The Prophets Prayer #12 – Fatiha Issues in Salah
Channel: Musleh Khan
File Size: 32.97MB
hamdulillah he no matter who won a star you know who won a star federal or in our all the below him in Chile and fusina women see tiara Marina Mija de la who furthermore blue letter will know your little fella heard Yella? Why shadow Allah Allah illallah wa de hula Sheree Keller was shadow Mohammedan Dabba Doo What are solo sallallahu IE who are early he was herby woman sell Dr. Lerner to woman stinted be so nutty Hilario Medina, Barrett. Salaam Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
So tonight insha Allah who Tara, this is, I think session 10 that we have of the prophets prayer described. And we are now at the AutoCAD of the sada the AutoCAD or the pillars of the prayer and the pillars of the prayer are many. And inshallah we will try to go through every single one of them before we go on to the other categories, where we will talk about the Sunnah acts of prayer and the YG bat acts of prayer as well.
The very first rochen of a Sala, we have discussed it already, which was the intention of the solder and then immediately after will come the Surah Fatiha. We will also talk about the tech via the saying Allahu Akbar and beginning the prayer like this. This is also part of the autoconf of vos Allah. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us for Kabira to say the tech beer when you begin the prayer, this automatically eliminates anybody to start prayer in any other method. So you can't say Bismillah and start praying you can say Amen, it always has to be that beer of Allahu acabado. We talked about why the wisdom of Allahu Akbar is in the prayer in our past discussions. We
talked about when we discussed the secrets of the prayers by Eben Pagan Mahima. Who Loved we talked about one of the wisdoms or the secrets behind saying Allahu Akbar is this just literally sets the tone of what prayer is all about. It's to adhere and to affirm the fact that Allah Allah azza wa jal is the greatest, you affirm that by bowing to him you affirm that by prostrating to him, and you affirm that by constantly praising him and seeking Dora to him subhanho wa Taala them, but coming now to Sula to Fatiha
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us in an authentic hadith narrated in Bukhari and Muslim that the person when they wake up for the Sala, they should perform a perfect will do for sbl will do. So they should perform a proper will deal with all of the implications that should be done right and everything should be done correctly. And we went through the steps of the will do and we've done this discussion as well. Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after saying that when you go to the prayer and you say Allahu Akbar, it should start off with the Fatiha. Now there are some doors that you can say the door are called the center. And then there are other doors that
involve certain poradnik verses that can also be said. But when it comes to the fact to home, there are a number of different rulings that come about the prophets of the law Holly who was once called this fat our the suitor, the mother of the entire quarter, and that is a very profound statement to make. Imagine you call this one Sora the mother of a laws book, everything about a laws book is entailed, and it's restricted into this one surah everything that you want to know about who Allah azza wa jal is, is found in this one sorta just listen to the way it starts. It starts off by praising Allah azza wa jal al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen So who is Allah? Allah is or Rob bhullar
Allah mean he is the master the guardian. He is the carer the protector of all of mankind. Tell me a little bit about who Allah azza wa jal is, well the first thing that you should know is, uh, hamdu Lillah. All praises due to Allah and I'm going to tell you his name as well. His name is Allah. All of this is found in the first verse and the first fact you have. The reason why you start off the Salah this way is that you affirm in your heart and in your practice who you're going to be praying to. So you start eliminating all the distractions. You start stop thinking about life and work and school and things
Like that you start to put all of this behind us. This is one of the ways that you know, when a person has a sealed heart, or a heart that is a customer tool. It's a hardened heart. One of the ways that you know is that the greatest acts of worship that I'll let you do for Allah becomes like a routine, it becomes like cooking, it becomes like sleeping. So Salah ends up becoming the same way. This is one of the ways that you know, Allah has stamped that heart of that individual. And Allah azza wa jal tries to change all of this, tries to change all of this by setting the tone al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil. alameen introduces himself, he doesn't need any introduction, but he tells us
who he is.
