Aqeedah 23

Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

Series:

Topics: Aqidah

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23 Essentials Of The Belief In Divine Decree

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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aliados Wilhelm Karim Allah varde feroza Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim labiche flatly acidity were Sidley Embrey weidler of Tata melissani. Polly probenecid.

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Eman bill Carter welcome.

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So what is other and what is other.

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So, other refers to a loss of prioritize plan, meaning what he decided from before that is going to happen. He had it written down and Kaaba is the fulfillment of that decree. So other is what he decreed and Kaaba is the execution of that decree. And we learned the definition of Otherworld, Kaaba. And we learned that there are many things that are part of this, like, for example, Allah subhanaw, taala knowledge from before. Likewise, the fact that he had everything written down, and then the fact that something happens only when Allah allows it to happen when he decides that it should take place. And then eventually, that particular action or that event, it takes place, so his

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creation or his command. So we see that in other there are many, you can say stages. And that is what we're going to learn today in Sharla. Mara tip off an Amen bill, other maratea What is neurotomy stages? And it's also been understood as the pillars of other meaning, what are the essential components of Eman?

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What is it that we believe in? When we talk about Amen, Bill, other the first pillar is a knowledge whose knowledge, the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala. So we believe that Allah subhanaw taala knows everything from before. Isn't that so? When we say that Allah subhanaw taala is Li Li what does that mean that he is fully knowledgeable, his aim is a Sherman l camel, it is complete, perfect and all inclusive, meaning it includes every single thing. So whether something is going to happen five seconds from now, or something's going to happen 20,000 years after today, who knows about it from before? Allah subhanaw taala. So the first pillar is

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to believe in the absolute knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala that his knowledge is all encompassing, that he encompasses everything in his own. And there is nothing equivalent to the size of an atom in the skies, or the earth that escapes has knowledge and that he knew everything about his creation, even before their existence, he knows what is what was and what will be. So what do we understand that his knowledge is not limited to any time

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our knowledge is limited, how we can only know about a certain thing once it happens. Correct. If there's anything about the future, even if we're very certain about it, we cannot know for sure, unless it actually happens. But Allah subhanaw taala his knowledge is complete and perfect, because it is not limited to any time. He knows what was, what is and what will be. And that no one knows more than Allah the Exalted to believe that he knows the existence and the non existent, the possible and the impossible, what is and what is not? And if it was, then what would it be?

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That Allah subhanaw taala knows what is and what is not. And if something were to happen, then what would happen? Like for example, in the Quran, we learn about low. What does it mean? If so, for example, Allah, Allah says Allah would do if they were returned, then

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they would repeat, right? If these people had gone out with you for the book, then what would they do? Create facade amongst the believers?

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Now, did that actually happen? No. Did did all of the hypocrites go along with the prophet SAW or listen to the book? No, they didn't. But Allah subhanaw taala knew that if they were to go, they would make facade. So what do we learn that Allah subhanaw taala knows about everything. What is happening? What is going on? What happened before what will happen in the future? And if something were to happen, you

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Then what would take place? He knows about all those possibilities Also, remember the incident where How did he kill that boy? And what did he say? That boy if he were to remain alive and grew up, then he would, what would he do?

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He would cause a lot of difficulties for his parents. Now, did that actually take place? No, but Allah knew that if this boy would continue to live, then this is what he would do. Our knowledge is limited to what do the present our knowledge is limited to what is existent? We do not know of what might happen, what will happen. Okay, we can only guess we can only estimate but Allah subhanaw taala is knowledge is perfect and complete. So Is this clear?

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So the first pillar is now instead of the Pollak I number 12, Allah subhanaw taala says Litherland will and Allah Allah Galicia and Khadija and Allah but how to be Cooley Shea in Alma. Allah has encompassed everything in his knowledge, sort of Hashem is number 22 who Allahu la de la ilaha illa who, Ali mileva alayhi wa Shahada, he is the nor off alive and Shahada for us certain things are unknown. Okay, but to Allah subhanaw taala is, is there anything that is unknown to him? No. Is there anything that is raised from Allah? Not at all. He knows about everything.

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We know only what is before us, what is in front of us, right?

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In the Hadith we learn and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam he was asked about the children often wished he keen those children who die of the machine. What about them? Will they go to Hellfire? Will they go to Paradise? What's going to happen? Does this question ever come to your mind also?

