Sciences of the Quran 7/16

Isam Rajab


Channel: Isam Rajab

File Size: 39.08MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:06--> 00:00:22

Smaller Manuka Honey Honey La la la mina teslin Milan was Ramadan anonyme Amina Mohammed Al Assad Benjamin, Santa Monica to La barakato thank you for joining us in the tafsir class today inshallah we will discuss the fate of Surah Al Fatiha.

00:00:24--> 00:00:39

Surah Al Fatiha is the first day that we see in the Quran. Once you open the Quran, this is the first surah you find and therefore it is called Al Fatiha. Surah Fatiha is unlike any other surah in the Quran,

00:00:40--> 00:00:51

it has lots of virtues. Usually, if you wrote a book, if you start with something important, you mentioned or you list the

00:00:52--> 00:00:57

in the introduction, the important things and Allah subhanaw taala

00:00:58--> 00:01:02

included sort of the fact they had the beginning of the Quran for a reason.

00:01:03--> 00:01:26

So, this is an attempt inshallah today to fade the depth of Surah Al Fatiha to try to understand more. Why it was mentioned at the beginning what are the meanings that we can learn from Surah Al Fatiha so the fact that it has many meanings and names and Fatiha means the beginner the opener

00:01:27--> 00:01:42

because it is at the beginning of the Quran. So it is called Al Fatiha the opener also have the meanings or have the names of Surah Fatiha boom Al Kitab the mother of the book in Arabic

00:01:45--> 00:01:50

the mother of the thing is the thing that encounters other thing encompasses other things

00:01:51--> 00:01:52

like they say about the head.

00:01:54--> 00:02:22

The thick skin that covers the skull It is called Omar Ross, the mother of the head. Why because it covers the entire head. It is called Allah Subhana Allah Allah in the Quran he called Mecca Omen Cora why Mecca was called Omen Cora again for the same reason it's like the master of the other villages and cities. So Surah Fatiha is called also Omar Koran, or Omen kita

00:02:24--> 00:02:28

another name for Surah Fatiha a sub l muthoni.

00:02:29--> 00:02:36

The seven repeated I at a sobre el Matheny. So we learn from this hadith that

00:02:38--> 00:03:26

certain Fatiha includes seven if Allah says in the Quran, voila, that a Naka Saba Subbu Amina Matheny, well, Quran and Avi, we have certainly given you seven repeated diet and the Quran. So it was mentioned in particular surah two fatty This tells you that it is an important surah in Arabic usually or even in other in other languages. If you love something, or if you have something important to you give it lots of names. In the Arabic culture, they love the horses. So they give the horses many names and they all for the same horse. The same thing with sorts, they call it Sam Mohan saw him and it is for sort. Even nowadays in the Western culture, they drink alcohol so they

00:03:26--> 00:03:31

give it lots of names wine, beer, champagne and all these names.

00:03:32--> 00:03:43

Why because they love it. So that the fact that he has many names, this tells you that it is very important surah one of the names of surah three Fatiha a Salah,

00:03:44--> 00:03:46

it is called a Salah

00:03:47--> 00:03:56

because of the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or some to salata. vainio in abdeen is fine, I divided the prayer into two halves.

00:03:58--> 00:04:07

If my servant says Alhamdulillah, once he says Alhamdulillah Praise be to Allah. Allah says, My servant has praised me

00:04:09--> 00:04:41

and so on. So sort of to Fatiha is also called a Salah of the virtues of sort of the fatty hand of the names of certain Fatiha as she found, the cure Surah Fatiha is cure. Now we believe as Muslims that the entire Quran is q 100 zero now kurama when she found out I mean, that's what Allah says in the Quran. And we sent down on the Quran that which is cure for people for the believers. So the Quran in general is cure and so that the Fatiha in particular is cure.

00:04:42--> 00:04:46

Why? Because there is an incident also at the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:04:47--> 00:04:52

Outside the holder of the Allah one who was traveling with a group of people

00:04:54--> 00:04:59

of the companions, and they passed by a tribe and they asked to be hosted

00:05:00--> 00:05:31

They asked the right of the guests from this tribe, but they were not given that right, and the tribe were miser to give them the right of the guests. So the companions left. They were not hosted by this tribe. The people were mean. But in the night, now, they did not go far in the night, one of the people of that tribe came to the companions, and he asked if they have someone who could give Brooklyn who could give a cure. And he said that the chief of the tribe he was

00:05:32--> 00:06:00

bitten by a snake or by scorpion. So outside of the long run, he recited Surah Fatiha on that wound on that injury and the poison was going out and he was killed. So the man was killed why Surah Al Fatiha by reciting Surah Fatiha Of course, because the companions were not given the guest, the right of the guests, so they requested something in return for curing their chief.

00:06:01--> 00:06:03

And they were given 40 sheep.

00:06:04--> 00:06:23

But when they went back to the messenger sallallahu sallam, some of the companions felt that it was not okay to take these sheep. So they asked the prophet SAW Selim but he approved it. And he also approved what I was signed up for the lawn did. So it means that it is truly autopia it means that it is okay it is cure, it is healing.

00:06:24--> 00:06:53

This is for Surah Al Fatiha outside of the law, he only recited sort of the Fatiha and it was cure for that man for the chief of that tribe. So, this is another virtue for Surah Al Fatiha that it is a cure. Now, some scholars also said that certain Fatiha is a pillar in the Salah, which means if you don't recite Surah Fatiha in the Salah. Your Salah is incorrect, it is none. And there is a hadith of Abu huraira de la Juan

00:06:54--> 00:06:57

kulu salata, Rafi Makita

00:06:58--> 00:07:16

any prayer that you don't recite in it sort of it is incomplete, it is hidden, and that means incomplete. Some scholars derived the rolling that Surah Fatiha is a pillar in the prayer. And this is another reason why we call Surah Al Fatiha Salah.

