Enjoy Your Prayer #14 An Unforgettable Journey

Ali Hammuda


Channel: Ali Hammuda


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Al-Fatiha (Part 1)

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Last week if you remember we gave a series of introductions to the opening to heart to saying how do we learn human Shavonda regime and then to Surah 230 which we agreed is the greatest surah in the book of Allah subhanaw taala.

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Now seeing that you will recite in fact the high in every raka of your Salah, from the field and from the Sunnah, whether it's PR whether it's your, your specific PR of tarawih your st Hara, your whoodle sunnah, whatever Salah you do, your Salah will almost always feature Surah Fatiha if you are praying by yourself or if you are leading a congregation.

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So it's key it makes sense to understand this sort of idea, and the series wouldn't be anywhere near wholesome or complete. If we didn't start a light journey through the verses of Surah Fatiha to understand what we are reciting around 27 or so times a day.

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Who is behind me and who is Maliki OBD? Why isn't arranged in that way? Who is Rob? Rob Bull? I mean, what is Al Amin? Who are el Mercado de la him and a bioline what is syrup Allah he was stuck in what are these things? How can you enjoy your Salah

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to the full potential. If you don't understand something you are reciting so many times.

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So we're going to dedicate the rest of this session in sha Allah to Allah and maybe most if not all of next week, inshallah speaking just about salty, fatty how to understand it.

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And I've heard this from numerous students of knowledge and machinery, especially those who are interested in the field of Tafseer.

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They will almost always say, of all the sorrows of the Quran that we have studied and taught, none was more enjoyable. None was more accomplishing and fulfilling. Then understanding and teaching the Tafseer of Surah Fatiha. I remember around maybe 15 years ago, teaching that f0 sort of referred to how we did this in about maybe eight or 10 weeks. This was in Bristol in Quran Academy. This is not the intention here, we want to just to cover the verses in a lightweight to understand and to unlock some of the gems of the surah. And just as importantly to access her sure which we said one of the levels of it is understanding is understanding.

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So you begin your Surah to refer to her by saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim which you translate as in the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful.

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You say Bismillah

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which means in the name of Allah.

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In the Arabic Bismillah he means there will be similar eyes start with the name of Allah. That's what this means. That literally means I begin with the name of Allah begin what

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begin every one of your doings, Major, important or mundane? You begin them all with the name of Allah you say Bismillah.

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So you begin your RE citation of a Quran Bismillah in the name of Allah. And you begin your consumption of food by saying Bismillah in the name of Allah. And before drinking you do that this mean that in the Name of Allah, when embarking on travel, you do that Bismillah in the Name of Allah, when closing your door at night, when covering your vessels or food

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when mounting your vehicle,

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when beginning your will do

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even when it comes to starting or enjoying marital relations with your spouse in the pure and halal This is Bismillah with an in the name of Allah subhanho wa taala.

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So in the context of Surah Surah Fatiha when you say Bismillah R Rahman Rahim it means I begin begin what I begin the resuscitation of the Quran with the name of Allah subhanaw taala

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al Bukhari and writes on the authority of jabber

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that the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam He said, As I look back with charisma Allah, close your door, ie before you go to sleep, close your door. And remember the Name of Allah

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will absolute Miss spa Huck with charisma Allah and turn off your lamp and remember the name of Allah.

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Well, kisi o'clock. With charisma Allah, untie your water skin. And remember the Name of Allah will commit INEC with chorus Mala and cover your vessel and remember the name of Allah.

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So when closing your door

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CBC Mila and we're turning off your light now using your switch because you're not using a lamp anymore a lanten say Bismillah and when you tie your water skins now of course we don't use bags or to have another to drink water we use cups after you finished drinking, or you are covering the lid of something you're drinking from, say Bismillah and he said cover your vessels and remember the name of Allah if you have food that is uncovered, cover it, even if it is with a stick as the Hadith says,

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because there is a day in the year when an after a disease comes down from the heavens, and it affects every bit of food that remains overnight uncovered. So he said cover your food and say Bismillah in the name of Allah subhana wa Tada Bismillah

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and this is an old statement, an ancient statement, it's as old as the hills prophet nor anything. Salatu was Salam, the first rasuna messenger sent to humanity, not the first prophet.

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He said to his people, what color caribou Bismillah Himadri ha Musa, he said to his people, mount the ark, in the name of Allah is it sailing and in the name of Allah Bismillah is its Anchorage. Come on to the mount come on to the ark. He said mount it Bismillah in the Name of Allah, and it's anchorage will be in the name of Allah Allah Allah Judah Hello Bismillah I start with the name of Allah. In the context of Al Fatiha it means I begin my re citation of the Quran, with the name of Allah, Allah.

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And notice how your RE citation is introduced with the name Allah. Not Bismillah Rahman, or Bismillah Aziz subhanho wa Taala or Bismillah Jabbar, or Bismillah Karim, in the name of Al Jabbar in the name of Al Aziz, in the name of Rama, no, you say in the name of Allah.

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And the name of Allah undoubtedly is the greatest sound and the greatest name and the greatest meaning that has ever resonated within the ear of man. Allah subhana wa Tada

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Allah Almighty, He said hello to Allah, Allah Who Samia. Do you know of anyone who has taken this name other than Allah, one of the two translations of the iron? Men who have claimed divinity Many have claimed godhood throughout the years, and they have given themselves all sorts of names. Shaheen Shah, many cool black king king of kings. Has any one of them ever dare to give himself the name? Hola. Hola. Hola, Lu, Al Mahmoud, the one who was singled out in adoration and worship. Has anyone come close to that name? And the answer is no, Allah said Huldah la Mola who sent me Do you know anyone who has taken this name? One of the two understandings of the

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subhanho wa taala. Mighty Name

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that has appeared in the Quran around 2700 times.

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And many scholars, perhaps the majority have argued that this is the name is mulai album The greatest of all names of Allah with which if he is called upon and a request is made using this name, he will most certainly answer you know that Allah has a name from his many that he has kept secret to himself, ie identifying which one it is for sure, it's if he will high up in the knowledge of the Unseen people can make an effort.

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Which of these names is the Greatest Name of Allah subhanaw taala. Two scholars have a difference of opinion. The majority perhaps a gem holder have argued that this mighty name is Allah by which if he is called upon, he will most certainly answer Allah Allah subhanahu wa Tada

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and that is why you might even call him he said about his name failure you will the Corolla allele in India Kasara.

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It is a name with by which if it is mentioned on something little it will cause it to increase.

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While I used the Corolla hearing in the bar, coffee here and MA and whenever his name is mentioned upon goodness Baraka will be placed upon it, and it will be fostered and grown.

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While our youth Corolla 13 Illa Allah ha ha and whenever this name is mentioned upon an illness, the illness will have to depart. When are you the Kuru? Allah shaytaan Illa or the hoo ha see hacia and Mahara and whenever this name is mentioned upon a shape on the devil, he will have to escape in a state of humiliation and disgrace is the name Allah the baraka Zamora because him generally when the Quran Allah Subhana Allah

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so you say Bismillah in Abu Dhabi, I begin with the name of Allah and we're not going to elaborate too much upon this Majestic Name Allah. We have mentioned in other classes before

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There are several meanings, which the name Allah subhanaw taala can take, how do you translate it and the scholars have said it can take at least four meanings. A His Name Allah could be from earlier

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making him and glue them aboard the worshipped one Allah meaning the worshipped one.

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Number two Allah subhanaw taala, meaning the eternal refuge, the escape of all of humanity. So when you say La Ilaha illa Allah, there is no ILA, but Allah you are saying there is no escape for people for creation except to Allah subhanho wa taala. That's the second meaning the eternal refuge, the escape of humanity, Allah, a third meaning is

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the element of bedazzled meant at the hijo.

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The name Allah is in reference to be dazzling, ie he be dazzled, so those who think about him or he is the one who causes those to be, he is the one who be dazzled in misery, those who choose to live to live their lives away from him.

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Or number four, Allah, he is a levy that no hood collude, the one whom hearts adore, this is Allah and these are for of other meanings that we can say is captured by this majestic and perfect name.

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So you say Bismillah, in the name of Allah, and then you say r Rahmani r Rahim, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. We're going to skip this for a moment because it's going to appear in an area in order to refer to her anyway. Or rahmanir rahim. So let's leave that there for a moment.

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You say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And then you say Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen

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Al Hamdulillah. All praise is to Allah. Allah, Allah Allah mean, the Lord of all of creation. You say Allah handle

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with the prefix of L,

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meaning the praise, you don't say 100 Lilla in the indefinite forum, you say Al hamdu li praise

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belongs to Allah subhanho wa taala.

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And this URL, this prefix of LF lamb or you translated as Vi the purpose of it in the Arabic language is linguistic rock, or listed Marathi Jin Z Mohabbat is to serve the purpose of encompassing all forms of praise.

