That machine, one of their allies, they attacked the allies of the Muslims, they killed them, they attacked them in the nighttime, they kill their people, even in the home, even in the home, they kill them. And this is what led to the conquest of Makkah. So Allah saying that why would you not allow these contracts? How could you trust these people, whenever they have made a contract with you in the past, they have always betrayed you. They have exchanged the signs of a love for a small price, and a variety of

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people from his way. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing, they do not observe toward a believer, any fact of kinship or covenant of protection, and it is they who are the transgressors. But if they repent, established prayer and give this a cat, then they are your brothers in religion, then no matter what they have done in the past, forget about it. Once they accept Islam, and they praise Allah, they give the cat they are your brother's indien one will firstly know if you call me Allah moon, and we detailed the verses for people who know. So in this ayah we see the sign of Islam, what is the sign of a person's Islam, his Allah and his cat? When a person accepts Islam,

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people say, Oh, how can we trust them? What if they're just saying the Shahada does to be accepted as a Muslim and they're not truly Muslim? The fact is, we don't know what's in their hearts. But what we can see are the actions. So the actions of a person they determine is the his Islam and of the four most or which ones salah and Zakat, if a person performs a fella he's a Muslim, she's a Muslim. If a person gives us a cat, he's a Muslim, she's a Muslim. And if they breed their oats after their Treaty and defame your religion, then fight that

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of disbelief, for Indeed, there are no old sacred to them, fight them that they might seize again, what's the purpose of fighting just cause bloodshed, what's the purpose, so that they may seize, meaning people who are creating mischief in the land who are disturbing the peace in the land, their power needs to be broken, they need to be stopped. Sometimes force has to be used to stop the spread of corruption. Force has to be used, harsh disciplinary measures have to be taken in order to stop the spread of corruption, this has to be done. Even if they seem very harsh, they have to be done. So likewise, over here, when these harsh measures are being taken, this is for the greater good. And

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the reason for fighting them. Allah says, Would you not fight a people who broke their oath and determined to expel the messenger look at what they've done to you? They may apply for a suit of loss that allows them so difficult in Makkah, he had to leave. Can you imagine a person is not safe in Makkah, his life is in danger in Makkah, and they had begun the attack upon you the first time they started this violence, do you fear them? But Allah has more right that you should fear him. If you are truly believers, fight them, Allah will punish them by your hands and will disgrace them and give you victory over them and satisfy the breasts of a believing people, meaning the believers have

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suffered very long at the hands of these criminals and remove the fury in the believers hearts and Allah turns and forgiveness to whom He wills and Allah is Knowing and wise.