Tafseer of Surah Muhammad #1
Channel: Suleiman Hani
File Size: 47.11MB
Our topic inshallah Tada is a topic that includes the framework of the Tafseer of sorted Mohammed Allahumma Salli, wa sallim wa barik ala Nabina Muhammad, and within that we are inshallah Tada going to be extracting 10 principles for happiness and success in two different facets one for you and the second for the OMA. So, these are 10 principles when I get to an idea that has one of these 10 principles inshallah to Allah, I will tell you this is principle number such and such, for now leaving the Lightoller we want to begin with the tip seat of the surah. So I will ask you Inshallah, to Allah to have basically opened next to you or on your computer device for under calm and go to
solid mohammedia surah number 47. Just so you can follow along with me later on, rather than switching back and forth with a presentation or the screenshare follow along which Allah Tala as we talk about it, but let's begin with the context here. The Surah itself derives its name from the eye that references the Prophet salallahu Alaihe. Salam, the name Muhammad is mentioned in the second area of this surah. And a quick question here and of course, feel free in the chat to answer these questions in sha Allah Allah. Quick question here. How many times is the name of Prophet Muhammad? sallallahu alayhi wa salam mentioned in the Quran.
How many times is Muhammad slicin mentioned the Quran
Okay, now how many times is a name of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam mentioned in the Quran?
So four times you have Mohammed one time you have a right so five times in total by name, Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
the rest of the references or titles Yeah, you will also you will be or messenger or Prophet. These are an honor to the Prophet salallahu Salam, whereas with other messengers and prophets, for example, yeah Zakariya or Yeah, who didn't ketover before. So they were not given that title in terms of the the name as it was being mentioned or Yeah, Ibrahim
and this surah has other names as well. So that Muhammad is also known as what who can tell us are two other names that the surah is known by? What are they the first is Surah to Mohammed and then you have two other names
so that Mohammed is known as
Surah to tan, excellent Zach muslin, and you come to see why when we get to inshallah Tada. Another of the names like many Soren no Quran, referenced by the Prophet sallallahu sallam, or the companions or the tabulating or the opening verses. So soret, basically Alladhina CAFO. These are the opening words is the opening, I have the song. So this is what it's known by. Now, what's important here is the story, the historical context that every one of us needs to understand in order to benefit from the surah in terms of TIF seed, as well as from the principles that we will extract the contents of this surah testified that it was sent down after the digital. So the Muslims
had been persecuted for a long time. And they were not given permission at that time to fight back. They were not allowed to fight back in Mecca, but they flood and there was the migration to Hijra near 622. And they ended up establishing basically a home in Medina Alhamdulillah and this was revealed right before the Battle of better does that Muslim you're getting ahead of yourself, masha Allah, may Allah bless you. Now you're excited for the trivia questions with Hamdulillah.
And you'll notice automatically with the very first area with the opening of the Solon, that it is extremely unique Alladhina Cafaro. And the surah itself in terms of the structure in terms of the ending of verses in terms of the style, it is a very unique surah. And anyone who's memorized this, alongside many other sort of knows that sort of Mohammed is very unique in its style. And Alladhina Cafaro begins immediately when those who disbelieve those who disbelieve, you'll know that one of the main themes of the surah are the rules of engagement. So again, Muslims had been prevented from fighting back even though they were persecuted. Some Muslims had been killed. They were harassed
constantly in Mecca, they were boycotted, starred, and so when they made it to Medina, there was permission that was given to them. And some of the rules are laid out in the Surah. That's not one of the only things but that is a primary part of the context of this surah. At that time, Muslims were dealing with persecution, life was very miserable for them for the muhajir ruin for those who had emigrated. Basically, the flourishes, we're not leaving them, leaving them alone. It's not like the Muslims made it to Medina, now they're safe forever. No Christ was still prepared to attack them to gather the resources that they had stolen from them, the immense amount of money that Muslims had
to leave behind. Some of them were extremely rich, extremely wealthy, but they were persecuted and they had to choose between
remaining in Mexico with their wealth and giving up their faith or migrating to Medina with the Muslim community. So they fled as refugees and they went to Medina and there was a basically a small settlement there, then that ended up becoming something much greater. But I want you to think about the use of their wealth that was taken by force. Some of them when they wanted to migrate, like Abdullah, Hassan bin off and others, when they wanted to migrate, they they essentially had to make a decision between dunya and an athlete, or you're choosing between two things. Can you imagine being a millionaire and being told, if you want to leave Mecca, where you made all your money off of
us for the last 1520 30 years, you can leave to Medina, but you cannot take anything with you. All of it stays here. So they took that wealth by force, it did not belong to them. Keep that in mind, because that's a very crucial point.
Muslims left, they went to Medina.