00:07:18--> 00:07:22

You read it and recite it in every Raka in the prayer.

00:07:23--> 00:08:08

So according to some scholars like the Shafi school of thought it is a pillar of the prayer. If you don't read Surah Fatiha in the Salah. Your sizing is incorrect. This is the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah and Muhammad Rahim Allah. Some scholars said only if you don't hear the man read it, like in vote or ask for prayer. You read Surah Fatiha but once the Imam reads that his recitation is also a citation for him. So scholars deferred, but this is the only surah that you recite every in every single prayer. So if you pray every day at least you have to read Surah Fatiha 17 times and this is not to any other suitor only to tsereteli Fatiha. Now one of the virtues of certain Fatiha

00:08:08--> 00:08:11

as well. The hadith of Abu Sayyaf,

00:08:13--> 00:08:32

meanwhile are the Allah one. One of the companions of the messenger of Salaam Salaam. He was praying in the masjid. And the prophet SAW Selim called him but he was praying so he did not respond to the messenger Salah after he finished the prayer. He went and he said to the messenger, so I said him that I was praying.

00:08:33--> 00:08:39

So the prophet SAW said and told him, I will teach you the best surah in the Quran before we leave the masjid.

00:08:41--> 00:08:58

When they were about to leave the masjid, he told the messenger Salaam you did not teach me the surah You promised me. So the prophet SAW Selim told him sort of the fact it is the best surah in the Quran. So that's enough, the best surah in the Quran Surah Fatiha this virtue by itself is enough.

00:09:00--> 00:09:19

The same narration with different wordings happened to obey big capital, the law when he was praying in the masjid, and also the Prophet sallallahu wasallam called him. And when he finished the prayer, obey when capital the law he came to the messenger of science Allah, and the prophet SAW said, I'm told Do you want me to teach you a surah?

00:09:20--> 00:09:33

That there is no similar to it? in the Torah, and the gospel or in deserver of the wood? So over there answered, Yes. So the prophet SAW Selim told him Surah Al Fatiha

00:09:34--> 00:09:59

By Allah, there is no similar to it, or Allah did not send down similar to it in the Torah, or in the NGO or invisible. So Surah Fatiha is a unique surah indeed, some scholars said all the meanings of the other books, all the commandments, all the regulations, the forbidden things, the lawful things

00:10:00--> 00:10:25

sent down in the war in Torah and LG, they are all included in the crime and all the meanings in the Quran are included in Surah Fatiha. So Surah Al Fatiha is global surah not look at it as seven if only but it is global surah So, this is Sora Fatiha and we will start inshallah with the first issue of Surah Fatiha, which is

00:10:26--> 00:10:28

Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

00:10:29--> 00:11:13

Is it an ayah is it number one of certified or not? We already discussed and we said that certain Fatiha is seven as all scholars agreed so that in fact the high seven is because the messenger Selim himself said several method. So, it is seven but where does it start? does it start from Bismillahirrahmanirrahim or it starts from Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen and the Westmont is not Anya Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Is it the first day or not? And the Shafi school of thought they say it is the first day Bismillah R Rahman Rahim. Therefore, you have to say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. You have to start with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Other scholars said Bismillah R Rahman Rahim is

00:11:13--> 00:11:23

not an ayah from Surah Fatiha yes it is an A from the Quran. And Allah subhanho wa Taala sent down Bismillah R Rahman Rahim as separation from

00:11:24--> 00:11:52

the or between the students. So once you finish one surah you say Bismillah R Rahman Rahim and then you start the other sooner. That's why it is mentioned at the beginning of the Quran. Other scholars said it is not an ayah from Surah Fatiha nor from the Quran. It is just recommended to be said so, there are difference. There are different opinions amongst the scholars whether Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is an ayah from the one or not, however, most of them agreed that it is better to be said

00:11:53--> 00:12:35

to be recited. Now again reciting it does it mean you pronounce it aloud? Or you say it silently in your heart? smilla rahmanir rahim do you pronounce it or you start by saying it in your heart and then you start allowed that hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen whoever said it is an ayah. They said it has to be said aloud. Like a Shafi in the school of thought of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, they say you have to pronounce it. You start by Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. And they caught the hadith of Abu huraira de la Juan Abu huraira. Allah has started the Salah, and he recited Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

00:12:36--> 00:12:39

And they asked him why he did that. And he said this is the sooner

00:12:40--> 00:12:50

the other Hadith or the other schools of thought who said that you don't have to pronounce it? Yes, it's recommended to be saved, but you don't pronounce it, they said. And so the last one.

00:12:51--> 00:13:13

He said that I prayed behind. The prophet SAW Selim Auerbach, Omar and all of them. They started prayer with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. So they said this is in both Sahih Bukhari and Muslim and as rhodiola one, it did not go to the Sunni only from the messenger Salah but also from Abu Bakr and Omar.

00:13:15--> 00:13:40

So you don't pronounce Bismillah R Rahman R. So it is a controversial issue amongst the scholars and mammon catcher Rahim Allah listed these listed these opinions and you have to read what he said about Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. So this is the fifth issue, whether you pronounce it or not, but it is of course he commanded to say it. You start by saying Bismillah R Rahman Rahim, but you don't pronounce it.

00:13:42--> 00:13:56

Or according to the Shafi school of thought you pronounce it as well. Now Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is recommended to be said always the Sunnah of the messenger saya salam to start like when you eat, what do you say? The first thing you say when you eat?

