Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
To download more lectures, learn more about our project and to help support it, visit www.bayona.com slash dream. That's ba y, y i and H slash dream, you are free to share these recordings with family and friends. Thank you and Xochimilco hydron for helping us make our dream a reality
show for Jean Smith Hello.
Never enough we
can say on the moon
alameen wa sallahu wa salam Allah say the
minister and he
Allah masala mean home
inshallah tada the intent of this series of gurus is to cover as much of karma as possible. My intention for picking this particular section of the Quran is because it's the most commonly memorized and most commonly recited portion of the Quran. And so it's probably most beneficial and most relevant to the average Muslim child left on just a few things in the introduction as to how we're going to be going about this, this is
really what I would recommend for anybody who's listening inshallah, to the recordings and also you guys that are attending live is that you steady a to see on your own as a compliment to this at least one to see it at the very least, I would recommend going through the CW QA team rocklahoma at least that much, because that's available in English as much as you can do on your own in terms of the readings as possible. And then inshallah Tada, what we're going to be sharing here is something a little bit that complements what's already been read and what's already been researched or available to you and easily. One of the fundamental purposes of this series is to illustrate how the
Quran or every suit of the Quran is a cohesive argument, how It's you It's unified, and its subject matter is presented in a coherent fashion. So inshallah Tada. Because this is one of the aspects of tissue that gets overlooked, in that when you are studying the deceit of one ayah, and every word or every little grammatical nuance, and you go so far in depth into it, which is great. What ends up happening is you lose sight of the bigger picture, how is everything connected? How is this part of one discourse, because you understand that this was originally recited without any decision, this was recited to an audience and there was no explanation, they were just hearing the words one after
another, and they were processing this stuff. And first and foremost, we understand that mechanical art in particular, was being recited to predominantly a not believing audience. So you know, for believers, at least afterwards, they can stop at every idea and ask questions from the people of knowledge and learn more and more about the ayat. But first and foremost, mechanical on and, you know, just as a great example of a good selection of mechanical on
is a discourse that is almost a message being delivered to non believers. So it's a clear discourse in and of itself. So we're going to try to explore some of the clarity of thought, and the organization of ideas that are presented in each and every solar, just a few introductory comments about solar.
In general, one of the most common, I think, in one model, or them in my opinion, the MIS translations of surah is chapter that a surah is typically called a chapter of the Quran. You know, a chapter is basically one fundamental lesson. Okay, a chapter is trying to teach you one fundamental lesson one central idea. A pseudo however, can have many, many, many ideas, a pseudo closer in academic terms, the closest thing to a pseudo you could probably have as a course of study. So every surah is almost, you know, an independent study in and of itself, even though each of these studies are connected to other studies in the Quran. So for example, so tillbaka is
connected to sort of Allah and Ron and so on and so forth. They are kept their interrelationships. But a surah of itself isn't really a chapter for many reasons. One of which was that its covers more than one topic, and it's it's diverse in its topics. The second reason is that a chapter has a chronological or numerical kind of sequence. So you have chapter one to chapter two and chapter three in chapter four. And if you learn something in chapter four, you don't have to repeat it in chapter five. And if there's a need to repeat it, the author will say go refer back to chapter four. He's not going to write it over again in chapter five, but in Curatola repeats things a lot, right?
It's not like he
chapter in a book, it's entirely different. Another reason we call it an independent entity is that in the Quran, for example, in sort of note, Allah calls the surah Kitab, he calls a surah book in and of itself. So he gives it a term that is used for an independent entity also. So for these few reasons, and finally, for a linguistic reason, the word surah literally, it comes from the outer walls of the city.
And you know, if you if you can visualize in ancient cities, they would didn't have borders or signs on the highway that said, welcome to this city. Rather, it was these outer walls that you had to go through this was their security means, right. And inside the city, there's a lot going on, there's there's there's, you know, commerce taking place, there's residential areas, there's military, there's government, there's all these different things are happening. But somehow they're all connected and make one city. So that's kind of like what a surah is, there's a lot going on inside the surah. But somehow, it's all organized and connected and formed a unified whole. So in general,
these are the few things we're going to explore two other things that we're going to try to highlight that are not as well documented in English literature, at least. One is the relationship of the beginning of a surah with the end of the surah. And this is a consistent feature of the Hurrah that every soldier, somehow what it begins with, is somehow connected to what it ends with. There's a big there's a cohesion between the beginning and the end of the surah. So the theme of it saw the beginning the openers of the source and the how it also there is a cohesion between the last thing you will read about in the previous surah. And the first thing you will read about in the next
surah. So there's a link between the conclusion of one surah to the introduction to from the introduction to the next. And like we said we're beginning with with just a comma.
