Prayer Times – Definitions And Rulings
Channel: Hacene Chebbani
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Prayer Times – Definitions And Rulings (By Sh. Hacene Chebbani)
salatu salam ala Sayidina Muhammad Allah Allah, he was so happy he may.
Tonight inshallah we'll be talking about the prayer times now Arpita salaat. We'll talk about some ads and some Hadith. And we'll talk about some issues that we have with the timetables and our local timing here in Calgary and the difference between it and other timings that are found on the internet and some results of some personal research and some discussions with some scholars about you know, the time table that we have here.
So Allah subhanaw taala said is sort of Tunisia, in the salata, kanatal and Nina, keytab and makuta. So unless right Allah says in Surah Nisa, a 123 indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times
and the amount of tariffs you said, Yeah, and he had a Columbia and he followed them up cotton, Wakata, who lay him Wakata olanzapine obatala Abadi is an obligation to be offered on a specific time, which was set by Allah subhanho wa Taala. Of course Allah subhanaw taala did not tell us about the different times in the Quran. He gave us an idea about you know, these prayers, and we will talk about the ayah and sort of israa but it is an awful lie. So I said gibreel actually, okay, and he thought Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the different times of the prayers and email Michelle Karen, if you've had hell khadiyah Cool, well, man in Allah haftarah Allah Abadi Salawat will
ketubah Allah info party Alma Duda the Imam shokan he said Allah subhanho wa Taala has made it an obligation upon His servants to offer these prayers on specific times. Lay is usually a heading and this is something that is agreed upon, less usually has been and yet here we have a very radical work. It is not permissible for anyone to offer these prayers on a different time. Except for someone who has a valid excuse that is supported by sherea like sleep or sickness or someone who is traveling there are different excuses that we'll talk about them in Sharla. Tonight we'll mention some of them tonight.
In salthill, Islam Allah subhanaw taala said Hakim is solitary DeLuca shamcey Allah has accolade for Quranic verses in the Quran and forgery Cana Masuda. So in this ayah last hotel, I said, talking to Mohammed Salah Salem is a message to the whole establishing the prayer, the decline of the sun. And most of the aroma they said here do Luca Shams means is our shams, when the sun moves from the meridian from its meridian until the darkness of the night. So the ruler Matthew said the decline of the sun will include salatu salam Lhasa, and the darkness or hasakah light of the night with include and Mercury and Indonesia. And then the last panel to Allah he separated the Select alpha zero from
these four prayer prayers. And he said we're an alpha God in the Quran and fudgey kana Masuda, and the Quran of dawn, indeed, the recitation of Dawn is ever witnessed the aroma desert it will be witnessed by the angels of the day, and the angels of the night, the angels who for record our deeds, so the rotate at a time of fudger those of the day or the night will be with us for the whole night till time for your time, and then we will leave to the heaven again. And those who come are supposed to stay with us during daytime, they come at fudger time so they meet at fudger time, both the angels of the night and the angels of the day.
What happened man I wondered if you had eaten Sahih
Hadith Sahih Bukhari and ebihara 30 Allahu, and we saw Selim confer the new Salatu jhemini Allah salatu wa at hobsonville Shula daraja with ashtami Ramallah ek to Lady when her Salah is so bad. This Hadith is in Sahih Bukhari he said the prayer offered in congregation is 25 degrees better than the prayer offered individually, and the angels of the night and the angel of the day, meet at Salatin. fudger So this hadith is in Sahih al Bukhari, an email
of the alarm I know after reciting this Hadith, he said in Cheeto Quran and fishery in the Quran and fishery Karna Masuda. So again, the the verses of the Quran did not specify the timings of the hora Nasser and Mahara Venetia, but these timings were explained in the sooner of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. So after Rasulullah sallallahu went on, on that journey, Elisa Mirage and allows her to Allah prescribed upon the oma of Mohammed Salah Salem 50
prayers and Musa alayhis salam told him that this is a big number of prayers, go back to your Lord and ask him to decrease the number for you. And then he went back and forth between musala salam and Allah subhanho wa Taala he did not see Allah. But there was a conversation, a communication between him and Allah subhanho wa Taala
in a way in a shape or form allow on him and him but we know for a fact that we're not sure the way Mohammed Salah was communicated with Allah. But we know for a fact that as a shadow, the Alon has said that Mohammed Salim never saw his Lord, he didn't see him. And Musa alayhis salam did not see Allah subhanho wa Taala. But Musa Mohammed but Allah subhanaw taala talk to Musa directly. And he might have talked to Mohammed Salim directly, Allahu Allah, and I'm not sure about this point here. Now after this event when he came back to Earth, the next day jabril alehissalaam came to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, at the time, the next day, and he started teaching him the timings of
the five daily prayers. He came for two days. So in the first day, he taught him the beginning of each prayer.
