40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi – Episode 23

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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Topics: Hadith

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Nelson Mandela in in Al Hamdulillah hinomoto who wants to know who won a stock photo? When I was a biller, human Shuri and fusina woman say yeah Tiana Nina. Maria de La da da

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da da da wash Donna in La la la la, la la sharika Rashad Wanda Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa he was off. He was seldom at the Sleeman kathira

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My dear brothers and sisters so that when they come to LA he will buy cattle.

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So today we're doing Hadith number 20. This is the Hadith. And Abby missourian aka Mr. Allen, sorry about the Allahu anhu call called Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in madaraka nurserymen column in the bulletin oola in Atlanta, Steffi foerstner, Masha, Allah Allah Bukhari, on the authority of governments. Mr. Allen sorry, may Allah subhanho wa Taala be pleased with him who said, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, from the words of the previous prophets, that the people still find our if you feel no shame, then do as you wish, this hadith was narrated by emammal Buhari. general comments on this Hadith, this hadith talks about two main subjects

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subject number one was the continuation of the legacy of all of the prophets and how they all had similar messages and themes in terms of what they commanded the people with or forbade the people from. And then the second thing it talks about is the concept of modesty. Remember, no Rahim Allah when he commented on this hadith? He said that this hadith encompasses all of Islam. This Hadith encompasses all of Islam. Who can explain that to me. Why would this hadith Hadith about shyness and modesty encompass all of Islam?

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Go ahead.

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Okay, so you're you've given me half of the answer. You've given me half of the answer. There's another half that we need.

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You want to give it a second shot? Let's come back to you though. I mean, did you have your hand up? No. Did anyone else want to volunteer and answer, fellas?

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Yeah, I need somehow time merge to this machine.

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Okay.

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Know,

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you want to give it the third shot,

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though. So we've won the first half. shyness prevents us from sinning, right. So doing bad deeds, shyness will prevent us from doing it. That's half of a man right there. What is the other half of the man?

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What is the other half of the man half of the mind is staying away from bad deeds. So the other half of the man is

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doing the good deeds, right? So when the person is shy from Allah subhanho wa Taala. This falls under the same category, that he will be shy not to do the good deeds. So when it comes time to do a good deed, he's going to do it. And that's what the amendment no your mo law is implying when he says that this hadith encompasses all of Islam, because Islam is built on two things, staying away from the bad deeds and doing the good deeds. So that's just a general introduction to the Hadith. Now that we have this handy scenario of this Hadith, he was Abu Massoud aucuba Abdullah amor, I'm sorry, Oak Bab nama, Ansari. So he was from the people of Medina, he was given a nickname or a title

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called al Baghdadi as badly. Some of the historians understood from this title Alberdi that he attended the Battle of butter, but in reality, this is not true. The reason why he was given the title allegedly was that he lived in and around that area and that why he that is why he was given that title of Baddeley from the virtues of Quebec nama hora de la who was that when I live in, I'll be thought about the law who left for the Battle of Safin and eventually I live in Amitabha de la who was killed after that. He left behind occupational ama as the governor of bustle at that time, he left Oklahoma as the governor of Kufa at that time, and Oklahoma, he actually died a little bit

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after that in the year 41 or 42. So just at the end of the hill off of hassanal Delano, that is approximately when he died altogether he narrated about 102 Hadith, he narrated about 102 Hadith. So this hadith it starts off by saying from the words of the earlier prophets that the people still find are so meaning that awkward nama is narrating from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a continuation in legacy from the previous prophets and I believe this is a very important

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points to understand, particularly as Muslims when we talk about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the average non Muslim does not know about the continuation and legacy that all of the prophets were sent by the same God, they came with similar messages. And they were trying to promote the same sort of themes. So when you look inside the Koran, there are certain key words that almost all of the prophets used, from the key words that almost all of the prophets used were for cola or appearing that have Taqwa of Allah subhanho wa Taala, and obey me. So the two basic principles in Islam of having sincerity of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then having an example to follow, having

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metabo are an example to follow of the messengers that came down here, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is giving us a third example of what all of the prophets came with. And that is to have shyness and modesty. A lot of people presume that shyness, and modesty is just from Allah subhanho wa Taala. But in reality, this is not the case. In reality, this is not the case, shyness and modesty, it can be from the angels, it can be from the people around us, it can be from our elders, you know, there's a lot of things that one can be shy of. So this concept of what the prophets came with, when they mentioned being shy, it was generally referring to two things. One is

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one being be shy of standing in front of Allah subhanho, wa Taala. And then the second concept of having an instilling good morals and manners inside of ourselves, having an instilling good morals and manners inside of ourselves. So this is what the prophets generally came with. Now, how do we understand the actual crux of the statement? If you feel no shame, then do as you wish, if you feel no shame, then do as you wish, the scholars actually differed on three different opinions as to how the statement can actually be interpreted. Interpretation number one is that this statement is actually a threat. So you're speaking to someone and you give them a deer, it's like, I dare you to

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do this, you know, go ahead and do it. Or actually, that might not even be a good example, A good example would be like, I tell us, the GAO suggests, you know, go ahead and do this and see what happens to you. Right? Actually, I'm not gonna give any more further examples. But you know, that's what it generally means. Go ahead and do this and watch what happens. So this is a threat from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that when an individual feels no shyness, then he's going to do what he pleases. And then at that time, he should wait for bad consequences from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that is what this statement actually means. And this is something that you

