Channel: Riyadul Haqq
Ramaá¸an: A Spiritual Retreat – Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Sunday 14th May 2017 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)
Ramaá¸Än is a very blessed month wherein our main objective is to achieve a closer relationship with Allah. Our preparation for Ramaá¸Än should be physical, mental and spiritual. Rasulullah ï·º spoke to the Sahabah before Ramadan not only about the virtues of Ramadan but also about practical preparation so that they would make the most of the month and not to let it go to waste.
Practically, we should look at ways of freeing up time for the month of Ramadan e.g. completing chores and other work in advance. Mental preparation includes readying ourselves for the ibadah of Allah with focus and devotion.
The reason why the month of Ramaá¸an is considered a spiritual retreat is that it is a form of I’tikaf for an entire month. IÊ¿tikaf is a form of seclusion and retreat where we stay in the Masjid for a number of days, devoting ourselves to the ibadah of Allah and staying away from worldly affairs. The original meaning of iâtikaf was not just restricted to this. It meant to devote oneself and focus oneself on something to the exclusion of everything else. Ramaá¸an is a form of iÊ¿tikaf for the entire month. We should treat the whole of Ramaá¸an as a spiritual retreat where we devote ourselves to, and focus on, the ibadah of Allah to the exclusion of everything else. In daily worship, it can be very difficult to reach elevated states of spirituality. However, in Ramadan the whole environment and climate changes drastically which can help us reach higher levels of spirituality.
This lecture beautifully explains how we can spiritually enhance ourselves during the month of Ramaá¸an by looking at the examples of the past nations and those of the Prophet SAWS.
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Rahman Rahim hamdulillah
salat wa salam O Allah say even Selena Hart Amina been through muddy water and he was here drain
my bag of
money for Jean smilla rahmanir rahim in the LA Holloman ekata who is alone Island Libya yandina sobre la he was sending me
a lot my son Adam didn't wanna come oscillator. He wanna Alibaba he making Majeed Allahumma barik I don't
wanna Annie Brahim in the
respect to listeners.
just under two weeks, we will witness the beginning of the month of Ramadan.
We need to prepare ourselves
physically, practically, and also mentally,
for the coming blessed month.
We learn from a number of narrations that towards the end of Shaban, the prophets of the law while he was selling them.
And also during the month, and before the month, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam addressed the Sahaba of the Lord
and spoke to them of not just the virtue of Ramadan fasting, but also the requirement of not letting the month go to waste of not being deprived of its good. And there are many such ahaadeeth in relation to this. So similarly, we need to practically,
physically and mentally prepare ourselves for the coming month to ensure that we make the most of the month and do not allow it to go to waste. Practically, I'll speak about mentally in a moment, but practically,
defer some of our work and chores till after Ramadan.
And also complete as much as we can before them
in the hope of freeing as much as possible of our time, for the blessing.
In fact, it's actually the practice of some
even now in this day and age.
And it's it has been so throughout history,
that they even keep cooking to a minimum in the month of Ramadan.
They explain to their families
that just as the men
have free time to be able to worship, to do the law of the Torah and the vicar of Allah,
and to free themselves from other tasks and chores and gtcys. So a similar opportunity should be given to the whole household so that they don't just spend their entire time or a lot of their time cooking and preparing and entertaining guests.
And so some of them are have this practice of keeping cooking to an absolute minimum in the whole month. Only the bare necessities. And in fact we have a Sunday in that in the life of the sort of law, some of the law while he was similar
in that his soul is far
we're very simple. In fact, his meals
out of Ramadan
were extremely simple.
We learned that he would never have two types of dishes and one meal.
In fact, he would never fill his he would never fill himself he would never eat his fill with barley and meat
minion, Shadow Viola and essays that never till the day he died, did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam fill himself with barley in any two days.
So even over the spread of two days, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam never ever filled his stomach with barley. And the reason for mentioning barley is that wheat was not as common or as preferred as barley.
And in fact, in many ways for health purposes, barley is a better grain then we
also the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and lots of barley used to grow in Medina
and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. That may sound surprising, but Medina
traditionally had much more water than it has now.
And many of the values
used to flow freely with
water and this is why it was regarded as an oasis.
And amongst the crops of Medina weren't just dates that there was wheat, there was barley.
And many of the unsolved so how about all the farmers because they had lots of cultivations and farms and orchards, and they didn't just specialize in dates. Rather, there was a lot of barley as well, and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam in the later years of his life in Medina, when he gained certain lemons such as from Burnaby, in the fourth year of hedger.
Some of the lands which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi, wasallam gained himself were actually fields of barley,
sort of pseudo Luckily, his Salatu wassalam had his own fields of barley, which produce crops, maybe not all the time, but for much of the time.
And so barley was always a preferable grain to wheat.
And yet, even from barley,
whose fields he had himself,
mini and shadow Viola.
of course, he's to give a lot of it in sub.
So a lot of the properties used to give away.
And this is why when he passed away, even though previously, he had fields of barley that came in his possession,
or sort of luchador, his Salatu was Salam passed away, and let departed from this world, having borrowed
or having purchased barley
on credit from a Jew in Medina,
which he then gave to, and spread to his family.
Mommy, nanny shadow The law says that never to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam fill his stomach with barley.
Just barley in two days, and that remains so till the day he left this world. And that was out of alignment. So one can imagine what his meals were like, in the month of Ramadan, his soul is far. But this is another topic altogether. What's how much to point out is that the coming month is a very blessed month, we should prepare ourselves practically and mentally.
And part of that mental preparation is that we get ourselves for the event of a loss.
And that's what the whole month of Ramadan is about. Now, today's talk is titled Obama's spiritual retreat. And the reason for that is that the month of Ramadan is a form of Attica,
for the entire month.
