A Thematic Commentary on the Quran 2

Moutasem al-Hameedy


Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

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Mula Bandha Rahim.

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smilla rahmanir rahim

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hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah and he was happy he woman wider.

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So this is the second segment in our series, a commentary or thematic commentary on the Quran. It's trying to uncover the seamless flow of the Divine Wisdom beginning Allah to Allah and we said our class is divided into two segments. One segment is studying the book of Shaykh Abdullah Saudi which is

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provided Hassan and Marina a lot of Syria iraq iran, which are the beautiful rules or principles that help us understand the Quran and sometimes we'll share some of the commentary from Jacob northy me and Rahim Allah

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so let's move on first to the to the first section. Is the audio good?

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Okay, so let's move on to the first book of Shea from nothing me and him on Lolita.

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I think I put it on my

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I think I'm okay. So what we'll do, we'll we'll do the opposite. So we will start with the with the commentary, the thematic commentary on the Quran. And then inshallah we'll go to the book of shave in Saudi and the commentary from shareholders they mean.

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Okay, so we said, Now we're going to first journey. And the first journey is relatively short journey. And my initial estimation was that we will be able to cover all of the sources of the whole on in three halaqaat, or three classes. But as I was finalizing the notes for today, it seems that we might actually extend to five or six, because I don't want to just give you a list of Hey, this is the sort of example and fell. And this is the main verses we said, or the central verse that that holds the central theme, and then move on to the next solo, that won't really give so much value. So we're trying just to

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mention the surah talk about the central verse and why it's the central verse give you a little bit of glimpse into why it's the central verse and how it connects everything in the surah, very briefly. And if there are some beautiful points of benefit, we will share them about the slide, then we'll move on. So roughly, we'll say probably all in it will take us about five to six and chalon, I think it's worth it.

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Something I want to clarify as we on the slides here, you're going to see the central verse. And we need to understand that what that actually means. So the central verse doesn't necessarily mean

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that's the central verse in the soul. We said every surah has a central theme has a main theme, that everything else in the soul connects to and serves. And you will find a few verses in every school, especially the longest tours that actually harbored this theme, or express this theme. So usually, in my struggles, I'm taking you to the background of what happens is we are talking about as I'm preparing for this is that as I'm trying to find the central verse, or the verse that expresses best, the central theme, sometimes I find a few verses that are competing on that position. And it's not easy. It's not easy to vote for one against the other. So that's a source of struggle and

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SubhanAllah. As I'm reading in the and the resources, I find it to be very interesting that the scholars who spoke about the central themes and the sources are not all agreed.

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Because, again, ideas and thoughts are in the mind. And

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sometimes, you could make an idea, dominant over another idea. But you could also make the opposite. So I could derive for example.

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We haven't sold us on Bukhara. It talks about the book, which is the Koran. And it seems to be a central theme and a surah. But it also talks about the worship and the obligation to worship Allah Subhana Allah along that this is the mission of the humans. Which one should we take as the verse that serves the central theme? Is it Valley Kalki tavolara, Buffy or is it Yeah, Johan NASA, Dora Baku, you could argue for both by the way. And interestingly, there are scholars, some of them are argued for this. And some of them are argued for that because I could actually say that the message or humanity worship your Lord alone comes from the book. It comes from the book. So the book is the

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source. So that's the central theme. But I could also

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argue that

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the idea of worshiping your Lord alone, the book seems to emphasize it. So the book branches out of it. So ideas are not so like well defined, like physical objects. So this is why sometimes it's not easy to define the central verse. And that was, as I was looking in the some of the sources that I shared with you, I haven't found anyone who tried to identify a central, a central verse in every surah. So that's a struggle. It's a struggle for us, and inshallah, hopefully, we'll find some benefits in it. I have some notes that I want to share with you. And I found them to be extremely beautiful. And these are from emammal Wi Fi. So we said, Remember the pi. And his book is our main

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source, which is

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normal dourado feet. And so but he was so well, she's basically he's trying to thread together the pieces and the gems with regards to how the verses are connected, and how the sutras are connected and how everything is interconnected. nicely. So he's saying,

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for him, and he's saying this is another book, and the other book is a shorter version, where he basically tries to focus on the main intent or themes of every solar. So he says, For in Kula surah, tinleigh hammock soon Why is

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he saying every surah has one main theme,

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you download Yoda, Li a whoo Ha, ha, ha. That's the beginning of the surah and the end, and the middle all of that revolves around the central theme, where you standalone Li fi her. And all of the bits and pieces in this aura serve as evidence and support for the central theme.

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for tourists, who Dema to Dallas to LA. So, the introductions that lead to the central theme are put in order are set in order

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at canoe virgin, and the most perfect fashion the most meticulous way. Wherever there are no hygiene and according to the best methodology, what either key or either I can show you on Isla de Lille is to be student Lally. And if there is any need for any proof to support that theme or the connection with the main theme, then it is also mentioned. That's what he says about the salon. Then he moves on to say for either what's on an emerald a lava t. So if the

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the theme or the idea reaches its climax, its final end. Hudson Bhima Minh who can have today, he would conclude alone would conclude the sutra would what he started with. So he would bring the end back to the beginning. From and out of al Qaeda ammo. He was another elite and Allah would return again to the first approach to the central theme of the first mention of the central theme. Alana Hajin ahora de Sala would return but according to a slightly different methodology that is so wonderful.

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One model panel you will welcome any answer another approach that is different than the first one but it is so strong and profound. For the corner surah to cache gelatinolytic area so a surah ends up being like a tree that is tall

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and beautiful.

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and full of full of fruits with though Hattie behavior This is an article hawryluk have a like a tree that is branching out in a beautiful way. And it was a unity and what Xena Tilly Mambo Mati bear that any work bf nanny dog, he's saying it's so beautified and adorned. It's just like a tree that is beautified and adorned and beautifully organized with wonderful leaves or with neat leaves and

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branches of jewels of gems.