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It's there to serve the purpose of encompassing all forms of praise Al hamdu, Li complete praise the perfect praise the whole praise, Lila belongs to Allah subhanho wa taala. So Hunde can be offered to people. As was mentioned by a lot of scholars hand praise can be praised or can be given to people because of their good qualities that they have as long as you on condition that you acknowledge their good qualities is from Allah subhanho wa Taala you're not praising them because of something inherent in them. You acknowledge it is from Allah so hunt can be for a suntan hand can be for your teacher hand can be for a parent. Here what you are saying is a handle and handle. The perfect

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praise is the ultimate praise. The whole Praise belongs to Lila here Subhanallah there is a beautiful either benefit which was mentioned by Alcor Toby Rama Homeline us tafsir

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This benefit is the Under idea that the very first to praise himself was Allah.

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The very first to praise Allah subhanho wa Taala was none other than Allah subhanho wa Taala even before creation existed, even before nothing and no one was around but Allah He was still the praised one

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and that's why I'll call it to be he says Listen to these words. He said Lama Alim Allah who

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I deserve loyalty he unhandy he ethna Allah an FC he been FC heliad FC heyfield as well as na Allah and FC here in FC he been FC he feel as he said, When Allah Almighty knew the inability of man to praise him as he deserves to be praised, he praised himself for himself by himself in eternity. Did you get those words hon Allah. He said When Allah Almighty knew the inability of man to praise him as he deserves to be praised, he praised himself for himself by himself feel as an eternity Alhamdulillah

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and that is why Allah says for example, well who will know the unis DJEGAL Haytham embody Makana to Wang Shu Raha

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While you will Hamid he is the one who causes rain to come down to the earth after people have despaired and he spreads out his mercy and He is the protector and wali and he is Hamid worthy of praise Allah is deserving of praise Alhamdulillah anything you may wish to offer to people with respect to gratitude or praise, realize that they are mere instruments used by Allah Almighty to confer a favor to you.

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Therefore, the source of all favor and care and goodness and Baraka blessing is Elijah and Elijah, who's the ultimate benefactor. All comes from him. That's why you say Allah handle all praise. Lila goes back to Allah subhanho wa Tada Alhamdulillah he is worthy of praise and he is deserving he is Hamid deserving of praise.

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And that's why I love a narration that was mentioned by him not a bad ignore email that handily in his book Shahdara to the hub,

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speaking about how Runa Rashid one of the kunafa, the caliphs of the basset era, and he had an advisor, a scholar by the name of Ignacio Mac, he was a wise, somebody who would remind people about Allah subhanaw taala and the caliphs of the Muslims, the leaders, the rulers, the saltpans. They like to keep the likes of Ignace America and others next to them to ensure that they're always grounded and reminded of their religion.

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So even though some murky wants enters upon the Caliph, Harun Rashid, and he was about to drink some to drink some water.

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He said to him, you will not be the leader of the believers just a moment pause for a second, can I just ask you a question? He said, as he said, If this cup of water was prevented from you,

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if you were deprived from the sip of water that you need at this moment in time, how much would you spend to access this cup of water? He said, Be Maliki with all of my kingdom. You can function without water. He said my entire kingdom.

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He said to him, so if you were to drink this cup of water, I think you struggled to release it.

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It became blocked into your body.

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How much would you spend it to release it?

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He said Be Maliki all my kingdom.

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serving us America. He said in American law, you sir, we shout about

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the God Iran Allah universally. He said a kingdom that is not even worth a sip of water should not be competed over Subhanallah a kingdom

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that is not even worth this

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should not be something that people fight over the lesson, Allahu Akbar. So how grateful should we be to Allah agenda that he is Al Hamid, you say Alhamdulillah all praises to Allah?

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Who is this? Allah subhanho wa taala. The area continues by saying he is a rabid Allah I mean, Alhamdulillah all praises to Allah. Who is he? Subhan Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah mean, the Lord of Allah mean.

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And the Arabic word here for Lord is Rob, you say, Rob in your Sana, what is the rub actually mean that we've translated as Lord?

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The Arabs, linguists, they say Rabu cliche in Hebrew who were Maliko

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the ROB of something is the owner of that thing, and is an its possessor, the ROB of something,

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he is the owner of that thing. And its possessor. So linguistically speaking, I am the rub of my Samsung as 22. Why, because I own it, I possess it. I have full control over it. So I am by definition, the rub of my phone, just as you are.

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That's a linguistic meaning,

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the owner of something, the possessor of something, this is one of its meanings.

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And that's why

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when the Prophet of Allah Yusuf Alayhi Salatu was Salam was in prison,

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and one of his prison meats was released. What did you say to him?

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He said to him, make mention of me. To your Rob, who remembers the idea?

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Or the Cormier

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rhombic? make mention of me to your rub. Does it mean make mention of me to Allah remind Allah subhanaw taala of me lingering in prison stuff would Allah know?

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Or the academy and Arabic make mention of me to Europe, meaning your master, your owner,

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remind him that I'm still lingering in prison.

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That is the meaning of rob the owner of something the possessor of something one who has control over something.

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And similarly, Abdul Malik

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The grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sent them in the year where Ebola came from Yemen with the intention of doing what? Destroying the Kaaba. You know the famous incidents yamu few Jaime fee in the year of the elephant a year ago she Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam was born, an event that heralded his birth of Raha came with the intention of destroying the caliber and as he was making his way into Mecca, he found some camels, they belong to Hampton Muttalib and he stole them. So after McCollum, he went to Agra to speak with him. And Abdul Muttalib was sad. The leader admits the Arabs. So Abraham was impressed by his appearance and he said, Bring him in.

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What can I do for you, Abdulmutallab? He said, I want you to give me my camels back. He said to him, I was so impressed when I first saw you, and we meet and you know, I'm about to destroy your Kaaba and you're asking me about your your lame camels. What did Abdulmutallab say his famous words who remembers ah who remembers

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the I hear it

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I will btw

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vulnerable look after it exactly. He said, Anna, Rubble evil I am the rub of the camels. Will he Beatty or a boon yami that's what the cada it has a ROM who shall protect it.

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He said I am the robber of my camels, meaning I am the owner of my candles.

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I am the possessor of my candles. And that's where the camera that you're speaking about that has that has a lot that has an owner Allah Who shall protect it, did Allah protect it?

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And I'm done. Okay, so for Allah will carry us 100 feet, What did Allah do to the people of the elephant?

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So you say Alhamdulillah he, Rob, Allah, Allah mean the Lord, meaning the owner, the possessor, the controller of the world's Rob has a definition

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which is mentioned by Luc nyct. He said Rob There's many definitions you can give this is one of my preferred ones. He says Rob who will highly coveted and Rob is the one who created in the beginning

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well more or be the the and and who nourishes throughout. Well the half you don't see her and and the one who forgives in the end

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is Rob he is a higher quality than the one who created in the beginning that's a rub.

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One more be Riga and he is the Nourisher

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throughout your life, well Allah if you're on T ha and he was the one who forgives in the end.

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So you say Alhamdulillah here, Rob, Rob of what owner possessor maintain that nurture and foster of what Allah al Amin? How do we translate the word Allah mean?

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Crew translation given

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the worlds of the words, and I mean,

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is an interesting word.

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It's one of the unique ones in the Arabic language.

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cortada Abel audiometers said we'll see. Qatada. He said that Allah Allah

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is poolroom su Allah. It is everything with the exception to Allah.

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Allah Allah is in reference to everything other than Allah subhanaw taala and Allah is the ramp of that.

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And the evidence for this definition is mentioned in Surah. Two Assura chapter of the poet's were Prophet Musa alayhi salatu salam is debating with the pharaoh of Egypt. Kyla Farah how no one Arambula al Amin, what is the Lord of the Worlds? What is the Lord of Allah mean? And Musa, he says, called Abu Salah if you will, or the other, you know humor in quantum marketing He is the Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything between them if you have certainty.

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So there you have the Tafseer given by Prophet Musa alayhis salam to a setup where the Pharaoh he says to him, who is the Lord of the island mean? He said to me is a load of everything. So Qatada, he said, Allah Allah moon, it's in reference, our island is in reference to everything with the exception to Allah subhanaw taala by the way, just from a linguistic perspective, Isla moon

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and he's only allowed I mean because of its positioning in the area, but Allah Allah moon, right is a plural is a Gemini. Gemini what?

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an island is also a plural.

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So an island EAN or Ilana moon in its original form is a plural a plural of what? Island which is also plural. And the reason and this is one of the few instances in the Arabic language where a word

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does not have a singular form. So when the Arabs they

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Say for example, NM,

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or the word

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Ra, or the word Jaysh. Army. These are plurals and they don't have singular in Arabic language.

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So ILM can be in reference to several things,

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linguistically speaking, it can be in reference to different generations. So this generation of ours here in the 21st century, this is an heirloom.

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And then the different categories of communities within this generation, they are their individual items as well. So, the human beings as a genre as a species, they are Ireland, Ireland will enjoy the island of human beings, that's Ireland.

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And then the world of Jean Jean kind, that is our language in the island of Jean

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and so on and so forth.

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So, each bundle of communities within any one generation that is called Ireland, Ireland, and then within that one generation, the different categories of communities within it, they are called Ireland and that's why the plural, the singular of the plural is also flora.

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So you say Alhamdulillah all praise is to Allah, Rob, the Lord of Allah, Allah mean and we've understood now Allah Allah mean everything in creation, of course with the exception to Allah subhanho wa Taala