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Ever, that if there's a child who was born in a non Muslim family, and he dies as a child, will he end up in gender? Or enough? We don't know. Right? And it's not right that we speak without knowledge? Correct. So in this matter, we should not be guessing unless we have certain knowledge. So the prophets Allah, Allah said him, he replied, Allah is most knowing of what they would do. Meaning Allah knows best what those children would do, if they were to grow up if they were to attain maturity. So take the example of that boy whom had killed a lot knew. If this boy were to live on, this is what he would do. Now, just because the last pilot are knows doesn't mean that he

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forced it upon that individual. No, he didn't force it. This is just like you are watching a car from the 30th floor of a building. Okay. And you see that it's extremely icy slippery on the road, and you see that this guy is just speeding away. And he's not taking care of all the other cars that are around him. And you see him speeding, and you see there's a big icy patch, you know, what is going to happen? He's going to lose control, and he's going to end up hitting somebody especially there's a car coming. Like, you know, sometimes you see that, oh, there's a car coming from the other side, and this guy is turning left. He's not looking what's going to happen. They're going to

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crash. They haven't crashed and you start screaming, don't you? They haven't even crashed yet. And you start screaming, why? Because you know that in three seconds, this crash is going to happen.

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Now, that car could technically stop right there. Okay, it could technically stop right there, but it doesn't it keeps going. Okay. So Allah subhanaw taala knows from before what is going to happen.

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You see, every child is born upon the fitrah that is right. That is what we learn. And then a lot of panel data has also provided the means to attain guidance, he sent messengers, he has created all the signs around us, okay. And there are little children who asked about the purpose of life who ask about God who asked about where they're going to go, where they have come from, this curiosity is within human beings. So if there is a person who is born in a non Muslim household and as a result adopts that religion, despite the fact that the last panel data has made the means to guidance available to him, then obviously it is that individuals responsibility, inshallah we'll learn about

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freewill also. Okay. But what the main purpose of discussing this principle, the spiller of Allah is that we believe that Allah subhanaw taala knows everything. His knowing something does not mean that he forces it is knowing it means that he is fully aware of it. Clear. Is this principle clear. Do we believe in this

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With fully attain, that Allah knows what is going to happen. He knew that this was going to happen, and it's only logical. What's the difference between creator and creation? The Creator should know more?

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Isn't that all? If the creator were to find out about something only after it happens, then what would be the difference between the knowledge of the Creator and the creation? What would make make the creator greater? So it is only logical that Allah subhanaw taala knows from before as to what is going to happen. Even Tamia said this means that Allah subhanaw taala knows who will believe and who will not.

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He also knows as to who will believe and who will not believe. And there is a hadith on this matter, from which we learned that on the Day of Judgment, a las panatela will test the people who did not find guidance or for example, who died in their childhood, or like we learn about certain tribes, certain people to whom, you know, no knowledge came, so they never learned about a last panel data about the coming of the Day of Judgment. And there are people who are existing, even today. So we learn from Hadith that Allah subhanaw taala will test them on the Day of Judgment, he will send a messenger to them. Even taymiyah quoted this Hadith, that He will send a messenger to them whoever

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responds, he will go to Jenna and whoever rejects then he will end up in hellfire. So Allah subhanaw taala knows from before, what these people are going to do, yet, what does he do? He makes that knowledge visible and manifest. Like in the Quran? What do we learn that you think that you will be left untested? While a may Yala Mila hula Deena jaha Dominica while Allah has not yet known those people who do jihad amongst you, does that mean that Allah does not know from before he knows, but what's the meaning of that knowledge l era lamb that he is going to make known, he's going to make it clear to the people. So what can we learn from this Allah knows everything from before alright

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and he will make that knowledge over here.

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He will make that knowledge of law here and only then will he reward or punish people.

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Clear when Allah subhanaw taala will reveal that knowledge out through coda It is only then that he will reward or punish. The second of the murottal Eman will cover is Al Qaeda what is Al Qaeda writing? So it is to believe that Allah has recorded the decree of the entire creation in a low hole muffles before anything would take place, anything will take place. What has happened, everything is written from before where in the preserved tablet where do we learn that front? Sort of hedge is 70 lm lm anila Haryana Memphis summer it will up in Nevada.

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Indeed all of that is written were in the book.

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So to see in Iowa 12 wakulla Shay in our Selena houfy mammen moving what is mmm we've been referring to

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low herma Falls. And we see that the low from our fall is mentioned in the Quran many many times and the different words that are used for it. In some places the word keytab is used in other places the word keytab and will be MMO. Moving on Makita wha keytab in mustard. Okay, so all of these refer to what alohomora fools. In a hadith we learn which is in Muslim. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Allah inscribed the decree of the entire creation 50,000 years before he created the heavens and the earth. When was everything written

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50,000 years before the creation of the heavens and the earth even?

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What does that show? First of all, the perfect knowledge of Allah. And secondly, that the whole plan is written from before, and his throne was upon the water.

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Instead of headed i a 22. We learned masaba mostly buttonville only? Well, Effie unphysical illa Illa Fie kita, there is no difficulty no trial that afflicts you, in your lives on the earth in general or in your personal lives, except that it is recorded in the book from before. It is written from before. Now again, just because it's written doesn't mean it's been forced on you.