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actually find in the Quran, that Allah subhana wa Tada, he tells the disbelievers you know, just be patient a little while longer your compensation and punishment is coming from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So continue doing what you're doing, eventually it will be stopped. A second interpretation of this hadith

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is that this hadith is not an imperative or a command, but rather it is a factual statement. Rather, it is a factual statement. So how is this a factual statement, it becomes a factual statement in the sense that if a person feels no shyness and modesty, then he will do as he pleases, he will do as he pleases. And maybe we'll call him Rahim Allah. In this second interpretation, he actually has, you know, a lot of beautiful commentary, where he talks about the state of the heart. And when you look at the linguistic interpretation of the term higher, which is you know, the term that is used for modesty and shyness, it comes from the same root word in the same essence of higher, which is life

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within of itself. Right. So have no claim about him or her life starts off his discussion by saying that, just like water is known as higher which is known as life, because it brings life to the ground, and the plants and vegetables and trees are allowed to grow, then higher the modesty and shyness, this is the life of the heart, this is the life of the heart. And with each sin that it is committed, then the heart slowly starts to die, it slowly starts to die, till eventually a time comes where there's no modesty and shyness left in the heart. And then thereafter, it will feel no shame in whatever the person does, it will feel no shame, and whatever the person does, and this is

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actually a very scary point, because the time will actually come where a person will not care what he does. And as seen in the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, where he says that all of my oma will be forgiven, with the exception of one group of people, and they are an Mujahideen. They are the ones that make their sins known to the people. So they committed a sin at night, and Allah subhanho wa Taala covered that sin and hid that sin from the people. And then they wake up in the morning and they come to the people and they say, do you know what I did last night? I did so and so and they uplifted the city that Allah subhanho wa Taala had placed the covering that

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Allah subhanho wa Taala

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had placed upon that sin. So let's panatela will forgive all people, except for those individuals that have lost all shyness and feel no shame in telling the people the bad deeds that they have done in telling the people the bad deeds that they have done.

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A third interpretation of the Hadith, and this is the last one, that it indicates a form of permissibility it indicates a form of permissibility. So look at the wording of the Hadith. If you feel no shame, then do as you wish. Whereas the form of permissibility in this, go ahead.

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It's not a comment, then do as you wish, that is a comment.

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Okay, but now we'll try to look at in this statement, do as you wish, how is it showing us permissibility? In this statement, it is permissible to do as you wish there is like a clause there. What is the clause?

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Actually, no, it's not a person does not need to know what is halal and haram to do as you wish, and will come to see that. So there's something else that's at play over here, go ahead,

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which is

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no title together. So what is like the sentence I'm looking for in terms of permissibility?

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Okay, so that's going back to the second interpretation, I'm talking about updates becomes permissible to do what you want, as long as

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close enough, I'll accept that for you close enough. Good. So the third interpretation is that this is a statement of permissibility. Meaning that if you want to see what is permissible and not permissible, then look at if you feel comfortable doing this in front of people, if you do not feel comfortable doing this in front of people, and you feel shy and ashamed, then understand that this is not from Islam, and then this deed shouldn't be done. However, if you do feel shy and ashamed, doing this in front of the people, then it's better to refrain from that and stay away from it. Now, what is the problem with this third opinion?

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we just discussed in the second opinion, what is the problem with this third opinion? Go ahead.

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Exactly the time eventually comes where a person will start feeling shyness, right. So it shows us sort of the the the Holland or the the lapses in judge or against conclusion with this third opinion, that the third opinion that while it seems very nice that you know is you have a general guideline, that if you feel shy in front of people, then you know, don't do that act, right, it shows you impermissibility. But we discussed in the second opinion, that a time eventually comes when people will stop feeling shame. And just because a person doesn't feel shame at that time anymore, it doesn't mean that the Act has now become permissible, it doesn't mean now that the Act

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has actually become per miserable. So in conclusion, all three of these opinions are valid, and they all have, you know, their virtues. to them. The conclusion what we'd want to get from all of these interpretations, is the fact that ultimately, shyness is from Islam. And that is what prevents us from doing bad deeds. shyness is from Islam. And that is what prevents us from doing bad deeds. Now, the concept of higher the concept of higher

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I'm going to do Cotabato de la Han, he summarizes our interpretation of HIA. He says higher leads to what and what leads to being conscious of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this explain what these words that are being used here, we already know what higher is what up. This is to make Allah subhanaw taala priority, that means that you're not even going to do the smallest shadiest thing. So if there's any doubt about something, you because of your consciousness of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then you're going to stay away from it. So he goes on, and this is the exact quote he says, if a person has little higher, he will have little water. And the person who has little water than his

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heart has died. A person who has little water than his heart has died. So we were talking about how higher brings life to the heart. This is how it does so that life of the heart is in his consciousness of Allah subhanho wa Taala in its remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala and as soon as higher gets extracted from the heart, than the heart starts to die, then the heart starts to die.

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Now, this concept of higher what is important to understand is that this is one of the key distinguishing characteristics between humans and animals between humans and animals. You look at an animal, it will eat, sleep, you know, go to the bathroom.

