Essential Fiqh – August 30, 2020
Channel: Daood Butt
File Size: 22.29MB
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah where he will stop eating ramen right after my bad Santa Monica Monica two lightning robot a cattle. I hope everyone is doing well in sha Allah. I hope you enjoyed your weekend. I'm looking forward to my weekend which actually begins tonight after Isha.
So, I'm looking forward to that. hope all of you enjoy your weekend and you're all going to go back to work and, you know, do your thing for the next few days. inshallah while I get a little bit of a break, and that's just, you know, kind of interesting last night, before we get started, you know, some of the brothers outside of the mustard. They were talking about going to Niagara Falls, and they're like, okay, we'll be honest, and you and that family in this family and they were standing right next to my car and I'm like, Mashallah, you guys are planning a trip to Niagara Falls, and you didn't invite me? They're like, Yeah, come as you want. We're going either on Friday, or next week,
Friday or Saturday. And I was like, those are my days off. So those are those are work days for me. And then they go, well, we're off from work at that time. So that's why we're going like I understand. So can you guys go when I'm off from work? And like, No, we can't do that. But why don't you come along and like so how do you want me to come along on a trip with you when I'm supposed to be at work, but you won't come along on a trip with me when you're supposed to be at work? Doesn't really balance out right? So
hamdulillah it is what it is. just reading through here sent you feedback about my speeches, check anytime shot a lot of data. I don't know where you sent that. So just let me know in sha Allah. But I have been back to back to back to back to back all day, even yesterday and the day before. So forgive me Friday, Saturdays and Sundays are super busy for me. And then when Monday comes around, I just don't want to check any messages or read anything. Because it just becomes too much to handle. Call us. Let's continue today we're going to be finishing the chapter on zeca. And we started last week discussing the people who are eligible to receive zecca.
To recap, oversight the ayah Allah subhana wa tada says in verse number 60, of surah to Toba in number sonoko to kneel for cuando una mesa Kini when Armenian irony her when I left at Punahou boom watching Nico.
What do you mean, our fee Sabina is semi very much
more money when it Tomas Han which Allah says, The ohms and we're referring to zeca here are only for the poor, the needy, those employed to collect funds, as in those who are employed to collect Zika. And to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined towards the stem to free the captives were slaves and for those in debt, and for a lost cause. And for the wayfair, as in a traveler who was cut off from everything, and
a duty imposed by a law. And a law is all nowhere, all wise.
We also took the first three
categories of people that are eligible to receive as we mentioned last week, the poor and the needy, just to go over it again, those who are poor, those who who don't have like, they don't have anything, they don't have a home, they don't have food, they don't have clothing, they might only have what they actually have with them now, physically, and that's pretty much it. The poor are those who don't have the needy or those who have but neat. So it could be
you know, it could be someone who
has home, might even have a job, but the job doesn't pay enough. Right. So that could even be someone who is needy.
And we covered that last week.
Those employed to collect the funds, we mentioned that the people who collect is a car who are employed to actually go around and collect it and then distribute it. They may be caseworkers. They're the ones who you know, help educate people about Zakat, and so on and so forth. they're entitled to receiving a salary from that as well. And we'll see a little bit more about them today. Even if they are someone who's wealthy, let's say the person who's doing it to someone who's wealthy, they're still entitled to collecting a certain amount of salary from zecca in order to maintain the zecca collection and distribution in society. Then we move on to the next category that
we're going to start off with today.
whose hearts have been inclined to
And I briefly touched upon this in one of the statements Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned about some of the people who receive zakat. And he said, some Allahu Allah he was sent him it was to reconcile their hearts right to bring their hearts together.
It could also be for people who are inclined towards embracing Islam.
Or their, you know, they interact with the Muslims.
For example, the example of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, when he gave someone even my year, from the booty of her name, the Battle of her name, because he participated in the battle, even though he was emotional at the time, right. So even though he was emotionally he participated in the battle and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave him from
zeca. And someone said, he continued to give me until he became the most beloved person to me, after he had been the most hated person to me, right, he's saying this about the Prophet salallahu, early, he was one of them.
