Principles Of Tafseer Part 3
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
File Size: 14.09MB
This is our third lecture in the series
on March 16 1991, the first two lectures so far we have tried to establish something.
The first lecture was a general introductory, introductory lecture
and he basically showing the importance of the science of proceed
and stressing the fact that
the theater itself is not something
easy in itself we're talking about the Quran or giving your opinion but the Quran is not the light matter, but it's a very important matter and, and in order to do it properly, there's certain steps that should be followed.
The last lecture we discussed the principles of proceeds from the Quran itself.
And what are some of the basic principles of proceeds that we can derive from Quranic verses?
Well, we came up with 11 basic principles, one of those basic principles that we came up with
which will be the,
the basics, or the the topic of today's lecture.
We mentioned less than that one of the basic or one of the principles that says that the Quran points out is this the Prophet Muhammad says synonyms and one of his rules is to explain the Quran. In other words, I listen I know what data we can see, as divinely appointed the problem
as being the person who is able and who is responsible to sin the Quran.
But this principle is based on for example, the verse in the Quran, in which Allah subhana wa tada says ones in they lick at least the beginning in the Cabrini Nascimento.
Neither Allah subhana wa Taala has revealed the ticket to the Prophet Mohammed says Islam
and the decklid here could have
a mother's difference opinion among the dilemma about exactly what SQL refers to in this verse. But in any case, it is clear that the vicar was given to the problem hammer says the limb in order for the problem has has been explained to mankind what has been revealed to them.
What this verse
has done some of the most well studied and other scholars have pointed out, it implies two things. One of the things that implies is that
the the problem is the synonym was obligated to convey everything that he received from Allah subhanaw taala was secondly also it it conveys that the problem is the seller must have been given the knowledge and the responsibility to explain the meaning of
what is the problem hematoxylin was simply given the responsibility and he to explain the Quran to us but Allah subhana wa tada is not at the same time, give him the knowledge of the Quran. And it would be an obligation beyond anyone's ability, although somewhat data does not give me those kinds of obligations to maintain.
Legally, the level of an ILA was up. So therefore, this verse in the Quran is pointing out that in fact, the program assists elements was enrolled in accordance with responsibility to explain to maintain what has been, what has been revealed for them, was secondly, also related aspects.
And he this verse also is clearly pointing out that if we want to know the meaning of the Quran, who wants to know the meaning of any aspects of the Quran, we should look to the problem hammer system and see how the problem has explained that particular version.
So, this establishes the the problem.
As we mentioned less than the Quran is one of the basic sources of procedures to put on itself. What this means. And in this verse shows us the second basic source and effect as the score as mentioned.
And almost all the scores are agreed upon the fact that and sources of potassium First News, the Quran, we talked about less than, and secondly comes to some of the problems or the problem homocysteine in himself.
Well, this leads us to an important question. Well, this question is if it was the responsibility of the problem, common system
to explain the Quran
to explain what was revealed to mankind?
The question comes up, is that if we look to the center of the problem, I'm assessing him and if we look through his head if we can ask in fact, how much of the Quran did the provinces actually explain?
other words, did he actually explained everything in the Quran? Or did he not explain very much in the Quran? Well, at this point, I will open the floor for common sense.
Actually, the among the scores, which is which we've seen so far, there's two opinion on this point.
Even taymiyah and those who follow his opinion, is of the opinion that the province of cillum explain everything of
cod and some others are of the opinion that the province of Ceylon did not explain very much
was the proof of inventory means that the process eliminates strain.
And in virtually all of the following.
The first proof lies in the vs.
Just a little while ago when a link is equal to beginning to be in a nursing facility like that. And it was his obligation to explain to people the
Quran and the Quran, this verse was given to me his argument is this and he This was his obligation to explain the difference explain all the differences, or all of the Quran, or the province of Finland, and he did not leave Therefore, any verse unexplained
was his second. Second proof, actually has four proofs will just mentioned three of them because one of them,
I think, is even too weak to mention.
His second proof is the statements of mini sahabah
that when they learn the Quran, they would only like take 10 verses at a time. And they will not go beyond those 10 verses until they learn what they meant and apply those verses. So they used to as they said, they used to learn from the process.
And it needs to learn both the and will from the from the province.
But his third proof that the provinces cillum explained everything in the Quran is the statements of
the boat the boat said one of the last verses, this was revealed to the problem promise a synonym was a verse concerning interest, or river
said that the province has seldom died before he explained the meaning of that verse.
And in which even pay means implication from that is that it was the practice of processing them to explain every verse
is saying with respect to that verse, He died anything at least from knowledge, processing and died before he explained to me
like those are his three, or what has a fourth or
any important book should be explained by anyone with you think
kind of a strange argument that he makes, and it with respect to these three arguments.
Is there any comments on any of these three.
But so with respect to the, to the first verse, or the first, that is the first argument is even taymiyah.
