Channel: Riyadul Haqq
Dr. Merlino, me
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American farmer in the shape of regime law.
In the law a woman equal to who is saloon
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a lot Muslim Madame Madame Juana,
later Allah Ibrahim
come about Donna Ibrahim. Ibrahim. He
for the reading and study of
a very famous Hadeeth related by a shadow the alive on
the eighth which details
expedition of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
trial and tribulation for more money in Asia will be Allah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and also the Muslims.
It's a very famous idea for many reasons.
One of them is that these are the
personal These are the words and a personal testimony of a Chateau de la one herself.
She was extremely eloquent.
After all, she was the daughter of a vocalist of the viola.
And on one occasion when she had a verbal contest with
a cold wife, Zane have been shut up, the alarm rang her, and she silenced her.
Somewhat so they moderation. The
the mouth of Zenith international the law
became dry and she was left confounded and speechless. This was in the presence of the prophets of the law, it was seldom, he remarks by saying that after all, she is the daughter of a buck
in that, just as a worker of the law was a man of letters of poets. And one of the nobles of arrange a leading man of the Arabic language, his daughter was no less than him. In her knowledge of the Arabic language and its poetry. She was extremely eloquent. And the single narrative very long, the youth has actually been held up as a brilliant example of Arabic literature. So in anthologies, or Arabic literature, this heavy features prominently,
because it's the personal account of a woman woman in a shadow of the alarm It
is also important because it contains many details about and many details about incidents during the time of the Prophet some of the law it was sudden them, which then themselves led to laws being established. So for the automa effect, and for Islamic law, and jurisprudence, is heavy serves as a very strong basis for a number of rulings. But
let's begin the heavy and Sharla bits by bits. As we move along, we'll understand more and more of the circumstances and details of adding.
For those of you who aren't aware, for a number of years, we've been going through the commentary, or we've been actually going through the book, The abridged version of the Hebrew.
So the Hadeeth Islam is the Hebrew hearty and I've been commenting on on these ahaadeeth Today we've reached this particular
edition that'll be a lot.
It's related to from a shadow Viola anchor that she said kind of a pseudo law is the law while he was sending them when laws messenger some of the law I think it was sending them either either and he was a sufferer. When he
You would intend to go out on a journey, a carabiner, as you will draw lots amongst his wives. The prophets of the love it, who was one of them had
a number of wives. And although
according to a number of scholars, he, he was under no obligation to
divide his time equally between them. But as a paragon of justice, that's exactly what the prophets in the LA ecosystem would do. Furthermore, in Islamic Fiqh, if a person has more than one life, then they are under no obligation to divide their time equally,
when on a journey, so all the more so for us all the love and the love, it
was under no obligation to divide time equally in any sense, at home or on a journey. But even when traveling, he wouldn't just make an arbitrary decision, and randomly pick or particularly pick who he wished, rather, in the spirit of fairness, and to ensure that the
he appease the sentiments of all of the wives, He will draw locks. So whatever was the decision, and whatever was the other, and whoever whoever name emerged, when drawing locks, that life, all number of wives would travel with the prophecy love it.
And we learn on many different journeys, sometimes, not all of the wives accompanied him, but different wives accompanied him sometimes for years, sometimes more, on some occasions, possibly only one.
So he would draw a lot. So here what we need a shovel the alarm, describes a general rule that whenever he would travel, it will draw lots of horses, wives, and the drawing of lots is entirely permissible, since there's no monetary reward involved, and there's no element of risk. One of the main reasons why gambling has been forbidden is the unacceptable level of risk, and unfairness to all the parties involved.
So the here since there's no monetary contribution or reward, there's no gross loss to anyone or any level of an acceptable risk. So drawing lots is permissible. And I'll speak about this further, maybe at the end of the regarding some of the laws of drawing lots. But as a general rule, one woman in HR of the law says, whenever the profits of love, equals send them wish to travel on a journey, who will draw lots of monsters wives, who's ever named emerged, she would accompany him a carabiner, as virtually he would draw lots more says wives for cottages.
So whoever have them, her name emerged in that lot. He would take her with him for uclouvain, and a few of us out in Orissa. So he drew lots of monsters in
a military expedition, which he launched for me. So my
lot emerged, the words some means arrow. And that's how the Arabs would draw a lot. That was one method.
In the last weeks about Medallia has said, that the priests of the temple have gathered
in order to decide who would look after
Maria Maria salon.