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Because some people say if it's written for me, I'll pray. And if it's not written for me, I won't pray. Did you read a low hurt ruffles? And did you see that it was written for you that you're not going to pray? Do you have any access to that lower level? You don't? Right?

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So when you have not been given knowledge of what is in the low hammerfall, then how can you say, Oh, it was never meant for me?

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How can you blame others? Because this is what people do we present other as an excuse.

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You see what is in the lower levels, people do not have access to that at all. Even the prophets of Allah, they have access to that No,

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only Allah subhanaw taala knows what's in it, and he can give access to whomsoever He wills, but this is a law's secret knowledge that he has kept to himself. Now, can Allah inform of the future? Do what of his slaves? Can he? Of course, it's up to him. Like for example, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was he not informed about certain things? Yes. Like for example, when he was digging in 100 and he struck the rock was he not informed about the photo hat about the victories that will come in the future? Yes, he was informed now Allah subhanaw taala can inform his slave but it doesn't mean that that slave has knowledge of a know her muscles.

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But what do we learn that everything is written from before what was the first creation the band and what it allows panel data Taliban to rate

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Okay, inshallah, we will learn about the difference between Allah's Will and what he has legislated. And our free will in trouble we learned about the relationship.

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The third of the murottal Emanuel cutter is an era well machine. What does that mean? We'll who's will alasa panel tireless will, his irresistible will His perfect power. So, it is that we believe that everything that happens in this existence is by the will of Allah. So, whatever he wills to happen

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will take place. All right, whatever he wills will happen, and whatever he does not will shall never, ever happen. Do we believe in that? Yes. We must believe in

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that whatever Allah wills can woman lm Yeshua Lamia can whatever he does not will can never take place.

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So nothing is exempt from his will nothing, not even the falling of a leaf and your next breath.

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Okay, anything big or small that takes place will happen when Allah subhanaw taala allows when he will permit

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Okay, when he wills then it will happen. So at the end of the day, what should we think if something has happened, a law allowed it. And if something did not happen, despite our best efforts, then Allah subhanaw taala did not allow it. And this is so true that Allah subhanaw taala when he allows something to take place, only then it will happen, that his will is irresistible, that no one can oppose that. In the Quran, what do we learn who will lead the Salah Rasulullah who will hold our Deen and Hulk? Why? lethal hero who are the Dini colleagues who allow Korean wish to come? Even if the polytheists dislike it, Allah subhanaw taala has, has decided that this religion will be

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victorious. And did Allah make his religion victorious? dominant Yes, in the life of his prophet. He did that. Imagine the opposition that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam faced imagine the many attempts that people made in order to kill him. Were they successful? Never one battle after the other one attack after the other in every way, from magic to poison, everything people tried. But were they successful? Not at all. Why? Allah did not allow. Allah did not allow. And this is something that is true with respect to everything, no matter how small or how big it is. When Allah decides that, that's it, this should be the last breath of a person, can the person take another breath?

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If Allah does not allow, he cannot take another breath. This last weekend I got extremely sick and my throat is where the whole sickness was. You can say concentrated, so I couldn't speak. I couldn't speak. I mean, you have all these feelings, all these things in your heart and mind that you want to verbalize, move to my mouth and not a sound comes out. Try to whisper nothing comes out. Nothing. Even if you try your best and you scream at the top of your voice, nothing can come out Why? If Allah does not allow you to speak Can you speak? No, you cannot.

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So nothing happens except with the will of Allah.

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So under in alki, taba and then al mushiya Soto can have one adekola militia in in nefarian Delica lowdon illa Anisha

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su de se 82 innama Amara who are other Shea and a akula who can fire Khun Sora tech we are 29 won't matter shout una Illa Anisha a lot of Blimey, you cannot even will to do something you cannot even intend to do something unless Allah allows you to do that. Because sometimes what happens that you have this, you know idea in your mind, you want to do something, or you have this desire that you want to do something. And sometimes you don't have that desire, or that will that idea. So you cannot even want to do something unless Allah allows you see how powerful His will is. This is how powerful it is. Now remember, that Allah subhanaw taala, His mushiya His will is based upon what his

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knowledge and wisdom is knowledge and wisdom. Because when we believe that Allah subhanaw taala, when he will something only then it can happen and when he wills that something should not happen, it will never take place and we believe that he is just he is fair.

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If he allowed something to take place, then there must be good in it.

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And if he did not allow for something to take place, then again, there must be something good in it. We trust a lot of decisions. We trust his will.