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Room have its intimate relations all in public all in one area, not caring about, you know, anyone or anything. And what makes us human is the fact that we feel shy to do these things in public, that we will not going to go to the to the bathroom. in public. We know a person doesn't have mutual relations in public. And this shows you how regressive our society is becoming that while technologically we're advancing, we're actually regressing as a society. There's a Actually, let me just finish my point. And I'll get to the show that I was going to talk about. When you look at the story of Adam and his salam, after Adam alayhis salam and his wife they consume from the tree, one

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of the first consequences that they feel at that time, is now they start to recognize their outer right, they start to become cognitive of their outer right before that they weren't cognitive of the hour, but now they're taking the leaves of the trees in Paradise, and they're trying to cover themselves. And this is a human characteristic that all of us will have, that regardless of you know how much immodesty may be in society, regardless of you know, what type of background you come from the average human being will feel shy, walking close less in society, right, the average human being will feel shy, walking clueless in society. Now, let us get to the show that I was talking about,

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there's a TV station in London, it's not openly accessible in Canada, it's called which one is the equivalent of like, a music station in the United States, their hit show for this year, is called Dating Naked, on how they will bring a man and a woman and have the lead still man and a woman, and you know, not something else. And the premise of the date is that they will record them Dating Naked, that, you know, you get introduced to one another. And, you know, you're basically looking at each other naked. And it's vanilla, it shows you, you know, a massive problem in our society, when such shows are now openly being displayed on public TV, right in the United States. This is public

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TV, it's not a subscription channel. It's not like a pay per view channel. This is public TV, it shows us that there is something really, really wrong in our understanding of morality, and the way that we dictate our lives. There's a problem when, you know, people who indulge in sin openly, you know, actors in these adult movies are getting paid more than teachers, right? There's a huge problem in society, when this is what is actually happening. So this concept of higher, it leads us to a discussion of is higher, something that is naturally and innately there? And is it something that can be acquired? Is it something that can be acquired? So the first part is that yes, each and

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every one of us is born with shyness, this is a part of our faith, Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala gave us this fitflop this moral compass through which we do feel this natural shyness, and over time, based upon our surroundings based upon the sins that we commit, based upon the people that we hang around with, the things that we expose ourselves to that level of modesty will increase and decrease. Now once modesty is decreased, can it actually be increased? And the answer is yes, modesty actually can be increased. And even the larger Brahim Allah, one of the famous commentary, commentators on demand notes for the Hadith, he mentioned three things that increases a person's

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highness, three, shyness, three things that increases a person's shyness.

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Number one, it is to constantly and frequently remember Allah subhanho wa Taala, constantly and frequently to remember Allah subhanho wa Taala. Let's take a practical example of this. a practical example of this is that the individual gets into the habit of saying Bismillah before he does anything and everything, so he's opening the door, he says, Bismillah he's taking a drink of water. He's saying Bismillah a person who naturally says Bismillah before he does anything. Now he's about to embark upon a sin. And he says, Bismillah what is that going to do? It will prevent him from committing that sin. So the more a person has the habit of remembering Allah subhanho wa Taala, the

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less likely he is to commit that sin. Number two, he mentioned remembering the frequent blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala. As human beings, we hate to disrespect and show disrespect to the hands that feed us. Right? So anytime someone does a good favor to you, part of human nature is that you want to reciprocate that kindness. So when an individual recognizes the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala he starts to hate the sin against Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is interesting because this ties into the relationship of modesty.

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And its relationship with shark and tauheed. And its relationship with shark and Thor hit a belovedness OData de la Anto when he was asked to describe, you know, what is schicke? He said untouch either the law he need them, well who are the haluk that it is to create a rival and to partner with Allah subhanho wa Taala, while recognizing that Allah subhanaw taala is the one that created you like Allah subhanaw taala is the one that created you. So similarly over here it is saying that shyness or lack thereof, is that how dare you sin against the one that provides you everything that you asked for? Right? How can you sinned against the the one that provides you what

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you asked for, you can call unconsciously, you just won't want to do it. And this ties into the first part, that in order to sin against Allah subhanho wa Taala you actually have to forget or become ignorant of worthless panelists on this. It is not possible that a person is cognitive of who Allah subhanho wa Taala is in terms of his power and his might and his greatness in terms of the many blessings that He has given us. And yet still sin against Allah subhanho wa Taala. The third thing he mentioned on the last way that he mentions is that you hang around the people of modesty, you hang around the people of shyness. Now who can give me a proof from this from the sealer, the

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very famous Hadith,

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but

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fantastic.

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So I showed her the law. She's monitoring the actions of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the lower thigh of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is uncovered. Okay, and Abu Bakr radiallahu anhu comes in the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam does not adjust the way that he's sitting on the lawn who comes in the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam does not adjust the way that he is sitting. And then finally, finally the Allahu anhu he comes in, and then all of a sudden the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam straightens himself and fixes his fixes his lower garment. I should have the long line he asked him

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on messenger of Allah Baba Kim, Kim, and you didn't move yet when the Allahu anhu comes? Why did you move at that time, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says, Allah is the human origin is just the human who al-mada that should not be shy and modest in front of an individual, whom the angels are even shy of whom the angels are even shy of. So it shows you the the level of modesty, that of manners, the love, and who had so much so that he inspired the Messenger of Allah sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, to increase his own modesty from time to time to increase his own modesty from time to time. So this shows us that when you hang around with shy people, and with

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modest people, then you start to imitate their characteristics as well. You hang around with lewd people, people who do not care about shyness and modesty. And actually, you develop those attitudes, as well.