00:13:58--> 00:13:59


00:14:00--> 00:14:02

when you enter the message, what do you say?

00:14:03--> 00:14:04


00:14:06--> 00:14:43

When you anything you do anything when you write a letter, what do you say? Bismillah. That's what the prophet SAW. Selim said, even with the kuffar in the contract and the truth of who they were. When they wrote down the terms, he said Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. So So hey, what a long time before he becomes a Muslim. He was the negotiator with a messenger saucer. And he said, we don't know what you're saying. Bismillah R Rahman Rahim. But right instead Miss Mikela home. So it was written Miss Mikela home. So you start everything with Mr. Lachman. Even with your wife, even the husband and the wife, the two spouses when they made the start with Bismillah

00:14:45--> 00:14:50

everything you started with Bismillah R Rahman R. So here we have this

00:14:51--> 00:14:56

or this beginning of Surah Fatiha Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim. What does it mean?

00:14:58--> 00:14:59

Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim.

00:15:01--> 00:15:01


00:15:03--> 00:15:07

we translate it to In the name of Allah Bismillah

00:15:08--> 00:15:24

R Rahman, the Most Merciful, or rahang, the Most Gracious, or you could say the compassionate or any other meanings. So that's what you say In the name of Allah Bismillah. So here, you start, In the name of Allah

00:15:26--> 00:15:34

Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Now let's, let's take a look at it. Let's say the translation is, in the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Gracious.

00:15:36--> 00:15:38

That's the beginning. What do you do next?

00:15:41--> 00:15:43

You move to the next day, which is what?

00:15:45--> 00:15:53

Alhamdulillah? Are you with me? Or you're not with me? You say, In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Gracious.

00:15:55--> 00:15:59

All praise is due to Allah. Now, is this a correct? beginning?

00:16:02--> 00:16:05

You start something, you start an essay, or you start

00:16:06--> 00:16:10

a sermon by saying In the name of Allah.

00:16:11--> 00:16:12

And then you go on.

00:16:14--> 00:16:15

What do you think?

00:16:16--> 00:16:21

Yes? Well, the correct or the complete sentence? How does it start?

00:16:24--> 00:16:31

Doesn't it start with with the name now? Or a verb? Here, we don't have we have what proposition?

00:16:34--> 00:16:39

Do you understand what's going on here? Maybe because we say it always we did not think about it.

00:16:41--> 00:16:41

What do you think?

00:16:43--> 00:16:45

In the name of Allah? Yes, we have an answer from

00:16:49--> 00:16:53

Abdullah said no. What? What does he mean? It is incorrect or it's correct.

00:16:55--> 00:17:01

If you say no, it is not a good beginning or not correct, then what's the good beginning? How does it start?

00:17:05--> 00:17:09

In the name of Allah, it implies actually something

00:17:10--> 00:17:15

in it. So there is something which is not mentioned, in the name of Allah.

00:17:16--> 00:17:17

Just like an Arabic

00:17:18--> 00:17:25

Bismillah. In Arabic, it's incorrect to start with proposition, jar and Mujuru we say in Arabic, it's incorrect.

00:17:26--> 00:17:32

You have to imply something you have to, to imagine that there is something which is not mentioned.

00:17:34--> 00:17:35

And here it is the same thing.

00:17:37--> 00:17:53

In the name of Allah, it is as if you are saying I start in the name of Allah, or my beginning my documents in the name of Allah. That's what's implied. That's what's omitted which you have to, to understand from the sing in the name of Allah.

00:17:54--> 00:18:34

In Arabic Bismillah, they say Abdo Bismillah I start in the name of Allah or diety. My beginning is the name of Allah. So you have to, to imply whether a verb or a noun, my beginning or I begin the same thing in Arabic, that will be similar. So again, remember the meaning always when you start something you start with the name of Allah subhanaw taala Bismillah R Rahman Rahim. But as I told you, many people, they don't think of that meaning because it's always repeated Bismillah R Rahman Rahim In the name of Allah, so they don't really they don't really focus on

00:18:35--> 00:18:37

the eloquence of this statement.

00:18:38--> 00:18:47

There is something implied in the name of Allah means I start in the name of Allah or my beginning my commence In the name of Allah.

00:18:50--> 00:18:59

Bismillah R Rahman. Now Allah, Allah is the name of our Lord, and no one was called Allah.

00:19:01--> 00:19:09

And some scholars discussed whether this word Allah, is it derived from a verb or it is

00:19:10--> 00:19:11

a noun by itself.

00:19:13--> 00:19:43

Is it from the word Allah means Abba Lu means worshiped Mahmoud. So it is Allah, the worship or it is the name of our Lord Siva, one of the scholars of now of grammar, Arabic grammar, when he came to the word Allah to define it, he said, There is no need to define Allah. There is no definition. It's the most known thing. And it's very difficult to define something which is not. Now if I asked you to define the sun, what do you say?

00:19:44--> 00:19:46

What's the definition of the sun?

00:19:50--> 00:19:53

big ball of gas. You could have any big ball of gas.

00:19:55--> 00:19:56

What's the definition of water?

00:19:58--> 00:19:59

Something you drink

00:20:00--> 00:20:11

He drink lots of things. You see it's difficult so he said, It's obvious, there is no need to define a law because He is the Lord our family.

00:20:13--> 00:20:22

So this is the word Allah. Other scholars said Allah is derived from Allah means Aveda. So Allah is the worshipped.

00:20:23--> 00:20:28

Either way, no one was called the name Allah, but through God.

00:20:29--> 00:20:41

Therefore even even the non Muslims, the Arabs, the non Muslims, they don't call the false gods, Allah. It's only for the true God. Even the Jews, the Christians and the pagans.