And actigraph isn't just what we are accustomed to believing, which is
a very particular form of seclusion and retreat in a designated place. Of course, that is the correct meaning of actigraph as we know it now. But the original meaning of Erica guff wasn't that
and when we take the wider meaning of it
The gov, it helps us understand not just the actigraph as we know it today better, but it also helps us understand the actual event of fasting and the whole month of Ramadan in its true spirit.
Hence the name Ravana spiritual retreat.
And this is based on the understanding that the whole month of Ramadan is a form of Attica, and allow me to explain
what does the word actigraph actually mean? It comes from the root word, or gouf in Arabic, and, of course has many derivatives. last panel hoarder Allah
mentions in the holy war and wonder morality foreigner cinema surgeon,
that whilst you are in actigraph, in the machines,
but then so here, this is a clear mention of actigraph in the machine, but then again, Ibrahim alayhis, Salam said, and Allah quotes him in the Koran, that Maha they hit the mouth feed will let the undone the hierarchy food same word. loss as one two maraca foreigner feeling massage and whilst you are in Attica in the machines, and Ibrahim alayhis salaam said to his people, Maha the hit them are theater, let the unsimilar hierarchy form that what are these idols
before which you are doing Attica.
So Allah mentions actigraph in the mustards as we know it, but lot also a quotes Ibrahim Alayhi Salaam who mentioned at the gaff in relation to idols. So what is then the original meaning of Attica and the kind of simply me
for those of you who know Arabic, aka Jaco, for ofin, which means to devote oneself and focus oneself
to the exclusion of everything else. So when you single mindedly attach yourself to something, focus on something and devote yourself to that thing.
That is the original meaning of a poof. And this is what Ibrahim alayhis salam was referring to that his people,
just as others as Allah mentions in the form of a little hierarchy theme that we will remain devoted to these articles, that what they would do when they would worship
before these idols, then
regardless of the actual wording and their prayers, they
The scene was that kneeling, bowing, prostrating,
humbling themselves before these idols, they would be focused on their prayer, they will be completely devoted and sometimes would spend hours in that manner. So, the original meaning of Attica AF is not even just worship you actually means to focus yourself to concentrate on one particular thing to the exclusion of everything else, and a simple translation would be devoting yourself. So, this is the meaning of Attica.
Now, when we take that original meaning of Attica into consideration, then it becomes easier for us to understand Ramadan,
the actual actigraph in Ramadan, the whole month of Ramadan, fasting as an a burger in itself.
Now, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it's well known of him, we all know that Attica is suddenly In fact, the entire amount that throughout the history of Islam, that all a man more or less agree
unanimously, the Attica is a
prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did it regularly.
And not just in the month of Ramadan. Of course, we famously know that in the final 10 days of Ramadan Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would perform the Attica and one of the reasons for doing so just one of the many was that he would search for later
in those 10 days final 10 days of Ramadan.
Another thing is that, in the final year of Islam, the prophet similar learning
Send them did Attica not just for 10 days but for 20 days. And one of the reasons was that in the final year of his life,
prophets Allah Allah it was set meaning the final not the final year but the final Ramadan that he spent. So the final Ramadan that he spent on Earth, he did Attica for 20 days. One of the reasons was that this was connected to the revelation of the Quran and his revision of the Quran. Every month of Ramadan Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would revise the Quran with gibreel alayhis salam and the meaning of revision is that God really his family visits him. Julian alayhis salaam the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would recite as much of the Quran as had been revealed till then did you read any Sudan and he would listen. And then gibreel alayhis salaam recite the same
book to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he would listen. So, this in Asian languages, this is known as though
which we normally call door door comes from the word though. And for those of you who have done him, or are doing his or whose children and family members are, or have been doing or have done HIV, you'll be familiar with the term door, which originally comes from though, and the meaning of though is a term. So just as a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would attribute any sin and would take turns in reciting the Quran to each other one reading the other listening. So, it was the daughter of God alayhis salaam, and then it was the daughter of Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam though simply means a turn. So when we use the word door, it just refers to taking turns as gibreel alayhis
salaam and prophets of the love it was something we used to do. And this is the tradition of mirage of revision of the or and so he would do it regularly each Ramadan with Rasulullah sallallahu it was in them. And then in the final Ramadan that he spent, the prophet SAW the love it was some of them made two revisions of the Quran, Djibouti Delta, his Sunnah. So just as he did
20 days of Africa, he did two complete revisions of the or and the GB alayhi salatu was Salam.
So we know that he would do at the gaff in Ramadan, that's well known, and in the final Ramadan he did to Africa hours or 20 days of Africa, not just 10 just as he did to complete revisions of the Quran. We also know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, did actigraph out of Ramadan, and
Imam Bukhari Muslim and there's all relates that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also did Attica in the final 10 days of show while the month after Ramadan, so, and presumably, and most likely, that was actually without fasting. So there is a concept of doing etica without fasting too.
So he did it took off, even in Chahal out of the month of Ramadan. So Ramadan is not at the calf is not restricted to the month of Ramadan. But most interestingly, the epigraph of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam began, even before Islam.
So his son now I'm doing Attica
didn't just begin in Medina.
And he wasn't just in Makkah, before the hedra after the revelation of the Koran. He actually used to do Africa even before the revelation of the Quran.
Even before the age of thought,
when he first received the word,
Imam Hari Rama La La rice at the beginning, the third Hadees, which he relates
about the beginning of Revelation is from Chateau de Allah. And so the third Hadeeth in the book of cerebral Buhari is about the beginning of Revelation. And it's from Chateau de la Horne,
who says, oh, what, oh, my God, the hero pseudo lies the lahardee who was in the
middle, why are you sorry?
very beginning of receiving of revelation
on the part of the civil law, so the law it
was actually good, true for dreams.
And he would not see any dream except that it would appear like the
Break of mourning.