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Now, you'll notice in our day and age, this concept of shyness and modesty is slowly being lost in the sense that people no longer understand what shyness and modesty is, that, yes, there's a required level of modesty and shyness. And that is to stay away from sin. But there's a higher level of modesty and shyness, which is just to keep yourself extra covered, right, to keep yourself away from any form of doubt, to creep yourself away from any form of looseness. And you find as many examples of this, that Musan his salon. And you know, from the virtues of masala Islam is that he was known to be extremely modest and shy, so much so that he would never show off his arms, right?

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You will never see the skin on his arms, that even when he would be sometimes he would keep his clothes on to go and booth. And then the people started saying, you know, the reason why most alley salon he doesn't show his skin is because he's a leper that he has a you know, a malfunction in his skill in his skin. And that is why he doesn't want to show off his skin. And this became such a rampant

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rumor in the community in the society that Allah subhanho wa Taala decided to defend him. Does anyone know what happened? What happened?

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Fantastic. So there's actually two narrations to the story. One is that the rocks started moving away when musalla saddam had taken his clothes off so that he would become exposed to the people and another generation urban Cassio Rahim Allah mentions is that the the ants started to walk away with their clothes on Musa alayhis salam and the Mossad. Islam eventually had to chase the ants to get his clothes back. And this shows that most Elissa them This was from his modesty. When you look at how the companions are the love I don't describe the modesty of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam they say the Messenger of Allah sallallahu

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selam was more modest than the virgin bride girl was more modest than the virgin bride girl. And the virgin bride girl. She's so modest and shy that even when she's asked, you know, are you ready to get married? her silence is her acceptance right? She doesn't even say Yes, she's ready to get married because she's too shy to even speak. And he described the modesty of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be even greater and more than that. Now, let us talk about the importance and virtues of higher the importance and virtues of higher and we want to take four different Hadith that talk about the virtues of higher and then explain them had this number one and

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higher over a man oh Corina, Jamie and Philadelphia Houma ruffian aka. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says higher and Eman are two companions that go together. If one of them is lifted, the other is also lifted. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam derives a direct correlation between higher and Eman. And how if one goes up, the other goes up, and if one goes down, the other must go down as well. Now how do we understand higher and the man over here? This goes back to our earlier discussion higher over here is understood as staying away from sin and Eman is understood as doing virtuous and good deeds. So here the Messenger of Allah

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that if you are becoming prone to sins, then the good deeds that you do will naturally go down. However, if you fight off the temptation to do those things, then even your good deeds will even go up. Ignore claim Rahim Allah commented on this hadith he says, the best way for an individual to increase his he is a man is to prevent himself from doing the sins that he commits is to prevent himself from the sense that he commits. So if you're an authority, Rahim Allah, when he talked about the times where he wasn't able to pray keyamo late, he says I was prevented from praying clear more late standing during the night, due to the sense that he committed

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during the day. So due to a lack of modesty in the day, he is unable to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala during the night, and as soon as he finished the issue that he was having, then all of a sudden he's able to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala during the night as well. So that is the relationship with higher and Eman. Number two is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he is he says, The Man Who will be the Uber server owner or bid on a show for us volu her co La ilaha illallah wa dinner her email to two other anecdotic will hire Oh sure, but one minute email. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says, He man has 70 some odd are 60

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some odd branches. The most virtuous of them is the statement that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. And the slightest of them is to remove something harmful from the road, and higher modesty is a branch of a man. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says, I'll hire sorry, Eman is divided into 70 or 60 odd branches. And Allah knows best the narration of 70 seems to be stronger and appropriate for this context. Why? Because generally when the term 70 is used, it doesn't mean just 70 it means that there are many, many, you know of them. So if you look inside Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala he tells the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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that even if you were to seek forgiveness, for the, for the hypocrites in the disbelievers 70 times, Allah would not forgive them. So does that mean if he was to ask 71 times that Allah subhanaw taala would not forgive them? No, because the point of 70 is not the actual number, but it is to show that there are many burning branches. So when you look at virtuous and good deeds, we learned that the the good doors the good deeds are many, many that are not just a few. The highest of them is the statement of La ilaha illAllah. Wa is the highest of Eman, the statement of La ilaha illAllah. Who can explain that to me?

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Why is the highest of Eman, the statement of La ilaha illAllah.

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Yes, and there's more to it than that. Go ahead.

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You can tell a man without La ilaha illAllah. That is definitely very true. But why does that make it the highest form of email?

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Go ahead.

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The answer was in light of guidance in 2011. Let us go back to our notes and look it up in shamba. Dave, so I think generally you guys are all on the along the same lines that this statement of La la la la. It doesn't represent just a statement right. It represents our

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submission to Allah subhana wa Tada. It represents the fulfillment of our creation. It represents the fulfillment of why the messengers were sent. It represents why Allah subhanaw taala revealed the books it represents why we struggle and strive hard in this dunya all of those encompass the statement of law in a llama saliva and Allah is not just a statement, but it is a way of life. Right? So people often get thrown off but you know, what's so significant about the statement? Like the highlight is not just a statement when you study the the

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what is the word I'm looking for?

