Channel: Tahir Wyatt
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Not 100 illa Nakamoto who wanna stay you know who wanna stop hero? Now the villa Himanshu cinecitta Marina Mayor de la hufa lamudi Lola woman you lil fella had Yoda or shadow La Ilaha Illa la who was the hula shikara was one Anna Mohammed and Idaho Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi. Wa early he was so happy he was seldom at the Sleeman kitsilano Yomi. Dean and my bad before we go into the lesson, dealing with el caballo
are the major sins the book that has been written by and the members that have you know, hey, mahalo Tada. I want to remind myself and the rest of the brothers here and sisters,
about a surah in the Quran, where Allah azza wa jal mentions the four ingredients to success in this life.
Does anyone know what that sorter is? Where lies Magellan talks about the ingredients to success in life?
Hmm, well, awesome. Now that sort of is so important that just for a minute or two, inshallah Tada, I'd like to talk about some of the meanings, while also is usually translated, as by the time you've probably seen that if you look in any of the translations of the Quran, which is not a bad translation in of itself, but I want you to think about the concept of Alaska, because you pray, salata lassoed every day.
And then, after salata Lhasa what begins to happen
the sun begins to set, and then the day is over.
Once motherhood comes in, that's it, the day is over. And so some of the scholars say that actually what is meant by here well, acid is not time. And it's general sense.
But that time of salata Lhasa in a specific sense,
as a reminder to mankind that time is running out.
And so Eliza doe swears by that, that time is running out, and that everybody is going to be at loss all of mankind.
All of mankind will be from amongst the losers,
except those who engage themselves in the four qualities that aligns with your mentions at the end of the sorta Illallah Deena Ave. wammie lusardi. Hattie, what's also been happy with the loss of a sub.
If a person is not involved in one of those four things, then it goes back to loss.
If you're not doing one of those four things, then what you're doing is eventually leading to you not being from those who allies with job described as being successful in this sort of.
And so a person should feel like that they feel that that time is running out, as has an adversity to Him alone, to say you have an argument in America, and to yen, oh, son of Adam, you are nothing but days, and you are made up of days either.
So if a day goes away, then part of you goes away. It's like you're losing limbs on your body, every time a day goes away except for those who believe who have even and do righteous deeds and mutually advise one another with the truth and remain patient upon that.
So these are the four ingredients to success and lie man is where it all starts. It all starts with LED men
with that proper belief system
followed up by action and there is no emotion without
that is that knowledge is a prerequisite for proper faith. And so it is a great blessing when we are able to use our time and the pursuit of knowledge of the deen because that is the foundation of all of the other things a person cannot do actions correctly, except that they have proper Amen.
And they cannot mutually advise one another with the truth that they don't know what the truth is. And they won't be patient upon that. If they don't know the proper creed and Allah subhana wa tada because we find so many
People who complain about everything, which means that they don't have patience with the lies of Jos decreed, nor do they have patience with mutually advising one another with the truth.
Today in shallow Tada, or tonight
the 30th of January corresponded to the 29th of the bill. Oh 114 35. We're going to continue with the second lesson
of the book, major sins, I'll come back by and remember that heavier him all the time.
Before going into the actual lesson of today, in order to kind of recall some of the things that we covered in the last class to set the
set the tone, if you will, for today's lesson, there is some category there are some questions that I have to kind of remind us of what we took the last time. The first question is, is it legitimate to categorize sin? That is that there are major sins and there are minor sins. Is this okay to do? Is this legitimate?
Yes. All right. What's the proof? How do you know that it's legitimate?
Okay, good. Because Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran in touch tinubu caballo Rahmatullah hoonah and who you care for, and come see it come in, if you avoid the major sins that you have been commanded to avoid? Allah will expiate for you, the minor sins, okay? So, and that comes in the Quran in more than one place, and likewise the prophets of the law, it was seldom
used words that would indicate that there are some sins that are more
grave than other sins, that they are graver than other sins.
The second question is, why is it important to know the cabac? If we say that sins are two categories, there are major sins and minor sins? Why is it important for us to know the major sins?
Exactly. So that we avoid them so that we can avoid them. It is very difficult to avoid something that you don't know.
Yes, there are certain things that are natural that mankind has been created upon Allah azza wa jal has put certain things in our fits on to instruct us to avoid certain things. But I'll give you an example. Just Just as a side note here, there are two major sins that are mentioned in the Quran that many Muslims fall into,
probably because they don't recognize that they are kabuye. And that is because many times we think of kebabs, or these major sins, as being things that we do. You think of fornication and adultery and consuming intoxicants and these types of things, and don't recognize the some of the major sins or actions of the heart.
So for example, you will find many Muslims, who believe that they will not be punished by laws.
They believe that they are good people, and because they are good, they will not be punished by a loss of $100. So they have no fear of the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala that in and of itself is a major sin. It is a major sin.
To believe that one is secure from the punishment of Allah subhana wa Tada.