And the meaning of this is that
even before receiving the first verses of the Holy Prophet
salallahu alayhi salatu salam began seeing dreams.
And we learn from other narrations that this was for a period of six months.
is a very important month
for a number of reasons.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
was born in the month of April when
he departed from the world in the month of April when
he left MK he did hedger, he arrived in Medina in the month of April.
And the first verses of the Holy Quran
he received in the month of Ramadan.
But the beginning of this process began in the month of April Oh, well when he first started having these clear dreams.
So we learn that for six months, this process continued have clear dreams. And the meaning of clear dreams is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would see very clear, vivid dreams that led ultimately to receiving the first verses of the Holy Quran, in the words of Chateau de la and how they would be like the break of mourning. So when you compare mid morning brightness and the rays of sunlight in Arabia in the morning, as opposed to the darkness of the night, with no lighting whatsoever, no light pollution, the difference between the two was similar to the difference in the dreams of the Prophet salallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, and other people's dreams, other people's dreams,
we may think they are like reality when we dream.
No one very few people can actually tell
whilst they are dreaming, that this isn't reality.
We're only dreaming.
We only think that retrospectively when we wake up,
then we realize that we were only dreaming. And sometimes the mind can play tricks with us, in making us believe that whilst I was dreaming, I knew I was dreaming.
But that's what the mind does. retrospectively. Afterwards, it makes us think that even whilst we were dreaming, we thought and we knew we were dreaming. That's what the mind plants enters afterwards. But once we are dreaming, how many of us can tell that this isn't reality, this isn't the world. In fact, people have dreams within dreams.
And what they have is that they are dreaming.
And then they wake up from a dream.
So they realize that, oh, I was just dreaming, but they are still actually dreaming.
And then they wake up to reality. So when we are dreaming, we think that this is reality. This is the world. This is the truth.
And we are frightened. This is why we have nightmares. We talk now asleep, we scream, we are fearful because our body even though the brain is actually programmed to prevent the body from reacting to dreams. And it's programmed to keep the body in control during sleep.
Despite that programming and that control. dreams can be so vivid that they can still bypass that control and that programming of the brain and make the body react.
That's how sharp and vivid and strong these dreams are and akin to reality.
Now we think these dreams are real. The think of this, in comparison to the dreams at the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received in those in that period. Our dreams are still light in the darkness of the night.
Despite believing that
This is reality, if our dreams are still like the darkness of the night, in comparison to the dreams of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam which, compared to our dreams were like the bright morning sun
and bright dateline. One can just imagine how truthful and how real these dreams have a sort of loss of the law it says.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw dreams for a period of approximately six months beginning from Ruby 101 all the way till the month of Ramadan. Then
only in a shuttle the alarm hoces in the same vehicle hardy thumbor Bibi la Haleakala. Then solid she
was made beloved sort of sort of loss of the law it was.
This means that solitude was made beloved to
Allah made halwa solitude, seclusion retreat, beloved Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was driven to Biola and this was during the period of vivid dreams.
So one morning and Chateau de Allah says, What can the Yoruba Harare Hara in
la earlier the word in added,
then, after solitude was made delivered to the sort of loss of the lahardee or seldom he would
seclude himself in the cave of hell up.
And he would worship there sorry, for the handler fee, he would do the handles there.
He would do the handles therein,
and the meaning of the handle of his wish,
and he would do it a layer earlier the word added for a few nights. That means day isn't that
then meaning a shot of the alarm says he would then return to his family.
And for that period that he would remain in the cave of Hira. He would wait deservedly that he would actually take provisions with him for that seclusion for that period. Then he would return to Him for the general the alarm her and she would prepare more provisions for him, and then he would return to the cave of header.
This process continued, and in another video Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that I remained secluded in the cave of Hello Shara for a whole month.
We learned from other narrations that which month was this this was the month of Roma.
So for a whole month the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam remained in the cave of Hitler.
Now what do we learn from this?
Is that the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam.
After solitude and seclusion were made delivered to him, he was driven to spending time in solitude in
seclusion, in retreat, in the cave of Hello.
You spend a few days there, come home, prepare, take provisions go back, spend a few more days. But then there came a time when he spent an entire month
in the cave of hell.
And then when we need to shuffle the alarm her also says that he would remain secluded in the cave of he and I hit our head
until the truth came.
And that was in the form of Djibouti relays to them bringing him the first words of the Holy Quran. So let's think about this. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would spend many days and nights alone in the cave of Hira.
Today, mocha mocha Rama is a vast city, with millions residing in the city. However,
in those days before Islam,
NACA wasn't very large at all.
And even though it was regarded as a city, owing to the small populations of the time,
it was actually less populated than some villages in parts of the world.
With no artificial lighting
at night with no light pollution, one can just imagine the surroundings of monka.
At night, and yet in that period, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would leave muckety, muck alone, and travel to the cave of Shut up.
Which if we accept that it is where it is today is at a distance of a few miles, a few, a few miles from the center of the city, the province and the love it was no more travel, they're all alone, climb all the way up to this hidden cave, and then remain in solitude alone, with no one around.
in total silence, and he would remain there in solitude, not for one or two hours, for four days, and now and before the revelation of the poor and for the whole month, and that was actually the month of Ramadan and slightly before.
So he remained
One could just imagine
the loneliness, the solitude, and then what would he do? On what Nina shadow the alarm on her essays?
For your fi, what can he do to be Hari Hara. So he would seclude himself in the cave of Hira fear, the hunger for fi and he would do the handedness therein.
And the meaning of panels, again, for those of you who are students of Arabic,
atheist agenda or annual hint
from the HUD, one of the meanings of the HUD, again for the students of Arabic, that the foul
the verb of the feral includes some
and each dinner.