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All right, because one out of Boca, Villa lemon lilla obey your Lord is not at all unjust towards the servants. He's not unfair at all. Not even in the least he's not unfair. Not even a little bit. He's absolutely just unfair with the servants. So if Allah allows a servant to do something, why does he do that?

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Because that is what the servant is inclined towards. And if Allah does not facilitate a servant to do something, then why is it that because that servant is not inclined towards it anyway? What do we learn from a Mad Men alpha? What? For sadaqa bill Hausner, then

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fastenal jezero. lillia saw, whoever gave, he was generous, he confirmed the best religion meaning he believed in it. He had the core of Allah, then what will happen? Allah will facilitate the easy way for him. What is the easy way Islam righteousness obedience meaning Allah subhanaw taala will for more time in that way. He will lead him on lead him forward in that way. And on the other hand, what amomum babila was stolen. What can never will Hausner fasten we assume Lulu or saw the difficult way, meaning the way of gopher will be made easy for him. Okay, so everything takes place with the will of Allah. But Allah only willed that which is fair,

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Allah subhanaw taala is not obligated to set certain principles for himself. But has he? Yes, he has. Like for example, in the Quran, we learned that about bukovel nfca.

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Allah is not required to make himself be merciful, but he has made this rule for himself that he will be merciful. Likewise, if Allah subhanaw taala wants to do alone, can anyone stop and object? No, even if someone objects, what can they do?

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They can't do anything. Right? But yet a lot of panel data says that in the health room to volmer infc I have made injustice unlawful for myself. So Allah does not do that. Okay, so we believe that everything happens with the will of Allah, but his will, His will is based on what mercy and justice All right, it's far from injustice. Therefore we must always have personal one about a loss.

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We must always have personal one about him. In surah, number 76 i a 30. We learn woman to share una Illa insha Allah in the lava can i leemon hakima you cannot will unless Allah wills and Allah is Knowing and wise. He knows what you want. So he will only facilitate that for you. In Hadith and Muslim we learned the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said none of you should say to Allah when making da O Allah, Grant me mercy, if you like rather, the person should have conviction in his door. Why? Because

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Allah subhanaw taala is the Dewar of whatever he likes to do.

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Allah does whatever he likes to do, and there is none to force him. So you can't force him. So don't think that if you have conviction in your prayer, it's as though you are forcing him, No, you can't force him, it's up to him, whatever he does, it's his will.

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Then the fourth pillar is alcohol, the creation and this is logical, first, his knowledge. Secondly, the writing Thirdly, his will, when he will something when he allows something to take place, then it takes place when it has taken place, then it's ALC its creation. So, it is to believe that Allah is the Creator of everything, Allah is the Creator of what everything so there is nothing that exists, except that it is His creation,

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even the things that people have made,

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even that is a less creation, how, because he taught them, right, he guided them, and he gave them the means and the resources. Okay? Like for example, a car, you can say that people made it.

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But in reality, who has made it, Allah subhanaw taala? How?

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Because he made the person, he taught him the knowledge, he gave him the ability, right? He provided the resources. Okay? So everything that exists is whose creation unless punked on his creation, he has created them all and has absolute power over them. So when everything is a last creation, what does it mean? That Allah has full power and authority over everything, even a car that people make, even the biggest ship that people can make? A loss of power will have power over everything, because that ship, even though people have put it together? Whose is it? Unless primetime is right, so he still has full power and authority over it. And part of this is also the actions of his servants,

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meaning of honorary by the actions of the servants, even they are a last creation, and inshallah we'll discuss this. But the first thing that we learn in this is that everything is Allah's creation, whether it is good, or it is bad. Because remember, when we believe in a God, we believe in hiree, machinery, the good of it, and the evil of it. So what do we believe that whether something is good or something is evil? Both are Allah's creation, good and evil?

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Because there are some who say that no, no, God is above this, he would not create anything evil. But the thing is, that a loss of personal data has created sickness, he has allowed misery to happen. Okay. In the Quran, we learn when an evolution calm, we will definitely test you before you even know how well you're right next minute. And while while unforced what the Mirage, so many difficulties are mentioned over there, who's created them, who has allowed them to happen and was penetrated? So whether something is good, or it is evil, remember, everything is Allah's creation? There are some who say no, Allah only creates good, Allah does not create evil. So where does that

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evil come from? They say comes from SharePoint comes from people to basically they believe in two forces. And what is that? A law creator of good, and there's something else, creator of evil, whether it is people or the devil, or whatever it may be. This is what believing into Gods. This is Medusa. This is like the fire worshippers who used to believe in or who still believe in a God of good and a God of evil. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam described the deniers of father as Medusa. inshallah, we will learn about that. Okay. So when we believe in the fact of an Hulk, then we believe that everything whether good or evil, is what Allah subhanaw taala is creation. Now

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remember, that something could be inherently good, meaning it's all good. There's no evil in it. Pure good.

