Four Imams And Their Principles Of Fiqh 04
Channel: Navaid Aziz
File Size: 33.54MB
In this 4th Episode of the series Sh. Nazaid discusses The Principles Of Fiqh of Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal.
I know him in Alhamdulillah hinomoto and Nina who is still futile, when I will be learning Manchurian fusina woman sejati Amma Nina manga de la dama de la la la la la la la la la hora de cada Donna Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa The only he was off but he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira about my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
So we're on our final halaqa of the principles of physics of the mothership. And we'll want to be concluding this series with the principles of Mr. Mohammed, as I mentioned at the beginning of the series, it's a gradual progression from one month to the next. So there are going to be a lot of reoccurring themes that were studied previously. So I know there's quite a few new faces in the audience today. So I would encourage you that when we talk about those themes, please go back to the previous Holocaust to get a better understanding of them, because we try not to repeat the material. So in studying the multiple v mamod, we're going to be referring a lot to one of his books, called
ultimate nuclear in any alignment, Joaquin was able to claim his book on solid rock. Now even though Kareem Rahim Allah being a humble he himself, he was very well versed in the principles of the method. So when he wrote this book, most of it is based upon humble principles there in certain areas. We have no claim Rahim Allah introduces his own opinion or the opinion of his teachers equal to some of the Tamia, but for the most part, he's talking about the method of Imam Mohammed. Sybil claim, Rahim Allah, in a section of his book, he says, what were the principles of management? So that's the exact section we're talking about, what are the principles of management? And after I'm
finished reading this to you, you guys are going to tell me what is missing and what is overlapping, right. So those are the questions I will be posing what is missing? And what is overlapping. Several claim Rahim Allah, He says that he might based his fatawa on five things. Number one, is firm texts. If there was a firm text, he gave a fatwa accordingly, and did not pay any attention to what was contrary to it. This is why he put the text before the fatawa of the companions ignore claim gives examples of his disregarding of fatawa of the companions in favor of a text. One example was his preferring the Hadith of the isolite woman who consider the idea of a pregnant widow to end when she
gives birth, and not the longer of the two terms. So I'll stop briefly over here to explain what he's talking about. So the first principle in the mind Mohamad, his principles is the texts, the why his texts mentioned, as opposed to Koran, or as opposed to sooner. Well, as we studied in Imam Shafi, his method, we considered the Quran and the Sunnah at the same level. So we use the term texts over here, and that is why text is being used. Now, he also mentioned something that How about when you have the opinion of a companion in opposition to a text, so the Hadith of the estimate woman, it says that when a woman is pregnant, and she is divorced in the state of pregnancy, her her
period of separation ends when the baby is delivered? Now put this into context? What if a woman is divorced the day before she delivers her baby? Does she going to be divorced as soon as the baby is born? Or does another opinion apply? And if another opinion applies, worded that other opinion come from? Well, there are two other opinions, there's the opinion of Abdullah buss, and there's the opinion of it, or the last one whom he married, they said that it is the longer of the two terms, meaning that whatever is longer between the delivery of the birth or three menstrual cycles, well, in this case is not going to be three menstrual cycles, but three months, or if her husband passes
away, then four months and 10 days. Now, in my mathematical mohalla, he argued that we have an explicit text over here, the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, clearly saying that the end that comes to an end with the birth of the child, regardless of it was divorced, or regardless of his death of the husband, and you don't have to look at the longer of the two. And therefore Mr. Mohammed Rahim, Allah disregarded the opinion of the end of the webinar, busca de la Noma. Now, you may be thinking, What's the big deal of him disregarding the opinions? Well, out of all of them, as I have that we've studied and are studying, the one that bases the Muslim most upon the fatawa of
the companions, is the mother of the mammoth. In fact, if you look at what was his specialization, a lot of people think his specialization was in Hadith. That is true to a certain degree out of all the Imams, he was the most specialized in Hadith. But what makes his mother particular as opposed to the rest of the Medina, is the heavy influence of the opinions of the companions. In fact, if you wanted to talk about a specialization that made him unique from the rest of them at the hip, was his ability to gather and compile the photo of the companions. That was, in fact something very, very unique to him. So he says over here that the first principle is giving preference to the text
including the Koran
In the center inclusive of the Quran, the second principle is the undisputed fatawa of the companions. So if one of them had given a fatwa that there was no known opposition to it, he did not follow anything else. But he did not call this consensus either. So who does this sound like? This point over here that I just read to you that the undisputed photographer the companions, and not calling it consensus, Imam Shafi Rahim Allah very good, and in fact, you realize that this was one of the main points because the mama Dharma was a direct student of Imam Shafi. So when the man Mohammed's first trip to Makkah, that is when he met him ama Shafi, we discussed this last week on
Friday when we said the famous debate between the soccer Dada Hawaii and Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, that is when a mathematical model actually became officially one of his students, that is when he officially became one of his students. So the second is the undisputed fatawa of the companions.
The third is the disputed fatawa amongst the companions, the disputed fatawa amongst the companions, and we're going to talk about how Mr. Muhammad differentiated between the two, but as a general rule, he followed Imam Shafi again, and Zhi Shan. I'm going to pose this question to you. How do you remember if your time Allah approach the difference of opinion amongst the companions?