His argument is faulty in the in the sense that an elder was was the obligation of the process in him to explain to maintain what was really revealed for them. And if it was something clear to them, and didn't need any kind of explanation, then you cannot say that the process of infield and explaining it to me says it was clear there was no need for explanation. So therefore, that verse is not a strong enough proof that the premises silom explained virtually everything. So with respect to the third,
third proof that he has that
and he said the process and him died before he explained the meaning of that verse concerning River. Also, it could be a seminar argument that this could this could have been a verse that wasn't clear. So that's why at least wasn't clear.
Well, that's why I
was hoping for some kind of explanation. So this is not, again, this is not a definitive argument that the province has
explained yet all the verses in the Quran are about the second argument.
The problem with the second proof that he gives, is it actually the Hadith say that they used to learn
10 verses and then apply them. So therefore, learning application at the same time, was the head isn't clear about the manner of learning.
If you read the headings, clearly, and is this kind of a general term, and it doesn't mean necessarily that they learn all of it from the problem from the system. And is it all of the learning they had from the Quran was directly from the problem?
When in fact, something that something that's
included I mean, something that a me included in this argument actually goes against what
what he is trying to prove because part of what he part of what he said under this statement is that it took for example.
So many years to learn sort of Docker was this actually took place even after the death of the system was
This shows us when he was saying that learning is the only actually knowing what
sort of thing. This is showing us. It didn't mean any learning all of it directly from the problem hamsters didn't
save on the other side, as the group of scholars who say that the promises didn't explain very little,
what they did this was the opinion of a suti and some others and the proof for their arguments.
First of all, there is statements of Ayesha, the prophet, prophets wife,
I'll be a lawyer law that she says that the province has said and commented on very few verses of the Quran.
She said the provinces in him commented on very few verses of
their second argument.
And we actually we alluded to this before the left hand with Alan Braun
orders the believers any to ponder over the meanings of the
few verses in which I listened to what that is, or in the believers to ponder over the medium. Well, of all the put on was explained and finished and from the problem canister system, their argument is this. And then there would be no need actually to go further and ponder over the medium of the Quran. Well, the third argument is very similar to that. This third argument is the prophets for Ivanova which are listed in which the Prophet says in him as Allah subhana wa tada to grant him both understanding the deen and also the the understanding or interpretation of the Quran? Well again, has the Bowser system explain everything these people are you it wouldn't have been necessary for
the provinces send them to make such a drought for the border, even Amber.
Any comments on these three
words respect to the statements of Asia. Actually, it is not the authenticity of the narrative by someone who was
rejected, completely rejected extraordinary. So I just statement that the process of them coming in on very few verses the Quran, this is not an acceptable argument or acceptable proof
with respect to the second and third arguments
any pondering over the meanings of the Quran.
First of all, these people are saying that the prophets of cinema explained very little.
Well, even the arguments here does not negate the possibility of this processing and explained much.
Well let some things open that you have to ponder over. So therefore any they're not actually getting, they're not actually proving what they want to prove. And secondly, also any to ponder over the put on is different from saying that the Quran hasn't been explained. Because even if the Quran has been explained by the problem comes assylum. Nowadays, for example,
the sick, like said Papa for them. And if you take the verse that was explained by the prophet, still, you can ponder over his explanation and come up with an executive, What did he mean how to apply it? And what cases where does it apply and so forth. So there's no relation actually between pondering over the Quran, how much the Prophet Muhammad says cillum explained.
In his book, on the sphere, he takes the kind of a different approach he disagreed with both views.
which all of us here seems to disagree with both views or or view people, I am giving my my views that happy, he went back to a statement and then I busted with respect to the knowledge and to put on the knowledge of the Quran can be divided into four categories.
One is the kind of M, or the kind of knowledge that Allah subhanaw taala kept to himself and did not give to anyone.
What secondly, is the kind of knowledge that only scholars know only people don't know anyway, pondering over the Quran and
deriving laws and driving rulings and wisdom from McLaren was third, and their categories what you can know from the blonde simply through the Arabic language
what the fourth part of the Quran is the type of an auntie that is so clean the Quran that no one is excused for being ignorant of those aspects.
So, the habitation with respect to this question of how much the province has hidden and explained the Quran
and he said that if we keep in mind what for example of an address said in the statement, we can see that we can see clearly that number one is out of the question any of those things that Allah subhana wa tada did not reveal to anyone. And the fourth aspect, those things that any no one is excused for not knowing and it is
You obviously the process and them did not explain, one is economic explained, the other one is so obvious that the procession did not need to explain. Number three, also what you know from the Arabic language, since the other word as we know the best when it comes to the Arabic language, he also says, and the support system did not explain these aspects. So the policies didn't explain what was needed and those things that were needed come from the second category and he those things.
And you, they need to be derived from the Quran, but they are not clear by themselves from the Quran. And all this man with Allah give him the knowledge to explain those things
from the Quran. But if we,
if we think about this question,
perhaps in a deeper fashion.