The opposite of that is also a major sin, to despair from the mercy of Allah.
to despair from a loss of Hamlet, Allah's mercy is also a major sin. It's not minor,
both of these sins, except for whom Allah subhanaw taala has mercy upon you will find Muslims who fall into one of those two categories, many, many of the Muslims, so
if a person believes or does not believe that Allah will have mercy on them. And trust me, there are people out there who say, I've done so much wrong, that there is no way that a luck and forgive me when he has been that
what does that lead to?
leads to more sin.
It's like the man who killed 99 people is the only son of mentioned that had he, he killed 99 people. And then he went to an avid, an avid worshipper of a loss of Hemet data. And he asked him he said, Listen, I've killed 99 people. Is there any Toba for me? And the man said you killed 99 people there's no Toba for you.
What's stopping him from
so nothing stopped, and he killed that worshiper, and he became the 100th person.
Because if there's no Toba for him, and there's no hope for him, then what's stopping him from committing or going further into sin? Likewise, the person who feels secure from the punishment of a loss of what data he doesn't have any fear
of what a loss of what to add to me, due to him or loss of time without his punishment, and
then again, what is stopping him from doing those things that may anger allies with nothing. And that's actually in the book. Those two are mentioned here and in alphabetic dynamic, Debbie.
Yet Sumi Rahmatullah to despair from the mercy of Allah Subhana data, will m Newman metric Allah and to feel secure and safe from the punishment of a loss of habitat. Both of them are mentioned in this book and a shout out at some point, we'll get to them tight. So anyway, this was all a part of why it's important to know what the cabanas are so that we can avoid them. Third question is, what are some of the benefits of avoiding the Kobe? What are some of the benefits are one benefit that we get from avoiding the Kobe and it was mentioned by automatic earlier?
One benefit one minute now.
Which other sins? The minor ones not? Because if you avoid the major ones, then Eliza gel will expiate the minor ones, and there's a slight difference between forgiving and expiating. inshallah we'll cover it at some point.
Right? Likewise here, and when we look at it, we see that
we have this concept of obedience, and disobedience or sin, right? obedience is to do what Eliza gentle commanded you to do, and to avoid those things that he prohibited you from doing so knowing the cabana it helps you to avoid them as part of your obedience to a loss paradigm. And the opposite is true for disobedience. disobedience is not just to do something that Allah is prevented you from doing, but also to leave off something that aligns with Joe has commanded you to do. And as many of the scholars of Islam have mentioned, that that is actually a worse form of disobedience to leave off. What Allah commanded you to do, is actually worse in general, than doing what the last time
with Allah prohibited. And they cite as an as an evidence for that. The sin of Adam versus the sin of blease.
The sin of Adam, he did something that allies which prohibited him from doing and allies will they'll forgive him because he sought forgiveness from the last time he died, he may totally repented.
the sin of at least was what
he didn't do what allies with jail, commanded him to do.
And he became arrogant and allies will tell you and he cursed him as a result.
how many major sins are there? Then there's only one other question and then we'll get into today's lesson Sheldon.
700, I don't remember that one.
400. And some, like,
there's no specific number for the major sense in this book, my memory that he did mention 76 in this book, but there's no doubt about it. There are more. He Himself said that there's a chapter and at the at the very end of the book, where he mentioned about 50 more that he said could be considered from the major since like, the last question
is, and this is pertinent to exactly what we're going to talk about today. What is the definition of a major sin?
How would you define a major sin? If someone said to me, how do I know the difference between a major sin and a minus sin?
Okay, so major sin has a prescribed punishment, anything else we can add to that?
Or the threat of punishment in the hereafter. So there's been any this major sin, there isn't a prescribed punishment attached any sin, that there's a prescribed punishment attached to it in the dunya or the threat of punishment in the hereafter. Okay. Now, there are some other things that
are very difficult to mention in the definition, yes.
Or very good.
Or if the Prophet is allowed to send them or allies which are mentioned that this person is cursed in the Quran, as a result of of a particular action, then we know that that action is a major sin. Likewise, any of those actions
hobbies which you may hear, where the prophet SAW them says, He is not from us who does such and such men Russian policemen, he who cheats us is not from us cheating is a major sin we know we benefit that from the language of, of this Hadith, the prophet SAW a son of if he says, for example, if he denies he man, for a person,
like in the Hadith about
the one who drinks or consumes alcohol,
that he is not a Muslim is not a believer. So any of those it would have probably some says land is not a believer, this type of person is not a believer, then all of those are considered to be major sins, like
remember that heavy hammer hula hoops?
the book with that what do you call Kabira to oola or the first major sin, a shift?
And then he began he starts mentioning a definition for a shift. Now
why do you think that an amendment that would be started with should? Well there are numerous reasons but one of the most obvious of them is that Eliza gel it's an image is actually imitating the Quran because in the Quran, the first command of Allah subhana wa tada is what
the for Okay, the first command in the Quran is to worship Allah and to worship Him alone. And the first prohibition in the Quran
is not to set up rivals with Allah subhana wa Jai so if you open up the mishap right now, and you started SoTL Fatiha, you're going to read there are no commands and prohibitions and sorbitol fattier.
Then you go and you start with Elif lambing and salted butter until you get to the 21st is
a loss of Paradise says yeah you are ness or boo boo Rebecca mala de Hala Taka Medina, Makati, Kannada,
Rebecca, worship your Lord who created you to the end of the eye?
