Is Islamic Inheritance Mathematically Coherent
Channel: Mohammed Hijab
File Size: 7.28MB
Come on over council guys, first and foremost, I want to thank you for bringing me up to 50,000 subscribers. May Allah keep me sincere and keep you guys watching my videos and finding them interesting because obviously we do them to to benefit the community at large, and to try to educate people about Islam etc. Now, having said that, I wanted to make a quick, quick video, maybe about four or five minutes. Obviously, I like to speak a little bit more than I say I do about inheritance in the coherence of inheritance. Now, in a nutshell, does some some basically attacks against Islam through orientalists.
On the fractions, or the proportions of inheritance left behind, I believe that they're very foolish attacks, actually. And that's why I don't really use that much frankly, not many people attack Islam like this because
logically, it's not a strong argument and they know it.
But if you look at chapter four, verse 11, onwards, it talks about inheritance and inheritance distribution. Yeah. And also the Hadith tells us how to kind of divide the wealth. Now the question is this, what if? What if the inheritance distribution goes over one? What if it goes over one?
Or what if? So that other words, if you add up all the fractions, it becomes an input what you call an improper fraction where the numerator is more than the denominator? What do you do in that situation?
And really, and truly, this is actually an established thing in the Jewish in jurisprudence. So in other words, Islam has a way of dealing with inheritance if it becomes an improper fraction. So let me give an example. This is actually a very well known example, I've tried to write this down. Because
obviously, it's it's notable example is called l min barrier. This is one example of a min barrier. And the reason why it's called a min barrier is because I live now, Vitaly was on the minbar of the pulpit. And he kind of gave instructions on how to deal with this situation. We know Allium Natalia was an extension of what the prophet SAW Selim told us to follow. So his his rulings or Sahaba, they know how to deal with this. So for instance, we know that a mother gets one sixth and some mother and a father both get one sixth in certain circumstances, and the mother can get one third and certain circumstances in terms of inheritance. If you have
three, let's say three doors, or more, three doors, four doors, five doors, then they get two thirds of the inheritance and a wife gets one eighth of the inheritance.
But when you add all of that up together, it becomes an improper fraction. Okay? So when you add up, like, for example, one sixth,
one, six, plus one, plus two thirds plus one eighth, it becomes an improper fraction. So the question is what to do in that situation? Okay, so I am in Berea would dictate because remember, this comes from Allium nibble pilot, and there's something called allama tree as well, which comes from
these are all things that come from Sahaba. And, and established precedents from the time of prefer.
So what happens, what you would do is you would change the improper fraction. Yeah. So for instance, it usually would have the common denominator, like the lowest common multiple of all of the fractions, I've mentioned to you that one third, or sorry, two thirds, one, eight, etc, would be 24. Okay, that will be the lowest common multiple, but that will be changed to 27. Now what that would mean to the denominator, that would change from 24 to 27. And every other person would get a,
a lesser amount. So for example, the mother would get rather than
rather than one sixth mother and father would get rather than one sixth, they get four out of 27, which is equivalent to about 14.8%.
And the the two daughters,
or let's say two or three, or whatever it may be less than say, if it's $2, or three, two, or whatever, then they will get 29.6% rather than
One of them have an inflow of 3.3%, because it give it to first otherwise, and the wife will get three out of 27, which is 11%, rather than 12.5%, which would be one eighth. So in other words, in the case where it goes over one, yeah, that's what would happen. Now the question is how comes? It can go over one, how can there be an improper fraction? Well, the answer is this. It can go over one because there's a mathematical way of dealing with how it can go over one just like it when it goes under one, right. So for example, if a man leaves behind three doors, yeah, and no one else, a man leaves behind three doors, no one else.
So what's gonna happen? It's gonna be two thirds. What's the third? what's what's gonna happen to that remaining third? So that remaining third
will go back to the doors. Okay, we'll go back to the doors. So, in other words, if a man leaves behind, you're not gonna throw that money away. Do you get it? So the point
Really I'm trying to make you is there is a mechanism of dealing with if it goes over and under one and the premise of Okay, it has to be one, otherwise, it's mathematically incoherent is a false premise, because the state stays the same. So for example, someone has 100 pounds, that 100 pounds does not is not required to go up or down, someone leaves behind 100 pounds. And for example, in the case of minbari, yeah, yeah, that the, we said, in a normal situation, say that the wife would get 12.5% in this situation should get 11%. So it would go down, if it goes over one, if it goes under one, they'll get more money. So depending upon that situation, where if it goes over and under one
the inheritance can, will vary accordingly.
And so I was okay with and that's unfair, or whatever. But that's actually in built within the system of Islam or the inheritance system. So, in a nutshell, there's always a way of dealing with it. And the fractions, they do add up together, and you will be able to find the
lowest common multiple, in most cases. And the truth is, in most cases, it will be near to one. If you add up these fractions together. In most cases, in most scenarios, it will be close to one.
Anyways, I hope you understand what I'm saying here.
And this is a very weak attack anyways, and that's why lots of people will even try and use it because they know that this is an easy answer to that question. But just in case people were struggling because I had a conversation with one person in speaker's corner before about this, and I think a lot of people got confused. But this is what happens if it goes over one these are these are the mechanisms by which and through which Islam has facilitated for us to be able to
basically reason the inheritance the Islamic inheritance. Thank you one more time for bringing up to 50,000 subscribers. I don't usually do videos in my car. If I'm doing it for YouTube. I only do it usually if I'm doing it for Instagram, because I'm trying to become a little bit more active on my Instagram, which you can find links somewhere click the button and you can follow me Charla said Mr. Lincoln warahmatullahi wabarakatuh