Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
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Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah.
To proceed. Babel was that it was that takes a little bit more, you know, time. So that's why we wanted to start a little earlier
because it's a long chapter and the
law is broken, Honda says
which means the chapter on first was this major evolution of vehicle model, the minor blues and then of course, will be the major of evolution, you could call it was the ritual bath as well, ritual best
four minutes for major sexual ritual impurity. So for major sexual ritual impurity that's what needs to happen means the major ritual impurity that we have, due to,
ejaculate or intercourse.
The title of the chapter
basically tells you that I'll talk to you about the host that is incumbent on us in the state of General.
But it does not tell you about the other types of boards that are incumbent on us. There are other types of boards that are incumbent on us. But in our pocket ama does not include them here. And they did not include them elsewhere in the book. So I want you to take note of what I would say shortly in Chicago intro about the incumbent types of verse.
So he said well, Mooji Punahou for Germany.
At one Tikka would hit on a, what makes it required is the evacuation of semen which is the gushing water and the meeting of the two circumcised parts and the meeting of the two circumcised parts meaning the one part passing the other, it means intercourse. So he lists two reasons only for making the hostname incumbent. But in the madhhab in the hand very well. There are five other reasons that would make that was the incumbent. So what makes it required
and the seventh of course,
have the sad nothing else right. So we have five more.
One additional one in the hunt
is the mirror descent of semen without ejaculation.
I have to tell you
that there is no clear proof on this one when someone feels that the semen moved inside them but it does not come out.
And then we have menstruation
which the safe would mentioned in the chapter of height and inshallah we have three more chapters to finish the whole thing and we will be able to finish them in the next two sessions and before we think about Ramadan break, we have family we will finish next week. And we have hired NFS two chapters that we will combine together that is hide menstrual bleeding and fast, postnatal, or postpartum bleeding.
Okay, so now we have 12345 what are the other two?
slam and the acceptance of Islam would make it required. Acceptance of Islam will require roster view you need to make was dying will require the community to offer you who was
because you will not when you die, you're gonna be able to do it.
So these are the seven that makes that would make us incumbent
that may makes it incumbent on the community Islam is controversial, controversial, whether the acceptance of Islam, when making hosts, incumbent on the person is controversial according to the sapphires accompanies is
then postpartum bleeding,
postpartum bleeding and menstruation is by consensus.
by consensus, intercourse by consensus.
So we have the center of semen and Islam controversial.
Okay. So the five that that would make us the incumbent by consensus is ejaculation intercourse, menstruation, postpartum bleeding, and death. But you could remove that because it would not be required of the person himself. It's required in the community. So the fire arm the living people, people who are alive, the four that are made when makers then come into by consensus of ejaculation, intercourse, menstruation, postpartum bleeding, remember those very well.
So he said, ejaculation of semen and intercourse, so ejaculation of semen without intercourse and intercourse without ejaculation and you have the hubby's there have had etoposide ray which is reported by Muslim and non Muslim in America, you know, in America means water is incumbent upon water or water is due to water. It means that washing the ritual bath washing with water in the ritual bath is incumbent upon the other which means here the semen so ejaculation without intercourse, including in wet dreams and everything
that would make us required intercourse without ejaculation will also make most required because the profits of the loans and I'm sad and the honey for my church is reported by Timothy and a Buddha who is an eternal winter vegetables or evangelism or whatever when the circumcised part passes
the ultimate circumcised part was the becomes mandatory hangs on our immune state whether ejaculation takes place or not. So,
in both cases,
ejaculation violent divorce intercourse with evidence repetition and certainly when they when they both happen, then
then the host will be required.
Okay, up until
Okay, here we should have also talked about and I should actually mention this should not forget it. When people make those,
you know, if you have one of those reasons that will make wasn't incumbent upon you.
She had one of those reasons that will make mostly incumbent upon you and you don't make was what are the things that you cannot be doing? What are the things that you can't be doing?
Five, five different states in five different things, praying by consensus, right, by consensus, it has to be prayed
according to the majority.
So, what happens when when when the prevents you from coming into the master that they will throw off does not require
basically a ritual purity
but the Americas and sapphires have become very soft requires ritual purity, but at the end of the day, people will want you to not make them off.
If you have major ritual impurity, then you will have in addition to praying, what are the other things touching the Muslim
with your bare hands
with bare hands and that's according to the formal
presentation of one verse of the parameter more or less the verse is too long given. They say even less than one verse would be forbidden one verse or more,
because part of a verse that is not the Quran and what is the inimitable Coram part of the verse is not. But they say that sometimes if you will recite half of the diner the first of all, that's the in the sort of the Bukhara, that's half a page half of the verses half complete. So they say that you should not get into the books recitation of one verse or more touching the most half. That's the according to the formulas.
And there is disagreement about the height the woman in her opinion and her reservation of the parameter in her period. He feels that she would forget the forehand than she should recite. And we're talking about which presentation here Not this.
This is not presentation, even though you're moving your lips, is there insulation that we've talked about being forbidden here for the one in America is there insulation with voice with voice other accents
that was the least reservation, but this
so, you can review your program doing this
his claim. So, so, you're prevented when your internet from recites reciting the one verse or more of the poor end with voice
not like this
Okay. And then the last one is staying in the master staying in the master come back some more subordinate to the foreign commands, and that is for the journal, there is not much disagreement over this for the journal for the high end for the woman in her period, we will talk about this issue in detail
in the chapter of Hi. So, these are the five things that
you are prevented from doing when you are in this state for all practical purposes, they are agreed upon by the four
with the issue of often the purity of talk to you
so, if the hood of the car would be fine, if it is for the sake not for recitation, because there is a difference between
for instance of it as a form of DRM as a form of music, when you only sign when you when you make executive with one verse of the perhaps as zinc or not Terra, then we will permit this it is permissible to make a Quranic Zik has a form of dig not tear off. Here, Kevin.
Alia here, the province of Southern Newsome remember Allah in all conditions.
So what makes it required we're done with this and we are done with also what makes what are the things that would be forbidden until you make because five things touching the most have recycling.
You know, staying in the masjid, and then above, and most importantly, pray for sure.
Stay the mustard.
No stain is different from entering, you're allowed to enter you are allowed to pass through it. You're not allowed to stay in the West, but passing through it is allowed.
So that is the first one what makes it required.
By the way ejaculation applies to men and women as you will see in the book. And when it comes to the women in power scholars mentioned you know,
Mad Men in America are actually mentioned in their hobbies in
The mass murderer that is mentioned in this case the basically is the value of those charges that
are produced upon sexual exploitation and reaching the climax. Then the mandatory acts, of course, what are the mandatory acts suppose
he says what were the goofy and near Tommy modern enablers, the norm of materialistic and
mandatory acts, the intention washing the entire body, rinsing the mouth and the nostrils the intention, washing the entire body, rinsing the mouth, and the nostrils the intention,
you know, that's certainly confirmed than the mother watching the entire body.
They consider rinsing the mouth and the nostrils to be part of your body, because
they consider the mouth and the knows to be of the exterior, not the interior, the other scholars consider them to be of your interior. And they consider these to be of your exterior. So when a law says to wash your face combat is take this as including their mouth and your nostrils because here they are part of your face heavily supported as far as statements are going from the province on Sunday, about what to do about, you know, is a moment of benefits in choppy Atlantic on assignment, when you make will do make model and you know, overdo your Estancia unless you are fasting. So there are groups and to support the position of
multiple industry guard that have is disagree with the companies
on what do they agree on because some of these would still consider my
inverse, nothing will do. It will do they side with the rest of them as as Americans and cefa is they don't consider himself to be welded. But they do like the happy skin to their mother and extension to be
rinsing the mouth and the nostrils
you have to wash your mouth or nose. It's part of the part of the loop and part of the most so washing the entire body rinsing the mouth in the nostrils What did he miss here that has gone belly. That's according to the authorized position of the mouth had, as mayor, the mention of the name of a lot is mandatory, not just recommended. But in this book mentioned the report from the mouth have that is not the popular or the authorized position, according to the Latin generations.
For the man, he could always say that man is a greater authority than the other generations. It's true in Africa that has greater authority than a booty in somebody. But
that's what you know, what you know, that is the current state of affairs, current state of affairs is that the latter generations This is the position that has settled in the method because the earlier authorities they have different understandings and different basically choices, the latter generations picked from their choices, some and consider them to be the authorized views of the mother and being of the generations you follow the choices of the other generations does not belittle the earlier authorities, but it just is about consistency and about sort of structure compliance.
Now, Kodama moves on so is it clear now, you know, mandatory things and those that are very easy and very simple. The province of allowed a subset of salamanders was reported by Muslim City.
Sarah for half a summer to feed in America at pottery. So it was it would have been enough for it would be enough for you to take three handfuls of water, pour them over your head, and then pour water over your entire body and when you become pure
simplest This is
The simplest sort of directions for
the manatees in shafa is to say that you don't need to do my mother anesthesia. They use this to argue against the one of his buddies who said that you need to do mother anesthesia. They said that the Prophet did not tell massada man this has to do with mother Anastasia. He just told her to put water on her head, three handfuls
on her body. Is there an argument? Do they have a point or certainly they have a point this has happened to my mother in law.
But But anyway, the harpies and honeyberries believe that shock would be mandatory in reverse, the high values would say that it is the major occlusion of the are mandatory, and they would,
you know, the mandatory and most
and they would also say that the fact that they are part of the face, not the interior part of the exterior, not the interior and use certain irrational arguments. If you put food into your mouth and spit it out. Here, fasting does not break, which means that your mouth is part of your exterior, not your interior. So use some other rational arguments. But in general, the things that are agreed upon by consensus is simply pouring water over your body.
That's it. Now do you need to do that?
You know, rub your skin when you do this. According to the mannequins you do you must do that. The more the majority said no, you don't just stand under the snapper and get water over all your own body hanafy wise Chaffee wise, family wise you're fine and certainly with the harpies and combat ease in addition to standing under this rubber, he will just do the McManus can show you rent your mouth and nostrils. You stood under the shower, you got the water all over your body. He made sure that the water got to your scalp he did here But mother is thin sharp.
You'll be fine important to the hungry, Chavez accompanies and you can walk out in less than 30 seconds. So could take you less than 30 seconds.
30 minutes, but that's your own business.
It takes you 30 seconds to finish your words.
You add the delta by the Maliki's and it will take you 30 more seconds.
Absolutely. That simple version of
meaning will suffice you and you're done. You have you removed your ritual impurity.
So anyway, I want to put that on.
Here mentioned the simple form of oath
which is mandatory a mandatory x gives you a worsted mod z, which means that the sufficient was a person that Cameron would be mentioned afterwards. The complete diversity will be mentioned afterwards and he said recommended that same Bismillah recommended here and this book will have value wise it is mandatory or according to the authorized position in the matter of its mandatory wire the Ico ban will be added rubbing the body with the hand rubbing the binding with the hand is recommended according to the Oldham Azad it just the dematic is considered mandatory
why I forgot okay moto maimunah doing as reported by me Mona will describe the worst of the profits are sandwiches and Kevin perfect was the complete was
She said I covered the profits on Sunday man he made major evolutionary move major ritual impurity, for better yet he he started with washing by washing his hands. Suddenly, suburbia miniata Chemin de Ferguson Africa, Juana Saba. Then he poured water with his right hand around to the left and washed his private Oregon and whatever may have been smeared by semen from it.
Some metadata about the era It was
He's He's struck his hand against the earth in wall and the floor, basically described of the residue from anything that could have gotten on his hand, in terms of like this charges or anything,
what a lot of the thermadata salah and perform the US will do for prayers,
when he poured water over his body, then he moved away slightly and wash his feet. Now, when the when it says that the profits truck,
do you really need to do this?
Why don't you do the same move that you have, in this case, after about an hour, we'll have done it by the way, you know, religiously, because he used to forego everything. But the correct position is that you don't really need to do this. Anything that is comprehensible, you should use your intellect. This is a comprehensible thing. He did this to remove the residue. If you remove it in any other way, you just remove it. If done here, you've done what is needed to be done. So you don't need to exactly do it as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did in this regard. So what he did is he started by taking water, pouring it on his left hand to wash because you know that you wash your
private parts with your left hand to watch the private parts. And then he removed the residue that was on his private parts. And then he made his will do you know, his complete will do like he makes will do for the prayer. And then after he made his will do he poured the water on his entire body making sure that the water got to his scalp. And when he moved away, he moved away because it probably was muddy underneath. Do you really need to move away in our tubs nowadays, you don't need to because it was money in this area. So you moved to a cleaner area to wash his feet. Simply just as simple as that.
So that's the perfect we'll do the profits of an audience and
then the mountain Kodama says, and I'm Selma you know she Osama is acting on your behalf you should really be very grateful to him so much. He's always you know, getting you concessions and stuff.
the promises of a vibrate by Aaron's just like a hassle to unbraid my hair every time I need to make those. So he said center in America
enough to be enough for you to pour three handfuls of water on your head and undo and basically
and then pour water on the rest of your body and then you become pure. And this was reported by Muslims. So that is the issue of the breathing. Now in the belly method in the honey meth lab, they require women to unbraid their hair for the cost department and menstrual bleeding. Their their skin session in the Hanbury method is only limited to a loss after genever after sexual impurity, but it is not applicable in both for postpartum bleeding and and menstrual bleeding. And it makes no sense because the there is no hardship in upgrading here once a month.
But it's a controversial issue and some scholars would allow it also in postpartum and menstrual bleeding.
Next point is matters of intention. Email, Kodama says, or even now
because the authority as
the editor here,
and I did not notice this because I review without authority, but the editor here said that the harder thing the two types of purification is the harder for Gemma and the harder for
harder for ritual impurity. It's incorrect. So corrected this in the book. Was it what is meant a year is the Cobra saga, it's the major in the minor evolutions.
But the editor you know, the good thing is that she had an editor between brackets right?
And it is my fault because I didn't notice it because they sent it to this to me to review it after the after everything but I didn't notice it. But the two the two other types of evolution here
Major and Minor. What does he mean by this? wait an hour because the hurricane Absalon Homer, if one intended violence was the both types of purification, it would suffice for both of them. That is we'll do and we'll do inverse, let's say you need to make Voodoo and you need to make of us, as humans make posts, you don't need to make a do in case you intended, intended,
that you're on the web suffice for you to. But if you did not intended us, let's say you made was to be able to save the master,
it may be possible to be able to stay in the master
is it required to have boo boo to save the hospital? No, it is not. If you made the worst, just to stay in the master, if you made was just to recite one verse of the Quran for which we'll do is not required.
And that was will not be sufficient, will not be sufficient. And you need to make if you need to embark on something that requires will
just you don't need to do all of this yourself, when you make most intent to make was to remove all of your ritual impurity that's
contained by your boss, to remove all of your ritual impurity, do not intend to host just to stay the mustard intend to make most to remove all of your internal purity, it's just as simple as that. And we will accept it
accept this, they will accept it even if you do not specify which ritual impurity if you just generically, you know, generally intend to remove your ritual impurity ritual, not was the for a particular act of worship, those that remove your attribute, in general, every time you make was intend to remove your return period, therefore, post one suffice for me to make.
Okay. Then he says,
because keep in mind that the dose that you know, sometimes the details of this car is mentioned that it sounded a bit too hyper technical art because of the questions that public posters colors, you know, but if the public really
did what they need to do in a simple manner, and that we're not hyper technical themselves, the scholars would have not been, you know, figure out questions for all of these hypothetical scenarios.
Work evaluation of temperament and how to say new and adjust out of any add ons Amelia. Likewise, if one meet them for the two types of ritual, impurity, minor and major, as well as the filth on his body, it would suffice for all it would suffice for what in our barber alphalisa, when
he intended some of them, that he only gets what he intended, he intended some of them, then he only gets what he entered. So if you intend just was about not to do rosena, for something that does not require the what if you intend the divorce, to pray that suffice for you to do? Yes, because you need to prepare. So you must have a mental verse that has that evidence that is sufficient for you, but acts on behalf of Budo as well. So
but like I told you, do not ever make it possible for a particular act of worship, just make it to remove the ritual impurity? What's so difficult about this? Why do we Why do people have to do this themselves? After the scholars who then have to figure out answers to all of those hypothetical questions, whatever you made, it made it difficult for yourself and made an intention like a customized intention, then we'll have to look at it just to make you know, a generic intention, General one, that I will just make, I will just remove my ritual impurity. Now, there are that brings us to the end of this, but there are two things that you have enough of them I did not
mention here and he did not mention, you know,
the recommended was, he mentioned the mandatory hosts and the seventh that becomes mandatory in our property, declaration or intercourse, but he did not mention recommended verse, and he did not mention will do in place, of course, in certain cases, will do
What the prescribed
if you want to be fair
so recommended because
in many ways there are 16 recommended was 16 recommended those that you know you find this in chapter by boat
What are those 16 recommended was added they are not going to be difficult for you to memorize because they come in bundles what is the first bundle of recommended versus first bundle that is for for different types of prayer jumaan
as this power
the Prayer For Rain and the prayer for it develops
and you know germinate These are four different types JSON proven from the promises or even commands of the promises of
an equal to 20. But why is it in them not in the technical sense of the word wedges. So, that's why the you know that the dominance got the dominant position of the scholars including the former Muslim Jeremiah's recommended it is not mandatory, but then there are other views also about money and so on. But it was mandatory, but here it is recommended
because of reports from the Sahaba you know nothing is completely traceable to the prophet SAW sometimes reports from the Sahaba and analogy Yes, he has against white German. And this is the S against Japan. And this is a US against Chima. So it is every major prayer for which people congregate. Jamal is also
the one that has been proven in the you know traceable to the province on various things certainly john the one that is closest to it is this would be by analogy. And this would be bad. Okay, so for prayers
hadn't had you know,
there are eight different instances inhabit, what do you make will do firstly make a harem. And this is because the prophets of the last element is traceable that the Prophet made worse before he put on his armor
that is traceable to the profit. Some of the scholars well you don't worry about the controversy here. The problem is it is certain that the name goes before you make hirahara
Okay, so that is the first instance what is the second entering maca
what is the third
entering the howler
A secret prison and
the Secretary trees
what is the fourth?
No it is not
in the masjid. You know so you know I mean the you know, the monster. Now the sacred precinct of Mecca Jenner just said Harman domestic.
It must have the power.
Then what else to extend the guitar
then what else?
stoning. pelting the jamara everything, john.
You're you're taking ritual baths every part from Belize or taking every
couple of hours.
But keep in mind, they just tell you that this stuff is recommended. So you do have it as much as you can. And it would be good for people to solemnize in a particularly when there is a large congregation,
large crowd of people, it is not Baptists men nice.
No Not what is traceable? Is this one from the province of Southern what's traceable to the Prophet is this one this is basically irrational sort of scholarly is this said
it would not be really it would not be sort of
technically not technical analysis.
So then add to this often a father to talks to the Father and often without
the father which is the pillar of his era, often a father can then turn around
and whether fairway
Okay, so 12345678 add them to the 12 that are here that is 12. The recommended was that's a beautiful thing in Islam, you know, what your religion requires you to requires you to make mostly this often and then recommends for you to make us less often emphasis on cleanliness. And you know,
cleanliness of the exterior because the cleanliness of the interior which is which was the main concern of religion
and spirituality in general is not in conflict with being clean externally as
many of them are.
Bevin we have four more
What do you think before?
Okay, have you wake up from coma or insanity
because the when the
lady when the Prophet is
going into a coma, and when he woke up, he met us.
And then you wake up from insanity because you don't know what happened during that period of insanity. So it is recommended to Migos
consciousness on consciousness.
And then we have two more.
Two more that are recommended. It's recommended for women who have sex for long leaving for one months, not not menstrual bleeding, prolonged, not menstrual bleeding as to how to make the most with every prayer or the combine the prayers and they make most with the combined prayers it's recommended.
It is a concession for them to make will do before every prayer is fine, if they make will do their job, but it is recommended for them to make verse
and that is basically the grading system the profit targets in every regard the grading system like he could do that this will be sufficient for you this will be better for you. recognition of the different capacities strengths, aspirations of human beings and when there are so this prolonged bleeding
believe in and then the last segment that was the is when you wash the dead
are saying that the
new pony was someone that you must make you do according to the authorized position of the company, you must make Ooh. Even though that is not particularly authentic. There are reports from the Sahaba such as a writer and others
but they recommend for you to make it was after watching that they recommend for you to make those. So these are the 16 different types of horses that are right
commanded in Cambodia.
For him, he wanted to bring his will do in place of course.
Let's say and this applies to two scenarios this applies to rich to worse after major sexual impurity, clarification or clarification.
that we do in place of wisdom if you wanted to defer the host because there is no pending prayer
there are two scenarios a woman who finished her period finished her period
and gentlemen, but a woman or a man who are in a state of sexual ritual
okay, for these two scenarios with a slight difference, and we want to not make because they just want to go to sleep, they're tired, they want to go to sleep do not want to leave us It is recommended that pop mandatory It is recommended for them to make a little
problem purpose is to do this.
And Amara as the province of Southern whether someone who could sleep before mycoplasma, he said you have yes if you made Moodle, which has been considered with our recommendation.
So what are the things that you need to make
temporary temporarily like you know, nice long
can recommend it until you make
like you want to sleep you don't want to have a shower. Now you don't want to have a personality want to go to sleep
or if you want to eat
or you want to drink
horn, he wants to stay in the message.
Okay, any of those four you want to sleep you want to eat you want to drink you want to say in the message that you do not want to make most he can make will do whether it is you are here or here finish this period for half an hour.
But if you made will do Ambani wise, you have lightened your ritual impurity, now you can say in the muscle
you're better off just making hospital
if you're going to go to the bus service,
It may be it may be
it may be it may be handy. If you want to sleep, you know you're just tired you want to sleep and you do not want to take a shower.
Anyway, so, so those are the four now
having intimacy again
and have an intimacy once again. What would also make odo recommended in this case would make or recommend is more recommended. But certainly this I put this separately because this does not apply to this.
she does need was she does have to make us before intimacy. But
for this one, she will be treated like a bomb. When it comes to any of these four she could go to sleep, she could eat drink, she could stay in the master if she made although even
if she made we'll go and have a period had already finished start appearance stuff, but she has not made worse yet
Are you allowed to do all of this without
Yes, you could do any of this without
this is just a recommendation or recommendation or clarification so that
so for a woman who wants
she's allowed to without
even I don't know if that's told me that
I was told that if she was on genetica if she wanted to have intercourse with her husband she's allowed to if she's Queen and she did it
no that would not be permissible according to the majority it would be permissible according to the handpiece not the majority
people will argue about the meaning of
don't approach them and they become fewer so the homies would say become as he became pure she stopped her period failing to finish and then the majority will say no, not at all no meaning that he has attained principle like she has become fewer after because she does not be compared before that was
majority but no it's open for
just like here are things are open unless it is clear from the list the Prophet sends it out to us. A lot of things will be open and that's why you know the data
basically the narrow mindedness comes from the limited knowledge because it really given justice to the arguments of the different viewpoints you would have not been now in line with you'd have seen strengths in every monster had like a bonafide witch that was making an argument. Certainly they will have a point when they don't have a point that would be extremely rare when I would stand a bonafide full blown woods that just doesn't have a point would be extremely extremely rare.
No praying you have to make up for playing by consensus.
And if you have water to make will do is that you don't really probably
you are not really pressed for water if you have one what what what may when the shift may have said is that if you don't have water you make them home and you pray which is true. If you don't have water you make them home and you pray
and that is true.
You don't have water you make them but what the hoses of the Prophet used to be what one saw Do you know ones what one size two liters
114 of his will do that is one half liter for his will do one sound for his voice that is approximately two liters.
What's one gallon
we will have to believe you because you're afraid
so believe me for now.
Okay, so it's up to us to make
worth about one half gallon.
So you don't really need to have and that is why the magic is that's one of the proofs of the magic is that you do need to do that grabbing because the seventh the profit made the most with manesar How could you make us with one PSA, without trouble hearing rumblings that WhatsApp will be sufficient
For your entire body,
it's also imaginable that it wouldn't be sufficient
And that brings us to the end. You could probably never