And the way that Mohammed
has been saved,
the way that the score is most of the scores were discussing this point. And it makes it kind of a moot point to point to doesn't have much meaning to it.
And that is, when you say that the province has an entity explained the Koran.
Well, you mean by that simply, and he did, he took every verse and said, This is what that verse means. And this what that verse means. And he This is not the only way to explain, there's many ways to explain things besides just speaking. But also, when you put something into action, you're also showing us was the case of the problem system, you're showing me how to apply the forum, you are explaining how the plan is actually to be to be applied? Well, this is as defined in the in the statement of Asia, as brother mentioned, the he mentioned that the provinces enemy and his personality was or his character and he was put on, and in fact, he was explaining implementing the
Quran in front of the people. And when you look at it that way, yes, the provinces explain how to play the Quran
about explanation. We're talking about how to play and how to understand the Quran, and it would look that nuts way. And yes, the promises to them did explain all of the fraud. And he applied all the crimes. Now as we're speaking about, specific versus
anything that this person means that or any commenting on specific verses, there are many reasons as brother pointed out, there are many reasons why any, we don't find a great number of studies of that nature in which the province is speaking about civic versus although we will mention some.
But the fact is what holds us here, which is basically doing is just to make the sort of the Quran simply by narrating what the provinces Selim said, with respect to each, each verse. But if we want to look at some of the reasons why
there wasn't much need for the provinces in them to comment on on each verse. Some of these reasons have already already been mentioned, discussion. One of them is that many verses of the Quran are so clear that there was no need for the purposes of him to comment. And
secondly, also, as we mentioned, the Arabic of the Sahaba. And it was excellent and And furthermore, the Quran was revealed in the language, not only was the language excellent, but the Quran was revealed in the language and in their dialect, and so forth. And thirdly, also the Sahaba were living at the time of the revelation, and they witness the revelation. So they understood clearly what the verses were talking about, for example, when they just came back from my husband did some verses talking about what happened in any there are things that are very clear to them, they didn't need to ask about them. And fourthly, also, and this is a very important point that many scholars
many writers don't mention, don't talk about is that the Sahaba, beyond any witnessing the revelation beyond any knowing the Arabic language, they also had a very firm foundation and very firm understanding of the religion itself. And the the basis of the religion, the foundation of religion, and many verses only a few if you understand the the basis of the religion, you can understand what those verses are really talking about. As opposed to someone who's not very well grounded in the religion, these verses mean, the same verses may not be very clear.
Also, the Sahaba
knew that it wasn't proper for them to ask too many detailed questions about the Quran about the revelation of the problem.
So therefore, in general, they did not ask many questions of the problem how the system has been done. So of course, we found the purposes of commenting and much more.
Versus no Quran text. Some people say that I will only ask the provinces in them. How many
1313 and a 13 placed in the Quran where Allah subhanaw taala says that they ask you about sentences the answer, but that's not some people say that, but actually their argument is not correct. We won't go into that right now. So the conclusion and the conclusion from that.
From what we've been seeing is that it's actually
It wasn't necessary for the father to tell them to verbally explain and give an explanation for each verse of the Quran. In fact, it was sufficient for him simply to explain some verses which were not clear which were misunderstood by some Sahaba was sufficient for him just to explain some verses and beyond that, to apply the whole of the Quran in front of the Sahaba, so they could understand what the Quran is really talking about and see how it is
implied in front of them.
Now, if we move from this, to see how the how the provinces cillum actually explained the Quran, and what was his role in explaining, Ron, you see, any not only was he the explainer of the plan, but we see that and without him, in fact, we cannot understand the Quran. And it's not just the case that he was explaining some verses the plan, but in fact without, without his guidance, without the end that Allah subhanaw taala has given him like, Danny, we would not be able to even apply the Quran curriculum, as we will see
were any First of all, in some cases, the province has seldom supplied details that the Quran left out.
And not only was not only with respect to a camera with respect to laws and rules, but even with respect to stories of the province, for example, you'll find many heads in the provinces to them in which in which the public is explaining verses of the Quran, where he's giving an explanation that this has much more than what the Quran actually says. For example, if you go to sort of cap
coding to sort of recap who was the who was the Companion of the Muslim who was the one that most wanted to see?
In the Quran, it suggested that he is a pious man
doesn't say he who was was, doesn't actually give his name.
Well, what was the reason that Moosa wanted to see
what was the event Danny that led Moosa to wants to see
and when he was asked Danny about whether there was anyone more knowledgeable than him, he was at a time when he was at and and he he may slip them He said, No, because as far as you know, there was no one was more than him. So Allah subhana wa tada told him about someone who had any
more knowledge than, than him. Also in the in the end in the editing process, delimiters about anything which explains this, there's also some portions, some statements for example, that you will find in the editing policies in them that you will not find in the Quran. One of those statements is respect any related to the whole story as a whole the purpose of the story, one of them is with respect to them of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And how much human beings have with respect to that.