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Another possibility is pure evil. Another possibility is more good, less evil. Another possibility is more evil, less good. So there's four possibilities, right? All good, all evil, more good, less evil, more evil, less good, clear. Now, Allah subhanaw taala has created things which are all good. He has created things which are a mix of good and evil. But remember that there is nothing that is pure, pure evil.

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Because even if

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There's something that is evil, there's always a good side to it.

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Isn't that so? Like, for example, a person gets sick.

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We would think sickness as pure evil. But is it really pure evil? No, there's also benefit to it. There's also some hair in it. This is why we believe that Allah subhanaw taala is our raw man that he is. What does that mean? Allah, Most Merciful of our man is the raw material were

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the one whose Mercy is weser, vast, encompassing everything. So there is nothing except that a las pantallas Mercy is affecting it.

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So even if there's something that we're suffering from, in reality there is higher in it in one way or the other. At least a little bit, if not a lot.

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Isn't that so?

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So take the example of a police evil. Okay, once upon a time, he was good. But is there any thing good that we can learn from the existence of shaman or anything good that we are benefiting from because of shape one?

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Of course,

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things are known by their opposites.

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Isn't that so?

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Things are known by their opposites. If there was no shavon

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would we be making out in the morning and in the evening? and reading our idol kursi before going to sleep and saying Bismillah before shutting the door? Would we be doing that?

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No.

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And that is the test. It's a part of the test. Right? So remember that even if there is something that has a lot of evil to it, they will still be

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okay.

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Not that Iblees has higher in him. And you see if this wants to repent, he can but Allah knows that he will not.

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Okay.

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Anyway, let's continue.

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Now, the second thing that we learned in Hulk is that among this is all to the actions of his servants,

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the actions of the servants what does that mean that the actions that we perform,

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whether it is a good action or a bad action, we make something we say something,

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then that is also allows creation. In fact, I 96 Ibrahim, I listened and said, well, Allahu Allah kako woman, Thurman, Allah has made you and also what you do, what you make, meaning these idols that you worship, you think they are creators, they're not creators. Allah is the Creator of all you and all these things that you made also. So the actions of people are also Allah's decree.

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Okay, meaning they're decreed by him. What does that mean? That he already knows what people are going to do?

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He already knows what actions people are going to perform.

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And he allows them to perform them, he has given them the freewill Okay, he has given them the ability, he has provided them with the means, so that they can do what they want to.

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And like we discussed earlier, he facilitates each person to whatever that person is inclined towards.

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Okay.

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In the Quran, we learned makuuchi, infallible, feasible, everything that they have done is invisible, meaning it is written in the law homophone, Allah knows from before what the people are going to do. Now, believing in all the four pillars, is essential for once, amen, but other to be valid. If a person says yeah, I believe Allah knows from before, I believe that, you know, he had everything written down. But I don't believe in the fact that something takes place only when Allah allows his Eman, complete, know, all four pillars, it's essential that we believe in all of them. Now, the first two pillars, which are bellerin and

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alakija, these two are related to each other.

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And the second two, which are

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machines, mushiya and, and Hulk, these are related to other

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fear,

00:34:40--> 00:34:47

his knowledge and the writing, that is what part of the of the decree

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and is willing allowing something to take place and then eventually, that action or that event or that creation taking place, coming into existence. That is what are

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order fulfillment of that decree. Now, there are some important matters concerning Alcala will order that we need to learn about, first of all, the prohibition of speaking about alcohol, meaning we're not allowed to talk about the subject, just for the sake of, you know, a discussion, or, you know, expressing our opinions concerning this matter. We're not allowed to do that.

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Once the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he found the companions arguing about and discussing it debating, and many times it happens when this issue comes up. People start arguing, no, no, it's not like this. No, it's not like that. So he found them disputing about the matter of well, first of all, he became very upset, his face turned red. And he said, Is this what you have been commanded to do? Is this why I was sent to you, the people before you were destroyed when they disputed about this matter? I urge you not to dispute about this matter, or these in activity. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, I urge you that you do not dispute about this matter. You don't

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talk excessively about this matter beyond your limited knowledge. Why? Because if you will delve into it, you will get confused. And it will make you lose your faith. And unfortunately, many people go down this path. And what happens, eventually they lose their faith completely. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, either look a lot of heavy for mssql, or either looking for new Doom for MC cool, we're either looking for MC CO, that when my companions will be mentioned, then refrain from speaking.