The very next I he says a lady and then he's talking about who this rub is that you are supposed to worship? Allah de Kala Kala ko la de da de la como Alba, Roshan was sama Amina Amina sama Eman for apologia humanism what it was called
for Allah tala he and
so, he says the one
who is this one that you are supposed to be worshiping the one who created you, the one who made the earth for you, who laid the earth out and made it as a place of residence for you and made the sky as a ceiling or a canopy and he sent down rain, from that rain, the fruits came forth as sustenance for you. And then he says for lead Tejon do the lay and so, do not set up any rivals with Eliza gel in that worship of him that he commanded you within the previous I went into tanomo and you know all of this, you know, that Eliza gel alone is the one who created you and sustains you and provides for you. So do not associate any partners with him Do not set up rivals with him in that worship. So the
first prohibition in the Quran
is the prohibition of ship. Likewise, most of the time when you look at those is where Allah Subhana Allah is prohibiting a number of things.
You will find that he as a widow starts with the prohibition of shift by consultants and Ann Coulter ILO at Luma, Hara, Morocco, Morocco. To
say, Come, I will recite to you that which Allah has prohibited upon you. The first thing is not to commit should not to set up any rivals and your worship with Allah subhanho wa Taala.
So the author Rahim Allah Allahu Allah says schoodic is to affirm. And this is here this is written on the paper in front of you should is to affirm that Allah has a rival even though he created you and to worship others along with Allah, such as stones, humans, the sun, the moon, a prophet of Shiva, Jenna star, a king, etc. So this is the explanation that a man has
to sum that up and many of the scholars mentioned this as a definition of shift, they say that should is Jabu Shay in Manhattan la de la, it is to
designate one of the rights that is specific to a loss of human data to someone else.
That is so that it will encompass both a shidduch as it relates to Eliza Joe's divinity and the one and the fact that He is the Creator. So anyone who comes and says that someone else has created along with Eliza gel or besides Allah subhana wa Tada, then this person is considered to be a Muslim based on the definition of shift.
Or if they say, because this is a big question that people have, well, if someone says that they don't believe in Allah, and they say that matter is, is the basis of creation, energy and matter.
Then they have attributed something that is the right of Eliza DeLeon from his Casa is from his specific characteristics and his attributes gela gelato and they have given that to something else. And based on that they're considered to be mostly cool
not just cool fun.
Likewise, if someone
devotes an act of worship to other than Allah subhanho wa Taala than they are considered to be a mushnik considered to be a missionary based on this definition of shift and shift is considered or should can be minor, and major and inshallah Allah will cover that at some time.
In the future, so, again, should is to designate any other laws rights to other than Allah subhanahu wa Tada, this is the definition of shift.
Now, many people
think that once they become a Muslim, then there's no reason to study shift, because we've already said La ilaha illAllah. And we've negated, you know, that that there's anyone that has the right to be worshipped except the last pan with data, and so therefore, there's no real point behind studying shift.
If that was the case,
then how do we understand the statement of Ebrahim and incident
when he was in Mecca?
And he made that do I to Allah subhanho wa Taala was called a evil all hemo Abidjan had and Bella the eminent was he knew when he was a Nia and nabooda osmin he said,
What in color Ibrahim, when he brought him said bidjan Bella Amina, Oh Allah, oh my lord, make this land that is Mecca, make it a safe place. And
what you knew when he was when he baniya and that will
keep me and my children from worshipping idols or worshipping statues.
Not only that, so we look at Abraham who was Ibrahim, he was considered to be emammal hoonah fan. I mean, he was the Imam of those who worship the lives of Joel alone. He broke statues with his hands with his with his own hands and went against his his people. And that is why one of the tabea in his name is Ibrahim attaining. He said we're men yet men on Bella Abadi Ibrahim, who is it that is safe from being tested.
After Ibrahim Jani, that is an Ebrahim. It is certain fears that he or his children may turn away from the worship of Allah subhanaw taala. And only it is only that Eliza doll has kept them on the straight path, then, who are we not to fear that issue of shift, I want to read to you something that will pay him by him will allow to anicet because it is profound as it relates to the issue of chicken I hope that you'll be patient it's not long. It's not long, but I hope that you'll be patient in listening to what he says it's a lie they
don't pay him says it. So he did this so that we understand the opposite of shift gears what
what is the opposite of should? So he absolutely should because till he that is to worship Allah azza wa jal alone to single him out and worship
him says it so he do. What Tibet will how
much obod den
So heat and following your lust and your desires are diametrically opposed. They're opposites. That is that you can't have to heat and a person who follows his home. It can't exist in the same place for in El Hawa Sana moon he said because desires hola is a son of what's a Sunnah
it's an idol.