Tell me a little bit about who Allah is. That's where it continues on. Man. Od Rahim. The first thing that you should know about Allah azza wa jal is that He is the Most Gracious the Most Merciful. A chef Abdul Rahman assadi Rahim Allah tells us in his Tafseer that these two things the men and outgrow him, these are two different types of mercies from Allah. One of them is for us here in the dunya, including the non Muslims, whereas the other is restricted only to them. I mean, on a normal piano. That's why in this world, even the non Muslims You don't have to be a be a believer specifically to be under that general protection of allies. So again, so certain earthquakes and
things like that it's not just going to affect one group of people, but it's going to be protected from all those individuals. That's a type of Rama or mercy that Allah gives. That is for that. That's for everyone. That's the first thing that you want to know why. What does that have to do with the Salam? It's the first thing it's really interesting because even claim Rahim Allah mentions that our mental Rahim is to start to put in your heart that anything that you want in your Salah, anything that you ask for. You're always going to feel a know in your heart that Allah is the Most Merciful. In other words, what that does is that makes you feel positive and good about yourself
that insha Allah, Allah is going to give you with what you want. What you asked for Allah insha Allah is going to give it to you because he's mental Rahim. Tell me a little bit about the the strength and the authority and the power of Allah azza wa jal, he is Maliki yo Ahmed Deen. You notice all three of these verses only have to do with Allah azza wa jal has nothing to do with you yet. There's no role that you play in any of this yet. Allah is simply telling us about himself. Hum did Allah Hoberman or Allah or him now he is Maliki oma Dean. So after you establish that you praise Allah, then you establish that he is most gracious and most merciful. Now you need to know how
you're going to get the result of all of this. And that is he is the Master of the Day of Judgment. It's as almost as if Allah azza wa jal strikes fear in your heart and leaves you with that. That's the last thing Allah tells us about it. It's something scary. It's something that's very difficult for us to comprehend. You know, Subhana Allah, Allah is going to be the master of this day of judgment. So what do you do?
Molly kiyomi Dean,
he can arrowwood he kind of staring that's what you do. That's so that you get his a ramen or Rahim upon you that so that you can protect yourself for Maliki oma Dean. And that's so that you can always have throughout your solo ad throughout your life embedded in your heart that unhemmed is lillahi Rabbil alameen. How do you do it? He can do what he can a stallion. It's only for you Allah that I'm devoting all of my worship and I'm going to hold on to the rope of Allah and hold on to the hope in you throughout my praise throughout my life. A lot of people they ask this question about,
you know, I'm doing the same thing in my life over and over. And I keep asking Allah for things over and over. And I keep trying to make changes over and over and it's just not helping. Nothing is working. What do I do a cannibal? That's the first thing that you have to do. You have to make sure that you perfect your worship before you can ask Allah for help or you are you. you devote yourself in that hope to Allah azza wa jal, you got to make sure that you're perfect in that worship. Let's just pause here for a moment.
Now all that you've heard so far, it's time for sada
and you're standing there and you say Allahu Akbar, all that you've heard about Fatiha so far. Imagine now the person who starts off and he says attempted a little bit out I mean, don't hunt him down again, Medina company I've been staying, mostly just trying to run through the rush through every single moment in the fattier
majority of erla, including the
For mother hip, they say that this here a person who recites fat to her in this manner and and recites it like a parrot now you know there are three levels of reciting poor and three levels of doing this one level of it is a very quick level where you would recite it more so in total we should, which is, which will sound something like this at hamdulillah a little bit gnarly I mean overall manual Rahim Manny kiyomi Dean, he can do what he can a staring until the end. And then you just continue this is more of a tahajud or pm well laid kind of prayer, then you have something a little bit lower a lesser degree. And then you have one of the slower risk recitations of the Quran
as which is the quality and the Abdul Basit style and so on.