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Does this mean that we're not allowed to talk about the companions at all? We are allowed to talk about them, but when people start talking about who was right and who was wrong, and why he you know, one companion did something and why the other companion did the other thing, when they get into such matters, then this leads to the differences. This leads to speaking without knowledge. All right. So what is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam guidance that we should stop right there? We study the life of Abu Bakr we studied the life of Ramadan or on certain things they did. Okay. You don't understand the wisdom behind it? Is it? Can you change anything by talking about it? Can you know

00:37:24--> 00:37:25

you can earn

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so if you delve into this topic, it's going to make you lose respect for the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sunnah. Isn't that so? So this is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, refrain from speaking, when the stars are mentioned, then refrain from speaking.

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What does that mean?

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Then refrain from speaking. Because when people go into details of these topics, right, like horoscopes and all that, then you wonder all but this does happen and how does it happen but the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said this, it makes you more confused.

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When we learn, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, he informed us that everything happens by the will of Allah, it rained not because of a particular star, then we just stopped there. We just stopped there. We don't need to go beyond that. We need to accept that our knowledge is limited. And when other is mentioned, then refrain from speaking. This is why once our little Buddha on who he was asked about other

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about decree, he said, buddy, Muslim fella, this local, it's a very dark, bad, so don't go on it.

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It's very dark. Why? Because if you if you go on this path, you're going to get confused. Well, Barcelona army con fella felucia It's a deep sea. So don't try to dive into it. What civil law he it's the secret knowledge of Allah.

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So falletta takala, who don't put yourself a difficulty in trying to find out about it.

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When you have been told, believing that Allah knows everything from before, then just accept, just stop right there. Don't go into extra details because it will confuse you and will make you lose your faith. This was the advice that our little blower in who gave because we see that there have been many deviations amongst the Muslims, because of what we see basically, two groups formed two extremes. Okay. One extreme was of the jabariya.

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From the word job of what does it mean to force? So they said, Allah decrees everything. And that means that Allah forces HIS WILL upon the people. So at the end, people are not responsible.

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It's whose fault anything that happens, whose fault is it?

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This hates unless we are not responsible. So if I didn't pray, if I committed murder, if I uttered a lie, that's because Allah wanted me to that's

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They say, so for example, one person said, I started to do whatever he chooses for me to do. So all of my actions became acts of obedience. So even if I'm committing Zina, or I am committing, I'm eating Haram, or I am lying, I'm hurting others. That's what Allah wants me to do. So all my sins are not actually sins, what are they act of obedience.

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This is like a license to sin. Right? Do whatever you want, and blame who God for it. And unfortunately, many people do this too.

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Whether they call themselves rubbery or not. They believe in this. God wanted me to do it. That's why I did it. So don't let me ask him, why he made me do it.

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But the thing is that when Allah subhanaw taala, has decreed something like we learned earlier, he has also given people the free will. And besides, how do you know that this was written for you? You don't know. So don't blame Allah. The second extreme that the people went towards was this group is known as the other year. And who are they those who denied alpha? Those who said that a live doesn't know from before

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and he only finds out when people do a certain action. So don't say that Allah subhanaw taala knows from before Is this correct? This is not correct either. Because what do we learn Allah subhana wa tada knows from before he decreed

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he decreed.

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So they went to the extreme of glorifying Allah subhanaw taala and saying that Allah has created nothing evil. Okay. So this is also incorrect. And we have to,

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we have to remain in between. Okay. And what is that? The balance? The correct The truth is what that we believe that Allah subhanaw taala decreed everything from before, but that doesn't mean that he forced it upon us. So we are not responsible for our actions, we are responsible.

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And we see that this was the way of the prophets also they submitted when the matter of other was mentioned. In Hadith in Bukhari, we learned the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Adam and Musa argued with one another musalla Sam said to Adam, you are Adam, whose mistake expelled you from Paradise. Adam said to him, so basically musanze getting upset with Adam release and the Why'd you do that? Why did you eat the fruit of the tree? Because if you hadn't done it, we would all have been in general.

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Otherwise, and I'm sad to him You are Moosa, whom Allah selected as his messenger and as the one to whom he spoke directly, yet you blame me for a thing, which Allah had already decreed in my face before my creation.

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This was written from before then we were gonna come on the earth. Why are you blaming me? So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said twice, so Adam overpowered musasa.

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So musar Listen, he didn't say anything in return, because he accepted that yes, this was meant to be. This was a loss decision from before. This was his decree that we were all going to come to the earth. Right? So he accepted it. And this is what we need to do as well. That whenever the matter of faith is mentioned, and then we need to submit and surrender,

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then remember that there is good and everything that Allah subhanaw taala has created, like we discussed earlier, Allah the creator of everything, a low Hollywood cliche, and that includes good and evil shall and hide Hashanah and say, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said the boy who had killed was created an infidel meaning a calf it had he lived, he would have moved his parents to rebellion and unbelief. So that child was killed. Okay. And that was difficult, obviously, for musallam to bear. But was there some clarity in that? Was there some light in that? Yes. So what do we learn then? Trust Allah soprano third.

