Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 10

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Karim

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Ali was Hobie woman is standing every student at elomi Dean

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operates due to a law and malas peace and blessings be on the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, nor those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In the previous session,

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we ended with the 22nd verse. And of course, this was after looking at the 21st verse,

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in which we looked at the decision made by the people, and the time of the youth who are in the cave, to build a structure over the grave when we talked about its implications, etc. And in the 22nd, verse, we looked at the different

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statements which were made concerning how many they were, and whether they were three, the dog being the fourth, five, the dog being the sixth, etc. And we confirm that last month, Allah, he has affirmed that their number were in fact seven, with the dog being the eighth.

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And we said that, a lot also told us to avoid arguing with them about it,

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as there really is not that much benefit in it on one hand. And on the other hand, Allah knows best really, what the numbers were. And

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those types of arguments,

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like other scholastic type arguments, which have developed in different religions, you know, only distance people away from the true spirit of the faith, as the faith is not something which is

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only

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analyzed, or, or discussed at length from us from an academic perspective, but a living faith, which each and every one of us, you know, has to accept within our hearts for that faith to be real.

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At the end of the verse, we mentioned the law had said, nor ask anyone concerning them.

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And

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we said that this was a prohibition in terms of asking Christians and Jews about

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the slippers because they don't have certain information. But it doesn't mean that we may not ask them about other things, we may not take information concerning other things. And this was an important point, because

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we know there is a well known narration

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in which Omar Abdullah apob

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had

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spoken to the prophet SAW Selim about

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the Torah, what had been taught to him or shown to him of the Torah. And

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when he did this, the prophet SAW Selim had become quite angry about it. And on the basis of this, some people concluded that

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it is not permissible to study the books of the Christians in the Jews

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at all for Muslims is not something permissible. However, there are other narrations, one of the very famous ones

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containing the same verse believable the same statement of the prophets I send them Bella who I knew I uh, you know, convey whatever you've learned from me even if it's only a single verse from the Quran, the brothers wasallam went on to say what had the SU Ambani sobre, El Mirage, and you may speak about the children of Israel, and without any sin involved in it.

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And

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we also have the brothers last alum, saying,

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either

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Kitab fell out to solve the cohomological the boom

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that if the People of the Book relate information to you, you don't declare what they're saying to be correct, unless it is confirmed from our own sources, nor do you declare them to be lies. Unless it contradicts what we have, which contradicts what is in the Quran or the Sunnah, then we know it's lies, but what is in between, then we remain on a neutral level and it is this material which we may

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never

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from them along with the material which confer which is confirmed by

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what we have in our sources, and the scholars themselves discussed about it, you know, pointing out that it is us it is permissible to go in, for example, like the story of Musa, or the story of use of both of which are found in the Quran as well as in the Torah, and where there are certain details which further explain some elements of the story from the Quran that one may generate this information. So when it comes to the area of Dawa, of course, where we know that problems are Salam

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did question the Jews, there is a case where a

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woman, man and woman had committed adultery, and they were to be punished in the process of Solomon asked them, What does your book say about it, knowing already what it says. But they claim that it didn't say anything beyond beating them, you know, lashing them, and

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one of the companions who was a convert from Judaism, he had told the prophecy Salama, this was a lie. So the process and I'm told him to bring the book and read from it, that the punishment was in fact,

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stoning. Just as in the Quran. So we have the practice of the Prophet Marcel Salaam, we have other statements of his, which when you put the two together, what scholars have explained like images and virtual body explains that

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the original prohibition for

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all modern hottub was in the early stages when the laws of Islam were not established.

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But once they were established, then to hear about their laws, no problem because Islamic laws were already established, people knew about them, and they could look at it in a comparative fashion, which would not be confusing. Whereas if it were prior to the establishment of the laws, then it would be confusing for those who have not already learned the laws of Islam, they have not been revealed, etc. So this is why the prophet SAW Selim, you know, reacted so strongly to Omar Abdullah hotjobs suggestion that they utilize the Torah for the extraction of certain laws.

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Now onto verse 23, and 24 together, we'll add a colon Alicia in in the following Valley kawada illa Sha, Allah was called Rebecca Eden a seat, local Casa de Anurag B Leah, Cora acaba, minha rasheeda.

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And do not say I will not do something tomorrow without saying, if Allah wills, but remember your Lord, when you forget, and say, it may be that my lord guides me to a narrow way of truth than this.