00:20:43--> 00:20:59

Like even the Arabs at the time of the messenger Salaam, they may call hubel. Ella, for us a lot, but they don't call them Allah because Allah goes always directly to the trigger. So this is a unique thing for the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:21:00--> 00:21:10

It is very light and very sweet that you don't feel it you say Allah, lots of times a day. Shadow Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah,

00:21:11--> 00:21:14

Allah Bismillah it's very sweet and nice name.

00:21:15--> 00:21:22

Any other words? Do you say it in Arabic? You feel if you repeat it, you will feel it, except Allah.

00:21:24--> 00:21:31

And some scholars also said it's the greatest name that if you ask Allah by it, if you ask a lot by this name, you will be granted.

00:21:34--> 00:21:38

So this is the word Allah then R Rahman.

00:21:39--> 00:21:40

R Rahim

00:21:42--> 00:21:46

are among the most Merciful, the Most Gracious or

00:21:48--> 00:21:49

the compassionate.

00:21:51--> 00:21:54

What's the meaning or what's the difference between Iran and Iran?

00:21:56--> 00:21:59

they overlap both of them are derived from one

00:22:02--> 00:22:05

meaning, which is Rama from the mercy

00:22:06--> 00:22:10

or a man rock ramen from Russia or hain from Latin also,

00:22:11--> 00:22:15

they are both taken from the description, Rama, mercy

00:22:17--> 00:22:45

because Allah subhanaw taala is so merciful, Allah sent down on Earth. One part of the Merci, merci was divided to 100 chairs and last and down only one all the creatures, human beings, animals or creatures, they share this one partner and 99 mercy 99 divisions shares of Rama are kept for the Day of Judgment

00:22:46--> 00:22:47

for the people

00:22:49--> 00:22:54

on the Day of Judgment, so this is the run at the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala as Allah says, What am I to say at

00:22:55--> 00:23:13

my mercy has encompassed all things. So Rama? These names are Rahman and Rahim they are derived from mercy, but they say Rahman is more merciful than it is general mercy.

00:23:15--> 00:23:20

So you could say, In the Name of Allah, the general a merciful

00:23:22--> 00:23:24

and the merciful in particular.

00:23:26--> 00:23:39

They say Arjuna means for everybody. It is for the disbelievers because even the disbelievers Allah subhanaw taala shows mercy to them, otherwise, they would not be given a sip of water

00:23:41--> 00:24:23

$1 to spend, but Allah subhanaw taala provided for them, and they gave them lots of things, this is out of the mercy of Allah. So this goes to this name, this attribute Rahman while Rahim it is a special nursing for the believers only. Allah says what can I build me Nina are a Hema and he was with the believers rahima He did not say what cannot be mommy Nina or Amana scholar said, Man is more general. It is bigger than our head. Both of them are similar, but our man for everybody and Rahim for the believers also this meaning was discussed by even Cathy Rahim Allah in the book.

00:24:26--> 00:24:38

So this is the meaning of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Now, we're moving to the first or the second day, according to some scholars Alhamdulillah

00:24:40--> 00:24:49

Alhamdulillah now if you read most of the translations, what do they say about this word? Alhamdulillah What's the meaning of this word? Alhamdulillah

00:24:50--> 00:24:52

thank god handys thank

00:24:54--> 00:24:57

praise. What's the difference between thank and praise?

00:25:00--> 00:25:01

Do you think?

00:25:05--> 00:25:06

Also when you say praise?

00:25:08--> 00:25:09

Is that true?

00:25:11--> 00:25:15

Tell me now someone asked you, someone came to you and told you you read Alhamdulillah?

00:25:17--> 00:25:18

What's the meaning? What do you tell him?

00:25:20--> 00:25:21

What's the meaning of an hamdulillah tell

00:25:24--> 00:25:28

all praises are due to Allah while you say all praises.

00:25:31--> 00:25:34

Exactly very good. Al, Al.

00:25:35--> 00:25:38

In Arabic It has the meaning and means all

00:25:40--> 00:25:40


00:25:43--> 00:26:05

they say l here means Linda's Tara sometimes l uses for used for different meanings in Arabic. Once inshallah you study Arabic once you know these types of L, you know the differences. Here l means all all praises. However, even this translation is incomplete, insufficient. When you say all praises, why?

00:26:07--> 00:26:09

Here's the answer. Now, when you praise someone,

00:26:11--> 00:26:13

does it mean you necessarily love him?

00:26:16--> 00:26:25

Yeah, exactly. The Kings, you may praise the Kings to take their money, you may praise someone to avoid his evil, right? Is that applied here?

00:26:26--> 00:26:29

Can you can you say I praise Allah without loving him.

00:26:31--> 00:26:38

In Arabic, praise by itself means Mad, Mad, Mad. to praise someone.

00:26:40--> 00:26:48

I praise Him, while hand hand is something bigger than praise. Hand include, includes praise and includes love

00:26:49--> 00:26:59

includes many things appreciation, but most importantly, it includes love means that you are truly praising him, not for any purpose,

00:27:00--> 00:27:18

Only for love to admit that he deserves it. So that's an additional meaning for Alhamdulillah. All praises, with love All praises with thanks also. Now in Arabic we differentiate between hand and sugar, hand to praise, while sugar to thank.

00:27:20--> 00:27:33

And also this difference is discussed in the book. You go back and you see what they've been considered a mission and hamdulillah. So it is not praise be to Allah This is incorrect. All praises

00:27:34--> 00:27:36

with love are due to Allah.