So those whose hearts are inclined towards Islam, are eligible to receive zecca. Now, it could also be, for example, you know, a large tribe somewhere,
or, you know, the leader of a nation and you know, they're, you know, interested in Islam, they're coming towards Islam, they're ready to embrace Islam, they're going through difficult time to help them out. It could be, you know, someone who
is new to Islam, very new to Islam, for example, in a family abandons them, or someone wants to accept Islam, but their family members say, if you do accept this, then we reject you, we offended you, you're no longer allowed to come back home, and so on, and so forth. And we can use the kind of wealth for that. Number five, the fifth category is to free the captives, or free slaves. And this is more particularly for the slaves who
were the already had an agreement,
of have a certain amount to be paid to their master, for them to be freed. So they were sort of working to save a certain amount, or to earn a certain amount, they would save from that, and then pay their master a certain amount, you know, regularly in order to eventually pay the amount that they agree upon to free themselves to be, you know, free and no longer a slave or a captive. So we can use the wealth of the Muslims, that is that kind of wealth, to free a slave. In modern times, I would say, especially here in North America, we don't have slaves. I've talked this over with a few memes, for example, if someone, you know, Muslim, who the community knows, well, who maybe was
arrested for whatever reason, could be, you know, false allegations, or accusations, and so on, you know, to pay their bail, to get them out of prison, or,
you know, whatever, to basically get someone out of a very tight, very difficult situation that they're not in control of a loss of habitat it was
six are those who are in debt, because we're in debt. And these fallen into a few different categories. mention them to you in shallow dad, they include those who incurred expenses in solving disputes, among others. So for example,
someone recognize that two people were arguing amongst themselves, one of them owed the other money, and the dispute was going back and forth and ongoing and would take some time. So a third person came along and said, You know what, I'm going to pay your debt to that person, so that you no longer are going to dispute amongst yourselves. So it's permissible to use that.
For those who incurred expenses in solving disputes, among others, so it's now permissible to use account money to pay this person off, right to pay them off, because they incur the debt by helping someone else who had to owe someone else, right.
those who have guaranteed a loan that has now become do
so those who have guaranteed a loan that has no become do, they have to pay back a loan, that they that they borrowed, and they no longer have that wealth or they do not have enough of the wealth so we can use that kind of money in order to help that person pay off that loan. That is a debt upon them. Also, those who cannot pay their debts and those who committed sin, but then repented. So those who cannot pay their debt, for example, you know, you have a debt. It's not necessarily a loan. Maybe you bought some things
from someone and you said you're not I'll pay it off over time, I'll pay you installments and you're no longer able to pay that or, you know, you reach the deadline.
you reach the deadline, and you're no longer, you know, you just don't have enough to pay that debt. So it is permissible to use that kind of money for that, okay, those who cannot pay their debts, also those who committed sin, but then repent it. So for example, someone who did something that was haram and repented from it. And when we say repented, it's not like they, they committed the sin this afternoon, and they repented five minutes ago. And this is a sin that they've committed, you know, multiple times, or every single week, for example, every single month, once or twice, you know, they commit this sin might be for example, gambling, or the sale of something that was hot or
Now, if they have a track record of saying, oh, I've repented, right, I made Toba. And then, you know, someone gives them money, and then they spend it. And then I go, I met Olga, and then someone gives them money, and they go spend it. No, that's not that's not the case. We're talking about people actually repent. Right, and people who left off this sin and they've changed themselves, if they've stayed away from that sin, they no longer go back to it. They're not involved in it, you know, they repented from that sin they've moved on, they've moved away from it, but they still have this debt from the past that they're trying to pay off.
It could even be someone might say, well, what if it's like a loan that was taken with interest? And what if it was an interest loan, someone who was not Muslim, you know, took an interest loan for schooling for education. And then they became Muslim? And they said, No, you know what, this is how long this is not permissible. So they no longer took that loan. As in, they stopped receiving that wealth that was held on for them. But of course, they still have a big chunk of money that they need to pay off. And so they work towards paying it and then someone from the Muslim says, Hey, you know what, I know this person has this debt. And it's a debt that they incurred, that was how technically
taught them, you know, debt. But they repented from it, they sought forgiveness, they embrace this down, they stopped, you know, doing this sort of thing. And so they use there is a kind of money or wealth to help that person out. So that's another time when it would be permissible.
Justice a little bit. Okay.
let's see, let's see, let's move on. Okay. Number seven.