Each one was very eager to do so because of the her prestigious lineage, the fact that she was dedicated to the worship of Allah in the service of the house have a life.
For this and many of the reasons the priests and the elders were all eager to singularly and specifically and exclusively claim, the adoption and the caring and maintenance and the custody of Miriam,
the mother of Prophet Isa alayhis salaam. So how did they do it line form the messenger some of the law, I think, was that they drew lots, and their method of drawing lots was through pens, or marking Villa de aplomb. Iyanya
Omar Quintanilla de
la Caesar messenger of a lot you went presence with them when they were casting their pens. Are you
Nick fuller medium that who of them would take custody of medium. So their method of drawing lots was by throwing pens, or bamboo sticks, which were pens in the water. And whichever one either proceeded the others or remained the float. That was a choice. Here, the Arabs, one of their methods was they would draw arrows.
And they would have a number of arrows and who each one would choose an arrow.
So whoever's arrow would come out, so that would be their lot. This is what's referred to in the Quran as well, where in the middle, Allah says in the middle, Humberto will amaze or will unsub when Islam did some enamel is shaped long, that indeed, alcohol gambling, and the altars of sacrifice and slob, these are all evil and abominations of the work of the devil. And the fourth thing which he mentions, along with alcohol, gambling is Islam. Islam means arrows. But what particular arrows, the arrows of divination, and the Arabs would go to holy men, whenever they wanted to do something? And they would ask these holy men? Should I travel? Should I not travel? Should I undertake this
business enterprise? Shouldn't I? Should I marry Shouldn't I marry in all of these major decisions? The Arabs would just like the Greeks would consult the Oracle, the Arabs would consult their holy man, one of their ways of doing it would be three arrows of divination. So the holy man or the
soothsayer would have particular arrows, and whatever, he would randomly choose an arrow. And his arrows were named, yes, no.
So if no came out, regardless, he would say, the arrow says, No, the arrow says, Yes, so that would actually act on that. So the Koran says that these arrows of divination are an abomination, and the work of sheep lamb. And the reason for that is because they would rely randomly on something such as this. Furthermore, we use people, they their faith was not in a lab or in the butter, but rather in these Holy Spirits, and in the occult. So abolish that a lot as the Virgil has given us, is the car
in substitution of these arrows of divination. So the arrows were used for, for divination, for divining, portance and omens, and also to draw lots drawing lots of permissible. So the word of the Hadeeth has certainly meaning my arrow emerged. But it doesn't mean that the prophets of the love it wasn't actually used arrows. This was the origin of drawing lots, so it means a share. So my share emerged. In fact, in modern Arabic, shares on the stock market are referred to as
that's one of the names given to them just means a share. So in a shot of the love and her seeds for how to just suddenly so my share emerged for the miracle. So I went on this journey with the prophets of Allah it was sent them
back the mountains of hijab after hijab had been revealed, meaning after the laws of hijab had been revealed.
Now, which journey was this witch expedition was this.
This was she says that the prophets of love and evil sort of drew lines
on this particular Jen, a military expedition that he launched,
which journey was this? When was this
this journey was known as a hospital mauricia.
It has two names, actually. It was nothing more racy was what the vanilla was.
And this was in the fifth year of hitch in the month of Chava.
actually, on the
second day of Shabbat, the third day of Shabbat I
mean, two nights have passed. So on the third day of Siobhan in the fifth year of hedger, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam embarks on this journey, and he remained away from the city of Medina for approximately 28 days. He arrived just before the beginning of the month of Ramadan in the fifth year of history.
Where did he traveled to he traveled towards the settlements or the inhabited lands of a tribe known as
So a bit of background to the actual military expedition, because a lots happened in this journey.
A lot happened. It wasn't just a case of the famous story of a shadow of the alarm.
But much more happened. And if I can just give a summary and this is one of the reasons why we actually studying not all the details are to be found in the Hadeeth.
The reason why this Hadeeth is so important is because it was a very important and critical period in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. As a summary, he embarks on a military expedition known as the one animal study, campaign or the campaign of Mali see you both refer to the same thing. He was absent for approximately a month. The hypocrites also joined him on this journey, for reasons of their own, a battle or a raid, took place. In that raid, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Muslims were victorious. About 700 of them left from Medina.
And they fought against the animal stuck the tribe or sub tribe.
They were victorious, only one Muslim died.