00:27:39--> 00:27:40

Allah, Allah, Allah me.

00:27:41--> 00:27:41


00:27:43--> 00:27:44

what's the meaning of from?

00:27:46--> 00:28:04

Lord, Lord of the worlds now, when someone says, I am the Lord of this place, I am the landlord. If it's a big place, you feel it is a huge thing. What about all the worlds Lord of the worlds?

00:28:05--> 00:28:20

We have many worlds, the world of the human beings, the world of jinn, the world of angels, the world of devils, the world of animals, all these worlds, who's the Lord, alas, pinata, Lord of the worlds.

00:28:25--> 00:28:41

So if there is someone who could claim that his Lord of something, Allah subhanaw taala is the Lord of all the worlds. He's the true, Lord. Now, Your Lordship in this life, even if you had any type of lordship,

00:28:42--> 00:28:43

it is very

00:28:45--> 00:28:46


00:28:47--> 00:29:16

Because you may possess only the ownership of this house for a limited number of years before that, it was for someone else. It was maybe for your parents or for someone else that you purchased from, and later on, it will be taken from you when you die, while the Lordship of philosophy panatela is eternal. It is real. That's the Lordship of Allah subhanaw taala. So once you hear that Lord of the worlds

00:29:17--> 00:29:19

from behind me,

00:29:20--> 00:29:31

then again, Allah says our Rahmani ally. So do not think even though Allah subhanaw taala is the Lord of all things all words, he is still Rahman and Rahim

00:29:33--> 00:29:43

is still with mercy. Unlike other people, if they had a little bit extra money, they transgress, they grow arrogant.

00:29:44--> 00:29:54

While Allah subhanaw taala is merciful, so it is suitable after Allah mentioned that He is the Lord of the worlds. He mentioned that he is still a man and

00:29:57--> 00:29:59

when Allah subhanaw taala says

00:30:00--> 00:30:04

Maliki Yomi de Maliki, what's the meaning of Maliki?

00:30:07--> 00:30:07


00:30:10--> 00:30:11

on our master

00:30:13--> 00:30:50

Malik is the honor, again, the ownership of Allah subhanaw. taala is real, is real. Which means you can do whatever you want. Allah, no one can ask him why he did this, or bla bla bla bla bla, now your your ownership, let's say you own a house, don't you have to pay taxes? If you wanted to do something in your own house, you cannot do it without a permit from the city or the state or wherever. While who could there to ask Allah subhanaw taala why he did this? Allah is the true owner.

00:30:51--> 00:30:52

Maliki only

00:30:53--> 00:30:56

the owner. Now again, He's the owner of fourth.

00:30:59--> 00:31:18

No, in this ayah He's the owner of they have judgment. He already said He is the Lord of all the words. Now he's reminding you that he is the Owner of the Day of Judgment first because he already said that he is the honor the Lord of the worlds. Now, why Yama Dean is mentioned in particular

00:31:22--> 00:31:25

why Yeoman Dean is mentioned in particular.

00:31:30--> 00:31:50

On that day, no one can claim that he has any type of ownership. Now people may claim that I own this ion that I possess, I have this possession, but on the Day of Judgment, no one will dare to say I have any type of ownership. Therefore Allah will call on people Limon in Mongolia.

00:31:53--> 00:31:54

Ownership belongs to whom

00:31:56--> 00:31:59

on this day and no one will answer Allah would say lay

00:32:01--> 00:32:12

to Allah the one the irresistible. So, this day, in particular, as mentioned, because no one on that day will dare to say I have any type of position.

00:32:14--> 00:32:26

Now another recitation for this I Maliki Yomi de Malik means honor. There is another suspicion it says many kiyomi de Malik, what's the meaning of medic

00:32:28--> 00:32:45

King. So, this is the beauty of the parrot and inshallah, next class we will discuss the parrot, medic King. So we have now King and we have on both of them. Now, they are similar, but still there is some difference, when you say I am the owner is different than I am the king.

00:32:47--> 00:33:04

Now, sometimes you may, you may be the king, but you cannot own or you don't do anything you want. Yes, you are the king, you are the highest person. Just like in some countries where the king, he has some status of authority, but they cannot do everything.

00:33:06--> 00:33:17

So he's not really the owner, the king of the state does not mean he is the owner of the state. While when you read the ayah. Allah is the king, and he's also the owner. And again, he's the king when

00:33:19--> 00:33:31

is the King of Kings on the Day of Judgment. Nowadays, you hear this is the king, they His Highness The king or whatever, on the day of judgment. They are all slaves, except Allah is the true king.

00:33:32--> 00:33:39

Because he's the king on that day of the day that no one will dare to say I am even a king or I am even

00:33:40--> 00:33:47

I have even any type of authority. So that's why there is wisdom behind mentioning the Day of Judgment.

00:33:48--> 00:34:20

Maliki only the Malik and Malik. If you notice, the true writing of Malik without Elif is mean lamb calf and we will take this also next semester inshallah, when we study the the script, why it was written in this way to accommodate all the khorat and this is one of the meanings Look how I wrote it Malik mean lamb calf, if you say Malik after the meme you put small

00:34:21--> 00:34:22

like this small

00:34:25--> 00:34:28

here, Malik it becomes Malik.

00:34:29--> 00:34:39

So that's the Othmani script. And this is again another miracle of the Quran. That all the carrots are included. You write one, one word, and that includes all the

00:34:41--> 00:34:46

medic and Malik Malik kiyomi Dean and Maliki od.

00:34:48--> 00:34:51

Er Can I do what yakka next time?

00:34:53--> 00:34:56

Yeah, can I do what can Stein?

00:34:57--> 00:35:00

What's the translation again? Or what's the meaning of it?

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

I cannot do it, I can have Stein, who could

00:35:13--> 00:35:16

only seek your help. That's the second portion.

00:35:18--> 00:35:18


00:35:23--> 00:35:28

he cannot boot. Now remember, it starts with the object.

00:35:29--> 00:35:31

Instead of instead of starting with

00:35:33--> 00:35:33

the subject.

00:35:36--> 00:35:38

Instead of saying, I worship you.

00:35:40--> 00:35:53

It is you alone we worship a cannibal. That's the translation. That's the meaning. You alone worship. Now, what's the difference? What if you say, nambucca? We worship you or I worship you? What's the difference?

00:35:54--> 00:36:11

When you say I worship You, that's true. You're worshiping but maybe you worship Him and something else. That's what they are up did they worship Allah and they associated partners with Allah, while here when you say he cannot put you alone, we worship?

00:36:15--> 00:36:23

It means that we don't worship anything else. That's the advantage of saying he yakka with you alone, we worship. Yes.

00:36:26--> 00:36:32

Yes, does. Its negation its negation of worshiping anything else. But it's also affirmation.

00:36:33--> 00:36:36

It's affirming the worship of Allah subhanaw taala he cannot.

00:36:38--> 00:36:51

Now be careful when you read Surah Fatiha yakka there is shudder Yeah, he, he. Some people say iaca you notice the difference iaca and E.

00:36:52--> 00:36:55

E ACA is the light of the sun.

00:36:56--> 00:36:58

So imagine if someone's saying

00:36:59--> 00:37:01

the light of the sun, we worship

00:37:04--> 00:37:06

is good for it is this belief.

00:37:07--> 00:37:17

So you have to be careful especially when you read Surah Fatiha especially in the prayer. According to the scholars who say it is a pillar, anything you miss in the pillar

00:37:18--> 00:37:44

consequently will will invalidate your entire prayer. So you have to say he Erica Nabu, what Yeah, can Stein again the same thing you alone we seek for help or we ask for help. Now again, some scholar said all the meanings of the Quran are included in Surah Fatiha and all the meanings of the Fatiha are included in this ayah in these two words, he cannot put you alone we worship

00:37:46--> 00:38:08

because that's what Allah subhanaw taala created us for we created to worship Allah subhanaw taala Mahalo to general INSA in Delhi Abu that's the secret of creation to worship Allah subhanaw taala so all the meanings are going around this these two words the economic word yeah can Stein

00:38:09--> 00:38:13

so you alone we worship and You alone we seek or we asked for her

00:38:15--> 00:38:16

dinner Sarah Palin was starting

00:38:18--> 00:38:28

a dinner guide us in dinner, sir upon Mr. King, Surat, Surat is the straight path

00:38:29--> 00:38:31

Surat and it has another

00:38:33--> 00:38:50

word as Sarah seen and sought a dinner Scirocco and Dena Scirocco, it is the same thing. Again, it is a Corolla it's an another generation in a Scirocco and he didn't know Serato Actually, there is a third presentation he denounced

00:38:51--> 00:39:06

it is a dialect, but it is the same word. Surat Al musta been the straight path Guide us to the straight path. Now. What does it mean? Really? What can you tell me about this? I did not set off on stepping

00:39:09--> 00:39:10

Any thoughts?

00:39:12--> 00:39:15

What do you learn from it? If they're not set up on stocking?

00:39:21--> 00:39:22


00:39:23--> 00:39:24

Don't go there.

00:39:25--> 00:39:26

Don't go

00:39:28--> 00:39:28

tell me.

00:39:38--> 00:39:42

I need I need a full sentence. Yes. Yes. What do you have?

00:39:52--> 00:39:57

Okay, now listen, one of them said we must ask for protection and guidance. The other one

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

We should continue to seek

00:40:03--> 00:40:05

guidance, you notice there is a slight difference.

00:40:07--> 00:40:16

Now when you say you ask guidance for protection, and you continuously ask for guidance. Now,

00:40:17--> 00:40:35

I already said that in every prayer you have to say. So that the Fatiha, you have to read it. So, Isn't it enough to read it one time? At dinner Serato Mustafa Guide us to the straight path, why aren't you already guided? Now? This is another question. Aren't you already guided?

00:40:36--> 00:40:37

Are you guided or not?

00:40:39--> 00:40:45

hope so, you're not sure if you're guided or not? Isn't it? Which means Islam, you suspect Islam?

00:40:48--> 00:40:48

What do you say?

00:40:50--> 00:40:54

Are people guided to Islam? if they if they believed in Islam? Are they guided?

00:40:57--> 00:41:05

They are guided to Islam. But is it the full guidance? That's the question, it may not be full, maybe you are guided but you're not

00:41:07--> 00:41:24

you're not granted this steadfastness this path. So, all these meanings are included here, this is very beautiful in a certain way starting first Guide us to the straight path also keep us on that straight path.

00:41:26--> 00:41:37

Keep us grant us steadfastness on that strange path, because they say it is difficult to be guided, but it's more difficult to remain guided

00:41:39--> 00:41:42

they give the example of guidance like climbing a mountain

00:41:44--> 00:41:49

every time you go up, what will happen it is more difficult

00:41:51--> 00:42:04

while deviating going astray is very easy going downhill. So it is very difficult to sick or to get the guidance that's why guidance here at the na serata Mr. Grant is to fastness

00:42:06--> 00:42:22

and keep us on the safe path grant us increments and the guidance increment increasing you because once you ask Allah for guidance, you're guided already so you asked for more guidance. Because you need guidance always guidance is a general term.

00:42:23--> 00:42:26

It includes the religious and the worldly things as well.

00:42:28--> 00:42:52

Maybe you ate this but maybe that meal was better for you. How do you know you had two job offers and you did not know which one to choose. When you pray to Allah subhanaw taala Guide us to the straight path you will be given guidance inshallah. So all these meanings are included. It is very important that you always you need the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala and that's why the prophet SAW Selim used to pray to Allah always

00:42:53--> 00:43:05

allama Rama Jabra Eloise Rafi rameka, a father a similar to a lot of Parliament, it was Shahada and the radical female via telephone in the knee, they must really feel happy, do you think?

00:43:07--> 00:43:16

The messenger sighs the perfect human being? He used to ask Allah Subhana Allah for guidance, because people differ always. We may differ on

00:43:17--> 00:43:27

very simple things, or huge things. You have differences with your own brother with your own sister in your own family. Which one is the correct opinion?

00:43:28--> 00:43:29

Which one you should follow?

00:43:30--> 00:43:52

By asking Allah subhanaw taala guidance, enough syrup on stocking. So this is a great day guidance is really important. And scholars they divided guidance, like the messengers and the prophets. They have guidance as Allah subhanaw taala said, we're in Nicoletta de la serata. And you indeed guide to a straight path.

00:43:53--> 00:44:02

So this is the guidance that Allah subhanaw taala gave the messengers and the prophets that they show the people and we are commanded to follow them to follow the messengers to tell the people

00:44:03--> 00:44:47

when we tell them, we're guiding them by telling them this is correct and this is wrong. But there is another guidance that pertains to Allah subhanaw taala only, as Allah says, telling the messenger sallallahu Sallam in Nicoletta Dima but you don't guide whom you love, but it is Allah who guides whom He wills? Well I can Elia diminisher. So in one ayah, Allah subhanaw taala told the Prophet size a lamp or in Nicoletta de la serata mustafi. And you indeed guide to the straight path and in other ayah Allah is telling the Prophet science alum, you don't go home EULA, but it is Allah who guide Samuels. So, you need to know that guidance is is very broad term it includes many things.

00:44:47--> 00:44:59

There are types of guidance that does not pertain even to human beings. It includes also animals, birds when they fly from during the seasons from the cold weather to the

00:45:00--> 00:45:18

warm weather who told them who gave them that guidance? Allah subhanaw taala who told the baby to seek the milk from his mother's breast, unless panatela It is very complicated process it Allah subhanaw taala taught to that child. So, there are many types of guidance,

00:45:19--> 00:45:34

guidance for for insects guidance for animals, birds, young children, and guidance for adults for human beings. There is guidance on the day of judgment as well in Paradise, when the people of Paradise enter Paradise,

00:45:35--> 00:45:51

they will say or called hamdulillah that he had done and he had Praise be to Allah who guided us to this. So they are guided to their houses. They told the messengers I sent him the companions asked him how would we know our houses in paradise? And the prophet SAW Selim told them

00:45:53--> 00:46:09

you will know them more than you know your houses in this life. You know your rights in paradise once you go there, more than you know your places here in this life. This is guidance from Allah subhanaw taala. So there are many types of guidance.

00:46:10--> 00:46:20

So this is in our ceramista team, Sarah Palladino, alladhina naantali The path of those on whom you wasted your grace or

00:46:21--> 00:46:25

your blessing siapa levina A nom de la

00:46:27--> 00:46:38

so every time, every prayer, every Raka We ask Allah Subhana Allah to guide us to the straight path, the path of those on whom Allah subhanaw taala has visited his grace

00:46:41--> 00:46:42

while you read Moby

00:46:43--> 00:46:48

now, right in Mongolia, but before that, serata Latina Nam, tell him who they are.

00:46:49--> 00:46:53

Who are those that Allah subhanaw taala bestowed His grace upon?

00:46:55--> 00:46:56

Who are they?

00:46:57--> 00:47:05

Is it the most rich people, the strongest people? We ask Allah subhanaw taala to, to guide us to become stronger to become wealthier.

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

Who are they?

00:47:09--> 00:47:10

The profits only?

00:47:12--> 00:47:14

Know what's the evidence it is the profits?

00:47:22--> 00:47:23

Do we have Okay, what do we have?

00:47:28--> 00:47:33

Those that obey Allah so anyone who obeys Allah subhanaw taala.

00:47:35--> 00:47:42

is given the grace or Allah Subhana Allah has bestowed His grace upon him. What's the evidence? We need evidences now?

00:47:45--> 00:48:01

Yes, that's correct was your suit Atlanta and insert adobo Allah subhanaw taala listed for four types of people who are new to Allah our suit whoever obeys Allah and His messenger. Then what will happen to him he will be with those

00:48:03--> 00:48:27

whom Allah subhanaw taala has bestowed His grace upon off. So those are the people that Allah subhanaw taala has visited his grace upon them, who they are meaning to be prophets and messengers, what's the pain? So the thing the truthful people, the people who say the truth or don't lie, the sincere people will show her that the martyrs was solid.

00:48:29--> 00:48:32

And the righteous the pious people, well Hassan Allah

00:48:34--> 00:48:40

so these are four types of the people that Allah Subhana Allah has bestowed His grace upon them.

00:48:41--> 00:48:55

So again, we interpret the Quran with the Quran itself. So, this this is this ayah is mentioned in general and the interpretation is mentioned into other places directly and um, and in Surah.