Another category of people that are permitted to receive aka are
or is using it for the sake of Allah can using that as a cat for the sake of Allah. And when we say FISA beat Allah,
primarily at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam we would say that this is, you know, the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that went out to fight a battle at the time, and there were wars and battles and everyone's history. And I don't know why as Muslims, we always feel like we're being targeted when we talk about the battles that happened in Islam. But any of us have the companions that went out and fought in any of those battles.
Who had no right to receive money from the public Treasury. From beta, they can receive zeca, okay, because they're gone, they're abroad, they're not able to work and earn and give to their families. So the family might not have what they need.
And this, this category can can be very broad, you know, when we say FISA, Beatty law, it's not just that it could be for example, you know, the need for download material, okay, you know, scholars in western countries or Muslim minority countries, I should say, we've seen the use of this category in various different ways, sometimes even building massage it as much as it's not something that I like, I personally don't prefer it as a kind of money goes towards building massages. But I would say that having heard the arguments from many of the, you know, more senior scholars about this, that it could be permissible to use zecca for the building of massages and the maintaining of
massages. Why because in countries where Muslims are a minority, first of all, you don't get that land for free, so you have to buy that land. You also then have to either buy land that has a building on it, or then build a building on it.
Then you may have to do renovations and then it also costs money to maintain it. And so, that could be a category another category or another. parts of this category of either luck could be those who need to perform Hajj pilgrimage and go for Hajj.
For example, even basketball you land in that area, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was intending to perform the pilgrimage. And a woman said to her husband, let me go.
Let me make Hajj pilgrimage with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So he replied, her husband replied to her and said, I have nothing for you to make pilgrimage on, I don't have an animal for you to write, to go to MCC and perform Hajj. She said, let me ride on such and such camel of yours. So you have a camel, let me write on it. And he replied and said it has been kept for the sake of a lot. That is that that portion is is that kind of he has to give it up.
He then went to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said my wife conveys her greetings to you. She has asked me to make the pilgrimage with you.
I told her that I have nothing for her to make the pilgrimage on. And she requested such and such Campbell. I told her that it was being kept for the sake of Allah. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then told him, if you let her make the pilgrimage upon it, it would be for a lost cause, as in the wealth that you would be giving for a cat that is used to take someone to hedge would be permissible.
You see that? So when we talk about FISA Deaton law, this category of using wealth for the sake of Allah subhanho, wa, Tada.
I could even say that, you know, inseego, to the extent where they say we could use a cow for download material, like the printing of Islamic books, and literature or making videos, that that would be used to spread Islam or to educate people about Islam, and so on and so forth. Because there's no funding for it, like, there's no other place for it. There's no way that that money comes from, when you go to countries where, you know, it's Muslim majority, or it's a Muslim government,
they usually we'll give money to,
you know, the massage assignment organizations that were organizations, or they will be part of the ministry, you know, of the government anyways, so they would initiate certain projects, and so on. So there's funding that's coming in from the government anyways, however, in Muslim minority countries where, you know, we don't have those options. You know, you could throw a good number of things into this category and say, This is FISA beaten us for the sake of a loss of data, like, you know, it's not being used for anything else other than the spread of Islam, or, or to clarify Islam, or to educate people on Islam or to help the Muslims right.
And to provide other services as well, right to provide other services that are needed within society at a loss of animal attacks. And those best the last of the eight categories are
in this video, is the wave fare.
The traveler who was cut off in a foreign land, so someone who traveled to another country, area, another city, and they were cut off from, you know, wherever they came from, and they have nothing to help them
continue along on their journey or nothing to help. So they're basically someone who's traveled, who's traveling and in need, okay, someone who's traveling and in need.
He's to be given from this account until it is until that person is able to reach their homeland until they're able to return back to where they came from. Even if he be a person of wealth, even if that person is someone who has wealth, it is permissible to give them Zakat or to use that kind of money for that in order to help them get back to where they came from. So Islam is you know, very understanding of people's situations. And the evidence for this position is in the above first that we mentioned, also in the hadith of Abu Saeed who said that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, it is not permissible to
give charity sorry, it is not permissible to give charity to a rich person except in certain cases. And from amongst those he mentioned five cases from amongst those five cases he mentions, the one who is employed to collect his account is one of those categories. The person who is rich,
bought an item of charity charity from his right so they're going to receive an item of charity because they purchased it with their wealth
So within this category is a poor person
who is given charity and then he gives it as a gift to a rich person and a debtor. Right, someone who
you know, needs to. So a person who lent someone money and is owed money, right?
