Introduction Provisions for the Hereafter Split Part C
Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
File Size: 30.65MB
Explanation of the summarised version of Imam Ibn Qayyim AlJawziyyah’s famous book- Provisions for the Hereafter. This is the Introduction that took place before episode one.
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. He also be
a Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Welcome, everybody. I hope you had a splendid short break, and ready to continue part two of today's session. And this is obviously the final part, as you've noticed, today's an introductory sort of session. And that's why we haven't get this Tuesday, obviously, our norm will be that we will meet
on Saturdays, beating the law E to Allah. So let us continue brothers and sisters with this introduction. So we were taking lessons from the fact that it will pay you money to law, he actually wrote this book whilst on travel. And we were just discussing the importance
of the inheritance of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and how
it's so valuable that it's worth our time. It's worth our effort. And you know, it's worth us not being picky and, and fussy. When it comes to how we learn this inheritance, the reality is my dear brothers and sisters, you know, we need Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his teachings Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his teachings do not need us. And ultimately, we need Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't need us we need Islam. Islam doesn't need us. This is, you know, the the ultimate, the ultimate reality. So, you know, just maturing our earlier discussion before the break, and we were just talking about how we should you know, grow up
when it comes towards seeking knowledge and develop the patience needed. And indeed,
this great rewards in being patient, firstly, and secondly, it makes sense being patient, given how valuable that thing that we would like to acquire is, you know,
I tend to have
you know, or, I would say, you know, I'm not too sensitive to the statement of a student, when a student says that, oh, you know,
I can only lead with so and so and I can't learn what so and so, I'm not too sensitive to that statement. And then, you know,
in this day and age as students when they say I can learn with so and so and so and so basically, they're saying, you know, so and so is good enough for me, and so and so is not good enough for me, and, and reality are in reality, I'm not sensitive to these statements. Why? Because I actually see those type of statements as a weakness from the student of knowledge. When a teacher so and so is not good enough for you. The reality is, you are not good enough for the teacher. This is the reality. Right? Whenever you point a finger, there's always three fingers pointing back at you. Now, again, I'm going to reiterate, I'm not saying that we shouldn't be excellent in our teaching, and
the teacher shouldn't improve, right? I'm just talking about it from the students perspective, the students paradise, right. So inshallah Allah inspires us to become an amazing, like some of the giants that walk this earth before us and from the Imam,
Allah. Right, When, when, when a student complaints of a particular teacher, or in terms of the ability to captivate and so on and so forth, I actually see that as a weakness on the part of the student without discussing the reality of the teacher, whenever we point the finger, these three fingers pointing back at us, you know, I remember when I started kulia, to share the faculty of Sharia at generated email, right, let me give you a personal story, right? Because I see you all as my students and inshallah we're going to spend years together in sha Allah, may Allah preserve us in his obedience me. I remember, you know, as soon as I was a brand new subject in terms of it being a
dedicated study, having its own hours, and so on and so forth. When I did the, you know, the foundational degree before that,
which was the three year Arabic slash Islamic Studies program, it didn't have a dedicated subject. And it's a beautiful subject, but it requires, you know, a great ability to teach it and it requires a great mind to listen to, to at least a persistent mind, let me not say, a great mind, but at least a persistent mind. Some people lead it naturally. And some people learn it through hard work. And this is the same with everybody. So I had a teacher, Mashallah. And he walks into class, you know, and just to give you some insight, you know, those who specialize in pseudo feco jurisprudence, methodology, they are some of the most, you know, time managed people that I've come across, you
know, even in the way they teach. It's different to the other teachers that the lesson runs at a particular pace and it runs with a particular intensity and it it runs on time that you know, from this from this
minute to that minute. These are the points that are going to be discussed from that minute to that minute. These are the points that are going to be discussed, right. And we have big classes in Sharia, we were over 100 students. So just to take the register, you're looking at about 10 to 12 minutes, and the class is 50 minutes long. Right and the syllabus is massive. So here I am excited. You know, first semester Kalia to Sherry at the Faculty of Sharia, you know, my dream and you in class and this amazing teacher walks in with such honor. And he walks into the class and you feel shivers your hair stand. And while this is my chef, and he sits on the chair, and as he starts the
lesson, he it you know, he teaches it in an amazing way. But it's pure dictation. So he's dictating for, you know, he's gonna teach us through dictating for 45 minutes a day for the entire semester. Right? So he's done this amazing research where he's done all the mileage at home, putting all the evidences together, the different views, the rebuttals, the reality of the science, the definitions, everything, but he comes to class, he dictates and he dictates at his mighty speed, literally. Now, I could never keep up with this meaning in it would be something of an impossibility to ask a foreigner like myself in geratol environment, by the way, I graduated in Riyadh, remember, the
program in Riyadh is not designed for foreigners. It's designed for Saudis. Firstly, and secondly, most specifically, those studies are those Saudis who, who studied the secondary education, what you and I call GCSEs. And a levels.