So that means the gym, the Barony if
the gym the burning
the gym, the Baron alleged was
one of the meanings of the 100 is that you distance yourself from lying down.
That That means you distance yourself from sin. The handle means you distance yourself from him which also means sin. So, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would do the hand within the meaning of the handedness is he would distance himself and protect himself from sin.
And that was one of the purposes of secluding themselves. So, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would go away from from the hustle bustle of the city and distance himself from everything and everyone
in the clear air and the climate of the desert, alone in a cave.
And this in itself was the meaning of a bother because we do not know from the narrations. What kind of ibadah the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did.
Salah wasn't introduced as we know it, there was no tilava of the Quran as a whole and had not been revealed.
So what would the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam do for all these days and that?
Well, the act of seclusion in itself meant so much one. And he would reflect on the last panel
he would devote himself to Allah has a vigil in a particular way. Without even the ritual forms have evolved or has been out. And that would just mean sitting and reflect on Allah has the wisdom, not for one or two hours, but for entire days, nights, for weeks for a whole month.
Now what benefit was that? What sort of what benefit was there in this? This is what actually led him and remember, he didn't do this to earn and win profit. He didn't do this to acquire profit.
As a last round of what I say is what the Cabal Len for her there. In sort of the Dora, Allah found you in search and he got
Love found you in search, and he got
so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was driven to solitude and seclusion. And when he did this, he wasn't hoping for Prophethood. He wasn't asking for that special privilege and position.
Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah still guided him to it. And this whole process of clear and vivid dreams, brighter than the crack of mourning, than the break of
these vivid dreams, this love of solitude, this reflection of lost power,
this retreat, this seclusion, this distancing himself from everything and everyone else. This whole process eventually led him to the time and place where of when of when and which mean anti shuttle the alarm, says, had a hole until the truth came.
And then gibreel le salon visit.
This is what seclusion led him to this is what solitude led him to this is what the level of loneliness led him.
Remember, this practice
was known to the Arabs.
It was known to the non Arabs
even before Islam, from the time of
the great prophets, Isa memoriam it himself and his followers would also retreat into seclusion. And although some took this too far, as Allah has original says in the Quran, what abahani marketed naturally ellipta is one in LA from out of Korea yet
that that monasticism which they invented, we did not decrease for them. But still they did it.
With one in LA seeking the countenance of a lost season last year, unfortunately from our our happy hour yet, they were not able to keep it as it should mean as it should have been kept. They were not mindful of it as they should have been mindful of it. So last panel with their honor, approved
of this seclusion, this retreat and this monasticism that they practiced,
but unfortunately they took it to extremes. And part of that extreme was that they unfortunately they would pride themselves on this was some of the moment of the
monks and the hermits of the desert. They would pride themselves on self flagellation.
So they would whip themselves beat themselves.
That was disapproved of, obviously, self flagellation was disapproved of the beating and punishing of oneself physically was disapproved of
that was part of the
monster system that Allah disliked and disapproved. And that was part of the extreme monasticism that they practiced. Another one was absolute celibacy. And
some of them would practice standing on one spot.
for hours and hours on end again, there was no purpose to that. So seclusion was good.
distancing oneself from everything and everyone else in order to focus and devote oneself to Allah subhanho wa Taala was good. But self flagellation,
These kind of awkward things were disapproved off.
And a lot of these sincere followers of Ysidro meridiam, Prophet Jesus and Amos Salaam, were
hermits and this monastery ism the solitude. This loneliness actually led them to great things, they attain great spirituality. And this is actually known in the east to remember the spiritual world
And we can't deny
and part of materialism is the belief that the only thing that exists is matter. And there is no spiritual realm whatsoever.
And yet, the people of the East, including their philosophers have always believed in
separate from religion.
So even the ancient non Muslim philosophers
believed in a world beyond this physical material. And they actually tapped into it. And they can tap into.
these ancient Chinese, and Indian philosophers, monks and hermits, they actually display tremendous feats of spirituality. I don't mean Islamic spirituality, just spirituality, in the sense that they tapped into the non material, spiritual world beyond the physical realm as we know it. This is why they have in the past, and they still continue to practice amazing feats of remaining hungry and thirsty for days, weeks on end.
One of meditate, of staying in one spot of absolute car, of practicing and exercising mind over matter, self discipline, control,
of withstanding pain,
and the strange terms that we hear of, of being able to harness the inner power such as chief.
We may laugh at some of this martial artists, especially from China and Far East, they practice harnessing the power of ci, the inner power.
Others, they are able to meditate, and for days on end, and they remain very calm.
They are hardly ever provoked.
People can punch them, and they want where
they are able to withstand pain such as walking over coal, burning cold, hot embers, people, hitting them striking them. And they being able to absolutely withstand all of this and control their pain, with mind over matter. How do they do this, they tap into the spiritual into that world beyond the physical world. So whether it's the ancient Chinese and Indian philosophers, hermits and monks, or whether these were the Christian monks, of the deserts of North Africa, of Arabia, whether these were the monks, and the nuns, of other periods, and even of Europe, in the ancient world, they were able to display tremendous feats and achievements because they tapped into that spiritual world. And
it can be tapped into, as long as one moves away from the physical realm. You can't be in the physical world
all the time, and still tap into that spiritual, you have to somehow move away even temporarily. You can't be in both worlds at the same time.
And this is one of the reasons why Rasulullah sallallahu it said, when he moved away from muckety, muck around and secluded himself, in the cave of alone, in the darkness of those nights, for days and nights on end, with a little food, with no one's keeping company, not even members of his family. And he devoted himself to a last panel with the other he secluded himself. He went into that retreat. He focused on a lot of solitude. And as we know, we were none of the narrations tell us how he would worship Allah azza wa jal in those days and nights and the solitude and the retreat of the Cave of Hira what we do know is that there was no need for him to re
there was no
Salah as we know it's for him to fall.