They're allowed to receive Zakat money as in you can give Zakat or use Zakah to pay off another person's debt. So you're basically giving Zakat to a rich person. And people say, Well, how can you give us a contribution, because they are in debt, they lend money to someone, and the money was not given back to them, they left them some sort of wealth, and they're receiving it. So, you know, most people don't think of it that way. They're like, okay, to pay it off. It's permissible to use it to pay off a person's debt. But what do you pay? You look at the person who say, well, this person is a millionaire, they don't need like, $1,000.
Is there a millionaire? multi millionaire? Once $1,000? Or what's $200? for them? $250? What do you think of it? It's like saying, Wait a second, we're taking the company and giving it to someone who's a multi billionaire. Is that right? Or this? Technically, it is because that person lent someone money. And we are paying off the debt of that poor that person, whether they're poor or not, we're paying off their debt, and giving it to the person who is owed to the money. Even though the person who's owed money, may be a multimillionaire doesn't matter. Right doesn't matter.
They are in debt,
that this money, and the money is being repaid to them. So depends on how you look at it. Allah Subhana Allah knows best. These are the categories that we'll look at for tonight. And the last thing that we'll finish with Chatelet Adana, within the chapters I got is voluntary charity. Okay, voluntary charity, not specifically zeca. This is just charity in general, it's recommended that we give charity as often as we possibly can, right as often as we possibly can. And that doesn't mean that we give large chunks of charity all the time. That could mean that you know, you come for selected budget and you put $1 in the donation box, right? Or if you do an automated right you you
go online and you donate $1. Or you have it automatically set that every single day you're going to donate a certain amount. And the reason why I say this is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, these
hoodies is an authentic Hadeeth that's agreed upon by a man party as well as you know, Muslim.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, in the morning of every day, two angels descend from heaven. One of them says, Oh Allah compensate whoever spends in your cause whoever spends whoever gives the charity for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the angel say, the angel says, will not compensate whoever spends in your cause. And the other says, Oh Allah, destroy whoever withholds destroy whoever withholds whoever refuses to give, whoever refuses to spend, for the sake of a loss of habitat. So every morning, two angels descend from heaven from the skies, basically, right? And they,
you know, one of them says, oh, Allah compensate whoever spends whoever it gives a charity. And the other one says, or love destroyed whoever withholds from giving in charity. And of course, the verses sort of bacala verse number 261, where Allah subhana wa tada says, method of living in a bone and what he said he, he came up with any help bet in that said, VeriSign, and if you can listen to me as
well, we have our email he
was here and it must have kind of which honestly, is the likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of a muscle kind of what you had with a new levena unifi Poon. And welcome, FISA de la is like that of a grain
of corn, for example.
It grows seven ears, and each ear has 100 grains. Okay, a lot gives manifold increase to whom he pleases, and a lot is all sufficient for his creatures. For his creatures, his needs isn't the creation of Allah Subhana Allah to add it. And he is the old Knower. So a lot of handling data knows your situation, you know, in some kind of a lot earlier today, I was talking to a brother and I gave him an example of, of charity. And he started to cry. I didn't expect it. So he was sitting, you know, in front of me, we're discussing something and I gave him an example of charity and he started to cry, like tears just flowing down. He took off his glasses and he was like lightning and he
couldn't speak. He was crying. I was like, I'm really sorry. I even apologized to him. I said, I'm sorry, I didn't. I didn't mean to make you emotional.
What I was saying, he says no law, what you're saying is true. He says, I remember there was a time in my life where I was in debt. As in someone owed him wealth, right. And it was a case that was in court. He said for 20 years, this is back home in their country. He says, for 20 years, we were you know, is basically had to do with property, right. So they were going back and forth in this case.
And he said how the law he went,
one day, he went somewhere, and it was a poor family. And he went in to see the family, like his mother told him or someone told him to go into visit these people because they were really poor. And he had in his pocket, he had
1000 DNA in each pocket, right? Egyptian DNA, which is basically he said at that time was about $100 in his pocket, $100 in his right pocket, $100 in his left pocket, but for some people $100 a lot of money, especially we're talking about years ago, right?