This, you know, it's designed for those who studied the secondary education in a purely Islamic Secondary School, where they've already learned the, the, the the preliminary matters to all the sciences, and now, you know, the jumping into bigger books, right. So here I am jumping into a bigger book already, number one, number two, you know, not being at the, at the writing ability of my fellow classmates, or the, you know, the ability to understand my fellow classmates and he is the teacher just, you know, back his stuff, the lesson that he's moving until the time ends and Mashallah, you know, 2030 pages of dictated notes, you know, I shed, so this was difficult. Now, you
know, I'm just trying to think so Pamela, when I, when I think of the people who complain, I'm thinking, if I had that attitude, I would have just left, I would have left blamed the teacher and convinced everybody is the teacher's fault.
But I said, No, you know, what, his teaching is amazing.
It's very important. And it's worth it stayed heritance of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So I went to this machine, and I said, Yes, this is who I am. And this is where I'm from, and I can't really keep up with your lesson. Can you please slow down? And you know what brothers and sisters? He would not repeat. So if he clearly said the line, that's it, if you got it, you got it. If you didn't, you copied from the person next. If that person kept up right now, I'm trying to think, you know, if I ran this class in this particular way, what would you all do? Come on, guys, be brave. Just Just be brave. And from the outset, throw me a message in the box. What would you do
if I just came and started dictating to you notes from start to finish? Don't be shy. Just say it. Right? Some people are giving me smiley faces. I'm saying I would have left out fallen asleep. I would have left. Yeah, this is I mean, this is human nature. I would complain I would log off, honestly. And this is coming from a teacher Mashallah. Right. So, yes, right. So, but obviously brothers and sisters, I'm telling you that I have something more valuable than a million gold bricks. I used to go to drop out. Are you still gonna log off? Are you still going to be you know, first year I have something more valuable than a million go bricks here guys. Are you going to give
up or are you going to stick it out? But you're going to change yourself? Are you going to mitigate
I Exactly. I love you answers by the way, Mashallah. So,
what I did was I went to my check, you know what, I can't manage? And you know what the chef told me put your trust in Allah you get used to it? Well, I remember this cuz it's, it's the most unique experience in my journey seeking knowledge to stand biller was offered. Meaning just put your trust in Allah and you will.
You know, you will, you will get used to it. Anyway. You know what, brothers and sisters, I knew I would get used to it, but I won't get used to it now. And it's going to take me a semester it's going to take me two semesters, so I got to do something now. So what did I do? I bought a recorder and I would record the entire
Lesson. And then I would sit at home after I saw and transcribed the one hour lesson. And by the way, it would take me three hours to transcribe, I still have that book with me, well, I would not sell that book, I don't think if you offered me even 100,000 pounds, would I give you that book because I know the hours put into that book, right? I would say three hours just to transcribe the lesson, analyze the lesson, and so on, so forth. And don't forget, I had another seven subjects next to the subject to study, sorry, another eight subjects, rather, next to the subject to study. So this one subject here was pulling my entire afternoon just to transcribe, but you know what it had
to be done, you know what it was worth it. And you know, what brothers and sisters, I came top of the class with Eli, and I'm just, you know, may or may Allah protect me and protect you all, but I'm sharing with you. a personal message is to show you that you know what good work always cuts, good work always counts, this inheritance is worth it. If your intention is pure, based on the sincerity based on the strength of your intention of law will help you. This is what my teachers used to tell me. That if you are really, if you really intend to have learn, nothing will take you away. Allow will test you, you know, you say I'm seeking knowledge, I intend Allah, Allah will test you, he
won't make it, you know, roses and petals. No, he'll give you a few curveballs, he'll give you a few, you know,
errands to climb, and slide down to test whether you really intend Allah, whether you really love this knowledge, whether you really understand this knowledge, and its importance, right? Whether you understand how valuable it is, because those who understand how valuable it is they stick on, they push on, they do what it takes, right? So this is what I want to tell you brothers and sisters that I personally I have no, I'm not saying you should be painful. Don't get me wrong. And I'm not saying dictating the notes was the best thing to do. But what I'm saying brothers and sisters, that if the situation is what it is, and you have such a knowledgeable teacher, yes, he's unknown. He has his
style, you know, doesn't bring in 1000s of people. But he has something that the others don't have. And he has something that's so knowledgeable To me, it's worth it. That's when you know, you do what you need to do, because it's worth it. And you know what brothers and sisters, the same teacher taught me in semester three. And in semester three, I could keep up with his dictation. In fact, my classmates would, you know, would check my notes to see what they've missed. One lesson helped me a lot protect me from self praise. And Allah knows what law here I'm only sharing your personal experience so you can understand the context that I'm coming from. When I tell you that you know
what, I lack sensitivity to those who complain to those who complain you do what you need to do you know why? Because it is worth it. It is far more valuable than a million goldbrick. So the point to note your brothers and sisters is, you know, I took my teachers advice. He said, put your trust in Allah, you'll get used to it and by Allah I did. But in you know, there was going to be that timeframe that I would need to get used to it. And as a result, I mitigated I came up with another process to help me and put in the necessary work required. And this is what I want to share with you, my dear brothers and sisters, like a guy like
me, I cannot even do you know, half a percent of what the Imam did during travel in his book, you know, but given some of the experiences I have had seeking knowledge and then I, I pick up a book written by a man who, you know, wrote it with excellence, and he sang and never wrote a story book. He wrote in an academic book, and he wrote it from the top of his head, Allahu Akbar, Lama Abu Dhabi, hapten illa Allah, indeed, there is no one worthy of worship besides one Allah. And indeed, this Imam is assigned from the signs of Allah subhanho wa Taala. That's all I can say, My dear brothers and sisters given, you know, my
sensitive Association when it comes to seeking knowledge, and I'm sure many of you can relate to some of the points that I am mentioning here. So this is another thing that we learned, my dear brothers and sisters, and that is the importance of being patients, not judging our teachers, not speaking about our teachers. Yes, our teachers might not be, you know, up to par might not be upon that which we want. But never be one who criticizes your teacher. It wasn't from the Magnus morals and etiquettes of a student of knowledge to say, Oh, my teachers like this, and the chef is like this, and the chef is like that, and so on and so forth. And that is why me personally, I have
advised many of the Islamic
organizations that teach Islam, that you know, you should not be asking the students whether the teacher was captivating. This is not good. tarbiyah of the students commercial, I'm speaking to, you know, the cream of the crop, those who work in the dour, Mashallah have looked at some of your profiles. Some of us are vice presidents of organizations.
Some of us are vice principals of schools, some of us are teachers and head teachers and so on and so forth. When the lead happened, it is not good tarbiyah to start asking your students, whoever, you know, teacher, so and so was he captivating enough? He has, we can do it for the contemporary sciences. But when it comes to their immaturity, when it comes to the knowledge of the Sharia, when it comes to the hour and do it and propagating this Deen, that doesn't need us, this Deen that you and I need, there has to be a level of common sense, there has to be a level of serenity and clarity amidst the chaos of the lives that you and I live in today. So please take this particular point.
Now, again, just to refresh our memories, we've been discussing the unique aspects of this book by Imam
Rahmatullahi. Ali, from the unique aspects of this book brothers and sisters, and this is something you won't know, looking at the summarized version is that this particular book is five volumes long, or six volumes long, depending on the print, right? Depending on the print and the work of the correctors and revises. When this book was published, obviously, we know that these books before they were published in what you and I know as publications today, they went through a process known or a process where they were they were considered manuscripts, right. So a process where they were
considered manuscripts and reading a manuscript is five difficult brothers and sisters, than reading a published book, you know, which was nice headings and nice designs and nice colors. So again, you know, hats off to our scholars refer to him who actually sat reading
his book and actually summarizing it for us. So we have a summarized version in just one volume. And I wouldn't even call it a volume, I'll call it one short volume, given the size of money, the amount of pages, but the reality is, the original book of the writing of the Imam was in five or six volumes. So get your head your head around that, brothers and sisters, you know, I have the the, one of the more famous publications, and and each volume is 600 pages plus, so if we said, you know, 600 pages plus, and it's about 23456, I've got the six, volume, six volume, compilation, and each volume is plus 600 pages, you did the math, I mean, even if you took out the table of contents and and the
the, you know, the the tables that teach us discuss the ayat in the book and the Hadith in the book, and so on and so forth. Even if you took that out, you do the math of how many pages this Imam wrote
in this particular book, and don't forget, he did it whilst traveling. And with the difficulty of traveling perhaps that's the reason why Allah has placed so much Baraka in this particular book, also brothers and sisters.
The version of the book that you and I are going to study, as I've said is a summarized version of this particular book was summarized by another famous Imam,
another famous scholar of the humble method, and by the way, he was from the humble method.
And this imams name or the summarize his name was Sheikh Mohammed
bin Abdul Wahab
Lucha de oro Viola who added everybody or you know, the the large majority would be familiar with this name Sheikh Mohammed, bin Abdul Wahab Ravi Allahu Allahu la
Rahim Allah, may Allah show His mercy upon him, he summarized this particular book and he summarized it, you know, to make it accessible for the masses, why because the book is worth it, the masses need to read it. So basically, he summarized the entire six volumes into one particular volume and what he did was, you know, he removed the extra evidences explaining a point for example, so he would just stick to the main evidence mentioned, to prove a point he removed many of the discussion surrounding the differences of opinion and evidences of different scholars and the rebuttals, and so on and so forth. He also removed many of the Arabic language nuances
that would give way to a different interpretations of of verses and of prophetic narrations. He removed all that so basically, he just kept the the crux of the lessons. So that, you know, those who perhaps are not so studious would be able to still read the book and take the benefit because this book is worth it. And again, this is another sign of how Allah subhanho wa Taala has accepted this book, because signs of acceptance happens when the book exists throughout the ages of Islam after it was written Firstly, secondly, in today's day and age, we would say you know, the book being published
And thirdly, the fact that scholars would care about the book enough to correct any spelling mistakes, to sort of, you know, verify the closest manuscript to the writing of the, or the closest manuscript to that which the author actually wrote, for example, because back in the day brothers and sisters, when someone wanted to copy a book, it wasn't like now when we photocopy to go to a printing shop, basically, people would come from all over the globe
on a journey, which would take them months, and then they would get their hands on the original copy. And they would hand write the original copy in what they would consider their own books. And then they would go back with that book to their cities, and towns and villages. And the people were then would make copies of what this person copied. So naturally, you know, human error can happen. So now you have a plethora of manuscripts, and you know, certain differences in certain sentences in certain words, for example,
this is something plausible, and something that can be easily understood. So what happens is that in the later ages, we have scholars who are inspired by a lot to come about to gather all the manuscripts and try and produce the closest thing to what the Imam initially wrote Rahmatullah here. And this is a sign of acceptance of a book, another sign of acceptance is as is, you know, the fact that the book has been summarized, because let's say the book was at a particular level, that would only appeal to a group of people. Right? Allah showered acceptance on this book by making another chef, another scholar, summarize the book to make it accessible for the masses. Imagine that, right?
Just imagine you give a lesson in the UK, right? Just to give a practical example here, you give a lesson in the UK, and it's in the English language, obviously, right? And then Allah gives acceptance to your lesson by making somebody translate your lesson into all do for example, and all of a sudden, it's accessible to our entire part of the globe that you never imagined. Right? So you are, you know, targeting a particular audience. And Allah subhanho wa Taala took it beyond your expectations. Isn't this acceptance from Allah subhanho wa Taala or assign insha Allah insha Allah we have good hope in Allah subhanho wa Taala. So, this is the reality of the book we will be
studying we will be studying the summarized version and the English summary obviously given the audience, but I will be sharing with you
further explanations, explanations from myself, explanations taken from the other books of the scholars and mainly explanations taken from the original version, the book written by
him originally referred to it
without making it too technical in a way that affects your ability to follow. So I will try and keep it at a certain level, but don't forget brothers and sisters, you know, we have students from different backgrounds here, some who already have a background seeking knowledge. So what I will do is try and accommodate everybody the best or in the best way that I can, and inshallah, inshallah, as the scholars say, Man, you Dracula otaku, that which cannot be done in its entirety shouldn't be left out, it's an entirety. And I'll try and use that particular principle with our, you know, new, you know, beginners and with our more established students of knowledge and more established workers
in the field of the hour. Okay, so now we've understand we've understood the book, we've understood the books name, we've understood the name of the author, we've understood why the book is unique. Now we need to learn a little bit about the author. So who was Mm hmm.
Well, he's coniah
was Abu Abdullah, or if we want to be appropriate in the Arabic language, we would say, Abu Abdullah, but because we discussing in the English language I'm going to use
what's more famously, the process when translating these conditions or these titles of people,
which is Abu Abdullah, so he was Abu Abdullah, that was his title, the father of Abdullah and his name was Muhammad, even Abu Bakar. Even a YouTube even said,
even Harris azuri, which is an inscription to azura which is in the south of Syria, at the Vichy Alhambra. Okay, I'm going to repeat that for those who are writing and as I said, you will get a recording inshallah.
And it's enough for you to know that his name was Mohammed Abu Bakar By the way, you
If you know him as Abu Abdullah, Mohammed, Abu Bakar, that's fine famously known as Josie. Yeah, this is his, this is fine. I'm just giving you the extra pieces of information. Given that we do have an attachment to the book of this author given that, you know, we're going to be studying it over the next few months and years be Lila hit Anna. So he was Abu Abdullah Mohammed Ibn Abu Bakar, Eben Ayub, even sad, even Harry's azhari at divish Bay and humbly
means, you know, Damascus or a person from Damascus, and I'll humbly refers to a person being from the heavily madhhab. So for your notes, it's enough for you to write his name was Mohammed, Abu Bakar. And his title was Abu Abdullah. And he was famously known as El Josie Yeah. Now, why was he? You know, why was he called al Josie? Well, obviously there there are other scholars who carry the name.
And Aldo Xia made this standard from the rest. So whenever we say, Josie, we know exactly who we talking about. We're talking about Abu Abdullah Mohammed, Abu Bakar. Now why was he called al Josie? Well, he was called this because his father, his father, who was also a great scholar, his father was the principal of a school known as El Josie. Yeah, in Damascus, right. So his father was the principal of a school known as Al Jazeera, in
And this teaches you again, you know, the importance of Shabbat and these lands of Syria and, and these lands, we don't have time to go into brothers and sisters, but there are great scholars in this land. Right and from them, is this particular mm, mm hmm. As you can see, this land had great madrasahs great schools. And as you can see, the father was also a chef. And he was the principal of this particular school, even though he was born on the seventh of September, the seventh of suffer in the 691, after the hatred of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, to Medina 691, which would be around 1292 ce II.
So in terms of the Islamic date, we would say 691
of the hegira. And he was raised in the house of knowledge and excellence, and this obviously offered him the chance to take knowledge from the senior scholars of his time,
especially at a time brothers and sisters, when the variance of the various sciences of knowledge, you know, had flourished. There were many books that were there, he was set, the mothership themselves had their own books, the different fitment hubs.
So, you know, in terms of the documentation of the Shetty it, you know, it existed
at a praiseworthy state and this was the time when Im Rahmatullah la existed, he studied under
she had an herbal analyse and from his teachers also was Abubakar ibrid, Abu diam, and RV typical diesel a man.
He also had female teachers from them was Fatima bin Johor, which teaches us you know, how female scholarship is from Islam. And we had female scholarship, female scholars from the time of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and we don't need to even go far further than our mother, Ayesha robiola. But here we see, you know, in the seventh century of Islam, we see
even the eighth century of Islam because we would presume he was he was a bit older, when he studied with his teacher, Fatima, Fatima bit Johor, and this was one female teacher amongst many female teachers, or even in the seventh and eighth century of Islam, we see how many female scholars existed in how people would take their knowledge from the female scholars, but this doesn't mean that they were flouting the rules of the Sharia, in terms of hijab and in terms of
matters pertaining to the love, and segregation and so on, and so forth. So it doesn't mean that yes, we had female scholars, that they were conducting themselves in an unworthy way know, the whole process was worth he have the honor of the knowledge of this Sharia from his teachers, as well as Muhammad,
Al Abadi and others like you will command and allow the battery to do a pajama so he studied with you know, some of the best and and don't forget that his first teacher was his father. And he studied inherited
from his father and it is said Islamic inheritance By the way, and he said that his father was very strong in Islamic inheritance and his father passed away in the year 723 after hater and this I found stated by a half a bit hedger who's a famous Shafi re scholar and have a bit hedger, you want to take note of this named brothers and sisters, and half it had been hedger. He was the famous Shafi scholar. And he was the famous man that explained the Hadith book written by Eman
al Bukhari, Rahmatullah Alayhi, Jovian La, la him. Jimmy and so, we, you know, it has it is a very respected scholar, and he discusses
the the death of the father of a blue
metal la de la and cites for us him having passed away in the 723 after his era. So he studied Islamic inheritance with his father, he studied the Arabic language with a good fat belly. And he read to him and moolah has a book called al-mulla house, which is written by a scholar famous in famously known as Abu Baba, Abu Bakar. And he also read georgeann iya, which is another famous Arabic book. And he also did elfia diplomatic, which is a more advanced Arabic book. So he studied, you know Arabic very well with some of the best teachers. And he also studied with alleged a tunisie, who was also a famous chef, alleged a tunisie, a famous chef,
known for his abilities in the Arabic language, so is he a member.
And he studied with the best in the language and he studied the best books, or some of the strongest books written with regard to the Arabic language and I can promise you for those who can read Arabic, if you pick up the original work of Hebrew,
and you look at all the Arabic language nuances that he brings across not just you know, in terms of meanings, but even in terms of grammar, and the different views of the scholars, you can see, he was well read in the Arabic language he studied with a group of scholars among them was very, even Mohammed Al Irani, and he took a pseudo flip, and,
you know, lessons pertaining to APA and belief and Islamic creed, as well as from the famous scholar, a Sufi and Hindi, and then he also studied the sciences with his greatest teacher, his biggest teacher who can guess for me
the name of his most famous teacher who he considered his greatest teacher who has some knowledge of this and can throw it down for us in the chat box Bismillah