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Whether something good has happened or bad has happened, we trust that inshallah there is somewhere in it.

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Okay.

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But remember that when we believe that all good and evil are from Allah, there are some things that we must remember the first thing is that we attribute all good to Allah. to anything good that happens. Who do we think? Allah subhanaw taala who do we praise? Allah subhanaw taala well not Amita is ramita when I kindled on, you did not throw who is it that through Allah Subhana

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he made your arrows reach the target, right? So all good, anything good that happens, accomplishment, success, health, anything, you attribute it to Allah Pendleton but when it comes to the matter of evil

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Then we don't attribute it directly to him, even though it comes from him. He allows it to happen, but we don't attribute it directly to him.

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Alone made me sick. You don't say that? Why?

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Isn't that a lot of parents are allowed you to be sick? Why don't you say that?

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Why don't you say it in that manner?

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Because of his majesty. It's disrespectful. Okay? Like, for example, parents, they allow their children to do certain things, and they don't allow their children to do certain things. Okay? Sometimes they reward them, and sometimes they punish them. Now, if a child speaks about his mother to somebody else, my mom gave me a timeout.

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My mom did this. My mom did that. It's almost disrespectful. Because, you know, if the mother gave a timeout, there must have been a reason behind that. There must have been a reason behind it. But the way the child is speaking is very disrespectful. There is some hikma but the child does not have the right to speak in that manner about his parents. Correct. So likewise, remember that evil, Allah allows it to happen, but we don't attribute it directly to him. Because first of all, it is disrespectful. And secondly, remember that Allah subhanaw taala, allows evil to take place for a reason. And what could that reason be?

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As a consequence of our own sense,

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isn't that so? by for example, Ibrahim, right? So he said, what he then led you to, when I get sick, then he kills me? Because usually we get sick. Why? Because of our own negligence, right? Or because of our own mistake.

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It's freezing cold outside, and you're having a popsicle, obviously, you're gonna get sick, whose fault is it? If you get sick, your fault, it's freezing cold outside, you go outside without a jacket. And if you fall, Ill don't blame a lot for it. He allowed you to get sick because there are certain rules of nature that he has set. Right? There's some universal laws, that human being has a certain body temperature, okay? If he is exposed to this temperature, then what's going to happen? This reaction is going to take place in his body and as a result, he's going to become sick. That's a laws law.

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All right. So if you put yourself in that situation by your own decision, whose fault is it, it is your fault. So even though it was a loss law, even though he allowed it to happen, you don't blame him you blame yourself?

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Clear? Okay. And this is what we see in the Quran. by for example,

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Ibrahim Ali Salim said what Mr. Takahashi likewise in the Quran was either must sell in Santa baru when the reaches a person

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when door reaches a person Why is the reaching of the person because of his own shortcomings because of his own wrong okay.

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In sort of gene we learned that the gene said I shall ruin read the women Phil early is it evil that is intended with the people on the earth or has their Lord intended some good for them? Okay, so has evil been intended module has been used, okay.

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So, this is the first rule that we must remember that all good is attributed to Allah but evil is not directly attributed to any evil is not directly attributed to him as a name as an attribute or as an action as an ism as a sliver or as a fear. So for example, look, yes, Allah subhanaw taala allows it to happen, but this doesn't mean that we give a lot of power out of the name above.

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Okay, we don't give him that name. Because a there is no evidence and B, if you look above the one who gives birth, this is this respect. Okay? Likewise, in cipher also, we don't attribute evil to unless pounced on or inaction. Rather, we blame Who? The people ourselves, because we are the ones who are bringing it upon ourselves anyways. The second thing is that we must also remember that there is also good in evil, like we discussed earlier. So when Allah subhanaw taala has created evil, or he lets evil happen, there's some benefit in it by for example, a person he gets sick. And he thinks about it, what did I do wrong? What happened? So he does his default, he repents to a loss

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of penalty. So he has a reason to come back to Allah. You understand? Because if everything went smoothly for you, would you lift up your hands and make the wrong? Would you cry before a lot out of desperation? would you know? Like, for example, if your children are, I know they're very few mothers here, but

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This is something that I experience almost on a daily basis that if your children are very obedient, very compliant, then everything would go smoothly. But the times when you ask them to do something and they don't, and you just want to pull your hair out, then you go cry before Allah. Right? So when evil happens, there's a reason for you to go back to Allah, to seek forgiveness from him, to repent to him to ask Him for His mercy. Right? Then, when evil happens, we see that it's a reason for good to come forth also.

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Like, for example, a disaster happens, many lives lost many people, you know, they're shaken up traumatized, but because of that, is there also some good that happens? Yes. What? People have a reason to be generous. How would we experience compassion and mercy? If we didn't see suffering?