And the number of the enemy were defeated, were killed. But the majority of them were actually captured. And amongst the captives, was the daughter of the leader who was known as an hateth. And she eventually became the wife of the sort of law, some of the law I think, was one of them. And she is the famous druidic God, it'll be in touch with her story in itself was remarkable when she married the Prophet sallallahu wasallam all the Muslims release the all the captives. Then
later, her father and her brothers embraced Islam, most of the tribe embraced Islam. And from that moment onwards, even though hitherto there have been enemies of Rasulullah sallallahu it some of them, they were one of the supporting tribes, for the Muslims and even in the conquest of Makkah in the age of Hydra, one of the
divisions, or parts of the division of the Muslim army that conquered Makkah was made up by soldiers and the tribesmen have been studied
and will return to the journey a number of events took place, including a quarrel between
two Muslims one from Medina one from Makkah, meaning one of the Mahajan room, and one of the Tsar. As a result of this quarrel, Abdullah will be able to saloon the leader of the hypocrites who was actually part of this expedition. He sees this opportunity to sow discord amongst the Muslims. And
he also made comments about what sort of love some of the love it was some of them one of the young companions heard these comments and he came and complained to the province a lot riding on some of them
unfortunately, because I'm delighted no eveness at all was a very prominent figure.
Others argued on behalf of others argued and sincerely because some of them felt that the hobbies even though the alarm I may have misheard, weren't the light and the weakness and was saying since he was only a child, so he was disbelieved Abdullah ignore even subtle was believed, they did not come in shame and embarrassment he went into hiding. And then last is the which will actually reveal sort of the one article. And in there he proved the truthfulness and the honesty and the veracity of the outcome of the law one and Allah revealed to him why I'm delighted and it will be even more subtle did actually say. So this was also the, the occasion for the revelation of sort of all of the
lighting or even the civil wars forever seeking an opportunity to create trouble for the prophets of Allah and the Muslims. And on the same journey later, closer to Medina, the when the army had settled that night, and kept on walking in shadow the alarm
had gone out to answer the call of nature, she lost her necklace, and while searching for it, the aunt she drifted away and the army When she returned, she realized that the camp had broken and resumed their journey. She
in her innocence
fell asleep. And she was then discovered by Safari and wiped them out of the law one companion, who had been appointed to act as the rear
scouser on part of the Muslim. So he came and he discovered shuttle the alarm on her. So he brought us safely to the Muslim camp the next morning. I'm delighted no beating us at all. Again, seizing this opportunity to sow discord create fitna he instigated a room that's suffering even Martin and shadow the alarm had committed adultery. And this was spread in the camp. And the news spread like wildfire and shot of the alarm on her in innocence didn't realize, when she reached Medina, she fell ill. And then word began to filter through to her. And then for approximately a whole month, the household of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was in turmoil, the Muslims were in turmoil,
Medina was in turmoil. And it took a whole month
for this matter to be resolved. And it was only resolved when Allah revealed versus of sort of the move in the levina Joe will be the men come which absolved me and I shall have the Allahu I'm have any blame of any ill repeats and exonerated her totally and declared her innocence.
So this video is mainly about the personal trial and tragic tribulation of many inaccurate shot of the alarm. But this is the background. So these are just some of the details that will be contained in these. And this is why I said it's such an important heavy anyway going back so
it'll be a lot more enhanced as whenever the profits of the love it for someone will travel he would draw lots and lots as wives. he embarks on an on an expedition and he drew lots My name came out. So I accompanied him. Now which expedition was this? As I said this was the military expedition of the normal study, which is also known as what I see to place in Shaban in the fifth year of Hitler.
Now, whoever normal study, where did they live?
This is important some degree so I'll explain.
The Arabs lived in a very tribal society. And one cannot actually understand much of the Sierra. All the history of Islam and the Muslims, especially in the early days of mccahon Medina and during the life of basalt Allah Salam Alaikum Salaam without gaining an insight into this tribal society, its norms, its customs, its methods, and even the individual tribes and their relationship with a sort of law. So the law it was sent them maka maka, Roma
and when I mean Originally, I don't mean from the very beginning but at least for a good few generations before it's now many generations. For a long time, the muckety muck aroma was occupied and controlled by Blue cozaar, a very large famous and powerful tribe, the hoosac tribe. This was not the tribe of the what Ah, greater a different tribe, or Ah, eventually one of the leaders of the Rh
who's known as per se will say you've no killer will say you can look it up.