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So the verse begins with the last behind Allah, teaching the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam the correct etiquette for speaking about doing things in the future.

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What is the correct etiquette? Now in most of the books of Tafseer, that you read, you will find that the commentators have linked this to the incident we spoke about earlier, where people had come from, to the Meccans had gone to Medina or people from Medina, Jews from Medina had come to the Meccans and told them to ask the performs as lm three questions. And he said, I will tell you tomorrow, without saying in sha Allah, so this was, this is in the books, and most of the books that you will read as being the reason for the revelation of this verse, and also for part of the surah. However, this story is not authentic.

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You know, nobody knows, no matter.

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The fact that you're reading ethnic affair, you'll find it mentioned throughout this whole issue of the story of the cave, you will find it in you know a while by and you'll find it in karate, you'll find it in all of the books.

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But, in fact, the story is not authentic. So we can't use it as an explanation for the revelation of the verse because they what they were going to say is that after the Prophet comes, or Solomon said, I will tell you tomorrow, then revelation about it was delayed for some weeks, some said weeks, some say months, you know, but this is I said the story. So usually when they go to explain this part of the verse, they use that as an explanation that the processor Sallam had made this mistake, allow us correcting him for this particular mistake. And this was the reason

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For a revelation of this verse in particular, but as I said, this is not an authentic story, no matter how often you hear it, no matter where you read it, it has no support from the authentic books of Hadith narration, it's found in the Syrah of ebony Sham, but there are many other things also found there which are not authentic.

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So, this is not the explanation. The correct explanation is just Allah is laying down etiquette, the etiquette for the prophesized alum and for the oma as a whole, that when speaking about the future, which is something beyond our knowledge, that we should always link it to the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And the prophets are Salaam, did give us a story about Prophet Solomon, Solomon, and Tao, the Son of God, in which he said that tonight he would visit all of his wife 70 of his wives I'm nourishing said 90, and each one of them will give birth to a son who will fight for the sake of Allah. It was said to him, say, if Allah wills, but he ignored it, and didn't say it.

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He went to the women, but none of them gave birth except for one who gave birth to a half form child, a deformed child. And the prophet SAW Selim went on to say,

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how he said it,

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they would all have fought in the way of a law. So the example if we want to use an example, this is the one we can use this is authentically narrated in Sahih al Bukhari as well as a Muslim.

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And do not say, I will do something tomorrow without saying if Allah wills, of course, tomorrow here means the future. In general, it doesn't necessarily just mean tomorrow. So if you talk about next week, and not just tomorrow, it's okay. No, tomorrow means the future in Arabic, Latin can be used to refer not only to the actual day to come, but the time to come.

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That by adding a laws will,

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one gains two basic benefits from making a statement and adding in Sharla. The first of which is that one turns over one's affairs to Allah. So Allah has promised to make things easy for you. omiya, tequila, Allahu mycologia. Whoever fears a law, a law will make a way for them.

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It will provide from them from where they don't expect it. So a lot of promises there that if we trust in Him, He will make things easier for us. So one benefits by adding in sha Allah to whatever we say about the future in that way. Secondly, if one makes an oath,

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one says by a law I'm going to do so and so inshallah, then if one is unable to do that, then he has not broken or she has not broken her oath or his oath. So there is not a requirement for expiation from the oath.

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He says, I will do this as a means of informing and not as a certainty about its occurrence. The statement of a laws wish is not required.

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If one says, I will do this as a means of informing and not

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as a means of expressing certainty about its occurrence.

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Then, using in sha Allah is not a requirement. It's still better, but not you will not have gone against what Allah has said here. This is shareholders A man was explaining this point.

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He said, for example, if your friend asked you, will you pass by my place tomorrow? And you said yes. Without saying, Allah willing, there is no harm, because it is information about your intention and information about your intention. And what is in your heart has been permitted by law.

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It's information about your intention and meaning. When you say yes, you mean I intend to visit I'm not being yes mean? Absolutely. I will visit you just you just expressing your intention. And that intention can only take place by the permission of Allah subhanaw taala. So you don't have to say in sha Allah about your intention, the laws already given permission for that intention.

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However, if you intended that it would take place you did intend really definitely I do plan to come I do. I am coming.

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I'm definitely coming, then you should say insha Allah.

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Because ultimately you don't know no one knows whether it will take place or not. We don't have that knowledge of the future.

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But remember your Lord when you forget

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was called Rebecca either in a seat. But remember your Lord when you forget. This means remember your Lord's command by saying, Allah willing,

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if you forget to say it, because people could forget, and if they do so then a lot mightier said, Rob Bonilla to our Kidner in Siena, our partner, our Lord, do not hold us accountable if we forget or fall into error throughout Baqarah verse 286, and ns ibni Malik, he reported the prophets I send them had said,

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My nesea Salatin, our Namah anha, for cafaro, to who for cafaro. To her and use Alia is

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the atonement for one who forgets a prayer or over sleeps it is to pray it whenever he remembers,

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the atonement for one who forgets a prayer or oversteps it is to pray it whenever he remembers. So

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this, this is one of the interpretations of this verse here, that when a law said,

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mentioned your Lord or remember your Lord, if you're forgiven, that this is related to what was said before, do not say I will do something tomorrow without saying follow our wills.

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But remember your Lord when you forget, in other words, whenever you forget to do that, then say, inshallah.

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And scholars actually went into some details to analyze the its implications.

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Because there is a statement, authentic statement from him not bias, that remember your Lord when you when you forget, he said, if a person said, he said, a person may say, if Allah wills, even if it is a year later,

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even if it is a year later, you remember a year later that you didn't say,

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Allah willing, and you say to you later, then it works, you can use it, you can do this, because Allah has not placed in this, when he said, was called Rebecca Donna seat. Remember your Lord, when you forget, he didn't put any timeframe on it.

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However, others you know, scholars have been

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explained that this statement of libnah Bass should not be taken,

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as it implies,

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as it obviously implies, because, if we do that, then virtually any arrangement or any agreement we make, we can excuse ourselves out of it by later on saying inshallah,

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but, you know, we don't function like that. So what is meant here, as he said, as he said, that what this really means is that from a perspective of the Sun now,

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if you have forgotten, it is pretty good for you to say in Sharia law, but the rules concerning breaking your oath still apply.

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If you've broken your oath, you still have to atone for breaking oath, even if you say inshallah, later on and the scholars

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try to specify, at what point does it become too late

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and

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shall have a mean, he supported the opinion that once a person if a person sits down and makes that statement and then gets up and leaves, then that is the point at which it's too late now to say, inshallah, to affect the breaking of an oath.

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Meaning

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that if you swore by a law, you're going to do something

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and you said inshallah, before getting up from that sitting then you didn't do it. You have not broken your oath. Because you added inshallah, but if you got up after getting up he went his way you and your way, and then you remember that said inshallah too late.

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If you break your oath, you have broken your oath and

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He based this the scholars who took that position base it on a Hadith of the prophets of Salaam, which was narrated by Hakeem urban exam, in which the browser Salah was quoted as saying, the buyer and the seller have a choice, as long as they don't separate, or until they separate.

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The buyer and the seller of a choice means you're selling something to somebody, you're buying something from somebody.

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The sale may be complete. But as long as you're still sitting there, you can change your mind, okay, now, I changed my mind, please give me my money back.

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But if you've gotten up and leave left, then the right to say give me my money back now is gone.

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The choice is gone, you may ask. And if the seller decides, Okay, no problem, take it back. He can do this. But your right is lost your right to demand I want I don't want it anymore. Give me my money back. It's lost once you get up and leave.

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There is another interpretation

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of this verse.

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That and remember your Lord when you forget is not related to what came before.

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Right?

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And do not say I will do something tomorrow without saying and if Allah wills and a new statement, Ally's saying now because actually this is a second verse is verse number 24.

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But you remember your Lord.

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But remember your Lord when you forget actually this is except without saying in Sharla is actually a part of the 24th verse two. But But remember, your Lord, when you forget, is a new statement, in which allies hear talking about things in general, that whenever one forgets to do something, then

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we remember a law.

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And this is a means of driving away, Satan.

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a means of driving away Satan because it is in forgetfulness that Satan is able to operate. As I said, in swirl cough, we'll be taking it later for 63

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when Moosa and his servant

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were going on the journey, and the servant left the fish by the rock. Later on, Musa asked him, where's the fish? Where's our food? He said, Do you remember when we took shelter at the rock? Most certainly, that is where I forgot the fish. It was only Satan who caused me to forget.

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And it took an amazing path into the sea.

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Right? So the servant there attributes it back to Satan. Now if this was something incorrect and incorrect attribution, forgetfulness being attributed to Satan,

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then Allah would correct it, or prognosis lm would correct it. So when we find something in the Quran, it means the law has affirmed it.