A person's home is an idol in and of itself
will equally add in sauna moon Fie Colby. He has to be hower and every person has an idol
in his heart in accordance to his desires,
and coincides with his desire. So if he is someone who has a lot of desire to disobey Allah Subhana data, then that idol is huge in his heart. And if not, then it will be it will shrink.
color in the back, Allahu Sula, who because of me when he bet that he was the hula shaker, he said and allies will only sent His messengers with the purpose of destroying the idols, so that allies with gel would be worshipped alone,
while a samurai, the ladies of Hannah who Castle snam, and images said, we're talkin snam and latifi. And it is not the intent of Allah subhana wa to honor that the physical,
be tangible statues be broken, while the statues of the heart or the idols of the heart remains to be this is very deep. What he's saying is that it is not that these messengers were sent to destroy these tangible idols, but to leave the idols that people have inside of their hearts, their own desires to leave them alone without breaking them as well.
Color Belen moron just wilhemina can be a woman, rather, the intent is to destroy the idols of the heart first, before even destroying the idols that people may physically worship.
He then says this is the last statement here. What's the whole Hollywood economy and think about this statement of alcoholic? That is Ibrahim and s&m to his people. My heavy hitter Matthew Lottie and to Lucha attivo what are the statues? What are these idols? What are these images that you are so devoted to? And to let her on the phone you know the way to get right, make a decaf and Ramadan. In the last 10 days, what do you do in NTP, you devote yourself the word occupy the shape, Yana you, you become devoted to that thing and you seclude yourself from everything else, and only devote yourself to the thing that you are making he care for, and this case a loss of data. But Ibrahim
uses the same word, my head he Timothy, let's he Entomb the hockey phone? What are these images and these idols that you are so dedicated to and so devoted to?
He says, This is Kevin O'Connor himolla. He says, think about this statement of Ebrahim
how you find it, correspond or coincide directly
with the images or with the idols that people have in their hearts, and that they are so devoted to them, and that they worship them, as opposed to Allah subhanahu wa Tada. So when we think about should, yeah, a lot of times we think that all we're Muslim, and none of the Muslims are worshipping stars, which is not the case. Unfortunately, in certain newspapers in this country, you may find horoscopes, and people will read them, and some weak minded people may actually
believe them to a degree.
That in and of itself, that is that is a form of worshipping of the stars.
In the city of the Prophet, it is not to say that
there are many Muslims, who go visit the grave of the prophet Isaiah salatu salam, which is no problem with that whatsoever and it is the sooner to visit. Those who have passed on and return back to Eliza gel is the sooner to visit them and to remind oneself of the hereafter and make sure that allies will forgive them.
But there are some who visit the grave of the Prophet ideas. Salatu was Salam and they pass notes
written on pieces of paper, and they stick them into the the opening. And they asked the prophet Isaiah Salatu was Salam for things.
They may ask him for
which is impermissible,
they may ask the Prophet is allowed to sue them for a child.
They have been married for 10 years, and they haven't had a child yet. And they make do and they asked the Prophet sallallahu wasallam himself
to bless them with the child, and then I need the address for him.
Well, I have
as if he could provide them with the child and he should definitely know the address. And but this is the the level
of darkness that some of those who ascribe themselves to Islam find themselves in. And this is should.
This issue of chifa is a major issue. And at some point, hopefully, you know, we'll have the time to go into it in a bit more detail, but many people do not believe that it should
to ask for chifa from the province of the law, it was selling directly.
They believe that this is something that is okay. Or not just the profit idea. So not to say that, but the Olia if you will, the saints and they go to graves and they slaughter.
So then this Wali, or this saint can serve as a sheffey between them and Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is happening throughout what we will call the Muslim world today.
Unfortunately, and allies will discuss this in the cry, but i do i do think it's important to make a point here. What is chifa? Because this is honestly in this oma for those who have avoided actual grave worship,
this is still a major issue for people. And that is this issue of chifa. Believing that they need someone to intercede on their behalf in front of a loss of habitat. What? What? Uh
Okay, we have something we have shift between us
in this country is it's used every day, you know, what is called wasco
vital vitamin W. This, this is the common term for sure.
I think about it, because there's a subtle aspect of Medicare, a very subtle aspect where people don't when people don't see it, and for that reason, it becomes normal to them.
If someone say for example, you have a company, you are the CEO of that company, or you are the principal of a school, that's even an easier example to understand You are the principal of a school.
And basically, the school is filled up, there's no room for anyone to get in.
your brother comes to you. Okay. And he says, Listen, your nephew, my son, he needs to get into school. And you know that the kid is not really
in terms of his diligence and things like that. He's not a good student. And you know, he doesn't deserve to be in the school number one, and his school is full, but it's your brother.
So you can't, you know, you have this obligation to him because he is your brother.
So you feel like you owe it to him. And if you didn't allow his son to come into the school, we will create tension amongst the family. So in order to avoid those problems, then you let his son in the school?
Why did you accept a shift?
Because you want to avoid future problems.
Or maybe you owe somebody one as they say, You owe me one you remember I did a, b and c for you. Listen, take my son in the school, not your not your brother but someone else that that you owe somebody something for. And so you accept the issue of fire. The point is that you accept intercession on behalf of someone else because you want something in return. Without a doubt.
If it's only that you want a lot as wisdom
to reward you, you still want something in return. Is that not the case with every lesson? Somebody wants something in return even if it's miraculous, sincere for Allah subhanaw taala they want the reward from Allah, they want something like What does Allah want?