He was one of the leaders of the orange, he launched an attack against Makoto macabre and he drove out because our and or se then became the undisputed leader of Macau. And he was one of the great grandfather's of the prophets of the law. It was one of them.
And not too far back either. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his father was Abdullah, his father was Abdullah blood. His father was harsh and his father was abdomen Earth and abdomen laughs father was.
So he was the conqueror of muckety muck Obama. When he conquered Makkah, he and the remaining clams of a rage. They seized Makkah and they drove out because they're because they're dispersed around muckety muck aroma, and they just took up residence in different areas. Because these were nomads. They wouldn't just stay in one area but they had huge areas.
They will occupy and move with the rains and the seasons, booms that one of the sub tribes of Jose
was born was
a very powerful tribe, but it was one of the sub tribes of Gaza. They also lived in that area. So, by the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is hijra, and the time that we're the period that we are speaking of now, in the fifth year of hijra, the baboon stallion lived to the north of Makkah, between Makkah and Medina, but closer to Makkah, along the hedgerow routes, quite simply parallel to the Red Sea. So they live closer to the sea. And along the route of hedgerows, and also along the trade routes between Mecca and Sham Syria.
This was the region that they occupied. And like I said, they would move around because they were nomadic. So when we study,
one of the areas that they would occupy along with the movement of the rains, and the seasons was a famous Oasis or an area knots and the waste has been an area where there were many wells and natural water, and a fertile region that was known as mauricia. So Morrissey, it was just one of the areas that they would occupy at different times.
This is where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam actually fought against them, and defeated them. And it's not too far from the sea. So it was in the direction of the, from Medina it was in the western direction, Southwestern direction. So the province of the love it was some of them in the fifth of hidrive marched against Now why did he do so?
One of the reasons is that
in the back sort of but
the Quraysh fought against Muslims,
and were defeated.
After their defeat in the Battle of Britain in the second year of Hitler, in the month of Ramadan, the Moroccans fluttered their revenge. And they also sought the assistance of other tribes, since many of their most powerful leaders had been had fallen.
And one of the tribes who they sought assistance from was Burnham study.
So in the Battle of Orford,
Boustany, actually assisted the bridge in fighting the Muslims. So that was in the third year of his life in the month of chawan.
So ever since then, the blue spirit posed a threat to the Muslims, because they had already participated in the Battle of the Furthermore,
after the Battle of word, Boustany independently of the range, we're plotting and planning to attack the Muslims attack Medina, and for a whole two years after the Battle of word, they were making their preparations. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got wind of this, and he decided to make some inquiries. So he sent one of the companions known as worried about the alarm to balloons Philip, and breathe out of the alarm. I'm attached to the province of the law, it was sort of a messenger of Allah, Do I have your permission to say whatever I need to. So he granted him permission. So what I that went to the leader of animal study, who was known as the hardest lobby,
there are now on her it was a leader, he was one who was plotting against Muslims.
so worried that will be a lot of arguments and Hadith. And he was asked by a haritha, Hawaii, she said, I'm one of your people. And I have come
because I have learned that you wish to fight or launch an attack against Muslims. And I also wish to achieve the same.
And I want to gather men and an army against Muslims. So heart said, well, indeed, this is what we are planning. So by deceiving our hearts in this manner, and purporting to be one of the one of their own.
breed that won the confidence of a heart if he acted as a spy. And through this espionage, he gained the details of his plans. He then returned to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and notified him of the plans of study. So Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam decided to launch a preemptive strike against the moose Philip and he
As the companions, and they marched in the in shaba, and in the fifth year of hitch, and on this journey who took along with him on a shuttle the alignments and surname had emerged. According to most narrations, he was only meaning out of the Lanka. According some narrations, one of the why for company to him, almost Cinema of the
prophets of the love, it was sort of March with approximately 700 of the companions. And when they arrived at receive, which is one of their watering wells, where they were camped, the battle to play the battle took place. Muslims
did not lose but one person and a number of the enemy were killed. And then the bat most of them fled. And the reason why they were such few casualties on both sides is that when the province the law, left Medina, and Harris would not be there are the leader of the mu stomach, he and the others because he had been planning and preparing for two whole years after the Battle of art. And he did not just have members of his own tribe, but other smaller tribes had joined him. When they learn that the prophets of the love and income some of them had actually left Medina and marched in their direction. Many of the supporting tribes abandon them, and fled. So he was only going to study a
poor left and been studied, were called by surprise, and they were quite fearful. As a result, when the battle began, many of them fled. And the battle was swiftly over only a number of their
tribe were killed, and the Muslims only suffered one Casualty. So there were very few casualties on both sides. Most of them, the rest were all taken captive. Now after they were taken captive, the it was like I said, it was a tribal society. It was a tribal custom. The, the, the capsules of the enemy, were taken back to the settlement suddenly and habitations of the victors. And they were they were prisoners of war, rather than herding them into camps. The prisoners of war were distributed, and each family or each of us,
a number of the fighters would take the prisoners. And this was the era of custom. It continued with the Muslims, but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave clear instructions as to how these characters were to be treated in the bath, in fact, in the Battle of bud, and when, when the number of the captors were taken back to Medina, what happened?
Prophet Solomon lot riding horses themselves a very small ransom, the people of the British came paid their ransom took the captives away. Those who are unable to pay the ransom, they were offered a number of offers. One of them was to teach the people of Medina those of them who could read and write with teach, that teaching wasn't itself around something came free. Those who are neither
able to pay their ransom, nor did they receive the ransom from their families, nor were they able to offer any services, the prophets of Allah it was some of them gave those Muslims a choice of freeing them, he encouraged him to free them for the sake of Allah. And many of them were those who weren't. We were under clear instructions to treat them fairly, to the extent that they were to be this habit of the alarm would feed them better food than they would feed themselves.
And this is a reason why many of them embrace Islam. So here as well, the capsules were taken.
once the dust of the battle had settled, when the capsules had been taken, one of the capsules was Julia, who was the daughter of the same leader at heart if there are, so she came, she was given over to the responsibility of one of the
one of the heart of the alarm. So she came she agreed with him that if I pay my ransom, will you free me? He agreed. She had no means to pay the ransom. She came to the province to love it.
she was extremely beautiful morning and shuttle the alarm rates and one lady that since she was on that journey, she was in her tent with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and she saw Dwayne iya come. So when she saw her, she realized how
captivating she was her words while she was captivating to the eye. And she said, as soon as I saw her,
I knew that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would see what I could see
We have her
and she broke the law Heidi who Sullivan said to him, or messenger of Allah.
I have come into the share of such and such a person and I've agreed to pay him a ransom. And he would free and emancipate me.
But I have no means to pay that ransom and therefore I've come to you to seek assistance in paying my ransom.
Now, before I continue, I'd also like to mention something else. Some of you may recall, that I've mentioned before the story of Sophia.
Sophia, the Allahu anhu was one of the wives of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam married her in the
seventh year of hedra. After the Battle of haber. She was the daughter of the leader of one of the Jewish tribes of Medina, but on the lead, her father's name was even after
she was married.
she had not been married for long.
One day in her marriage, she saw a dream. And in the dream, she saw the moon fall in her lap.
So she related this to her husband.
So he slept.
And he said, You're dreaming of the king of yesterday.
You're dreaming of the Kingdom of yesterday, yesterday was the name given to Medina before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam called him. So you're dreaming of the king of yesterday.
And according some report, she related the stream to her father also who also hit her.
When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam married her.
He offered to her. Sophie Oh, the alarm rang her. He said to her that
if you wish.
You can go free if you wish. I offer you my hand in marriage Do you accept? So her words were Sofia robiola home and she said or messenger of Allah? If I dreamt of marrying you before Islam, then How about now?
So she married. Now that was the story of Sophia the daughter
in the seventh year of hedger. She dreamt that the move forward in her lap, drearier the daughter of Fibonacci there are according to one eration she, three days before the Battle of Memorial study She dreamt hers was very similar with just one further detail. She dreamt that the moon traveled from the direction of Medina, which she described as yesterday and fell into her lap.
She says, I hope as a result of this dream, I hoped for something but she didn't know exactly what it was.
So when this battle took place, and then she came to the province to love it, who sent them she said the art of sort of live come seek your assistance and paying the ransom Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, should I not offer you something even better? She said WhatsApp Messenger of Allah. He said, that
I teach you as a wife into my marriage.
And I pay the ransom. She said, Of course on messenger of Allah. So he agreed to pay off the ransom. And he took her as alive when the Sahaba of the alarm.
