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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Nanak nilanjana ad hoc Allah He ultramarine while early he was a busy woman A Da Da Da Da Da was 10 lbs una de la Yomi. Dean,
alumni alumni and founder, one Frank Vina alum Turner was in arena.
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which I mean yesterday Runa cola factory Runa Santa's rubbish. soldering us sadly Andrey, Emily's army of Tony bad. Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
we previously covered the
Quran, the parables of the Quran, although it was done completely online without anyone attending physically.
We started after Ramadan and completed it about a month ago.
And we covered
approximately 4040 something parables from the Quran and Sunnah or parables from the Quran.
And so now we move on to the parables in the sooner the parables that understand
that were mentioned by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And before we get into the parables, it would be nice to have a brief introduction
about Sal about parables, what do we mean when we say
And before that, we can also mention that
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he was a die.
not only the Prophet and the Messenger of Allah, but he was a dad and a teacher.
And it was of Hannah who attacked I sent him to guide all of humanity.
teaching us the message of Allah explaining it to us.
Like a teacher would explain
whatever he wants to teach to his students.
Allah subhanahu wa tada says, describing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
who will lead the battlefield amin or sulan. Yet to do it him, he will use a key him when you only move one key tab or she will use a key him. When you add one more key tab or Heckman one can call blue nephew Bala movie
it is Allahu sent
or who raised for the illiterate because the Arabs were illiterate. They didn't know how to redirect. So Allah said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah says he sent him as a messenger among the illiterate, to recite to them
his words, His revelation,
to purify them will use a key him And the third thing
to teach them
to teach them the book, the keytab and the Hickman the wisdom.
And so the wisdom behind Allah Subhana who attalla sending prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was to teach us
and as such, Allah subhanahu wa tada equipped him so long as he was alone with the tools that he needed in order to be an effective teacher.
And so, his entire life is filled with examples
of effective teaching methods that that you cannot find in any other person in history.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
Allah subhanahu wa tada gave him the tools to be an effective teacher.
And so he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used different ways of getting his message across.
He used stories
and him over administrate admonition
which includes to re enter here to read
to encourage us to do good things.
to discourage us from doing evil
and convincing arguments and also on top of all of that parables and
so these are all different
and just like Allah subhanahu attallah uses, um dad uses parables in the Quran to get his message across to us in a simple convincing way. Likewise, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam used parables as a teaching method to teach his companions to teach them various concepts on various occasions.
Allah subhanho wa Taala says about parables
in the ayat that we recited in Salah, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, What till
now the Rebbe, Halle nasci,
the Hallelujah choco
these are parables that we present
to people for what purpose so that they will give thought, so that they will think
they will reflect
Allah subhanahu wa tada says woollacott Dora banally nasci he has an enemy Cooley metaline. Lala, whom
is a cartoon. And indeed We presented to the people in this brand, every kind of parable for what purpose
so that they may remember.
And so on subhana wa Taala presented parables in the Quran.
He presented them for us to reflect over them
and to try to attempt to understand
this message that Allah subhana wa tada sent.
Now when we say method, what do we mean?
a literal translation would be
or a similitude.
Or an example.
this exists in all languages of the world.
But parable can mean one of two things.
a parable can mean one of two things.
Either a figure of speech,
which presents a short story.
At the end, you have a more or less than that you learn from that short story.
And so, for example, we have the boy who cried wolf.
It's a short story about a boy who
would always cry wolf.
So he would lie. He would tell the people there was a wolf.
But that was not the case. Then at the end,
what happens when he cries Wolf, and there actually was a wolf, that people didn't believe him.
And so they left him and he was eaten by the wolf. At the end of the short story, we have more or less than, and that is
to speak the truth.
And to be aware of, to be aware of the danger of lying.
Another example Allah subhanho wa Taala in the Quran
will do rebula who method and what we'll do rebula who method or Raja Laney Jana hajiman
Gen mitanni Allah subhanahu wa Tada. So little calf gives us the parable of the two men. And so it's a short story that Allah mentions
of two men. One Allah had given him a lot of wealth, he had a he had two farms to gardens.
But he was arrogant.
And the other one he had nothing.
And because of his arrogance, Allah subhanho wa Taala destroys his, his garden.
And these leaves him with nothing.
So this is a short story, a lot of referred to it as a method. That's the point here. A law refers to it as a method, a parable.
From the sun now we have many examples of short stories with a more or less than
what is an example?
Who can give us an example
A short story with a more or less than at the end of it
that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam gave us
we have the famous story of the prostitute, who and two gentlemen.
she gave, she gave that dog that was thirsty, she gave him water to drink.
And so the lesson that we learned from that is that we shouldn't underestimate small good deals.
Because they could be a reason for us.
Even though you had big sin.
And many other examples of short stories that the prophet SAW Selim gave us, at the end of which was a moral lesson.
So this is the first thing that a parable can mean. The second thing that a method a parable can mean is
a statement that conveys a meaning.
By comparing two things by comparing two things, which have common aspects between them.
Usually the thing being compared to is something that we are familiar with something that we can relate to.
So examples of this are the parables of the
the underside of the poor.
And so for example, Allah subhana wa tada says, and I'm Tara, key for Baba wha hoo met Alan.
Kelly gave a lot of adamant about a vulnerable level metal and Kelly mettam are either 10 khashayar, written by Eva, do you not see how a lot presents a parable, an example of the good
that it is like the good truth.
here Allah subhanahu wa tada is comparing what to what
Allah is comparing the Shahada, the caliber of tawheed, to a good strong tree.
And many other examples in the Quran and all the parables that we covered
in the last
class, they were these parables, where a lot compares one thing to another.
And this kind of parable, this is what we will be covering in Sha one to Hana
over the next several weeks, in this class in this halaqa this is what we will be covering this kind of parable. And so from the sooner we have
many examples, one example
is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam drew a line in the sand, he drew a line in the sand. And then he drew
diverging lines to the right and the left of this one line in the middle.
So here he was giving us a method, an example.
And so he said, this is the straight path. And these other paths, these other lines
the deviant paths
that are going to the hellfire.
If you look at him, he also gives a parable of this kind, comparing one thing to another.
And this is his own analogy. He says,
He gives us the parable of good deeds, and
they grow, how are good deeds, they grow.
And they become something huge.
He says the example of good deeds, cultivating growing and increasing is that of a seed that you plant in the ground.
It turns into a tree
then it gives fruits then you eat its roots.
And then you planted seeds. From these new fruits. You take the seeds and you plant them.
Every time the new tree gives fruits, you pick its roots, and you planted seeds.
It continues. It's everlasting.
It keeps on growing.
And then he says the same thing can be said about the reason
Salt, the evil result of sins,
sins, they have the same result.
And so these are two. These are two things. These are two different things when we say parable.
When we say parable, it could either mean a short story with a more or less than or it could mean
comparing two things.
Where the thing being compared to is something that we can relate to something that we are familiar with.
Now, what is the purpose of parables?
What is the purpose of parables? Why do
why do people give parables?
Why did Allah subhanho wa Taala? Give us parables in the Quran?
Why did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam give us parables?
For the moment?
parables, they help us to understand
concepts that sometimes we would not understand. Or it's difficult to understand.
And I'm sure all of us, we've been through that where we went to school. And we had certain teachers that will just teach the concepts. Without giving examples.
They would teach the concepts without giving examples.
And we would leave the class not understanding anything.
But I'm sure we've had teachers.
He explained the concepts by giving us examples.
And those examples meant everything
to us to understand the concepts.
And so parables they help to understand difficult concepts by giving us shared experiences,
to feel as if we are directly involved in these experiences.
And so by using carefully selected parables,
remote truths, remote concepts are made nearer to us, or made more
comprehensible by us.
And so parables are one of the best teaching tools, because, you know, they use symbolic imagery,
and metaphors that we can picture in our minds.
That we can easily recognize, because we have seen those things before.
We have seen those things before.
And so you can convey,
you know, complicated truths and concepts in such a way that they become relatable to us.
And there's two examples I want to mention
from the lives of our scholars of the past.
The first example is
the story of emammal. Kasai,
and the boy
emammal Casa de and the boy enamul casa, he
one of the great scholars
from the second century,
the second Hijri century.
He was a scholar of the Arabic language and the clearer act.
For those of you who are familiar with the killer app, we have various killer ads.
And each one is named after an email. The one that we recite the one that we know is which one?
No, no, no.
We're talking about the clearer out of the
was the student of in an answer.
So this cross is named after him. One of the karate is named after enamel casada.
The kurata of enamel Kesari it's a different way of reciting
enamel Kasai. He was a shepherd until the age of about 40 years.
until the age of 40 years, he was a shepherd.
He was not a scholar.
Not a student of knowledge. He was a shepherd until the age of 41 day, he passed by a mother
encouraging her son
to go to the masjid,
too, attend his grand halaqa.
But he didn't want to go.
So, she said to her son,
and she looked at emammal. Kasai.
She said, My son go to the halaqa.
To learn, so that when you become older,
you don't become like the shepherd.
And so enamel Kesari.
Until now, he's a shepherd. He says,
When I heard those words, I said, I have been made an example of ignorance,
I have been made a parable of ignorance.
People are using me to give the example of what it means to be ignorant.
So he says, I went
and I sold my flock of sheep.
And then I went
and started studying and seeking knowledge.
Until Emanuel casa, he became who he became
a leading scholar in the Arabic language in the Quran.
Until, as we said,
it, until today is named after him.
And so after,
after being an example, for ignorance, he became
he became an example of knowledge. He became an example of,
of determination of high aspiration, who at the age of 40, goes and learns, then comes a scholar.
A story like this would motivate us,
if anything at all.
But the point was,
the point was the importance of
examples. The second story is the story of
and the woman. And yeah, him, was also a scholar, from the third century. He was from the Morteza.
But he was very strong in the Arabic language. He was a scholar of the Arabic language, and poetry and Arabic literature.
And Joshua was once walking in the market. When a woman she came to him and she asked him, can you accompany me to the goldsmith,
a random stranger, this woman, she comes to him and she says, Come with me to the goldsmith.
So he went with her. And when they reached the goldsmith,
the woman she said to the goldsmith, she said, like the face of this man, and she pointed to a jacket.
he was completely clueless. He didn't know what was going on.
So after the woman left,
he turned to the goldsmith, and he asked, What was she talking about?
So the goldsmith, he said, this woman, she came to me.
And she wanted me to engrave
an image of shaitan on her rink.
And so I said, I've never seen Trayvon. So I don't know. I've never seen Trayvon. I don't know how he looks.
So she went and she brought you to me.
And she pointed to you and said,
meaning that you look like tripod.
ajaw Hill was not very handsome.
He was actually named as Java, because of his, his eyes that were very large and bulging. That's the meaning of
So once again, once again, we see how a parable was used and example was used. When you don't understand something.
You have to
give an example.
Because an example it makes what is not understandable, it makes it understandable. A concept that you don't understand.
It becomes clear when an example is given.
So this is why Allah subhana wa Taala used parables
so that no one has any excuse. The entire Quran is filled with
either convincing arguments or parables or stories
that make everything clear.
That's why Allah says that the Quran was revealed
ie taboo, being beaten sounding out of the movie.
It doesn't require
it doesn't require you to go and study something in order to understand the message of the Quran.
And the parables just add to the clarification
so that no one can come on the Day of Judgment saying all I didn't understand this concept. In the Quran, Allah gives us parables concerning Eman and Kufa concerning tawheed and schicke
he gives us parables
that help us to understand these concepts.
And so, the usage of parables in the Quran and the Sunnah
are used for various reasons. Or we can say
that the Quran and the Sunnah consists of a variety of different kinds of parables
for a variety of objectives.
So sometimes to clarify a point, other times to convince you of the truth of something
other times to encourage you to do something good.
And so to Bukhara we have the parable of a soda,
of the sadaqa that you give, which is sincere
and the other sort of God that you give which is not sincere.
So, parables are used to encourage us to do good. parables are also used to encourage or discourage us and to warn us from doing something wrong.
For example, Elisa,
Allah gives us the example of unbelieving social gerat
that what is what is that biting like? It is like you go, and you eat the flesh of your Muslim brother.
And also the prophet SAW Selim gave us many parables
that warn us from doing certain things.
Also, parables have been using the Quranic Sunnah to clarify the difference between two opposing things.
in the Quran, Allah gives us the parable of
the of a man in Kufa
and of the Moorhead and the mushnik.
In one parable, a while gives us the example. What is a person of Toshi like, and what is a person of shift like?
So in one parable, for example, a law says that the mushrik is like
a slave who has more than one master?
How is he going to be able to obey all of them? How is he going to please all of his masters? Allah says, This is what a mushrik is like. And then Allah says, What is the word right? The person of tawheed He is like someone who only has one master.
He is only responsible to obey one master. And so he can easily please that one master.
He can easily please that one master.
And so you worshiping Allah alone, you're able to please Allah subhana wa Tada. And Allah will then become pleased with you. As opposed to the mushrik who has several masters, he can't please them all.
Also, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gives us the parable of two opposing things.
The example of
the believer and the moon
which we will cover in shortland
So the point is that in the Quran and in the sooner we have these different kinds of parables for these various kinds of objectives.
Abraham, he compiled
many of the parables mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah
in one of his books,
which is one of his masterpieces,
called the book is entitled, elemental, more creative.
And basically, he listed 23 or 4343 parables from the core.
And these 43 parables we covered when we went through the parables of the craft.
And like I mentioned, it was not
domestic was not open, it was during the lockdown,
but it was live streamed. And the recordings are they're
And he did this he listed these parables while explaining the letter that rumor of the Allahu sent to Abu Musa lashari.
Abu Musab al Sharia law, who was one of the governors have or one of the judges that was appointed by Obama. So in this letter,
Rama rhodiola, who was explaining to him how to pass judgment.
So he said use your understanding.
He said, do use your understanding when you are unsure about a matter that is not found in the book of Allah, or in the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam.
Then, Judge matters by analogy, PS. So first, he said,
if you have a difficult case in front of you, you're the judge. And you don't find
an answer for this case, in the in the book of Allah. Then use your understanding.
If you can then use analogy, which is class.
And he said, and acquire a good knowledge of
acquire a good knowledge of sad parables, which are basically like and similar cases. So you don't know the answer for a particular case.
Try to remember a similar case.
And that is the meaning of
then go with what you see is more beloved to Allah and resembles a truth.
Then after mentioning all the parables of the Quran,
he moved on to mentioning the parables mentioned in the sermon,
and he listed approximately 40 parables. However, the student has many, many more parables than that.
In the various Hadees, we have many more parables, if you only mentioned 40.
And these 40, that he mentioned are the most common ones that we hear.
But there are many more and we will in Charlottetown have tried to cover as many as we can.
Isn't it tada? We will
try to cover as many of these parables as we can.
basically we will go through
the various books of headings, and we won't be following any particular order or any particular secrets. With the parables of the Quran, we went through the parables in the order that they're mentioned in the
beginning from Surah Baqarah going all the way to the end of the
but with the with the parables
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. We won't go through any particular order or sequence but rather
we will go according to the authenticity of the Hadees. So we will start with the parables found in Bukhari and Mr.
agreed upon tougher finale.
And then after we have covered the parables that are found both in Bukhari and Muslim, then we will
look for the parables
that are only mentioned in Buhari and then the parables only mentioned in Sahih Muslim. Then after that, we'll move on to the parables found in
Before sunim, a Buddha would
tell me the unnecessary and it'd be magic. Then after that, we'll go through the rest of the parables mentioned and found in other collections of heavy like Muslim International,
or motor in Amharic, and so on and so forth.
And obviously, as we go further into the other books, we're gonna find a lot of
a lot of Hadith that are weak and not authentic. So we're going to try to stick to that how these are found to be authentic, even though when it comes to
using both Hadees the scholars have permitted using weak ahaadeeth when it comes to when it comes to football in Atlanta, which is basically those Hadeeth that encouraged us to do good deals.
So, the scholars have heavy they say that, as long as that week heavy,
as long as
it is encouraging us to do
a good deed which is authentically established in other authentic hadith, then we can use it. So for example.
For example, we have a weak Hadith that talks about
is from the Sunnah
to pray in the morning, at the time of Buddha the early morning after sunrise.
The Prophet also needs to do it and he used to encourage us to do it.
And we have authentic hadith regarding.
But now let's say you come across a weak heading,
then the scholar is they permit citing that Hadith. It encourages us to do something good, which is authentically established.
But now let's say we have something which is not authentically established. For example, salaat at the Saudi or Salatu to speak.
There is no authentic hadith regarding it.
So you cannot say it any Hadith, weak Hadith that talks about encouraging us to pray that Salah because it's not authentically established.
So if we do come across those kinds of parables that they have,
they have precedent in authentic hadith but the Hadith itself that we will be using, it may not be authentic, then we'll mention it will mention it based on this rule that the scholars of Hadith they mentioned