Allah needs nothing and who will need so this concept of shift is actually as if someone is saying that someone can go to Allah and be an intercessor
between them and Allah, even though allies with lm yet the gnome Yeah, and he didn't give them permission to do so. But Allah accepts their shift.
They are actually saying even though they won't say this off their tongue and they're not really conscious of it.
law needs something from that person or that he wants something in return. So that this issue of Shifang is very critical that the Muslims understand that it is a dangerous avenue to shift.
Like the author Rahim Allah tada after mentioning the definition of a ship.
He mentioned the statement of Allah subhanho wa Taala where he says in the law hilarya fuel and you should have to be where your fuel Medina dareka the manga, and did a lot does not forgive should, but he forgives, what is less than that, for whom He wills and this is actually mentioned twice and sort of denisa with different endings to the eye. Indeed Allah does not forgive shift, but he forgives what is less than that for whom he will stay. This book that we are studying is called alphabay major sins, where in this ayah does it indicate that shirk is a major sin?
was our definition of major sins?
Anything any sin?
which there is a prescribed punishment for the dunya or the threat of punishment in the hereafter tie? Where's that here?
Huh? Anyway, that alone won't forgive it.
That alone won't forgive it. This is this is a threat of punishment and the fear of that, that allies will will not forgive this and that everything else that is less than shared, that allies will will forgive it or that he
that it is tactical mushiya that is if he wills He forgives it. And if he does not, then he will hold the person accountable. If there's another
sort of to Zuma, well, lots of kind of dialysis could get a bad deal, Idina sort of water and who see him. Let's open up to midwife Mattila in a law her yoke field, Luba Jamia, he says, say oh my servants who have transgressed upon themselves, do not despair, from the mercy of Allah and deed a law forgives all sins.
And this one,
a law says he does not forgive shift.
And the other is, he says that he forgives everything,
which means shift is included.
So how do we understand these two eyes?
You don't need to know which came first. The only time we talk about which came first and which came last? If there's no way to harmonize between the two understandings then we start looking for is one of them abrogated or not
Now, even shift is a transgression against the person. So
the first is the I in the set. Yeah.
Good to stop there.
This i, this I, in the law young fetal de novo Jamia that Allah forgives all sins, for the one who makes Toba for the one who makes Toba even if it should.
You have people who were confirmed yesterday and then they came to Islam today and allies which I forgave them for everything that they did before that including the Khufu, including those who they worship besides Allah as the act of worshiping others besides Eliza, Allah forgave that they came to us now.
They've forgiven everything. A lot forgave everything. The IRS says in the law, lay a few unusual cameo film I do know that you can administer the law does not forgive should when he forgives, what is less than that for whom He wills. This means for the one who dies without tober
the one who dies without making Toba. So the one who dies without making Toba allies or jail does not forgive them for the sin of should. But for the other sins, that we're committed, even if a person didn't make Toba.
They are what is known as tactile mushiya. That is that they may be forgiven or they may be held accountable for those sins.
And this is when it comes to what the what they call Adam cabaye.
Nanny those people who are who have committed major sins, it is the belief of Allah subhana wa
that they are to tell machines that they are subject to the punishment of allies with them, but also subject to laws mercy. Whereas there have been, you know, heretical sects that have come out in the beginning, on in the first 100 years after Islam, one known as the heritage, who believed that if a person committed a major sin, then they were from the Kufa that they went outside of the fold of Islam is not the belief of the sinner. We believe that they are still Muslims, okay, but they have deficiency in their email
this is again, so that we understand this is talking about that is that Allah forgives all sins, for those who repent to Allah subhana wa Tada. But repentance says we're on the topic, and I think that there was an indication of it the last time that we that we met,
Toba has conditions.
And most of the scholars mentioned for four conditions with Toba and this is something that is critical for every Muslim to know.
The first condition for valid Toba is an item
that is to feel remorse,
to feel remorse.
This is the first step to repenting
that you feel like you've done something wrong you feel it inside of you that this is not right.
That I have wronged myself.
This is the first part of Toba.
condition or the second aspect of tober
is a collab and is
that the person removes himself from that sin.
So a person for example, cannot be engaged in the act of sin
and claim that they are making Toba.
For a person for example,
for example, someone who smokes
they have this problem, okay, and they smoke
and they want to they feel bad about it. Okay. But while they have the cigarette lit in their hand, they're saying it's stuck to the law. I really shouldn't be doing this. And then they keep smoking. That's not tober because the person is still engaged in the sin that they are seeking Toba from.
The third aspect to Toba is Allah zema. Allah Allah your UI, let them Yanni that is that the person has firm resolve
not to go back to that sin.
So take the example of the smoker again. Okay. He feels bad about it. And he's not smoking at that time. But, and it's Ramadan, for example. So it's door time and he's like, Yeah, he's not smoking and he feels bad. But he has every intention
of breaking his fast with a cigarette and he didn't take a date and then a smoke
so even though he's he feels bad about it, and he's not doing it at that time, he has intention of going back to to that sin. And therefore that is not considered tober.
It's not tober it is not tober 10.