00:48:57--> 00:48:57


00:49:00--> 00:49:07

Okay. Now when you ask guidance, and you ask Allah subhanaw taala for guidance, also you asked him to avoid

00:49:09--> 00:49:09

the other

00:49:11--> 00:49:29

path, the other roots are in Malibu Valley. Not so you asked for straight path. You don't ask for those who earned your anger available globally? Not that of those who earned your anger. Who are those who earned the anger of Allah subhana wa tada

00:49:30--> 00:49:31

at moto Valley

00:49:32--> 00:49:34

who earns the anger of philosopher

00:49:36--> 00:49:38

disbelievers Do you have any evidence?

00:49:41--> 00:49:49

There are many is in the Quran where Allah subhanaw taala says for lack of evil law, Holly, those are the ones that Allah subhanaw taala

00:49:52--> 00:49:53

is angry with.

00:49:55--> 00:50:00

But here, the messengers are silom himself. And again, this

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

And now the prophet SAW Selim is another way to interpret the Quran. He said that he must love Allah, Allah hood, the Jews,

00:50:09--> 00:50:21

part of the Jews, they earned the anger of philosophy Sanatana. But why? The reason is very important, why they earned the anger of philosophy, not Allah, because they knew the truth, and they can seal it.

00:50:23--> 00:51:00

Whoever knew the truth, and he concealed it, he did not apply it, he did not work, according to it. When he deserves the anger, he earns the anger of philosophy. And that's why some scholars said whoever knew the truth, he did not follow it. He has similarity to the Jews, and he, he deserves the anger philosophy. So when we say it includes the Jews, that does not mean it excludes everybody else, whoever did the same thing, he deserves the same result. So you are asking Allah subhanaw taala every day 17 times at least

00:51:01--> 00:51:09

for guidance, and you ask Allah subhanaw taala to avoid to avoid knowing the truth yet not working according to it.

00:51:10--> 00:51:17

Again, this is a great, you're asking Allah Subhana Allah always, the prophet SAW Selim, he used to say alum, Adam and

00:51:18--> 00:51:29

Eva, show us the truth as it is truth and grant us following. Because some people they know, that's the correct way, but they don't like to follow it.

00:51:31--> 00:51:38

You ha, one of the characters in Arabic folklore, he lost his kitchen.

00:51:39--> 00:51:58

And he was searching for it. People came and they saw him and they said, What are you looking for? He said, my key, my keys, I lost my kitchen. And they started searching with him for hours and hours. They didn't find it. And one of them asked, Did you lose it here? He said, No. I lost it there.

00:51:59--> 00:52:03

And they said, Why didn't you are looking for it here. He said, because there is light here. It's easier.

00:52:04--> 00:52:11

For some people, they know what is the truth, but they don't follow it for a reason or another. So we don't want to be like them.

00:52:13--> 00:52:13

Even though

00:52:15--> 00:52:20

those are the people who earns the anger, philosophy, panatela they know the truth they don't follow.

00:52:21--> 00:52:23

One at Bondi

00:52:24--> 00:52:31

again, another group of people, not of those who went astray, who went astray, who are those who went astray.

00:52:33--> 00:53:08

And NASA again, the prophet SAW Selim said the Christians, some of the Christians they went astray. Why? Because they did not know how to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. So whoever worship Allah subhanaw taala without knowledge, they say he has similarities to the Christians. He is similar to them. But that again does not mean only the Christians. They are ballin, on the decrease Christians they went astray anyone who did not knew the truth and he is guessing or his worshipping without knowledge. Then

00:53:09--> 00:53:20

he also have those people who are who went astray while at Bali. So basically, you learn from this surah that Allah subhanaw taala divided people to how many groups

00:53:23--> 00:53:24


00:53:25--> 00:53:26

do we have 73?

00:53:29--> 00:53:32

How many groups do we have? According to this? surah? Yes.

00:53:34--> 00:53:36

Three very good Abdullah. What are they?

00:53:43--> 00:53:51

people whom Allah subhanaw taala has visited his grace upon people who earned the anger of Allah and people who went astray.

00:53:52--> 00:53:53

Three types.

00:53:56--> 00:53:59

Again, that's Pepsi. That's how you learn how to do Pepsi.

00:54:01--> 00:54:11

You always try to analyze to read after you say this, now these this is the end of the surah What do you say? While a ball What do you say?

00:54:14--> 00:54:19

I cannot hear you. I mean, yeah. Why you say this?

00:54:21--> 00:54:22

Why you say I mean?

00:54:24--> 00:54:25

What's the meaning of family?

00:54:29--> 00:54:30

What's the meaning of family?

00:54:32--> 00:54:35

Oh, Allah accept is steady. That's the meaning of me.

00:54:37--> 00:54:38

But they have to say it.

00:54:42--> 00:54:46

It is strongly recommended. What's the

00:54:47--> 00:54:54

reward if you say it, what's the reward if you say I mean, the messenger Salim said whoever, says amin

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

and his saying matches the saying of the angels in heaven.

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

You are saying I mean on earth and the angels are saying me, all your sins are forgiven.

00:55:06--> 00:55:09

This is in Sahih Bukhari, all your sins are forgiven

00:55:11--> 00:55:13

only by saying this, if you say I mean

00:55:14--> 00:55:20

also in another Hadith the prophet SAW Selim said the Jews did not envy you

00:55:22--> 00:55:23

on things more

00:55:25--> 00:55:35

than envying you on saying the salon and saying me the most two things that the Jews envy us for are those two things saying the salon and sing me?

00:55:37--> 00:55:58

Because that means it is to great things. So saying I mean, it's a great thing. So you should not leave it always after you say what bar lien? You say I mean, this is the reward. And with this inshallah, we will conclude our session with the CEO of Surat Al Fatiha Han Solo Solomon and Amina Mohammed while you savage me