There was no other ritual form of worship, as we know it that's been mentioned in any of the narrations of the Cave of hero. This is why the older man say that most likely he spent that entire time only in the
eye in reflecting on a loss
in focusing on a loss or
and in some way communicating with the law
And what did that seclusion lead him?
He didn't just manage to tap into a small part of the spiritual world know, Allah subhanho wa Taala prepared him for the coming of Djibouti, and the revelation of the holy crap.
And that was no small thing, even though a lot destined for him to be who he was, even though Allah has his origin, prepared him and was preparing him for a whole period.
In fact, Allah has the word y'all had made him Nabhi and Russell and who he was, from the beginning of creation, of course, a lot has destined that. But the practical preparation itself took not only his lifetime, but the intense preparation for receiving the words of the holy war and began six months earlier, with clear vivid dreams, which as I explained, we shouldn't just think, oh, they were clear dreams, no, our dreams, that we think our reality are like night compared to the dreams that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw in those six months before the revelation of the Quran, and that intense preparation, all the way up to six months before the coming of gibreel Sara,
with the words of the Quran, in that preparation, when the spiritual world opened up before him, what was the ultimate reaction of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was filled with all anthrax.
And he ran
to de Janeiro de la Mancha and told her throw water on me cover me cover me.
And he was trembling,
the alarm to reassure him. So with all of that preparation, with just one meeting with gibreel alayhis salam, and with just five verses of the holy for an despite all of that preparation, that was the power that the spiritual world had on the Prophet sallallahu it was the other world hat.
And just for that little amount of loss that prepared him practically in such a way as opening a shot of the lover and her sees through a bit illegal color. Then solitude was made beloved to him, meaning Allah made loneliness and solitude delivered to the sort of law. So the law it was
a last panel with Anna prepared him in that manner.
I've gone into this lengthy explanation to show that retreat, seclusion. solitude
is a necessary requirement for being able to
access that spiritual world beyond the physical world.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala has given us the opportunity in Nevada,
and especially in the month of Ramadan, and not just in the final 10 days, if we do
our whole Ramadan should be a retreat, our fasting should be a retreat, our Salah should be a retreat. And this is the meaning of mentally prepare ourselves. Because the reality is we are given this opportunity five times a day. But how often can we do we make our solar a form of Africa
a retreat from the world do we have
now how is solar a form of Africa a form of seclusion or retreat
when we begin Salah.
The first that could be
is known as
the Kabira three era
that's one of the names you can call it the harima you can call it the first that we can call it the headin. You can also call it that that could be of the heading. And you can also call it the beat of era.
So it's known as the miracle era.
Now we know the meaning of heroin.
We are familiar with the term
we normally associate it with the clothing
the two simple pieces of cloth for men
and restricted clothing for women, specific for
and hedge. That's a common meaning of prom, but a real
did not mean and it still doesn't mean I'm not saying it's wrong to use it. Yes, we all use the word haram for the clothing of hygiene Amara
make making some things sacred. That's the original meaning of
making something sacred. And in fact making something wrong. And the original meaning of harm isn't unlawful as isn't something bad.
The original meaning of Haram is also sacred. That's why we have illustrated
the sacred precent the sacred mystery.
And the idea was that any area which is sacred is also forbidden.
You couldn't enter it a sacred area, you had to tread very carefully, and it was normally forbidden, you weren't allowed to enter that area.
And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, and these later Bukhari and others from a normativity Machito de la horn, Allah in the liquidity millikin, Shema, were international law him having know that every king has a
a sanctuary Hema doesn't mean boundary means a sanctuary know that every king has a sanctuary.
And traditionally, the Arabs
when they will travel.
Since the nomads,
the leader of the tribe,
he would claim
he would stake his first claim on a number of things. One of the things he would do is that when he was traveling, he would travel they would set up his tent in a certain place. And then a boundary was created an artificial boundary.
Sometimes as far as the howling, or the barking of a dog could be heard, etc. And then it was announced to the rest of the tribe that
This is His sanctuary. No one else can hunt
or claim any animals or allow their own animals to graze in this
Capturing of prey and other animals must take place for everyone else outside this small area,
which was now the hammer the boundary sorry, the sanctuary of the king.
In fact, even now,
who doesn't know Genghis Khan?
Who hasn't heard of him? Now, when Genghis Khan died? His followers remember he was a nomad as well, a nomadic chieftain.
When he died, his followers set up a Hema a sanctuary of approximately 200 square miles
around his gray burial place. And no one knows the exact burial place, but they set up a boundary of 200 square miles. And that boundary is actually still honored till today, that sanctuary. So they call it the forbidden area proximately 200 square miles.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says Allah in the liquidity, Millikan, Haman know that every king has a sanctuary.
And that sanctuary is forbidden.
In the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, we're in the Himalayan Mountains. So what can be said of the King of kings, and indeed the sanctuary of Allah are his forbidden sin.
So everything which Allah has made forbidden, as part of a law sanctuary, do not go anywhere near.
So the meaning of haram originally was something sacred. And something sacred is something forbidden. You don't go there, because it's forbidden, not because it's bad, because it's too good. That was the original meaning of Halong. I'm still having mystery.
And the meaning of home therefore, is to make something her arm which is sacred
So when we say Allahu Akbar,
we do and say,
a number of things we stand facing that
we prepare ourselves with,
we wash ourselves rich,
in a manner as though we are washing away our connection with a dunya. Now, we can't do this before every Salah. So
Islam has reduced the process of purification from the full source.
And stand this,
it'd be too much to do hostile before every seller. So
Islam has reduced the full hosts, to just a symbolic hosts.
And the symbolic awesome.
The symbolic bathing is to wash not the entire body, but those parts of the body that are commonly exposed to the face.