The alarm relates that when the Muslims
heard that the province of the love and even some marriage we leave, all the captives were in the hands of the Muslims, approximately 700 of them
on a shuttle the alarm says, Muslims all released their capitalism said as harder so the law is the law. It was seldom that the people of women will steal it are the in laws of the messengers of the law. It was a lump and they were all released without any ransom. Then a shot of the alarm her continues and says that I do not know of any woman who was a greatest source of blessing and Baraka for all her people than God the daughter had had.
At this time, the Muslims have moved away from the mall study.
From what I see now, now they have started to return to
Madina munawwara what actually they were still counted on what I see. But the battle had taken place and the woman was Philip had fled. So they weren't there only the Muslims along with the capsules were no more AC. And all of this happened. Now as far as her father is concerned, father was a leader of study.
Later, he came to Medina to munawwara. And you can see the profits of the love it he was a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke to him.
encouraged him to embrace Islam as a result. And one of the things he did well, the prophets of the love, it encouraged him to embrace Islam. So he and his sons, the brothers of God out of the love and embraced Islam, and the remainder of the animal study
also embraced Islam. And from that moment onwards, they became one of the leading supporting tribes of the Muslims. And as I said, they even participated in the battle in the conquest of Mecca in the eighth year of Hitler. So this was a background, the this was a phenomenal split, the tribes sub tribe of Hosea, and this campaign is known as both of those who started the campaign. And the campaign of mauricie. And both names boosted it because that was the name of the tribe. And what I see, because that was the name of the actual location where the battle took place. So this is the background. So I'm walking in and shot of the alarm here says that 400 Americans back the mountains
that have a job that I left with the profits, a lot of it was on them, after the job had been revealed, meaning after the laws of hijab had been revealed, and as you know, the laws of hijab weren't introduced in the very beginning of Islam or even in the very beginning of life in Medina after the hedra. But there were stages, gradual stages, and the final seal in the gradual introduction of hijab was when, after the marriage of Xena, Binky, jack should have the alarm on her, when a large reveal the verse of sort of
what are your job to come up out of the Blue Beam? Well, this was one of the stages and in the province of Allah subhanho wa Taala encouraged the believers that if you need if you ask for anything from the lives of the prophets of Allah, it was then do so from behind a hijab. So the marriage of Zayn have been to Joshua Viola and her and her and the river, the revelation of the laws of hijab work before this particular expedition. So that's why the inherent shuttle the alarm her says I went out with a prophet sallallahu it was send them back the mountains and have a job after the job had been revealed, meaning the law of Job had been sent down for an amount of fee, Whoa,
that was a little fee.
And I would be carried in a litter.
I will be bogged down.
in it. Here, she describes how she would actually travel.
After the laws of hijab have been revealed her manner of traveling with the province, the law, it was in a holding edge and a holding edge.
This is an Arabic word. But you find this even in English, because it's very precise. It was a it was a letter, which would be carried by a number of people.
And I'm sure you know what's literary is
that it would be carried by a number of people and the whole image was a certain type of litter, which was covered with drapes and a canopy.
You may have seen pictures of it so
it'll be a lot more emphasized that a special litter would be prepared to me and it would be lowered onto the ground. She would sit inside and it was a enclosed canopy with blankets or veils and drapes. And then the whole little would be lifted by a number of people. So she would sit inside the whole little would be lifted, placed on the camera over a saddle. And that's how she would travel. When she needed to dismount. The whole litter would be brought down by the assistance and place
On the ground, they would disperse and then she would emerge.
This is a very important detail because explains part of what happened later. So she says for what for an optimal fee hold the gym, but ones that are fee and would be carried in a litter and carried on to the common ones that have V and I would, when I would dismount, I would be brought down in the same litter which would be covered under a canopy for still now have that in there for a lot of civil law. It's a law my legal system and the husband the heat.
So we traveled until when a last messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
ended this expedition of his walk often, and he returned IE towards Medina, with the no nominal Medina tea. And we drew close to Medina and the lady from the regime, he made an announcement at night for
the camp to break the veil and for everyone to travel to resume their journey. Now, here on what we mean shall be Allah has not gone into the details of the expedition or some of the other occurrences, especially that's part that I spoke of when I'm delighted Norway eveness at all, attempted to sow discord amongst the Muslims. And what actually happened between him the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the young companions aid of the alarm. So he or she speaks of the continuation of the journey until they arrived to the last halt just before and Medina from one hour. And she then begins that whole section. This is a new section, and it will take some time, so
I'll actually stop here. The lines will be stuck halfway in the middle.