Because the lies we just
describe the core endocrine, he described the Toba as being the suit that has to be sincere, as not as sincere tilbyr
the scholars add a fourth condition
if the sin that the person has committed relates to someone else, someone else's rights or their property.
So for example, let's just say the sin was
that a person stole money from someone.
Okay, or, or that someone paid them to do a job and they didn't do the job the way that they were supposed to do it. And then they feel bad about it. And they promised that they never gonna do anything like that, again. That's not enough.
You have to make that up to that individual, either by giving them their money back by finishing the job properly, or at least seeking their pardon for not having done what you were supposed to do.
Now, sometimes this gets sticky because a person may have
Taken or may have taken some money from an institution and they can't give that money back. And even if they tried to give the money back, they're gonna get arrested.
Then the scholars say that you have to still rid yourself of that money and give sadaqa on behalf of the individual whom you took the money from, and get rid of that money because it doesn't belong to you. And there are other situations like when a person is back, bitten someone. A person is involved in backbiting. They slander someone, and they speak evil of them. If that person doesn't know that you have spoken evil of them, then the scholars have mentioned that in this case in general, that the pro weighing the pros and the cons, the Muslim on them, I've said that in general is better not to inform that individual if it's going to create a bigger problem between you and that individual
and that instead that you seek forgiveness. You know, for that individual you ask Allah Subhana Allah to forgive them of their sins that you mentioned them in a good light as much as possible.
Like, this is the issue of Toba it just to wrap it up, so we have remorse. And what else
for Toba to be accepted.
resolve. So we will still huh? And repayment redemption. Maybe allow them by redress model. Anyway, there are a bunch of ours there repentance
is what we're talking about, because that's what Toba is. And under that there are these the others that we mentioned those conditions.
Now, next, Allah subhana wa tada says, In the hooman, usually Billa Boko Haram Allahu Allah his agenda my Well no. So then Amanda divey Rahim Allah to Allah mentions the statement of Eliza gel. Indeed he who associates others with Allah, Allah will forbid him from the garden in hell will be his boat. like where is the evidence in this ayah that should is a major sin.
He'll forbid him from agenda, and hell will be his abode. So this is the threat of punishment and to hear after by email with that he then goes on to say we'll call it to add in the sugar level moonalice. In addition, alliance with Joe the exalted says surely committing shirt is the greatest injustice. So here being described as the greatest injustice is a clear indication that it is a major sin, along with many other is in the Quran. The man Rahim Allah to Allah goes on to say therefore,
whoever associates anything with a law and dies as a Muslim,
is undoubtedly a permanent resident of hell.
The person who dies as a mushrik
committing should associating others with allies, which does not make Toba does not return back to Allah subhanahu wa tada and worship Him alone, a permit he will be a permanent resident of hell. Conversely, He who believes in Allah, and dies as a believer will be from those who dwell in Paradise, even if he is punished before entering gender. And this is the belief of the sooner we'll determine that there will undoubtedly be those who enter agenda without any he said they won't be taken to account they will not be punished, they will go straight to agenda
and we ask allies will gel to make us foremost
and there will be others and that and those people are the ones who have perfecto heat Yanni they have only fully manifested all of the aspects of tawheed. As for
their Yani, as it says here, that he who believes in Allah and dies as a believer, then he will be from those who dwell in paradise the prophet SAW I saw him Sam and lucky Allaha la usually could be he Shay and tequila Jenna whoever means a lot without having associated any partners with him. He will enter gender prophecy Some said men can accurate akademia dunya La la la la la la Jenna, whoever his last speech in the dunya is not Isla de la. Then he enters gender it does not say that he enters that he necessarily enters gender without being first purified by the fire. And here I want to mention something else, inshallah to Allah as we as we wrap it up.
Even though Chi and Rahim Allah Allah says in a book called modality Sadie keen,
he says for the aalesund ob the latter two inheriting
If you had to tell her on behalf of dunya he says that for the people who commit sins in this life, there are three huge rivers that they are purified in in this dunya there are three rivers that they are purified and in this dunya he's not talking about the Nile in the Euphrates.
He says for lm toughie, Vito hurry him. So he rufina ninja Hemi omocha.
If their purification
complete in this life and those three rivers, then they will be purified in the river of algae him that is the river of fire in the hereafter.
He says now tobert in
the river of sincere repentance, which we just talked about.
This is a purifier for the believer for the believer who has sins to purify himself in the river have a toll button the sewer sincere repentance
one now has a net almost a very catchy lil mo hate to be here.
And then there is the river of good deeds which encompass and surround the evil deeds of an individual as allies with Joe says in the Quran in the hacer net, you the hibben assiette that indeed the good deeds do away with the evil deeds. And so a person a Muslim, may have some sins and will have sins.
The problem is when sometimes advice was what it's been hasn't had to be a Seattle has an attempt
and follow up a baddie with a good deed it will erase it.
So this is a another
river, metaphorical river in this dunya that the Muslim can use as an opportunity to purify himself of the sins he may have committed. Then he says when na hiromasa Avi laulima al maka Fira
and likewise the river of great calamities which expiate a person's sin,
the Prophet sallallahu wasallam mentioned
an authentic hadith, that there is nothing,
no harm that befalls the believer,
even a prick of a thorn, except that it is an expiation of his sins.
So these are three ways that a person's sins can be removed in this life.
It goes on to say for either on either law will be at the higher law at Hello, who had a heavy hand and hardest Elijah. He says so if allies were
once good for his servant, then he will put him in one of these three rivers.
For what are the lpm It's a tie even for Hera, for lemmya oenothera water and so he will come on the day of reckoning, good and clean and pure, and will not need to be purified and the fourth river or the other will.
So, the believer The one who believes in Allah dies upon to heat then he will be from those who dwell in paradise even if he is punished before entering gender. Then the Prophet alayhi salatu was sent at night. Then the author Rahim Allah Lota, Anna
mentions the statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where he said
aloud, Moodle can be activated kabaya Allah when a bill can be debated. Alicia aku Billa the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
shall I not inform you of the gravest of the major sins should with the law and then he mentioned a number of other things in this hadith is collected by aluminum both a manageable Hardy and Muslim. The sixth Heidi in it. That's clear. That's clear that this is he's saying the ship is the greatest or the greatest of the major since
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also said it's 10 he blew a seven and movie cons but that God Amina should avoid the seven destructive sins and then he mentioned as one of them, that this this concept of avoiding is different than just leaving and I mentioned
In the last class, and that is that to avoid something is, is deeper that HTML is deeper than just leaving it off. avoiding it means that everything that leads to it as well you stay away from.
And so this is why and we find in many places in the Quran that aligns with Joe will instruct us to even avoid those things which may be considered minor sins, okay, but they lead to the greater sense. And the example that was given last time was a verbal bustle. And either a person lowers his gaze, because that's usually the start of something else, and illicit relationship that may lead to one, you know, committing Zina or the other will. And then the last Hadith that the author mentioned is the statement of the prophets of the light it was seldom remembered della Dena who fuck Hulu and he says that the Heidi The sorry, and it is. So here it is correct collected by any memorable hearty
by him, although to honor the prophets of the light it was son of setting this Heidi capital punishment is to be exact it on he who changes his deed.
And so this is one of the indications that the person who leaves off Islam.
Well, how do you how do you how does this indicate that shift is a major sin?
where it should care where it should even mentioned that this howdy? Hey, yeah, because if you leave off Islam, if you reject Islam, then there is nothing left. But surely, if you reject towhee, then the opposite of that is should.
This Hadith needs a class in and of itself. And it's beyond the scope of this book. And that is the book of major sins.
And honestly, I translated it like this for a reason.
Because some people and a lot of people say whoever changed religion killing.
But we don't have arbitrary killing in Islam is not just that somebody says, for example, that they don't want to be Muslim anymore, or something like that. And somebody says, Oh, really. And then they believe that they can
carry out the Hadoop.
And so that's why I left it as capital punishment. Because capital punishment, you understand from that, that that is to be something that is left to the state to handle that is not we don't have vigilante Ghani mentality in Islam, a person just goes out, he wants to handle the produce, he found somebody stealing something from him, he wants to chop his handle, we don't have that type of system in Islam, there is a justice there is a system of justice that this person goes through, to remove off any doubts that may have been present to make sure that in fact, this crime has been committed. And then that is left up to the judge to decide how that is going to be dealt with. And so that is
why it was translated as capital punishment is to be exactly. And why is that and other all of the other things that relate to this, that is left to another topic and charlo time, I believe that the time for tonight's class is up. Yeah.
I'm gonna get to questions. It's gonna
get the question. So, but um, inshallah Tada.
We'll continue with the book, The next Kabira is kotlin. And we won't, we won't just do one each time. But the importance of this issue of schicke
maybe made me believe that it was critical to just deal with the issue of shift today. So that we are tonight, so that we recognize how subtle it can be and creep up on an individual and the author himself is going to mention other aspects of, for example, the 33rd Kabira, or the 33rd major sin is Aria, which is to show off to be ostentatious and this is this is a form of ship is mine a shirt it doesn't take one outside of the fold of Islam necessarily okay. But it is also is considered to be a major sin. And there are other branches of Shrek that will be mentioned as we continue in Charlottetown and so we asked Eliza gel to increase us in knowledge and righteous actions Aloma and
then they may have found that when find every Muslim tena was it in an enema? We ask Allah Subhana Allah to make us from the people of to heat and to make our last speech in the dunya La ilaha illallah wa hamdulillah horrible anime and inshallah tada if there any questions related to the topic then we'll take them now further.
Sent very good light? And that's a good question. The question is, how do we reconcile
between worshiping Allah alone
and at the same time, hoping for his reward, and staying away from sins, fearing his punishment. The fact of the matter is that it doesn't need reconciling. And that is because Eliza gel is the one who informed us of his reward, and we only hope for his reward from him.
Agenda Almog, Fira, to the end of it. This is something that we want from Allah, as well not from anyone else. And likewise, the fearing of allies with those punishment and us staying away from sin. For that reason, takes nothing away from the fact that we are solely worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala. I'll give you an example. And maybe this will make it a bit clear.
We'll go back to the issue of of smoking,
a person may
avoid smoking. for no other reason than that they know that this is something that is displeasing to a loss of data. So they leave it off.