And although they were prevented from fighting before Allah subhanaw taala eventually permitted fighting for them in Surah, Al Hajj, the verses that were revealed, as well as later on enjoined fighting in Solothurn Baqarah, verse 190. And they are verses with very specific context. And I don't want us to misunderstand or for anyone to misunderstand. So I will frequently be adding these disclaimers because some people will take it out of the Quran that were applicable for specific incident or time or place where it may you may derive rulings from it in terms of the scholars deriving rulers or rulings from it. But people are taking these ideas out of context,
misunderstanding Islam, or mis applying rulings within Islam. So the Muslims are now in Medina, they basically don't have anything they're starting from scratch. And think about the two types of Muslims here you have in terms of experience, Mo Haji rune, who went through persecution they experienced sacrificing for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. They experience being robbed, harassed, killed, so many and all the Aloha, they witnessed what happened to her what happened to her family, they witnessed what happened to the Muslims, they remembered what happened to Abercrombie alone, one when he was beat by a number of people and probably alone one and many
others. So they know the sacrifices they put forth, to hold on to their Islam, the unsought in Medina, relatively peaceful experience so far as Muslims, nothing significant had happened so far. So the early believers of Mecca had already experienced hardships and knew what it meant to have to sacrifice physically and materially all types of things. Of course, this does not take away anything from the onslaught of Medina because they ended up hosting the Muslims and joining the expeditions and participating but at this point, they have not yet experienced, of course, what they will hide, you don't have the experience in terms of the persecution for more than a decade. Now, early Muslims
here given permission to finally engage. And what happened was a number of
caravans would go back and forth to Mecca Mecca was an economic powerhouse. And these caravans now are basically the caravans that were owned by the pagans, The Kure sheets, and they were utilizing the wealth that was stolen the property that was stolen from the Muslims, it did not belong to the people of paradise, it did not belong to the pagans. So they stole this wealth, they took it by force, and the Muslims had to flee for their lives. And now they were trading. Now they are buying and selling. And it's very important for us to consider here, this factor in that.
It says though, the plan for the flourishes was let's use everything we can, financially, economically, everything we took from these Muslims, to basically gather ourselves to gain enough weapons, military, whatever we need, and then go follow them where they are in Medina. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, of course, had to take action. And we know that he does not make mistakes religiously, in terms of what is right and wrong, morally SallAllahu wasallam. And so he gave the command to actually go after the caravan of Abu Sofia. So one of the pagans who basically was
amongst the elite and attacking the Muslims and all of that, and he was also a trader. So the money that was stolen from the Muslims is being used now for these caravans taking back and forth a number of stolen properties of exile Muslims and eventually amassing a number of weapons and materials in order to eventually catch up to the Muslims in Medina with a pending or inevitable war that was to take place. So the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam commanded the Muslims to intercept these caravans, and this is something that was morally specific to that situation and cannot be taken out of context. This is not the case of a militia. This is not the case of random individuals or vigilante
taking back the wealth of the Muslims No. Now this is the case of a new state, a state and another state, right? You have rulers, you have leaders, you have laws, you do not have vigilantes here.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam commanded this because it would benefit the Muslim ummah, it would bring back some of the things that were taken from them. So this is something that was permissible at that time. And again, for that specific context. Some people misunderstand the intersection of these caravans and attack on these caravans and they start to say, Oh, this is very violent. How can they do that? And other people start to derive the wrong types of rulings from it. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, never ever commanded something that was evil and never committed anything that was evil, the Prophet salallahu Salam is the messenger of Allah. And it's auto Salam.
So if this was something that was commanded, it is morally good. And there's a justification for it. And the context here was already given in that this was the wealth of the Muslims, there is no such thing as hiding amongst them Meccans and uprisings and overthrowing or attempted assassination. That's not what this was. This is the case of a state the Muslim state, taking back what belongs to it and preventing greater harm when the inevitable battle was to take place. Furthermore, Muslims cannot go to that specific time in history or any time in history and just derive their own Islamic rulings. No, you go back to the scholars, the scholars know how to extract rulings. Maxim's
principles, there is a methodology for it. When Muslims or anyone start to come up with their own methodology, it leads to problems. The Prophet salallahu Salam did as he was commanded and commanded the Muslims to intercept these caravans, in order to protect them in order to bring back just a portion of the wealth that was stolen from them, it was nothing compared to what was taken from them and it was sanctioned it was permitted at that time. So the surah begins with all of this in mind, this is the context the battle embedded is going to take place. So there is a military tone to the surah there is a strong aggressive tone to the Surah it does not begin with for example, Alif Lam
mean Hammy. Subhanallah Hema is similar to mafia, automatically Alladhina Tefo was subdue answer de la he or Mala Armada home think about the people who will eventually hear this surah think about the people who are attacking the Muslims at this time. Those who disbelieve and they hinder others from the way of Allah, Allah will render their deeds no void, they are gone. Now the word used here Alladhina cattle was sought do interesting here so do can be understood in two ways. It means that they themselves have refrained from following the path of Allah and they are preventing other people from following the true path. Code for to reject the truth is bad as it is as a crime as a sin. But
to hinder other people as well says a lot about the type of evil coming from that person know what the context here in this very first area is about disbelievers. Let's think about the lessons we can take as Muslims to for you to fall into sin is a crime against your soul. You are oppressing yourself. You are transgressing the boundaries of Allah. There is self oppression.