And it should have been the whole head as well. But then again, to reduce the requirement, instead of washing the entire head thoroughly, we are mainly required to pass water over with a wet hand. So to me,
again, that's just to reduce the burden. But to watch the full facts, and actually the whole head that's exposed, but the head was just the muscle, and then the hands and the arms, and then the feet, because these are the common areas of exposure. But why only these areas, the reason is that they symbolize and they represent the entire body. And in reality, we should be doing listen for the whole body before every soldier.
But to reduce the burden, we aren't required to do hospital before every so I'll be only required to do will do which represents us. One, two, it should have been we'll do before every seller. But again, to reduce the burden. As long as we haven't broken and violated that we'll do. We are able to repeat as many sellers as we can and as we want with the same will do. That's just to reduce the burden. So in order to stand before last panel, without I think of the process, we wash ourselves from the world. So in a way we're actually doing, so we wash ourselves, we wash away from us, we wash our hands our entire body of the dunya.
Then we stand before Allah, and we face one particular direction.
And that means devotion, focus, concentration. Once we've done that, we raise our hands. And this is again symbolic in the sense that we throw the dunya and the world behind us. We raise our hands, we are throwing the dunya and the world behind us. We shun we renounce everything. And once we've done that, we say Allahu Akbar, and the saying of Allahu Akbar,
marks the consecration of our prayer. It ties the knot, this with the word Allahu Akbar, with that declaration. With that pronouncement. We now make our state sacred.
We may have a state how long
once we say luck, but what do we do now? We are now in the sacred and haraam state of summer where things off a bit
so in reality, this whole process leads us into a form of Attica, our Salah is a retreat. It's a seclusion, it's a renunciation of the world. We don't talk with anyone else. We don't look left or right.
We don't speak, we don't eat, we don't drink. All of that is physical, we don't even turn away. All of that is physical, but spiritually and mentally, we should be aiming for focusing on just a last panel with Allah on the words of Allah azza wa jal on our a bother on our prayer on our communication because we are in conversation with Allah. That's meant
and This in itself is a form of retreats.
When we do sutra
one of the phrases referring to Salaam is the holy
which means making Hello
So when we say salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa
say salam is it just because when we complete our Salah, we are now to spreading greetings. Now, the reason for Salaam is we had retreated into a different word.
We had secluded ourselves,
we had secluded,
we had retreated into a different realm, we had entered into a harem state in which we had forbidden so many things, including speech communication with the world contacting the world. And if we can take our Salah to the best position, then we had actually made any thought of the world hard on ourselves.
We were away, we were absent, we were in a different world.
And then, when we finish our Salah, we end the harem state by making ourselves and our state Hello, okay. And that's marked with words, we have to have some sort of declaration for that. So just as we had a declaration for entering into the haraam sacred state by saying Allahu Akbar, we now have a declaration for exiting the haraam state, which is salaam aleikum. And that's why the sneem of Salah is also known as the making of Halla making ourselves Hello. So why do we say Salaam So what? Why?
And what why was the declaration Allahu Akbar?
Why was that declaration chosen for the process of entering into the sacred state? Why? Because we remove ourselves from the world, and we present ourselves before last panel with Allah, we gradually come into the presence of a lot. So when we come into the presence of Allah, we greet Allah. First, when you come into someone's presence, you greet them. And the greeting of last panel with Allah when we assure ourselves into his sacred presence is with the words, the first words are simply of a law, you are the greatest. That is our declaration
of entering into their sacred state, and why that particular declaration, because we push ourselves into the presence of a last panel with honor, and in doing so, the first words that we say to Allah are, Allah Your Grace. With that we begin our communication our conversation with the law. So when we end that, we end with a prayer just before leaving.
And then when we leave the nodal presence of the last panel with the other, and we exit the haraam state, and we want and once again, enter the halaal, state of the dunya. We do it by meeting your world again.
By meeting everyone else again, by exiting that sacred world, and coming back to the normal coming back into the normal world. And the first people that we see in the normal world are those around us. So this is why the Greek the declaration chosen for that exiting is just as the declaration chosen for entering the sacred world is greeting the last panel with the declaration for exiting the sacred world is greeting the P. That's why we say a Samadhi Samadhi
This is reason so the whole of Sunnah is a retreat, it's a seclusion we're actually entering into a haram state. So isn't just for Hajj we enter into a haram state
and as a last panel with Anna season sort of the vaquera and hydroshield melmoth from and follow the theme that had to Florida for what I've talked about
the hedge is a period of nine months so whoever makes hedge obligatory on themselves and the meaning of making hedge obligatory upon themselves in these nine months. It means entering into the state of
So again, we enter into the state of calm isn't the clothing at home is a sacred state. So one could actually be in a state of home without the clothing and one could be with the home with the clothing, but not in the state of so home is a state just like the salon was a state of being in Herat or haram state, the
heroine is a state again, how do you mark
getting into that state? It's done with a declaration. So how do you you can put on the clothing. You can read it yourself. But you need a declaration you need a mark which shows that you have now
exited the halaal state into a haram state. So how is that done? It's done with love bake, love, bake La MaMa bake love Baker nursery calacatta bake in the handle Nicoletta lockable milk lash, reconnect again, the bake,
I present myself before
repetition, I present myself before presence, presence, presence presence, or law presence presence.
This is how we announce our presence before last panel data in the state of error. Once we are in lost presence, we are away from the dunya more things become Halong for us.
And that's in the realm of hedging.
And then again to exit that harm state.
a physical decoration, we shave ourselves, our heads etc. And there are other markings. Similar is the sacred state of fasting. This is why I say even fasting is a retreat.
How do we fast?
Just last week, hammer hood there are other C's of her arm. And I'll mention this in a moment. But how do we fast we normally have the knee
and the knee is sufficient. But we make we enter into a hot arm states fasting as a sacred state. Now to understand the state of fasting, compare it with Hajj and Umrah What does the last panel with Allah seen in the Holy Quran about the state of Islam from unfollowed the feeding the Hajj, fell out of the earth will will argue that whether makes harem Hajj obligatory on themselves in these months by entering into the state of Allah. Then Allah mentions three things lots of things are what are lots of things are Hara, in Iran of Hajj and Umrah but Allah only mentions three things.
He doesn't mention the removal of hair, which is how it isn't mentioned the applying of fragrance, which is how he doesn't mention the clipping of nails, which is how long
a lot dimensioned any of these things, what law chooses to mention is something which was wrong, even out of error, three things.
So in error, you have a number of things which become harm which were already Hello.
The trimming of hair, the clipping of nails, the application of fragrance,
etc. These were Hara. Now they become Haram. A surprisingly Allah speaks about haram doesn't mention any of the heroin things of harm that we had before which suddenly became heroin. Rather law only mentions three things which are haram anyway.
Why? Because Allah wishes to lay emphasis on these three things that these are haram anyway, but even more so in the state of her arm. We all seem to be careful about removal of hair,
application of fragrance we all are in a home. I shouldn't do this. I should be careful, no clipping of nails, no trimming of hair, no application of fragrance we are extremely careful. Well, we've become quite absent minded and complacent about other things that we are so accustomed, because these heroin things we do day in day out.
So last panel with an age reminding us of all these things, now specially and the three things which he mentions in the state of her arm are referred for so they are referred means vulgarities,
leanness indecency even verbally. That's our offer. Number two for soap, sinfulness and number three, Judah Coralie.
Now remember these three and one of the most famous had Eve and authentic had he about fasting related by mumble Hardyman Muslim and others. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says
what either gana Yama saw me
and so when one of you is fasting on any day
now what fasting is a sacred state? What was helana becomes Haram. So what was Hannah eating was Helen has become haram drinking was Hello, it's now become Halong conjugal relations were Hello. They've now become
so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was speaking about fasting wounds is but just like Allah in that verse. He didn't warn us about those things that were hello and have become
haraam in the sacred state of fasting just like a law. He warns us about those things which are haram anyway.
But which we have become so accustomed
that we need reminding of with emphasis. And just like Allah, what does he say? Subhana love a correlation between the words of a lungs of a source of love. It was seldom about the sacred states of her arms,
and her arm in CRM and fasting, the sort of loss of love it seldom says we're either gonna Yama somatic woman, one of you is fasting. What shouldn't he do? fella Yarrow, fourth, let him not do refer. Just as a last a is there fell out office. Let there be no indecency. But sort of last name Selim says, follow your fourth. Let him not be indecent or vulgar in speech? Well, yes. And let him not shout or raise his voice for insert but we'll add an obatala. And if someone quarrels with him, abuses him or actually quarrels with him, then what should he do fileopen in the room saw him then he should simply say, I am a fasting person.
So again, no quarreling, no rough, no sinfulness now quarreling. These things were her arm anyway. But a lot is also the law volumes that emphasize them again for both hedge and fasting, because ultimately, we enter into a sacred state, and we need to guard and preserve that sacred state. So fasting is a sacred state solar is a sacred state. The whole of Ramadan is a sacred state, and we should treat it as a retreat. We should treat as a form of Attica at the Gulf isn't just physical. This is why we can be in Africa, and yet have no actigraph whatsoever.
Hmm. People are in the masjid.
They're in the masjid of Allah. In the final 10 days of Ramadan. They are in the sacred state of Aeronautica.
Let's speak of ourselves. A laugh a bit the IB in the
in the final 10 days of Ramadan in Africa with intention of sooner Hezekiah.
planning to stay for the whole 10 days and never leaving the masjid
and fasting in those 10 days. So a jewel Attica, the attic off of the masjid, the Aligarh for fasting, they have the Gulf state of fasting. I'm in seclusion. I'm supposedly in retreat from the world.
And yet there I am sitting on my smartphone, surfing the net. I'm not saying it's wrong.
I'm just saying that I can be an ethnographer and you're not being etica. I'm surfing the net.
I'm attached to the world.
I don't, but I could be reading gossip
vane world in US
And then having finished from my browsing session.
I could then have a friend sit next to me.
And whilst being in the Attica secluded inside a tent
I could be engaged in conversation with another person in Attica in the machine in the state of fast both of us backbiting someone else
and engaging in the verbal sin of backbiting.
And so I am in the center of the machine maybe right next to the member and then we'll subtler and the subject of the email. Maybe I am the email.
I am the email.
I've just finished leading salah
and I'm in my tent surrounded by students.
Enemy engaged in backbone panel. I could be in at the caf and yet have no Attica because at the golf isn't just a physical state. It's a mental state. It's an emotional state. It's a spiritual states. The real meaning of Africa, not just inside the masjid is a retreat from the whole world. Just as a sort of muscle alive, it has retreated from the dunya.
You have to detach yourself from the physical world to tap into that spiritual and it has to be a complete break. It's like going from one room to another, one world to another one realm to another one complete
state to another. You can't have your feet in both places at the same time.
And that's the meaning of Attica. And this is what Ramadan is designed to do. This is why the whole atmosphere of Ramadan changes. We should be doing this five times a day with our Salah. It's not easy. Can you imagine? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was in retreat and in seclusion from this world, whenever he would be engaged in the vicar of Allah. But even more so in Salah. This is why, on that famous occasion when he led Salatu coup, he led Salah to pursue
the prayer for the eclipse of the sun. And that was on the day that his son had done.
Ibrahim rhodiola one
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was leading Salah. And he suddenly took a step back.
Prior to that, it took a step forward.
And he told us how about the law?
Do you know why step four. Do you know why.
The reason for his stepping back insula was a flame of the fire of janam laptop.
And the reason for stepping forward is
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw one of the one of the sort of bunch of the grapes of gin
and him forward to
take and had he been able to take it, the people of the world would have consumed just from that one bunch of grapes till the end of time.
Now the purpose of mentioning this is that the Salah have Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was such that Jen and Jen opened up before insula, whilst he was on his feet were planted on earth.
And yet his retreat from the world was so complete.
physically, not just mentally.
the retreat of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
we should we we should be able to do some of that five times a day, it's difficult, we should be able to do that. Whenever we have knuffle fasting.
And it's much easier to do it in enough or fast than it is to do five times a day in Scala.
Because the hunger and the thirst, create sharpens our consciousness, it does. And it folk it helps us focus it really does. So it's easier in occasional fasting than it says in regular five times Allah because we're so accustomed to it. But then the easiest time when Allah when the time when Allah has made it easiest for us isn't the month.
Everything changes, the climate changes, the atmosphere changes, the rewards change, the sharpener chained,
the doors of gym are flung open, the doors of gentlemen slammed shut.
Mercy reaches the people, angels descend, angels make nightly announcements.
There is regular forgiveness, there is an atmosphere, a climate, a period of forgiveness of mercy. There is a change in the air
in the world, all of that helps people
in spending Ramadan and the facets of Ramadan in a special way.
And therefore, we should try to make our whole Ramadan, a spiritual retreat, a time of seclusion, a time of add to carve out the calf isn't just being in one particular place.
Africa, of course, that's what the prophet sallallahu Sallam did. And that's a son now of Africa. And there are all the laws attached to it. But I'm not talking about the laws of the garden. I'm talking about the spirits of Africa. And the spirits of Africa means that you could be in Africa and you have no ettercap whatsoever. And yet, at the same time, you could be out of conventional Africa and be in a state of Africa. So you could be strictly speaking, you could be in the marketplace. You could be in the marketplace, and yet be in a state of Attica.
There are similar Aloma who are trying
There is no harm in trading
in work in doing business.
People ask why did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stop trading? He was a trader and it was a management. But after Nobu, why did he stop trading? He did Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, more or less stopped trading after the revelation of the Holy Quran.
Yes, for a pseudo loss of love it was his was now a completely new position. And it wasn't befitting his status, to be a trader to continue as a trader whilst being in the beat and a messenger.
But he lived a normal
event to the marketplace. He shocked and that's one of the things that the Braves couldn't understand. What kind of Prophet is he? We expect an angel perfect in every sense.
And they used to say Mally harder or soulier Allah, William schieffelin.
Marley however soon yeah, kutamo him she Phil as well. What is it with this messenger, he eats food, and he walks in the markets.
So last panel huhtala talk even about Miriam alayhis. Salam, and even eat about Isa it has Salaam Gan, Kalani, they would both eat food
that even even Jesus who is hailed as God and the Son of God, and even Mary, who is hailed as the Mother of God, they needed to eat
and they would eat.
So even the Prophet salallahu it who was
at walks in the marketplace, he shocked for his name.
He carried out his chores.
As part of the law, essays when she was asked, What would the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam do at home? She says he would do what men do that means what real men do. So what do real men do at home? She explains a lot.
Kind of female.
He would be in the service of his family.
That's what real men do. He would be in the service of his family.
He would patch his clothes himself. He would milk the goat himself with his noble hands.
He would repair his sandals.
He would remove lice from his clothes and blankets himself.
Then when it was time for Salah he would get it and he'd leave for slaughter.
That's what real men do.
They do housework.
A lot grant as though feel. I know we don't do it. But we should attempt to follow in the footsteps all of a sudden last Friday. So she says when she was asked what would he do? She says he would do what men do.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam lived a normal life. But as far as trading, he he stopped being a trader in the traditional sense that he was before. What but Rama Sahaba. Many of them were traders, a man Buhari was a trader. Many remain humble and he loves to trade.
So there's no harm in earning a living we have to in trading and doing business. So there are many orlimar who used to
trade in the marketplace, and what would they do?
and we're not talking about other classical scholars many centuries ago, one alum of the last century.
He was a trader. And he used to have a market stall in the middle of the market in a marketplace.
And it was half with of the Quran and it was an animal scholar.
And he used to buy guns he used to sell.
And whilst he was sitting at the market stall, he would be reciting the whole report. And his habit was that in the market, not even at home and not throughout the day, but just in the hours that he would sit in the marketplace every single day he would complete one hole
and not just absent mindedly vocal devotion. And by heart.
I mean baja
100 every single day. So you can be in the middle of the marketplace and yet be inactive.
Africa in the spirit of Africa, if you are removed from the world mentally, emotionally and spiritually, though physically you are.
That is the real meaning of Africa. It's not about physical Africa. It's about mental, spiritual and emotional. And the reason for being it being physical is that that's what helps you. So when you pinch yourself in seclusion in the machine, it should help you achieve that mental, emotional, and spiritual ethic off of achievement, retreats and seclusion, but the one does not necessarily guarantee the
same so you can be in physical Attica, and not be an attic if at all, and some people are so enlightened, that they could be
physically not in the state of Attica, but in reality, actually in a state of Attica, mentally and emotionally and spiritually. Ramadan, the whole month is a state of the gaff, let us mentally prepare ourselves for the coming month. And I pray that Allah enables us to
prepare ourselves mentally and spiritually and to make our fasts and our whole time in the blessed month, whether in or out of the masjid a lot enable us to make it's a form of Attica form of seclusion, a form of retreat from this dunya and a form of attachment and devotion with Allah and devotion to Allah subhanho wa.
I ended this was the law house and America after he was sued in the Vietnam eduarda. He was, I mean, a lot