And inshallah next week, I'll detail the
account of Abdullah hypnobabies. First of all, the lead of the hypocrites, and what happened between him and the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam on this journey. his involvement is important because he also explains his involvement in the slander in the calumny against all men in HR or the alarm, which happened later. So at every stage of the journey of the light, nobody even said all the lead of the hypocrites he along with his henchmen made every attempt to cause trouble for the Muslims. And that was, had always been the case. And the reason why I am delighted no weakness at all, was one of the leaders of the tribe, again, a very tribal society, Medina, was occupied by five large
tribes as well as other smaller clans and sub tribes. Three of these tribes with Jewish windowpane aka the lead and bonobos, and two of them were Arabs, and has knowledge.
And ultimately Olson has an edge where related they both came from the same tribe. And two of their ancestors were both brothers and Olson cousins were collectively known as one or beta, but they became rivals bitter rivals eventually. And but they were the dominant force in Medina before the coming over sort of law, some of the law writing some of them so blue plane, aka sorry, aos and hazard edge. And, in fact, this was one of the reasons why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was invited to Medina, because the Arabs also hazards were forever fighting amongst themselves, and even the Jewish tribes were divided. So there were two camps in Medina. One camp consisted of one
one Jewish tribe, and the other camp consisted of two Jewish tribes and one Arab tribe. So whenever the Arabs fought each other, the Jewish tribes would fight against each other, alongside their allies. And this was the situation in Medina. Their war between us and the husband had lasted more than a whole generation. And a whole generation of people had grown up in Medina, knowing only battles, strife and war.
And they were close to annihilating themselves. This was interdesign warfare. So a number of them came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the very beginning, some of the 106 of them came to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
before the hijra, and they spoke to him and offered him the opportunity to come to Medina and serve as an arbitrator as a lead
As someone as a unifying force, otherwise the whole oasis of yathrib which was what it was called before the Prophet, some love it some named Medina before the whole of your thread would perish. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ultimately later accepted the offer. Now,
Abdullah lion or even as a law was one of the leaders of the husband's try,
but he was a very shrewd politician.
As a result, what he would do is in some of the battles, he would remain aloof, he wouldn't actually participate in the battles. So even though he was one of the coverage, he wouldn't participate in all of their battles. As a result, he was regarded as a very shrewd politician,
a mover and shaker and someone extremely influential very widely.
And before the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, some of the people of Medina since they were looking for someone to appoint, who would act as a unifying force. Many of the people of Medina were looking up to Abdullah have not alone to serve as this unifying leader who would unite the warring factions of Medina.
He was extremely insulted. And not only in salted, they felt very indignant and passed over, because some members of his own tribe that way went to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and invited him to come to Medina, six of them went first, the next year more went. And then the third year, a whole number of went approximately 75. And they were the ones who finally gave him there. And he agreed with them that he would come to Medina, but the ones who actually instigated all of this or set this into motion, and who were the most influential in winning the support of Rasulullah sallallahu. So then I'm actually inviting him to Medina, we're members of the Hasidic shrine, so I'm
alive. Nobody even said all this was insults upon upon insult. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did arrive in Medina, and he was then hailed and recognized as the leader. So even though people did not believe in his religion, he was accepted as the ultimate traditional military and political authority in Medina, by all the factions that almost accepted Him. The husband's tribe accepted Him, even the Jewish tribes accepted Him. And that's why we have the documents and the Constitution of Medina that was drawn up between the Muslims and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all of the people this was in fact, one small nation state. All of them have their
rights and their responsibilities and their duties, regardless of their faith. So
I'm delighted, no vagueness at all felt that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had robbed of his leadership and kingship. Otherwise he had dreamt off and aspire to and was well on his way to becoming the uncrowned king of Medina. And this was swept from under his feet, by mother he felt than the prophets and the love it was Sunday. So he had a personal animosity towards a messenger, some alarm, I think, or something. And apart from that, there was a new factor, which is that in Makkah, the Muslims were few in number, they were oppressed, they were suppressed. The week, there were the words one united force, not because of any disarray amongst them, but because they just
came from individual families. They couldn't even offer their prayers in a in congregation, or when they came to Medina, they became a community and a home and a society of their own, as a result of which
they were a bigger threat than they had ever been to anyone in Makkah. So, in Medina, a number of the people, inhabitants from all the tribes, they embraced Islam extensively, and apparently, simply because they wanted their way with the Muslims, but at the same time, they didn't want they they never believed, but because of the new authority and the power and the influence of the Muslims, they decided to join them. There was a large group of them. Well, there was a large group of them. And the leader of the hypocrites was Mum, other than Abdullah ignore even subtle. So he was he did become a lead. But he he became a leader of the monarchy boom, that hypocrites
and he played a prominent role. He would always do this in the Battle of word in the third year of hijra when British attacked Medina,
the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
spoke to the companions and said to them
What should we do? We have learned that the holidays are marching to Medina. So should we remain inside the city and defend our homes from within? Or should we go out and face them in open battle?