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Would we know what compassion and mercy is? How would we experience the joy of giving? Helping someone? If there was no person in need? How would we,

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you understand things are known by their opposites when Allah allows evil to take place? It is so that we can experience and we can know and we can recognize the good, what Jarl aluminet? One knew? When do you appreciate light? When,

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when you've seen darkness? When do you appreciate summer? When you've experienced winter? When do you think about the people who are suffering? When your suffering continues? When you're hoping that hopefully, the temperatures should increase, there should be signs of spring, when you don't see that, then you're forced to think about people in need. So when evil happens, it makes you appreciate the good. So remember that even though last panel has created evil, there's nothing such as pure evil, there's always something good in it as well. And when a person is patient, then he is rewarded for it. Right and evil as sometimes it's also a punishment for a person. If he repents good

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for him. And if he doesn't, then that punishment is something that he deserves. Then remember that the data is only ullas knowledge, I should not blow on her. She reported that once a child died, a child passed away and I should have learned how commentate there is happiness for this child who is a bird from amongst the birds of gender, but good for him he died, you know as a child, inshallah. He'll be one of the birds of gender.

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The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Don't you know that Allah created paradise and he created hell. And he created some people for this meaning Jenna, and some people for that meaning for hell? How? How are you making this comment? that this child is going to be a bird of paradise? How do you know? How do you know? You don't know? So don't say that. Who knows that if the child were to live on what would he do? Allah subhanaw taala. So, remember that the deed is only a las pantallas knowledge, he knows what will happen and who will end up where also remember that nothing can override the meaning nothing can cancel out of the and supersede it. Okay, what Allah subhanaw taala has decided will

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take place will definitely take place. Right? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said if there was anything that could override fate, it would be evil eye. But the fact is that nothing can cancel out.

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What Allah subhanaw taala has destined will definitely happen. And remember that the key always always comes in fact, the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He said that verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother's womb for 40 days in the form of a note for then he becomes an aloka, for like period, meaning 40 days, then a mandala for like period, then they're sent to him, the angel who blows his soul into him, and who is commanded with formatters to write down his risk, his lifespan, his actions, and whether he will be happy or unhappy. Meaning whether he'll end up in general or Hellfire by the one other than whom there is no date he verily one of you performs

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the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arm's length between him and it. And that which has been written overtakes him. And so he acts with the actions of the people of Hellfire and thus enters it, and barely one of you performs the actions of the people of Hellfire until there is but an arm's length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and as he enters,

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so at the end, whatever Allah subhanaw taala has decreed for a person, that will definitely happen. And sometimes we see that things change literally

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At the last moment,

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isn't it? Like for example, somebody bought their ticket did all their packing everything, they go to the airport, sit in the airplane, the plane is about to take off. And then there's some emergency because of which they don't go.

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Right? Why? Because they were never meant to go It was written in their fate that they were never going to go. So what do we learn that the the always always comes in effect? Now does this mean that we have no free will we do have free will. But remember that Allah subhanaw taala facilitates for a person what he likes to do what he wants to do. In a Hardee's we learned already a little on who said that once we were at a funeral, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam came to us he sat down, and then we sat down around him he had a small stick with him and he lowered his head and started to draw lines on the ground with his stick. And then he said, There is no one among you.

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There is not a living soul, but Allah has already decreed his place in paradise or in hell. And it has been decreed whether he is blessed or doomed. A man said, O Messenger of Allah, why do we not rely on what has been written and not bothered to strive? If I meant to be of the people of Ghana? Why should I bother to pray? Why? And if I'm meant to be of the people of Hellfire, why should I bother to refrain from sin? Why not enjoy my life, the prophets that a lot of them said whoever is one of the blessings will end up doing the actions of those who are blessed, and whoever is one of the doomed will end up doing the actions of those who are doomed. And then he said strive for

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everyone will be guided. Those who are blessed will be guided to the actions of those who are blessed, and those who are doomed will leave the facilitator to do the actions of those who are doomed. And then he recited for a moment alcohol with DACA was adopted in her snafus, and we assume we'll use LA or amomum buffalo was stuck on our prisoner for senoia suitable literacy.

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So to summarize, what do we learn, Allah knows from before whatever his decree is will take place, nothing can cancel it, nothing can get ahead of it. All right. This does not mean that people don't have a choice they do have a choice a las panatela has provided in the means and this is why they are responsible and a person is only allowed to go where where he wants to go if he changes his mind at the last moment. Again, that's his responsibility inshallah we'll get to do our also Okay, so Chronicle long will be making sure the La ilaha illa Anta Mr. Whittaker wanted to like I said, I'm already called on for my book.