Which one is fit for the prayer it's the it's the first two It can also be the third but there is some dislike Enos to it Some are lemma did put some a dislike this to a person who recites sort of fat to ham or recite the Quran in Sala like the total to have like a recital of party like Abdullah bellsouth or something and you're reciting that slow, melodious voice. Some scholars put a little bit of a dislike Enos to that because that's not the intent of the Salah itself. The intent of the Salah is not for you to just perfect recitation. It's more than that. So to find a balance, you do the first two categories, it's the middle category, that's the most important
Alhamdulillah your bill, NARAL me in Ottawa manual Rahim money kiyomi Dean, and then you continue just a slow, calm, relaxed voice. That's the first rule of fair to her. The first rule of fat has you don't rush majority the form of that hips. They say that a person who does this with fat to have the Salah is nullified. It's not accepted. Why are they so strict about this? It's because Fatiha Remember we said is a pillar of the solder. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that there is no Sala Illa be Fatiha. There is no prayer except for the person who recite Surah Fatiha. Then in another Hadith the Prophet Assam tells you how to do it is a you know a swatter comb bellcore an
beautify your voices with the Quran. So he tells you what you should do. And then he tells you how you should do it. This is why in another Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also encouraged us that the way that we pray in our homes should be similar to the way you pray in gemera. What happens a lot of time, a lot of times people when they pray at home, they pray like the chicken, like the promise I send them mentions the sound of the chicken is eating. There's just pecking through the ground and through all the movements. But when you're in gemera, for the person, it might be something different. They come to the gym, and they're relaxed in the you know, the
sutra is there and everything. I know one brother, actually a couple of them. And then I got this question where one person told me that they prayed on their kitchen floor. They prayed on the kitchen floor and they wanted to know if it was permissible or not. And they just did it because you know, it was time for Salah. So they just got caught up in the moment and just prayed on the kitchen floor. So the permissibility of the saw is valid, but it's careless. Because when it's time for prayer, it's it's the brightest day of your view of the day. It's the brightest moment of your day. So you want to make sure that you take time you find a nice comfortable spot, and then you pray. So
the scholars when they say this, they say that fatty hat especially should not be rushed through. There's a difference of opinion regarding the other soldiers that come after what Fattah is the key second point.
We talked about this in the just after a little sada about the person who makes errors in the Sala especially in the Fatiha a person who doesn't know how to recite Fatiha. Let me just say brothers and sisters, that the person who doesn't know how to recite fat to how well really has problems, they have problems when it comes to their relationship with the poor. And this is the first indication that the core n has been abandoned by you, you've left the poor and the first way that you know that you're not attached to a laws book is when you cannot master the omole keytab itself the sort of Attica itself. And you'll be very surprised to know and to see how many people just
don't know how to do this very well. I know of a message that I went to and I prayed behind this person. It was a young brother and he started to recite the
factor in lasala. And he started off with a nice little su days kind of voice to it. So I was like my shallow right and we're just praying behind him.
Then when he got to this particular verse, suit oppa oh my goodness, it just went upside down.
He said suit all Padilla, Xena. And we talked about this no such word in the Arabic language as a lezzy or Allah, Xena. And then he says, No.
He didn't say no. And if you say no, that's a law. Isaiah john, placing that blessing blessing upon you and until I lay him. So place his Baraka and his protection upon the buck has coming from him. But if you say NRM to, then you're saying that you're the one that's doing this, you see how it's like, it's like two different worlds. You've gone from one meaning to something extremely terrible and horrible, as why just for the students who are practicing recitation. The best way to know when you're good, is when you get to that same verse, suit all palatina just listen and practice for yourself, make sure that you get the N don't add a pile color to that point. So you don't want to
sound like this. suit all the N to N you don't want that pile color sound suit all been lezzy na n I'm Tara Lee him. So you want to make that distinction. The reason why I emphasize this so much is one of my teachers in Portland he was named his name was Shahar Baitullah lF avani or Rahim Allah. He was one of the teachers of shift or they fee and many of the Imams of the Houghton. And he was originally an Afghani chef, he left Afghanistan and he came to Medina to look for somebody to teach him. And he was so good. That he ended up teaching the teachers that he came to learn from, they end up saying you What are you doing here, you know, you came to learn from us, you should be teaching
us and so for about maybe 5060 years of his life, he devoted himself to teaching the poor and hundreds of 1000s of students have taken ijazah from him as well. And one of the things that he would really really be studied upon, he would really be firm with us is when it came to this verse immediately if you set it off or living in an armed and you had that Alcala there he will say a little throw here turban, he was just get out of here, you know your weak link, you're a weak link. So go go go. And that's why like myself and some other others we were on fat to have for like three, four days. We're just trying to get by fat to how would the shift until we graduated from fat to
have hamdulillah the sheikh would give you a bottle of yogurt and he says call us to hell Rajan. Fatiha you know is you graduated from Surah Fatiha now you can move on to the next surah that's how strict he was with him. This all taught me a lot. This Imagine if this is how strict Fattah is outside of Salah imagine when it's in solar. Now what do you do when you're praying behind somebody who recites like this, some of the orlimar they permitted if it was possible without causing any fitna or any problems. It actually permitted you to leave the gym and wait until they finish praying and then start your own gemera again in other words, there is no solid for you behind the Imam who
cannot perfect SOTA Fatiha This is how be this is how strict it's begun. And our times. This almost sounds like something strange because everybody leads prayer now, it doesn't matter who you are is just like you're all in so many massages. Anybody who looks religious, who has some piety in them or they come from a certain tribe, or they have a certain cultural background or training, you're going to lead us in Sala sometimes you might have little kids that are leading the the gemera insalata. They're not mature enough to do that. It doesn't matter if they're half of them or and this is a really important point brothers and sisters. When we train our youngsters, you have to be very
selective of who you choose to lead the jemar. Because what if that child, that youngster who's memorized the Quran and very fluent? What if they miss a rocker? Are they going to know what to do? What if they make an extra rocker? Will they know the filth behind it? How will they know when to do the such that to settle? Is it going to be before the test anymore? After the listening? What happens if the child makes a mistake and has 14 brothers behind him correcting him? Is the child going to listen to the correction or start crying because he's scared.
So all of these things you have to make sure you be very selective when you choose youngsters to lead those who has they have to have that responsibility behind them to maintain the flip of the salon itself.
So you got this person and you're praying behind him. How do
You leave a Sala, when you're already in the gemera, if Nakayama Rahim Allah as a very, very clever way of doing this, if Nakayama says, You leave the Salah by intention but you don't leave the Sala by act or physically leave it but intentionally you leave the Salah. So whatever the claim is saying is that you're going to go along with the gemera you're going to go along with the with the movements, but your intention is not to follow that Imam so counted as an FL prayer. Why does it not pay him? He continues to say this was found in his book, um, my daughter, just Sally Keane. And he mentions in there that the reason why you do this is to avoid fitna, can you imagine if four or five
brothers were praying behind? Mmm, they just suddenly stepped out. And they stood at the back and they waited? Or they just you know, did their own gmrs somewhere else? Can you imagine what that would happen? You don't want to solve a problem by creating bigger problems. That's not good wisdom when you're trying to bring solutions. And then at the same time, when you do things, you always want to avoid fitna as much as possible. So if no claims go through at the moment, when the solar is done, then go ahead and repeat the solar. Now this here is a very strict opinion. Even though the form of divers they take it, it is a very strict opinion shift bin bass has a different factor
behind it. Scheffer. theming also has something different behind the shell bandiera himolla has something different behind it. The point is, is that you always want to make sure that fat is perfect, so is upon us that we make sure that we choose people that are qualified to lead the Salah this way. So even the elderly, we are no exception to the the elderly just because you might be leading solar 20 and 30 and 40 years. It doesn't make you qualified for that position. When it comes to the recitation. You might be qualified in 15 other things, but this here just articulate the How can help God just give everything that's right where it belongs. Then you have another scenario
where if a new Muslim or Muslim they revert to the deen, they don't know what to do. They don't know sort of Fatiha. So what did they do here? Believe it or not, some scholars did allow a person like this to pray in their own language until they could learn it majority were against this. Because the whole point of Salah is that it should be done in Arabic. And this is based on an email or unanimous consensus that all the words of sada should be done in Arabic as well. We get this question all the time about is it permissible for me to make Dora in my Sala in my sujood in another language other than Arabic because I don't know any other languages? Because I don't know of any narration or any
Hadith or any exception that scholars made when it came to the Sunnah, that you should you're permitted to do this. Do I can be made in any language outside of Sala but when it comes to the prayer, it has to be in Arabic because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says So Luke came out or a timoni or suddenly pray like exactly the same way you saw me praying exactly the same way Don't try to change or maneuver or change do anything. It's got to be exactly 100% of the same. Imagine that this here the statement of the province I sent him he went to as far as stopping a man and telling him to repeat his prayer. Because there were certain parts of his arm and his feet that
weren't wet. It didn't look like he performed we'll do well. There's one Sahaba there was an part of his ankle or his feet that was dry like the size of a coin and the prophets I send him saw there. And when the man was done, the prophecy syllabus says go and perfect your will do and repeat your Salah, because of that. So if you went to that extent and imagine what Sala and sorry the fat how where that lies. So for the revert, the best thing is that you must be able to learn the fact that at least the rest of the soldiers after Fatiha those can come later. Because as you all know the Sala in and of itself is acceptable with just the Fatiha itself reciting a surah after the sada is
considered to be a mazahub act, for Salah still becomes valid Why? Because the prophet SAW Selim himself says to read Fatiha then he says that after that and you should try to read something but in many cases, for a lot of people this is not possible. Just make sure that you try to fulfill the rochen of prayer that pillar, make sure that fat is there. So for the revert you can have you can have it written on a piece of paper, you can put it on the floor and try to read it at least to get the prayers done until you memorize it.
A third scenario when it comes to the Fatiha
How about if you forget to recite to her? Or you miss an idea of sort of her to her and nobody corrects you, you're praying by herself. And you happen to miss a verse or you don't even recite the Fattah Salah is invalid period. Right? Because if if making mistakes of something you're you are reciting invalidates the prayer, then surely enough missing the whole idea completely will also nullify that prayer. Why is this so important? It's important again, brothers and sisters, because this is one of those issues where many people they trivialize it, it becomes so routine, that somebody might make a mistake in the fact but nobody will correct him. This is one of the mistakes
of Sala that we make. And when I say to include myself, like as Muslims, we will make this a times where the man he might recite a sutra and he'll make a mistake in it, but nobody will correct him. That in and of itself is okay it doesn't break the Salah when it comes to the suta it will if it was Fatiha. But when it comes to other soldiers, it doesn't break the solid, but you lose reward in that solar. And this is why the element they say that if you forget a verse in the solar, then you do two things, one of two things. One, you either continue, wherever you can remember from and just continue the solar that way, or to stop the rocker and go down for record. So you'll have like some
people that will try three, four attempts to get that idea and they keep fumbling at it. So let's say like the eye of the hora metazoa. So the people that are hot on for you to marry and then they say you know that verse howdy masala from Omaha Tacoma Tacoma, Hawaii Tacoma moto. So it's got all these rhythmic words to it. A lot of people they mess up this verse. So I remember one brother, he got to this verse, he was leading us in piano lane. He tried it, he messed up. He went back a second time, he messed up a third time messed up. eighth time, he messed up ninth time, until subpanel law, he got to the 10th. And he gave up, that's when he went federal court. You don't need to go 10 times
234 times if you don't get it be moderate and then go down for a little quote. I remember praying behind my shoulder, you know, it's just one of the miracles of the whole and I remember praying behind the shots two days. So how long one time. And he got to that verse, shuttle Ramadan and Lily once he left he ran and he paused. And he couldn't continue the verse and he had to go down. This is in the huddle man Mecca you know, and just imagine somebody so profound shift. So this half of the hola recites five Jews every single day of his life, five judges every single day of his life. That's why he's one of the top he'll father poor and in the world, all of you know that just all you
have to do is just listen to a thought all week and listen to how many times he may fumble or not. And then you can see that kind of fluency in him. So going back to our discussion, all of us here we know how important the fat is. And we stopped off in just a little bit of some of the benefits of fat by eating a suit off it must have been. This is the verse that we're at now. So we have ear canal with the ear kind of staring in the no suit all buttons stepping in, I'll set off on will step in, you're asking a lot to give you guidance on the right path and keep you there. We mentioned that one of the words for the esophagus here in the Arabic language is subtle.
Subtle tone is one of the names of the esophagus one of the appropriate terms for it. So why is that what those subtle tone are the esophagus have to do with sit off almost a pain. What it means is that it's talking about the way or the function of the esophagus when you're healthy and you eat what happens to the food. It just goes one direction all the time. As soon as there's a problem what happens you start to regurgitate and it comes back out the opposite way. So what you're asking ALLAH is you're asking Allah placed me on the path that is just one direction. And I don't ever want to turn back from that direction. You want it to always be a one way street. How do you know you're
there? sudo Perla, Xena and naantali him? I know that I'm there because I want to be on the same path of the people who came before you. And we talked about this in our past discussion. This is based on a verse in suton Nisa that Allah azza wa jal tells us and I'm Allahu Allah He minun nebby
This is the first category the prophets and messengers will soon be a pain. The truthful ones was Shahada, the martyrs will saw the hain and the righteous ones these four categories of people these are sotiropoulos. Zina and naantali him little mahoto barely him while Pauline and of course the soul of the sutra itself concludes itself by discussing something for the hood as well as the nasaga sordid Fatiha brothers and sisters, is the way that you can improve your devotion and your love with Allah azza wa jal in your solar don't make solar a routine. Don't make Sala things like you do every single day it's like going to work it's like cooking food. It's like just you know eating don't make
it a part of your it should be the brightest it should be the sunshine of your day. This is why Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran suitable for upon when when the prophets I seldom complains to Allah. We'll call it old Rasulullah Robbie and he says to all alum all my Lord Oh my Creator in Poland, who has a poor Anna Matura my people they took this poor and and they've abandoned it. Listen to the Arabic word has a poor Anima Torah he uses Heather. Allah uses the word habit in the beginning of the Quran What did allow us Alif Lam Meem Valley can keytab now we have the potty be like we have hatha which means that Allah is saying the Quran was right there you had it right in
front of you and you still abandoned it. Then Allah uses the word Maduro. Maduro comes from the word hegira or hedgerow, which means talk to Shay and altaro cache, you've left something but Maha Jumeirah, the this form of the word hegira, it doesn't mean that you've left something, it means that you've left it and you've left it so far away. It's so far behind you. So that tells you that even if you recite Quran, you're not really holding on to Quran by just reciting it. It's talking about the one who is trying to implement and understand and make their life the poor. And so the prophecy suddenly said, This is what my people have been doing. For the youth. I mean, this is so
common amongst them, you know, they'll be watching TV or something. They'll see like a guy with like a six pack or to see LeBron James do like an amazing dunk or amazing move, and that becomes their inspiration. But Allah says, you know this, you've taken the core and Judah, this is the thing that you're focused on now. You know, this is the things that you're only going to be thinking about each and every single day of your life. So brothers and sisters, all of this to change. It starts off by perfecting your solar and by perfecting your solar part of doing so is to perfect the solar till 30 We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make our tongues moist with the perfection in the recitation of
the Quran. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to improve our tongues in the fluency of the Quran. Because this is what Musa alayhis salam when he made dua, to Allah azza wa jal and he said to him, or beshara holy sadhana soldering wires serially Emery was larocca that melissani of coho coli. So moosari salaam, you guys know he had a stutter problem. So he was the kind of person that would like to talk like this, the always stuttering trying to find words. So look at the look at the look of the words that he calls upon a lion says, What? Lula okoda. He says, to untie the knots of my tongue. It's as if his tongue is all twisted and turn is untie and he says why don't make it it's
totally make it easy for me make it comfortable for me. Yes, oh, holy, why? It's not because I want to be a great speaker. It's not because I want to do this or I want to do that. It's because I want people to understand what I'm saying. I know some speakers some doriath who used to have this problem, and they made this exact same door and will lie they are more prolific speakers more fluent in their tongue than anybody you can imagine. It would be impossible for you to know that this person used to have this problem in their life. So brothers and sisters, we ask Allah azza wa jal to always keep us close to the core and while lucky we are in a time where we need this more than ever
in our lifetime, we ask Allah azza wa jal to make the poor and a part of who we are a part of our existence a part of our identity. And we may ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to keep us close to the fundamentals of the Quran, so that we can recite it each and every single day, at least, so that we can improve
filaments, something of the Quran each and every day at least. And so that we can make the core an a source of our lifestyle and everything that we say and we do, at least throughout our time in this world. So these are the words in sha Allah that we will pause with today and in sha Allah tala in our next halaqaat. On Friday, we will get into the next step of the autocannon of the soul. So, we will go through each of them one by one and all of the issues behind them. So I invite you all inshallah to continue to join us for that. So that will happen on Friday after Makoto will ask you to Gerona and 111 or biloela mean thank you all sudden, Wiley komatsuna to LA he