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, initially he himself was of the opinion that we should remain within the city, but many of the companions in their passion and in their fervor, they
they said no messenger of Allah, let us go out
and face them in open battle, not remain within the city. And this is what a law refers to in the Quran when he says, what are the manana multiman public and telco a
room that indeed you were hoping and aspiring to death
before you met death, well, here you are. Now you have witnessed that meaning after the Battle of so this verse was after the Battle of the mountain, you have witnessed it, and you stared at death in your face. So some of us have out of the love, even their passion and fervor. They said, Let's go out and face them and open battle.
Abdullah, Abdullah ignore even at all,
never wants to fight himself. He never wanted anyone else to fight. He was secretly hoping that the Muslims would remain in the city and they that they will be overrun by the breach. And therefore, they have to live in obedience of all and his henchmen, and the hypocrites and the rest of Arabia will be relieved of the profits of the law abiding or salon the Muslims once and for all. So he was adamant and he was insisting that no we should remain. The province of the law. It was something for his own reasons was actually of the opinion that we should remain in the city. But this habit of the alarm rang him in their passion and fervor. Some of them said, let us face an open battle.
Eventually, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam accepted the opinion of those who said we should go out and find so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left the center of the city of Medina, the masjid and his home and he marched towards operate, which was regarded as being outside the city or the settlements of Medina, Abdullah hypnobabies all joined him he had to
but Abdullah ignore even assault was in charge of 300 men. So the province the law, it was still in March with 700 Abdullayev nobody even subtle match with 300,000 people in total, or Ah, numbered over 3000. And as I said earlier, they were assisted by others, including bedrooms, stunning, right at the last moment, I'm delighted or even subtle, turned around and told his 300 party, go back to your homes. So right at the last juncture of the love and obedience of all plotted to abandon the Muslims and leave them to that fact. Again, this was very concerning and hurtful to the Muslims, and it reduced the numbers and left the Muslims vulnerable. So no matter how far you go back, whether it
was in the battle, or whether it was on other occasions, including this occasion, Abdullah ignore even the salon lost no opportunity to
hurt and harm and trouble and inconvenience the Muslims. And he had a personal hatred and animosity towards a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So there were political reasons for what he did. But there were also very viable personal reasons why he directly targeted risala some of the law it was some of them that's why we will learn in the heavies later on one okay. When moving in actual the alarm and how was slandered the province of the law, it was sort of stood up and said, who will excuse me, about someone who's hurt has reached me to such an extent that he was a he has even hurt me in my family. And that was until like nobody even civil, he left no stone unturned.
So he had very vile personal reason, and he attacked and hurt the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, even in his family, Mr. Pamela, the Compassionate witness all the laughs and the love it, some of them. But when Abdullah even subtle died, his son came to the province to love it, and said to him, or messenger of Allah pray that love, at least lightens the punishment of my father. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took his mantle his cloak and gave it to his son and said, use this as a shroud for your father
He went to his grave and prayed for him.
And the Lord revealed the verse what are the
that do not pray over any one of them who,
who has died and did not stand over his grave. That verse was particularly revealed about the Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam, when he
prayed and stood over the grave of Abdullah, you know, even civil.
That was his compassion,
no matter what he did. So I'm delighted when obedience played a very important part in this as well as well, but in actuality, a lot doesn't mention the other things that he did. She does mention the role he played in slandering her and instigating this calumny against her. So in Charlotte, I'll speak about the one on the hypocrites, what actually happened on that occasion in the same expedition, and the revelation of sort of a one off and then with that, we will continue with the rest of the headings of I shall do.
I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala enables us to understand some of the laws and the man after he was sued in the Vietnam human society.
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