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Were Fernando Harmon applicaton erotically macapa, a cadet and those branches. After they extend they turn back to the main branch

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wakulla era tiene minha la short baton matassa la Tom de ma Kabbalah and each branch connects to the branch that comes before it was sure a bit in Malta he met in deema by the hand It also connects to the branch that is after it were futile salatu wa salam ala and thus the end of the surah returns back and connects to the beginning. Kamala Hammond t ha ha ha ha and just as the end

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The surah connects to the beginning of the following surah

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when partida ohama Abdullah and the beginning of the surah connects so nicely to the end of the solar that comes before it, facade kulu so rotten the rotten Cobra so every solar becomes more like a complete circle

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which to me Latin Allah, there were a lil yachty. And inside it inside this big circle, there are smaller circles that are Connect it's like a closed chain that are each one of them makes each verse makes a complete circle or each set of verses makes a complete circle.

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Anybody it novom in a beautiful structure,

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a G but a bomb that are magically connected

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billini to apathy, a finale, due to the flexibility of these branches, which are the themes in the verses were hosted NATO was fully thematic, how of Sania and the beauty of the connection between the, the branches and the fruits. That's what he says. It's a figure of speech. It's as simple as this symbolic language is powerful. And it shows you how much the Mandelbrot was invested in his in his work.

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Okay, something else I told you, one of the references that we might use is the book of Sheikh Mohammed Rosario, Maha Allahu taala, which is an Arabic called

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what I've seen in Moldova alien on and I told you, the translation is extremely powerful and beautiful, and very well done. Very well done. And interestingly, the title of the translation is exactly the title of our class. That was done without intention, by the way. So this is the book a thematic commentary on the Quran. This is the book,

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thematic commentary on the Quran, it's really beautifully written in English, about 760 pages, the text 760 pages. And again, as I said, it is it is extremely helpful by those who come to attend this class, if they have their own reference. The reference, as you said, is either a few of you understand Arabic, then the Quran itself almost half. And if Arabic is not your first language, or you will need English to help you out, then have translation of the meanings of the Quran. And we said any translation inshallah we'll do, but our preference is the clear call on ercolano been, which is a very accessible and easy to read translation and quite to the point in sha Allah and as I

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translate some of the verses you will find in some of the slides, I use this as the main reference insha Allah to Allah. So last week, we started by talking about

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without Salatu Fatiha, and we mentioned what is the central or what we believe to be the central verse in it that harbors or displays the central theme or meaning

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in a good way. And I think we reached up until solids allowed off, we finished with solids, and I'm off and I promised you to share with you some quotes. One of them is the one that I just shared with you from a family party. And here's a second one from Alia Dean and Malawi, where he didn't matter. We is actually a Shafi scholar from Egypt's he lived about 500 years ago, 500 years ago, he was one of the great scholars of Egypt and his time he says he will or our ninja at Allah hacer Beluga he 10 Zilla where there has been hidden metadata even what I've seen, is saying the order of the verses was Chronicle in terms of Revelation, the time of Revelation. So when there was an incident, for

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Malika to better the Battle of better, Allah subhanaw taala revealed after that Surrattsville and fan right after the Battle of Wofford. So the revelation was according to the events according so there was a chronological order. This is in terms of the times of Revelation.

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After the Battle of Allah, Allah revealed the second half of sorts in Milan, which addresses the issue and Dr derives lessons from it. But he's saying, however, according to divine wisdom, the old the Quran or the verses of the Quran were were ordered according to divine wisdom, in terms of sequence and structure.

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So if you want to understand the structure of the

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On the sequence of the solos and the sequences of the sequence of the verses, this is done according to the wisdom of Allah.

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So there is no random order. So surah Allah Emraan was put after Al Baqarah before and Lisa for a reason from Allah.

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So this is why we say 30 busua are on TV, that the order of the sutras of the Quran is from Allah

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is from Allah. And the water table is for sure, totally fee the order of the verses within the sola is also from Allah is also from Allah. So the companions took the order of the soldiers from the way the prophets of Salaam used to recite and use to keep that kind of order as they were put in the must have. And then we have the image map, the consensus of the companions of all the Allahu anon the consensus of the companions of the allow annulment the consensus of the companions is one of the sources of legislation is melanoma. And mainly the matter of the companions or the allowing the consensus of the companions is one of the sources of legislation in Islam. Okay, so we'll move on.

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We said, We reached sola to lead off, we move on now to salt and fat, salt, and fat.

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So salt and fan, as we said, was revealed after soon after markets

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better after the Battle of better were the prophets of Salaam set out from Medina to capture the caravan that was led by Abu sufian. And the problem had only the companions who were ready with him, which was 300, and a little bit more 310 311 318 different numbers.

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And these were the best of the companions of the Allahu ohana. So then Abu sufian figured out

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what the problem had set out to do. So he changed his path and he sent someone to inform Operation hareesh came to meet or to battle against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the verse talks about the victory of the Muslims, what happened before the battle, the victory of the Muslims, what happened after the victory, and again talks about some of the relationships between the believers and their enemies and how to deal with them.

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So the central verse here and the surah comes in the middle and it is for them to talk to him while I can allow katella one out Amanita ramita working Aloha, how will you believe me Nina, Minho, Bella and Hassan. It was not you or believers who killed them, but it was Allah who did so? No was it you or prophet who through but it was Allah who did so rendering the believers a great favor, surely Allah is all hearing or knowing

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the victory happened unexpectedly.

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The battle happened unexpectedly, the spoils of war were unexpected. And speaking about numbers, and speaking about

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Muslims had no chance of winning that battle.

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So the whole surah is actually about the fact that whatever you're planning your actions and carrying out your plans. And whatever you do, does not get results. The results come from Allah. The results come from Allah because you set out to catch the caravan.

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But you ended up in a battle.

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You did not expect to win the battle. No one would expect. No one actually had expected that the Muslims would win the battle, yet you ended up winning the battle.