So now we're just ama and sort of never being the 78th, sort of the Quran, the surah before it is sort of more solid. So number 77 and a surah number 77. We found two groups in the tokina, feeble, feeble and in volume and number 41 that people have thought have been mentioned. And we will find in Joe's ama also towards the conclusion we'll find the mention of the people of tequila again, also insolent almost a lot the people that are referred to over and over again, the fundamental theme of salt. And most of that this was before his way doing yoga is a little mocha dB, and this is the oft repeated ayah of little masala in which the animoca Db are being highlighted. These are the people
who deliberately lie against the truth. They don't just lie, they lie against the people who speak the truth. So they accused them of wrong and they try to basically nullify their or invalidate their character and things like this. So they're falsifying their propagators of falsehood. These are the McKenzie bean. Now surah never begins with the phrase alone. It begins with this common phrase that is very famous and commonly transmitted regarding what are they asking one another is a common easy, simple translation.
So let's talk a little bit about the SAT also we understand the connection between surah number 77 This will have that came before and its conclusions with what is coming now.
Here we have a large origin speaking about, you know, Allah commenting on a discussion taking place between disbelievers. There are three opinions about the word, the seal of the word yet First of all, its basic meaning yes or no Baba Baba, what that means is yet Assad who means they're asking one another, some of them are asking others. What opinion is this is a depiction of believers being asked by disbelievers. That's one opinion. Another opinion is this is a discourse that is taking place between the disbelievers. They're, they're asking among each other. And a third position is that both the believers and the disbelievers are asking the Messenger of Allah sallallahu. The logic
position, the closest to true position and the one that supported it, the text and also the other evidences is the one that this is a discussion taking place of the kuffar among themselves. Okay, this is a discussion or they're asking one another, each other among each other. But the thing is, we have to understand in language, when you mutually ask a question to one another, when you're discussing something, it can be done for one of two reasons, it can be done because you're curious, you don't know. And you're asking somebody and they're asking somebody else, and this is what's happening, right? So it's sort of an inquisitive intent. Another intent for asking one another is
actually to undermine or to wage sarcasm at someone else. For example, if you just picture the scenario, the Messenger of a loss of a lover it presents these you know, these phenomenal truths about the afterlife, right is huge things are gonna happen, the oceans are gonna boil over over the dead are going to come back to life, these huge things he's talking about, and as a means of undermining or making him look like he's insane. They say, you know, do you know what he's talking about? No, do you know what he's talking about? And they're kind of talking to each other. And this is
Means of insulting him. Right? So the previous surah talked about those who do technique where you learn to look at the mean. And one of the most effective ways of doing technique is to, to mock or to undermine the statements of the other by means of sarcastic questions among yourselves. So this is what they were doing. They were saying, Come on, really, we're gonna come back to life. Is that is that what he's releasing? Or he was saying that the, the mountains are going to sail away, or they're going to turn into carded wool? Or he's talking about us coming out of our graves, like, you know, like locusts? What's he talking about? You know, so that this tone of undermining that we even
know in language today, this is the tone that they were using. Now understand and appreciate this. The one responding to this in sort of number is a lot. A lie is basically listening to their conversation. So there's a third party here is the messenger is obviously a listener, a party to this conversation, the believers who are making Dawa are hearing this sarcastic conversation. But from the very beginning, we learn there's a third party that is also listening to this discourse, it is a larger budget, and now allies, depicting his reaction to their conversation. So what we learned in the beginning of this surah is Allah has taken offense to their their sarcasm, Allah has taken
offense to the way they speak about the so Allah says, Ahmed Hassan, now the you know, just to, to add some context to what kinds of questions they're adding, because they've been asked to lower the Quran, either could not a llama inala una caja de de when we have been reduced to bones and decayed dust, you know, and when we just withered away in our graves, we're going to be raised again a new creation altogether. These are the kinds of questions they were asking when a buyer's agent said at a shop. Right on the Hellfire, there are 19 guardians of the angels 19 have been appointed, one of them got up and said, well, they're just 19 I can take on that many. I can handle that much. It
shouldn't be that big of a deal. So these are the kinds of criticisms and questions they were poking at the messenger.
