Ramadan 2017 – Save Yourself – Part 2 – Episode 15

share this pageShare Page
Mufti Menk

Channel: Mufti Menk

Series:

Topics: Ramadan

Episode Notes

Taraweeh Lecture at Masjidul Quds Gatesville Cape Town
Date : 9th June 2017
Topic : Save Ourselves Part 2
Speaker : Mufti Ismail Menk

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:01--> 00:00:43

Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. Well Allah Allah He was happy as we commence In the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We send blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we declare the praise of Allah subhanho wa Taala we thank him upon all conditions, we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala every form of goodness and we seek protection from every form of evil. I mean, my beloved brothers and sisters in Islam yesterday Alhamdulillah we saw how Sulaiman alayhi salaatu wa Salaam was gifted by Allah subhanho wa Taala and everything he related to Allah subhanho wa Taala and he was concerned even

00:00:43--> 00:01:10

even about the smallest creatures of Allah subhanho wa Taala such as the end, this evening inshallah we are moving through surah to animal that is the 27th surah of the Quran. And I would like to draw your attention to a very interesting point of this particular Surah At the beginning of the 20th parts of the Quran, when I say the 20th part, I'm talking of the parts from 30 parts, so the edges that are the Jews,

00:01:11--> 00:01:24

Allah subhanho wa Taala makes mention of some of the creatures of his, from among these creatures, he makes mention of the clouds, the water that comes from the skies. So he says, What

00:01:27--> 00:01:31

Mina sama eema

00:01:33--> 00:02:05

and he Allah subhanho wa Taala has sent down for you from the heavens water, if you take a look at the water, I want to draw your attention to the fact that it is made up of very, very small particles, all together, it becomes water that you can see, if they were separated, they would have evaporated. The fact that they are all together is what gives them the power, it makes it liquid and that is when it gets to us and that is when we benefit from it. Just bear that point in mind. Then the next thing Allah says

00:02:07--> 00:02:07

for

00:02:09--> 00:02:11

NaVi hadda.

00:02:13--> 00:03:00

So as a result of that rain Allah causes to grow, the plush gardens had so many beautiful gardens. These gardens are very interesting because a garden is not made up of one rose, but rather it is made up of many roses, many flowers, many trees, many fruit trees, perhaps this is what makes up a garden. A garden is not one particular plant, it is so many things put together. Remember what the water lots of water particles put together gives you the water one would evaporate with the with the garden, lots of plants put together and lots of flowers etc. Put together gives you the garden one is not really a garden. Okay, that point in mind, then Allah subhanho wa Taala says in verse number

00:03:00--> 00:03:48

61 are similar to normal. He says, watch ilfc la la, la la la la la la See, he's talking about what he has created. So the point I want to raise through the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, Allah has created the rivers, what is the river made of water? What is the water of so many particles Subhanallah and that's when you have the river without all those particles coming together you would never have a river because the water would have been evaporated. And then Allah says he has created the mountains, what is a mountain made of it is made of particles, particles of what sand, dust, stone etc. These come together Subhanallah and with these beautiful particles, what you

00:03:48--> 00:04:34

will notice is an entire mountain is made. Now why am I saying all of this because my brothers, my sisters, what we need to need to know is we already saw how united the ends were and they achieved protection. Take a look at how united the other creatures of Allah subhanho wa Taala are, when they are together, they are a force to be reckoned with. When they are separated, they will be blown by the window evaporated. So panela the lesson I want to draw is mankind is quite similar together we make an omen that is powerful, but when we are disunited, and when we are fragmented, we are blown by the wind and we are evaporated. So that's the point I want to raise we save ourselves from losing

00:04:34--> 00:05:00

our power like Allah says, while Atlanta's our fat f shanell whatever habari Hong Kong, do not dispute with one with one another. Do not argue and dispute with one another because you will be unsuccessful and you will lose your might as an omen. I hope we understand this my beloved brothers and sisters. So the point of saving ourselves is to actually save ourselves from

00:05:00--> 00:05:40

disunity and from being fragmented such that there is no power remaining in the entire oma. We are meaningless. Even in a home. It is not easy to unite. You know, if you look at the sand particles, they fit next to each other. They don't complain that this one is too big. This one is too small, they fit, they find their place and they squeeze through, you take sand into a little container, you shake it a little bit and they find their way through where there is a bit of gap. They make it there. Why is it that mankind cannot do this, we don't get along with each other we cannot adjust to live with one another. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us to adjust so that we can appreciate one

00:05:40--> 00:06:30

another and we can live with one another. So this is something extremely important now. Also in these verses, Allah subhanho wa Taala is drawing our attention to calling out to him he is the one never lose hope in the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala he says I'm Amy g Bonomo para Eva da who is it not he who responds to the one who is desperate when he calls out to him, that is Allah subhanho wa Taala. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, I respond to he who is desperate when he calls out to me. So keep calling out to Allah subhanho wa Taala never lose hope in the mercy of Allah. There are so many examples of people who have called out to Allah in desperation, and Allah has given them what

00:06:30--> 00:07:06

they've asked for, never lose hope. Allah knows the timing, some of us make a dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala we call out to Him, we become impatient, because we want it according to our plan. But Allah knows he knows the future. He knows what it holds for us. He knows whether what we're asking for is actually good for us or not. So for that reason, he holds it back. He either gives it to us at the right time, or He replaces it with something better for us. And this is the gift of Allah for us. This is what Allah subhanho wa Taala says, because of my knowledge of the future, because of my knowledge of everything, I will give you what is right even though you may have asked me for

00:07:06--> 00:07:38

something else, if I know it's wrong for you through my mercy, I will keep it away from you and one day you will understand why one day you will understand why and this is why we should never be impatient. When it comes to the answering of the law that we have made. Use the Jabalia Heidi Kamala Mia sturgeon, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, Your da will be answered for as long as you do not make haste. So the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu asked what is the meaning of making haste or messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says quite clearly

00:07:40--> 00:08:21

one of you saying the owl to find them use the Jay Z. I have called out to Allah but he is not answering me. So he says that means you're making haste Allah heard you. Allah subhanho wa Taala is all hearing indeed, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us goodness. Then at the end of sola to normal, Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks about the importance of preserving the deeds that you engage in while you are on Earth. But the wording is very different. So how does he say this? One is to do your deed tonight we have read salatu wa Salatu tarawih May Allah accept it from us? Mashallah tabarrok Allah but whether or not I will still be having the Salah with me when I meet with Allah

00:08:21--> 00:08:51

subhanho wa Taala is a totally different issue. Because between now and then, if I have wronged someone, if I have perpetrated a crime against someone, perhaps that Salah will be taken as a payment to be given to that person, when I come on the Day of Judgment. It's not they where did it go? Well, you know, you did wrong to this guy. So Allah took it and gave it to him. We don't want that to happen. So to preserve what you've done in terms of acts of worship, is perhaps 10 times more difficult than the act itself. It's easy for me to abstain from food and drink and fast.

00:08:52--> 00:09:00

But for me to thereafter, respect the others and fulfill their rights so that I don't lose that fast to them, is a bigger deal.

00:09:01--> 00:09:19

Remember this, this goes back to the Hadith I've made mention of several times, and Muslims the Hadith of the bankrupt person, we remember this and therefore Allah subhanho wa Taala says in verse number 89, of spirit animal, as well as several other places in the Quran, similar verses. Man

00:09:22--> 00:09:24

has energy fella who

00:09:27--> 00:09:27

was

00:09:31--> 00:10:00

eating me know, whoever comes on the Day of Judgment with a good deed. Allah subhanho wa Taala says we will recompense them with that which is better than what they've come with. And they will be safeguarded from the tremor of the day, the fear of that particular day, the harshness of that particular day. Allah says if you have done the deed, and you were so concerned about preserving it, you definitely deserve that we give you back tenfold and more whatever we wish. We

00:10:00--> 00:10:25

You're going to give you definitely better than what you did. So if you spent time for the sake of Allah doing good deeds, and thereafter, you looked after the good deeds by not harming others, Allah says, we will give you so let's save our deeds from being lost by fulfilling the rights of others so that those deeds are not lost to the other people. I mean, I mean, may Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us all goodness, I want to move on to the next era, which is Sudoku puzzles.

00:10:26--> 00:11:13

And Sudoku puzzles is a very, very interesting surah because it has in it the details, the biggest detail, the deepest detail of the story of musala is Salatu was Salam. But we have already covered a lot of the stories so I'm only going to go through the parts perhaps that we have not yet covered. right at the beginning, Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks about how the Pharaoh and his wife who did not have children, they were looking for children and so on Allah makes mention of how Musa alayhis salam was born, and the Pharaoh was killing all the boys. So Allah inspired the mother of masala salatu wa sallam to put him into a little casket and to put him into the Nile. And Allah says, We

00:11:13--> 00:11:51

will take care of him because had he become known that there was a children from there was a child from Israel who was born, perhaps that child would have been slaughtered or executed by the pharaoh as he was doing tyrant ruler. And that was what he was doing. So Allah subhanho wa Taala tells the wife or the mother of Medallia salatu wa sallam, to put this little baby into a little basket and put the basket in the water. And further downstream who was walking around his wife was walking. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, In verse number eight of this beautiful Surah Surah tasas

00:11:55--> 00:11:59

lofi nanea coonara Houma

00:12:03--> 00:12:53

the wife of the Pharaoh, the family of the Pharaoh, they picked up this last property, meaning this baby, this basket, the baby who was in the basket, in order for that child to be for them, an enemy and the point of sadness, a source of sadness, so they thought they're getting something good. But for the Pharaoh, it was not good for the wife, it was good. For the pharaoh himself. Allah is saying, we let him pick up something that would become in the future a means of regret for him. Now pause for a moment. My brothers and sisters sometimes we think we've achieved something big but through that very thing. Our destruction is written, what happens a person purchases a new car, they

00:12:53--> 00:13:29

absolutely happy May Allah safeguard us this may have happened to some of us may Allah grant agenda to fair dose. But little did they know they were going to be having a major car accident with that vehicle, and perhaps break limbs perhaps even the loss of life. How that was all in the last hands. But when we got it, we were so excited. This is what happened here to the Pharaoh. So let's save ourselves by thanking Allah when you have something good. give out a sadaqa give out a charity to praise Allah to thank him Yama, you've blessed me with this lead to record of Salah to thank Allah thank him in various other ways become obedient to Allah, not like the Pharaoh, we've got goodness

00:13:29--> 00:14:06

we've got Allah has bestowed us with so much more. And we are not thankful we forget about Allah, we don't even fulfill our Salah, that thing will not be a gift, it will actually be a punishment, how many people Allah gives them money to punish them with the money, how many people Allah gives them children, for those children to be a means of their depression on Earth, because they've turned away from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this is all the plan of Allah, we need to be humbled because you never know. You know, some people pick on the children of others, not realizing that perhaps their children might set a bad example that is even worse than these. So be careful. Don't throw stones

00:14:06--> 00:14:21

when you are in a glass house. Remember that? May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us is my brothers. My sister's, the point I'm raising is the Pharaoh had picked something up his wife was excited. Finally we've got a child and Allah says they did not know what was coming.

00:14:23--> 00:15:00

So the lesson we learned from this is definitely that whenever we have achieved goodness, we need to relate it to Allah. We need to engage in Toba so that we are saved from it becoming a means of our regrets. I mean, I mean, then Allah subhanho wa Taala says on the other hand, the mother of musala salatu salam was indeed worried and concerned. And she was worried and concerned she was praying to Allah she knew from Allah subhanho wa Taala that he would take care of the child, but she did not know the plan was that this child would end up in the house of the pharaoh who was actually doing all the activities.

00:15:00--> 00:15:17

Putin himself. And he was so tempted to do it had it not been for his wife to have pleaded with him to leave the child, that this child is actually innocent, he would have executed that child to. But Allah subhanho wa Taala gives good news to all those who have been separated from their children.

00:15:18--> 00:16:00

Whatever reason, whatever the circumstances are, if you've been separated from your children, Allah subhanho wa Taala will return those children to you. Keep on calling out to Allah, never lose hope in the mercy of Allah, keep on being sane, normal, do not do things that would result in a disaster or a bigger problem. You have a problem. Keep it there, try and make it small, but don't make it bigger. May Allah subhanho wa Taala guide us to address the matters that we are facing on earth today in the best possible way so that we can resolve them and we don't create bigger problems out of what we already have. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, verse number 13, of Surah Al cosas, which

00:16:00--> 00:16:05

is the 28th surah of the Quran for Adana, Ella.

00:16:07--> 00:16:42

So we returned him to his mother, how did Allah return him to his mother, it was a miracle. It was a last decision, Allah decided that we are going to return him in a unique way. He refused to suckle from anyone, he refused to drink from any woman. And until they found the mother, when they found the mother, they had to call her they had to pay her in order to come and take care of her own child. Look at the honor that Allah subhanho wa Taala gave such a woman for her patience. And Allah says, three reasons that we returned this child to the mother.

00:16:43--> 00:16:44

three reasons. Number one,

00:16:45--> 00:17:01

kay takala. I know her so that eyes can be cooled, so that she can have the coolness of her eyes while at the horizon. And so that she will not be sad, so that her eyes will be cooled. And so that she will not be sad, while he that llama

00:17:03--> 00:17:37

de la he has, and so that she can know for certain that the promise of Allah is the truth. How many of us we know that Allah has promised us things, but we are impatient. This goes back to the point we raised a few moments ago, the impatience when we call out to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So Allah says, We returned him to the mother, so that she could have the coolness of her eyes And so that has sadness could go and so that she would know that the promise of Allah is definitely the truth. But Allah says, while I can go home,

00:17:38--> 00:18:23

but a lot of them do not know. A lot of them do not know anyway, this was part of the story of who Salah is salatu wa salam. The reason why I made mention of this is my brothers and sisters, we become depressed because we don't trust Allah. If you trust Allah, you will save yourself from depression, if you lay your conviction and trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala. And you know that he will help you and He will solve your problem, then you will protect yourself from depression and stress and so on. I tell you another very interesting point. When we lay our trust in Allah, and we ask Allah to do what is best for us, we must then be convinced that whatever has happened is

00:18:23--> 00:19:04

actually the best thing that could have happened for us. Whether we understand it, or we don't understand it. Take a look sometimes at what's going on across the globe. There are so many bad things happening my brothers and sisters, we must pray for the globe. The confusion across the globe at the moment is such that we're lucky we as muslimeen feel so let down. We feel so helpless. But we know that Allah has a plan. So whatever is happening sometimes what is it resulting in? Yes, there might be people who are looking at Muslims with the eye of suspicion. But I promise you there are so many people entering the fold of Islam as a result of the awareness that is being created because of

00:19:04--> 00:19:44

what's going on. People are wondering, I know so many Muslims, is this what they're all about? Let me read. So once they start reading and they start seeing for themselves, they turned to Islam. So Wasn't that a point of mercy for them? Subhan Allah, this is why we say look, bhavati mafia, sometimes that which appears like it is harmful is actually beneficial. It brings benefit but we don't realize this is why I say save yourself from depression by believing that once you've made the dua to Allah to do the best thing What ever happened is actually the best it's the best for me my dunya and my ophira You see, when we make a deal out of is the Hara. What do we say is the Hara

00:19:44--> 00:19:59

means to seek the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala we say, Oh Allah, if this is good for me and my Dean and my dunya and my IRA and my future and so on my life, then make it easy for me. Let me have it and if it is not good for me, my life, my my living my religion, my future.

00:20:00--> 00:20:35

keep it away from me and take it away from me. When Allah takes it away from us, we become upset. We say Allah, you took this away from me Allah says But didn't you make the dua to say if it is bad for me take it away from me. We know it's bad for you, you think it's good for you. So we took it away from you based on your dua and now you're complaining to us that you took it away from me Subhana Allah, this is man, man is so short sighted. He doesn't realize that Allah is the Knower of the unseen, Allah knows absolutely everything. If you were to ask him and you have a good relation with Allah subhanho wa Taala Do you really think that he's going to let you down? This is Allah subhanho

00:20:35--> 00:20:57

wa Taala. So this is why here, Allah returns the child. And after a certain time, the child grew up in this beautiful home with excellent food and lovely luxury home imagine the home of the pharaoh Subhan Allah. And after some time, the strong man came out into the city one of the days and there were people fighting and as a result of this fighting, do you know what happened?

00:20:58--> 00:21:00

Musa alayhis salatu salam.

00:21:02--> 00:21:52

He looked forward, he took a step forward. He tried to see what the problem was, he realized that the problem was created by a certain gentleman, and he was being aggressive against another. And so musala is salatu wa salam fisted this man one fist as a result of this first listen to what Allah says. Verse number 15 of the same Surah Surah tell us for what Gaza homosassa for cabo la Musa alayhis salam salatu wa sallam fisted in one works you know what is a solid shot? And Allah says, Allah Allah, the man died as a result of the one blow he died and immediately masala is salatu wa sallam, he did not try to justify anything. He did not say he was wrong. He was right. He did not

00:21:52--> 00:22:10

say that he was, you know, something happened and therefore this and that. no justification, no ifs and buts. He says, I mean, I'm really shame on this is indeed, the handiwork of the devil. I did not intend to do this. This is the handiwork of the devil, in whom obey? No.

00:22:12--> 00:22:34

Indeed he is clear, misguided shavon misguides he's a clear misguided as well as number 15 of Sudoku cosas. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us this is what happened with the Prophet Musa alayhis salam. And immediately he repented to Allah. Do you know what he says? Or be in tune FC? v.

00:22:35--> 00:22:37

Oh, my Arab I have indeed.

00:22:39--> 00:22:42

I have indeed oppressed myself. So forgive me.

00:22:43--> 00:23:24

I have wronged myself. What I did was very bad. So forgive me. What was the time span between this and the deed that happened? It was moments within a few moments Mashallah Hassan says oh my God, I've done wrong, forgive me Allah. And Allah subhanho wa Taala says, For her for Allah, so Allah has forgiven him. Allah forgave him as a result of seeking the forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala. From this, we learned something very interesting. whenever you've done something wrong, save yourself from the punishment, the quick punishment that may come quickly by seeking immediate forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala a true moment, when your good deed makes you happy, and your

00:23:24--> 00:24:02

bad deed makes you sad. That is a sign that you have a man because if a person does not believe in Allah, whether they do good or bad, they will carry on living. But when someone does bad and it makes them feel sad and regret, it's a sign that you have a law that you are answerable to. That's why you are feeling sad, you would never feel sad, if you were not believing you didn't have a lot to answer to why would you feel sad, go and perpetrate all the sins on Earth. You feel proud about it. People brag about the sins because they don't believe in the hereafter. But a true believer will never brag about his sins when a sin is committed. He will say Oh Allah, forgive me, I fear the day,

00:24:02--> 00:24:39

I'm going to die. I fear the day I'm going to be alone in my grave. I fear the darkness of that grave. And I fear what might happen in it and I fear the Day of Resurrection, and I fear the day of judgment and I fear whether I'm ready to go into heaven or hell, that's a true believer. So therefore, as soon as you commit a sin, save yourself all the tension of the future by seeking forgiveness immediately. Someone did something wrong, immediately do something good. At the Seattle Hassan attempt, the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when you've done something bad, do something good after it, it will wipe the bad out Subhana Allah, you do a lot of good deeds and

00:24:39--> 00:24:41

inshallah your bad deeds will be wiped out.

00:24:42--> 00:24:59

If there are minor sins, they will be wiped out just like that. And if there are major sins you need to seek the forgiveness of Allah specifically for that particular sin. And Allah subhanho wa Taala will forgive you. So this is something that really is a point to ponder over something that we need to reflect and to inshallah

00:25:00--> 00:25:36

falcate within our own habits and in our own lives, insha Allah that we seek the forgiveness of Allah constantly, and we try and become more conscious of what we're doing. I want to move on to something again from the story of Musa alayhis Salatu was Salam that is also extremely interesting. So Musa alayhis salam after having killed this man and after having sought the forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala the pharaoh realized that this is a good time to get rid of this man so he started hunting for this man. So someone came to him and told him you know, you're being sought after it's best that you leave the city so he decided to leave the city. When he decided to leave the city he

00:25:36--> 00:25:37

made the dua to Allah.

00:25:38--> 00:25:40

This was very interesting.

00:25:42--> 00:26:24

He calls out to Allah subhanho wa Taala to guide him to the straight path he Dini. So a Serbian guide me to the straightest of path. And he arrived in a place known as Medina. As he was seated, he noticed people, and they were all shepherds trying to quench the thirst of their flock. And he noticed two ladies sitting in the back with a with a flock of sheep. And he asked them What's wrong? Why are you not going forward to the water? They said, Well, we will wait for all these shepherds who are males to go away? Then we will go so he decided to take it upon himself to help. Look at the benefit of helping people these are strangers. He doesn't even know who they are. He didn't ask them

00:26:24--> 00:27:08

anything. He is a newbie of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He did not ask them anything. At that point. He didn't have not yet received the new Buddha. But he was already prepared for Nobu, by Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this young man comes he offers assistance with all respect to these females no ulterior motives whatsoever. And what did he do? He took the flock and he helped them to drink and he gave these women back the flock and they arrived home very early. The father and old man asked what happened. They told him the story. So he sent them back. Now to pause for a moment. As soon as he had helped with this flock he reclined he was waiting. It's a city he knows no one and it's some

00:27:08--> 00:27:12

it's a new place. And he says he makes this job powerful.

00:27:14--> 00:27:18

In neelima Delta LA I mean how

00:27:22--> 00:27:23

he says, Oh my,

00:27:24--> 00:27:39

oh my god, this is verse number 24 of Surah Al cosas. Powerful, we should learn it and memorize it in neelima and Zelda Li em in hiring. Omar Rob, I am in desperate need for any goodness that you send in my direction.

00:27:40--> 00:28:07

I am in desperate need for any goodness that you send in my direction. This is the drought of Musa alayhis salam. His life changed as a result of that. his entire life changed as a result of that. What was the drought Oh Allah, I am in desperate need of any goodness that you are sending in my direction. Rob be in neelima Zelda II mean hi

00:28:11--> 00:29:02

Subhana Allah. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, When that happens, one of the girls came. And she says My father is calling you Subhana Allah, my father is calling you. Why, in order to recompense you for the goodness that you showed us. He walked back to where the father was. It turned out he was tribally Salam according to the narrations. And the way he walked showed that he was very, very respectful. He had lowered his gaze, he was an honorable man. He was filled with humbleness, dignity, good character, good conduct and so on. This was the man that was now going towards wivalley Salah when he got there. Allah says farlam magia Whoo, ah, Casa de la casa Kannada tuff of

00:29:02--> 00:29:54

nerja Whoo, tamina lukumi Vani. me when he got there and he narrated his story, he was told, don't worry, you have been saved from the people who are oppressive. So that was a very, very big answer to the DA but that was not the only answer. inshallah, tomorrow we will see how musala is Salatu was Salam. how Allah opened his doors even further, such that he ended up getting married, and his wife came from one of those who actually were helped that day when he was stuck in Midian. And when he reclined and he noticed all these people and the flock of sheep that were that he had taken in order to help quench the thirst of, it's amazing how Allah subhanho wa Taala opened his doors, my brothers

00:29:54--> 00:29:59

and sisters Let's learn to call out to Allah subhanho wa Taala or be neelima and Zelda.

00:30:00--> 00:30:12

Yemen Syria barakallahu Phu Kham inshallah until we meet again aku Laconia de la Sol Allahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad Subhan Allah Subhana Allah Mohammed, the shadow Allah Allah Allah and Denis de Vaca