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So there are so many things happening in the solar we're lost Masada

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sort of emphasizes the theme that everything is in the hands of Allah and everything is by the will of Allah. The beginning of the soul introduces this, which is the Muslims were asking about the spoils of war, and ohnaka annual and fell

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on February when

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they asked you about the spoils of war, tell them the spoils of war or for Allah and His Messenger, not for you.

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They're not the decision about those is for Allah, it's not for you. So don't ask about them. Leave everything as Allah gave you victory has a lot plans out for you, as a law makes things happen for you. They let these things for Allah subhanho wa Taala. So it's about attributing everything back to Allah subhanaw taala Okay, so what are the Toba

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The verse number is in the middle, can anyone fetch it? 77 00 17 1717?

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Okay, anyone would give it a try with salata. tober.

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And when we give them by the way, some of the sources are like, they really gave me a hard time. It's not easy. But it's interesting. It's a very interesting research. And it's interesting to see how different scholars, you know, approach this differently.

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And I mentioned again, I will keep repeating some of the sources that we depend upon. We have a party been ashore and his book sale at the Hilton, where we have

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mentioned the Mandalay Bay Resort recently found a book by Sarah, what's called the assess fit of the foundation in tafsir. He actually goes into every soul or tries to do the same things. And he's got very beautiful points.

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We have and Pharaohs Abadi, he said in his commentary, which is sometimes called the Tafseer as well.

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He has beautiful he gives beautiful hints. So Suraj October, let me give you the background of salata. tober is when the prophets I send them went to to walk

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right to to book much just a book to the north of the Arabian Peninsula. And

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it was time off in the middle of the summer was extreme heat. And

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three of the Muslims remain behind. And many of the hypocrites remained behind. Right. And

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there's a lot of mention about this being truthful to Allah subhanaw taala. And there's a lot of mentioned about actually the surah begins salt tober begins with

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freeing a lot smarter freeing himself and freeing the the prophet SAW Selim from any connection to the people of disbelief, especially those who had fought against the Muslims and conspired had conspired against them. So salata Toba, anyone would like to give it a try.

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Well, that won't be a central theme. It won't be but good try. That's actually a good try.

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so that's a tober it's actually

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no that won't be central. Look at this.

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I put it on the screen.

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Whatever no mean Allah he was already he in a nursing home and had Jill ECMO and nulla Highbury, amin el Masri Kino Rasul.

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Allah declares complete separation between faith and disbelief,

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faith and disbelief and a lie sets the standard standards of a new relationship between Muslims and non Muslims.

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There is something special about the Arabian Peninsula, there is something special about the people who had waged war against the Muslims prior to that point. And there is also special arrangements for non Muslims who never fought against the Muslims and who don't have plans to fight against the Muslims. A lot provides for everything. But Allah still draws the line between faith and disbelief. And then everything in the surah is actually about this because it talks about the hypocrites, talks about the hypocrites, so Allah here this is why salted Toba is also called a foul they have the exposure and because it exposed the hypocrites is separated them from the believers once and for

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all. After this, after sort of the Toba Abdullah innovativeness alone was completely exposed. That's it over

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the hypocrites were exposed. So it separated faith from disbelief completely. And also about following the profit element that has walked a walk or the expedition of tabuk.

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Three of the believers forget about the hypocrites there was many of them who remain behind but three of the sincere believers remained behind Kappa Abdulmalik.

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Irrelevant omega and forgot third one.

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They didn't have an excuse, but they kept putting off the act of following the prophets or Solomon marching with him. What happened?

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They postponed that so much to the point that they could not catch up with him that's it was too late.

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Well, what did the last one is talk the Prophet Solomon the Muslims. How did he answer

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Have them to deal with them

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complete they cut them off,

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cut them off. But these are believers, yes. But here's the difference between obedience this obedience is now the the line will be drawn and there is no compromise.

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And take that this this toward the end of the surah come back to the as we as the man Raka. I said take it back to the beginning of the surah. Bara, this owing

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this connection, complete disconnection. You see the same sort of the theme occurring again. And again. I had a quote I want to share with you here. Let's go back to it. This amendment by again, he's speaking about

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his experience with his book, he says we're in northern Alabama.

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He says this after writing is the longest book I should put this somewhere else.

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We're in the habit element a slew bachelorette party wedding keys are

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what about, well, if they are

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the adult paler alumi a moron for herself. One would

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have to be honest with you, I struggled to translate this.

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He says the root or the source of this knowledge is offering humility and brokenness to Allah.

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You have nothing of your own, which is illest Islam, Allah, Allah, you just you bring yourself down before a light you helpless, you can't do anything.

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Showing genuine lack and need.

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Showing as well you need for that understanding. And for that knowledge for a discipline that is extremely meticulous,

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most discrete, it's not easy to find this knowledge, not easy to delineate it and codify it

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and have the biggest and have the highest order. It's basically all the highest position.

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So you're saying the way to get this is humility and brokenness before Allah subhanho wa sallam, by the way, remember by

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when he wrote his first book, he was attacked.

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They kicked him out of the minute.

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They declared him to be moved to there.

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And they declared him to be an innovator who came up with something new, that was not needed. Because the early generations came up with it that was needed. There was no need for what he was doing. And it was all life for them was nonsense.

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And it really affected him. So what he did, he said in my life, and he writes this, I think in his 60s or 70s. And he says throughout my life, I never sought to get ijazah from this youth or recommendation, or praise from any she never did that in my life. I realized that if I get good knowledge, and if I present good knowledge, that would be my test key, that would be my reference. I don't need the words of people. And he says, otherwise, I would not wish to live long if I don't have anything to contribute, when he said but when I saw people, a lot of the people and the students of knowledge have a lot of jealousy towards me, and they started attacking me and

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disgracing my honor. And describing me with evil descriptions of how my religion and my religiosity and my connection to the sooner. And anyone who knows me knows how strict I am on following the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, I reached out to the big scholars of our time. And the ones who read my book, and I asked them to share their their genuine thoughts and sincere thoughts about my work.

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And then he lists in his book about 15 or 16 of the statements of the scholars of the biggest mistakes of his time. And all of them praises work. So it's it's it's common, it's commonplace, even at that time, that you know, you would find people who are against anything they don't know. And they automatically label it as as as a bidder. So it was in that context that he spoke about this and he said, it took me brokenness and humidity before Allah subhanaw taala to be able to arrive at that science. Okay, so join us.

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Now we're going to talk about solar units, which is these are solar units. Some of the

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some of the scholars mentioned mentioned it as with a blue wireless about the world, but that's not actually accurate. So from the mean. So we have to while we have I mean, the shows that are made of around 100 100 versus 100, and a little bit more. So we have for example,

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You'll notice we have hood we have use of. Right? So these sources are called El Amin. And most of them I found most of them talk about the book which is on.

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The main theme is in the Quran, they highlight something an aspect of the an aspect of the Quran surah Jonas obviously.

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So lamacchia it's in Mecca was revealed in Macau before the hyjal. And

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there's so much to hate in the solar so much about the oneness of Allah, and that he's the only one who deserves to be worshipped and about his creation, His signs in the creation, and so on and so forth. And there's the story of Prophet Yunus and his Salaam and thus the surah is named after you understand Islam, by the way, Amendment Bill pi, he says, the name of every soul connects in some way to the central theme in it.

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The name of every soul connects to the central theme in this order, somehow, sometimes it's a clear expression. Sometimes it talks about the story that harbors the main theme. And sometimes it just is connected to the theme in in a subtle way. So

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the surah here talks about the wisdom of Allah Spano Tana and his wisdom that is contained in the book in Surah, Jonas I again struggled, because

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I found a few verses that actually explain the central theme of Sora Jonas, one of them was the beginning which was a little bit too general for me, but it was the safest choice. Because the moment he chose it, and I sort of sided with him there, but we have also a last pointer that says, Yeah, you are not Superjet como ella Toma become mushy fell on the map. So why wouldn't you call me You

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owe people

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an admonition and a reminder has come to you from Allah.

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And the healing to what is in the chests, what's in the hearts and that's the wisdom that is contained in the Quran. And Allah says about that will be for the law he will be met he will be very carefully

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say with the blessings of Allah and the gifts of Allah which is in the Quran, the guidance of Allah, let them feel happier than be happy. Let them rejoice. So basically, solar.

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The solar Eunice explains the wisdom of Allah subhana wa tada in handling matters of belief, matters of disbelief in handling nations that disbelieved and in how Allah subhanho wa Taala handled the creation of the universe.

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That's what this law speaks about. We can't say the central theme is wisdom.

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The central theme is how the Quran

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explains the wisdom of our last panel to Hannah in dealing with different aspects. Because there is a surah whose main theme is wisdom, we're going to come to that inshallah. Okay.

00:33:18--> 00:33:59

So Robin Hood. So again, for the mean, what I was going to say is that I figured out from from most of them, the first verse speaks for the whole sore. So it's the central, it is the central verse is the first verse and all of them are Elif Lama or Alif Lam Meem RA, as we will see. So the central versus sort of towards which contains the starts with issues about belief and about how the people of all age rejects. And then it talks about the story of no Harry his system, and this is where his son is mentioned again. And then it talks about the stories of the other prophets.

00:34:01--> 00:34:16

So the central theme of the central sort of the central verse is Elif la malarkey tab on Rocky Mount area towards the full story. Let me lay down Hakeem and Javier, let's break it down. So it talks about the Quran, the surah talks about the Quran.

00:34:17--> 00:34:23

And it talks about how the verses of the Quran were perfected,

00:34:24--> 00:34:32

how they were perfected, then it talks about how they were dissected and explained in detail. And that's what happens in sort of hood.

00:34:33--> 00:34:47

And all of this points, the whole all of this display in the solar points to the wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala and to his deep knowledge and profound knowledge of his creation.

00:34:54--> 00:34:58

Surah Yusuf. Again, not easy, not easy.

00:35:04--> 00:35:10

Surah Yusuf is completely about the story of use of alayhis. Salaam, about the story story recently.

00:35:12--> 00:35:18

And there is a central thing here, it's about how Allah Subhana, Allah teaches,

00:35:20--> 00:35:33

teaches, and makes everything clear. And that's what the Quran does a lot is that through the Quran, and surah Yusuf is a symbol of that

00:35:34--> 00:35:40

surah Yusuf is all about how Allah subhanaw taala taught us of Allah, his setup, how Allah told him,

00:35:41--> 00:35:47

how Allah told him throughout the stages, first, through the dream or the vision he had,

00:35:48--> 00:35:52

how he taught him through the trust in Allah that He had, and he was thrown in the well.

00:35:53--> 00:36:29

And then how he taught him to the right way of behavior when he was seduced by the wife of Al Aziz, and how to carry himself in the palace among the elite, and then how to protect himself from all the temptations around him, and how to handle himself in the prison when he was wronged and put in prison without justice, and a lot of how to how to interpret dreams, and how to handle people who are desperate for answers.

00:36:30--> 00:37:05

And a lot also taught him how to run the affairs of estates. And a lot taught him how to handle his brothers when he found them, how to handle them in an intelligent way, without getting himself in trouble or getting them in trouble or even placing doubts in their hearts. So solar is all about how the book teaches and clarifies. That's why it's called the clear book. That's what the solar is about. And Allah started with teaching last time that he made the Quran in Arabic clear Arabic so that you may understand, so that you may understand.

00:37:09--> 00:37:14

Okay, so this is something about el Bulava, which is, sort of

00:37:16--> 00:37:30

can say it's eloquence in speech. And it's when language which is a high level of expression. And, and and when it becomes artistic language becomes artistic. It's called El bellava

00:37:31--> 00:37:32


00:37:34--> 00:37:45

and albula there is a consensus around the definition of Bulava what below or constitutes What is it the banner the same when I say Batali McCall mokaba

00:37:46--> 00:37:56

that it is the perfect alignment between words and reality, that you are able to see what reflects reality at the right time.

00:37:57--> 00:38:04

So it's that kind of coherence between speech and reality, speech and reality. Were even the words

00:38:05--> 00:38:07

the choice of words

00:38:08--> 00:38:14

and the meanings of the words are in perfect alignment with reality. Now,

00:38:15--> 00:38:21

remember, before he speaks about sort of Baja, by the way, which probably will reach the inshallah solo.

00:38:23--> 00:38:33

And he talks about for those who noted read and don't know the normal hydrogen huddle, and so forth and one of the points of articulation and some of the characteristics of the letters.

00:38:34--> 00:38:50

He explains why Allah starts Surah Taha with two letters. And he takes them from the he takes these conclusions from the Maharaja of ba and hair and from their characteristics such

00:38:52--> 00:39:00

as extremely powerful. So he says, and he says, This is the apex of Bulava, the apex of language and artistry in language.

00:39:02--> 00:39:02

He says

00:39:05--> 00:39:45

helpful over what the theme is a bar is a matter of strength and elevation. And salata has a theme that we're going to talk about, and that reflects that. So he connects this to the central theme in the solar. Again, this is Beloved. So using these letters is Bulava as profound as perfect. And again part of the Bulava as well is the last panel to Allah in the meccan period. Anil McKee the the Quran which we consider to be from Mecca, or before he Jolla, you find most of the verses are short and very powerful in their impact linguists in their auditory impact in their

00:39:47--> 00:39:59

in the phonology, you know in the in the words and the sounds are profound. Why? Because they give striking facts. They have an impact short, shorter statements have a powerful emotional, emotionally loaded

00:40:00--> 00:40:21

They cut through the, you know the hard layer of our thinking sometimes. So that's why you find most of the Koran before hedge law is actually quite short and made us alone. And in a very loving and loving home like one page could have up to 4040 versus right so lots of soft fat

00:40:23--> 00:41:04

so lots more Surat right. All of these are short, very striking, powerful. So they are very powerful words and short statements. These are very profound. Whereas in Medina, there is need for more Muslims have settled there is need for explanation expounding talking about, so to speak the philosophy or the logic behind certain rulings. And it's more or less has a relaxed more of a relaxed style, right? That's Bella. So the words are suitable for them, they reflect the meaning there's actually a unity between the words and the meaning of the structure and the content. There is there is beautiful harmony between them. They are one they're not separate. There's not like two

00:41:04--> 00:41:09

separate entities, you bring them together, they are the same. They are two manifestations of the same thing.

00:41:14--> 00:41:17

Okay, so lots of light, which is one of my favorite.

00:41:20--> 00:41:29

And again, so a lot of light is about to hate, there's a lot of tawheed by the oneness and the worship of Allah subhanaw taala alone in the mind of Allah subhanaw taala alone, again, sort of

00:41:30--> 00:41:42

follows the same rhythm as the source before it. And the Central's verse in it is verse number one. So if you notice I started putting the numbers of the verses just to make it easy.

00:41:43--> 00:41:51

So Elif lama tilaka tokita bola de una de la la cannot be can help when I can follow nursey you mean?

00:41:52--> 00:41:57

It's about again, the book which is the book of Allah, the Koran.

00:41:59--> 00:42:05

And about it being the truth indisputable truth.

00:42:06--> 00:42:08

It's indisputable truth.

00:42:10--> 00:42:23

But most people choose not to believe most people choose not to believe now remember, it links this to the name of the solar ride which is Thunder is Thunder is evident self evident.

00:42:24--> 00:42:29

You can't deny there is Thunder you can't say I haven't seen it. Right. I don't feel it.

00:42:31--> 00:42:54

He's so he's saying that Allah subhanaw taala is saying that the verses of the book, the revelation that was sent to Prophet Mohammed sauce on them is so strikingly self evident as the truth just like thunder, there is no dispute about it. And then throughout this last content explains how and goes to expound on the point.

00:42:56--> 00:43:02

Then so I brought him is one of the famous sources popular source anyone can think of a theme. So when I brought him

00:43:09--> 00:43:16

Yes, yes, follow the same rhythm here. Follow the same rhythm the first verse

00:43:17--> 00:43:25

and if lamb Rokita Bonanza Na Na Cali to regionals, I mean abodo manatee Illinois to be in Europe be him in a Serato as easily Hamid.

00:43:27--> 00:44:15

So look at what this first contains. Okay. This is a Book which We have revealed to you or prophets. So sparked the revelation of a law that was given down to the prophet and he's going to talk about previous prophets. So that's, that's the point, so that you may lead people out of darkness and into the light, but by the will this is by by the will of their Lord, to the path of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy, so it's about the book of a lot of work on that it takes people from darkness to light. So Allah is going to demonstrate in this surah how this belief is darkness in this world. And then the next. So people who disbelieve what is the punishment they're going to get from Allah and

00:44:15--> 00:44:17

thus their life will be dark.

00:44:18--> 00:44:41

And how the believers will be helped by Allah, that's their life will be light. And on, then Allah concludes at the end of the solar at the end of the solar with what is the final destiny of the believers. And then the sorry, it talks about a brand that talks about the disbelievers was going to have the darkness of the disbelievers in the hereafter. And ally mentions it in it. So let's

00:44:42--> 00:44:44

so sorry, the the story of

00:44:49--> 00:44:53

Sorry, I have no right. sleeve No. Before the last page.

00:44:54--> 00:44:55


00:44:56--> 00:45:00

sorry, Brahim. Sorry. Sorry, Brian and Islam and how

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

Ibrahim left the darkness and came into the light.

00:45:04--> 00:45:20

So it's about how the revelation of Allah takes people from darkness into the light. So again, by the way, like some of the comments on these sources is that it's good to know the central theme because if you there is a certain effect you want you can sort of follow these themes.

00:45:21--> 00:45:35

So if someone is stuck in the darkness of disbelief, and they're trying to to find the truth, try to find trying to find the light. The solar contains the elements they need.

00:45:37--> 00:45:39

This tool contains the elements they need. Okay.

00:45:41--> 00:45:43

Smooth soulful hedgers.

00:45:44--> 00:45:55

Salted hedgerow was not easy at all, was not easy at all. And I'll show you this is verse number nine. There was a mistake as far as number nine in

00:45:56--> 00:46:24

the cloud in Lahore half you have on ally says it is we talking about himself who have revealed the remainder and it is certainly we will preserve it. And again here preservation is the sort of talks about this. The preservation of the Quran is not only the preservation of the words, is not only the preservation of the meanings, it's also the preservation of the guidance of the Quran and the impact of the Quran. And it's the preservation of the people

00:46:25--> 00:46:27

who embrace the Quran.

00:46:30--> 00:46:41

It's a preservation of the people embrace the Quran, so people embrace revelation embrace the Koran, Allah subhanaw taala will preserve them. Salted hedges talks about how Allah preserves these people.

00:46:43--> 00:46:45

Then we move on to Salatin.

00:46:47--> 00:46:48

Oops I skipped the Arabic

00:46:52--> 00:46:52


00:46:53--> 00:46:57

Who can recite this for me in Arabic? Good. Let's test you with it.

00:46:58--> 00:47:05

It's verse number 17. Can the one who create all can the one who creates be equal to the one to

00:47:07--> 00:47:10

two those who do not yes FMA. Hello, Kamala Hello.

00:47:15--> 00:47:15


00:47:17--> 00:47:29

is the one who creates like those who do not create. So the whole surah is a comparison. On it's not a comparison, there is an element of Comparison, where a lot exposes the false gods.

00:47:31--> 00:48:10

But it talks about Allah subhanaw taala talks about his excellence in his creation and how he created the universe is excellence in how he deals with the believers and his excellence in how he guides and then Allah tala compares that to other gods false gods. What do they have to offer? Nothing. So Allah is saying is the one who created like the ones who did not create, there's no comparison. So the solar is beautiful. And this is why there's a few verses that compete over this as well. on a level that the

00:48:11--> 00:48:26

name Allah said, Do not take two gods in the Mahabharata Why? He's only one God. Again, so it's towhead. But it's from a different angle from a different angle so Rotella statue out.

00:48:27--> 00:48:28

So let's have a slot.

00:48:41--> 00:48:42


00:48:43--> 00:48:44

So what's the slot?

00:48:58--> 00:49:00

Anyone? So this law

00:49:03--> 00:49:18

that's actually a very good candidate, what we'll have to answer now what will happen as well is a very good candidates will reveal the truth and with the truth and in truth, okay, it's towards the end. It's a very good candidate, but it doesn't connect everything in the solar that's the issue.

00:49:22--> 00:49:26

Again, that's similar, that's similar to this. It's similar, but

00:49:28--> 00:49:29

not yet.

00:49:31--> 00:49:53

Now, when I say sort of this, like, what's the verse that jumps to your mind? SubhanAllah. That's it. You might think oh, that's talking about an incident right? Yes, but sometimes the main theme is strongly expressed and present in an incident. Now, so what is the what is the theme is a colloquium. What is the theme in

00:49:55--> 00:49:56

in the story of Islam

00:49:58--> 00:49:58


00:50:00--> 00:50:07

Believing is there. But look at the verse Subhana levy SLR, we have d.

00:50:09--> 00:50:12

I saw B IV D Leyland.

00:50:15--> 00:50:15


00:50:22--> 00:50:30

Excellent, excellent, how Allah subhanaw taala raises the believers and doesn't leave them. It doesn't let them down.

00:50:31--> 00:50:40

Because they look at the historical context for the revelation of the surah. When did the last panel fatality, the prophet SAW them on the journey of knowledge. When

00:50:43--> 00:51:25

after his uncle passed away, about a pilot, and after his wife had digital, the law passed away, and after what, after five, which is the most difficult day in the life of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Allah, Allah gives you so this is a promise from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Okay, it's a promise from Allah and throughout the surah that's gonna be shown how Allah says will add kolomna Benny Adam, Allah, Allah, dignified the sons of Adam, and that talks about a different type of which is a second type or higher type of dignity from Allah subhanaw taala. And that's for the believers, Allah is not going to let them down. Then a lot talks about the children of Israel and how because they did not

00:51:25--> 00:51:58

stay true to the covenant of Allah. Okay, Allah did not raise them just like he raised the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and a lot talks about other things about the superiority of morality. how Allah raises his believing servants with morality when Allah gives few guidelines about behavior, like don't commit Zina don't kill, right? Do not speak without knowledge and so on and so forth.

00:51:59--> 00:51:59


00:52:00--> 00:52:01

so let's look at

00:52:03--> 00:52:14

it's not easy, you might think it's easy. What? Okay, so the calf is full of themes, beautiful themes and connections, but we want to find the central theme was the central theme.

00:52:21--> 00:52:26

This isn't this is one of the secondary or third level things actually. Yeah.

00:52:28--> 00:52:31

Yeah, yes, the first verse again

00:52:32--> 00:52:34


00:52:35--> 00:53:04

All praises due to a loss of talks about the magnificence of Allah for revealing the Quran. Not only revealing Oran, Allah De Anza, Allah IV, D Al Kitab Hussain, down are revealed as revealed on the Book to His servant, while Amelia gyla, who Eva and ally did not put or leave any crookedness in it. There is no crookedness. Everything is straight about the Quran, crookedness in the language, crookedness, and the meanings there's nothing like this. There's no fault in the Quran.

00:53:06--> 00:53:17

And crookedness in those who follow the Quran. Follow it truly follow the Quran, and crookedness in the affairs of the people who follow the Quran there will be no crookedness.

00:53:19--> 00:53:22

And that's the last month that talks about us How will

00:53:23--> 00:53:27

a law straighten their affairs right? law straighten their affairs.

00:53:28--> 00:53:36

And what else law talks about the story of Musashi he said, I'm a law straight in there for most alleys and I'm with a hurdle. Right.

00:53:37--> 00:53:54

And the story of a girl her name. There's no crookedness in what Allah when Allah supports someone, there is no fault. There's nothing wrong. There's nothing and this is why this Sora is a protection from at the jail because of at the jail is about crookedness.

00:53:56--> 00:54:00

And this sort of is about the opposite. So the Koran is the protection from a danger.

00:54:04--> 00:54:11

Okay, let's stop here at Salatin, this sort of gaff. Okay, we'll stop here and let's move on to

00:54:14--> 00:54:15


00:54:17--> 00:54:19

sun and metallic COVID FCT.

00:54:21--> 00:54:22

Okay, so I'm gonna

00:54:25--> 00:54:27

I'm gonna move this into here

00:54:30--> 00:54:32

and we will get into it. Okay.

00:54:34--> 00:54:40

So we spoke about the introduction, we said there was generally two rules mentioned in them, but we will move

00:54:41--> 00:54:45

to now, I believe to be the second rule. Yes. Okay.

00:54:47--> 00:54:53

He says, Well, how the hell is that when Fei did Chi the 32nd maximum

00:54:54--> 00:54:57

brought will be a moment alpha love. Larbey. Whoa, salsa.

00:54:59--> 00:54:59


00:55:00--> 00:55:13

Point in a ruling has to do more with the generality of the statements rather than with a specific reason for which this text was revealed.

00:55:15--> 00:55:21

Okay. So, a text is revealed about something about a certain incident

00:55:23--> 00:55:24

and it gives a ruling,

00:55:25--> 00:55:31

the ruling, is it only limited to this case or does it apply to every other case that is similar?

00:55:33--> 00:55:55

Usually, okay this is this rule is, is expressed more in the singular, which has a lot to be a moment lovely lab because the setup that the point and every text does is not limited to the specific incident upon which it was revealed. But the text retains the generality of

00:55:56--> 00:56:35

retains its origin the general sense. He says we're the party that will fail to then be more at the highest level at the higher Ron Kathy is saying and this principle is extremely beneficial. And by observing it, the person will get a lot of goodness wherever Monica z and rich knowledge will be a family where Adam Imola havarti hyah fudo Aleman Kathy whakaaro la la to the back is saying and if a person ignores it, and doesn't and doesn't observe it, they will miss out on a great deal of knowledge and they will fall in mistakes and error

00:56:37--> 00:57:01

will handle us will typically have their own I mean annual or solwara him. And this principle is agreed upon by the well versed scholars from Sol Sol is basically saying and others. By the way, the sciences of the Koran and also share a great deal. Almost 50% are the same. A normal Koran and a solid

00:57:02--> 00:57:03

50% of the material is similar.

00:57:05--> 00:57:16

For metal or a tail or a data survey. We're often amakhala Home Office soon I'm in a suburb in New Zealand in Nima here I'm thrilled to have the whole alphabet, Lisa Alfredo maxwelton le

00:57:17--> 00:57:43

Singh. And once you observe this ruling or this principle, and you know that the morpha Syrian Oh, when the more fascinating comment on the reasons of revelation or the occasions of Revelation, these occasions serve serve as examples as cases in point and that the texts are not only limited to this, these specific cases

00:57:45--> 00:58:33

for colo home naza latvija wakatime Anna who anatomy Madhavi woman Joomla t majura dubya. So when they say this verse was revealed about this, or concerning this and that incident, they mean that this incident is included in this verse, or in the meaning of this verse. And it's part of the indications of this verse for in Karnataka Dhamma in own zeal for an re hedayati A will Mati what our fury because as we explained before the Quran was revealed for the guidance of not only the early part of this oma but the later parts as well all the parts were Lahu to Allah Marana bit difficulty with the Borelli kitabi and Allah God commanded us to reflect and ponder upon his book

00:58:34--> 00:58:46

for either to the Bernal and fava M for him there are a number in Ohio now what is yet Kathy are fairly up in Nakuru, Georgia Howdy, my name is Holly Nana, who me through whenever you're saying.

00:58:47--> 00:58:52

So if we contemplate the general statements, or the general texts in the in the

00:58:54--> 00:59:11

in the revelation, and we understand that their meanings cover a lot of cases and so many cases, why would we only apply them to specific cases which were mentioned and not apply them to other similar cases?

00:59:13--> 00:59:19

So that's the ruling and the commentary on schaffung. I mean, it's quite straightforward. It's quite straightforward here.

00:59:21--> 00:59:29

So basically what that means there are verses in the Quran, or Hadith from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam that

00:59:34--> 00:59:36

were revealed concerning certain incidents

00:59:38--> 00:59:41

that were revealed concerning a certain incident. So for example,

00:59:43--> 00:59:45

we have a source of magetta

00:59:46--> 00:59:59

a woman came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and her husband also have an assignment. He said to her Auntie Aliya, calvario me You are like mother, my mother to me, your back is like my mother's back to me, meaning you are heaven for me. I'm not going to touch you.

01:00:00--> 01:00:08

And the Arabs for this this was considered like Pollock, but it was permanent Pollock, that's it. These people cannot get together.

01:00:11--> 01:00:30

So awesomeness, Ahmed said this to his wife, she came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And she complained, the Prophet Solomon said my Iraqi life at home Tia, I can only see that you have become Helen for him. But then Allah revealed as they were talking and she actually she was, she wasn't happy with that.

01:00:31--> 01:00:36

So she was arguing with the Prophet saws. These were called mo janilla the one who argues

01:00:38--> 01:00:39

a lot revealed to him

01:00:41--> 01:01:00

the versus and sort of modular about of the heart those will let you know about Iran, I mean, communism, okay, those who say that statement to their wives, and Allah, Allah instructed them to free a slave or to feed 60 poor people or too fast 60 days and so on and so forth before they touch the wives again, and then they become Helen for them.

01:01:02--> 01:01:09

So this was revealed about this specific story is this verse only limited to the story of awesomeness, Ahmed and his wife Fatima

01:01:10--> 01:01:26

is only limited they're not applies to anyone, right? It applies to anyone. There's also a companion from the commander of the province of cinemas, they were going for hedge. He had long hair and he had an he had a problem with lice and lice in his hair.

01:01:27--> 01:01:39

And His hair was long. So as they were on the way to Mecca, the lice was crawling on his on his face. He was it was getting overwhelming.

01:01:40--> 01:01:43

And a lot pantalla says, what

01:01:45--> 01:02:03

do you do not shave your hair or your head until you have fulfilled the law like the rituals of hygiene you have slaughtered the animals but on the way or during the Hajj he was struggling, it was painful for him. So he came to the Prophet so sudden them and Allah Allah revealed

01:02:04--> 01:02:05

feminine canovee Adam,

01:02:07--> 01:02:47

for him from an account from an academy committee on OBE as a murase affiliate on the CME and also the owner sock so ever had, like had an illness due to an illness or an issue in their head and their hair, then they can shave their head before the fixed time. But they should give us a call and return they should make an explanation in return. So Calvin says as beautiful saving souls mentioned in the books of us what he says nessa latvijas Sahil acoem Amma. He says it was revealed about me specifically this verse about my case specifically, but it applies to all of you Muslims, anyone in this condition.

01:02:50--> 01:03:25

Again, another example is the Allahu anhu. One day he was crying so one of the companions on I believe it was probably ob immunocap asks him, What are you crying? He said, I read the verse. He said, because they ate something they enjoy, he enjoyed some food and he said, I'm afraid that I will be one of those to whom it will be said on the Day of Judgment of habit on play. ghiberti confy Hayato madonia. In the Quran, where Allah addresses the people of the Hellfire, you have used you have already consumed all of the goodness that was written for you and the world they live now you don't have anything left.

01:03:26--> 01:04:11

It was said about the kafar of the Hellfire people will be in the hellfire. I want to help. I've said I'm afraid that it will be said to me, but he's a Muslim. Right? Why? So he's taking the general meaning of the verse and applying it to him. And this is called an assault, a little moon, which is or Babel and the comprehensive statements. If a statement in the Koran is general. It doesn't say this is specifically for the Prophet, or for the wives of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam right. Okay, if it's just an Arabic statement that can be applied anywhere, then it applies. You can generalize it, but you can also generalize it where it belongs. The Hawaiians took

01:04:11--> 01:04:47

this overboard. The Hawaii rich took this overboard so they apply the vs as alumni best said Joe Isla, yet in desert filled carefully in muslimeen they came they approached verses that were revealed about the disbelievers and they apply them to the believers to the Muslims, that was their mistake. Okay. So there are principles, how these are applied, when do we follow them? When do we follow Haas which is the specific, the general the comprehensive or the specific. All of this, you know, the scholars have built structure around around all of that. So this is the

01:04:48--> 01:05:00

this is the principle of today apply the 30 The second principle in the book about education, and which is the cognitive theory. You'll call on an average. Hello everyone.

01:05:00--> 01:05:40

Friday we will take a principle like this and just provide some commentary on it on some examples in it so that we understand it and inshallah will help us with it later on. Okay, just a reminder that inshallah next week we have shared with my homies have Allah visiting us for a week or so. So it's an opportunity for us to learn from a great scholar and benefit from him. Jose don't miss out on this opportunity is great to be in the presence of a scholar to see how they approach knowledge how they teach and how they carry themselves there's a lot to learn from a person like this and so inshallah The halaqa will be cancelled. So, he will be given the hotbar and the Hello for next

01:05:40--> 01:06:03

Friday, and he will be carrying his programs inshallah over a few days. And he's, I believe, explaining two texts, one from Shahada Romana Sadie. And the other one is from Damien on follow up on malaria, which are the laws of inheritance, so it's good, good opportunity to share, I'd love to sit with a scholar and learn from him and benefit from his classes.

01:06:05--> 01:06:08

I can probably answer one question in Sharla. Before we go,

01:06:11--> 01:06:53

any questions? Nothing. So again, just reminder, it's good guys, okay, I'll come to you is good. Again, that you have your own copy of the Quran, or the Arabic or the English meanings. Or if you have any of the references you would like to follow or you want to read one of the toughest here, inshallah, it's good to, it's good to follow with us, it will help you especially once we go with the second round where we're going to go into each surah and as we said, in sha Allah as to our like, pace gela will finish at us every month. So we taken about a quarter of a juice every week, and it's quite doable. It's quite doable in sha Allah to Allah. And we'll try inshallah, to you

01:06:53--> 01:07:01

know, get the statements of the scholars how the sutras connect together nicely. inshallah we'll try to see how this works with us. Yes, question.

01:07:08--> 01:07:39

No, we didn't get that I said, we will get there but inshallah we'll get there next week. But just to give you the point of benefit, Taha is about Allah subhanaw taala, empowering the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam by getting people to respond to his goal, getting people to accept his message. So Allah is going to give him dominance by means of that. So the lateral thigh is a dominant letter is a very powerful letter. So that's why type C inshallah in two weeks from now, please inform anyone you know, who are regular to the class or intend to come to the class next week inshallah.

01:07:40--> 01:07:46

The class is going to, it's not going to be there for next Friday was going to be for the Friday after inshallah, in two weeks.

01:07:52--> 01:08:06

She's gonna he's gonna be for two weeks. Okay, so that gives me a good break, man. Okay, okay. So sorry, Chef. So sorry, Chef Monica is going to be for two Fridays here. Two Fridays. Okay, so in sha Allah.

01:08:07--> 01:08:20

Then we meet three weeks from now. We meet three weeks from now. The third week, yes, the third week, third Friday. From today inshallah, to Allah. Allah here. Salaam Salaam Alaikum hamadryad. You Adios, Adios.