Which is why I would say, you know, nowadays, a lot of times youth they fall into these, you know, missionary websites are comments under some Dawa lecture by some atheist or by some agnostic YouTube, this writing some really blasphemous stuff. It's nothing new. They were saying this in the face of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Anyhow, so Allah responds.
And this is a continuation of the question. Are they really asking about another Darlene? And never in Arabic means news. But there's another word in Arabic for news, which is color. So there are two words now there's number and there's hot. What's the difference between number and Hubbard? First of all, a number will album meaning number is a greater kind of news, it's a more important news. That's one difference between Nova and Hubble. So you don't use never for anything. Like if you know, the store closes at 10 o'clock, that maybe it's not never, but you know, somebody won the election, or there's a war that started or something huge happened, that would be considered now and
that's how it's using the Hubble, by the way, is using the Quran twice, both times for the same context. When Musa alayhis salam is coming or is with his family in the desert, and it's dark, and he sees a light from the distance, he tells them, maybe I'll get some hover from there. Okay, I think can be hovering, maybe I'll bring you some kind of news, he doesn't know what the news is gonna be. Maybe you'll they'll have some beneficial information. He's not sure. So he uses the word. But when Allah speaks of nations that are destroyed in the past, Allah speaks of unbabel that can be used as he would never let the NACA follow the news of those who came before but huge events. So
this is the first difference between an event. The second thing is not necessarily has a benefit. it necessarily is a news information that has some benefit for the person receiving it. Also, it demands a reaction and demands and action. It's not just something you could say, Oh, that's nice. And you said there is something when you hear it demands that you change something about yourself, like nobody would be there's a fire in the building. Right? Now. What is it demand from you, I gotta get out of here, or I got to tell other people there's a fire, right. So this is another difference between number and hover And finally, number has food in it as a linguist argue, what that means is
that it's a manifest event. You know, they're there kinds of there's abstract, abstract ideas and actual physical material events. Never is a material event, something physical, something tangible, something you can see and touch. That's what it is. So when the law speaks of the next life and resurrection as he's referring to its tangible nature. You know, there are other religions who feel that the afterlife is some kind of a spiritual, intangible kind of thing. But even by the use of the word never we know it is real, it's physical. And it's not a state of mind. It's actually a state it's a place that these the agenda in our actual places. They're not just you know, figments of the
imagination or places in our mind. Anyhow, so this is an alim, are they really asking about this enormous number is enormous in and of itself, but a lot as I lean to it as an adjective, as a CFO to it
Is it true that they're actually asking one another in this sarcastic tone about that enormous event about an enormous news that is supposed to bring lead them to some kind of action. And yet, instead of leading it to leading them to action is leading them to make this kind of ridicule, as far as this news? And then as another rhetorical question, all of this is a rhetorical question. So far, I left the home field of study for the LSAT actually is, is called a subsidy. Okay, it's a muscle rather. And hopefully he will study food and grammar is called skeletal muscle. All of this is an adjective of another. So the next item number three, is actually the whole idea is an adjective of
the word, and the first adjective is allowed. And the second adjective is alive even for him. And of course, transition is that which they are themselves in disagreement, in, or with, okay, they're among themselves, they are in disagreement in regards to this news. But the way the AI is structured, is in the Izmir form in the nominal form. The benefit this has is what this tells us is, this is something they're doing all the time, that this disagreement that they have among each other. A lot of them for example, didn't say under the telephone, he said a VoIP, telephony is imperative is used. And the noun usage indicates something that's going on constantly, like a noun
is permanent, and a verb is temporary. Then the word fee this prepositional phrase is been positioned in between home and mostly phone instead of a missing Alina homophily hula fee, which is normally in Arabic. Allah says, you know, home fee hemo telephone. And what this produces is a shock isn't really about that, that they are disagreeing among themselves. Now the word is to
move forward and shallow Tara, is it really about this tremendous news that they are disagreeing among themselves in the word Athena indicates two things, it indicates a manifest disagreement, meaning they're actually physically disagreeing among each other. What
are they being sarcastic about? They all have their own theories to some of them had the idea, okay, we're nobody, we're not gonna come back. Some of them have the idea, we're all gonna go to heaven. Some of them had the idea. Well, Ally's created so many huge things that heavens, the earth, so many, you know, stars in the heavens, etc, etc. How is he going to be busy with every little thing I did every single day, who's gonna keep track of all that, it's not going to be like that he's gonna let us go, it's gonna let he's gonna let things slide. Some of them had the idea. But no, we believe that you know, that Allah has daughters that are the angels, they're going to take care of us,
they'll put in a good word for us. So even though we've messed up, we'll be Alright, we're not going to be in this kind of trouble that he's talking about. Yeah, he'll be mad at some people who didn't have the intermediaries, the people to put in a good word for him. You know, this idea even existed in life, that doesn't stem from just from religion, from life in general, like, you know, if you have if you're not a good employee, but you're good friends with the manager. And then you're hoping that the manager will keep your keep you hired, even if the boss is complaining, because you're good with the manager, you don't have to deal with the boss who's gonna deal with the guy in the middle,
right? That's the idea. That's the mentality, I don't have to face the consequences of my actions, somebody else will deal with it for me, because I know something, I got connections higher up. That's the idea, right? And that's really the basis of [???]. It's a lack of responsibility. You don't want to be responsible for your own actions, you put an intermediary in between, that's really the psychology of anyhow. So they have this these different kinds of opinions about themselves. But if the left also means to have a discord, or friction within one's own self, what this implies is not only did they disagree with each other, but then within themselves, there was uncertainty or
disagreement. Sometimes they will think this, sometimes they will think that they're not so sure. It's not like adamant about No, no, no, for sure, there's no afterlife, or for sure we're gonna be saved. They're not sure either. They're not sure. So even within themselves, there's a disagreement that is taking place. And that's what depicts with these words, then he says can say on the moon,
or the moon, this has been repeated. And oftentimes, it's argued that this repetition takes place only for the purpose of mobile law, which in English is called hyperbole. To emphasize something, you know, the old English translation of the moon, and the moon is Nay, they're going to soon find out name, then again, ne they will soon find out this is how it's commonly calculated. Let's first explore the word Canada and then we'll talk about the repetition, Canada, you know, according to CBO way and some other grammarians have mostly from bussola. They believe that this has to do with the word rather or stop, meaning whatever you're talking about stop, you're going to find out very soon
as you put it in that context, right, they're running their mouth and all of a sudden Alexa stop, you're going to find out very soon so that's one opinion on
another opinion which is stronger actually from the language point of view is depends on where Canada is used. If you say color, and you pause, and then you say Say Allah mood, it means something. But if you say color, say and the moon together, then it means something else. Now if you say color and you pause, and then
To say, these Romanians argue in these if it is, yeah, it is allowed that you stop at Canada and then you say on the moon to produce that meaning Stop, Stop your nonsense stop this ridiculous argument. All of you be quiet nonsense. And then you're soon about to find out say animal, though they're about to find out about it. But on the other hand, if you continue and you don't stop, which is what the text of the eye is, there's no one. Generally on the mind, there's no walk in the eye, then the meaning of Canada is associated with healthcare. Truly, you're going to find out like in English, we say in English usage, we say something like, Oh, no, man, I'm going to be in real
trouble. You know, what does that mean? It doesn't mean Oh, no, man, it means really, I'm going to be in trouble. But you're using no in a way to emphasize or to type verbalize your statement. Okay? No, for real, you know, so you use the word No, but you don't really mean No, you mean actually really certain? That's how it's used in classical Arabic also. So here, Canada? No, the reality No, no, the reality is soon they're going to find out from McCullough said no, no, no. Again, the reality is very soon, they're going to find out the site is short for sofa. And it implies that whatever's coming is very close. And allow make sure that we understand that is close by the scene
here. And at the end of this surah, inna and Robin Karima, we're warning you of a punishment that is close. So close here with the scene and close this at the end with the word creep itself manifest now. So let's talk now about the repetition of the word say, or the mood or the
second lesson. One argument once again, is that this is the cloud, little MOBA, this repetition to hyperbolized to illustrate a less anger with them, that they're gonna find out, they're gonna find out now this is the way we speak Also, I'm going to get you man, I'm gonna get you, you say twice when you really angry, okay? Or if you're really in a tense situation, you don't just say Wait, you say Wait, wait, right, you say twice. So the idea in language generally, and also in classical Arabic, when you repeat something twice, it illustrates anger, or tension or friction or something like that. So that's one opinion. The other opinion which actually a lot of them have assumed would
have taken and seems more appropriate here is consistent with the arguments in the rest of Quran.