So if you go for example, to Sahih Muslim and you read the Hadith about them, and you'll see that the province has certain parts of his role of explaining the Quran is to give as much information that the Quran in fact lifta
also the story of the public good. And if you go to Milan, you'll find actually very little as mentioned them
and the people love
And in the in the Quran, what do you find about
The big, the basic thing mentioned in the Quran is that they were burned for what we learned.
And basically, they were they were burned alive because of their belief in all this.
Yet the long story behind it, what led to that, why would they believe so strong and so forth? None of that.
But as mentioned in the Hadith of the Prophet,
so, this is one aspect of the of the theater of the cinema for him as being a source of deceit is that in many cases, he gives us much of the of the detailed details to put on these Oh,
well, obviously, as we mentioned, we mentioned earlier we mentioned that we kind of the principles of the Quran with respect to subsea is that you do not go to useless detail.
Obviously, the fact of the process that I mentioned is other details, in fact means that there is a lesson and there is something important in these details. And the policy statement did not mention these details for no reason was in fact
any of the details that are left out there was supplied by the problem system also has a message in a meaning to them and
that we can benefit from and so therefore we should turn to them and read them and understand them in a way similar to that we turn to the Quran. Also, the prophet Mohammed Salim
he made many statements
that are in fact, similar to verses in the Quran or emphasizing the same meaning or clarify, giving further clarification or further emphasis to somebody. That's
what is also the pain of a ban or explanation. Because the more you talk about something and Brother Mohammed just alluded to it the, if you mentioned the same thing twice, but you mentioned it from a different angle, even if the meaning is the same, but you say it in a slightly different way. And he This gives the This makes it much easier to understand exactly the meaning
what is being meant?
therefore we can go,
we can go to the headings of the problem.
And find those headings which are similar to verse in the Quran and take them together and get a much deeper meaning and a much stronger meaning of what Allah subhanaw taala means, exactly, by by Allah subhanho wa Taala statements in the Quran.
Of course, a very important aspects of the of the provinces in the explanation of the Quran, which is an aspect that no one
is that it was the role of the promises in them
to explain and to implement the general and unspecified or undetailed commands of the foreign key this was the job of the Minister cillum his role and in fact, if you think about this role, it really it is almost as if it is
any clear sign from Allah subhana wa tada that in order to understand the Quran, we have to look through the Sunnah of the Prophet cinema, the Hadith, the prophet uses him because it was the practice of the Quran, and he talks to
and he makes to make things or to state things without detail or bluntly and an Allah subhana wa tada in his wisdom, less detail of those things in their application to the problem himself, for example,
and with respect to what is one of the most
important how many times have a look at data? Or is this to establish the salon
So, is there any place in the Quran in which you're listening to what data shows us? Or tells us how to break
even the timings of the salon Is there any place in the Quran which you listen man without explicitly tells us the
specific by some of the some of the alumni discussing this point and if you go to the Quran,
and you only if you just try to
go from the Quran
and determine actually What does,
how to pray. It says that what you will do is you'll pray one Raka three times a day.
And in the Quran, describe the judwaa described, mentioned even reading Quran, not in the order but giving some benefit of a doubt to those who wants to take their existence then they say that and it the the minimum that you find in the Quran is to pray three times a day, you take different verses and mentioned different times you can put them together and conclude that they are referring just to three times.
And I don't have to remember
not not just one many people, but even any even beyond that, we see that actually the provinces
and actually the Sharia itself is giving a meaningful example to Surat which is not the Arabic meaning of the word
in Arabic meaning means what do I need to supplicate or to to ask or to make invocation to Allah subhana wa tada one fact the province has in them and he showed us that this is not actually the meaning of Surat in the Quran by his implementation. And furthermore, also the cat
fasting and Hajj all of these things have not been explained in detail in the Quran was the only way that we can know how
to perform these things
by looking to the sun, the problem
will probably if this was the only aspect of the of the seminar the promises in them with respect and honor to be sufficient to say that any of the Sun is indispensable in a flame upon and
because you cannot know the things without looking to the some of the problems
also, anyway, with respect to we talked about before the problem having sensitive explaining the Quran one aspect that we mentioned is this process and I'm explained those verses which were not necessarily clear in himself or just the Sahaba misunderstood, well that was one aspect.
Any of this rule with respect to the Quran is to explain the meanings of words.
Whose meanings might be vague for any reason, you might have more than one read more than one meaning. So,
an example of that
case and by the way, this this point and then the previous points also show that even an excellent excellent knowledge of the Arabic language, even the any an excellent knowledge of the Arabic language is not sufficient to understand
even the language the only the one who knows as the name of God says no one knows all the Arabic language, but if someone claims to know all of the Arabic language, it would not be sufficient for him to understand exactly what to put on this document was unfortunately, as we mentioned before some people when they turn to the Quran, and even Wolfenstein and some people will call them simplicity and when they write the C and E they forget that any just by going by the Arabic language is not sufficient, you have to go by the sources of procedure, which you are describing and mentioning in the previous lecture in this lecture.
example of where the quality system explained something.