So he said, he went there, and he went in the home, and he says, you know, we're sitting talking and the father was saying, you know, my child is sick this night, he says, where's your Where's your child, telling me about this child who's sick, where's the sick child, if they're so sick, they should be home. And the father said, the child is under the blanket you're sitting on. So he was sitting like on the edge of the bed. And just behind him under the blanket was the child. So he lifted the blanket, he saw the child was under there, and he's like, the child was so sick and so skinny. He's like, Subhanallah, I just started to cry. I felt so emotional, that I couldn't contain
myself, he got up, he walked away. And he went to, you know, the the mother, and he gave, he said, I took the wealth from both pockets. And I put them together and I gave it and I just took everything I had, and I gave it to them. And I left and he said, Well, I you know, the feeling in my heart was I'm giving this sadaqa only for the sake of Allah subhanho to Allah. And yeah, Allah, you know, you know, he was saying, Allah, you know, my city, you know, his situation, right? saying Allah, you know, my situation with, you know, that court case has been going on for two for 20 years. He said, After that, we got back and he said, I was really like, you know, so shaken at heart and so
disturbed. He says, When I got back, as soon as I got back, I got out of the car, there was someone there like a lawyer standing there and said, Where are you? We're waiting for you to finalize this deal. He's like, What do you mean, finalized? It's been 20 years this thing is going on? He says, Yeah, the, you know, the person you're disputing with, they're offering this amount to you, if you want to take it, take it and and we'll close the case. And he said, this will last a lot. Let's do it. That's how he got his money back.
And he says, he made that intention to a while I made this trip for that and I'm coming here and I'm giving some backup, please make this easy for me. And immediately as he got back in, you know, got back into the car and drove back. That case was settled. Absolutely amazing. Right. And so he was crying Still, he was telling me this and he's crying. And he was like, you know,
Southern, it fixes everything. If you have a family member who's sick, Southern affixes and we know that through the son of the Prophet, so all of a sudden the right gifts, other gifts other you're going through problems, give some you have an issue gives your healthy gifts. Right, you're wealthy, you don't have anything give some sadaqa the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he you know had a date in his home and I shoveled the lava and gave it away. Right? It doesn't know when it will be shipped tomorrow. Right fear of loss of habitat even with you know a piece of morsel of a date.
So Southern charity is so important my brothers and sisters, I would encourage every single one of us tonight now as we're watching this to go into give some setup do some sort of charity go online there's lots of different places online you can give sadaqa you want to give to the masjid I know during Ramadan I used to I usually push very very hard during the month of Ramadan
you know for the masjid. So here this is the website I put it up on Facebook and on YouTube as well. For anyone who wants to donate to the masjid for those on Instagram and want to feel free you know www.qcnet.com www.icnamltn.com and if you want to donate anywhere else, because we'd love to walk around a lot you know it's important for us to remember Allah subhana wa tada through giving sadaqa as well and remember setup doesn't only have to be wealth, as in money
to boot right so there can be
you know, a various different sorts so that cooking can
can be a watch. And I always I always look for something in cars, it's there. It could be watch, it could be the shirt. It could be the shirts that you're wearing the profits along there and he was some of them, you know, someone commented or complimented on his clothing and the profits.
Longer it was on the winterboard clothing and took off what he was wearing and what didn't give that to someone else.
That's the way of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, ask Allah subhana wa attallah to make it easy for every single one of us to learn the importance of sadaqa. And to continuously give
and will conclude by saying, you know, this last portion of the chapter among the people priority should be given to a person's family and relatives when we're giving sadaqa we should prioritize giving to our family and relatives.
The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, giving charity to the poor is an act of charity, while giving charity to a relative is to acts of charity, and keeping the ties of kinship,
right to act of charity, and keeping the ties of kinship. And so we are not only just giving charity to family, it's also maintaining that family relationship we ask Allah subhana wa tada to make it easy for every single one of us to maintain our relationships with our family members, as well as panelists at its height and goodness in our lives. And to bless every single one of us with the best of this world in the hereafter. ask Allah subhana wa tada to keep every single one of you protected and safe. And to remove this pandemic from from the world. ask Allah to grant us the best of this dunya and the best of the euro
area we ask Allah subhana wa tada to make our grades a wide open sweet scented garden of Paradise, and to make us from amongst those that constantly given set of thought. And we ask Allah subhana wa tada to make us examples to our children of those who constantly give, right that we constantly given our children see that we constantly give to others and they grow to learn the importance of Southern law and that becomes a sort of a jatiya for every single one of us. I mean, what is equitable haven are some of the law or send them all of our account identity in the us it was a limb was sent out more Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh