Channel: Navaid Aziz
Series: Navaid Aziz - Tafsir of Juz Ama
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him in an hamdulillah in China who want to still sort of want to be let him in surely and fusina woman sejati Amina de la palma de La da
da da da da da da La la la la sharika wash. Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira Am I bad? My dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
Last week, when we were doing certain ideas, there were a couple of verses that I missed out and I want to go back to those verses with Allah tala, the first verse that we missed out last week was in what in the Who? Allah Delica the Shaheed that indeed he bears witness to his deeds. Now over here the question of the pronoun that the in who who does it refer back to this refer back to mankind? Or does it refer back to Allah subhanaw taala. So you'll find that in the books of Tafseer, the scholars differed that one group said that it refers back to mankind, another group said that refers back to Allah subhanaw taala. And in such a situation, there's no problem in combining between the
two opinions, meaning that when it refers to the deeds, on the day of judgment, not only will mankind testify against himself, but Allah subhanaw taala will testify to his deeds as well, because on that day, as we mentioned last week, that mankind will not be able to escape what his hands and limbs will say. And you'll see that there's even more to it than just the hands in the limbs today, when bidding laitanan when we discuss results other than the verse after that we're in the Holy hubin Heidi ledger did that, indeed, he is very aggressive in his desire for money and for wealth. Now, you'll notice that the term that Allah subhanaw taala uses for wealth over here is not the
typical man. He usually when he talks about wealth, he uses the term man, but over here on this panel, Tyler doesn't use the term man, he uses the word higher. Now clip generally speaking, you would assume that it means goodness or it means righteousness or any act that you know may be considered Noble. But here Allah subhanho wa Taala. When you refer to the title over here, it is referring to wealth. And the proof for that is from sort of Bukhara when Allah subhanaw taala talks about leaving a will behind. He says quotevalet comida Hydra Hydra Kemal note in terra cotta Ronald was here, that here Allah subhanaw taala. He says that when death becomes you know, parents to any
of you or starts to approach you, then it becomes compulsory at that time, in taraka hibernal was here that he leaves a great car behind, meaning that he leaves our car that is plentiful. Now we'll see what we mean by that is an individual writes down a document that consists of his debts, you know, people that he wants to give wealth to, that are already not naturally inheriting from him. And then likewise, his burial process and any advice that he would like to give to his family that is what we'll see is referring to so those two verses were missed last week, and I wanted to cover them right now. Now let us start off with the soda that we're going to cover today with the
lightoller, which is similar to the Zelda soda to Zelda. And the Zelda Allah that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to in the surah is the earthquake that is going to happen on Yeoman piano. And it's such a massive earthquake that Allah subhanaw taala he talks about it at the very beginning of SoTL Hajj, at the very beginning of SoTL. Hajj Allah subhanaw taala. He says, and fear your Lord and know that the Zell's Allah of the Hereafter, the beginning of the day of judgment is indeed a great matter. Now an interesting thing to look at over here is why Allah subhanho wa Taala chooses the Zen center and in understanding the signs of Allah subhanaw taala. Number one, as you'll notice, in the
creation of Allah subhanaw taala, everything has a general logical flow, meaning that the sun will rise day and night and it doesn't stop, the new moon will come at the same time, the tides will come and go at the same time, the seasons generally will come and go at the same time. This is the logical flow that I'm referring to. So now, as we mentioned previously, on the day of judgment, all the bodies that are inside of the earth, they're going to need to come out. So while Allah subhanho wa Taala could have just told the dead bodies to come out of the grave. The logical progression that takes place at that time is that Allah subhanaw taala causes a massive earthquake and that is what
expels the bodies from the ground. So whether you died in the ocean, whether you were buried, whether you were eaten alive, whatever the case may have been, everyone at that time will be extracted from the ground due to this great earthquake that will take place. Now the point over here
Wireless panels and the talks about this is because if you look at the significance of an earthquake, how many people have actually, you know witnessed an earthquake themselves? Can I see your hands? When was the last time Calgary had an earthquake? Does anyone remember?
98 Okay, Mashallah, I tried looking it up, I couldn't find anything he was mentioned, like 70s and stuff. And I'm sure there must have been something after that. So we have a 98. Over here, in Sharla had the issue of the earthquake, you know, as a human being, we require certainty in almost all of our affairs, meaning that when we go home, we expect our homes to be there, and our furniture and then the families to be there. Same thing, when we go to work, we expect to have a job. So generally speaking, I would say about 95% of our lives are actually built upon certainty. Nautilus hanos, Allah, in this verse, he mentioned the Zen center, because the Zen Center is one of those things
that takes certainty away. Because one of the things that you're certain to that we're certain to as a human being, that when I walk, I'll be able to keep myself balanced. When I walk, I'll be able to control where I'm going. But in reality, on the day of judgment, when it began, begins, it is the exact opposite, that now when this earthquake happens, it's such a massive earthquake, that people are so overwhelmed that Allah Spanos Allah describes them as being drunk. Now, I'm sure you may have seen, you know, a drunk individual struggle. I remember this is about two weeks ago, on my way home on Deerfoot to getting off the Beddington exit, they actually had, you know, an alcohol test. And,
you know, I've always hoped that I get pulled over to do an alcohol test, just to say, you know, I haven't been drinking let me go, but I've never been pulled over yet. So even this time, you know, I'm stuck behind the cars, we're not going anywhere. And as we're stuck there, there's an individual to my right hand side. And it's the kind of love, you would think that by now, you know, after so many years of campaigns, people would realize it's not safe to drink and drive. This individual he got out of his car, they get on the breathalyzer test, you know, he's out of his mind, he has no idea what's going on. They're like, can you please walk on a straight line? And literally, you know,
not even for three steps, could you walk in a straight line, he put one step two step. And the third step he like, started to tumble over to his site. And this is like, you know, a reminder of that is what the Day of Judgment is going to be like, that you have such a severe shaking of the earth, that you tried to take a couple of steps and try to keep your balance, it's not going to happen. And that is why one of the reasons why Allah subhanaw taala describes the people as being drunk. Number two, the second reason why Allah subhanaw taala describes the people as being drunk is their state of mind. So you'll notice that when a person is intoxicated, what happens to his speech, his speech
starts to slur, and it doesn't make sense, you know, they'll go from one thought to the next thought, and it's not coherent at all. And that's what's going to happen that on the day of judgment as well, that people's speech, they're going to be so overwhelmed that it starts to slur and their speech will not be coherent, their speech will not be cleared. So this is the zensah that Allah subhanaw taala speaks about in the sutra, and he says, It zillertal out of those inside her that when the earth is shaken with its final earthquake, now you'll notice that Allah subhanho wa Taala, he starts off this surah by saying when meaning that this is a warning from Allah subhanho wa Taala,
meaning that is definitely going to happen, and you have to prepare for that day. So let's find out Allah doesn't say if, or he doesn't say that it happened in the past, but this is a warning for the future. And you'll notice that almost no other he gives these clear signs so that mankind will take heed. So the whole Koran within of itself is a warning for mankind. And that is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he described the Day of Judgment, he said that myself and the Day of Judgment came like this, meaning that there's not much time between myself and the Day of Judgment coming in other scholars different. What exactly did the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam mean? What they clearly understood is that one of the major signs of the day of judgment was the coming of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. So that was like the greatest sign that the day of judgment was now coming in here. And that was like one of the major signs that the Day of Judgment is now coming near. But the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, he went like this. And now we notice that, look, we're still alive 1400 years later. So how do you make sense of this? Hadeeth? Who can answer this? How do you make sense of the headache, the messenger systems, we came like this, and we're still alive 1400 years later, go ahead.
Do the history.
sense, excellent. That the closest that the messenger bot system is speaking to is relative to the existence of the Earth itself. Now the earth as we know scientifically proven, has been you know, around millions and millions of years. So 1400 years out of those millions of years, relatively speaking, it is nothing at all. It is nothing at all. And that is how that Hadith is understood.
Now Allah subhanho wa Taala. When talking about this delta, he talks about that the earth will throw out a Scala. Now the term thicken over here, it generally means to something that is heavy and burdensome. So when you're carrying a box, and you want to say that, you know, this box is heavy, you would say that this box is stuck in, and it's burdensome. Now, similarly, when the earth carries the body, it becomes burdensome as well. Now, why is it burdensome upon the earth, because the vast majority of individuals that will be swallowed by the earth and buried inside the earth, unfortunately, are not going to be righteous people and the earth, it carries the burden of this
responsibility, that a time will come where it will have to expel these individuals. And you'll come to see in the very next verse, that is not only about expelling the bodies from the earth, but the earth now has the responsibility to testify against them. So the burden that is being referred to in this verse is not just the burden of weight. In reality, you'll notice that the body disintegrates, and Allah subhanaw taala will rebuild it for the Day of Judgment. But the burden that the earth is speaking about, is the burden of testimony, meaning that on the Day of Judgment, when the earth has to testify, it's going to be a very burdensome act upon the earth itself. Now, verse number three
will call insano mother, the mankind will see on that day that you know what's wrong with the earth, why is it continuously and perpetually shaking. So it is something that mankind will not even understand. And this shows you span Allah, Allah subhanaw taala, he knows the state of the human beings at that time, that even though Allah subhanaw taala has given us this forewarning, that look, this day of judgment is going to come, one of the signs is going to be this great earthquake, even then, people would not have taken heat that they're going to ask, you know, why is the earth shaking, they won't recognize even that the Day of Judgment is beginning at that time, they won't
recognize even that the Day of Judgment is being at that time. And that is why they will ask, you know what is with the earth, that it keeps shaking perpetually. Now important thing to understand is, is the progression of events that will happen to begin the day of judgment. So the very first thing that happens when the Day of Judgment begins, is the blowing of the trumpet. So the angel, he will blow the trumpet the first time, and anyone that is alive at that time will actually die. And as we know, it is the worst of creation that will be alive just before the day of judgment. This is literally just before the day of judgment, after the killing of the vigil, after he saw a salon
going to the mountain and the believers passing royally. Allah subhanho wa Taala leaves the worst of creation a life. And once the worst of Krishna or life of people that will not even you know, recognize the statement of Laila halala, then an angel will come at that time, a Trumpet will be blown. And it will be a deafening sound, meaning it will be absolutely overwhelming that a person will be knocked out completely. And that is the first step of the Day of Judgment. Now the scholar is different in terms of how many times will the trumpet be blown thereafter, in order for resurrection to begin? And the default? Will it be two times will it be three times the opinion of
the majority is that it will only be blown two times the first time is to knock everyone out. And then the second time is to commence the deal judgment and the events. So now, once the second trumpet is blown, according to the opinion of the majority, that is when the earth starts to shake and starts to expel everyone that is in the ground, the earth will start to shake, and it will start to expel everyone that is that is in the ground. And then when they're resurrected, they're such in such a state of shock in such a state of being overwhelmed that they start to ask, you know, why is the earth shaking? And what is happening? And we mentioned this last week and I'll repeat it again,
for the sake of benefit that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he mentioned that all of mankind, he will they will be raised in a state of heightened auditing than in the state without any clothes on and in the state that they originally came out in, meaning that they were uncircumcised. I showed a doula Juana she asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the auto sola, Won't that be embarrassing for the people me that won't people look at one another and want to be, you know, embarrassed and want to be, you know, shy and covered themselves. The Messenger of Allah Selim he responds by saying that the affair will be greater than that on that
day, meaning that the affair of the Day of Judgment, it's going to be so overwhelming that a person will not care about the nudity of another individual. He is going to be concerned about the events on that day, meaning what is happening right now. And then number two, is that he has to get ready to prepare himself to answer to Allah subhana wa Tada. He has to get ready to prepare himself to to answer to Allah subhanho wa Taala in verse number four, almost no to Allah goes on to say Yo ma even to have this to
Naropa ohana, that that day, it will declare its information, because its Lord inspired it. And this is what I was referring to the last week we talked about on how even the hands and limbs will testify towards an individual. And here it was fine without even tells us the land that we are on, it will testify to the deeds that we did. And this is the burdens burden that the land has, that the blind recognizes who is the righteous individual, and who is the evil individual. And it will be made to testify on that today. Now, there are a couple of issues related to this. Number one is, you know, how does this work? Exactly? And is this something that we're encouraged to keep in mind when
we do good deeds? And the answer to this is Yes, that was an individual is doing good and bad deeds, he needs to keep this in mind that even the earth will testify to the deeds that he does. And the the basis for this is the Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari, in the chapter of the event, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, he gives an advice to everyone. He says that, omo Ivan, if you're able to raise your voice as much as possible, then raise your voice for indeed, on the day of judgment, even the trees and the rocks will testify to the call that you gave, even the trees and the rocks will testify to the call that you gave. Meaning that now obviously, this is not referring to a time where
you have microphones, there's no need to show that, you know, the microphone system ends up blowing up. How many of you know shakhriyar check the others as he, a couple of you. He's an instructor with our modem Institute. And Mashallah the shape is very, very energetic. And you know, several times not even just once, like, several times, I've been with him, and you know, he's been using the mic, he is extremely energetic, he starts shouting, no table starts shaking, things start falling, he's jumping on tables, you people will know him, you know, they'll understand what I'm talking about. And, you know, literally times the mic is like blown out. So obviously, we're not talking about that
time where the model is giving me a down on the mic, he starts shouting, and you know, the microphone system goes up. No, we're talking about a time when the person is out in public, he should try to raise his voice as much as possible in giving the event as long as he's not, you know, disturbing the people around him. So it doesn't mean that you know, tomorrow morning, you wake up for budget, you're like, yeah, we're supposed to raise our voice for that. I'm gonna go in my backyard and say, Allahu Akbar, no, that's not what we're talking about. This is akin in a situation where, you know, maybe you're out in a public park, you're out in the forest, no one else is there,
you're not bothering anyone, give me a download all of the trees that are there, all the animals that are there, all the land is that is there, it will testify for you. So this is something to keep in mind, in terms of good deeds and bad deeds, that not only will you yourself, testify against yourself on the Day of Judgment, but also the land that exists, it will testify from the trees and the rocks and the earth and all of it as well. Who has the phone? We can turn that off, please, inshallah. It's in the back. He's praying inshallah. So, number two, in terms of,
you know, the earth testifying in terms of the earth testifying, the issue arises that how will the earth testify? Is this something meaning that the earth will actually speak? Or is it just going to give a sign? Or what will actually happen? Now, this goes back to understanding what is the origin in speech, the origin in speech? Is it meant to be taken literally? Or is it meant to be taken metaphorically? Now, when it comes to the Koran specifically, the Quran is meant to be taken on its appearance, the Quran is meant to be taken on its appearance. Now, this is a balance between something being taken literally, and something being taken metaphorically, what does that mean? When
something is taken literally, it means that you take it for the letter itself mean that you do exactly what it says. But when somebody is taken to the apparent, it means you look at the context of the verse, along with the wording, and along with the wording. So you look at the context, along with the wording. And in something which is metaphorical, it means that you know, what, you don't pay too much attention to the actual letter of the command. But you look at the context, and perhaps, you know, other signs inside of the structure that will indicate that it's not taken literally that is not taken literally. So the essence in the Quran, is that the Quran is meant to be
understood by everyone. So these literal devices for, you know, symbolism and for using metaphors, they're not used as much, because even the most intelligent person is meant to understand it, as well as a person that is not as intelligent, so it's for all species of mankind. So that is why you will notice that this is the general rule. This is from the wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala. And this is in accordance to our own intellects. So now when Allah subhanaw taala says that it will speak because it has been revealed to it to speak. Allah knows best with the apparent meaning over here is that there since there is no literary devices to indicate that it is
meant to be metaphorical, then this means on the appearance, that the ground itself will actually speak that the ground itself will actually speak. Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say in the next verse, Yama is in your store on natural estate and the auto Armada home that that day mankind will proceed in scattered groups, that may be an issue, they may be shown their deeds. So here is my note, Allah talks about that now people have been scattered, they've been resurrected, they've come out of the ground, and they actually start scattering into groups. Now why did they scatter into groups This is something very important to understand that you'll notice that in this day and age
are not even in this database. As part of being human. We always flock to people that we have similarities with. So someone comes from a similar country with you for comes from India or Pakistan, from you know, Nigeria from Somalia will generally tend tend to hang around the people that you know, we have a common culture with or have a common likings with our common disliking swith. But on the Day of Judgment, it's not about these petty and trivial things, like you know, our ethnicities or our likes and dislikes. But on that day, when people get scattered into groups, it's about, you know, what did you stand for and belief for me? What did you stand for? Like the handler?
Did you believe in like the handler? If you did, then you're going to be with those group of people? Did you rebel against like the handler? Did you not testify Delilah, then you'll be scattered into another group, then you'll be scattered into another group. And that is when you will see that Subhana Allah, again, this concept of foreseeing signs, it starts from this dunya Allah subhanaw taala talks about this, you know, earthquake, because we can recognize what an earthquake looks like. And it is a sign that each time there is an earthquake, it is a reminder that something greater than this earthquake is going to happen in the hereafter. No, similarly, this concept of
uniting and becoming groups, it is something that Allah subhanaw taala allows to happen in this dunya as well. So the people that we hang around with, we become small groups. Now, these small groups are a reminder for the people of intellect, and the people who reflect that the small groups that you see right now, there are a further sign that on the Day of Judgment, people will break down into groups as well. But on that day, it will be a separation between truth and falsity. And this shows you the power of reflection, that Allah subhanaw taala in the Quran, he talks about these various signs, and our whole life is filled with these signs that are there to remind us about Allah
subhanaw taala and the Day of Judgment. So the very fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala created, you know, birds of a feather flock together is a very sign that is indicative of the fact that it's going to happen on the Day of Judgment, but on the greater proportion. That's not just about commonalities anymore. It's about where did you stand in terms of the statement of Laila Mohammed rasulillah, because that will be the deciding factor. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala. He goes on to say, for me, I'm a scholar Ratan hieron era. So it goes on to say whoever does good equal to the weight of an atom or a small ant shall see it. So now, last week, we talked about how tafsir it will
vary based upon where the Quran was revealed. So when we were talking about ideas, they were those animals that raced forward, the scholars that said that the idea is a mannequin Sora and refers to the people of Makkah, they said that you know what, this is referring to the camels, because it can't be the horses because of the concept of fighting hadn't been revealed at that time. So it was referring to the the cameras that used to take the people for Hajj. But then those people that said, you know, what, no, this is referring to something from Medina, and Allah subhanaw taala here is referring to the horses, and at that time, the concept of fighting had already been introduced. Now
similarly over here, we refer we get into a new concept is that can one use scientific progression to interpret the Quran? Can one use scientific progression to interpret the Quran? And this is why you'll see that when you read the Noble Quran, when you read the translation, it will say the weight of an or a small ant. So traditionally speaking, the scholars of Tafseer, they said that the term is zero, it means a small ant. And those are like the tiny little baby ants, the times you know, when you've gone for a picnic, and they like scatter around you those tiny little ants. That's what vara is referring to. And that is what the majority of the scholars have mentioned. Why did they mention
this? For two reasons. Reason number one, is that this was the smallest thing that was known at the time of Revelation, meaning the concept of knowing an atom within of itself was not known. The concept of knowing an atom was not known within of itself. So let's find out what Allah would use an example that the people could relate to and the people could comprehend. So the third Allah that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to over here, they said is referring to
The small act. Now as time progression progresses, human beings recognize that there are things that are smaller than the act. And then they went on to translate it, look interpret this, that what is the point over here is a list of I know what Allah trying to signify, you know, a virtue of the ant? Or is the concept that Allah subhanaw taala speaking about that the smallest and most minute thing that comes to mind? And that is why you see that the scholars have the vertical approach, again, that, you know, is the Quran meant to be taken literally, in terms of its interpretation? Or can we have some sort of progression. So those scholars of the year that said, you know, what, we allow
some sort of progression, as long as the general meaning is retained, they went on to update their interpretation of the Quran, and they no longer used small end, but rather, you know, mankind had now discovered this atom, and we've gone into, you know, further discoveries soon to make it even even smaller than an atom itself. But they updated their transition of the quad core on to say that whoever even does an atom's weight, of good or bad shall see it on that day. So now the question arises, you know, what are guidelines that one needs to keep in mind in terms of this progression, and what is allowed, everyone agrees upon, is that the meaning that you derive should not contradict
the meaning of our predecessors. So all of the predecessors, they agreed that the lesson that we're trying to derive from this verse is that even the smallest and most minute things will be taken to account whether they be good or bad. So that is the lesson that we're trying to derive. And then what you use as an example, to derive that lesson is almost irrelevant, not completely irrelevant, but almost irrelevant. Because the point that I noted is trying to explain to us that the smallest thing that you can think of good or bad, a person will be held accountable for it on that day, and the person shall indeed see it. Now you'll notice that Allah subhanaw taala, he repeats the same
sentence structure twice for me, I'm gonna miss color dot rotten siren era when may or may miss Carla rotten, Sharon Yara. So the only word that changes is the, you know, the good and bad over here. Now, this brings us to a discussion that we had in the past, which is the concept of, you know, seeing your deeds and the concept of what will be wait. Previously, we introduced two opinions, that when we talk about the scales on the Day of Judgment, we talked about two things that could possibly be weight. We said opinion, number one, is that it is the deeds themselves. opinion. Number two, we said that no, it's not the deeds that are going to be weighed, but rather it is
scrolls that are going to be brought forth. And it's the scrolls that will be wait. And then opinion number three, is that you know what, it's not the deeds, nor is it the scrolls, but in fact, it's the individual themselves. Now, let us look at proofs for all of these opinions. opinion. Number one, we said that it is the deeds that will be Wait, and that is the deeds that will actually be seen. And the verses that we see in this verse, they actually promote this opinion. And in fact, you will see that the vast majority of the Koran and the vast majority of the Sunnah actually promote this opinion. You look at the very, very last Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari, Allah subhanho wa Taala is
the messenger system he talks about two words that are beloved to Allah subhanho wa Taala. They are light upon the tongue, yet they are heavy upon the skills, who knows what those two words are?
Exactly, Chapin Allah will be handy hints of heinola highlighting that these two statements the Messenger of Allah so some describes them as saying that they are light on the tongue, beloved to Allah subhana wa Taala and heavy on the skills. Now have you on the scales? Meaning that it is these deeds that will actually have some weight? It is these deeds that will actually have some Wait, opinion number two, we say that is actually the scrolls that will be brought forth. Who remembers the proof for that? What is the proof that it is the scrolls that will be wait, go ahead.
I get the point, but continue.
summarize it to the best of your ability.
Do you remember what this headache is called an Arabic accent. So the Hadith of the pataka found in Sohail Bukhari where the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam talks about a man that has committed so many sins, that they are written down on scrolls, and there are 99 of them and each scroll as as long as you know as far as the eye can see another narration as far as the distance between the East and the West. Now this individual thinks that he's destroyed that he's destined for the Hellfire, but then Allah subhanaw taala calls
The angels and the angels bring him his good deeds. What does he have? This one called, it's not a scroll is just a card, it's a big talker. And on this card is written in the statement of La ilaha illAllah. They understood court is written that there is no one worthy of worship, except Allah subhanaw taala, meaning that this individual lived with the heat. And now you'd think that 99 schools against one bit, aka, the logical thing to understand is that you know, the scores would outweigh the pataka. But Allah subhanaw taala shows the weight of 30 shows, you know, the strength of this concept of monotheism in Islam, the very basis of our faith and religion, that this is what
will end up saving that man. So even though he may have committed since he never committed check with Allah subhanaw taala to negate his monotheism. And as long as he didn't do that, then the small sins that he committed Allah subhanaw taala will pardon him. And this clears this hadith is very explicit about scrolls and the court, there is no mention of weight of the actual deeds themselves. And then the third opinion, where it is the individual themselves that will be wait. And this is based upon the Hadith in Sahih Bukhari as well. We're one day it was a very windy day, and Abdullah bin Masuda the Allahu anhu, was by a tree. And when he was by this tree, or he was climbing this
tree, his his are moved to the side, and his shins and his legs became, you know, apparent to the people. And they were very, very thin. So the people, of course, they started to mock up the lumisource, that, you know, you know, this is the Muslim he's supposed to represent Islam, then look at this weak and feeble individual, what is he ever going to do? Then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he took an oath. He says, By Allah, these, you know, legs that You're mocking and making fun of, they'll be heavier on the scales than a mountain on the Day of Judgment. There'll be heavier on the scales than a mountain on the Day of Judgment. So this hadith alludes to
the fact that maybe it's the individual that will be Wait, maybe it's an individual, that will be wait. So now the discussion arises, how do you reconcile between all of these narrations? And this is how this has been a theological debate from the past that you know, what is it that will be, you know, weight and will be judged on the Day of Judgment. Now, there's a general principle that we'll introduce today, which is a gem, our laminate or jif, which means that if you can reconcile between texts, and come to a common ground between texts, that is preferred, than to give preference of one opinion over the other, meaning that if you can reconcile between opinions, and bring all of the
opinions together, to have some weight in the truth, that is preferable in Islam, then to say that one opinion is preferred over the other. So if you go back to our example that we began with, from certain ideas, where Allah subhanaw taala talks about, you know, who will be a witness on that day? The Who is it referring to Allah? Or is it referring to the human beings, so the scholars of Tafseer held both of these opinions. And we will consolidate by saying that, you know, there is no contradiction in both Allah subhanaw taala and mankind being a witness against himself. Similarly, over here, one of the scholarship of no famous law, he comments on this verse by saying, and there's
no contradiction, that if Allah subhanaw taala uses all three of these, meaning that some people, they will be waited themselves, because they are a manifestation of the actions that they did. Likewise, for some individuals, it will be scrolls that will be there, meaning that in order to show the great amount of sin that they committed, Allah subhanaw taala brings it out on schools, because, you know, it's such a great amount of sin, and another individual, it will be that Allah subhanho wa Taala brings their good deeds and bad deeds in front of them. So he mentions that in such a situation, there is no harm in reconciling between all these opinions and saying that all of them
will possibly take place. And then the ultimate truth and reality is with Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. Now the lessons that are being derived from this verse number one, is that Allah subhanho wa Taala is asking us to reflect on the science mean that Allah subhanaw taala has given you signs in this dunya that are going to further take place in the hereafter. So the concept of an earthquake, it is a reminder of the earthquake on the Day of Judgment. Similarly, when we have an eclipse, that Eclipse is a reminder of the major Eclipse on the Day of Judgment, all these are signs to turn back and to repent to Allah subhanho wa Taala and to recognize him as a Arab and as an ala, meaning Arab,
as in our sustainer and creator and as an ala, the one that we worship alone. Number two is that one of the major events of the day of judgment is this shaking of the ground, where people will be thrown out of the ground, and they will wake up as if they're in a state of intoxication, but they will not be in that case. They will be overwhelmed. Number three,
The lowest hanging fruit Allah talks about the things that will testify against one another. So previously, we took the hands and limbs to testify against you. In this verse, Allah subhanaw taala talks about how even the ground and the earth that right now does not talk, even that will testify against you. Now, I just want to go on a small tangent over here, a person, you know, may ask, particularly when it comes to the concept of, you know, deeds being weighed. And this is our point number four, that our deeds will be weighed. And you know, they'll be made apparent to us. How will you know, the deeds be given any weight, you know, the statement of,
you know, Panama will become the Hispaniola, he loves him. How do you weigh a statement? How does that actually hold any weight. Now, the scholars of the past, they emphasize this concept of time and time again, that when it comes to matters of the unseen when it comes to matters of faith, your intellect can only go so far. And spam. I bring this up, because today there was a very, very good article that was written by our actually it was released by Chicago, he said, net Mottola. So those of you who are on his Facebook page, you can look at it from his Facebook page, those of you who are not on Facebook, go to the website first ethical.com first ethical.com. And he talks about the
statement of amendment that would be a human law, where he says that an individual that has a great amount of intelligence, but his intelligence leads him to disbelief is of absolutely no use. Whereas an individual may not have a great amount of intelligence, but he has taqwa that is greater in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then this great amount of intelligence. Now, the reason why I mentioned that is because mankind human beings, they become diluted, that once a person attains a certain level of intelligence, he starts to become diluted, he starts to become arrogant, he starts to become, you know, to make an authority out of himself, mean, just because I don't understand
something from the Quran, or something from the Sunnah, then it must be wrong, or it must not make sense. But in reality, this should never be the case. Just because you do not understand something, it does not mean it that is not true. It just means that there's a, you know, a fallacy in your understand there's a shortcoming in your understanding, because the second you starts to believe in a God, the second you start to believe in a God, and you recognize that he sent it down this revelation, and he is the one who created you as well, then that necessitates that there will never be a contradiction between the sound intellect and revelation itself, because they both come from
the same source. So either there's a deficiency in God, and that is not possible, or there's a deficiency in your intellect. And that is what we claim. So when the time comes, we don't understand something, the very first thing you need to understand is that the very word Islam, it means submission, that you submit to those things that are beyond the scene that you believe in the unseen, you submit to those things that may not make sense to you, but you put your faith in it because Allah subhana wa tada revealed it. So now the question of, you know, how will these deeds be weighed? How will they be given the weight? Allah subhanho wa Taala gives a greater example, that on
the day that once you know judgment is done, the inhabitants of Paradise and paradise the inhabitants of Hellfire and the Hellfire, both of these parties are called, and they will be called all inhabitants of the paradise or inhabitants of the hellfire. Are you where you are meant to be? And they will testify? Yes. And then Allah subhanaw taala will bring death. Now how do you bring death to a physical form yet unless I know that Allah brings death to a physical form in the form of a sheep, and that sheep will be killed. And then it will be announced that you were in your destinations or in your abode, forever at that time, that the inhabitants of Paradise are forever in
Paradise, and the inhabitants of the Hellfire are forever at that time in the hellfire. So now that being said, that is what you know, we want to the fourth lesson we need to derive from this, that the deeds being weighed, you may not comprehend it, you may not understand it, but submit to it and derive the lesson we're trying to derive from it, that we're Allah subhanho wa Taala to the best of your ability and realize that never belittle any good deed. Because you think you know what, it's so trivial that Who cares if I do this good deed or not? And this is why the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam said, When Kiran Amina Murphy said, Don't belittle any good deed, and at the same time, don't
belittle any sin as well. That don't think that you know what, it's only a minor sin. When I pray, Allah will forgive me for that sin when I make what do I'll be forgiven for? When I go for a hydrometer, I'll be forgiven for that sin. No, that's not the case. You notice what I'm delivering my pseudo to the love and who says he says that when it comes to sin, the believer, he looks at the sin as if it is a mountain upon his shoulders, that's very, very weighty. He's waiting for Allah subhanaw taala to hold him accountable for it, and he doesn't know if he would be forgiven. Whereas it is the hypocrite that you know treats his sin as if it is a fly on his nose. He thinks if he
waves it away, that is going to disappear. But in reality, that is not the case. And we'll conclude with that to be the lights Allah, Allah Subhana Allah knows best or sell a lot more cinematic either in the beginning
Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam, we'll take three questions with the lights on. Go ahead. Okay, your brother in the back?
Excellent question. Very good question. The brothers question just to repeat it is that when a person is resurrected on the Day of Judgment, what state? Are they resurrected in? You know, when they died? When in the early infancy stages? What state? Are they resurrected in almost minute Allah knows best, the ultimate reality, or what state we are resurrected in? What we do know is the age of the people of Paradise, the age of the people in paradise. So if one can assume that it's you, no one, no one enters paradise in the same form, as he is judged in then they mentioned that he is in his 30s. At that time, he's in his 30s when he enters paradise, and Allah subhanaw taala knows best
question to question about.
So I'm just wondering,
when they will be resurrected, and they say, Oh, we were just left half a day or a portion of your day, wake up beta sub three, it appears that there is no
more I'm just a little confused, because it is not
mentioned in this, right. How does one understand things like that when he says I woke up on resurrection? Who was who woke me up? I made?
Right, excellent. So now in terms of the issue of edible Kava, Allah subhanaw. taala, doesn't directly refer to it in the Koran, but through the books of Tafseer, it is indirectly referred to so when Allah subhanaw taala talks about punishment taking place before punishment, or then being punished twice. The first type of punishment that Allah refers to is the punishment in the grave. And then the second type of punishment is the punishment in the hereafter. So even though explicitly the concept of a double cover isn't mentioned, then, implicitly it is mentioned. Number two, is
are you can you help me out?
You remember a verse number though?
we'll get it for you after inshallah, we'll have to look that up. But there's quite a few places actually wouldn't even want you to soar to the cathode? Do we not discuss that? On this automaton McCandless with a color? No.
No, it doesn't mention that. And so it's
nighttime. Now in terms of this concept of
the second part of your question, where in order who Why will it be seems so short for some individuals? This is a good question to ask in terms of when does an individual feel that time is very short? I'm asking you this question. At what stage in your life? Do you feel that time is very short? and old age? No, that's not what I'm referring to, when you're having a good and pleasant time. So you notice that when you're having a good time, time seems to pass by very quickly. So those verses that talk about that, you know, we were only in the gray for a short amount of time, this is referring to those individuals, that their graves were actually blessed that they had a
window to paradise and Allah subhanaw taala bestowed some of those blessings so that when the day of the judgement begins, that time passes by so quickly, they literally it feels like it was only half of a day, or part of a day.
when they woke up, they said the same thing.
I mean, that's a different case scenario, Allah subhanaw taala created them as a sign, you know, that's not the general case scenario, that someone will fall asleep for 300 years, right. That's not the general case scenario.
Excellent. But the point I'm trying to say is that there is a concept of enjoyment. And there's a time in our concept of Allah creating it as a sign was the hub. They were created in sight. And they weren't necessarily you know, enjoying their sleep at that time. And Alyssa panatela knows best. The third and last question. We have six questions and love
that you're gonna go with Ibrahim, we're gonna go with the room, everyone else will answer your questions after lunch.
Are you going to walk on some land? We pray that Allah subhanaw taala never puts us in that situation.
And that situation, Allah subhanaw taala will cause people to die in the Hellfire and they will be resurrected and punished again and they will die and they'll be resurrected. And this will continue happening until Allah subhanaw taala wants it to stop. So in terms of is it just fire? No, it's not just fire. There's more than fire there will be you know, rivers of like blood and rivers have like boiling liquid and stuff. I don't want you to have nightmares tonight. So I'm not gonna give too many details. But yeah, there's more than just boiling fire. mela protect all of us will conclude with that big night Allah subhanho wa Taala behind the shadows.
In the heartland of America, we're a tubal illich we'll see you guys next week was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh