Lessons In Fiqh 09
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
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smilla rahmanir rahim hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah. While he was happy to be here, stand up comedy. Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. And welcome to lessons in fifth. If we
try to recap what happened last time we met, we talked about a Hadith, and it would be more suitable for us to read and recite this hadith once again, just to remind ourselves of the topic, Brother Mohammed
narrated Abu hurayrah the Allahu anhu, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Who ever watched a dead person should take about the after, and whoever carries it should perform perform ablution we mentioned if you recall that
Islam is a religion of nature of fitrah. And it's a simple religion, we don't have any complications.
As long as the people need something, Allah azza wa jal makes it easy for them. As long as humans need something, God Almighty makes it easy for them to get an achieve. And we give an example of oxygen or air and water. We humans need air and water to live. But our need to air is more than our need to water. That is why air is found everywhere. You don't have to pay anything to do that, all you have to do is inhale and breathe. Clean water, on the other hand, is essential for our lives. But it is not as easy as air to find.
Likewise, in our lives, there are things that we need. And there are no complications, such as marriage, we all need to get married at one point or the other. And marriage is a very simple process in Islam.
The gentlemen wishing to marry, a lady goes to her parent goes to her father
proposes the father says, I give you my daughter in marriage, the name adult dowry Maha, the man says I accept. And this is in the presence of two witnesses or more, of course, after the acceptance of the bride to be because without her acceptance, the marriage is not accepted. And that is it. She says wife, we don't have to authenticate it in court. Though it's preferable nowadays, we don't have to have a ceremony. We don't have to have this or that it's very simple. She becomes his wife within five seconds, five minutes maximum.
Likewise, death. It's a catastrophe when a relative or a loved one dies. But this is life. This is human nature. We are born to die. And then we would live for eternity. We hope we aim and our target is to live in it to eternity in paradise. So this is what we're doing. And we're trying to achieve in sha Allah, Allah with grace will reward us this. So after we live, we are going to die. What happens when a person dies? islamically It's very simple. We come to the corpse. We wash it, clean it, perfume it, wrap it in free garments, white garments, take it take the corpse to a mosque we perform
the funeral prayer without any bowing or prostrations and then we take the dead person and put him in his grave and bury him. No coffins, no receptions, no expensive ceremonies, or vans or caravans or
musical instruments or bands and so on. No, it's very easy and simple. We can
If, and we are allowed to grieve for three days, except for the wife, she is obliged to grieve for four months and 10 days. And that is it. So, this rituals, these rituals, connected with a person dying at the very beginning of Islam, as a hadith says, Abu hurayrah tells us that the Prophet said, Whoever washes a dead person should take a bath, a total obligatory bath.
And whoever carries a dead person, on his shoulder, on the funeral, to the burial place to the cemetery, he should perform evolution, this was at the very beginning of Islam. And this was the verdict.
But this was abrogated. And it was lifted at hamdulillah. There are many things that were essential in Islam, for example, the prophet SAW, Selim used to stand up whenever a funeral passed by
honoring the dead and honoring death by itself. It because we shouldn't, you know, past these sceneries and as if nothing happened, because then we are we would be drifting from reality, and we will be drifting from the day that we will ourselves die. And this is quite evident. When we watch news.
Every single day, you turn on your news channels, and you find problems, chaos, catastrophes, deaths in the hundreds or 1000s. Worldwide, either because of wars, or because of discrimination, because of oppression of the Jews, to the Muslims in Palestine, or in Iraq, or in Afghanistan, or everywhere, you would find bloodshed. Now, what would happen?
We're supposed to
interact with support, we're supposed to feel sorry for what's happening to our brothers, we're supposed to feel sorry for the bloodshed and for the lives lost. But because we see these sceneries every single day and night, it became it becomes natural and normal. So we would find kids being slaughtered. And we'd say, children to the tune channel, change the channel, let's find out or see something that's more cheerful. And we don't feel that there is a bond between us and our brothers, Muslims worldwide. And this is one of the biggest mistakes and sins that a Muslim could feel. The minute that you don't feel close to your brothers, regardless, regardless of their color, race or
the minute you feel detached and away from them, then your Islam has to be reviewed, because it's a serious offense. So coming back to our Hadith, at the very beginning, it was obligatory that any person washing a dead man must perform total
bath must have a total bath. And any person carrying a funeral carry that person must perform a solution. This was obligated. What hamdu Lillah. Any questions though, shall we move to the following question?
Okay, the following the following headings, please.
Narrated Abdullah Abu. May Allah be pleased with him. The book written by Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for Ahmed has also contained none except a pure person should touch the Quran. Okay, none except a pure person. What do you mean by pure person?
Well, there are two types of pureness. Very good.
Spiritual pureness, or Yes, okay. And physical pureness, okay. And also the physical pure list is, is of two types of two types. Major and Minor. Excellent. Excellent, very good. Mustapha. Now, the Hadith we have in our hands. It says it's a famous Hadith from Eben exam.
And this hadith states that the prophet SAW Selim wrote a letter. And in this letter to Yemen, he made few are a number of instructions among them was that none except a bar here.
Pure person, which means translates to bar here. None except attire should touch the court.
And, and scholars said that,
to be able to touch the Quran, the holy book, you have to be in the state of Whoo, you have to perform evolution, but otherwise you may not touch it. And then again scholars have their different interpretation to this Hadith, due to the fact that barrhead has many meanings. For example, the, in the Holy Quran, Allah says Verily, the mushy Kuhn are not just in them and mushy corner, net, yes. So, Allah says that the non Muslims because of not believing in the oneness of Allah, because they associate others with Allah, they are considered to be Ninjas in pure they are not pure. So, we cannot say that they are. They are nudges. nudges is the opposite of bias. So this is not physical,
this is mental, it is a mental state, that a person is not pure. Because if I shake hands with a non Muslim mistake, wash my hands. Of course not. I could be married to a non Muslim lady, and I don't have to do anything of that sort. So it's not physical, it is something that is mental or it's something that is inside because they are disbelieve in Allah makes them impure.
Yes, Friday, America non Muslim images. In the sense, yes, I have explained this. She is nudges in the sense that she is impure because of a nun being non Muslim. But her body is like any other body of women. So I don't have to wash after shaking hands or kissing, or whatever. But in the sense of their natural comes from or their impurity comes from their belief, because they're not Muslims, they associate other knowledge origin, they are not considered to be
pi. So this is one part. The other part is the physical one.
And the physical one also is divided in to see the definition of bahara in Arabic is removing the filth, the impurity and lifting the state of impurity.
And I don't think we've mentioned this before, but it's good that we try to review it every now and then bahara. To be able to qualify for the word taharah you have to have two things present one, the moving of filth,
removing filth from the place you pray in and the place and your clothings and also your body. So, if you have any digestive any impurity during whatever on the place you pray and pray on or in your clothing or your body, then you are not considered to be fire, you cannot pray. So this is physical and lifting, the hidef lifting the impurity which is done through
evolution, also again is divided into two sections, major impurity and minor impurity. As we've said earlier, major impurity is through sexual impurity, and minor impurity through nullification of Budo and this is our topic for today's program, we have to stop for a short break and inshallah We will be right back.
you're still in Mecca or close by to Mecca, then you have to know that you are still in the state of it. As long as it is not for sale, then he does not have two basic conflict forbade praying which are similar to every prayer. So whoever prays whichever three records and sitting after the second record as if he's praying mother a prayer, this is for Britain, this is Hara
to euthanasia is permissible with animals but not with human beings. If an animal is suffering, killing an animal for a legitimate reason is permissible. Both are acceptable, but the majority say that after the record is the place of Punahou. But both was reported.
Have a question or concern on your mind. Who did he be decided based on popular demand? You will
bringing you an additional episode of Ask coder with Chief azim Luqman. And Hakeem live from Jeddah Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Welcome back to lessons in film. Before the break, we talked about the meaning of power here, where the Prophet says la Salatu was salam, none except a TA here should touch the Quran, none except a pure person. And we said that this has many different meanings and that is why companions of the Prophet is of Salaam, what actually let me rephrase that. That is why scholars have different opinion in regard to touching the Quran. Some of them say you may touch the Quran, no matter what state you are your urine as long as you know you're a Muslim. So if you are in the state of sexual impurity, if you are in the state of impurity, the minor impurity, if you are on a balloon,
performed evolution. It's okay you may touch the Quran anytime. And this is the choice of aluminum even has some of it, and also the choice of shekel Albury, may Allah have mercy on his soul. And if you look into the sequence of evidence and the justifications they gave, you'd find that this very sound because touching the Quran is a very important thing. To prevent people from doing it, you have to have a sound evidence. Because a lot of people would say,
Hello chef, can I touch the Quran, I'm not in the state of evolution, I'm not in the state of my purity.
And if we say that you have to perform mobile, this means that 90% of the people would say, Well, okay, I'll read it some other time. So, you are asking people not to read the Quran, because of this Hadeeth that may imply it may not imply that you have to perform modal. Now, regardless of or what was mentioned before, that we all agree that it is highly recommended that you perform
before touching the Quran, but to impose it on people and to make it a must on people, you have to have a stronger evidence. And again, the saying this, we do not discredit the scholars that say you have to perform Moodle before touching the Quran. We cannot because the four schools of thought all agree that you must perform Moodle before touching the Quran. But again, to build an allegation, you have to have sound and strong evidence. Without that you cannot enforce it. You cannot tell an ask people not to read the Quran unless they have
Voodoo on now.
There is a difference between touching the Quran and reciting the Quran. And before mentioned the difference, I think Fadi has a question. I was just wondering what the Albanian mmm hasn't?
Like how did they explain the the verse in the Quran where the states that it is not touched except by the pure? What did they say? Did they mean the angels or this verse that you mentioned. It's in sort of a walk there at the very end Allah azzawajal talks about tells us about the Quran. And he tells us that it's in a sacred and preserved book
and lo and forth. And this book is not touched except by those who are purified and those are the angels. It doesn't talk about the Quran. So the those who commented on
the Quran such as McAfee, or to be the old say that it is not regarding the Quran, the Holy Quran, it's regarding the low homophone, the sacred and preserved tablets that
in the heavens, what Allah has decreed everything and wrote everything in that preserved tablets and sacred tablets. So it's a different thing. Now, to come and say that we mean this, or that you have to have a stronger
evidence, the prophet alayhi salatu salam
did not even recommend
answering those who say peace upon you.
Unless he was in the state of evolution. So it's it's different than saying it's a must. It is
Highly recommended that you perform
before you touch the Quran. But it is not a must. And that is why
Allah azza wa jal unless Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us not to take the Holy Quran, to the country of those who do not worship Allah. Why? So that they would not abuse it, and mistreated as the case we hear in the news, being
the Quran being abused in prison camps, such as in Guantanamo in Palestine occupied territory, and so on. This happens, so whenever you're traveling, if you fear that the copy of the Holy Quran you're taking with you will be abused, or someone will mistreat it, then you may not you must not take it with you. But as in the case of hamdulillah. Nowadays, we travel worldwide and nobody abuses it at Hamdulillah, then it's okay to take it with you whether you go to China, or you go to Europe, nobody
abuses the Quran, it's safe for you to take but if you're going to areas that you are afraid that there will be people abusing it, then you may not take the Holy Quran with you. Before the break, we said that there is a difference between two things do you remember nor nor do you remember what was we we said before the break?
difference between I don't remember now should charge you guys. There's a difference between
touching the Quran and reciting the Quran.
Touching the Quran, the four schools of thought say you have to perform evolution reciting the Quran without touching it. It's a matter of dispute. Among them. The authentic verdict is that you do not have to be in the state of mobile, you don't have to perform ablution in order for you to recite
The following Hadith gives us a glimpse of why
Hadith says 73 the narrative is already a loved one ha last messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to mention our last name praise him at all times. Now, this hadith tells us that the Prophet of Allah used to mention our last name at all times and conditions. See times here does not mean time, but on any state he's in. And this is why the translation is a little bit tricky. Either Jimmy aiyana which means that on any state he is in, whether he is a performer he has performed evolution or not, whether he is pure or not.
And this tells us that it is okay for you to recite the Quran on sh urine. Some scholars say well, okay, if you are in the state of sexual impurity, you may not recite the Quran. Why is that? They say because there is another Hadith by Ali Ali. radi Allahu wa he said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to teach us used to
mention the name of Allah azza wa jal, and nothing would prevent him from reading the Quran. Except sexual impurity. This is the only thing that would prevent him from reciting from reading the Quran. So scholars say okay, then this is a different issue. A person if he is in the sexual impurity, he should not recite the Quran. But the question that
may arise in some of our heads. What about if I am at the state of sexual impurity? And before I go to bed, don't I usually recite the Quran? Do I usually recite the Quran?
such as Mustafa
ayatul kursi, the verse of the throne.
greatest verse in the Holy Quran is Al Kersey. And what is the greatest source of our Quran?
What is the greatest source of a Quran? Yeah, see, ya see Friday.
Close at a class and oh hour
and further alpha
the greatest surah in the Quran. Al Fatiha seven masani
Honestly, this is the greatest by far, and it's a cure for all diseases. If you believe in it, it's secured from
snake horns, scorpion stings, whatever. It's true from everything, but you have to believe in it, you have to read it and recite it with belief. So, before you sleep you go to before you go to bed, there are supplications you do and there are verses of the Quran that you did, such as either courtesy such as shoretel. Last
follow up, and NASS the last three chapters of the Quran, Allah Allahu Allah. The prophet SAW, Selim used to ask us to instruct us to do this, and he used to do it himself. And, to our surprise, the Prophet used to recite before he sleeps. So what Tabarak
eliphalet Mr. De Surah Surah Surah Kazuma. And all of these sources may take you like 40 minutes to recite 30 to 40 minutes to recite, and this is before you go to bed. Now, how do Muslims or what do Muslims do before they go to bed?
They put slow music soft music. And why is that? It relaxes us, relaxes you. This is that in according to Islam, said Well, we know it's a tense life, we have to put some symphonies, you know, fifth Beethoven or some sometimes Mozart or Ceylon Dionne with makes me feel okay, before I go to bed, and this is completely out of the question. You should recite the Quran. It makes you feel good. So one says, Okay, I'm in the state of sexual impurity I just had intercourse with with my wife. And I did I don't want to perform also, I don't want to take a total bath. Now I want to do it before fudger prayer. So what should I do? We tell him go ahead and recite because these verses and
these short tours are It's okay, the prophet SS and I used to do it. And so many times he did not perform total bath so it's okay for us to do and you're not reciting the Quran, you're just doing it as a form of supplication before going to bed. So, in short, it's okay for a person in with in the case of sexual impurity to
mention our last name
without having to to bath is also correct and acceptable for a woman and her administration.
A woman on her in her monthly period to recite the Quran, and get closer to Allah azza wa jal by reciting it by heart, there is nothing wrong with it. And even by touching it, scholars say some of them say it's okay to do it. But preferably, if you use a commentary, it's better. If you read the Quran, if the lady or the sister reads the Quran, or when she's having her monthly period from a commentary, it's better because then it's not considered to be or and it's mixed between commentary and the Holy Quran. I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program. So until we meet next time, to LA or Santa Monica