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If we find a practice related to those who are righteous, then it means the law has affirmed it.

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Similarly, in Surah, Al mozarella 58 chapter, verse 19.

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A law says there Satan has overtaken them, and he made them forget the remembrance of Allah.

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And also, in Surah, Al anon.

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And if Satan causes you to forget, then after remembering do not sit in the company of those people who are around doors, that's verse 68.

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So, forgetfulness is ultimately from Satan, Satan and getting to Adam did the same thing.

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chatted to them about the benefits of eating from the tree and cause them to forget a laws instruction.

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And they fell.

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So by remembering our last one to Allah, this is a way of warding off Satan, as Allah says in Surah zakharov verse 36, oma Yahshua and liquid ramen eukarya de la who Shavasana for who Allah who Corinne, I will appoint the devil for whoever turns away blindly from the remembrance of the most gracious and he will be his constant companion. So when one turns away from the remembrance of Allah, to Allah, then Allah fixes for him a devil, Corinne, who will be with him whispering and encouraging him to evil. And we have been so nice. I mean, Sharon was watching Hannah

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You know, seeking refuge in the local out of Europe did not seek a lot said say I seek refuge in the lord of humankind from the evil whisperer shaytaan know, who will desert you in your time of need

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while pretending to be your close ally.

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Following that,

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Allah said,

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Remember your Lord when you forget and say, it may be that my lord guides me to a nearer way of truth than this. Of course, when you say it may be it implies a certain amount of doubt, it may be and I bitcasa.

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However, scholars have explained that when this term is or maybe is used with from the perspective of human beings, this means, that

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they are hopeful that it be that way. But when a law uses that term I saw, it means definitely it will occur. And the proof of that can be found in Surah, Nisa, verse 98, and 99, where a law says there except the weak ones from among men, women and children, who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way. These are they whom Allah may forgive, and ally is ever asked forgiving. of pardoning says, a lot those who allow me forgive, but actually, this is a law will certainly forgive them, you know, there's no doubt in the manner matter.

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So this verse, basically, as we said, focuses on etiquette in terms of speaking towards in future, and it involves putting our trust in a law. And this is what we find really, in all of the other things that were instructed to do that we ultimately make an effort, but we put our trust in Allah by saying, inshallah, it means that no matter what

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level of certainty we may have about achieving something, we know, ultimately, it is in the hands of a lost man to Allah. And this is what slotless taharah is about, isn't it? Turning our fear

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to Allah over to a law. Unfortunately, many people mistakenly think that it's too hard because you're talking about the future. Again, it's the hardest for things for the future.

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Is this a good choice? on my part, or not? Actually, people do is to cut off even without making a choice.

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parents do a staccato for the children. People go to chefs and say, Sure, can you make a staccato for me? No, actually, this is not how it's the harder works at all. It's the harder is following the same principle here, turning one's affair over to a law, after we have made the effort is why the prophet SAW Selim said, If any of you decides on a matter, meaning you use whatever knowledge you have,

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whatever means you have to find out about this matter that you're going to you want to do. If you have come to a conclusion that this is the best way, then you make to Raka and you make your dua, will you admit before a lot that Allah knows the future knows what is unseen, and you have the power over all things. So if this thing is good for me, then make it easy for me, if it's good for me in my religion, my life, then make it easy for me

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and bless me in it. But if it is not good for me, then take it away from me and remove it from my heart and replace it with something better and make me pleased with that which you have chosen.

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That is the new RVs taharah.

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So this means if you think about the text of the DA, it is not possible for somebody else to do it for you. It is something you have to do yourself, whether molana or whether parents or whatever, no, you have to do it yourself.

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And you must do it. After you've made a choice that when you don't know is it this or that?

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You know, should I do this? Or should I do that? So as I'm making this taharah how are you going to fit that into the DA? It doesn't work? Because you're saying if this thing that you have chosen is good for me. You say if one of these things is good for me, no, you have changed. You have changed.

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So it should be after a decision has been

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Taken, that we make this takato and as I said, it's like everything else that we do, we always turn our affair over to a last man to Allah in the end, knowing that he is the one who will decide ultimately what is good for us and what is not.

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In verse 25, a lot goes on to say will not be through free coffee him thalassemia attend, see Nina was the duties are.

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So they stayed in the cave for 300 years, and nine more.

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Here a lot tells the messenger, the actual time that the youth spent in the cave, from the time that he caused them to fall asleep, to the time that He resurrected them, and they were discovered.