For you to hinder others from doing good is another crime altogether. It's an additional sin. What are some examples of that, that Muslims may experience? Someone give us an example of preventing others or discouraging others from doing what is right. What are some examples that might come to mind?
While some people are chatting and typing it up inshallah Tada. One example is a sister who mentioned that her group of friends had discouraged her for years from wearing the hijab. So she talked about it many times, anytime it came up, they kind of they discouraged her, really, you know, the difficulties at work, people are going to treat you're different. They as well. Were not wearing hijab at the time. And so she said, I felt discouraged. And that was one of the main reasons it took me so long is because I realized later on, my friends were not encouraging me to do an act of worship. They were discouraging me from doing that. And in fact, they made fun of me that I wanted
to do something good. A man who mentioned he wanted to become religious and abandon certain sins and drugs and marijuana and other things. He said, My friend started making fun of me. You think you're gonna be religious? Who are you to become a religious guy like who are you? We know what you've been doing all these years. You think you now can become religious? May Allah subhanaw taala protect us. What are some other examples? Here's some great ones right here. mockery of people are doing good, excellent example. Telling someone you shouldn't do good stuff because you don't want hijab or you're not Muslim because you miss prayers. excellent example. Judging and shaming Ramadan Muslims,
excellent example memorization that you will free up plan and be punished for that. So telling people basically what's the point of Maritza plan if you forget, it's simple. So then you're discouraging people
In terms of the comments on Ramadan, Muslims, shaming people is a really important point here, it's extremely important for us to consider that there is a way to give advice in a way to address different audiences. Without making an entire group of people feel like their attempt to get closer to Allah subhanaw taala is a bad thing. However, while we're advising those who are taking advantage of the month of Ramadan, we are reminding them as well. If you are able to do this, and worship Allah and Ramadan, remember that Allah subhanaw taala is the Lord of all months right now just the lord of Ramadan. So there's a way to to advise without making people feel discouraged. So in this
particular context, these are people who disbelieve, and they are preventing others as well. And this could mean a number of things, number one, forcibly preventing other people from doing acts of worship. And that is, of course, a great crime. The second is to persecute the believers so that it becomes difficult for them to remain strong Muslims, and for other people to embrace Islam, in view of the difficult conditions. And this is the case in many parts of the world today, you looked at the situation with the Oilers, may Allah make it easy for them and relieve them and grant them justice along the mean, they are in concentration camps, and those who are not are still persecuted
and discouraged from practicing Islam. The same goes for a number of other places in the world, in India, and in France, and in Palestine, many places around the world, if I were to list them, that's all we would be doing today. These are examples in which there is not just a forcible prevention, but rather a persecution of those who practice Islam, and a discouragement so that people are either losing their faith, or those who are interested, will think twice and say, You know what, I don't want to deal with Islamophobia. I don't want to deal with that bigotry, I don't want to be persecuted, I don't want to deal with that discomfort, my life is okay as it is. The third type of
way is for someone to mislead people, in terms of the religion and its followers in different ways and to create doubts in their hearts so that people become suspicious of the religion itself. So this is the pathway that is not necessarily political or aggressive in terms of physical violence, but it is intellectual. And so now people are going to discourage others through downs. And you find that, generally speaking, people will raise their children a certain way society will facilitate certain laws, and they don't think about the future impact that it will have on other people of faith. Sometimes they do sometimes, there is an intentional push for certain ideas, certain beliefs,
or in moral values, through policies and through other things. In order to change, let's say, the systems of education, what people are learning, for example, in the United States of America, what are Muslims learning if they were to go only to public school, and they were to attend a secular university and attend and learn secular humanities? What is going to happen through that system of education, and the training that Muslims experienced in terms of their faith? And we see already what's happened to Christians at large in some places, and many different strands of Christianity. But what about Muslims, we're noticing the impacts already, of going through systems in which you
are being taught certain things that contradict the truth, or are just blatantly false, or they contradict Islam, or they try to make people doubt, Islam. This is what's happening to many people today. And then they wonder, as they looked at Islam with a lens of skepticism, or objection, they wonder why this and why that but you don't realize for you to object to something in Islam means you have a different reference point of religiosity or religion, or morality. And so you cannot claim you're objecting to something of morality in Islam unless you claim you have something better, may Allah protect us all. So we have to be cautious even in terms of the education that we have. So yes,
generally, for example, Muslims say everyone should seek knowledge, education is very important. And we should push for our sons and daughters to have really good education and Hamdulillah. But what does that mean? We need to sometimes get into the details of what that entails and to look at their systems of influence around us and in their lives, because the things that they consume, whether it is entertainment, or is school will impact their belief systems and we have to all be cautious of that and strategic in our approaches, because we value what we have and we want to protect it at all costs. And then Allah subhanaw taala says you number two, well Adina while I'm you know Saudi had as
for those who believe and they do righteous deeds, what am I on will be my new Xena, Allah Mohammed well, who will help them you're robbing him kefir on him say to him, was La Bella, I'm going to ask a question here. Allah subhanaw taala says those who believe and they do righteous actions, and then we're M and will be man who Zina Adam la masala Allah and Amina Muhammad. Why does Allah subhanaw taala emphasize even though it's mentioned those who believe in do righteous deeds, do they not already believe in the prophets Allah Islam? Yes, they do. What am and will be
New Zealand Allah Mohammed, there's a repetition and an emphasis that is specific to believe in what was revealed to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam or why? Why is this mentioned the separate mention of the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam who can tell us?
Who can tell us why there's a separate mention here
so after the appointments of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe, salam to prophethood a person's belief in a law and the earthly law and the former messengers in the books cannot be beneficial until you also believe in what a Prophet sallallahu Sallam brought to that mostly in an excellent mesa. So it is because number one there are. There were Christians and Jews at the time. And this again, is in Medina. So they said we believe we're also believers in Allah. We're also believers, in previous messengers and prophets are righteous people, but then they would reject what was revealed to the final messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And because there were some people who rejected the
title of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they disbelieved in him. They said his this man is just Mohammed right Salallahu Alaihe Salam, and Allah subhanaw taala is reminding them, even though everywhere else in the Quran, the name Mohammed is used some ally seldom, or even Ashman, when it is used Allah Subhana Allah mentions the title, but we'll assume right or nubby. So Allah mentioned his title everywhere else here. He's he thinks of pantalla. In other words, and those who believe in what was brought down to Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, the man that you know as Mohammed that you are rejecting. This is the man that is a messenger and Allah Subhanallah is not referring to him by his
title in this place. And this is the way that the people who disbelieved would address him by his name, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so it's a reminder to them what was brought down to him, You must also believe in that this is the truth from Allah subhanaw taala. Those who believe in it, because follow on from sejati Allah will wipe away all of their sins, everything that came before and the second thing Allah subhanaw taala will protect them from evil Creed's thought moral action, everything that is a straight will also have Allah and Allah subhanaw taala rectify their affairs, meaning change their previous condition, and put them on the right path because they were
disbelievers before. And now because they believed in the Prophet salallahu Salam, they will be taken out of a place of oppression and helplessness and the condition of being persecuted and now there is a condition for them to finally succeed to protect themselves against the oppressors, the people of color actually pagans and now they will be given the upper hand Tawheed for us the Oneness of Allah subhanaw taala is the source of Salah and Islam for us and for society to rectify our affairs to rectify and reform society for the better May Allah subhanaw taala protect us all Allahumma me the third area of this surah May Allah Subhana Allah was to benefit from it. Then he
can be under Ladino Kofoed turbo rule about the people who disbelieved or following falsehood one Alladhina is another emphasis on believers disbelievers believers, disbelievers. These are two groups being emphasized time and again. When Alladhina Amrita will help me Robbie those who believe are following the truth from their Lord Koudelka. Yoruba loveliness. I'm thorough, and Allah subhanaw taala is showing people their true state of faith, this is the reality. And if you're choosing what's good, this is a sign of goodness in your heart and a sign of the blessings of Allah subhanaw taala upon now, the area we're about to cover has so much within it that needs to be
unpacked. This is a a four, and there are rulings that came from this but there are some disclaimers I have to mention here. First of all, this idea cannot be taken, let's say in the modern world or in 100 years or in 1000 years cannot be taken out of context to justify attacking a random disbeliever or attacking a Muslim attacking caliphate or attacks on innocent people. No, of course not. I know we all know this. I know we all know this. And this is something that generally 2 billion Muslims in the world understand these are verses of the Quran. And this specific item. No Quran has a particular time and application history context to it. And when there are rulings that are derived,
the rulings are used in the proper way in time by nation states by governments, not by individuals, and definitely not by groups that are trying to hijack Islam for political reasons or being used by others for political reasons that they have nothing to do with actual Muslims, or the reputation of 2 billion Muslims in the world today. So this idea cannot be taken out of context. Why does this need to be addressed this topic of the rules of engagement, the rules of war? Well, if you think about morality, right and wrong, good and evil, the way that you carry yourself the things that you do at work, the things that you do when you study, the things that you do with your family, the way
that you interact with society. There are rulings for all types of things. And of course, if you have rulings for smaller things, let's say rulings on prayer, or how to make well these are very simple
What are things in Islam? What about war? What about the rules of engagement, of course, there have to be rulings in the Quran the detail and the detail for the Muslims then especially what to do, and what's allowed and what is prohibited. So this was sent down after the command for fighting began, but before the actual fighting began, According to some scholars, when you meet the disbelievers in the battlefield, so this is before the Battle of what the Battle of budget faded, accumulating a capital for long battery power, when you meet them for the upcoming pending battle indicates that it had not yet taken place when it happens. And then there are certain things that you have to do to
learn about recall, to strike their necks, meaning what subdue them, like, force yourself to be as victorious as possible, be very firm, be very strong and subdue them. Remember, this is the context of Polish, attacking persecuting the Muslims for over a decade. And now there is basically a preparation for a battle until what had died at Hunter Moon for should deal with up, basically, bind them freely when you've subdued them strike their necks. And then if you want, you can allow some of them to go in terms of ransom, and so on and so forth. There's a lot of context here that we'll talk about. But what I want to touch on inshallah Tada, specifically, is that Allah subhanaw taala,
leaves it open for the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam, for the Muslims to choose whether or not to accept basically prisoners of war, and to accept ransoms from these prisoners to accept the payments from the prisoners. And the money was declared permissible by Allah subhanaw taala that was taken from the captives of the Battle of bed that it was lawful, they were not punished for that. But it was as though there was a way to interpret it in two different ways that you can take prisoners and take a ransom or you can neglect that or avoid that rather, altogether. And there are a number of rulings that came from this, the first thing that was being basically reminded to the Muslims, the
main objective is not to take prisoners of war, their main objective is to try to crush the enemy that's coming to kill you, they're coming to harm you, they're coming to spread corruption in the world. So they were being told that the aim here is not to basically focus on the prisoners of war so that Muslims don't become distracted with each war, or each battle or each generation thereafter. In addition to this, there are prisoners of war, and there are different rulings, and you have the option, whether you show them favor, or you accept ransom from them. This is something that you can choose. And it depends on the context depends on the government depends on the situation. But there
is a general law generally, generally, that the prisoners of war should not be executed. So Abdullah bin Ahmad, on the Allahumma, has an ambassador Milan many others, they held this opinion and it is valid opinion. And they say basically, that a man can only be killed if he was in the midst of war coming to kill. So in other words, he's a prisoner of war, the war is over. It's not lawful to kill them. Of course, there are a minority of exceptions, rare exceptions to this. But there are examples in which a prisoner of war was handed to a companion like Abdullah bin Ahmad, commanded to put him to death and he refused. And then he cited this idea from Surah, to Mohammed, and then he would say,
we are not allowed to kill a man when he is a prisoner. Now, there are many other things to take from this in terms of the prohibition on killing prisoners, according to some companions, or the permission to kill prisoners. In other situations. If you looked at the Battle of Beddit, with basically 70 prisoners, only two were executed. And there were reasons for these to be executed. You have the example of the poet
was, I believe, from the battle of Madrid, who basically said, I won't fight I won't kill, you know, I promise not to attack them since again, he agreed that if he were given his freedom, he wouldn't kill the Muslims or attack them or the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and then he came back with the next battle the battle. So he was executed. But these are minority of cases, he was executed wise, killing Muslims killing companions. He's lying betraying the person of deception. But when there were prisoners, generally, there were different ways to deal with them. And one of the benefits morally and strategically for them to have prisoners of war. Number one, they could basically set
them free with a payment of a ransom. So this would benefit the Treasury's, let's say, of that particular state that they would benefit financially. The second is that they will be set free, based on what or with the condition that they would help them out. So you can be set free, basically, but you have to teach 10 or more people how to read and write, for example, or teach them something that they don't know. And number three, that they would be exchanged for the Muslim prisoners of war who were in the basically position of the enemy they were taken. Let's see it with a different situation, and now they are being exchanged. The Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the
Companions at different times acted in one way or the other meaning they chose
Depending on what was best for that particular situation, and divine law generally does not bow like bind the Muslim community or a government rather, from acting in one particular way, rather than that specific government supposed to take action based on what's best, again, with the Islamic laws all in context here. And this applies basically to Islamic nation states today. And the practice of the Prophet salallahu Salam. And the Sahaba confirms to us that the government is responsible for the prisoner of war in terms of their health, their food, their clothing, their treatment, if they are sick, if they are wounded, take care of them. They were not permitted to be tortured in any way
whatsoever. In fact, one of the beautiful things we take from this and I know this seems like a little bit of random history, but it teaches us many lessons. The Prophet sallallahu sallam, for example, when he would distribute the prisoners of war after the Battle of budget to the different houses of the companions, because there's no jail, there's no prison, they would each have maybe like one person, they're tied up like loosely and this is your place. And even when they were not tied up, it was a matter of dignity that you would not run away. So they were basically placed in the homes of different companions, and they were told these companions treat the prisoners, well
treat them well. One of these prisoners, he said, The unsought of Muslims, in whose house I was kept, they gave me bread, which is good bread morning and evening, but for themselves, they only had some days to eat, meaning they treated me better than they treated themselves because of the standard of Islam and treating a prisoner of war. Another example is one of them. He said he was provided a lot of good food and milk on the commands of the prophets. Why Selim that as long as he remained a captive, he was treated well, or Sahaba also learned this from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and they did not mistreat their prisoners of war, they learned what was right what what to
do. This is a moral issue here. And of course, the governments themselves were not allowed to hold on to these prisoners. For a long term, this was not a long term thing. They were not allowed to, for example, subjected to forced labor or anything like that. This was not a matter of like, slavery or anything of the sort. So they were treated, basically fairly, they were treated actually very well. They were treated in a good way. And they were given basically different avenues of freedom depending on the situation that they were in. You fast forward. And you look at the example of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam allowing people to go saving many lives and wanting to avoid as much
bloodshed as possible, forgive the people of Makkah when they entered Mecca, except for a few people who fought and these were the exception. The rest of them, all of them were forgiven. They said, What are you going to do to us today? We know you're merciful, you know, we know you're this and that Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam forgave them with the opening with the conquest of Mecca letter three Valley commune yum, yum feed along that Allah will basically May Allah forgive you, and many of them, of course, basically, they became Muslim. So this is why it did not take much time, after the conquest of Mecca for the Arabian Peninsula to be basically to become a state in which there was
Islam left and right and people were entering into Islam everywhere and SubhanAllah. All of it goes back to the moral standards and the rules of engagement and many other factors before this, Allah subhanaw taala says a lot about reform. In other words, you want to be very strong when you meet them in the battlefield, you're going to be to the Muslims fighting the pagans, you have to be very strong. Here's the lesson for us. There Nico. We are short or long until salamin. When I can hear you about Lacombe. If Allah wanted to crush those people who are coming to kill you, he did not need your help for this until salamin, who were lacking. However, the Airblue abala can be bad. Think
about the wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala meditate on this area reflect on it.
Not everyone who has taqwa in this world must be necessarily victorious in this world on a material level. Let's have a look who knew the people of the ditch what happened to them? They held on to their Islam, but then they were all killed. They were all Shahada. That doesn't mean they lost anything. Yeah, they yes, they lost their lives, but they gain what Jana with Allah subhanaw taala they hold on to their Islam. So not everyone who has tough word is necessarily going to be given victory in this world. And this is so that your heart and the hearts of believers in the hearts of the Ummah are not attached to basically the victory itself but rather they are attached to Allah
subhanho wa Taala the hearts should be attached to Allah subhanaw taala the heart should be attached to Allah subhanaw taala and the believer is with the last panel Attallah recognizing his wisdom in all times and places and you know that the victory for the believer or the Ummah may be delayed or maybe postponed for another time or place for wisdom known to him. And as long as you are upon the truth, Allah subhanho wa Taala will not cause your efforts to be wasted. He has the wisdom and the power to accelerate, expedite or delay your victory. So all you can really
Do be consistent hold on to your faith believe in the promise of Allah say and to biller that you believe in Allah subhana you believe in hacking the all wise, because there are a lot of people who lose their faith in times of adversity immediately they think well, why are we not gaining victory right now we are muslims we make dua should be right now instant, and then they abandon their faith. Well, wasn't that the test of your faith? wasn't at the test of the prophets, Eliza, the Sahaba, who held on for more than a decade before they were permitted to take action? Couldn't they have asked Well, why don't these people get punished while they're attacking us? And we're Muslims. And they
were following the messenger know, that economy shot alone until salami number philosopher Patta wanted, of course, can cause the situation to change just like that instantly. On conveyor couldn't Allah subhanaw taala Just say the word conveyor could be and it is and it's over? What's the point of human beings being tested? Meaning the effort that Muslims have to put in the believers have to put in of being patient of persevering of working hard? Now, my question to you is, we're delving a little bit into theology and philosophy here, but this is a crucial one. How does this point to relate to any form of suffering that you see in the world today?
Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us you you have to put in the effort, you have to do your part. And if Allah wants he'll expedite your victory, your relief, but what can you do about Lacombe Bob, one of the wisdoms known to Allah subhanaw taala, in terms of the details, is that we are tested with one another with other people in this world good and evil. That opposition. So my question to you is how does this help us to think about suffering any form of suffering you see in the world today?
Let's see at least one solid response and Charlotta.
If Allah wanted, could have ended the situation instantly.
Meaning he did not need our help.
Okay, so there's the test of how we respond Excellent. Zack, Mohammed,
we have to try to get out of difficulty by being patient taking action making, not in regards to whether we get out of it or not, we still have faith excellent messages of morphine and wonderful responses. So anything you see in the world today, the believer does not think, Oh, why did this not end instantly? Where's the response instantly? No, no in and also Allah Hikari we have to do your part. Hold on to your faith be persevering and patient and know that your your action is a part of it as well. Excellent. What else when Allah loves a person who gives them hardships to test and elevate them? Excellent. The suffering of other people is a test not just for them, but also for
those who are watching those who are able to help those who are able to change those situations. Joseph Murphy had an excellent response and may Allah subhanaw taala bless you.
Do we believe Allah subhanaw taala? Or do we just believe in him?
Say for this excellent does that matter? So people have to hold on to their faith when they see various acts of suffering or hardships, may Allah protect us all. And then Allah Subhana Allah says to the believers as a reminder, when Medina Cuttino fees have been in Fela, new Linda Armada, those who are slaying those were killed in the way of Allah, Allah will not cause their efforts to be wasted. This is amazing right here. This is remarkable. If you compare this to a materialistic, secular, atheistic worldview, it's saying to us, Allah subhanaw taala saying to us, the be the believer are the individuals who are slain in the wave Allah subhanaw taala. And they lose their
lives, it does not mean that they really lost their life works or that they were wasted. All the things that they had are gone, and then you leave the army. I know, it's wrong to think that the sacrifices of the martyrs the shahada
are not basically beneficial for themselves. Some people think, Oh, they didn't benefit themselves, but they benefited those who live after them in a dunya they did something for others. No, no, no, no, that's not true at all. The reality is, the fact is that even for the martyrs, the shahada themselves, it is a bargain of profit, not loss, there is no loss when they are shahada, and of course, the Shaheed of various types, you know that there are dozens of types of shahada, the one who dies in a fire when something falls on them, the mother who dies giving birth, the one who dies due to a specific sickness. There are many types of shahada as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told
us, the Shaheen that's mentioned in this particular context, of course, is the Shaheed in the battlefield. And of course, that means there has to be something that is valid, something that is suitable, something that is permissible, and people cannot make up their own situations and say, Oh, this is an opportunity for a battle. No, the concept of jihad is misunderstood by so many people. Unfortunately, it's hijacked by Islamophobes and hijacked by people who do not represent 2 billion Muslims in the world today. But of course, there are some Muslims even, let's say in the space in between who completely abandoned belief in the notion of jihad or don't believe that there's
such thing as jihad, and that's also problematic. But there's a specific application for it in different contexts and times and there's no such thing as vigilante justice here. Rather there is. There are nation states and laws and there's a peace in the world and there are scholars and counselors you're supposed to follow. So people are not hijacking the religion for their own desires or anger or emotions or anything else. The Shahadat when they die the property is normal Morrison told us
that the shade is given basically sit on a really hot water immediately. Basically, the first drop of blood that rushes out the mortar is granted six merits or six traits or characteristics. Number one, all of his sins are forgiven. The Shaheed in the battlefield is being reminded, the Sahaba are being reminded that the Horatia are coming to attack you and kill you. But remember that if you die in the way of Allah, you did not waste your efforts, your life is not wasted, that that's not a notion in Islam, because you're not meant to stay in this world and you sacrificed the great thing that you had for Allah subhanaw taala you didn't waste it on something emotional or something silly
or something harmful. You ingested in toxic into drugs, and you slowly were killing yourself. No, you use your life for something that was suitable valid important of great priority and sacrifice for LASIK. So all of the sins are forgiven. They're shown their place in paradise, they're shown some of the rewards that they will have in Jannah. They're secured from the greater fear on the day of judgment and many other examples like this, on the Day of Judgment, They will be adorned as well. And they will intercede for 77 Zero 70 members of their households to intergender as well. But I want to comment on something here that's really crucial in terms of mental health and emotions. May
Allah protect us all.
Is that the believer recognizes through your Eman through your Islam through your seeking of knowledge that your life has value. Your life has a lot of value. And I address this especially to those who may be struggling especially to teenagers, high school students, college students, anyone who may be struggling, your life has value Allah subhanaw taala created you, Allah subhanaw taala blessed you, Allah subhanaw gave you a life in order to test you in this world and to test all of us in this world. So automatically, no matter what people say to you, or what experiences you've had with other human beings, your life has value. Your life is not given value based on the validation
of other people based on whether or not people accept you based on number of friends that you have, or your degree or how well you're doing in terms of your job, know the value of your life is in you're holding on to your faith, the value in your life is in how much you're holding on to your practice of Islam. The value in your life is for you to use your life in a way that is pleasing to Allah. So if everything of this world and all people of this world deserted you and isolated, you ignored, you harassed you, and you hold on to your Islam, you hold on to the most precious thing that you have. And Allah is pleased with you. And that's a source for you to entertain and your life
is not wasted in this world. May Allah protect us all. Sometimes youngsters will struggle with a number of things mentally or emotionally, where they'll have a lot of anger pent up. And as soon as they're told about the concept of shahada martyrs or jihad, somebody might basically take advantage of their vulnerability and say, Oh, why don't use your life for a greater cause? And do this and do that and then they mislead them into something that is contrary to Islam? No, there has to be the correct thing, the correct action, not just the passion and the emotions or you might have a good intention, but the action has to be correct. And of course, we always go back to what the prophets
Elijah has taught us and the scholars have taught over the years and over the centuries so that we are not misguided May Allah protect us all. And then Allah subhanaw taala says about the shahada say a handy him Why use the whole battle, he will guide them to the reward, and he'll improve their condition. Sometimes in life, you'll go through difficult situations and you don't see a way out, but the solution is in the hands of Allah subhanaw taala trust in him. Keep your connection to Allah strong, keep your DUA consistent, do not let go of your DUA. This is the Prophets that the martyrs who are falling in the way of Allah subhanaw taala will gain and there is guidance from Allah Azza
Halim, He will guide them meaning protect them, while you see her Bella will set their condition right in the grave on the Day of Judgment, they will be repaired, they will be rectified will be rewarded, they will be given the greatest blessings on the day of judgment and in the next life. And Allah subhanaw taala will allow them to enter Jannah will Euclidean with a janitor out of the hole now. Now in these two verses five and six most of Hatha emphasizes the rewards for the Shahada. They are going to be guided meaning to paradise they will be given what clothes of honor, can you imagine standing of a day of judgment and their standard in clothes of light and Iman and honor because they
sacrifice their lives. For the sake of loss of power. They did something good. And when they enter Jannah they're already going to be familiar with the places that they're going to whoever carries the mission of Islam in his or her heart. And it's your main
concern in this world, Allah Subhana Allah will bless you and will bless your families in ways you cannot measure in ways you don't expect. What kind of movement saleha, for example, to take if the father was righteous, you know, blessings of being righteous that will affect the world around you in different ways, and all will rectify your affairs. Now, don't misunderstand misunderstand this to mean, that shahada and their families are not going to be tested or that righteous people will not be tested, a prophet slicin was tested, the Sahaba were tested, and they were very difficult tests. Think about the number of expeditions and battles they had to go through after years of persecution
for over a decade of dealing with harassment on their community attacks on their community. So the real metric of success is not that you don't go through hardship. No, the real metric of success is that you're holding on to your Islam. So what do you make not make dua Oh Allah, rectify all of our fears. When when Allah subhanaw says when you slip Rubella or rectify their affairs, work towards that as well. You're making dua right Allah monster called the Allah rectify my heart, Allah purify my heart, and then work towards it, Allah will bless you, but hold on to it. Don't let go of the actions. And at the end of the day, while you clean on the janitor, Allah, Allah subhanaw taala will
admit them into paradise and make it he had made it known to the meaning they knew about gender before they entered. Can you imagine? In this world, everything you heard about gender, every lecture, every random video or real or post on social media over the years, every single thing you've heard, recited, studied about Gen. Imagine the believers when they enter Jannah, they will automatically know where they belong, that's my house on that level in that place in this neighborhood of Jannah. And they will automatically know and they're going to look at it and think this is the agenda that Allah told us about. This is the agenda that was promised to us to
hamdulillah living in Saudi Okinawa. How do you imagine it would feel for the believers who have been told about paradise throughout this life and dunya and then finally get to see in person finally are entered into Jannah by Allah subhanaw taala as mercy so they are entered into Jannah because of their sacrifices in this world, may Allah Subhana Allah make us and our loved ones amongst the people of Jana, along with me. And then we have here our first principle and this is we will we will conclude here inshallah Tada. But I want you to pause and think about these verses right here, verses six and seven. The principle that we are taking number one, yeah, you and Lena
and Manu in Tunsil will lie on circle while your third bit of them are believers. If you stand up for life, you support the rights of other religions. Allah, Allah subhanaw taala will support you, He will help you and He will keep you firm. This has a specific context it was the battle that was about to happen, right. But more general than that, it's your life. more general than just that specific battle. If you give aid and support to the religion of a long if you place it as number one in your life in terms of everything that you're doing, Allah will give you support. This is the first principle that we are going to talk about inshallah Tada in detail in terms of happiness and
success for us and for the entirety of the Muslim ummah. Oh you will believe if you give support to the religion of Allah and Tunsil will lie on circum Allah will give you support. This means you are prioritizing Islam over everything else. You are prioritizing Islam over your desires. So the one who believes in this and says I want the Muslim ummah, to be a better place to be stronger to go back to where it was in the past. Then you have to prioritize Islam over your desires, prioritize what Allah said over what you desire. You don't conform Islam to your desires, you conform your desires to Islam. And it is a sign of Eman that when you hear your Lavina as you hear for the first
time in the Surah or you believe that you pay very close attention. You pay very close attention. If you ate the truth if you ate Islam, Allah Subhana Allah will bless you and bless the Muslim ummah as well. So what's the emphasis here in terms of Allah? What does that mean? Is it a thought that you had? Is it something you claimed on your tongue? Yes, let's be strong Muslims have to be good people. Let's go back to Islam. No, in terms of law is an action, the emphasis and the focus is on your action. Don't think so frequently about how Allah will give you success or how Allah will give the Muslim ummah victory or bring us back to a better place? No, Allah subhanaw taala has his ways
well Illa you know this summer what you will already has is also creations and his soldiers of the heavens and the earth. Now think about what you are going to do how you are going to elevate the religion of Allah in your life, what actions you will take starting today for yourself and your family and the Muslim community. So that Allah Subhan Allah will bless you and bless the OMA because of your efforts. Our Ummah today isn't greater in terms of technology and advancements than any time of the past. And yet, many Muslims are oppressed in our world today. That's the state that we are in. So one of the greatest things we can do is to think about the good that some of the Muslims have
passed us to do. And of course, this doesn't mean that all Muslims are bad today or all Muslims were good in the past. That's not what it means at all, but rather focus on the efforts to bring people back to a relationship with Allah Subhana Allah
As a top priority in life, what is your priority? What are you giving a to what are you supporting and facilitating? May Allah accept from all of us and forgive us for all of our shortcomings May Allah subhanaw To make us amongst the believers who are given firmness and are mentioned in this area right here. We will resume our next session with this principle in sha Allah Tala. We will resume with this principle and we will continue from there in sha Allah. Does that mean well Clayton will SallAllahu ala Nabina Muhammad while early he was happy