And it was meaning was not clear by itself because actually has more than one meaning as the general, more specific meaning was
a person who was rested in the philosophy remember less than all the verses we refer to practically were written a lot.
Today also this verse was read, and this is a living animal. Well, let me help you so a man on the moon koneko
koneko, the human
this verse in the Quran, and English could be those who believe and obscure, not the wrong, they're believed by wrongdoing. Others, by the way, picked up translation. I'm thinking this study and thinking this directly from a translation from those who believe and obscure, not the belief by wrongdoing, there's a safety and they are right in the game.
Now, but what was he doing? And he wins this verse was revealed, also the Sahaba. And because of the word boom has a very wide meaning. Go means what?
Not to person? Not sure. This is this is Danny, these are examples of
anything you can put anything not in its proper place. This is not
our Arabic experts.
So don't any the way they understood it is that any if you mix your your faith and your practice of Islam with any kind of wrong and doing anything wrong, then in fact you are not from those people that are listening or whatever described in this verse where this was very hard for the Sahaba themselves. And he understood the verse, what it meant was they said to me this, they even complained to the problems of deliverance, if any, this is too difficult. We cannot do this. What was the problem? Having said to them who explained to them of course, you will know that we're going in this case, is what
it means to promises and I'm told them that this is not the meaning of the verse. In this case, the words don't mean should well when translating the Quran although and making the fit of the Quran, you should keep this point in mind
that this was one of the rules and promises tell him that if a word had more than one meaning, and I'll listen to him without him, it's one thing by it, it was the the job of the promises to them to tell us what is that meaning that all this happened without me but so if anyone should, for example, translate the Quran nowadays, and translate the word don't hear
wrongdoing. And he this mistake
While there's many if we go through the editing process, we can find quite a few cases in which which is probably a synonym explained, and it has specific meanings of some verbs, some words that have more than one more than one meanings to them any In other words, the problems that Dylan was saying that this word has more one meaning but this is what kind of data means but one very important aspect of the of the problem homicide seldom
Is this any some things Allah subhanaw taala mentioned in the Quran without
any restricting the meanings. In other words, they're unqualified, they are Muslim, while in fact, their meaning is something qualified for you, or they are general and while their meaning is something particularly hot. What's interesting to note that even many people,
even though many of those people who claim that they don't follow the sending of the programs to send them they don't believe in the sin of the problem hamsters in them. And the sin is not the source of proceeds and so forth. And even these people out of the vagrancy they will find them following the some of the problems.
One of the one of the groups as you're familiar with it, that negates or denies the placement
Is the group of Russia believers group? And why attended one of their conventions?
Of course, wasn't invited. But
instead I attended one of their conventions, I met with many of them, they refused to let me speak with them so, because I met with many of them, and asked them very clearly about the punishment for a thief
ask them what is in the Quran, what is the punishment 14 according to their understanding, and it is the same that that they do not follow the the
the problem Hamas asylum and they do not look too soon and they do not consider the source of the Sharia. So ask them according to them what is the punishment for a thief they're just going by the Quran all of them said the same thing. All of them give me the same or less you also the same in the Quran, what is the punishment for this?
So, so the verse drawn from sort of the light that just says, to cut the head of the thief, female or male well yet means what? Well, we looked at the around the admins
and helping you glue any everyone in the Muslim world and all of these people that are said halifa they said you put the hand from the
climb I'm saying that there's no way to know that except by looking through the some of the problems.
Because yes, in the Arabic language means when Allah subhana wa tada talks about making Moodle
a lot to handle with dialysis, wash your yet and
play plus you yet until the elbow, the word yet. And this verse doesn't make any sense, wash your hands to the elbow, your hands and goes to the elbow. So you cannot because the word the Arabic word for yet includes everything and the whole actually.
And we can say arms closer to arm the word arm in English language and includes all of the arm. So if you are going to say if you're going to claim that the punishments for the thief is to cut
his hand and need to cut them out from the risk, you know that and all the Muslims know that even those who claim they don't call this in the provinces and they only know that because of the some of the problems of the of the problem. There is absolutely no place in the Quran in which you will find it identified this is simply to simply to the risk. Similarly, by the way also does it mean that we cut the hand of anything?
There are some conditions to be bled right?
Where those conditions come from where
from the Quran again from the sun and other problems. So, it was it was the one of the most important obligations of the provinces system when it comes to its payment plan is to explain the conditions and qualifications for specific commands. But again, this kind of knowledge could not be known except through the knowledge that Allah subhanaw taala had given the problem
and he knows that the Arabic language in anything else would not be able to to lead us to this conclusion. Similarly for example, Allah subhanho wa Taala in the same surah Neda Alyssa Hannah with data
as forbidden as forbidden carrion.
carry no carry,
the thing that is dead by so while also in the same verse, Allah Subhana Allah
and blood and carrion are both prohibited by law. No, it's not in the Quran. But we know from the sooner the problem has a synonym
that it doesn't apply to all carrying all blood right?