So the whole prayer should be. This is the beginning of our prayer the whole time. And he came the next day at the end of that time. So and it's only for mother. The only salad that was excluded from this rule is Margaret, he came on the same time for McRib, but we'll talk about it in Sharla and the rulings regarding mercury prey. So Heidi's mature Heidi jabiru the Allahu anhu. Remember he used to believe that it is the most authentic howdy in this subject regarding this subject. In this chapter, the chapter of markita salaat the prayer times, but it is not inside Buhari it is in other books of Suna even though the other Hadith is inside Muslim, the one is that is that is that was mentioned in
Medina. But we'll talk about the difference between the two a hadith in this hadith gibreel Ali Salam or the Jabir or the Allahu anhu said, Jay as you breathe in and maybe Sasa lumpiness, Allah. He said he came to the prophet SAW Selim when the son had passed his Zenith when the sun had passed its meridian. And at the time of zoa, gibreel came
wakaya komiya Mohammed for some liver for karma for Salah. He said, he said stand up and pray. So Rasulullah saw Selim stood up and pray it's a lot of thought. Through Mojo Hina canovee Luca Alicia in mithila, who for Karla confessedly Lhasa for karma for Salah Lhasa, he said then he came to him when the length of an object shadow was equivalent to the length of that object, or we'd say the shadow of a person is equal to his height, the shadow of a person human being is equal the shadow is equal to his height. So he came to him at this time and he said come for suddenly, for suddenly Lhasa so he stood up and he prayed salata Lhasa
so Marina Huberty shows for Karla comm for Selena Maverick for karma for salon Maverick. So we came to him on the sun has just disappeared, the disk of the Sun when it has even if the brightness is still there, it's not a problem when the sun has disappeared in the horizon below the horizon. Then he came to him and he said stand up and pray a lot and he stood up and prayed Salatin Maverick from the mecca had to have a chef aku Kala comb for some literature for karma for Salah, a chef of the evening Twilight, so he said he waited until the evening Twilight has disappeared and he came to him and said stand up and pray. So he stood up and prayed salata laughs or Salah to Asia. Now, what is
the chef up? What is the evening Twilight, because we have the red color sometimes the yellow in between and then after that we have the brightness or the white color and then darkness Okay, majority of the majority of the Sahaba majority of the scholars of the Arabic language majority of the scholars the mathematically ma'am Shafi Hamburg, and their students and the two famous students the two famous students over the memorable hanifa Abu Yusuf Mohammed bin hasn't shaved any all the scholars they used to believe that the evening Twilight here for Asia is the redness in the horizon, the redness, the red color, a chef aku who will help Morocco and there is a hadith from Abdullah
Omar of the Allahu anhu it was collected by the amendment very happy and it is malkuth not more photo Rasulullah Salim that was that means it is a statement of Abdullah Omar a Sahabi that a Shiva
Morocco is the red color the redness in the sky. So this is the majority of the opinion majority of scholars. It's only Abu hanifa or the Allah I know, and two scholars from the Shafi method and some Sahaba two or three servers we used to believe that a shut up is the whiteness is a very white color and which is which will make it difficult very difficult for most Muslims to pray Asia, if we wait for the wait white color, white, you know, this is the brightness to disappear. We'll be praying Russia, maybe one o'clock or two o'clock in the morning. But hamdulillah majority of scholars majority of scholars, they say the chef up here means the red color allowed to Allah and this is the
opinion that is adopted by most of the scholars, even emember hanifa and as I told you is two famous scholars that will use Mohammed will have some shade Bernie did not agree with him. And some Hanafi scholars they said actually emember hanifa himself change his opinion at the end of his life. And he said and he said and he used to say at the end of his life that they shove up is the red color we're allowed to Allah Allah I'm not sure about it, but this is mentioned in some sources of hanafy
some Jaya who he Hina SATA and fetch Ruby soggy for Karla komiya Mohammed for Saliba karma for Salah saga. Then he came to him when the dawn broke yeah and in the beginning and said to him, oh, Mohammed stand up and praise a lot of Fujitsu he stood up and prayed fudger prayer was aluminum. So he came to him the next day had to Hina sala de Luca leash a miss Lowe. So in the first day he came to him at the time of when the sun had passed has just passed the zenith Zenith or the meridian. Now in the second day, he came when they shadow the length of an object objects shadow was almost equal to
the same length as the object itself, or the shadow of a person was equal to his height. So he came in the second day, and he said Congress only price a lot lower. Like methadone, for example, in the first day, he came to him at 130, for example, or 134, these days is zero as 134.
And he came to him in the second day, just before acid acid these days is 5550. Right? So just before assar, which is around maybe 540 or 530.
He gave him enough time to pray for her just before acid because at the end he will tell him between these two times. It's a time for these prayers for the holder and for us and and for different prayers. For majah Hina canovee Lucretia in Miss Lee for Carl Icahn philosopher karma for Salah Lhasa. Then he came to him in the same the second day, when the length of an object's shadow was twice the length of each object in the second day for answer prayer.
And he said stand up and pray. So he stood up and pray after so much competition she walked in while he didn't let me as well and who for Carla come for Celine Marie. So in this story in Makkah gibreel came to him at the same time for Mahara. He did not give him a gap for Marie.
That's why there are many people who are very careful about mercury prayer. But we will talk about the different headings which give us an extended time till shafique till the disappearance of the evening Twilight and the other Hadith in Sahih Muslim too. So we could be talking about nest abrogation here. Or we could we can use actually the two ahaadeeth in different ways. We'll talk about it now. But this is what you breathe it. Ali Silla, he came to him in the second day for margaree prayer at the same time
as the Messiah who Isha Hina they have a nice full lane, Alcala, Fuu. Lane, different
maybe the the narrator sometimes is the narrator is not sure he will tell you this or this. Based on that there is a controversy, disagreement between the scholars about a time for a Shabbat we'll talk about ignition. So he came to him for a prayer after half of the night had passed. Or he said one third of the night and he prayed a prayer. Most likely half of the night will Lota Adam because this is the most correct opinion. So Mojo superclean as far as he didn't come for Salah, so for karma for Salah, so the McCallum avena had a new walk to kulu. So he said he came to him for fudger prayer when dawn was very clear in the beginning. He came to him when dawn broke, just broke. And then the
second day he came when dawn was very clearly and the whole, the horizon was everything was white around him. So he said stand up and pray. So he prayed a little further and he said between these two times, our times for the prayers and actually in a different way.
Version he said how can someone and BIA in public and this is a proof that the prophets and messengers before us Allah says Allah used to pray these prayers will love to Allah Allah in a different version he said, this is how prophets and messengers used to pray before you belong to Allah. So this hadith is in tune to Medina says even a headband and emember Mm hmm. He said that Eman Buhari used to believe that this is the most authentic hadith, the narration of jabber because this hadith was narrated by many hobbies. So remember how he used to believe that the narration the version of jabiru Abdullah is the most authentic
version. This is the one that I mentioned now.
So as I said, this place this story took place in Makkah, and the next day, the next day only after Israel marriage. There are some people who think might one time I was giving a lecture about this subject. And someone told me that you said that Mohammed Salim went to bait and muck this and prayed as an Imam with all prophets and messengers. So he led the other prophets and messengers in a prayer there. And then he went to the heavens. And the last part, Allah prescribed the prayers upon him, and upon his oma. And he felt that this is a contradiction. And he said, I didn't want to embarrass you in front of people, and they want to ask you for under fievel. He came privately after the
haloperidol here, and he said, I feel like this is a contradiction. This is not there is no contradiction here. Not so much. I seldom used to pray before marriage, but he didn't know about the five daily prayers he used to pray most likely to rock as in the morning to work as in the evening. So gibreel told him about the prayers before his trip his journey to a surrounding mirage. What's happening during his journey of Islam Mirage, the five daily prayers were prescribed upon him and upon his own, but he was familiar with prayers. He used to go with any of the alone and hope they know how it is outside the city of Makkah. They used to pray to rock as in the morning and took us
in the evening Allahu taala
type the the other important Hadeeth regarding this issue is the hadith of Abdullah Muhammad Allah has and this howdy
this unit Abdullah Iman Ross of the aloni who heard this hadith in the city of Medina. So the first story took place in Mecca.
A second story is in Medina and there is no story here jabril did not come to realize I sell him, but as soon as I sell him to the Sahaba again about the timings of the prey, what is different here is he gave us an extension for Real Madrid.
Okay, and then about in Russia he gave us the exact time of Asia in this hadith and this had he is in Sahih Muslim so as soon as I seen him said walk to the Hurry, either Zanetti shampoo, or kind of the Lord Rashidi khatola he malim Yaga walk to us. So he said the time of Lord pray is when the sun passes the meridian and a man's shadow is the same length as his height. And its last as long as the time for us upgrade has not come. This is though we don't have problem with Thor in Calgary. People don't have problem with Thor anywhere. So it's not an issue Don't worry about it. And he said what will actually meant as far as shampoo, he said he said the time for us to pray as long as the sun
has not become pale and the sun becomes pale maybe 1520 minutes before
that means you are allowed to delay us till that time. So don't delay till before Maverick that's why the remedy said this is work the theory and work the the UI so what is the UI work theory we can translate it as optional. Optional time you are you have the option to delay the prayer till this time till the sun becomes pale or yellow which is 1520 minutes before mercury between this time and Mercury is what the Rory what is the Rory is you are allowed only you are only allowed to delay pray when you have an excuse.
So the argument is said based on this hadith we are not allowed to delay the onset of prayer beyond that time. Unless someone is sick, someone is facing some difficulty then he's allowed to delay prayer and praise after 15 minutes 20 minutes 10 minutes before Muharram you have to be careful about that. Especially in winter here winter is very difficult to me because because there are we have only two hours between Lauren acid and two hours between acid and mercury. So you have to be careful about take care of your acid prayer. Try to pray acid always 1520 minutes before Maghreb unless you have an excuse then it is okay. It is fine. And if you pray it, after the sun becomes
pale, it is not caught up it becomes cada if you pray after after mercury. So it still worked for us.
But we are not allowed to delay till the time unless we have an excuse a valid excuse.
And then also my sillim said, work to Salatin married man Amoeba shafique. So this is different here. So he said the time for Maori prayer is as long as a shepherd has ended. A chef is the evening Twilight and we said the majority of scholars used to believe that it is the red color and hermana to fill in the red color in the horizon. And he said walk to Alicia alienness fill out
the walks Alicia, we are allowed to delay Russia till the midnight midnight here does not mean 12 o'clock. It does not mean 12 o'clock is the Islamic midnight. What is Islamic midnight? Is from Maverick till fudger
Wait a minute. Yeah. Yeah, from Maverick till fashion, because this is the nighttime and then you divide it into two.
But it is eight hours. So what is if you divided into four hours, you get four hours, you add four hours is Maverick Maverick these days is
these days is not four hours, then this is an example.
interval between mother and father is not four hours. It's around.
So ratio is around the 914. So 26 hours, six hours and exactly six hours and 20 minutes. So the half will be three and 10 minutes, right? So you add 310 minutes to 940 that would be 1250. So that's midnight. So you are allowed to delay till this time
unless you have an excuse that you can print out after 1250 if you have an exclusive valid excuse you are sick
any valid excuse. So that's what Rory, I love to theory the optional time is between Maghreb to 1250. These days, we're allowed to add on
and then he said work to salata. suplemento infanterie Madame tolerations there are people in the summer who worry about praying 45 minutes after after fudger you don't have to worry about that. As long as you pray before too long a Shem says it is recommended to pray in the beginning but we delayed these days around 40 minutes make it easy to people even with 40 minutes many people are not able to attend it in the summer in the massage it hopefully they are paying on time and at home. But this is what Rasulullah Salim said and the time of fajita prayer is from the appearance of dawn as long as the sun has not risen.
And this is in Sahih Muslim by now the problem of Asia Asia,
timings in Calgary
there is a difference there is a there is an issue that has to be solved the I need to tell you about what's going on.
The difference between mercury and Isha has been fixed in Calgary long time ago, in the early 80s. With the end of the 70s by three members of the community with the presence of an Imam who was here I was told I asked a brother who used to live here in Calgary from the 70s, the middle of the 70s. And I told him who fixed who did the timetable for Calgary. And he mentioned three brothers from who were involved in the community at the time. And some of them are still alive. And he mentioned under the authority or the supervision of an Imam. He was called the Imam should have attended Marathi and I met him is a good brother Mashallah. Mashallah Senior Brother, senior Imam who is maybe 80 or 85
years old now. I met him in 1998 in Vancouver in BC, he used to be an Imam at that time here in Calgary. So, he told me that the consultants from people from Jordan from Egypt they looked at different timings and they came up with our timetable.
So, the fixed the the difference between Maghrib and Isha 90 minutes and it is the opinion of some scholars, the opinion of some organizations however, we have different timings on the internet.
And, and in here in in Calgary, for the whole year. The difference between Maverick and Asia is 90 minutes
except in June, some emails on local events, try to come up with steelhead and try to try to solve this problem couple of years ago, six, seven years ago, I don't remember and the decreased actually this difference from 90 to 80. Sometimes it is between 80 to 90. Sometimes it is 8586 87. But one week or 10 days in June, especially in the beginning of the summer. It is around 18 minutes. So it goes up to 1115
Long time ago, it used to go up till 1125 because the difference for the whole year was supposed to be 90 minutes and inshallah who will keep it 90 minutes we'll always keep it 90 minutes here based on observations because it is haram. I did some observations with some brothers here in the community in the summertime. And it is haram to pray before time it is a responsibility what I work for I have my witnesses Jani I went with a couple of brothers, we watched the the redness, the disappearance of the redness in the summer. And we've found that 90 minutes is fine. 90 minutes, I have to be honest with you, I didn't do it every night is difficult. I didn't do it every in every
week. But for a couple of days, for the last two years or three years. For a couple of days in July and June I used to go outside we used to go to North Hill Park, there is a hill there where there is also a place here beside 16th Avenue and 19th Street. If the intersection you go to the left side there is a residential area behind it there is a park and between the park if you go left towards downtown between the park, the residential area and the Green Park, you'd be able to look at the horizon. And you'll be able to see the redness disappearing there. So we found that 90 minutes is fine actually.
We are fine.
But there are different timings I will mention I will mention them here. The purpose of my observations were not to come up with the new timings, it cannot do it.
New timing is to go every night and look at the disappearance of the red color and do the same thing for for pleasure. And take notes and write the exact time this is something difficult. Very difficult. Someone who can I mean, it's a full time job is really difficult.
But what I did with the purpose of these observations is to compare to verify our local timing and compare it with the other timings on the internet. Because people are confused between our local timing and the one that is on the internet. On the Islamic finder we have different timings. But the one that is bothering people is there is no one there North America timing because now it is the default calculation that is found in smartphones, and iPhones and, and all smartphones. So sometimes we'll be praying Arusha here, we finish we say sell em, we offer our sell em and then is now we hear the other end in one of the cell phones. So people saying God, I was approached by many brothers
what's what's going on? Tell us what's going on. What is the difference between our local timing, and this is nothing I'll give you an example. May 25, this year 2015. Local our local time 1104.
North America is 1125. So the difference is 21 minutes between our local time and the one in North America.
A snare that was prepared by Israel makura it's an organization Saudi organization that did calculation for the whole world. Their timing for Asia for Calgary is the same 1104 is the same, like our timing 90 minutes. University of Islamic science in Karachi, Pakistan, they should be at 12 o'clock in the morning.
Two hours the difference is two hours 26 minutes.
So the difference between our time and their time for Calgary is 56 minutes, Muslim World League 11:47pm
and Egyptian general authority of survey 1154 The difference is 50 minutes.
So I have them or they are following a formula. I don't know the formula, but I know the variable in this formula, which is the angle of the heart of the Sun below the horizon. So, when you look at the horizon, the sun when the sign disappears, it keeps it keeps going down for example, so there is an angle. So some of them the follow the angles 1819 1512 different different tissue had different opinions, and these are estimations. But what is the principle general principle? The general principle is observation.
At the time of Russell lies, I sell them
and not every Muslim. By the way, not every Muslim has to go by sorry
that every Muslim has to go by himself and observe and he has any not everyone has to do the observation by himself. This is not an Islamic obligation upon every Muslim. The time for solace asylum, they had two people who were involved doing in charge of the land. And Abdullah who knew
Maktoum. So every Mac tune used to he used to be a blind his family memories tell him used to tell him about the signs. And beloved was not blind was able to see by himself these times. So it is one of them, who is supposed to be appointed by the local authority. And that's it. And this, this person is supposed to watch for the signs and make the end. And now's the time for the prayer. So it is not an obligation upon every Muslim to go and look for these signs. The owner maybe said it is fine to follow these timetables nowadays, they are a good alternative, you just have to make sure he tried to combine between your timetable and direct observation. And this is what I tried to do in
the last two years. Not to come up with a new timing but to verify our local timing and compare it with other
other timings on the internet. Now there are a number of
specially for first year of amateur assembly, Muslim jurists in America. Among them is Salah, sawi and some earlier medair. They did the research. And he said that especially for fudger. He said all the other timings should be ignored. And they are based on false dawn we'll talk about false dawn. And he said people should follow Islam. But based on some observation that I did only these days from Monday till Thursday.
Last night, I didn't do any observation, but from Monday till Wednesday, I went to that place so that they mentioned
and I saw no redness
at 1104 11 or 311 or two there was no redness it disappeared.
So that means our local time is okay is fine. But if I have to pray based on the time of a snap in your smartphones, I have to wait till 1125
but you look with your eyes, there is no redness, you cannot disbelieve your eyes, there is something faint, faint very faint light there. And it is it is so weak It is so weak as to to be difficult to perceive a Can you look at it and you say is there a different color there between yellow to brownish. But it's not. It's not clear, it's difficult to perceive it to say that there is a different color there. Other than the brightness of this in the sky, the brightness who said it's not an option, the white color is not an option. Majority of scholars said if the redness disappeared, then Asia is in.
So you can pray.
So just in the last three days, as I said Monday and Tuesday and Wednesday, I went to that place every every every night.
Just around 11 I parked my car and looked at the horizon red, this red color was not there. So hamdulillah and it's fine. But I cannot claim that I did for the whole year. And that's why the demo said 90 minutes is not good for the whole year. I agree with them.
The difference in the winter could be 80 minutes could be 60 minutes could be 50 minutes. How do we solve this problem? Prime mcgarrybowen time. Don't delay Marie, beyond 1520 minutes, and you will be fine.
So this is how we solve this problem because it's difficult for us now we don't have someone who is willing to go every night and watch for the disappearance of the red redness in the horizon, especially in the winter.
So the 90 minutes is not good if I claim that if I tell you that 90 minutes is good for the whole year. Now I'll be I'll be giving you the wrong information. There are many demos said 90 minutes is not good for but at least in the summer, 90 minutes is fine.
90 minutes is fine based on the you know our observations with some brothers here from this place and some other places to
And all these calculations are as I said
are estimated in
Is it possible to combine between macaronesia during the summer? Some people ask this question.
So So Marina
said that if someone is if the Muslim is facing some hardship or some difficulty,
he is allowed to combine between Maghrib and Isha.
As long as he does not make it a habit
as long as he does not make it a habit. It has to be very clear.
I mean, I don't mind if children who did not reach the age of puberty, they have school they can combine because they are children.
It's not worth it for them to pray
you know they will not be taken to account. We can benefit from this sort of stuff for adults, they can benefit from this concession as long as they don't make it a habit. They have to have a valid reason you're sick you are extremely tired or an excuse. What is their delene is the Hadees that is found in Sahih Muslim
ambassador of the Allahu anhu Gemma Allah Sulu likes I said lubaina booty will acid will mostly be will feel at home meanwhile Amata
para Joaquin Joaquin he was he lived at the time when I best school to live the adverse limb of Allah Derek Carr Kayla Mehta who haven't had ifisa Muslim Elena caralluma Elena Manhattan Gemma is refferal Hara here and illuma so here are the Allahu anhu said the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam joined by her and Margaret,
Laura Nasser and Maha Venetia. in Medina there was no field when there was no fear and no rain, no fear and no rain so there was no apparent reason for us who was excellent between two to combine between the horror and acid and even better the Allahu anhu narrated this hadith was asked about it. He said he did not want to cause hardship to his oma. So he wanted to give you an exit when you need it. And all the owner they said you have to have a reason to combine majority of scholars I have to be honest with you believe that this is sorry, Gemma sorry, it is a kind of simulated the combination can it's not a real combination. recombination takes place when water is sprayed at the
time of acid or acid is sprayed at the time of law, this is a recombination simulated combination it looks like it combination but it is not a real combination. And he is in one of the ahaadeeth he explained it he said he delayed for and he prayed
so it's not a real combination he delay lower this is the understanding majority of scholars based on these differences. The owner mindset follow the I am in the salata, kanatal and Nina keytab and makuta Jani, the Allah subhanaw taala has
prescribed these prayers on set times specified times. But if you have an excuse, and many scholars, contemporary scholars are saying you can benefit German you don't have to do German only when you are traveling. we shorten our prayers only when we are traveling. You cannot shorten your prayers. When you are in Calgary. You can't you can do that. When you are local you cannot shorten your prayers, but you are allowed to combine your prayers if you are facing some difficulty or hardship will allow you to add and
now when it comes to fajita prayer
and first you will first run into bisa Selim calm There are two types of fudger and firstly we'll saw the cultural carry false dawn and the true dawn. Okay, so Rasul Allah says lm said alpha zero first Rania horror movie time with a loopy salaat
movie salaat I select the first way Lupita has an ID through unhackable very happy with Sahaja avani okay female aroma sola sashimi this hadith he said there are two Dawn's the dawn when food becomes haram and prayer becomes permissible.
So food becomes haram when we are fasting and prayer is permissible. And we are allowed to pray fudger prayer and the dawn when prayer is haram. Prayer is haram that means it's Haram. The remedy said it's haram to pray before time. So there is no problem with delaying your prayer. The problem is, are you praying before time?
That's the problem. That's the question that you have to ask all the time.
If you delay your pray and half an hour later we'll have 40 minutes is not the problem. The problem is if you pray before time,
this is a real serious issue here.
So Rasulullah saw Solomon this hadith and he said about the second dawn he said and the Darwin prayer is haram and food is permitted. Food is permitted in Ramadan when we are fasting I have unfortunately carried the false dawn. So and he's called a chef rockenfeller key in the Arabic language, astronomical Twilight and there are a few do a research about Twilight. In the in the internet. You find that any people or people who deal with astronomy with this science, they talk about civil Twilight, nautical Twilight and astronomical Twilight ignore these these calculations. Ignore them because if you do you do research about Twilight in Calgary, this what you find on the
internet, ignore them. So Lhasa cillum has given us a lot actually Allah subhanaw taala has given us
Criteria how to know about fudgier time and sawtell bacara we'll talk about it now and everyone is familiar with this if we just follow if you will use use this ayah follow the guidance of this I will be able to find the right time for fudger and the second one is the false dawn that Rasulullah sallallahu talked about here. It is the second dorm
that he mentioned here in this hadith which is the whiteness that appears the aroma he said it appears vertically in the sky like pillars and it appears 20 minutes to 25 minutes before the real fudger before before the to further
in a different hidey hole assassin and he said hey Amanda come in so horrible either no VLAN VLAN needs to make them before the true fudger to wake up people to help them to wake up.
One alpha zero, alpha zero is the false alpha zero.
It is vertically in the sky. It looks like pillars and I'm personally i didn't i did not observe it.
But I looked at the internet I looked at the picture of this false dawn on the internet but with my eyes, I did not see it.
Well, I can never be successful card we're lacking in functional mustafi folk. So he said the one that is he said do not let the advent of VLANs stop you from eating suhoor VLAN in Ramadan used to make and then before fudger and Nomi Maktoum used to make fudger make sure that after fudger is in the true fuzzer is in.
And the difference between the two ends was was the length
or the time needed to recite around 50 verses of the Quran Allah Allah Allah This is the information that was given to us by samsa hovers the difference of time,
the difference between the two events at that time, but we shouldn't worry about this Hadeeth now, but this has etc delille but that there are two, two types, two features.
And he said there was one last I sell him he did not let the end of barrel stop you from eating. So who are the vertical dawn the one that is vertical, but the dawn which appears along the horizon, if you look at the East, the eastern side, the horizon it has to it has to be spread rhombus, he said is the one that is spread on the top of mountains and apart
is the one that is spread on the top of mountains appears in the eastern eastern side. And it is connected with the horizon. The other one is not connected with the horizon. But we shouldn't worry about that I'm explaining this to tell you something that is the root of
the assembly of Muslim jurists of America did the they did the research. And they are very, they are confident that all the other timings on the internet have to be ignored except Islam except North America. So in the state, they follow the timing that was prepared by Islam.
And it is different than our timing but I will tell you about this difference. He'll give you an example of today Friday, May 29.
today, the North America timing is 338
omokoroa 257 257 in the morning, University of Science in Karachi 304.
Egyptian authority of survey 240 to
242. So the owner of MGR measurement Takahashi in America. He said all these timings are based on the a chef rockenfeller key astronomical Twilight, and they have to be ignored. All of these are based on the false dawn
and I respect this rule and
I'm confident about their scholarship and they're in and they're
in the United States of America. But when it comes to North America timing, you know we always have to go back to what to our local observation when you compare it to our local time. What is our local time today
is the 359.
You look at the difference I compare it between the timing of our local timing and the timing of a snare for the whole year. We are always behind them which is good. We are in the safe side. We are always behind except in two months. around November and December we agree with them. We are almost the same.
We our timing maybe is before them. It was with one minute or two. Sometimes in some days. Most of the for the most of the year. We are behind them by 15 minutes or 20 minutes, which is good makes you happy.
So we are in the safe side
When it comes to
how do we do Ramadan now?
the ruler the said there are some photographers here there are two options for you in Ramadan. If you want to be in the safe side you do m sec based on the time of your smartphone
which is around 15 minutes the difference Are you look at June 18. The difference is 15 minutes if you want to be in the safe side, if you want to be if you want to follow our local time, it's fine. Why because the ISS Roku shabu hattah yet lbnl aku heighten via luminol heikkila, demon alpha
and even this ruler man who did this research they said these are estimations.
They always say the general principle is local observation.
And last year in this place, we were doing guarantee calf last year it will do get a calf here, Ramadan, and he used to go every day almost every day to that room in the second in the second floor. There is a window there we used to look at the horizon in the eastern part of the city and hamdulillah for a couple of days not for the whole 10 days. I was very confident to the white.
The brightest of the future would appear when the brother is making event here.
This is last year for a couple of days. Not for the whole year. Still. Again 9090 minutes is not good for the whole year. But I cannot verify it for the whole year. I cannot do it. But I'm trying to my best to give you an idea that we are for the whole year we are in the safe side when it comes to 5g ignore the timings of your smartphones and follow our timings. We are on the safe side in Ramadan. Yes, North America time is before our time you have two options. If you want to follow the North America time based on their MGR research, you will be taking the safe side and I might were preparing the schedule for this Ramadan we might do the archaea based on their time and there is no
insec in the sooner you are allowed to eat your time. But in many messages in many countries, they will they like to be on the safe side. So the the leave a gap of 10 minutes or 15 minutes. And we tell people stop eating 10 minutes before fudger and they call it insec
interior there is no insect in sac is at the time of fudger right. But if we do it here in Calgary, and if you print it in the in the calendar, just because we want to observe the other opinion. We want to respect the other opinion which is North America in Ramadan, we don't need it for the whole year. We are happy for the whole year we are our timing is B is behind them and hamdulillah and which is safe. But for Ramadan if you want to be in the safe side, when you stop or you look at Islamic finder you find the default time calculation there is North America. It's around 15 minutes before our local time if you want to follow our local time
this is the photo of chef Nora Fabian and some other scholars. He said if you are not sure you can continue till the last the end the
the last till the last time that you have
you know the later time because the last time that I said we're kulu Chabot had a baby and Ella come eat and drink until the white thread of the dawn appears to you distinct, you are able to distinguish between the white thread of the fudger and the black thread of the night.
And I used to do it in the wintertime. I used to go through Deerfoot coming here to this place to to pray when I when I drive through default to coming to Memorial I'm able to look at the eastern side and the western side. And I was able to distinguish hamdulillah for many days between the white thread of fudger in the eastern side and the black thread of the darkness in the in the western side. This is how we know for sure Firstly, wait until you are if everything is dark around you there is no further
for a couple of days. The time was in based on the timetable but everything Everything was dark. Allow annum maybe because of the the clouds, I'm not sure but for many days and hamdulillah I was able to see the difference between the white, the brightness, the whiteness in the east and the darkness in the western side of the city. And this is the best way to find out about that.
Because sometimes in the summer, the nights are very bright. And it's difficult to distinguish between the the brightest that is in the night left from Asia time and between the brightness of fudger. So the best time is to look at both sides, east and west. And you try to distinguish between the white thread in the east and between darkness in the in the West. As I said, you don't have to do it as Muslims like everyone has to go outside and do it. But
this is what we have these days and these timetables and these calculations, and so far as I said, I'm happy with
our times for fudger in Calgary
because they are better than North American timings and also an Asia so far we're fine 90 minutes especially in the summer, but in the in the winter could be less than 90 minutes so you have to be careful pray Margaret so you pray mother one time in the winter, don't delay it. Answer a prayer try to pray it always 1520 minutes before Margaret
and fudger if you always delayed 1015 minutes is good to be in the safe side in Ramadan during Ramadan. Try to if you want to be in the safe side stop eating 15 minutes before local timing for follow isn't a timing North America timing and you will be fine Everything will be fine. We might miss few days during the year. Allahu Allah. Allow Adam and Eve nuts. But the this is what we have nowadays in in Calgary and any I believe that the brothers who did the timetable long time ago in Calgary did a good job. This is what I believe.
And he did the rest were allowed to
carry but based on these observations, I think they did a good job of allowing Tyler Jazakallah here