They leave it off solely for long, there's no one else that they are leaving it off for. And at the same time, they fear allies who deals punishment if they continue, in this particular sin.
Another person leaves off smoking, because it's prohibited on the job.
And if he smokes, then he's going to get fired. And if he gets fired, then his wife is going to divorce him and to the enemy. So
he leaves off smoking solely for that purpose.
Not because he is fearing a loss of data or hoping from a reward from Allah.
With that, you see the difference between someone who does it for a loss of data, even though they fear some punishment from a lot or hope for some reward from Eliza. It doesn't take away from the fact that it is still strictly for Eliza junk.
There's an interesting
treaties written by shapeless name and tell me about him all the time, that deals with a heretical concept that came into Islam. And
fourth and fifth century where there's some people that say
that you only worship Allah, you only worship Allah,
out of love for last Canada, not fearing his punishment, or hoping for his reward. Because if you do something and you want something in return,
then this is not to heat
and that is blasphemous in and of itself. And the way we know that is because Eliza was sent down the Quran and encouraged us to seek Jenna
encouraged us to seek Jenna and mourn does from the fire. If this was something that we shouldn't be doing, if it was if we were supposed to not fear the fire and we were we were not supposed to want gentlemen. Then why did Eliza gel in the Quran that was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed some light it was something conveyed to mankind why there's so many ayah that detail the pleasures of gentlemen and the horrors of the Hellfire for what other reasons then that allies with Joe wanted us to want Jenna and fear to fire. And so this this concept is something that is heretical in our selvan is not it didn't exist amongst the early the early Muslims
now any other Yeah, father
a tie. What What is injustice that is to well, a vowel Jani in Arabic is water is Sheffield at moldy, and is to put something
in an improper place where it doesn't belong. Okay. So
before we talk about shift, let's take an example that maybe we can relate to.
If you have a and this is something that many brothers here may may recognize some people come here and they leave their families and their home countries and they come here and they work diligently and they send money back
every month to take care of their
wife and children. Are you aware of that? By
now you have a person, maybe he stays here sometimes two years, three years and never sees his family never sees his wife. Okay? He goes back,
he goes back home,
and his wife is three months pregnant.
How do you think that this individual is going to feel?
He feels betrayed. Because his whole purpose being here was to provide for his family. And he's doing that his children were told that the money is coming from this, this other guy.
And so they never thank the Father.
For all of the work that he's doing here in Saudi Arabia, sending his money back to wherever he's sending it to.
This is the case where this man
provides for his children he was, he's their father. So he's the Sabbath. And if you will, he's from the reason that Alize will use for their, for them to be in existence. But there was some infidelity. That word means a lack of sincere pneus fidelity is being sincere. When they say infidelity, Jani someone is not being sincere.
forget that example. Because that's just something to help us and perhaps get a an understanding. What about the maker of the heavens in the earth, your maker, your Creator, your sustainer, Maliki, Omid de, the judge on the on that day of judgment,
the one who provides the air that you breathe, and who gave you what no one else could give you gave you to the intellect to recognize his existence. Matter, as a matter of fact, made it a part inherent in your nature.
The same way that a human, if a human was brought up in seclusion,
not mixing with any other human beings, they would not be able to avoid the feelings of hunger, because this is how they were created. So they need to eat, they wouldn't be able to avoid the feelings of thirst, loneliness, a desire for love or for being loved. These are things that human that the same way the human being has a natural inclination to turn to Allah.
this individual was too arrogant
to accept that.
And so instead of worshipping Allah azza wa jal alone,
they worship others, along with allies origin, which is shift,
and associated partners with him. And they were not sincere to Allah Subhana who were to add
the one who created them, now we understand when it's between us.
Yeah, so panela What about the Creator of the heavens in the earth, and not being sincere in one's worship to him in the shed gullible? manavi and this is one of the reasons of many, why should is without a doubt, the greatest injustice and the greatest of sin. And there's so many people who have had a law who do not
with the with the measure of Islam, if you will, do not use the scales of Islam. And they say similar things, they say things like, why is it that good people will be punished by laws?
And the answer is B if the law good people will not be punished by lost paradise, they'll be rewarded by law. But what is your definition of good?
What is your definition of good is being good just to you know, feed thy neighbor
or give charity every once in a while or is that is that what good is or is good deeper than that and goes beyond that is good first a recognition
of your Creator and then doing what is done for him alone. Because a person can give charity because they want they want a legacy. They want to be looked at by people as being
a philanthropist or whatever. If it's not done for Eliza with gel alone, then it is not good in the sight of a loss Peridot
Right, second, okay. Yeah, so the brother reminds us of the Hadith of
the Allahu taala and when he was writing on the behind the prophets I saw them on a donkey and the prophets I saw them said, Yeah why the teddy mahakala under the bed on a happily barely on a law. Do you know what the laws right
over his servants is in the rights of his servants over him hakala and time will do
the right of a law is that you worship Him alone and that you do not associate any partners with him and that worship to the end of the Heidi and a lot of primadonna knows best long items a lot of subtle a lot of kind of enormous mechanical, Shadow night and stuff.