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The conditions of La ilaha illAllah part of it is a sip well I'm an OB is being truthful and and acting upon it, right. So it's not just a statement, but it's developing it as a way of life. And eventually it comes down to that with like the halal law, your deeds are accepted, you are entered into paradise without Lyda halala your deeds are rejected and you're thrown into the Hellfire, then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, and the lowest part of it is to remove something harmful from the pathway is to remove something harmful from the pathway. The scholars understood this part of the Hadeeth to mean that it is not specifically removing the harm from the

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pathway, but it is removing any harm in general, right. So to remove even the smallest harm from someone is considered a virtuous and good deed. So you see a flaw a spot on the floor, that is what you dry it up so that no one slips on it, you see a banana peel on the street, you pick it up, so that no one slips on it. And in fact, there's a beautiful story from one of the students, when he was studying in Medina,

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that when he was in studying in Medina, he's sitting with his teacher in the car, and they're they're on the way home. And you know, typical driving in between everyone's driving like 110 120 kilometers, is like a student zone, their kids everywhere, no one cares. So they're driving home. And then all of a sudden, the teacher screeches the car breaks the car, and the student goes flying right into like the windshield, and he protects himself. And while he's like, you know, gathering himself, the T shirt goes out of the car, does something comes back into the car system article, and he start driving again. The students perplexed when he arrives home, he's like, look sick, I don't

00:32:19--> 00:32:59

mean any disrespect. And I don't want to pry, but I need to ask you, you know, what was it that you did when you got out of the car when you just jammed your brakes? Right? It was like such a strange experience. And then he tells the student, do you know what the biggest blessing is in the hereafter? and student out of his respect? He said, No, you know, please inform me. He says the biggest blessing is to see the beautiful face of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the individual does not know what did he may do that will allow him to spend an extra minute, an extra hour, an extra day in the company of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he had seen a bottle on the side of the road and

00:32:59--> 00:33:38

he thought to himself, that whatever this bottle, someone drives over it in ruins their tire, what if the heat, you know, explodes the bottle, it could cause possible damage. So he thought to himself panela you know, why not remove it from the path? But I want you to look at the mentality and the attitude. That why are we doing these small little deeds that no one else would pay attention to? We do them because we never know what that did is that will allow us to spend an extra minute an extra hour in the company of Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam called the lowest form of email. Then we conclude with this Hadith, where the

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Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, while higher o shabbaton. Mineral Eman and modesty and shyness is one of the branches of Eman is one of the branches of Eman. The lesson we derive from this is that one of the ways we get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Just like with the statement of the law and the law, just like with moving something harmful from the path is by instilling ourselves with modesty, just like we do those deeds to get closer to Allah than even a person instilling modesty inside of himself. Can I get him closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala hedis number three and higher. Amen, amen. Well, Emmanuel Jenna walburga Amina Jeffery well Jeff are often

00:34:24--> 00:35:00

not the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says HIA is a part of Eman and Eman is in paradise. lewdness is a part of hardness of the heart and hardness of the heart is in the fire. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that modesty leads a person to paradise, just like lewdness leads a person to the Hellfire, the wording of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, which says, well, better luminol Jaffa we'll just have enough, but that that means to become lewd to become you know, inconsiderate of how you present yourself to people.

00:35:00--> 00:35:43

That is what is minal jefa. This is from antipathy, when you stop caring, you know, towards anything that's happening, right? A person becomes apathetic towards something when you long no longer cares about it, right the world can be falling down is collapsing, he has no concern whatsoever. He has become apathetic to it. This is what jefa is a person becoming apathetic. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying that when shyness and modesty is taken away from the slave, the person will start to become apathetic towards people and towards the world, you will have no concern about it, you will have no concern about it. And then the last Hadith that we will

00:35:43--> 00:35:44

discuss

00:35:45--> 00:36:27

is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saying, in their liquidity Deen in Hoboken, or in the whole local, Islamic and hio every religion has a particular manner or characteristic, and the characteristic of Islam is higher, the characteristic of Islam is higher. So you'll notice that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi, wa sallam, and several Hadith, he uses this approach in language, where he talks about the most important description of it, and calls that by its name. So for example, when we talk about Toba, the Messenger of Allah Psalm says, and najmul Toba, that feeling remorse and regret, then that is repentance to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Even though there's

00:36:27--> 00:37:12

more to repentance than it, its main component is remorse and regret, and had you out of that Hodge is out of, there's more damage than just out of her. But the main component of our hedge is alpha. Similarly, over here, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying that every religion, it has a key characteristic. And the key characteristic of Islam is shyness and modesty, mean that yes, there are many other characteristics that a Muslim should have. But from the for most of them is to have higher, the foremost of them is to have higher, and this is very, you know, significant, to look at that. If our friends were to describe our key traits, and to describe our

00:37:12--> 00:37:47

characteristics, how many of us would have shyness and modesty in the top three of them, how many of us would have shyness and modesty as a top three of them? The reality is, and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best for the vast majority of us, if not all of us, shyness, and modesty wouldn't be, you know, in our top three, in fact, shyness and modesty, you know, is not even part of the vocabulary that we use anymore in this day and age, right. So it is something as Muslims that we take very, very seriously and it is something that we definitely have to revive something that we definitely have to revive.

00:37:48--> 00:37:53

Now with one of the last parts of our discussion before we conclude for automotive

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is shyness and modesty is one of the characteristics of Allah subhanho wa Taala shyness and modesty as one of the characteristics of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So is Allah subhanho wa Taala shy and modest? And the answer is yes, let us look at how three different ways in the law has the origin, how ye one sitting on your table, was, was settled by the Tesla hadoken failure status, that Verily Allah subhanho wa Taala has the attribute of great modesty and concealment, and he loves modesty and concealment. Therefore, if any of you is going to wash himself, he should conceal himself. And it was based upon this Hadith, that the scholars of the past considered it mandatory, that when you

00:38:40--> 00:39:22

take a shower, and when you take a bath, that you cover and conceal yourself. Now obviously in our day and age, this is not directly applicable, because we don't no longer take showers and baths in rivers and lakes, right we have our own private bathrooms. It has, you know, a screen around it. Even our bathrooms have door no one can see it. So therefore it is permissible to take a shower without any clothes on and you know, it's not considered sinful whatsoever. Now the point here is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam called Allah subhanho wa Taala by two of his name's number one is hi ye Yun IE one coming from shyness and modesty, hi Yun me coming from life

00:39:22--> 00:39:59

right so I understand the distinction. So when you say yeah how you yaku bureaucratic as the least. You're using high meaning coming from life The ever living, when you say hi ye even then this is coming from shyness and modesty and this too is one of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. The number two the second name he uses of Allah subhanho wa Taala is zero. And this is a discussion amongst the scholars that discuss the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala but they discuss that asset is actually not one of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. A sector is not one of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala it is in fact a city

00:40:00--> 00:40:36

If you look into Quran and you look in the narrations of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, you don't actually find the word setar. But you find the word to someone that's interested in naming their children, they should name their child of the city or, as opposed to of the town of satara still valid, because Allah subhanho wa Taala is a subtle but it is a name that is not found inside of the Quran and Sunnah within of itself. It is a name that is not found in the Quran and the Sunnah within of itself. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam affirms these two names, and these two attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that is the first form of modesty and

00:40:36--> 00:41:15

shyness of Allah subhanho wa Taala second form of modesty and shyness of Allah subhanho wa Taala is the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala himself has a hijab that he takes, right? Allah subhana wa Taala has a hijab of light that prevents the creation from seeing Allah subhanho wa Taala I showed you along on her, she asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, did you see Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said no, Allah had a hijab of light that prevented me from seeing him. And as when I showed the love, and I was so adamant and strict on this, that she used to say that anyone who claims that Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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saw Allah subhanaw taala indeed he has lied. Indeed, he has light. The third type of shyness and modesty of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Who knows it? What is the third type of modesty and shyness of Allah subhana wa tada

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

I'll come to you no one else gets it. Go ahead.

00:41:36--> 00:41:36

No,

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go ahead.

00:41:40--> 00:42:21

Fantastic, when the slave of Allah subhanho wa Taala raises his hands to Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah subhanho wa Taala is shy to turn the slave empty handed, a shy to turn the slave empty handed. And this is the third type of shyness that is mentioned in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that when we raise our hands to Allah subhanaw taala out of his shyness and modesty, Allah subhanho wa Taala never turns our hands away empty handed. Now I want to share a beautiful passage from a blog about this concept of shyness with Allah subhanho wa Taala he himolla he says, Whoever has the same attribute as one of the attributes of Allah, although the nature of

00:42:21--> 00:43:01

the attributes are completely different, that attribute will lead the person by its tight reins, it will allow him to enter upon his Lord and bring him closer to his mercy. He will become beloved to Allah subhana wa Tada. This is because Allah is merciful, and he loves those that are merciful. He is generous and loves those that are generous. He has the all knowing and he loves those that are knowledgeable. He is the strong, and he loves a strong believer who is more beloved to him than the weak believer, he is high up on the one who has extreme modesty and he loves the people of higher, he is beautiful and he loves the people of beauty. He is odd, and he loves the people who perform

00:43:01--> 00:43:38

the prayer with odd numbers of Raka meaning that they pray the wizard prayer. So everyone claimed Rahim Allah, he shares this beautiful reflection, that Allah subhanho wa Taala has certain attributes, that when we try to instill them within ourselves, we actually become more beloved to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he lists quite a few of them, showing mercy to people being generous, becoming knowledgeable, and he mentioned specifically, being modest, that all of these things when a person acquires them, while these are attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And its reality is Nautilus. I know it's all alone. As humans, when we acquire these attributes, we actually become

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closer and more beloved to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And then that is conclude with our last point of discussion. And that is, is there such a thing as bad hire as bad modesty and shyness? And the answer to that is yes, there are two types of shyness and modesty that are actually considered displays where the displays whether they're actually considered bad to have these characteristics. The two types of modesty that are discouraged and are in fact, sinful at times. Number one, is that when it prevents an individual from enjoying the good and forbidding the evil, so time for Salah comes, you're with your friends, you go and pray by yourself, but you don't command them to pray with you. Right? You see one of your close relatives,

00:44:29--> 00:44:59

you know that he's drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, perhaps even doing drugs. And when he does them in front of you, you think yourself but he's my elder it wouldn't look right if I said something. This type of modesty is actually discouraged. This type of modesty is actually discouraged and should not take place and should not take place. There is a beautiful narration by Abu Seidel. hoadley. He says, verily fever fear of the people must not keep one from speaking a truth he knows after narrating this hadith herbicides.

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We have seen things but we feared the people. And then he started to cry. And then he started to cry. It shows you that it's finally even this habit of the law. I know that it's human nature to feel afraid. It is human nature, to feel afraid. But part of one's shujaa one's a part of what's courage is that at the end of the day, one should only be afraid of Allah subhanho wa Taala and not of the people. And that is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he actually describes the highest form of jihad, what does he say? He says, the highest form of jihad is to speak a truthful word in front of a tyrannical leader. That is the highest form of jihad in terms of

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the highest form of courage that a person can have. The speaking of truth will word in front of a tyrannical leader. So bad form of shyness is that you think that you know what my elder what will the people think I shouldn't speak out. That is considered displays worthy, and of course, to be Rahim, Allah, He says, in fact, this is not modesty and shyness. This is cowardice and treachery, cowardice because you're a coward to speak the truth and treachery because you've taken a covenant Rama, Allah subhanho wa Taala, to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala alone and fear him alone. But now you're feeling the people more than you fear Allah subhanho wa Taala. The second type of modesty

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that is considered sinful, and this praiseworthy is the modesty that prevents one from seeking knowledge is a modesty that prevents one from seeking knowledge. So person has a very important question to ask. But due to their shyness, they don't ask it. They think it might be inappropriate to ask such a question, when in fact, I showed the law on her. She said that how amazing were the the woman of the unsought that they didn't feel any shyness and asking the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and was in fact, due to their not feeling shyness in this matter, that we learned so many elements of the hora and you know what to do after a man has relations with his

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family, and how one should clean themselves after they go to the bathroom? Because this is a part of human life. So there is no shyness and modesty in this. So when someone has a question of those of those matters, what should be respectful in terms of how he approaches it, but it shouldn't lead a person to not asking the question, it shouldn't lead a person to not asking the question.

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And the last thing I will mention about this hadith The last thing I will mention about this hadith

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is that

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if you look in all of the nominees 42 Hadith, you come to see that the statements of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are very, very small and short. Yet the meaning behind them is very, very profound. And this is seen in particularly in this Hadith, LLM test the hate for cinema [???]. If you feel no shyness, then do as you wish.

00:47:55--> 00:48:35

The commentators on a mama no is 40 Hadith they go out of the way to point this out, that the reason why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke such short and profound statements was so that it was easy for the people to remember, it was easy for the people to remember. And I think we know from this hadith halaqa Hamdulillah, we've taken quite a few Hadith that are very, very short, we should take it upon ourselves to memorize these statements, that even if we don't know the Arabic language, it is a stepping stone towards learning it that you have these small, easy to remember Hadith that will not only increase your vocabulary of the Arabic language, but you're

00:48:35--> 00:49:10

carrying a tradition of knowing the exact words and statements that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam spoke, and you know what bigger honor and privilege is that for a Muslim? That he's able to speak and say the same words that his messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke, right. So that's something important to keep in mind that I want to conclude with the lambda we have quite a few people who have become irregular and this Chanukah, even if you don't know Arabic, tried to memorize the shorter Hadith inshallah. You know one day you have to give a reminder after Salah you have to give a joke, whatever, you know, you have your proof ready at hand right there, and

00:49:10--> 00:49:43

inshallah we'll go a long way in you getting closer to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, through remembering his traditions and his narrations as well. I pray that Allah subhanaw taala instills shyness into us and it is fine with Allah beautifies us with shyness and modesty that Allah subhanho wa Taala takes away from us the shyness and modesty that his displays were the other was fine with the other forgives us for our shortcomings was a lot more cinematic and and the Vienna Mohammedan won early. He was so happy he was seldom we will open up the floor for questions and answers inshallah Tada. Go ahead.

00:49:44--> 00:49:44

Sure.

00:49:49--> 00:49:53

Mentioning someone else's mother, like her name

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in reaction

00:50:02--> 00:50:03

Of course.

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No. So this is like a cultural thing. So particularly, you know, I learned this the hard way while living in Saudi Arabia, you will never ask how someone's wife is doing. You never ask someone sister's doing never ask how someone's mother is doing. You just keep a general when you say in okay for Hello, Alec, okay? Look, you just keep it very general because in Arab tradition is considered very very impolite in a Why are you asking about my mom? You know what's your business my mom? Right? So that's the angle that they're coming from it from? So is it considered a form of modesty? No, we just say that this is a form of culture, whereas living in Canada so how is your sister

00:50:45--> 00:50:55

doing? How's your wife doing? No one blinks an eye twice at that right? So this is more of a cultural thing that we don't say is good or bad, but it is something that you know, it just varies from culture to culture.

00:50:57--> 00:50:57

lawanna

00:51:02--> 00:51:03

Yeah.

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So is your question Are we allowed to paraphrase headin over headed paraphrased in tradition? Are we allowed to paraphrase? And the answer to that is yes, Mr. Malik Rahim Allah, He established a Sunnah of the Maha Devi, where sometimes you know, a person doesn't have an opportunity to mention a long and Hadith. So you mentioned just a paraphrased version of the Hadith. And then he concludes by saying, Oh come upon an abuse of Allah when you say them, and it is like as the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, so if a person is to paraphrase Hadith, he should always give that disclaimer outcome according to view sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:51:49--> 00:51:51

inshallah, any other questions?

00:51:54--> 00:51:55

Fantastic. Go ahead.

00:52:01--> 00:52:05

What's your opinion on men's trousers and more garments?

00:52:07--> 00:52:09

recently was

00:52:19--> 00:52:19

fantastic.

00:52:21--> 00:52:57

You know, when you asked me the question, actually, that you've been asking, what's your opinion on wearing skinny jeans? And I was like, You know what, that's such an easy answer. Longley took in another direction. Fantastic. So the issue of men wearing their trousers above their ankles. This is an issue that has been no there is a valid difference of opinion. And I want to emphasize that term valid difference of opinion. So there's three main narrations that an individual has to know when discussing this topic. NARRATION number one, which is mentioned in Sohail Bukhari, where the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam says, Whatever is below the ankles shall be in the Hellfire

00:52:57--> 00:53:34

whatever is in below in the ankles shall be in the Hellfire Hadith number two is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that whoever wears his garments below his ankles with pride, then Allah will not look at him, purify him or speak to him on the Day of Judgment. This Hadith too, is also found in Bukhari. The third Hadith is the hadith of Abu Bakr radi Allahu, when Abu Bakar Allahu anhu. He tells the Messenger of Allah cinnamal messenger of Allah, unable to keep my garments above my ankle, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded by saying that, oh aboubaker you don't have to worry about this, because you're not someone that does

00:53:34--> 00:53:46

it out of pride. So you heard the scholars of Hadith go one way and the scholars go one way. So remember Buhari have been hijacked and other scholars of Hadith, they went towards,

00:53:47--> 00:54:26

you know, separation, when he said if a person wears his garments below his ankles, he is sinful. And if he wears it out of pride in his heart to show off how rich he is, then this becomes a major sin, then this becomes a major sin. So for them, there is no station where having your pants below your ankles is something that is disliked. The vast majority of the fuqaha the scholars of filk they said In fact, wearing one's trousers below one's ankles, isn't is just disliked, it's not Haram, it's disliked, and they use the proof of the statement that hadith of Abu Bakar radi Allahu Allah, they use the Hadith avacado de la vida. The scholars of Hadith responded to this by saying that this

00:54:26--> 00:54:54

was something exclusive to Abu Bakar de la one because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew this the state of his heart was for the vast majority of us. We do not know really if we're doing out of pride or not. The safer thing to do without a shadow of a doubt is that if you can stay away from that which is even disliked, that is better and I wish I had a pen and paper to to draw this for you. Does anyone have a pen on them? inshallah, and let me explain the semester properly to you.

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

So the biggest shoe I have ever seen in my life was Shaquille O'Neal.

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

If you go to footlocker they used to carry his shoe there. So we're going to take Shaquille O'Neal shoe today inshallah

00:55:06--> 00:55:08

and give you guys an example.

00:55:09--> 00:55:09

Okay.

00:55:10--> 00:55:22

So this is Shaquille O'Neal shoot over here. And this is Shaquille O'Neal's ankle. Okay. So when we talk about keeping your trousers above your ankle, the vast majority of people think

00:55:23--> 00:56:03

that keeping the trousers above the ankle means that it has to be physically above the ankle. When you look at what the scholars have, actually say, they say no, this is not the case. Keeping the trousers above the ankle means keeping it above the lower part of the ankle. So that second line that is there, and not the first line. Okay, so a lot of people think that, you know, what I'm wearing, as you can see, is the second line over here Shall I know, even my diagrams really small. But it's that second line over there, which is, as long as it's not going below the second, the bottom part of the ankle, you're still within the realm of this Hadeeth. So a lot of people think

00:56:03--> 00:56:34

that you know what, I'm wearing a suit, it's gonna look really awkward if I have my trousers above your ankles, and the answer is no, just keep it at that line, right? Just keep it at the level of your ankles, and most shoes, they come up to that level anyways. So we'll cover the top of your shoe and you're not going to look weird, and stick out. So that way you can implement to the suddenness, stay away from possibly sitting and stay away from that which is disliked. And at the same time, you're not going to look awkward and strange. Allahu taala. I hope that answered your question, Shawn. Last two questions, and then we break from awkward.

00:56:39--> 00:56:45

I'm not even gonna ask why are you wearing a costume? But go ahead. What if you're wearing a costume? I know what happens.

00:56:49--> 00:56:51

A built in sock.

00:56:54--> 00:56:56

I'm not gonna ask why you know what costumes are like?

00:56:58--> 00:57:13

inshallah, let me explain two things. Number one, is that the intricate details of Islam, young kids are not held accountable for as of yet. So in your situation in Sharla, the pen is still lifted on you enjoy any costumes, you want that it's not a big deal in Sharla.

00:57:15--> 00:57:26

As far as you know, that's a completely different matter. But in that situation, it is perfectly fine with Sharla. And I think as you get older, hopefully you'll get out of the trend of word costumes inshallah. Last question,

00:57:29--> 00:58:11

for sure, definitely. So is there a time where something Makoto becomes sinful? And the answer to that is two situations. Number one, a person continuously continues to do them without trying to quit. So at that time, they say less Virata malice rot, that there's no continuation of small sin upon continuation. And the same thing over here applies over here, that once a person learns something as makuu they're allowed to fall into it from time to time, but it is not something they should do, habitually or continuously. Number two, is if a person wants to intentionally embark upon the Makarov, to show that you know, he doesn't care that it's Michael. Right. So that sort of

00:58:11--> 00:58:25

attitude that even something mcgroove can become sinful because of the attitude that comes with it. We'll LaHood Salam salam wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam panicle ob hamdulillah Shinola in the highlands as the Furukawa Tsuboi illich