Social Justice – Episode 35 – The Rights of Those with Disabilities

Omar Suleiman


Channel: Omar Suleiman


File Size: 30.57MB

Episode Notes

In Hadith #35, of the 40 Hadiths on Social Justice Series, Sh. Omar Suleiman describes how the Prophet(s) dealt with those with mental illness, disabilities, and special needs.

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Hey, what's up? We're Manuela. Before we get started, how much can you come him up? Can you? Somebody tapped him and just tell him coming right quick for me?

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I don't think he heard me.

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Not you don't worry. You're good.

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You just tapped the brother tell the brother just took shot? No, I don't think he's uh

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alright. So I'm that we're on Friday, just while we're waiting Ron Hadeeth number 35 now or 36?

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Does anyone know I'm testing you guys obviously

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35 maybe 36. So we're figured out after class. So before we started hamdulillah we we had a brother that accepted Islam, but new to our community. So for the AMA to want to, once again congratulate you on joining our community and accepting essentially just took his Shahada, and that little camera right over there. You've got about 30,000 people watching you right now. So he just say somebody come and I'm your new brother.

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Zach, thank you. That's all I just wanted to welcome him on camera. So all of you that didn't get to witness the Shahada Welcome my brother virtually inshallah, so you can go back to what you're doing and shot love it. Give me a hug before you go.

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On. Thank you. Thank you for joining our community, thank you for blessing our messages to be the place where you took Shahada hamdulillah are very happy to have him right now I can start my Hello. I just wanted to make sure we gave him as much love as possible inshallah from both our community here, as well as our community that tunes in on a weekly basis. All right, um, the last lots of seminars to learn any wasabia Manuela. So we're in the last five, I know that much. I don't know for 35 or 36. And some of you should, should be able to tell me that, but we're in the last five, I know that much. And we're getting into a discussion that's particularly particularly very near and dear

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to my heart. So the topic of special needs. Now, if you've heard me discuss special needs, and we've had many articles about special needs, we've addressed it from many different aspects, we've talked about the reward of taking care of those with special needs.

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But special needs or people with both mental illness or physical disability or special needs, whatever it may be. What How does this play into the role of society? What is society's duty towards people in this regard? And there's really a beautiful Hadith that I just found overwhelmingly beautiful today, but before I get to it, how does this factor into a discussion on social justice? Or how does this factor into a discussion of the duties of society, the obligations of society, towards each and every single one of its members? Well, if you're looking at pre, pre Islamic Arabia, the jolly Arabs, one of the things that they used to do is they associated curses and bad

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omens with people with special needs. So you might notice in some of the Hadith of the Prophet Sly Stone, some of his traditions, his insisting on eating, and drinking with people that had special needs, why because they were looked at as a burden on society. And they were looked at as having some sort of curse associated with them. So people would shy away from sitting with them, they wouldn't be invited to meals. And there was this idea that you had to stay far away, because if you invited them or if you around them, then you might contract some sort of some sort of curse that's been bestowed upon them. This wasn't something that was specifically to the seventh century Arabs.

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In fact, if you read in the philosophy of you know, Plato, I mentioned Aristotle, last week, when we talked about women. What Plato said about those with special needs is that they are a malicious category consists of constituting a burden on society, and a damaging factor to a republic, meaning basically philosophers and many societies spoke of people with special needs as a category that was purely a burden, and that needed to be treated as a burden. And that if a society wanted to be successful, then they had to find a way to dispose of this category in the most efficient way. And I have many different quotes from different philosophers, which I'm not going to go through now we'll

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put them in the notes inshallah tada so if you're following if you're going to the website, there are notes that are taking you know, that are posted every week, under under the the the highlight that you happiness to.org so I'll put the notes of some of the quotes from different philosophers and how they conceived of people with special needs as being a particular burden on society. And again, once it particularly in gently in the time of jelly and the time of the days of ignorance in Arabia. This helps you further appreciate the story of a man like Jude, a B,

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May Allah be pleased with him, who was a companion of the Prophet sly Salaam was particularly ostracized, particularly ostracized, and the Prophet slice Allah His name Julie bead means the one who is deformed. And he was so bullied and ostracized that the prophets lie Selim, frequently called him to the table called him his family we spoke about Jelly Bean when we talked about racism right? Because Jelly Bean was also black do they be didn't have a tribe do they be was deformed Jelly Bean had all sorts of things going against him as far as societal injustice and the profit slice and uncounted him from his family that allowed them to have a mini one, Minho Ola, this one is for me,

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and I am from him. So it helps you appreciate that in a society that would distance people with special needs, on the basis that there was some sort of curse associated with them, the profit slice, and I'm saying he is from me, and I am from him, has a particular element of beauty to it for that reason, right. So it gives you more appreciation when you're reading about a companion that might have been in this situation because of all the stigmas associated with people with special needs. This is not just seventh century Arabia, this exists in many cultures today. All right, that there is some sort of weird notion that if a family has someone with special needs, it's because of

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some sort of curse that's been invoked upon them. And that you know, if you name your child after a child that you know, with special needs, certain things are going to happen to you. These are actually common things to hear, sometimes from pretty educated people, which makes it particularly disturbing. Alright, so certain cultures also assign stigmas to people with special needs. Now, I don't want to focus on what other philosophers have spoken about it, I want to try to address it from a setup perspective, from the profits on a lot of money, who has sold them, how the Prophet peace be upon them taught us to, as a society, treat people with special needs, and how this factors

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into the discussion of social welfare.

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This has melted my heart to be honest with you, it's such a beautiful Hadith because you can see it playing out in front of you to read the scenario and Sahih Muslim that and it's narrated by NSL de la hotel. He says a number of US and Canada actually her she that there was a woman that had some sort of some issue with her with her with her brain so she had some sort of mental issue, some sort of mental illness or mental disability. So, she said to the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam Yasuda Allah she basically shouted at the Prophet slice lm Yasuda la in de la hija that I, I have a need for you. I have something that I want you to do for me. Listen to how the prophets I seldom

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responded to and I'm gonna say it really slow inshallah, because the Arabic gets a little tricky for those that write down the notes. He said, Yeah, I'm a Fulani, also a mother of so and so. So he dignified her. He said to her, only a a second key city, a second city, look to any direction that you need to walk in. Basically, tell me whatever direction you're gonna walk in, or whatever it is that you're about to do. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, What? After the lucky heretic, energetically, he said some Allah honey was sent him walk in any direction that you want to choose any path that you need to go to. So that I can walk with you, until I fulfill whatever need

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it is that you have. Like he completely opens himself up to her. He doesn't dismiss her. He doesn't say about her that you know, someone take care of this woman she's you know, she doesn't know what she's talking about. The prophets lie some stops everything that he's doing and says listen to her own mother of so and so just tell me whatever it is that you're going to do choose any one of the paths, a second key any one of the paths, any one of the directions that you're going to go in, I'm going to walk with you I'm going to go with you until we figure out whatever it is that you need to be figured out and so the Prophet so Anasazi Allah tada and he says that for Helena the barrel

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therapy that he walked with her and some routes in some directions meaning this woman wasn't even you know, she didn't even really have a singular direction she was kind of just walking around which kind of speaks to where she was what her what her mental state was and the prophets lie some walked with her throughout all those different routes throughout all those different paths. For admin, her jetty her until her fellow admin her jetty her until her need was met until whatever it is that she was asking the Prophet slicin was a beautiful site, I want you to think about yourself and Medina, a woman who others would probably ostracize, maybe not even so coherent. says to the prophets lie some

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of them. I need something from you and the prophets lie some stops. Everything says whatever it is that you need. Tell me where you're

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We're gonna go, I'm going to walk with you, I'll do whatever it is that you need. And she just starts taking him around different roads and Medina. Until the prophets lysozyme sees that her needs are met. So there are many things we take from this beyond the beyond justice. And as is the case with many of the ethics and values that we find in Islam. Justice is the minimum but Mercy is the standard. And so the prophets lie some demonstrates compassion as a human being. He demonstrates love, he demonstrates humility as a leader as well, because remember, he is the lead, he's not just one, he's not just a lay person in the mess that he demonstrates humility as a leader, and that as a

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leader, if you plan to be a leader, you need to care for each and every single one of your flock. Right. So the prophets lie some understands that his responsibility as a shepherd, this is a lesson in leadership is not just to those that can offer some sort of benefit as followers, but it's to each and every single member of his flock. So the ruler is obligated, the leader is obligated to care for people with special needs people that are you know, whether it's social, economical, psychological, physical, whatever it may, may be, and to grant the requests, no matter how preoccupied they may be. Now, this is a there's a lesson in this from the Quran as well. Very famous

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story of the love Mattoon. The Prophet peace be upon him, is trying his best to reach the leaders, the elites of Christ, just give them a chance and hear him out on his message. And he's been trying and trying and trying and trying. And they say, listen, we'll talk to you. But you can't have any of these slaves around. You can't have anyone with you know, and again, any of these people that belong to the lowest class, whatever it is, the profits I sent him is talking to them. And you might remember when we talked about that category, the prophets lie some of them refuse to turn away from those lower the lower people lower in quotation marks, but those who are deemed lower in society, he

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refused to stay away from them. And Allah commanded the Prophet slice Allah, to be patient, and persevere, and the company of those blessed people. But in this situation, the Prophet slicin finally has the ears of the elites of grace. And here comes the love No Maktoum, a blind man, very poor, blind man who has no place in society, not by class,

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who has a disability, who belongs to exactly the category of people that these people didn't want to be associated with. And he runs up to the Prophet peace be upon him. And in the middle of the profit slice, I'm speaking to these elites and Quraysh he says, I live Neiman mallamma cola eliminate Miranda McCullough Teach me from what a lot taught you teach me from what a lot taught, you starts interrupting and asking questions because he doesn't. He doesn't perceive what this gathering looks like and what's happening here. And who's present he has no clue what's going on here. And the prophets lie some of us abasa he found not any type of frown. He didn't have puff.

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Tell him to go away. The prophets lie Some are abuses when you move your eyebrows close to each other. So it's like

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that's it and the man can't see him anyway.

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Okay, so it's not like I'm loving him to him saw the profit slice and I'm frown. But the prophets lie Selim moved his eyebrows closer to each other meaning he a very slight frown. And he continued to talk to those elites of Quraysh so a lot revealed others our tawanda and Josh one armor he found and he turned away when the blind man came to him. Well, now you recall Allah Who exactly are we advocate for 10 Farah with Vikram How do you know that it may be that he is coming to you to be spiritually enriched? Or to be reminded? Okay, and then the reminder would surely benefit him. Now, the profit slice um, again, you know, if you're watching this incident take place, you really don't

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think he did anything wrong? Right? It's not a big deal. It's really not a big deal. You found that a blind man and you did not, you know, you didn't tell him to be quiet, you didn't push them to the side. You simply continued to, to do their work, to propagate or to or to speak to those who you know, prior to that incident are not giving you their ear. Alright. But Allah, Allah held the prophets lie some to a higher standard, that that's not befitting to a man of your mercy and a man of your belief, not be fitting to the to the to the one who has likeness and anatomy, no mercy to all the worlds. In other prophets lie some after that incident. Every time he would see the loving

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Maktoum, you would greet him and say, welcome to the one for whom my lord rebuked me. Welcome to the one for whom my lord rebuked me of how a lot like it was on your behalf.

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Have that Allah admonished me, that God admonished me. And the Prophet slice on them did not just take care of him by, by, you know,

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treating him better the Prophet slicin appointed him as a Muslim as a color to the prayer.

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When they made the hits to Medina when they finally migrated to Medina, and the prophets lie, Selim placed him in leadership capacity. So he actually placed all of Medina under his, under his authority when he left Medina, and he has a lot to assume. So he gave Abdullah Maktoum a status as well in society. So the prophets lie some of them, you know, did not, you know, he made it a point to not just get over that situation, but to treat him in a way that he would never feel excluded again. Alright, so the first lesson you get from THAT IS WHAT DO NOT discount do not discount his spirituality or his access? Because a lot mentioned both of those things. Do not discount his

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spirituality or his access. There's this idea well, what's the benefit of if a person like I'm the loved one luck to him is spiritually enriched? What's it going to do? What's it gonna do for the community? Well, we're not we don't work for worldly benefit, we work for the benefit of the hereafter for the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala. So why might you drink Allah, Allah Who is zakka, maybe it may be that he was going to be spiritually elevated through that interaction with you, meaning his task is important. Even if it doesn't appear to be that that person can can can grant any tangible benefit to the community, depending on the severity of the disability, that

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doesn't discount his needs to be spiritually purified as well. And if he needs to be spiritually purified, as well, then acts of worship needs to be accessible to him as well. But as much as there can be Access granted to people of that sort,

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then the better how are the most I mean, I can't tell you this past December with my son, and obviously with Marsan Muslims understanding and helping with special education needs were you know, you might see the the sticker on the door morson certified were marxan certified Masjid, but we got ways to go, we still have to do more. inshallah, tada, we got to hit the the ultimate standard bid the night by the permission of a lot. We've got it the ultimate standard some mosques have. But you know, one of the most meaningful things to me was was seeing

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our special needs Ramadan. So we actually had the first special needs of Ramadan in December, where we had families with those with special needs, bring their, you know, bring their kids bring their loved ones, to Ramadan to the house of a lot in Mecca. Do you imagine you're looking at an elderly couple that that's deaf, and this is their first time, they're elderly, they're an elderly couple, their first time seeing the cab of their first time having someone guide them around, take them around the message of the Prophet, slice them in Medina take them around Mecca, I can't tell you what it's like to look in the eyes of a child with autism and that child with a severe level of

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autism staring at the camera, and you can just tell what's happening to them in those moments, the beauty, the impact of that moment, the power of that moment. We're not we're not the ones to judge who should have who deserves a spiritual high or who deserves spiritual nourishment. I shouldn't even say a spiritual, high spiritual nourishment who deserves access everyone does. It's the house of Allah. If the you know, the prophet SAW some some of the messages, basically movement, the mosque is the house of every believer. Well, that includes a lot of special servants as well. Right. So that includes baits a lot, how long that includes Mecca, the sacred house, there's power, there's

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something special about seeing someone with special needs, enjoying that access, enjoying those moments. And so we have to do better regardless of what the special need is to provide to not discount anyone's spirituality, nor to deny them access. Now contrast that instant without loving the Mattoon and the way the Prophet slicin taught him by the way, or catered to him after that incident, with a very, with a very beautiful narration about a band and then Malik are the Allahu taala. And it's Barnaby Malik was was also a man who was blind from the unsought it's very clear that blindness was very common in those days. Okay. So he was a blind man from the unsought from the

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people of Medina. He said to the Prophet, peace be upon him. Oh how I wish that you are messenger of Allah would come and perform Salah in my house, that I could take it as a place of prayer.

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He just expressed this desire to the Prophet slice I wish you'd come to my house and pray that I could take it as a place of prayer.

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This is the profit slice I'm really have time to honor every community members request to go to their home and pray

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came, he brought a bucket, and he came the next day early in the morning. So after salata, fudges the prophets lie Selim made his way to expandable romantics house. And he asked permission to enter. And without sitting, he immediately entered. And he said, in which part of the house would you like me to pray? Tell me what part of the house you want me to pray in. So it's not even Maddox that I pointed to a particular part of the house. So the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, stood and started praying, and we entered stood and he lined us in a row. And he, and he performed a two hour prayer, ending with teslin. So the prophets I send them

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honors this man's request, who feels like he can't I mean, he obviously can't leave his home because of a situation and circumstances. And he wants to feel that, that he's praying where the Prophet slicin prays praying and the message of the prophets I send them and the prophets lie Selim says, you know, I'll come he immediately responds to his request to go to his house says Where do you want me to pray? Doesn't make doesn't do a drive by salado or you know, or touch the house and say, it's blessed now actually takes takes, you know, shows attention and love and care and attention to detail, where do you want me to stand and pray, lines them up, he prays with them, it is salatu

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salam, and he blesses that home. So do not discount the spirituality, or the access of any individual. The next message to those with special needs is you are poor, you are privileged because God loves you and especially Allah loves you in a special way. And this is established for many different Hadith.

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You know, the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, where the prophets lie Selim said that Allah has said, If I afflict my servant, okay, be happy, but he with his two beloved ones, meaning his eyes, his two dear eyes, and he remains, he remains patient. So a person who suffers from the affliction again, blindness was very common at that time, and he remains patient, I will compensate, I will compensate him for those two eyes with Gianna with paradise.

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There's also the Hadith of the woman who, who had epilepsy.

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he told the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, that sometimes I have seizures, and when I have seizures, I'm exposed. So when I fall wherever my dress falls, whatever it is, that shows something shows that I don't want to show when I have a seizure.

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All right, that's a Kashif. What the extent of that exposure is Allah knows best but somehow I'm exposed and this you know this abas Indian woman who says this to the Prophet, slice Allah. The prophet SAW, Selim says to her, that if you wish, I will make dua to Allah I will invoke Allah and he will cure you. Or if you wish, be patient that I can Jenna and you are guaranteed paradise. You know what she said? He said to the profit slice and I want paradise. But if you could just invoke Allah, that if it happens to me, I'm not uncovered.

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Nothing shows from me. Hello, look at the piety of this woman, to the prophets lie Selim. He made that for her. He invoked Allah for her so you are privileged because you are loved, and especially by Allah subhana wa Tada. You are an asset to the community.

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Not to make people feel like a liability. You're not a liability, that the movie will cost so the A lot of times he you know, this is one of the things that's mentioned that he narrates the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said hello tourists Hakuna were to and so on in libido alpha.

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And this there's actually a let me give the full context of who Christ felt he was more entitled to the Prophet slice Allah than others because he's so close to near to the Prophet slice some of the profits licensor won't even find me amongst. If you want to find me, find me amongst the weak because you are not given victory or aid from Allah except by the way that you treat those who are dumb, downtrodden, and oppressed. You want the help of Allah, look at the way that you treat the weakest of your society. And those who are most oppressed in your society are most neglected and abandoned in your society. So they are an asset to the oma because the way we treat people who have

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special needs Allah subhanaw taala will treat all of us for our spiritual special needs. Okay, and it results in goodness coming to the community at all, you know, as a whole, you know, there are interesting ahaadeeth here so there's one Hadith the Prophet sly sunset, may Allah curse a person who misleads a blind person away from his path. Seems like a very simple sentences a decent, Muslim, authentic it. May Allah curse the one who misguides a person or misleads a blind person away from his past.

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And that speaking to the individual, but it also speaks to the nation as well to a community that a community is cursed by its disregard of those with disabilities, community is abandoned by its disregard for those who are abandoned. So it speaks to the community. So number one, your privilege, number two, you are loved by a lot, and especially your spiritual access.

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And your spiritual purification is just as important as everyone else, you are competence. You are competent, this is a very important one here.

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A lot of times, we assume that if a person has a particular disability, that they that they are fully disabled, and that they they are completely, you know, they're completely irrelevant. And that's, that's one of those, that's one of the reasons why this is so you know, that this regard, is justified in our minds. If a person has one issue than you, you assume you make assumptions about everything else about them. You know, somehow lots, it's amazing that a lot, you know, if you actually sit with someone even who has, you know, a disability that's mental in its nature, sometimes, and you recognize how special they truly are that how much they're comprehending. In

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fact, they might also have a special form of comprehension, this is they have a special form of disability, they might have a special form of comprehension. Or if a person is just you know, is blind, that doesn't make them worthless in society. If a person is deaf, that doesn't make them worthless in society, you assume all of these different things. You know, it's interesting, because I was reading

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some writing from Muhammad Ali, may Allah have mercy on him. One of the things Mohammed it said, he said that people, you know, because he had Parkinson's, and it was very advanced. And he lived a long time with it, that at the end of his life, he actually wrote he said, People assume that my mind is also deteriorated, but it's not. I understand fully and I comprehend fully he wrote this, I, I fully comprehend everything that's happening around there, I fully understand what people speak, you know, we're speaking to him in a very slow way, making assumptions about about where he you know, what his cognitive function was, he's like, the Parkinson's didn't affect my brain. But people

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don't understand that because it affected his speech, and it affected his body movements. But when you saw him elderly and moving in that way, he's still that same sharp man, that he was, you know, when he was when he was boasting to the cameras, and when he was challenging the US government on its on its war policy, he's still the same man. He's like, people make assumptions about me. And that's a problem. And this is something that the prophets lie, some of them made it a point, you know, or pointed out and showed through direct action that if a person was disabled in one way that does not make them disabled.

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They still have something to offer, they're still competent. And sometimes you need to actually, you know, a person themselves, a person might actually beat themselves up to a point where they start to internalize how the community disregards them and start to find themselves as being irrelevant to a community. It's really interesting because

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you know, overridable, the Allahu taala animal. he narrates this and there's another narration that mentions I'm the laburnum Mattoon that a blind man said to the Prophet peace be upon him

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you know, Yama, sola, do I have a concession? Do I need to pray in the mosque? Do I need to pray in the masjid? Do I have a concession to not pray in the masjid? Now? It's abandonment. Malik the Prophet Oisin went to his house and prayed and blessed his home, if you will, gave him a place to pray. All right, in that sense, but in this situation, could be that the prophets lie Selim understood something from the nature of that question. The prophets lie Selim gave him the concession, meaning the ruling is established. Right? You gave him the concession. Then the prophets lie Selim said to him,

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held testament has held testimony that is solid, do you hear the call to prayer?

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That the man said yes, the prophet slice alum gently said fed up. So you should try to respond, you should respond to the call to prayer. And there are many different things we could take from that. But you know, look, you're still a member, a full participant in the community. And you'll be rewarded for that extra struggle, so the concession is there. But if you can answer the call to prayer, and again, I'm the laburnum look to him, was not just answering the call to prayer, the Prophet slicin appointed him to call the prayer. Alright, so everyone else. The next one is that you are not disadvantaged or ineligible for the same rewards as everyone else. So you are not

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disadvantaged or ineligible. As AWS habits are the law and we narrates that when, when the verse was revealed about doing those who would stay those who stayed behind in battle,

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and you know, that made excuses to stay behind as the battles rage.

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The prophets lie Selim when that happened, guess who came forth of the laburnum macoun. He came forward and he said,

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To the prophets license O Messenger of Allah I was capable I certainly would have, I would have gone forward but I'm not capable. And this is where the ayah this is I am number 95 by the way of swithun, Isa, Allah subhana wa tada mentioned except for those who have a disability so they are not punished, they are not amongst those that are in you know, they're not ineligible for the reward. In fact, they're fully reward and rewarded. And despite the love No Maktoum being specifically exempted here, because the verse came down for him. So how much gold on came down for this man right? Obviously came down for him that monitoring the profit slice and then I'll reveal the verse to

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excuse him. And people that were like him in that condition. He couldn't stop himself from participating in battles. So he actually went forth in battle. And, and he was martyred, actually in battle. So he insisted, even though a lot specifically exempted him, he insisted, and, and so however, the way he was found very powerful, he was actually found on the battlefield, grasping the banner. So he was holding the banner and he was found grasping the banner, when he was when he was in the battlefield, may Allah be pleased with him, and unite us with him. Allah what a human being what an individual,

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you know, in the sight of God. There's also a man by the name of America more for the love of Thailand who I'm going to do more.

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Also, he wanted to, you know, he, he had a, you know, he had an issue with his leg, he had difficulty walking.

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He, you know, he wanted to come out in battle when the Muslims, you know, this is, in particular, they're trying to massacre the Muslims. So he wants to come fight alongside the Prophet slice Allah, and his sons tell him, you don't have to stay behind. And he, he makes his way to the battlefield, barely walking. And he says that I want to step into paradise with this crippled leg of mine.

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I want to step into paradise with this crippled leg of mine. The prophets lie Selim said to him, Allah has excused you, you're not obligated, you don't need to engage in battle, Allah has excused you. And he said, You know, he started, he started to say, Do not hold him back, perhaps a lot will grant him, you know, Shahada, he goes forward. And he passes. You know, he's also killed in the Battle of it. You know, what the prophets lie, some said, he saw his body and the prophets lie, some cried. And he said, it's as if I can see you. Yeah, um, it's as if I can see you walking with that leg of yours and hearing it in general.

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I can see it happening. Pamela, this is a very difficult thing for a lot of people. And sometimes we're not very considerate of it. But a person who gets to an age and for whatever reason, they're not able to fast anymore. Allow will give them the full reward of that they shouldn't be made to feel guilty people should not be made to, you know, to feel like they're missing out on rewards. And it's important to reassure people that you have the full reward a lot as excused you. So you are not disadvantaged, you're not in that ineligible. Allah knows what you would have done, had you been fully healthy, and that's why we don't burden we don't burden people. So if a person has difficulty,

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a serious difficulty praying when they're standing up, and this is by the way,

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how ahaadeeth in its literal, in its literal sense can be, I don't wanna say misleading can be misread. Okay? Because these are misleading. misrach prophets lie Selim said, Whoever amongst you can pray standing up should do it should do so. And if you can't pray standing up, then you pray sitting down. And if you can't pray sitting down, you pray laying down. And another narration, the Prophet slicin um, said that praying, sitting down is half of the reward of praying, standing up and then praying, laying down is half of the reward of praying sitting down.

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But there's a very important difference between the two heads. And the first had the the profit slice on is talking about a person who's incapable of praying standing up. So when the person who physically cannot pray standing up prays sitting down, there is no decrease in their reward whatsoever. And when a person who prays laying down, they can't pray sitting up, there is no decrease in their reward whatsoever. You know, one of the most touching things that I that I saw somehow is a brother who was paralyzed from nose down, he lived about nine or 10 days and I remember visiting him in the hospital, he was conscious and all he could do was move his eyes is the first

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time I actually instructed someone on how to pray with their eyes. And he assured me that he was praying with his eyes.

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And Subhanallah You know, he, you know, there was this thing to communicate with him using his eyes. He was actually conscious of the time he was trying to pray, his five prayers with his eyes and his last week or so of life. Right? That Hadees means that a person who prays in those situations, they could even be more rewarded than the person still I mean to me, Allah knows

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But but we have a lord a sustainer, that is very merciful and compassionate. I can only imagine how Allah saw his servant in those moments, right? Even making that attempt to make sure that they're doing their five prayers with their eyes. So what's the other Hadees mean? The other Hadeeth is referring to the no fluff and the voluntary prayers, that a person who's fully healthy, if you pray your family, and you pray your 200, your night prayers, and you sit down, then it's half the reward. All right. So it's not that it's not a person who cannot pray standing up, but it's talking about a person who chooses to sit down in regards to a voluntary prayer. So we should never guilt someone,

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or make someone feel like they're disadvantaged. Or that they are, you know, a burden of any sorts of handler we already mentioned, they're an asset to our community, is the way you treat them a lot treats you or that they're being left behind, in any in any way, spiritually, or emotionally. There's some 50 things I mentioned here, 50, meaning issues in jurisprudence, you know, Allah has absolved, for example, those who are blind from the duties that necessitate eyesight. So these are simple,

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simple, you know, rules that we have principles we haven't felt in Islamic jurisprudence. Allah has excused the sick from the duties that are difficult for them when they are sick, such as fasting.

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Allah has, you know, excused every person with specific conditions, from obligations are from actions that would, that would perpetuate that illness or that condition. That's the way that we find the way we find the default in our, in our Islamic jurisprudence. And that's why the prophets lie, Selim, he made it very clear that, that a person who is mentally incapable of fulfilling the obligations, the pen is lifted from them, meaning the pen does not write any sense for them, does not write any neglect on their part. If they are not in the capacity to be able to mentally grasp their obligations, the obligations are not written on them. And that can give a lot of comfort to

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many people

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that are caretakers for those that might be in that situation, as well. The scholars mentioned that, you know, not only has a lot absolve them, but Allah has absolved the caretakers as well. So for example, and hedge, those who need to leave, you know, it's not just those that have disabilities that can leave mazetti for early, but those who are taking care of them can leave one study for early as well. Those who need to stay home while they're sick. Those who must miss Juma because of some sort of disability, those who,

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you know, those who need to take care of them are also absolved from their obligations and their duties in that situation. And, you know, that also means that the prophets license did not just extend that to his own community. Really interesting Hadith that

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there was one of them went up and one of the hypocrites who was blind and the Prophet slicin was walking on his way to hurt. So they're proceeding to battle, they're very tense, because again, I heard is,

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you know, the people have come from Mecca to Medina to massacre the Muslims. People are very tense, they're on their nerves. They've already had some people turn away. And this man who is who's who's blind, picks up some dirt and throws it at the profit slice on them. And, you know, he said, If I was certain that none would be none, but you would be affected by it, I throw it at you. So meaning, you know, I would I would keep throwing dirt on you and trying to hit you by new eye if I knew how to aim and make sure that I hit you properly. Now, some of the companions wanted to punish this man. They're like, how could this person you know, he's a hypocrite? What's he doing? The prophets lie.

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Some said leave them alone, simply proceeded, right? Why why hurt the men in this situation? So that courtesy is not just extended to your own, but it's also extended to those people that are that are also harming you as well. You need to be more kind and more forgiving and courteous with those that even might be harming you. A few other notes. You know, there's a narration and a beta key from hustler Mohammed, he said I entered upon Abizaid al Ansari, and he called out the event and the akarma while he was sitting, we walked in the desert, he called out the event of the karma while he was sitting, and he said a man, you know, advanced and let us in prayer. And that man was laying

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whose leg was hit in the cause of Allah. So just kind of giving you the the idea of what the community looks like at that time.

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From a history perspective, and this is what I'll end on three different notes. Number one, the prophet sly centum eliminated attitudes towards people on the basis of race on the basis as we mentioned last week of gender on the basis of a special need, he eliminated negative attitudes towards those people to where certain people could

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rise in the ranks. And those things that previously would have been limiting

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might have even been an embellishment. So our thought was the first Mufti of Mecca apartment or veto bar. He was blind, he was parallel. He was paralyzed waist down. He was he was black. So the racism, you know, did not stop that from the men rising in ranks. And he's the first Mufti of Mecca special needs, and he was blocked. So it's the change of attitude to some of the things that would have been limiting in the past. What did this lead to in terms of care? special care? How did the earliest generations of Muslims internalize some of these ahaadeeth these narrations about the Prophet sallallahu wasallam Omar bin Abdulaziz Rahim Allah instructed his governors when he became the

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halifa. When he became the Caliph, he instructed his governors from each province to send him the names of those who are blind, of those who are crippled, and of those who were to chronically ill, to pray and congregation. And then he ordered when he got the names, he's the K lift when he's the halifa. He sent an order to assign an assistant to each one of those people to look after them. And

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basically, and then he also assigned that every two people be attended by a servant, so an assistant as well as a servant to just make sure that they were taken care of. And this is narrated by Mr. Josie Rahim, Allah, Allah, unbelievable. Abdul Malik, as the first person that we see, since very early on, we're talking about only within a century of the prophets lysosomes passing, he established care centers for people with special needs. He fixed stipends, for particular doctors and caretakers to take care of them. And he allocated a special allowance for people with special needs, and sent assistance to those who had any form of disability, or any type of affliction that

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would prevent them from coming to the congregation. So the service is the idea of actually translating this into services on the part of states

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very early on, permeated Islamic culture, and the social and political realm. And this was revolutionary for seventh century Arabia and just in regards to how people would with disabilities and special needs are viewed within a community what perception you might have within them. And finally, when a person is ill, they are attended by the angels the prophets lie Selim mentioned that when you when you go to visit someone who is ill you are accompanied by 70,000 angels, and when you return, they stay with you all the way until you attend to that person even when you leave, they are still with you. 70,000 angels accompany a person, a person who is ill is always surrounded by the

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angels by the melodica. So if you want to bring angels into your house or appreciate them Annika in your house, if you want to have angels in your community, he wants to have angels in your presence, then this is what you do. This is what you dedicate yourself to. And Allah subhana wa tada place us at the service of those who give us a service who we are more in need of than anyone else, and I want to recommend to everyone morson.org muhn.org inshallah we actually have our banquet. If any of you are in the DC area, we'll be having our banquet from arson this coming weekend inshallah this coming Saturday and you can find more information on that. I hope you'll donate to it and I hope

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inshallah you'll help sisters and

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brothers and even whoever else is working on Marsan getting our mustard to the best situation in regards to our Morrison certification. Is that one little height on questions