What are some of the exceptions.
For example, the dead animals that come from the sea are exempt
the spleen and the kidney,
liver, liver, the spleen and the liver are exempted. While also another type of curious
view from niche
these explanations are decided the problem comes down to them are showing us clearly
any kind of data does not mean these terms in material form are unqualified, but they are qualified for some conditions. And the only one who knows those conditions originally was Alyson hanworth Allah who gave that knowledge to the problem of a Sicilian who was his obligation to give that knowledge to us. Similar also as many verses in the Quran with meanings or not
what Allah subhanaw taala actually intended by them, and the only way that we know them
clearly is again through the Haddington through the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad.
An example of that
when we travel,
many times we are
practice to shorten this allotment may cause what is the proof of any from the Quran that when we travel it is permissible to make
okay, that allows us from sort of any set
we're asking what is the chronic proof to shortness?
Okay, I, I say I argue that, if any, we did not look to the similar problems. There's no real proof in the Quran that we may shorten this Roswell free travel. Well, in fact,
at one time agreed with me.
Because what does the verse say?
If you continue
system now. So the verse actually says that when you travel in the land, you may shorten the prayer, if you fear
if you fear from the enemy,
what is conditioned me implies that if there's no fear, and he that this is this is the, this is something that Allah subhanaw taala allows you to do when there is fear of them. Well, now when we travel, is there any fear?
So why? Why do we? Why do we feel shortness of breath? Okay, for example, when you go from when you go from Riyadh to to McLean.
And it's the from the front, it seems that is the only time we may shorten the prayer while traveling is in fact, if we have some truth in what they said, this is how long we have understood the verse. Well, he went to the problem of necessity, and said to him, Danny, that why should we shorten the prayer? Now when we think when we travel, we don't have any fear, then what was the proper hammer synonyms response.
And he did, this was actually a permission from Alyson Henrik data, because we may do that, and he was traveling, even if there's no fear, what this means actually, what this actually means that this condition, and encrypt them that if you fear is actually not
the most obvious meaning of it from the Arabic language, it means it's conditional. But in fact, it's just giving the any one of the more obvious cases or giving the example of one of the main reasons why it is permissible to throw in the Virgin, but doesn't mean that that's the only time it's permissible to shorten the birth. But if the latest glow works to come up with that he had, obviously that kind of his dad would not be acceptable, because this is the kind of room with a kind of noise and only Allah subhanaw taala could tell us about the Quran that he gives to the problem.
And another example of that, again, was the Sahaba themselves, although they witnessed the revelation and they were experts in Arabic language and so forth.
It was not that's not sufficient to understand what the lesson what they mean by the Quran. One other example of that deals with Ramadan, the fasting Ramadan, in which Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us to eat and drink until one.
How would you translate it? There's no like the club's translation of bonus wrongdoing, how would you
please like the meaning the meaning could be it could be understood that Allah subhana wa tada thing is this, we may eat until the white bread becomes distinct from the black bread, minerals project, or this and it could be understood to mean at budget time.
One of the Sahaba I've even had some he understood it in that way. So therefore, underneath his pillow, he used to keep a white string and a black
wall every morning and every time I put it down, he would eat and drink until he could distinguish between the two.
Well, this is the fact that he kept this two strings and needs to fill this was brought to the attention of the problem, Mr. Selim, what did the process tell him say to him?
Because of what
he said Danny must have a very large puddle because it means it has to cover the whole, the whole horizon because the verse is not referring to the white bread in the black robe but it's it is referring to the white streak, budget as opposed to the black any during the nighttime.
So this is one aspect of the a very important aspect of the role of the provinces in them and explaining the Quran is it many meanings are many words in the Quran. Many verses I should say could have more than one meaning or it could be easily misunderstood.
What was the beauty of the problem?
assisting them to explain those meanings, the Sahaba
another important aspect
that we can get from the the problem hamsters dilemma and understanding the Quran is that it was through the synonyms The problem is a synonym that we know what verses of the Quran have been abrogated.
And what versus put on has been abrogated are.
What the most probably the most
clearest example of that
was when the Prophet said seldom, and he thought the people
who do I need
to take any the revelation from him? This was the the punishment for presented. What did what did it used to be the punishment for isn't it which we find in sort of denisa
and it to be to be kept in the house?
Until, until In fact, there's a verse even says, Hey, the verse almost implies that there will come a verse coming later, until Allah Subhana with Allah gives them and in some other way, was was the was the problem, hundreds a dilemma who told us and he did this verse, the verse of stoning.
Actually, the diversity of flogging was the verse that repealed the early verse. And he the only way actually the only real way to know if one verse abrogates another verse is by looking to the sun now the problem is I didn't look into either his statement as was this case in which he clearly showed us that this is the verse that reveals the reverse or looking to his son and see how he applied the different verses of the Quran. Finally
there's another aspect to the relationship between the problem homicides in them and and the Quran.
Well, this relationship is that any alyssum Hannah with Darla and put on
shows us or tells us this brother to send them was a perfect example for us. But then in the computer also like also to husband What if unless of Hannah with data, as we know Allah subhana wa tada wants us to follow Islam follow the Sharia to follow the straight path. In other words, Allah subhana wa Taala is ordering us in the Quran. No need to follow the Quran. But at the same time, Allah subhana wa jal is telling us that the problem is the example for us to follow.
So what this is, what this is telling us is that his his life, his application, his way of life, is actually the application of the Quran.
Allah subhana wa tada mentions about the Quran that guides the straight path, and also says about the problem, the problem and the system guides the streets. Well, this means that their way of life or the teachings of both of Bronson are completely consistent. And one go hand in hand in hand with the other was anyone talking about the simile of the problem hamsters in them,
and how it explained to put on many stories, the anti stress on very, very noticeable aspects and he that you can say for example, the Quran has ordered us to, to pray. And this is how the provinces in pray, or the Quran tells us to fit to handle disease and this is how the provinces have been put to him as a team. But if we try to look at it in wider terms, and there's many things in which Allah subhana wa tada that Allah subhana wa tada orders us to do in the Quran, that you cannot just put it down into do this any one simple action and so forth. Any more general concepts for example, the Quran tells us to have suffered and to strive in the way of Allah subhanaw taala island to be
forgiving, and to have humility and so forth. All of these things are things that Allah subhana wa, tada orders us to do.
Well, even these things, Danny, although they are general terms a little kinder with Allah did not leave it open. For us, you need to decide for ourselves, how are we supposed to have someone
for example, and it's not. And it's some people they take for granted, run or resist to have suffered, but also suffer by itself has its own definition in Islam, that we can see in the verse in the Quran, and more importantly, we can see and how the promises are applied and what was discovered. So any very important aspect of the relationship between the problem homicides in them and the Quran itself or the problem on the cinema, as a source of suggests is that the province has dynamics explained and showed us how to apply these general concepts of the of the Quran, and how we're supposed to have silver, how we're supposed to, for example, of not not caring that much about
this union. This is perhaps a very important example because this particular example and he later Muslims went beyond the limit and they and they went and he they applied this aspects of the Quran in an incorrect way. So the way to know for example, how to know how to really be
acidic from the Islamic point of view.
And from the systemic point of view is by looking to the sun now the problem is that any
He showed us the limits, and he tells us what is acceptable and what doesn't exist acceptable. Now, as I said, many,
many writers when they talk about the relationship between the symptom of the problem and Mr. Silliman Milan, they neglect this aspect. Although it is in fact probably one of the most important that when it comes to the general concept of the Quran, how to live our life, according to specific characteristics, as the as the prophets wife mentioned, he mentioned that we mentioned earlier and he is the province character and his personality was the Quran itself. So, and even more importantly, besides telling us the meaning of specific words and the meaning of specific verses, and his life really showed us how to play the blind as a whole and how to live
as a Muslim as a whole.
Well, these are any due to shortage of time, I will not go into much more detail about any of these aspects these are but these are some of the some of the most important rules of the problem.
When it comes to explaining the Quran. Well as we mentioned, any that these aspects these rules of the prophets of Allah was his obligation to explain why Allah subhana wa Taala gave him that knows to explain the Quran as the province has in them says that he was given the Quran and something similar to it. Well, this was all any part of the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala that he revealed the Quran and not just as a book by itself, but he revealed it to a messenger and he saw the messenger could explain it and show us exactly how to apply it.
Now it comes to a very important question.
Last week, we talked about the Quran as a source of fear. This week we talked about the sin as a source of fatigue. Now the question is which one takes precedence? The Quran or the Sunnah
in the Quran itself or the cinema and interpreting the Quran? Well,
if you if you remember our course in most of you, we did not.
We discussed in detail from a theoretical point of view which one takes precedence from a certain point of view. We discussed in detail whether the Quran or the sermon that takes precedence
we have an internal mechanism.
So what did we conclude was the strongest conclusion
any we concluded that there's no argument to say that the plan comes first. And the the, the authority of the Quran comes from the fact that it is a revelation from Allah subhanaw taala not that it's molested or something like that. But the authority of the Quran comes from the fact that this is a revelation. And the sooner is also revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And in fact, any day are equal respect to Santa Claus. Now the question is
what takes precedence now and in the following lesson? Well, I'll give you an example perhaps, you
know, perhaps it'll make it just more confusing.
We talked about yesterday, we talked about last time that as you read
and you read the as you read the Quran, some persons interpret and give meanings of other verse in the Quran
I'll ask you, I will ask you a question about
How do you make the same
this is a dry ablution
How do you make
that so now what what do you say
about how to make it based on
according to the according to the Chevy, and is it when you make it?
You're supposed to wait, you're
right. When they say okay, let's go to the salon and see what is the Quran say is the meaning of
the clauses they can come to it is the case of Moodle.
Well we'll do is similar to alchemy, it has the same as to talking about the same kind of thing. So they say this when you make the moon and you wake up to your pelvis.
Okay, well, all of you can even do
that is any interpretive put on in light of the Quran.
But suppose there's a hadith that says the Prophet system did not do it that way that he simply wiped over his hand.
What takes precedence in that case?
The heretics person is what?
He takes precedence because it's not ortis specific statements on that, on that question,
in general, and when we talk about this kind of headed intrapreneur put on
Then the reason the seminar takes precedence over the phone
in this case, and is the way the way the proper system explained the finance takes precedence over anything else? Well, this is why some of the stuff, they said that the Quran is more needed the sum not than the sum doesn't need to. Because the sooner is the explanation in general, the Quran by itself is missing its explanation. Well, you need an explanation. If you take a book, for example,
someone wrote, for example, on a book an athlete, for someone else came, the book is three pages long, someone else came and wrote the short 500 pages. If you just took the curve by itself, you won't even have to look to the original and the original. Well, this is also an author.
He argued the same way and he did. We cannot know the meaning of the Quran simply by looking for ourselves. As we've been saying all along, we have to look through this. And
so on these 10 cases, for example, when when the Quran says you get the hand of the thief, and the Prophet says Adam says not every day that has made this condition,
yet an adverse doesn't mean all of the hand. For now all blood is haram. Allah subhanho wa Taala says the blood is haram, for the province of Satan says not all blah, blah, the sooner any explanation of this takes precedence over the general medium. But any there is another case,
which is different.
And by the way, this
really What does just explaining it is Jenny consistent or too supported also by something that happened during the time of debate, when Satan
was explaining some stating some heads to the promises and and we read it. And someone came to him and said that in the in the book of Allah is something different from what you were saying. We're saying answer was it the Messenger of Allah knows the book of Allah better than you do? In other words, any What do you think and how he applied it was consistent with the Quran because it actually came from Allah subhanaw taala. Now, there's another case.
And he this cases are clear that the sin as explained in the Quran, so obviously, what the some that says takes precedence to the Quran. But there's another case, which is the application of a specific edits to a specific verse, which is based on HTML. In other words, is the verse of the Quran we want to know what does it mean?
When someone says, I understand this verse in this way, because of sentences versus
what somebody else does, I understand this versus this way, because this had these systems. But that is not directly related to that verse. So you have a KTM, where the headache is not directly related to the verse and another verse in the Quran is not directly related to the verse no words, both of them are a matter of HD head. So in this case, and it's not clear that the President there you have to make the surgery or you have to study which argument is stronger than that. But when we're talking about heads of the provinces hidden, in which she is
clearly stating or explaining the verse in the Quran than what he states takes precedence over the general meaning of the poem. For example, when pick a dog, as I mentioned, when he says later don't don't as long doing all of you said it's wrong, because the way the province has explained it takes precedence over what the Quran says.
That last point is clear.
Well, not only I needed to Providence and explain the Quran, apply the Quran and is therefore a source of deceit but also we find inherited processes and the same thing that we did last time when we talked about the Quran.
We said not only the Quran explain itself, but also in the Quran, you find many of the principles associated explained in the Quran, also inherited provinces then
there are some principles of subsea that
that we can find in his own Hadees.
I'll just mention two of them.
One of them is the province of Tulum. As we mentioned last time, even the Quran pointed to this, the province has seldom pointed to the fact that we should not rely on Australia to get our understanding of the deen and to get knowledge of the Quran.
Based on the heads of the province that seldom found on a roof above reading the Torah
the Province of Canada became very upset and said that even if
most of them were alive today who would follow my Sharia, we discussed this in more detail last time and I will not discussing any more this that and when we talk about Australian yet also inshallah, in the future, we'll discuss it in more detail. Well another important aspect of this year that the province that Dylan mentioned, Danny if we understand it correctly,
he pointed to a rather large topic
any rather encompassing topic, and that is the province has been pointed to the fact that the Sahaba his Sahaba were following
the straight path and he when he said that the mobile break up in the 73 groups and all of the groups will be in the Hellfire except for what he and his Sahaba were following. And he this shows us also that one way that we should understand the Quran and tried to seek the Quran is by looking through the Sahaba the provinces in them and see how they understood the Quran and how they applied the frog. Well, that is inshallah The topic for the next lecture. And we now discuss the four two sources of substantial Quran. What the Sunnah was the third source is the Sahaba, the companions the problem houses in them, and next time we'll discuss them in detail