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And the difference in the times when he said 309 more, or they increased it by nine

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depending on how you translated that this in fact covers the solar and the lunar calendars. For the people of that area. among Christians or

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with Greek Roman tradition, they would have counted according to

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Gregorian calendar, the count according to the solar calendar, and 300 years of the solar calendar is equivalent to 309 years of the lunar calendar. Because every 100 years, the difference is three years. So over 300 years, it is nine years and this is the explanation which was given by leading scholars nikka fear

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to be

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show Kenny and others. However,

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according to shake, loose a mean,

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he explained it differently.

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He explained that the reason why a law didn't say,

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fella for me,

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what is her own? Cause our what is our city in our center? Why he didn't just say 309 years, instead he said 300 years and nine more

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is that

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actually it is a it is a point of

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the eloquence of the Quran

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for the sake of The Rime of the Quran. This is why Allah expressed it that way in, in, in,

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in whether he said

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309 years or 300 years, and nine more. In the end, they're the same.

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But he used the second form, because it rhymed, you know, the part of the rhyme and the rhythm of the verses of the Quran. So this is part of maintaining the eloquence of the Quran. And this is what his explanation was, you know, the previous verse ended up in Russia, and this one says, Tisa, Russia, that is ah, so there is that similarity for The Rime of the Quran and the wisdom of the Quran.

00:33:32--> 00:33:58

And he went on to say that those who say that, in fact, it's the low solar and lunar calendars that low Yes, factually speaking, there is this difference between the two? That this was not the correct explanation, he said, I cannot bear witness that the law intended that because there is only one means of accounting with a law

00:33:59--> 00:34:17

depending on the phases of the moon. So he goes back to verses of the Quran, where Allah says in Surah Al Baqarah, verse 189, yes, aluna can Hilda call hemmati to Lynette NASA will hedge. They asked you about the new moons.

00:34:18--> 00:34:30

say these are signs to mark fixed periods of time for humankind and for the pilgrimage. So he said that this the timing with allies according to the lunar calendar.

00:34:33--> 00:34:41

So he doesn't accept that Allah intended the solar and the lunar together. He rejects it.

00:34:43--> 00:34:44

It's an opinion.

00:34:48--> 00:34:50

Poll Allahu Allah mobymax Malibu.

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

This is verse 26. Regarding the second part of the verse say Allah knows best how long they stay

00:35:01--> 00:35:04

And wisdom is the knowledge of the secrets of the heavens and the earth.

00:35:05--> 00:35:32

Some commentators like Qatada, who was one of the students of bath, and matara fibbin, Abdullah, they point out that the period of 309 years was what the people of the time were saying this wasn't really a law saying, so they stayed in the cave for 300 years. And nine more, it was what the people were saying, because the law right after that says, say Allah knows best how long they stayed.

00:35:33--> 00:35:38

So it's implying that that number is not really the intended number.

00:35:41--> 00:36:10

But the majority of scholars, they hold no, that was actually a loss statement. And the expression Allah knows best. This had to do with the time that they spent, after they were discovered, the time of snipping This was 309 years. But how long after they were discovered, they lived, our point they died, etc.

00:36:11--> 00:36:15

Allah knows that ultimately, that knowledge is hidden.

00:36:22--> 00:36:27

And the last statement, and with him his knowledge of the secrets of the heavens and the earth,

00:36:29--> 00:36:30

low ribosomal it will.

00:36:34--> 00:36:40

This could mean the unseen of the heavens and the earth belong to Him alone.

00:36:41--> 00:36:45

Or that knowledge of the unseen of the heavens and the earth

00:36:46--> 00:36:47

are his

00:36:49--> 00:37:00

two concepts the unseen, which is within the heavens and the earth, this is what the law belongs to a law law, and he alone knows it. And the other is knowledge of it is what belongs to him.

00:37:01--> 00:37:11

Only Alliance knowledge of the unseen consequently, anyone who claims to have knowledge of the unseen, is automatically declared to be a disbeliever.

00:37:12--> 00:38:01

Once he claims, knowledge of the unseen, he's automatically a disbeliever. But when we use the term unseen, we're talking about in this context, unseen future events, because the unseen could refer to things of the past, as well as things that the present Raib what is absent from you, you may not know what is going on right now in the UAE, it's absent from you. But somebody around knows other people on earth would know. Or you may not know what took place, you know, 1000 years or 10,000 years ago. In otter, They're digging up bones or digging up some pottery and things like this, and they're surmising as to what existed here before. We may not know, but the people of that time

00:38:01--> 00:38:09

didn't know. So that's only unseen relative to us, but unseen of the future. This is absolute.

00:38:10--> 00:38:34

Nobody knows this, only Allah knows it. And this is what is affirmed in Surah Namo, the 27th chapter verse 65, cola Alamo Memphis summer what you will out of the labor in law. Well, Maya Sharona Yana yoga soon say none in the heavens and the earth know the unseen except a law nor can they perceive when they will be resurrected.

00:38:35--> 00:38:38

So, when a person says I know the future,

00:38:39--> 00:38:43

he is in fact denying this statement of a law

00:38:45--> 00:38:49

that a law alone knows the future. So,

00:38:51--> 00:39:04

you will find that this is a turning point for example, when an individual by the name of Rashad Khalifa in America who claimed to have put the Koran into computer

00:39:05--> 00:39:16

and he discovered from the analysis of the Quranic verses, the Arabic letters etc, in the computer, that there was a mathematical code

00:39:18--> 00:39:23

which was into was inter woven throughout the Quran, the code of 19

00:39:25--> 00:39:45

and he went to show how Bismillah R Rahman Rahim is made up of 19 letters. And Allah said elsewhere in the Quran Allah hi to Sasha overeater 19 and he went on to build the whole thing about you know, in Surah cough is mentioned a multiple of 19 times in Alif Lam Meem Of course, in Surah cough

00:39:46--> 00:39:50

if you go and count the number of coughs in Surah Al cough it is a multiple of 19

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

but he claimed also that Alif Lam Meem that the olives mentioned in Baqarah is

00:40:00--> 00:40:09

is a multiple of 19 the lamb and the means are also multiples of 19. Now, who is able to go back and count those?

00:40:10--> 00:40:15

Right so people just assume since he was right on cough that he was right on the rest

00:40:20--> 00:40:25

hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah all praise due to ally Miller's Peace and blessings when the last messenger of Allah.

00:40:27--> 00:40:38

So as I was saying, that when the individual made this claim, his name is Rashad Khalifa from Egypt is a PhD in

00:40:40--> 00:40:41

agriculture.

00:40:42--> 00:40:43

And,

00:40:45--> 00:40:49

of course, at that time, this is back in the 70s, late 70s.

00:40:50--> 00:40:53

People were very much

00:40:54--> 00:41:15

amazed by this calculations that he had made. And, of course, this was the computer age, the idea that the computer is affirmed the Quran, there was a miracle mathematical miracle in the grind, people just slapped it up. So he was traveling all around America, and even came into the Arab world and not giving lectures on this. So people were, you know, very much taken up by it.

00:41:16--> 00:41:24

However, when they had a conference, about 1979, or 1980, they had a conference in

00:41:25--> 00:41:26

Morocco,

00:41:28--> 00:41:40

where people presented different papers, he made a presentation there in which he claimed that through his multiples of 19, he was able to calculate the exact date of Yokoyama.

00:41:44--> 00:41:48

When he made that claim, then people fled from him.

00:41:49--> 00:42:11

Nobody wanted to have anything to do with him. And you know, people who have knowledge, they wash their hands of him immediately at that point, because no matter what his computer thing was saying, as attractive as it may have sounded, or whatever, that statement that he made was just it's finished. You know, that was that was your step out of Islam. Once you claim, you know, the date of yom Okayama, you stepped out of Islam.

00:42:12--> 00:42:57

Because even Prophet Muhammad wa salam didn't know the date. So now you're going to claim he knew the date. So, I mean, of course, subsequently, he went on to claim from his multiples, that the Sunnah is all forged, that we should only follow the Quran, you know, and you have people around today, Iranians, people who follow his line of thinking, they have a site on the internet, called a column submitters International. So you may not recognize them because they don't call themselves Russia dates, you know, whatever. But they're the submitters International, and they have this line of argument that they use. And he went on beyond that, actually, to claim that there were some false

00:42:57--> 00:43:01

verses in the Quran. You know, in the beginning, he was saying that his,

00:43:02--> 00:43:33

his miracle was proving that the Quran was, you know, perfect, and from Allah without change, then there ended up in the mid 80s, claiming that because, you know, people were exposing errors, I had done a booklet, you know, called the the Quran, numerical miracle hoax and heresy, where I had gotten some of my students together since high school students who were with me in Menagerie at school, and we did a research on it, they had computers, whatever, and they went, and they went and counted all the elements in it.

00:43:35--> 00:44:18

And they found that, in fact, he did make changes, he was manipulating numbers in order to make the multiples match. So we found him making all kinds of changes. And in fact, we even find the making changes in the text of the crime, because he had printed his own crime in which he identified his numbers and things. But he had made changes in the text where the Quran had said noon, right with the letter noon, he wrote it as noon Wow, noon, the name of the letter, because the number of Nunes was not a multiple of 19 it needed an extra noon. So I made it noon, well, no, it's I was doing all kinds of things. So, of course, when these when he was being exposed, then, you know, he had to

00:44:18--> 00:44:27

justify and to cover up then he started to claim that all there are some changes that happen to the Quran, and this, that and the other. And eventually, by 1989, he claimed Prophethood

00:44:28--> 00:44:36

Yeah, that that his miracle was the 19 and hamdulillah. By 1991. He was assassinated.

00:44:37--> 00:44:50

So his fitna was over, but his teachings as I said, still continue, you know, on the internet, but suffice to say that this is why Islam takes such a very strong position against fortune tellers.

00:44:52--> 00:44:55

Were the prophets I send them it said whoever visits a fortune teller

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

out of curiosity, his prayers or her prayers are not accepted.

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

Did for 40 days and nights.

00:45:03--> 00:45:15

Meaning if you open up the newspaper or the magazine, and go and look at your sign your horoscope, you know, the horoscope, that is the modern day fortune teller,

00:45:17--> 00:45:28

you know, the old days, the fortune teller is to stay in a cave, or, you know, later on, they had little shops, you know, with things painted on the windows and stuff. Now, they

00:45:29--> 00:45:47

put their predictions in the newspaper. Same thing, if you have somebody read your tea leaves, you know, some people like to do this, after you finish drinking tea, they say give me the cup, they turn the cup, you know, or the grains of your coffee in the bottom, they start to read things for you, or the lines on your palm, you know,

00:45:49--> 00:46:29

any of this all and all of it comes under the heading of fortune telling. So it's something maybe we look at it as something fun or whatever, you go to a Chinese restaurant and they give you those Chinese cookies, you pop it open, and it tells you something about your future, this is gonna happen for you. And that's gonna happen, you know, people enjoy it. And we might, without realizing it, indulge in these things. But in fact, islamically it is haram, it's forbidden, you know. And though one might say it is innocent, we don't really believe it. But the point is that, you know, when this becomes a way of life, where you're accepting on a small scale, that there is possible information

00:46:29--> 00:47:08

about the future, here, there eventually that accumulates inside yourself when you start to trust these people, you know, that destroys your faith altogether. That is why the prophet SAW Solomon said that whoever goes to a fortune teller and believes what the fortune teller has told, has this believed in what was revealed to Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam it is an act of disbelief. So one who, today opened up your newspaper I went to look at your horoscope. Know that you need to make repentance if you read it and believed it, you read it out of curiosity, know that your Salah for the next 40 days and nights are not accepted.

00:47:09--> 00:47:13

You have to still pray. Some people might say well, okay, what no point in praying now.

00:47:15--> 00:47:45

But no, you still have to pray. Because when a person prays, two things take place. One you remove from yourself the obligation of salah and to you earn reward depending on your level of concentration, commitment, etc. Your faith. So, those prayers though you don't get the reward for them, you have to remove that obligation. So you still have to pray for the next 40 days and nights and ask the Lord's forgiveness. Those of you that actually believed it.

00:47:46--> 00:48:25

You know, and we have now of Muslims choosing their marriage partners by finding out what sign Are you Pisces or cancer or what Okay, Pisces cancer don't get along. I don't think I can marry you, you know, probably saw Selim said marry the one who was pious, you're counting on what sign they come under, you know, that of course is totally unacceptable. islamically So we asked a lot to forgive those weaknesses amongst us where we have depended on other than Him, we have not turned our fear over to the last one to Allah. We asked him to give us the tofik the strength the man to keep ourselves committed to him trusting in Him in all of our fears. Okay, we'll stop here maybe take a

00:48:25--> 00:48:31

few questions on what we've taken so far and then we'll complete next Friday inshallah.

00:48:37--> 00:48:38

Through the signs

00:48:42--> 00:48:44

used to be able to calculate the

00:48:45--> 00:48:46

eclipses and solar eclipses

00:48:53--> 00:48:56

and he gave some numbers as to when

00:48:57--> 00:48:59

he's been going through the signs of

00:49:00--> 00:49:01

being given

00:49:03--> 00:49:05

the fact that he was going to be

00:49:08--> 00:49:09

in the hatch after that

00:49:10--> 00:49:13

so he dug into this research and found

00:49:20--> 00:49:22

Well, you know, people

00:49:23--> 00:49:37

are obsessed with the last day there is world coming to an end not just in our times and amongst Muslims, but this has been around for a long time

00:49:38--> 00:49:59

when 1400 year 1400 came up for us you know, there were all these kind of you know, rumors and things about the time for piano is coming and all this just as for the non believers went to Thea 2000 came right you know, this was the Millennium in the second millennium this people wonder what's gonna happen he's gonna shut down you know, this. So this is

00:50:00--> 00:50:42

Amongst Muslims as well as amongst non Muslims, and when a man asked the prophet SAW Selim matassa Rasul Allah, when is the hour? When is the final hour coming on messenger Allah He asked him, mother, that Allah, La, WA, what have you prepared for it? This is the big point, not for us to be digging in the books and trying to find out when is the final outcome? No. But to know, are we prepared? Have we prepared ourselves for the piano, that is the most important thing. When the prophet SAW Selim gave us the science, this is for us to know if the signs are coming, that we make sure that we are prepared when that time comes.

00:50:44--> 00:51:05

And much of what we hear about people saying that the major signs of kiama have already passed. And now you know that it's just you know, around the door, somewhere, the resurrection is going to take place and of the world is coming. Now, most of this is false, because the major signs have not shown up. Some of the minor signs have shown.

00:51:07--> 00:51:51

But most of them had said, when jabril had asked him about the signs of the last hour, as in First of all, they already said I don't don't know any more than you do. But some of his signs are and he mentioned, when the desert barefoot desert, Arabs compete in the building of tall buildings, that when we're living, you can say yes, that has already happened, you know, and so on. There are others that the process that I mentioned, but it's not, these are very minor signs, and and there are a few of them that have taken place. So there still remains many, though the prophet SAW Selim in his own time and said, you know, that between my time and kiama is like, what's between these two fingers?

00:51:51--> 00:52:01

Holding up is first and second finger? Doesn't look like very much. But it's all relative. And what is most important, as he said, What have we prepared for it?

00:52:02--> 00:52:12

Question from the sisters about books, which tell you the type of personality you have, depending on the month that you're born in, this is part of fortune telling.

00:52:13--> 00:52:18

Nobody can tell you, based on the month you're born in, what type of personality you have,

00:52:20--> 00:52:20

you know,

00:52:21--> 00:52:39

for every case, where it matches, there are 100 cases where it doesn't. And no, but what happens is that people tend to remember the cases that do the nature of people. But this is all false wood is not true knowledge.

00:52:40--> 00:52:44

Okay, just this will be the last couple of questions.

00:52:48--> 00:52:49

I think we're just gonna go on and

00:52:51--> 00:53:40

brothers question about the mention of what the right hands possess, in the mentioned in the Quran, this has been pointed to, and he was asking for an explanation, actually, that requires quite a long explanation. But it's enough to say that it is in reference to slave women, you know, who may be treated like wives who will have children, they have children, they take the name of their master, you know, in the Islamic system. And to understand it, as I said, requires a good bit of explanation. It is not as understood in concubinage of the West, from the woman's side, arranged marriages, if marriage meetings have been arranged, and the people get a chance to meet each other

00:53:40--> 00:54:16

and talk whatever, and the woman doesn't like the person, can she back out of it at that point? Yes. You know, right up until the actual time of the marriage, she can back out even the last minute even though people say oh, you know, it's like, considered to be something really bad. Somebody has agreed, you know, and then later on, they change their mind. But no, we are allowed to change our minds. You know, it's not a requirement once a commitment has been given. Now, because I know families make a big issue about it, because it's your honor of your family and these kind of things, but it is a lifetime of for people. And if they find themselves that this is not suitable later on.

00:54:16--> 00:54:44

And even though agreement has been made prior to the actual marriage, and they have the right to leave it. The last point was with regards to this data, whether in fact you do make a decision before your istikhara prayer. Yes, you make a decision, but you want to turn it over to a law as to which way to go with that decision. That's what this taharah prayer is for. So by Nicola who will become the Canon shadowline antenas doc Federico and Timberlake