As far as the Quran is concerned, warnings are concerned, they're basically the warnings are of two events. Two things one is resurrection, the day of judgment that of all events surrounding resurrection. And the second is the Hellfire, one leading to the other, but the two predominant warnings are resurrection and piano. And then enough so there's a lot of description in the Quran of Resurrection Day. And there's a lot of description for hellfire. So it is believed that the first one you're really going to find out. That first one is referring to piano, and the second one is referring to hellfire. So first, you're gonna realize how wrong you were and how noxious you were in
the way you were talking about the the first time you will realize this, truly realize this when you face piano. And the second time when you face the Hellfire, these are the two places where you really get to know. Right, so now, this is again, the seed of why there is repetition between these two things. The final comment on the moon and the moon also, there is an axiom, men matter, comet chiamato, whoever dies, well, his piano has already started. Whoever dies, his piano has already begun for him, he doesn't have to wait until all the signs of the hour are done. And the generations have passed and the sunrises from the from the west, etc. He doesn't have to wait for all that his
his case is done. He's already seen what's coming. Like example, it'll be a lot harder for us to say. And so in the end, you know, the people are sleeping, the people are sleeping and when they die this is when they wake up. Right? So this in that sense, yes, immediately when the person dies, they'll really find out the consequences of the worse they were. Now, this by the way was the first passage of this soda
saloon and in a Aleem in the telephone condesa Allah moon from McCullough say on the moon, before we go on to understand one thing about the style of the Quran, one of the elements of onyx studies,
which is Quranic rhyme scheme, right? You have a meta saloon. And in a Levine this kind of breaks the rhyme scheme a little bit, and then even telefoon condesa, the moon, so makanda everything seemed to rhyme except one ayah, which was another image of him. And if you study the grammar of the ayah, you'll find that that I connected to the next is actually one sentence. And he never allow the mean lady whom fee money food is one text. And to illustrate that that text isn't complete in and of itself. Even phonetically it breaks and breaks allow them is a break. It's a departure from the rest of the continuation of the text. So now, you know, one of the remarkable features of the compiler in
many, many, many cases is that the rhyme scheme actually tells you where a paragraph ends or begins. Now notice
Illa de Bella de vos telefoon, Candace, a moon from McCullough say hello, now look at the next few, just listen to
me had welgevonden
you notice a new rhyme scheme, right, and you will notice as we studied the subject matter, it is a different subject altogether. It is connected to this, but it's a different matter, and it will be tied back together again. Now, again, because we're trying to study and appreciate the Soa, and how it's a cohesive whole in a cohesive argument, you need to understand this in this transition to another subject, which seems almost unrelated. For example, we had an easy translation, did we not turn the end the earth? Did we not make the earth into a plane, a smooth plane for you? We had actually comes another word related with me, how does that matter, and that is the cradle. Or even
the womb of the mother, okay, or the cradle in which the child is comfortable? Allah says, didn't we make the earth a place where you may be comfortable. Also, mahad is used in classical Arabic for a bed. So it's a place where you rest this is the place where you where you where you find peace, where you find tranquility, right? Unless someone talks about his favors now, and as you will continue will see less favors and his creations being talked about. But what does that have to do with resurrection? What does that have to do with their criticism? You see, they're by and large, their criticism was the things you're talking about this life after death, the sun and moon
colliding together, the earth cracking open and the earth spilling out whatever the
SCADA all these big things you're talking about, they sound too monumental. Nobody's ever seen anything like that happening. And what kind of God is is capable of all of these things. Now, human beings are very aware of what things they are they themselves are capable of. Right? We're capable of making a bed for ourselves, we're capable of maybe building a house for ourselves, etc, etc. Now, you will find a discussion of how Allah has capability in your own visual experience, how it surpasses your own. So this is actually a comparison of one's own works, one's manufactured works in comparison to some of the creations of a lot. Look at what you're able to make for yourself and
compare that to the entire creation of the earth. And
then we're able to construct monuments and structures and things like this. Or we're able to pitch tents, literally the pitch tent and the old times you pitch tents, Allah says, well, Shiva Asada. And you know, there's a lot of scientific discussion about what the Bible says, I'm not gonna go into scientific route, I'm gonna just illustrate to you the language point of view. Allah says, didn't we make the mountains or install the mountains as pegs. And that was used, for example, but
also, we find, we're gonna see this a little later on, and find out who is known by his outside his pegs. Because there's 1000s and 1000s. And 1000s of soldiers would march, and they would camp out when the soldiers camp out somewhere, what do they do? They set up these pegs in these tents. So a tent is known by the most important element of the tent, which is what the heck and this is a feature of Arabic You call something by its most essential component, right? So you can actually call a warrior a sword because that's his most essential thing. Right? So the attempt is called also a peg in classical Arabic only because that is the most important if you don't have the peg, the
10th is gone. Unless you're able to pitch these tents. Let me show you the kinds of tents I pitch. What are the kinds of tents What did you buy? Hello? Oh, Tada. What comparison do you have in Europe, your imagination, to what Allah azza wa jal is capable of, then
these are big things. But now let's look within within the human beings own
and be created you all of you, this vehicle, all of you, as watching this is hard. In the state of peers, you didn't prepare yourself. You didn't create a period you didn't create a woman man and woman, woman, a man we created you like this. This is not your own manufacturing. This has been given to you. You're not even capable over your own creation, your own gender, you're not capable of your own styles. You're not capable over the spouses that you've been created. And so you've been created in two different genders. And this is again, the creative power of a lot as manifests even on the rebel himself, the gaffer himself who's listening to this, he knows even that I've been
created in pairs, and I'm not the one who was in charge of this. I didn't design this myself. Then ally xojo goes forward and goes to the person himself. He says, Well, you know, Malcolm sabetta, and we made your your sleep known is sleep deep sleep. You know how les has an item called silica hallucinatory Nevada no Santa is slumber like sleepiness, drowsiness and gnome is deep sleep. Right? So let's as he made your deep sleep sebata. Now sebata Shah who, for example, a phrase in Arabic means the person cut off his a lock of his hair, okay? Or if you say seven to zero, when you cut the string, literally, the sebat means that which is that cuts off, it cuts off. So Allah speaks of
night as something that
cut you off, what does it cut you off from? First of all, it cuts your body off from what? Your soul, your soul departs from your body, right? You're not in charge of this, it's it leaves you and you're not in charge, then it cuts you off from your daily affairs, your work, your business, your your, your concerns, your tasks, everything is cut off, you're cut off from your family, you're cut off from your affairs, you're cut off from everything in life. As soon as you hit deep sleep, it's like you're dead to the world, you don't exist for those few hours. Nothing you do matters at that point. Because you're not relevant to the world. When you are asleep, you're cut off, you're cut
off. And this is actually very important, because it's a foreshadowing of what a level talks about in a little bit as coming into Sora which is Resurrection Day. And because on Resurrection Day, one of the most essential features of resurrection is all human beings will be cut off, they will be cut off from one another, the way that is depicted in
all of the relationships will be chopped off. And as soon as that are coming, we will read your your federal model minasi He won't be he will be the man will learn run away from his brother from his mother from his father, right? Well, sorry, but he will be he similarly, we found a sort of outage before a similar passes. So this is the kind of cutting off that will be permanent. That is going to be mentioned a little bit later on. But you experienced something from that being cut off every single day you can even help your sleep, you can go No matter how long you try to avoid your sleep. In the end, you will be overpowered boy by it. And this is a power of law hands on even the one who
believes even the one who denies a lot, even the one who doesn't believe in the hereafter. So this is actually the argumentation the floor argument. The logic here is you are so adamant in disbelieving the hereafter because you think it's so impossible. Here are the powers Allah has on you. Here are the powers that you see manifest and align your creation around you. Are you in denial of those powers and you think the one who created all of these things, and has so much control even on your own self, your own body that you have to go to sleep every night, or every few hours, that that one doesn't have the power to create life again. Anyhow, so let's go further. And Carlos you're
running out of time.
And we and we made the night a means of Garmin. We made the light garment now what is the light? Why is the night called the garment because the idea is it covers you up it takes over you like a blanket and the garment is something you hide underneath. And you know people hide in the night crimes take place in the night secrets are associated with the night ambushes associated with night. Robbery is associated with the night. Right. These are the things that are associated with night because it's secrecy. But the other thing here with that's illustrated is this is a reverse this is a clock that is put on you that you don't have the power to take off your lighting, you're not
capable of getting rid of the night, you can turn the light off in this room, but that doesn't get rid of the night tonight is overcome everyone like the day overcomes everyone so large and made the night manifest over you. Another means by which we should have a low overpowers all of the creations on the earth the night data Nebojsa
and be made in the daytime, this word mash it could be a man it could be an adverbial you know a phrase or a noun depicting time or space, literally here time, and it could be an infinitive, what's called a Muslim. And we'll talk about what that means in the eye, which is when the harmonica and we made the bright day, the morning time, or the daytime, a means of livelihood and a time of livelihood. These are the two implications of that the daytime is a means by which people earn their income. And this is particularly true in the desert because there are very few patches of desert when there's actually farmland. And those are the critical aspects of desert life because that's
where the the most food from for the entire region is coming. And that food will not grow until it gets what sunlight. So the daytime is a means by which life is delivered. And then also this is the time in which business takes place. And most work takes place in the daytime, even today in the most modern of times the stock market opens up in the morning and closes at night. It's the you know, when you get a job it's you know, the the normal average job for people isn't the night shift. It's the day shift most people work in the day. So this is the time for which is installed for earning one's income and getting a means of livelihood. Then Allah speaks finally about Baba aina Sabanci
data and we constructed built above you Sabanci dot infocomm. Here, you know, if you look at the other ayat that just came in all of them there was some implication if not direct, indirect, of the human being, which is a nanny basa we made the night as a means of government government for who for us, a means of earning the day a means of earning wealth or earning livelihood for who, for ourselves. So there's all it always comes back to us and our powerlessness over even the creations of Allah and how dependent we are
over other things that Allah has created for us. So now again here what banana law didn't just say, well, banana sanchita, we constructed seven intense skies or seven intense, powerful, flawless heavens. Rather, he added Hong Kong, we constructed above you, we constructed above you the seven heavens. And this, this Pina, this construction, the idea of construction, again, a comparison to human ability, human beings construct things to now compare whatever you've been able to construct as human beings to what Allah has constructed. So he does see this constantly, we're being put in our place. The idea of the whole these arguments is the human beings being put in their place. You
don't you don't deserve to be talking like this about the hereafter. You need to know your role. You need to know how meek how powerless you really are. So when a new phone call comes Sabanci data, and then on top of this
and then we install Raj Raj in Arabic Munchausen, Allah in allegory or implied, it refers to anything that emits light or anything that is lit. But in the Quran, consistently, it is used to refer to the sun, then we add this to the word is the mobile device called what hajah is actually from.
And this is the base meaning something that is brilliant and blazing. And then add to it What has the form that's used in Arabic is that which hyperbolized is so incredibly brilliant blazing lamp we installed for you. So of all the things, all the fires, you're going to be able to kindle on the earth, all the chandeliers you'll be able to create what is going to compare what is going to compare to this creation of Allah subhana wa tada again, an illustration of the powerlessness of the human being, at the same time an illustration of the creative power of Allah subhana wa Tada.
It is a very beautiful hire of the creative power. He says, and we sat down minute mark,
you know, Asada in Arabic, or ASR the master is it means to squeeze, to squeeze. And this is referring one opinion is this is referring to the winds, the winds come and they literally squeezed the clouds, and then the clouds get drip what rain. So that's one image that's being presented that the winds, they end up squeezing the clouds, like an aerosol is used in classical Arabic for a cloth that is drenched and you twist it and you squeeze it and water comes up. Also, Assad is used for the clouds that are full of water that can't hold anymore and end up dripping. So, these are the two implications that we sent by means of the water by means of the squeezed or the clouds that gets
squeezed by winds or the cars that are drenched in water Ma and fed Jajah water that is fed just literally it means overflowed, or heavy profuse kind of rain or flooding. So, we sent this intense kind of water supply, that again human beings can compare to, rather we know that water is a means by which human beings are either overpowered either by the overflow of it, or by the lack of it, when Allah doesn't send it it can create death and famine and the lessons too much of it it can create depth in famine or death and destruction, right flooding. So Allah azzawajal again illustrating his power over the human being and now you will find a change in tone of Mercy of Allah
subhana wa tada and how many favorites is given to you.
So, we may derive or extract by means of it the here the limiter referring to map to water, so, by means of the water, so, that we may extract have been woman about heaven is used for all kinds of grain, all kinds of wheat all kinds of crop and that is used for all kinds of grass or vegetation. So, all kinds of basically the sustenance of this earth, the earth, if not for vegetation, if not for plant life, then there is no life on this earth, because whatever we consume in the end consumes plant life, right. So anyway, you have been
in alpha and above and beyond that, Janet, specifically lush gardens, and staff is the plural, it could be argued of the feet, though there are other opinions also, Latif means that which is wrapped around. So the idea is gardens in which the trees and the branches and the and you know, these these plants, they are intertwined among each other. They're so intricately connected to each other. It seems like they're tangled among each other. This is why genetic, alfalfa plants so close together and so lush, that you can't tell where one ends and the other begins, right? That's genetic alfalfa. That's the imagery that's been presented. Now, after all of this explanation of creative powers,
this was the second paragraph by the way, the second lesson of the surah to compare human ability or human inability to the creative power of
the go back to the first paragraph, what was the whole problem? The whole problem was a denial of the hereafter. So now it's coming back to that problem now that you've been put in your place. Now we can talk about that which you were asking about and being sarcastic about olara xojo says in
But no doubt that they have a hustle and bustle in Arabic is to possum literally means to take two things that are together and to separate them so much that they're clearly apart from one another. And this is one of the descriptions of the Day of Judgment. The other comment, that is called Yeoman Fussel, the day of separation, or the day of clear distinction, because for one, on that day, truth will be separated from falsehood and in dystonia. People say some truth and mix it with some false. So this is what the machinic did. It is why it's not like he said, I'm not gonna believe in Allah, He believes that a lot and other things with a lot, right. So in the people who do bad, they say at
least we're doing some other good, they mix good with evil, they mix truth with falsehood. This is a day when all of this will be separated, a person will be separated from this false hope of worship or will be separated from his false gods, and the hopes that he placed in them, a tyrant will be separated from his power, right? All of these things that we that are together now will be separated. Alonzo just speaks in Bukhara about followers being separated from their leaders. Right? The people needed to be Roman and Latina tomorrow, the people who used to be followed will disassociate themselves with the people used to follow them. Right. So anybody who used to follow
trends of you know, nowadays, or kids are whoever the following the trends of their friends in school or celebrities on TV and things like that, on that day, they will want nothing to do with their fan base. They'll walk away from the I want nothing to do with them. That's their own doing. I have nothing to do with them. So and similarly, the elders we follow sometimes our family traditions, we're going to have to keep up with family tradition. Because our you know, our family does things this way. That's why we have to do it this way on that day. Now, this will matter your uncle or your grandfather, or your cousin for whom you wanted to show your face and engage in rebel
or do this harm business or have that inappropriate gathering. They won't care for you on that day. They'll walk away, they'll walk right off. So anyway, in the Yeoman parsley Academy pattern, probably perhaps the most graphic depiction of that person that Allah describes is that on that day, the mother will be separated from her child. Right? That's the probably the most graphic description of on that day. May Allah save us on that day. File inshallah we'll close with this I have because almost 10% All right. I'm going to wrap some some things about this I will conclude with Allah. Allah says in the kana me pata the day, this day of separation this day of parting this day of clear
distinction between two things had already been appointed Nic card is what's called lump sum at this time had was bound to come it was a fixed time it was like clockwork it had to happen right after the hour has to strike. You know, if you notice all the things are many of the things that Allah spoke about the creation of pears, the growing of plants, the sun, right, the night and the day, things that have a fixed time, things that have an appropriate time for them just like that. This life also has a zoologist paired with something What is it paired with? It's paired with the next life it's got a time to it's just you know, just like regularly you expect the season to change or
you expect the afternoon to change into the evening the evening to the night the night of the morning just like that expect it is appointed it is fixed that this time has to come it is just we're headed towards that direction whether you like it or not and this is depicted in another place that we're gonna see soon inshallah tada Yeah, you on the inside in naka de Haan Illa Beckenham from Allah.
human being you better realize you are marching forward towards your Lord, minute by minute second by second without your your your knowledge even and you're going to get to meet him. It's like no matter what you do, you know, we're all on this, you know those conveyor belts in the airports that walk you quickly. We're standing on it, whether we realize it or not. We're moving in that direction. We're heading towards our Lord. The laws are just seamless. On that day.
After the short prayer, we'll try and conclude the Dutch consulate and subtract a little bit from the commission