Quran and Sunnah. Exactly. So let's revise again. Emmanuel hanifa him Allah said you can choose any other Fatah mathematical him Allah said you decide with the majority Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, he said, you look at the one closest to the court understand him I met him Allah, as a general rule followed suit. But that that is not absolutely true, as we'll come to discuss, in that particular section, Principle number four, and this is the first this is the first time you went you're being introduced to this principle is the usage of weak a Hadith, particularly Merson Hadith, the usage of weak Hadith, particularly of most of the Hadith. So now we're going to define this backwards. What
were the Hadith that remember him or him holla definitely did not use what was classified as modal. And what modal means is that there is someone in this chain of narration that is known to be a compulsive liar, and a fabricator of Hadith. If there's someone in the chain of narration that is known for that, this is known as Mordor and it would not be accepted. Then the second category of Hadith that Mr. Mohammed Rahim, Allah did not accept is a hadith known as Moncure. Right when you think of right, and now he no longer rejecting that which is evil, or basically this is called an evil Hadith. Now, why is this called an evil Hadith? Well, there's two things that are happening in
this. Number one is that there is an individual that is narrating a hadith that is not as strong as someone else that is reporting the same Hadith, or something similar to it, right? So there's someone there eating a hadith is not as strong as someone else that is reporting a similar or same Hadith. Number two, is if there is a huge disparity between one version of a hadith and another version of a Hadith, in terms of numbers in the chain of narration. So we talked about how the Hadith be multiple levels. So if one chain of narration has one, another chain of narration has three in it, and there's a disparity in it, then this could also be called monka. Sima Muhammad Ali
Muhammad did not deal with these two types of Hadith, the Matador and the Moncure. The rest of the Hadith Mr. Mohammed Rahim, Allah did not have a problem accepting the when would Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah accept a hadith that was not Moncure or modal? Well, anytime there wasn't a text from the Quran and the Sunnah, or an authentic opinion from one of the companions, then he would go over there even a disputed opinion in terms of what you could differentiate, then Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah would go to these sorts of ahaadeeth. Now, what is the term motorcycle mean? in the, in the language of the mohabbatein motorcycle predominantly has one usage, but it could also mean something
else. So when Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah and his mother talks about the acceptance of morson Hadith, it means that you have the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then you skip a generation, which is the generation of the Sahaba. And you go directly to the generation of the tabula, and if you skip the Sahabi, this is considered morsel. Now I want you to think about something over here. Why would imagine medela himolla have no problem accepting a morsel Hadith, even though the Sahaba is being skipped? Right. There's a complete disconnect in the chain of narration, right established there's a disconnect the Sahaba is not mentioned. Yet Mr. Mohammed Rahim. Allah did not have a
problem accepting this. Why is that?
The Tabby in we're still selling off. That's a quarter of the answer.
We need three quarters more.
Maybe it was a multilateral headache? Nope. Go ahead.
No, you need you've reversed it. All the Sahaba Oh, dude. Right. So all the Sahaba are doing, meaning that all the harbours are trustworthy. So regardless of who this hobby is, as long as it's established only as a hobby is missing in the link, it does not matter to us who this hobby was, it can be any hobby, because all of them were trustworthy, right? So good answer, but reversed. So all of us who do good
What do you mean?
That's the type of Indian make it up at that level? Well, this is why the criterion of Hadeeth are actually there, right? So the five criterion is that this person narrating it has to be trustworthy as well. Right? Not only in terms of his position and memory, but in terms of his like righteousness and piety. So someone who we know to be righteous and pious, they can make a mistake, but they won't fabricate a chain of narration, right, they won't fabricate a chain of narration. So that is why mathematic mala in his mind when he talks about morsel, the Sahabi is missing. Now, later on, as the Mojave scene evolved terminology, morsel just generally came to mean, any chain that is disconnected
mean that if there's someone missing in a chain, that is known as morsel was, in fact, when we talk about the Hadith, as only as the Sahaba that is missing, it is only the Sahabi that is missing. This is Principle number four. Okay, Principle number five, according to eggnog, Iam is now chaos and chaos we've studied previously. Okay, so now let us pose my question to you. What is overlapping? And what can what is missing from his five principle? What is missing from his principles of jurisprudence?
Is the son Well, that was never one of the major ones to begin with? We're talking about a major principle is missing over here. Think about the major principles of jurisprudence?
Nope, that's not a thing about a major principle of jurisprudence.
is human sense. So it must completely not mentioned over here. Why is that? We're going to come to see later on that Mr. Mohammed or himolla actually didn't believe in each mount, but we're gonna just discuss that in detail. Now. What is overlapping? What can we combine over here? Yep.
undisputed No, we actually discussed this last week that they refuse to call it ajumma. Right, that he would be if it's done disputed. And until they say that this was narrated by consensus that everyone reported this, then they will couldn't consider that email. undisputed means, and this if the Malik says something, but no one argued with him. We're not going to consider that each month, according to a Shafi and Ahmed. Okay, so now looking at these principles, which ones can we combine together?
No, I don't I don't leverage myositis. Now, that was something that was missing. And we explained why because he didn't actually consider it to be a principle wouldn't of itself. Which ones of these five can we overlap? Which ones can we combine together? So the texts can be combined with Which ones? Koran, no Quran, Sunnah, is texts, but out of the remainings, which ones can we add into it? Right?
absent so Principle number four can actually be combined into text because it is a form of Hadith, right? Most of Hadith is a hadith. So that can be combined into number one. What else can we combine?
Think about two and three opinions of the companions, it's still opinions of the companion is just broken down into two categories. So technically, what you're coming down to is three, right? You're going to have the text and then you're going to have the the difference of the the companions with like some difference with some difference. Now, is this all that his mother have is based upon? No, this is just a statement from him no Korean Sheikh Mohammed Abu Zubaydah, the individual whose book we're studying, he goes on to say, Actually, I want to mention something over here before we go into that. So in my mathematical himolla
when he actually talks about sadhana, how did we define sin and the first halaqa, who can remind me, how did we define sooner? We said it consists of three things. Yep.
agreements, right. So we said statements action signed agreement of departments, a lot of it was set up soon, according to a management contract includes all of those things mentioned. But in further categories, he says the terms don't that includes mutawatir Hadith. then number two Sahih Hadith. And then number three, fatwas of the companions. And then number four, Marcel had
Mercer ahaadeeth right. So technically speaking, we've only covered one principle if you're if you're including imaams, Ahmed's understanding of the term sooner, right because he considers the photographer companions to be a part of the sooner. Okay, so that's one thing. Now, those things that are missing from my mathematic method that are not mentioned by Rahim Allah, even though he mentioned them later on are the following. Number one is this hub. This is a new principle that is being introduced that was not discussed previously. Number two as masala Masada, we study this in the mehtab of Eman Malik, right, and then number three, set those very well for third area and we
study this in the month of Imam Shafi. So technically, the only new one we're learning today is is this hub is is this hub.
we're going to go into detail in terms of all of these principles, talking about the texts, we're breaking this down into the Quran and the Sunnah emammal Ahmed's understanding of the text very, very similar to that of Imam Shafi. So we spoke about how Imam Shafi Rahim Allah understood the Sunnah, and the role that the Sunnah played the role that the sinner played in explaining the Quran. Mr. Mohammed Al Rahim Allah had the exact same background. In fact, I'll read to you what Liam says. He says the shooting that has three aspects in respect to the Quran, the first it agrees with every aspect. So the Quran and the Sunnah provide multiple transmissions. So meaning number category
number one Quran in the sinner talking about the exact same subject matter. It's just a further emphasis the Quran brings sorry, shouldn't have been further emphasis. Number two, it clarifies and explains what the Quran means. So in the Quran is vague and ambiguous, the Sunnah comes to explain it. And number three, it provides a ruling upon something which the Quran is silent about, or prohibits something which the Quran is silent about. So when the Quran is silent, then the Sunnah brings a new ruling either a commandment which is an obligation or a prohibition, which becomes a something that is prohibited something that is prohibited. So that is the relationship between the
Quran and Sunnah. And literally the exact same text that we mentioned from Emma Sheffield or him Mahalo to Allah.
Now, something that we didn't mention about Imam Shafi last week, and we want to mention it together here with Mr. McDermott, he did not reject any of it, meaning he does not reject any aspect of the center when there is except when there is a center, which conflicted with one which was stronger and more reliable than it and had more reliable transmitters. So if you remember, a Imam, I'm not going to mention him because you guys are going to tell me who it is the Hadith of the dog, licking the utensil or the bowl or plate that you eat from. He said, when you look at the Quran, the Quran allows the dog to hunt for you. And then you have an ad Hadith that talks about if the dog licks the
utensil or the ball, we will not accept that Hadith because it is 100 and the Koran is motivated. Which Imam has that opinion.
In my mind the Quran hola Imam Malik held that opinion, so he would reject a hadith based upon it's not being motivated and the Quran having a opposing view of the Quran having an opposing view, according to Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah, that would not be allowed, that would not be allowed. And the only time that Mr. Mohammed or him Allah would reject a Sunnah is if it was Moncure, meaning that you have more reliable narrators, or a greater number of narrators that are reporting a similar Hadith, but with different wordings, but with different wordings. So that is the only time they would reject Hadith that is the only time they reject Hadith. Now we get to the fatality of the
companions. And this is where things are going to get really interesting. So remember how my daughter in law law, we said this was his specialization. And you'll come to see that in the way that he categorizes things. So he says that photography of the companions are of two categories. The photographer companions are two categories. Category number one, are those that narrated a lot of fatawa, those that narrated a lot of fatawa. Category number two, those that did not narrate as many fatawa those that did not narrate as many fatawa. So who were the major Muftis amongst the Sahaba category number one, he says they were Omar Ali Abdullah bin Massoud Abdullah Abdullah abass
zeytinburnu Shabbat and I shall have the Allahu anhu edgeline. These six Omar Ali Abdullah, Abdullah bin Albus zeytinburnu, fabric and eyeshadow the Allahu anhu as the main interesting thing over here, what are you going to see a lot? Well, two of them are from the qualifier Rashid Ahmed Ali. So that's understood Abdullah
delivering a suit and save them the Sabbath was going to tie them together.
So I'm gonna anally colada. How about these three what ties these three together?
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam raised them, meaning that they were young companions, but he didn't necessarily raise them so that's one thing, but there's something more
they're all family.
Haha I wanted to expand on that one. They weren't necessarily her father, but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had given them given them responsibilities pertaining to the Quran, right? He says if you want to learn the Quran, learn it from Abdullah
Abdullah bonobos, todo mundo Koran JW Sabbath, the one put in charge in order to the comprehension of the Quran. Very heavy relationship with the Quran, Isla de la Juana she sticks out. But again, what do we see about her? She was also one of the Sahaba that narrated the most Hadith. She was the wife of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam extremely, extremely intelligent, right? When you look at her fatawa extremely intelligent, right? So we also see that even amongst the simple companions, there is a huge like, role of women in Islamic jurisprudence. You don't see that much later on. Like after that it completely disappears, but amongst the Sahaba, like she was one of the
major multis amongst the Sahaba. Now who's category number two? category number two, you get aboubaker but the other one who was man mohyla Benjamin Sadie who cos don't have
Abdullah Abdullah Omar, Abdullah last
Sandman and faricy
Jabir badulla, one Javelin Abdullah and I'm sedima and own selama so you have 10 altogether I'll repeat them again abubaker us man, Muhammad said Paul Ha.
Abdullah Abdullah Amata blas salmonella fallacy. Jabari bin Abdullah, and on cinema and home cinema. So now how many movies do you have amongst the Sahaba? From what we've counted 16 altogether? How many Sahaba were there altogether? Hundreds of 1000s yet these were the ones that were recognized for fatawa right. So shows you something that it was a very specialized field, only like the cream of the crop would give fatawa only the cream of the crop would give fatawa. So you see the remaining of the qualifier rashidun in this. You also see the remaining of the 10 promise paradise in this. You see the remaining Abdullah missing mean Abdullah Mohammed Ignace they have for about the law,
right. So I've been I've been muscled abroad.
Interestingly enough, even Omar isn't mentioned here, but we'll talk about that later on. salmonella Farsi, jabber and on selama so jabber whenever they make campaigns that narrate the monster, Hadith, Sandman allphotossee, one of the early companions, and on Santa Marta de la Juana, the other wife of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam known for her filk what incident really stuck out for her. When did she really shine in which incident in the Treaty of her baby, she was the main advisor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in order to go out and act and the people will follow, okay. So, this is category number one, this is his first breakdown of two categories, who are the major
and minor machetes amongst the Sahaba
category number two, breaking down the photo of the companions versus that which is agreed upon, and that which is not agreed upon. So category number one, that which is agreed upon by the companions. So it says, Those that were not known as disagreement, and those that were disagreed upon the position of the companions, but he did not call this consensus. So category number one, again, he emphasizes, he did not call this consensus just because there's no opposition, it is not called consensus. What is an example of an EMA of the companions? Not Sorry, I shouldn't use the term original. What is a an example of all the companions being united on one opinion, and no
disagreement being known upon them? The easy one, you guys know, I guess I mentioned this in the group last week.
What did the companions agree upon?
Writing the Koran Okay, that's one of them. But the bigger one
in the in the in the whatsapp group, what did I message mentioned mentioned?
No, you don't? I will talk about the Allahu anhu becoming Khalifa. Right. This was a unanimous decision that there is no difference of opinion. Right once it was made. Right. Now, you'll get another example of this and that is
under the law no explicitly saying that the testimony of a slave is accepted. And I do not know of any difference of opinion. So
Hear You have the exact statement that was complaining saying that the testimony of a slave is accepted. And I do not know of any difference of opinion. So this is a very explicit text that a companion is saying I don't know of any difference of opinion. So this is an example of the first one.
Then number two, where you have a difference of opinion where you have a difference of opinion. And this is where different opinions are related about how Mr. Mohamad differ. How did Mr. Muhammad reconcile that? When you have the companion is different? What did he want me to do? I'm going to give you the opinion that ebenen kamalame Allah mentions even though when you look at the books that were sold, they will claim that Mr. Muhammad use different approaches. I'm just giving you what if no claim Rahim Allah says. So he says if there is a difference of opinion, the first thing Mr. Mohammed would do is is the opinion of any of the qualified mentioned, meaning Abubakar Omar Osman
and Ali, are any of their opinions mentioned? If yes, automatic preference is given to them. Why would you mind Mohamad hold that opinion
Why would you hold that opinion?
There the right the guy did of course, but what else?
But there are others who have his or her mobility Bill genda
They're always what the prophet sallallahu wasallam. That is true, but that is not the reason.
I'm actually going to stop here. I'm not going to move on until you guys tell me.
Why is Mr. Mohammed specifying the for qualified Rashidi?
We're going to say something
alikhan be sooner to Sunil Coronavirus, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam explicitly mentioning it that follow my son and the son of the fourth quarter. Remember him or him Allah remember very close to the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he is fulfilling that command that when there's a difference of opinion amongst the companions, give preference to the for Allah. So that is what he used to do. Number two, what if you don't find a statement or opinion from the whole qualified? What is the management What to do now?
Nope. Think about his teacher.
What did his teacher do?
So which opinion was closest to his understanding of the Quran and the Sunnah, that is opinion. Number two, no qualifier, then you look at which is closer to the Quran, and the Sunnah. And then number three, what if you don't find an opinion that you feel that is closest to the Quran, the sinner in my Muhammad Rahim Allah would make the work of at that time, he would actually just stay silent, and would not comment on the difference of opinion. Nor would he say which opinion is stronger, he would just say, these are the opinions amongst the companions, and he would stay silent at that time, he wouldn't give his own opinion, he wouldn't give his own opinion at that time.
Next principle, the fatawa of the tabea in fatawa, of the third being the second generation. So in the photo of the Sabine, Mr. Mohammed or him, Allah actually considered it a form of evidence, he actually did consider it a form of evidence. So in the case that there is no opinion amongst a Sahabi than Mr. Muhammad Rahim, Allah would refer to the opinion of a tablet. So let's see what let's see what Sheikh Mohammed was, Allah says, He says, Some say that he accepted them, and some that he did not. In his view, the bulk of the tablet in was like commentary, if there is no text on the subject, and no statement of a companion, or a morsel Hadith, then he accepted the footer of the
content of the today, so no opinion of the Sahabi and no more sell Hadith, then Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah would accept a fatwa from the tabin he would accept fatawa from the Tabby, who are these tabea in particular, that he would go back to Mr. Malik, Sophia, nfld, Sophia, aina, Imam, and ozai. These are the main ones, these are the main ones. What did these people have in common? These were the famous tabea that were known to give a tower these were the famous stabbing that were known to give fatawa. So he would accept them in the the lack of presence of a Hadith, or opinion of the companions. Now we move on to how to remember her mother in law understand consensus. Firstly, let's
take a quote directly from his son, Abdullah Abdullah Humbert. He said, I heard my father say, anything that anyone claims consensus on is a liar. Anyone who claims consensus is a liar. People may disagree without him knowing about it. He would say we do not know of any disagreements between people on this. So remember her mother in law saying that the claim of consensus
This is a very, very strong claim. And it is next to impossible to prove it. So just knowing not just not knowing that someone has disagreed with it is not enough. But rather you literally have to be able to prove that every monster hit him held that opinion. And therefore he voted like you vote, voted and already did it. And only then would he consider it agema. So according to my mama himolla, the only things that you will find each month upon are those matters in our faith, that are known by necessity, those matters in our faith that are known by necessity, the hersa lobbying for our cause. It's my own that alcohol being haraam. Hmm, and that, even though recently, I don't know if you guys
have been following social media is a factor now that alcohol is no longer how long. But this goes in opposition to the fundamental principles of our faith. Right? So that is, hmm. Now, did Mr. Muhammad consider the gem of the companions to be consensus or not? And the answer is, Yes, he did. He did consider this to be a form of consensus. But what he said is, the consensus of the companions was only on those matters, again, that was known by necessity, it was only on those matters, that was known by necessity. So he breaks down each mine into two categories. So what we can say is the first, which is the higher of the two is the consensus of the companions, or rather, the consensus
of everyone on the principles and obligations of this Dean, and as a principal or principal obligations of this Dean. So that's number one. Right? And the consensus of the companions on the questions was the examined on and recently exchanged opinions, until they reached a specific view. So all of them reached a specific view, like the compilation of the Koran like a worker of the Allahu anhu being halifa this was a particular consensus, because all of them were present, they all mentioned their opinions, and then they agreed upon an opinion then agreed upon opinion, then he says category number two, which compromises a well known opinion that no one is known to oppose, it
is the second type which is generally called consensus, but in my mind did not call it consensus, in the view of Ahmed, this is less strong than a sound Hadith, but ranks above analogy, so it is less sound then a it is lesser than a sound Howdy, but higher than analogy, it is higher than analogy. And the way Mr. Mohamad would frame this, rather than saying it is consensus, he would say, I do not know of any difference of opinion, I do not know of any difference of opinion. Whereas in the common vernacular now, and
we call this is masuku T, or the silent HTML, where a person says something, and we know no opposition to this, we know no opposition to this, then he puts chaos chaos we've explained in detail, we're not going to talk about that we're going to move on to is this hub, the presumption of continuity presumption of continuity. So check Mohammed was after he says over here, this is a legal principle on which all of the four times and those who follow them agree mean that all the four elements and therefore agree upon this, they vary However, in the amount that they use it, it is used the least by the higher fees and the most by the humbleness. Okay, use the least by the higher
fees, and use the most by the humbleness. Now, I want a very intelligent and clever person to break it down for me, even though I haven't even described what is this hub is for you. What is one major difference that you know of between the humbling method and the Hanafi method that would make them use is this hub the most? And the Hanafi method uses this hub the least.
Even though you don't know what this this hub is yet.
Excellent. So his use of analogy, right, the use of analogy. Remember honey for him was extremely dependent on it. Mr. Muhammad, literally is like last case scenario, if someone's dying, there's no flour, there's no correlation. There's no fatality the type of aid then we will use Korea's so it's this hub is that barrier and relationship between how much Quran and Sunnah you're using and how much analogy are you using? The more analogy you're using, the less is this hub you will use the more Quran and Sunnah you're using. The more is this hub you will use to bring this point home. When we talk about the VA Harry's not accepting Korea's What did they use instead? Is this hub so
They had to find a way to accommodate new and upcoming principles right? The reason why a man who hunted for him Allah use us is because you're going to get matters that the Quran and Sunnah didn't speak about your way out is through using fears. Now, how is the loyalty method going to accommodate to us no suit new situations, through the usage of is this hub through the usage of is this hub. Now, I will explain what is this hub is to you with two definitions, the first vivamus show county and the second wave nakaya. So, remember show Kenyatta himolla, he says is this hub means that the basic position established in the past remains in the present and the future.
It is derived from Masada, which means that the matter remains as it is, as long as nothing comes to change it so, repeated again. It means that the basic position established in the past remains in the present and the future. It is derived from the Sahaba which means that the matter remains as it is, as long as nothing comes to change it that is a mammoth show Kenyatta Mullah
Abdul Karim Rahim Allah, it means that what is proven, continues to be proven. And what is denied, continues to be denied, unless there is definite evidence to the contrary. Right? So what is proven continues to be proven, what is denied continues to be denied. Up and until there's definite evidence to the contrary.
Then he goes on to give examples, if not claimed him a lot. He says For example, ownership by a purchaser is deemed to continue, unless there's definite evidence of a change unless there's a definite evidence of a change. So I bought something, it is in my possession, I have a receipt for it. It is clearly mine up and until something changes, right. So what is something that could change? Well, we, upon inspecting the item, we find that someone else's name is on it. And in fact, maybe someone else has a receipt port, as well. And we have video evidence of someone using this exact item. Right? So those are evidence that could prove that something has changed at that time.
Now, in the multiple environment, when would this be used? And this is where things will get interesting. So it's used in four instances, number one continuity of what a contract or the law firms so continuty of what a contract or the law firms. A loan, for instance, is presumed to continue, unless there's evidence to the contrary. And a marriage is presumed to continue to exist, unless there's evidence of divorce. So if there are two people that have lent money to another, even though the person doesn't bring it up for the rest of his life, does that mean that the loan is no longer binding? No, the answer is the loan is still binding, right? Because there's no evidence to
prove to the contrary, an individual a couple get married, you know, 7080 years ago, there's no evidence of Tilak, then they're still continuously of marriage, there's still continuation of marriage until divorce is established. That is, number one. Number two, presumption that a state of affairs does not exist, unless there is definite evidence that it does. This is like the presumption of innocence and original freedom from liability, meaning that an individual is innocent until proven guilty, right? We always hear this in a court of law. This is found in our work and found in Australia. This is one of the principles that the presumption of innocence until proven otherwise.
So the presumption that a state of affairs does not exist, unless there's definite evidence. So guilt does not exist, until it is proven, meaning everyone is proven, is innocent, until proven to be guilty. Number three
contiguity of original attributes, so that pure water is presumed to remain pure, unless the contrary is definitely established. And a missing person is presumed to be alive, until there's clear evidence that he is dead. So even if things are mixed with water, we'll continue to consider that water pure output until we have solid evidence that it is no longer pure. A person can be missing for 100 years, they will continue to believe that he is alive until there's coffee. So contain a person is it continues to be presumed alive until there is proof of his death. Then number four, presumption of the continuty of consensus about general rules and principles of law. So
continue to have the consensus about general rules and the principles of law. This is going to get a bit more technical, but what if like this whole issue of the alcohol from the time of this ABA, for like the last 1400 years or so, no one has claimed that alcohol is valid, but now you know we have an individual
is claiming that in a particular method, alcohol is allowed. Now let's just say this person is a qualified mage state, right? So he meets the criterion of being a witch to hit. He's someone that is known for his knowledge, and he holds a differing opinion. Is his opinion going to break the law? Can agema actually ever be broken? Right? That's a fundamental question to ask. That's not the scope of our discussion, but this is what it is referring to. Well, according to these principles, there are certain times where each law might be able to break right and general rules might not be applicable as principles of law. So this is how a mathematical formula is using the concept of is
this hub, the things remain as they are once they are proven? Right. So this is how a mathematical formula especially accommodates to new matters, right. So let's look at general principles of the Sharia. The general principles of the Sharia will remain to stand up until we have definite proof that they don't until they have definitely proof that they don't. The next one is masala masala. We discussed this in detail when we talked about Imam Malik Rahim Allah we discussed in detail when we talked about human medical himolla.
Now, how did Mr. Mohammed demola specifically use this though? Well, Sheikh Mohammed Abu Zubaydah, he says, He orders punishments in order to correct people. Even they are not even if there are no text sanctioning those punishments to punish people for certain crimes, so as to defend society from the evil of those crimes. We find many instances of uses of Musalia, including exiled corrupt people, and increasing the punishment for drinking wine in daytime in Ramadan, and punishing those who curse the companions. So there is no set punishment that was known for cursing the companions. Mr. Mohammed, Allah him Allah, in for the sake of protecting the community from this corruption used
to order the punishment of those that cursed the companions. Likewise, in terms of lashing the people are drinking alcohol. The general futsal amongst the companions is that they would give 80 lashes Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah, if he saw this in the month of Ramadan, he would increase in that punishment, so as to avoid people doing something like this. And then we also see that in my Muhammad, Allah himolla, he had no problem exile and people, if this person was known to cause a lot of fitna underlined, rather than, you know, letting the trying to mitigate the fitmo A fitna, he would just order for that person to be exiled he would order for that person to be exiled.
Of course it is this is a form of which the hut without a shadow of a doubt. And this what we're saying that when those sort of situations when you don't have a headset on it, you don't have any text, then in that sort of situation, this is when you move on to a masala masala, right this is what my Mohamad would use at that time. Then the last one is the concept of fertile area and said to the area, right for the area, opening the main setup area closing domains we discussed this last week with Mr. Sheffield himolla.
All that leads to the latter is forbidden so meaning any harm that or anything that leads to harm becomes haram with nerve itself. Right. Now Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah, He will use this in particular for defending the community and protecting the community. And he would emphasize this greatly when he uses Hadith. So you have the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, let not one person propose to the proposal of his brother, meaning if one of us knows that someone has proposed to a particular sister, we are not allowed to propose to that sister, if we know our brother has done so. Remember him the lemon law, he says that creating animosity and hatred in the community is
wrong. And anything that will lead to animosity and hatred also becomes how long? And he mentioned this, then he mentioned this in the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, let no person outbid his brother, meaning if his brother has put a proposal forward to bid for something, we should not outbid one another. Right? That is something that will lead to animosity and hatred, and therefore should not be done. Therefore it should not be done. So then how about public auctions? How do you think about that? He didn't like it public auctions. He actually did not like, right, so people can do silent auctions. Each one gives the price that they want to pay. The highest bidder
gets the thing. That's fine. But public auctions where people are openly shouting, I'll give this much I'll give that much as a general rule. He wouldn't like that would be the exception to that rule. When you're doing it. For the sake of Allah subhanaw taala you're at a charity dinner. They're auctioning off in omelet ticket. There's no problem when you're doing it for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala insha Allah it is presumed that people will not hold any animosity towards other people when they're competing for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Tada.
I'll conclude with these two last points. There are two areas in the *tier ends and means ends are things which are benefits and harms within of themselves. And the ways are the means of achieving them. Right? So understand this term properly, he says, there are two areas in the area ends and means ends are things which are benefits and harms in and of themselves. The ways are the means of achieving them. Okay? So those are two aspects of the Shelia he's gonna break it down further now, means can be examined in two ways. So the second category, it can be examined in two ways. One is by looking at the incentive, which moved the person to act and whether what was
intended is lawful or unlawful. So why did the person do that? And that particular reason that he did it for? Is it lawful or unlawful? The second way of examine the means is to look at the results without looking at the motives and intentions without looking at the motives of intentions. Okay. Now, here's the summary. The principle of said those are closing the means, does not consider personal intentions and objectives, but aims for general benefits or the general removal of harm. Hence, It examines the objective and end or simply the end, it never looks at the motive and never looks at the motive.
Concluding part, Ahmed's position in this was similar to that of Malik. He considered and established the ends forbade what led to an unlawful end and confirmed what led to desirable end. he regarded that as a general principle and applied it to specific questions. For instance, he forbade meeting a caravan before it arrived, so that it would not lead to a rise in prices for the people, and hence the general harm. So explain this opinion. caravans used to come to the city, and individual knows what day the caravan is going to come. So he says before someone can arrive into the city and start selling his product. Let me go and get first dibs on those products by meeting
that caravan in the desert. Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah did not allow that Why? Because the general principle of you know, supply and demand. As soon as that supply decreases, and there's a demand, the price is already going to go up. So remember how I didn't want that to happen. So anything that would affect the price for the public and cause it to go up without you know real necessity in my mathematical himolla did not allow remember what Rahim Allah did not allow. Now I want to just share one last statement from Mr. Muhammad To summarize, not only his method, but to summarize the whole series of lockers. Mr. Mohammed rahimullah stated, what are the necessary qualifications of him have
the necessary qualifications of the Mufti? He said, A man should not set himself up to give fatwa. Unless he possesses five qualities, you should not set yourself up to give fatwa unless you possess five qualities. Number one, he must have clear intentions.
If he does not, he will have no light from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Right, should have clear intentions, if he does not, he will have no light from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Number two,
he must have knowledge. Right? And with knowledge, he talks about three qualities that are meant to come with knowledge, forbearance, humility, and tranquility. So forbearance, humility and tranquility, forbearance, meaning that there's going to be hardships on the path to knowledge. So you should be patient upon these hardships, humility, knowledge should make you humble, it should not make you arrogant, right? tranquillity you should not use like, you know, be in haste in imparting this knowledge, but rather be very tranquil with it. Number three, he must be firm in his knowledge, right? He must be firm in his knowledge. And he explains this by saying, or Actually, no,
he just means he must be firm. And also he has to have knowledge, which is number two, the number three, he must be firm in his knowledge. Then number four, he must be independent, and not dependent on other people. And this also breaks down into two areas. Number one, is that he should be a specialist in all the major Islamic sciences and fields. And number two, there should be nothing to question his integrity, mean he shouldn't be on the payroll of a government or he shouldn't be a part of a particular movement or a group that is known to support particular ideas, right. He has to be independent from
from anything that will harm his integrity, and the last point, he must be known to the people. Number five, he must be known to the people he must be known to the people so the Mufti cannot be hidden. You can see that there's a Mufti in some cave that's hiding away that only five people in the world know of. And he's like the highest authority in Islam. It doesn't work like that accompanied by Mohammed, he has to be known to the people he has to be known to the people will know who tada It was a fella who sent him an article in the Vienna Mohammed Wanda and he was off, but he will send them I want to give some concluding remarks of my own. Now inshallah, one of the major
objectives behind this series is to understand how even amongst the self, not only did they differ in their opinions, they differed in their approach to their opinions, understand that right, if people are different in their approach, definitely their opinions are going to differ a lot. And that is why it is imperative to understand that a difference of opinion must be rejected must be accepted, difference of opinion must be accepted and not looked down upon. So if someone holds a different opinion than you, as long as it is based upon sound principles, then it should be respected. If the opinion is not based upon sound principles, it can be rejected. Number two, the
methodology of our prejudice assessors was always to discuss ideas, and never to discuss individuals. So you can refute an idea, but don't make the focus of your discussion the refuting of individuals that should be done in very, very few cases, the strength of a scholar will be his in his ability to refute the idea and not refute the individual, it's very easy to character assassinate, it's very difficult to refute someone's idea based upon gradual progression and usage of logic and evidence. Number three, the dire need and necessity of going back and studying or Solon filk so that we can accommodate to the modern day needs and necessities of our time. Right? This is
imperative, right? It's no longer sufficient that we just keep reading from our old books, and just keep parroting those same fatawa. Now don't get me wrong. Those books have their place in time, and they are our foundation, right? We will never be completely free from those books. But those books had their place in their time. When you look at the vast majority of the development of film, it was all developed when Muslim scholars lived in majority Muslim lens. There are very, very few books that have been written when Muslim scholars were in a minority land. And as you have come to see this concept of public interest, right, while masala hermosa and the concept of ORF are the customs
of the people, this is going to vary from place to place and time to time. So there are certain things that in this day and age, we will give a fatwa not myself, but scholars will give a fatwa that is contrary to the fatwa of the past. In fact, even certain things that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself may have not done not because it was a legal and binding obligation upon him, but because it was based upon the customs of his time. Now, I will conclude with just giving you one clear example.
For the longest time, I could not understand why certain scholars would say that you're allowed to shake hands with a non Muharram individual, I could not understand this. In my time in Medina, I tried to understand it didn't make any sense to me.
Only later in about 2012 2013, when I worked like a corporate job for about three months, right, or actually through on and off for three months. And it was a lot of interactions with the opposite gender. And I realized how difficult it is that when you're in a networking component, particularly dealing with like social services, where 95% of the women in there are female, it gets really, really difficult to tell each and every individual, you know, I sneezed on my hand, or sorry, I have something on my head, or even being straight honest and treat board. Sorry, my religion does not, you know, allow me to shake hands with someone of the opposite gender, you're going to be as smooth
as you want. You know, shaking hands with the opposite. Gender is a privilege in our religion, and I don't have the privilege of shaking your hand, be as smooth as you want. It's still going to be awkward when someone has their hand out and you're talking instead of putting your hand out.
Have you read let me finish. Let me finish. So at that time, I was like, Okay, I need to understand this further. I need to understand this issue further. Right. The likes of Sheffield civil qaradawi. They're not jokes, right? People will belittle him. But when you look at the magnitude of a scholar like him, this man is like one of the major alumna of our time is like no joke.
So him allowing it, what did he see that I was not seeing.
And then the more you study the principles of visual effect over the madhhab, you'll see that even in the approach to photography, there's a difference of opinion. Now, the more I think about this issue, the more easier going up become. Now, I myself will try never to initiate a handshake. In fact, if I can get out of that situation, I will still hold the more conservative and difficult view, not because I don't believe that there isn't a concession. But because I believe there needs to be a voice for conservative Muslims that choose not to do it. And as a leader in the community, or someone that's perceived as being the leader in community, if I go into the concession, and I
don't set an example for the community, then those community members that choose to hold on to that opinion, I failed them. And that is something I wouldn't want to do. So in my own understanding of this issue, the reason why I believe it will be allowed in certain situations, this is what I want to conclude with, so that now after a series of four weeks, when you understand this a little filk, you can understand where I'm coming from.
So when you look at interaction between men and women in the city, this is something that is not explicit, meaning that Allah subhanho wa Taala in the Quran, when he talks about gender interaction in particular, he says, Why should ohana build models that live with their spouses according to what is customarily good? Right? So there's no definite, you know, signs of interaction. On the exact opposite end, the prohibition we have won our takanobu Xena do not approach Xena, this comes under the category of Central video. And in all of them are the hype. It is the very last form of evidence, right? Meaning it is the weakest form of evidence that you can have. So now for someone to
come in say that if you were to shake hands with the opposite gender, you will fall into Xena, I think all of us will pretty much agree upon that this is very, very far fetched. Right? There are other things that will happen before and after that that will lead to Xena, right? You're not controlling your internal desire, you're not controlling your thoughts. You allow yourself to infatuate over that person that's going to lead to Xena. But the mere handshake by itself in isolation will not lead to Zinner. So you've dealt with the concept of what is gender interaction based upon it is a matter of the dunya so therefore everything is highlighted until proven how long
now the prohibition we have from the Quran, Allah taco, Xena, very vague and ambiguous and not really applicable. Now we move to the Hadith of the prophets of Allah why new setup? You have the Hadith in October Ronnie, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, it is better for you to be stabbed in the head with an iron rod than for you to shake hands and for them for you to touch a person that is not natural to you. Shaken Vanya himolla graded this hadith as has said and is acceptable. Mr. Muhammad yahoomail Medina, and those caliber of scholars actually consider this hadith not to be authentic. And that is why most of the early scores are Hadith. It was not
acceptable in Hideyoshi, called binary mala scholars that came later on, they said it was acceptable. From a hadith perspective, every scholar takes the approach that this hadith is not authentic. He's not going to be using the Hadith anymore, right? So now he has to move to something else. Well, let's look at another Hadith of the prophets of Allah who it was set up where I showed the other one he reports that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam never took physical beta from the hands from the female companions mean that he never asked the female companion to put hand in hand and give back. Unlike the male companions. Well, this hadith would know itself is not a proof
that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam choosing not to do something, we want to look at where it falls. Was it a commandment? No. Was it a statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? No. Was it an action of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Yes. Was it a silent consent? Possible depending on how you understand the situation? The actions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam? Are all of them within the scope of the deed? Or are some of them exempt from it? Well, clearly the way we defined sooner, we said that some of them are exempt from it, what are exempt from it? The physical characteristics of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam him wearing a turban him the
clothes that he wore, and the color characteristics of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam are exempt from the definition of sooner. So now when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chooses not to shake hands? Is there a religious reasons behind it? Or is it more of a cultural reasoning behind that it would culturally was not socially acceptable at that time? Well, if you take the opinion that it wasn't culturally acceptable, then you understand why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't do it. So now what conditions can you put into play to mitigate the harm and to still encompass the principles of the *tier? Well, number one, the highest
should not be initiated, right? If someone sticks out their hand, that is one issue. But for you to stick out your hand is a completely separate issue. So you should not initiate the handshake. Number two, is that there has to be a presumption of some sort of harm, or some sort of, you know, misdemeanor taking place.
If you go to a place where like, everyone's a hipster, and everyone's inclusive, and everyone understands one another, people aren't going to take an offense if you choose not to shake hands. In fact, hey, that's really cool about your religion, tell me more about it come to a place that is very strict on Western secular liberal values. And they're like, I'm offended that you didn't shake my hand, how dare you write that that's a completely different story. So is any harm being caused is there you know, a problem over there. Number three, looking at attraction, that if you're ever put in a situation where you're attracted to the opposite gender, and this situation comes to arise, can
you comfortably say that you did not, like respond to the handshake out of desire, and you were just me doing it for the sake of the greater good and not wanting someone to be offended? And potentially giving them down later on in having them on having positive image and understanding of Islam? You can't, right, it's very difficult. So as soon as desire comes into play, you withdraw altogether, that's when you try to be as smooth as possible. Sorry, you know, you're too precious, you're too beautiful. My religion does not accommodate to shake hands with you at this given time. Right. That's how you would under standard. So these principles, I believe, the religious principles can be
protected. It brings out the mitigates the harm in interaction with non Muslims, where if they're initiating it, and you presume them to be offended, and and and it accommodates to all of those things. And we haven't done a disservice to any of the texts that are explicit, right? We haven't done a disservice. So now summarizing this, yes, that concession is there, people can apply it, if they choose to do so the better approach is still to try to avoid it. So now if you see a Muslim shaking hands with a non Muslim, rather than going gung ho, haram haram Haram, you know, we need to refute them and speak out against them understand that maybe they're coming from a different photo
they're understanding from a completely different place. Right. So that's what I'm hoping to, to say that this is just one issue in filk, that I have attempted to break down for you over the last four weeks of what we've studied. Imagine if we applied this to all of the difference of opinions that we have in our committee in our community, would it become a lot more accepting and understandable? And that's what I'm hoping to achieve? Allahu taala. So I'll open up the four four questions in Sharla. As this is the last Halak, I'll answer as many as you have. Go ahead.
It's this herb is used instead of chaos. So in my religious training, I would say I'm more religiously trained in the humbling myself because that's what we studied. So I would say the default rule is this the sub, so you have an issue over here of
a woman coming. And two men are claiming that they are both his that she is his wife. What are you going to do in that situation? Let's just say both of them have marriage certificates. What are you going to do in that situation? You'll always give precedence to the individual that got married first. And there is no proof of divorce based upon continuity. Right. So whatever took place first continues until there's proof to prove otherwise, that would be how is this how would be used in that situation?
So how would you How would you use Korea's in this situation?
Nokia is used as a very last resort. So it's this hub is a form of chaos is what we're saying is this hub is a form of chaos.
What if the woman has an opinion?
Okay, and then what would that do?
There is no need of dispute. Of course there is because the first man is claiming that this is his wife, how can she be married to someone else? Right, that's what the issue is over here. So there is a dispute even if a woman says that so and so is my husband, the dispute is still there. We haven't resolved the dispute. So based upon this, this hub, that's how we would see it, who was the first person to get married, that can prove it and not show a difference of opinion? mean that can that there's no there's no tallac to before within that situation. That's how we will use this this hub?
Actually, according to the mass majority of scholars you don't have to make right and the month of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah they were the only ones that said unrestrictedly if a non Muslim, If any man or woman touch one another will do is required.
In the humble amateur they said only if it is with a desire and in the magic and Abu hanifa nobody was required at all, if whether it was with a desire or not, unless you were touching the private parts, then then the widow will be required.
easy for you, you should never do that. That's what we try to avoid in the very first teleco we lay the criterion for what a layman should do. The layman is required to have knowledge of the fundamentals of his or Canon Eman and our canon Islam, then secondary on those things that are particular to his profession. Then after that any times he has he needs a fatwa, he is required to have a connection with a Mufti. We said it is not possible that a layman not have a connection with the Mufti right. So he has to follow the Mufti at that time. Right and never follow the easiest opinion. You will destroy your deen because there were so many differences of opinions in our faith.
You always follow the easiest opinion. You'll end up leaving the deen altogether. And this is actually what the seller used to say.
You're not allowed to do that. You have to follow what your Mufti says. So have a relationship with a Mufti? Let him make the decisions for you. Because in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala, he will be held accountable for anything that he says. Is there a most in Canada, many of these in Canada?
Engineer engineering I don't know about but medical ethics there is in fact, if you look at if you go to the Singapore knockoff, the Singapore Islamic development, just this past month, they released a book of fatawa pertaining to the medical profession. So anything that you need to note about that that's there. So I think based upon professions, you will find a book of photographer catering to it. So those of you that are business people, there's a book of Othello pertaining to that. I've never come across anything for engineering, but Allah knows best. I do not know. Yeah.
Eating the covers food.
Excellent. So yeah, all the allow the meeting eating the meat of the Hello keytab what they differed upon what is the officer in the home what is the foundational principle in meat? So Abu hanifa Malik, yeah, sorry Abu hanifa Shafi and one opinion from him Ahmed, they said it is how long until proven Khalid Malik and another opinion in the middle of it is halal until proven haram and unless panels Allah knows best the second opinion seems to have stronger evidence that the meat is halal until proven to be hard on
So just because something is not machine slaughtered, so just because something is not hand slaughter does not make it out of itself. Right there is no federal committees that make it mandatory for it to be halal slaughtered. I think it's the higher level he said it is better if it had it his hands slaughtered but just because it's not handsaw doesn't make it harder. And Allah Spanos Allah knows best.
Why wipersoft Allah?
How can you practice the Islam? I'm praying right now as I'm talking to you, because the Salah is in my heart. That's when it comes down to right. And that is why if you reject the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there is no Islam left at that time. There's no Islam left at that time.
You should never do that. You should only have one Mufti. That is the general rule. And I said as long as he meets the three criteria, he comes from a credible Institute, or he is known to have ijazah. He is known to have he knows that he's known to apply the knowledge that he has, and he's not known for publicly sinning, like the major sense, then in that sort of situation, you're allowed to take him as a Mufti. You should never go for multiple opinions. Now this issue of what if I don't understand his opinion? Well, if you're a layman, you're not required to understand you can ask for an explanation. But you still submit to the fact that at the end of the day, he is accountable for
development with Allah and not you.
You stick to it because you're not because either you're a luminary or not. If you're a layman, know your role and stay in your lane, right. If you're not a layman and go ahead and performance the head
I will put myself at the lowest bottom of the list I tell people never come to me for fatawa I will teach you I can, I can teach you rulings of what the books say. But if you have a particular contextualized situation that hey, if I don't do this or this, I'm gonna lose my job or I'm gonna lose my house. Don't come to me with those questions. Now, who should you go to? Ideally for those that know Arabic chicks, Samia matar is a great resource. Then chef Hasson and you know, she has no speaks a good level of English, they can go to him as well. After that, as a mama duck taco at that time. That's what I'll stop.
Yes, that's fine. That's not a problem. That's not a problem shop.
What do you mean?
But that doesn't matter in our context. That's right. Like I said, in our situation, we're not looking at motherhood, regardless of where you came from. You're now living in Calgary. So now you need someone that understands
Ria, but the reality is the mudarabah irrelevant of the lay people, the only time the mother had become relevant is are those people that are actively studying filk those who are actively studying, we will say yes, find a Mufti and your method, but the vast majority of us are not actively pursuing filk. So therefore, any Mufti that we find that we can build a relationship with, is sufficient for us.
This is what Mr. Mohamad said.
So the the fourth one was not strong integrity.
No fifth one is known to people. The fifth one has to be known to people. And number four is that he has to be independent. So he can't be dependent on someone else's knowledge and he can't be dependent on someone else's payroll. Right.
For from it or from it. Okay, let's conclude with that. I do have a couple of announcements we don't move right away. So particle homoeologous shadowline, Highlander sakurako tabula rasa kumbhakarna to all of you that attended Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.