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Foundations of the Sunnah #10 – Defining Iman & the state of those who abandon Salah
Channel: Ali Albarghouthi
Series: Ali Albarghouthi - Foundations of the Sunnah
File Size: 60.69MB
Episode Transcript ©
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We can get the door and shawl on the back
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah who either early or sai B was salam alaikum eliminare myInfo no one found me my Olympian I was in Illman autobill al Amin Allahumma in the critica or shook Rica was in a bad attic
hamdulillah last thing we talked about was discussing both alma de and and Mercy who did JAL and then and Mercy who a sub no Mariam Ali he said um
and some people before we kind of conclude that topic some people have this kind of knee jerk reaction to whenever they hear about Al MADI or at the journal they will say, well these things are not true.
They now read
even before they hear anything about it or without hearing any of the evidence to support that they'll say this is not true.
And in reply to that we say what is what is really the issue or the problem was believing in an Medialis let's start with an Maddie.
So if an Maddie is simply a Khalifa,
a just Khalifa there will be at the end of time and he does not receive any revelation from Allah azza wa jal because he's a normal human being. So doesn't matter the receive revelation
No, so he's just a just Khalifa at the end of time. Yes, he will witness things that are more or less supernatural which include a mercy hood the gel but he himself performs none of these things. So what is the problem with believing that such a person will exist at the end of time?
Hola nouns insha Allah so there are people who are blocking the driveway. So if you're a brother or a sister says people cannot leave the masjid so please Zakum law here
free your brothers right through your sisters and Shana let them leave insha Allah that's from the other that if you are had to park that way as soon as you finish your Salah you leave and then you park somewhere else and come back if you should inshallah Allah Allah means so again, if any brother or sister was blocking the driveway, please insha Allah take care of that as soon as possible. So going back nobody is a just Khalifa what's the problem with believing that at the end of time or just Khalifa will be there? Is that really problematic? And we said that he is not a savior figure. We're now waiting for Maddie to come and save us. Right? So if you know if the prophets of Allah was
salam did not meet amagno Hapa but he predicted that 50 years after or 100 years after Overbrook Hatha will appear and He will fill the land with justice and he will do this in that would you have a problem believing in that?
And really, so why do we have a problem believing in God so that's one thing. So what do we have a problem in believing then in mercy at the jail the imposter Messiah what's the problem with it? So some people will say about admitted he entered the jail. Well, they're not in the Quran.
Right? You can find them in the Quran. So the question here do you must find everything only in the Quran for you to believe in it? Many can the Sunnah also establish new
facts or have details about facts mentioned in the Quran? That are not in the Quran? Do you only have to believe in it if you see it in the Quran, but not in the Sunnah. So if a person says yes, then we have a bigger problem than in Medina, the gel is in it because if you say to yourself, I will only believe in it if it's in the Quran, but not in the Sunnah Your problem is bigger than lmsc Hit the gel or about Allah your problem is about the Sunnah of Rasulullah Salatu was Salam not being independently a source of information for you? If it's not in the Quran, Allah will not believe in it. So here is the hole for you for rock as and is mercury for you three rock as and is Asia for you
for rock as or not? Is if you say yes it is a sea where is that in the Quran? Because the Sunnah establishes this right? But not the Quran. Now what is more important the number of rock as in the Salah that we pray every day or Alma had the unknown mercy had the
salah Salah is much more relevant because they need not everybody will see mercy hit the jail but every Muslim
has to pray. So which of the two is more important? So that obviously, so are you going to deny the number of records that we have? Because they're not in the Quran? If you say yes, then that is a real problem here.
Much bigger as we said, then I believe about the end of times. But if you say I'll take that say, since you took that from the Sunnah, you gotta take other things from the Sunnah as well, including what animacy had, the gel will do. So, some people have an issue with an Maceda gel, because of its supernatural nature, how could one person come and he can do this and he can do that. So they will start three interpreting and mercy hit the jail as what as figurative symbolic, allegorical, occurrence, meaning and mercy hit the jail becomes for some people, technology, by
corruption and power and mercy hood, the gel becomes the dollar and if you flip the dollar sign the US dollar, and they have a pyramid and on top they have that old saying IBC that is an merci had the gel or a sign of it? Or or or or so some people reinterpret that because it's easier when they want to talk to non Muslims. Or if they hear the comment of rationalists let's call them or non Muslims who will say Do you actually believe in these things? They feel so embarrassed that it's easier to reinterpreted mercy hit the jail the imposter Messiah as what? as something natural, not supernatural? Right? Because you can just dismiss it as Yes. That's just political corruption. That
is one world government that is this and that is that but there's nothing extraordinary about it. So we say okay, do you believe that ASA Allah is Suriname would bring the dead back to life?
Yeah. And it's in the Quran, right?
Do you believe that as Ali said, Um, could fashion out of clay birds and blow on them and they will fly?
Because that's in the Quran as well. So if you have issues with that, again, you can because it's where in the Quran so the question here, if Allah could give a human being that power, could he not duplicate that and give it to another human being? As a fitna not as a proof of revelation but as a fitna that that a gel could bring someone back to life? Could he or not article? Yeah, he can. So what's the issue that if you believed in one, why can't you believe in the other especially that it's not one or two or three Hadith, but some of them I've said there are so many that they've reached the limit of terroir, when it comes to El merci hit the gel, and the description
of a messy head the gel excludes the possibility of it being a government or technology or $1, or what have you. Because the profits are lucidum describes what a human being describes a man he looks like this, his hair is like that he is this tall, right? He will walk like this. So obviously he's talking about a human being. So the allegorical definition of Mercy hood the jail the imposter, Messiah is completely wrong. And if there is something that you have trouble believing, any refer it back to Allah azza wa jal, and you say I believe in it, in the way that Allah azza wa jal wants in the way that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam talked about it and pray for Iman to be able to embrace
it, but don't change for the sake of convenience and don't change for the sake of embarrassment. Oh, I can't believe in this because they will make fun of me No, in fact, if you believe in truly believe in it, you will find that there is proof for it in the Quran proof in it in the Sunnah. And there's rational proof for it, if that Allah asserted that you believe in is capable of doing these things. And if Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam told you about him, there is no need to be embarrassed. If you embrace it and explain it, in fact, will open doors for you to understand the world around you. But if you shy away from it, and you bury it, then you yourself will not be able to understand your
own religion and your own charity are running away from it all the time. Because somebody tries to shame you because of it. So have confidence in whatever Allah said, and whatever Muhammad SAW Allah Allah you are li wa salam said and if there are questions about these particular figures or things that they will do, let me know in sha Allah Subhan Allah me. Now we move to something new.
And it's actually even more significant though it may not be as exciting. This is Iman and Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah emphasizes what Iman is by saying, well, Ema No. POLIN Rahman.
Al Eman is cold, meaning a testimony is something that you say and we'll explain what the cold
is where I'm at and a deed and an action that accompanies what you testify to and what you affirm. Colin Waterman. He has he do I am because it increases and it decreases cambogia Phil Hubber as it was reported in the Hadith at the middle, Mina Imana, sn rowhome. UCLA, the best of believers are those with the best of character or the people the believers with the most complete or more complete of Eman will have more of it or those who have better character.
And then he said women Taraka of Salah taka that's a hadith woman Taraka or Salah taka for the one who leaves or abandons the salah has committed. Cofer has disbelieved and then he said well a salmonella Maddy che on Turkey hookah from in La sala and there is no deed and there's this this is a statement from Abdullah Hypno chakra tilaka he, he said the Amin the meaning of that statement and we'll come to it and there is no deed that if you leave it is Cofer except abandoning salah, meaning abandoning salah is the only thing that if you leave, that's an act of gopher and disbelief. Then he said men Taraka for who are cared for the one who leaves it is a disbeliever and Allah has permitted
that he'd be killed. And we have to explain and unpack all of this. So he's talking about EMA, then he's talking about salah, and then the ruling regarding the one who abandons the Salah and does not perform it. So
is fundamental to understand it. It's fundamental. And from early on, from early on, we can say from the time of the hola till today, there had been disagreements about what Iman is what constitutes Eman and what
gets a person outside of Islam, what kicks a person outside of Islam. And the disagreement wasn't really between the Sahaba but those who come and they innovate and misunderstand what Iman is. So in fact this understanding what Iman is and what is not what it is made of. And what would exit a person out of Islam and out of Eman is more important than understanding about an mahadi and in mercy hood.
So when he Rahim Allah says well, Ema no Kowloon, what Amel. He's trying to condense for us as did some of the some of the definition of iman.
So if you go to a language to the Arabic language Eman is belief,
right, this is how we translated in English. Right. So Eman is autosleep.
Now, some come and say but not only does the UK really the Iman is not only to believe in something but also to believe in something in aqueous to embrace that thing. They call it a crore. So it's not for you to believe but you say I believe in this and I will follow it. There has to be that I believe in it and I embrace it.
And others also add to it. Not only that, but they so also there is peace that that belief brings to Nina because the opposite of Amman, which is the root of Eman is how fear.
So why do they emphasize some emphasize that even linguistically it's not enough as to who to believe but also to believe and what to acquiesce or accept and embrace? He said, because
some of the people of the book they knew that. Or if you're either you could say they believe that Muhammad Ali is salatu salam was the prophet of Allah azza wa jal. But if you were to come to the mesa, would you follow Him? They would say what? No.
Now such a person does he have Iman?
They'll tell you even linguistically, right? He doesn't, because he knows but he does not have a crore mean and not Aquarius does not accept does not embrace this. Yes, I know. But I will not follow, dislike IBLEES does the bliss have Iman,
he knows that Allah has devoted his one, right? He knows that Adam is the prophet of Allah. He knows that Muhammad
Ali Salatu Salam is a prophet and a messenger of Allah. Does he want to follow? No. So it's not enough even linguistically they say to say that you just believe no, no, you believe and submit to that thing. And you want to follow a door consequences to that belief. So you say in fact that translates very well into the religious meaning of iman or if we say just simply Eman is belief is a the religious meaning of Elam Eman
adds other things to it, which include what they say it must have the belief of the heart, meaning how the heart believes this, and the actions of the heart as well.
And we'll explain that. And also the statement of the tongue, and then the deeds of the body. So they will say, Hold on one millennia, or they have variations of that. We can think about it as inward and outward.
And they don't work, except if we have both of them. So if a person only have outward compliance with Islam, but not inward, do we call that person a Muslim?
No, right. So on the inside, they don't believe but on the outside, they pretend to believe, who is this person? Monica, that's a hypocrite. The same thing they say that if you only have inward, but nothing on the outside, is that a moment? No, because in the tongue, he'd hadn't not testified. And in the body, he doesn't do anything to reflect Islam and Iman, then that means that what? He's not really a movement until you have a combination of them. So let's begin with the heart, then move to the tongue, then move to the bodies. So with the with the heart, we must have what believing firmly with certainty of Allah as Odin and His Prophet sallallahu wasallam and what he they have commanded?
So you have it. And you must have with it what as we said, If CRAR meaning Yes, I will follow this is you embrace it, not that you just know it, but you want to follow it, you submit to it, this is from Allah, and I will follow it to my best ability. So this is the part that is about the, the coal of the heart or the statement of the heart, but you must also have actions of the heart. What are the actions of the heart meaning that you should also love Allah
and fear Him and hope from him and be happy and content with him? And you trust Him and rely on him? And you have assured with Allah azza wa jal, right, who humility before Him, all these are needed. If a person does not have none of that, then he cannot be a believer. So can a person be a believer? Happy Mortman without loving Allah? No, you must have a minimum Love of Allah, a minimum fear of Allah a minimum of reliance on Allah subhanho wa taala. That must be there. So that's the beginning. The beginning of iman is in the heart. Then after the heart, how do you announce your is Iman and Islam?
With the offers with the tongue, that's how you accepted right? So you see a shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah wa shadow Nam Hamada Rasul Allah. That's the coal of the listen the statement of the tongue. So it must be there for a person to be counted as a believer. And of course you can add to it, some people say the actions of the tongue, so dhikr of Allah azza wa jal, the Quran tisby Do all of these things, but the minimum is the statement of the tongue. And then once you have one and two, you must move into the third which is the actions of the body, the actions of the body, they have to reflect what a person believes. Right? And that's why the statement that he brought from the Hadith
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Allahu Allah de buena nabina homos, Salah, Femina, Taka, Taka kefir, the oath or the bond that is between us is a Salah. The one who abandons it has disbelieved
to tell you that it is necessary for a person to obey Allah azza wa jal outwardly and inwardly and both on all of these things constitute what Eman is now. Also said well, Iman, we are Z do YM cos Iman increases and decreases. Now, if nobody had told you that Iman increases and decreases and somebody came to you and asks you does Eman increase? What do you say?
Just based on your experience, personal experience, does your demand increase? does it decrease? Yes, absolutely. If the amazing thing is that there was disagreement about this between Allah sunnah and those who innovated because those who had innovated said it doesn't increase or decrease and they will tell you why insha Allah shortly but that Emmanuel at the mean the Eman or the belief of understand our Joomla is that yes, your iman increases and your Eman decreases there's evidence for it in the Quran. Evidence for it in the Sunnah were either my own zealot Salah told me no Maria Kulu comes out to her the Eman for Amanda Deena and offers other Tomiyama and Isla Imani him or him
yesterday. Yesterday Sharon? What Amala DNF equilibrium model don't forget to reduce and either reach see him. So Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran he says when a surah is revealed, some will ask Who among you that this is
precent Iman. Then Allah says, As for those who have Iman, this surah increase them in Iman and they are glad and happy with what they hear yesterday she don't also expecting the best from Allah xojo. But those who have disease in their hearts, it added them in misery and in disbelief, but each sin in contamination or in disbelief, it added that to them. So, when you hear this idea, you understand that when the believers received new sources, or new evidence of Allah azza wa jal is sovereignty and power, they hear a new Hadith and they embrace it, it increases
their Iman, right. And if those who disbelieve or those who have sickness in their heart, they hear something from Allah and His Prophet, and they reject it, it increases them in what disbelief. So as a person can increase in belief, they can increase in Cofer and disbelief. And that also tells you that the image should decrease as well.
So, that is something that is very evident in the Quran.
And also evident in the sunnah to Allah Bina minsa, as the Sahaba would tell each other, let us sit for some time so that we would have more Iman, and that more Iman comes from what from listening to the book of Allah as origin. So if we go to how Eman increases, it increases based on the three levels that we talked about the heart, the tongue and the actions of the body. So let's talk about the belief.
My belief in your belief, our belief in their belief is not the same, even though we all call it belief.
So the more evidence that you learn about the power of Allah as though till about the Mercy of Allah, the more evidence that you see in the universe or learn about in the Quran, and Sunnah, the more that you will even in it will increase. So for instance, you know, if somebody tells you, if we just cannot bring a random example, if somebody tells you that such and such a country exists, and you've never seen it ever in your life, and you see one witness, and you believe them, that's a level of belief. If some or 10 people come to witness to you that they've seen that country, your belief increases or not,
if 100,000 People come and witness to you that they've seen that country you believe increases or not. So the more evidence that you see and cite in the Quran, or you see your list separated, say for instance, you are a person who observes the world around him, you observed the animal kingdom, you observe the stars, you observe, you know, microscope, microscopic living beings. And you see the wisdom of creation, the marvel of creation and that increases your iman in the creator and the wisdom of creator your Eman increases because of that or nah, definitely. So the more evidence you have your image on the inside increases, and if you use your heart, move your heart to try to push
it towards Allah xojo. And you ponder, think about Allah's power, Allah's Rama, how many animals he had given to you. This, this is the practical side of what we're talking about. So you ponder all of these things. And you remember that if you are pleased with Allah, He will be pleased with you. And there is no one more powerful than Allah so you start to fear him more than anybody else. So you're moving your heart and you're pondering the world around you and the verses of Allah azza wa jal? Does this not increase your iman. Yes, it does. So that's increasing it through the heart, it's belief and its actions. Tell you, how do you increase your iman with your tongue?
The crew Allah azza wa jal, right so if you sit and you say a star for Allah, with your mind present 100 times do you feel that you remain had increased,
that you are closer to Allah azza wa jal that you love Allah more that you're less attached to the dunya you'll be more sensitive of sins around you right. So, the more that you do this, even if you start either way, without wanting to start, even if you start while your mind is absent, but then the repetition itself brings you to Allah azza wa jal right.
And so repetition of the tongue increases your iman and makes you a better believer because of it. The the body how do you increase your iman with the body?
Prayer, so the Salah and Allah azza wa jal in fact called our Salah Iman warmer can hola hola yo de i Iman accom Allah azza wa jal will not let go or discard
or waste your iman and they said in the tafsir Allah was referring here to Salah he was calling Salah Iman one of the greatest things that you could do to increase your iman is Salah, and in fact any deed that you do that pleases Allah increases your iman.
Alright, so in Hadith
he says Alayhi Salatu was Salam. Al Eman who built the drone was a balloon a Sherpa. Allah have called hula Illa Illa Allah word na e multiple other and he thought he will hire a Sherpa to mean an Iman. He says Ali Salatu was set up a man is made up of 73 or 70 something branches. The highest of him is saying La ilaha IL Allah, the lowest Israel moving harm from people's way. And HYAH we can translate as shyness is part of iman.
So here on a Salatu Salam is telling you of the many branches that Eman has the first and he said the best is what saying okay and believing La Ilaha illa Allah that is the best sentence and that is the pillar of all beliefs. And it goes all the way down until what removing harms from people's way is that emotion or not? That's emotion. So if you do something as simple as that your Eman increases and Allah loves you because of it. Something that is as simple which also tells you that actions are part of Iman
and there is no sense separating the two because some people might think that Eman is only here on the inside inward and the outside does not affect it at all. No he says no the simple acts that you do you see haram and you look away.
Increases your iman. Absolutely right. You see somebody who needs help and you help them increases your iman he gives sadaqa increases your iman, you as we said to you ponder Allah azza wa jal in a sense Allah's commands and their wisdom and what he wants from you and increases your iman and he says higher shyness and the higher is an action of the heart. Will you feel shy of Allah azza wa jal to commit anything that displeases Him, and shy also of the servants of Allah that they would see you disobeying Allah as legit so you refrain from the Haram and you will refrain from anything that is ignoble, anything that is demeaning. You stay away from it that is higher an action of the heart
that translates into actions of the body that is also human as well. So this is how the Eman increases and what decreases Iman, lack of Salah
brings the man down. Okay, if you see a haram and you embrace it, and you do it, that decreases your iman, if you speak with haram, that increase decreases your iman, if you expose yourself your heart to
doubts about Islam on the existence of Allah azza wa jal and His Prophet and you intake all of that, and you don't counter it with counter proofs and with worship of Allah azza wa jal, the belief that you have in your heart starts to
decrease and weaken.
So for instance, if a person is interested in debates, remember, we talked about debates before, so a person is interested in debates, whether it's debates with people of other faiths or people who don't have a faith at all. So he listens online
to Muslims debating those non Muslims or people of faith, the beating of people who have no faith at all. And he's listening to all of these arguments and counter arguments, and you're absorbing them. After you leave that debate, what do you feel that your man has increased?
Maybe, but on the other hand, on the other hand, and sometimes you feel what some of the things that they have said, are still with you.
All right. How could Allah do this? How could this be a prophet? How could this How could this How is still with you, if you don't counter that with counter proves, but now counter proves on their own or not enough, actually with a badda
with a burdah? Because as we said, what that's a definite way to increase your iman is not only intellectual all the time, right? But it was actually a bad and withdrew app that brings you closer to Allah azza wa jal, you will start yourself having doubts, like the doubts that you've heard from that debate, and that's why sometimes you would hear and this takes place of a person who was so eager, and so active in calling to Islam, and then all of a sudden, something bad happens to them and they
maybe leave Islam altogether. So how did this happen? Obviously, because they have absorbed, what they cannot decontaminate themselves off. You're with me so far. You absorb something. It's like poison you'd swallow it, but you're on
able to decontaminate you. So how do you decontaminate yourself from all of that? First of all, you don't approach this unless you really have the stomach for it Mimi, really have the knowledge and have the A Bader to be able to withstand all of this because it will be an assault on you intellectually, emotionally. And the shaytaan will blow into all of that. So are you ready for this or not? So if you're not ready, spare yourself and protect yourself from all of this and focus on what benefits you not what is exciting.
You know, the difference between the two. There are some things that are exciting and everybody's talking about and they want to watch. And there's something that's actually will benefit you focus on what will actually increase your iman, not on the things that are seen intellectually intriguing. And there are some Muslims who have followed these paths, the path of in Moycullen, the path of debate, like Al giulini and others, they said at the end of their life, he said, I wish that I did not follow this, this path. And I would die at the same belief of the old idea is UniSA board the old woman of Neysa, would
you make can you imagine the you know, the woman, the old woman in a village? Right? What type of iman do they have? Very simple Iman. Right? But it's very solid, right? Like they believe in this. And if they hear anything that upsets Allah and His Prophet, what are they do, they will scream back at you? It's not very sophisticated. And if they don't know proofs and counter proofs, they may not be able to count, you know, code, the Quran and Sunnah, for this and for that, but at the same time their Eman is solid here. They said after our long journey through philosophy and theology and Animal Kingdom and all of this, which only causes doubts. He says, I wish that we at the end of our
life, we have the Amen of those old ladies in that city of Nissa Bora or any village on in Muslim village because that's the man that stays with you the Eman that you get from the Quran and Sunnah directly, not through the path of philosophy and intellectual adventures. Right? So, if you want Iman, Allah and His Prophet
alayhi salaatu wa sallam tell you how to get it. And interestingly anyway, how we define Iman also.
When we say the prophets, Allah Salam defined Iman in the famous definition of Hadith of Gibreel How did he define it?
And two minute what Billa humor like it that you believe in Allah and the angels, you know, all the rest of it right in the last day and the Kadar the Destiny good or evil, but also in another Hadith when he was speaking to have the case. And he said, Well, Morrow Campbell Iman he says I commend you to have Iman Asus and do you know what Iman is? They say what is Iman he says that you have belief in Allah zodion and you establish the Salah and you give this a car and you perform your Amana? So he defined Iman Ali Salatu was Salam through the way that he had defined Islam
to tell you that these are pillars for Iman as well and you cannot have an Eman without these things. Alright, so
in another area that is related to this, okay.
piloted a narcoleptic, meanwhile I can hold Islam now Allah Maya Cordelia Manaphy who become Allah azza wa jal is talking about a claim that the nomads had a said the nomads Allah saying the nomads are saying, we have Iman.
Then Allah says, say to them, you do not have Eman but say we have Islam and the Eman has not entered your hearts yet. Meaning that those nomads embraced Islam
How do you embrace it?
La ilaha illAllah Muhammadan rasul Allah and you submit externally to what is required of you. So when they did this, they said we have Iman.
And thank Allah says, you know, you have Islam, but the reality and the strength of iman has not yet penetrated your hearts. So that is a definition of iman that tells you that Eman exists at a higher level of Islam where Islam is the external
and Eman is what the internal The deeper I the deeper level of Islam. So sometimes Islam and Iman are synonymous.
And sometimes Islam is the first step that you take when you say La ilaha illAllah Muhammadan rasul Allah, I'll pray five times a day I will give this a cow fast Ramadan, I'll do these things. And that requires a minimum level of iman. But when you do these things, you start to feel all of that on the inside.
And now your email increased then you say I have email.
And by the way, also, that's something good to add to it. Is there a limit to your email? Is there an upper limit?
No, there is no upper limit that Eman can keep growing and growing and growing till what? Actually there's no limit. Because you could, there's no limit for you to love Allah. Right. You can keep loving Him more and fearing him more and relying on him more. And the more that you pray and the more that you remember ALLAH, your Eman increases and there's no upper limit to that. But the Eman decreases until there's only a mustard seed of it in a person's heart. And if you remember, the hadith of Shiva, the intercession were Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam will go on Ask Allah azza wa jal to assign him portions that he could take out of hellfire, he will say take out of hellfire who will
have this little of iman, and even this I mean even less than that, and even less than that, until he reaches a mustard seed. Something similar to a mustard seed. So a person could have Eman like the mountains
or it could diminish and decrease until it's just like a mustard seed.
But as long as a person has it, they are promised from Allah as origin that they will exit Hellfire but a person who has this mustard seed as at very risk of losing all of it and entering into the state of disbelief. Right. And let's talk about disbelief because here Al Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah, He said, Woman Taraka salata, *a for the one who abandons the salah has committed disbelief. What a seminary Maddie she INTERCO from La sala says there is no deed that if you leave its disbelief except salah. And Allah azza wa jal had permitted that a person will be killed. So remember, Hamad was of the opinion and he's not the only one, that if a person abandons the salah leaves the Salah,
that act in itself is an act of disbelief. And he says Salah is unique in that sense, you could leave Zika and that would be what a major sin, but it's not disbelief. You could not fast and that would be a major sin. It's not disbelief hedge. Major sin was not disbelief, but according to the Muhammad and others as well they say except salah. If you don't pray, that's an act of disbelief. That is Cofer and Allah azza wa jal okay. That is go for and that is the only deed that if you do or do not do actually the only day that if you do not do you become a disbeliever because of it. It's a What did you base this on? Say the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we caught
it allowed to let the vein and obey normal Salah for Metallica for the oath that is between us and then is Salah, the one who abandons it for kefir. And then it says In another Hadith Fahad Ashok, he had committed Shiva and other Hadith similar Hadith that tells you that and then also there was a tabby II, who had his coding the Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the Sahaba that he met did not consider abandoning any d to be a disbelief go for except Salah.
So that is an opinion. There is another opinion from Maverick and a Shafi and also Abu Hanifa or him on wala, would you marry that they say no, it's not disbelief. It's not disbelief, but it's a serious offense. Okay. What is the difference between them? The difference between them is Mr. Muhammad Rahim. Allah will say if a person does not pray, that's an act of disbelief, and he should be given a warning. Take into the judge and given a warning you either pray or you be killed.
And if he does not pray and his and gets killed, he is judged as what
a disbeliever a Kaffir. And if you don't pray janazah for him, he does not inherit. That's it. He's a disbeliever right Catherine
Malik was Sheffield ever him home Allah do you say no, he's not a disbeliever. But still he would be taken to the judge and given that option, you either pray or you'd be killed. And if he does not pray, he is killed but he is still
By Abu Hanifa Rahim Allah says no, he does not get killed but he is imprisoned and punished.
Okay, until he prays and he sees in prison
and he gets this call at Jazeera and he gets punished until he decides to pray but if he not, he stays in prison.
So the matter of Salah is very significant. I'm like unlike any old the other day
And this is again not to put down fasting and Zika and what have you. But this is to tell you that if a person does not pray,
then scholars disagree about you whether you are a Muslim or not.
And do you want to actually take that gamble?
Right? Because there's no other action like it, do you want to take the gamble that if you don't pray, that there is a scholar that will say, because of this, you're likely to be a disbeliever Kaffir. And Allah has xojo because of some a hadith, that testify to this, right. And the important thing here is not if you embrace one opinion or the other to try to argue for the validity of that opinion or the other, because the disagreement between the scholar is very old. And it continues till today and probably will not resolve itself for a very long time. So I can't believe this account believes that. But what do you want to take from all of this is what
how serious this is. And that even if you say no, it's not an act of Cofer or disbelief. At least the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is saying in the Hadith, what is stands between you and disbelief is Cofer.
That's what he's saying. Even if you say it's not in itself, an act of disbelief, what is standing between you and Cofer is Salah, remove that barrier, and what is protecting you from disbelief.
So Salah is fundamental in keeping your iman and in keeping you intact as a Muslim.
And he will take it out, you have no guarantee anymore. Whether you want to call that person a disbeliever or a Muslim, but he's at risk of losing his Iman.
Now, it's important at the same time, let's say that if you embrace the idea or the belief of Imam Muhammad have no humbled that a person
who abandons the salah is a disbeliever, it's important that you do not issue your own judgments about people. Right? That if you see somebody who does not pray at all, okay, should you go and call him a disbelief?
No, that's not up to you. Because this person has to be counseled first, and his questions answered. And because there's ambiguity about it because the scholars disagree that person could have and be under the understanding that this is not such a big deal because it's a sin, but it's not such a big deal. So it's important to withhold judgment and not issue it and leave that to those who have knowledge. Simply advise people and tell them how serious that act is. Also, because we're talking about Kufa and not kufr Allah azza wa jal, there are statements in the Quran, or statements in the Sunnah in particular, where something is described as Cofer as disbelief in Allah as zodion but it
is not the major disbelief. So for instance, and these are important, by the way, and shallick pay pay attention. When the prophets Allah wa salam says that Sergio Abadi, Kufa derivable documentary Kaaba says don't become after me too far, striking the next of each other, meaning killing each other. Do not become after me, Kuffar killing each other. Does he mean at a is Salatu was Salam a that if two Muslims fight or two groups of Muslims fight and they wage battle against each other? That because of that act, they are Kfar?
Because Allah azza wa jal says that if two groups of Muslim in the Quran it says into smaller groups of Muslims, they fight for us they obey nahama
find that the Houma added okra Bakar to the letter but he had that fear Illa amarilla so Allah as it says in the Quran, right? If two Muslim groups they fight, then reconcile those two and one refuses then fight the one that rebels until it comes back to the commandments of Allah as Zota. So they are what still Muslims. So what does he mean Allah is salatu salam, when he says don't come back or to be disbelievers killing each other, meaning don't act like
the disbelievers. And that that action is an action of gopher, but it's not kufrin belief. It's a Cofrin deeds,
you know, how the kuffaar if you want to simplify, you know how the kuffaar act certain ways, right? And they have certain beliefs, right? So he says if you do something that resembles the kuffaar It's a coup for indeed meaning you look like them. Even though you unbelief you're not
with me. So you look like them. You're acting like him because who kills Muslims? Muslims Okafor? Go far so he says don't act like them dumb
Allah be like them by killing Muslims. In another Hadith. He said that A is Salatu was Salam. I think then if he Nursey, whom I became a goof Athan of here and Serbian Nia haces two things that are Cofer are Tannehill and SAP impugning one's lineage. Okay casting doubt about one's lineage or disparaging one's lineage and and near how wiggly when somebody dies and somebody Wales because of it, play that action, in itself makes you a Kaffir
does it make you a Catholic? No, right? It's a major sin. But wailing over the dead does not make you a Kaffir. But why does he salatu salam calls it Kufa
because who does that?
The Kufa as a Muslim, you're not supposed to wail over the dead or impugn or disparage somebody's lineage. That's what the kuffaar do.
That you're supposed to respect and honors people's lineage, if he's they say, I'm the son of so and so the son of so and so you take them at their word. Or if they say I belong to this tribe, or this tribe, you don't disparage them because of what they where they come from, that is the actions of the disbelievers. He says don't act like them. So that action is called golfer. But it's not a golfer that takes a person out of Islam. So you have to be careful when reading the Quran or careful also, in reading the sunnah to distinguish as you read between things that actually called Cofer and take you out of Islam and cold Kufa and you're still a Muslim while you do them. i And if you can't
tell them, you would ask a person who has knowledge.
Now, let me see if I want to go into that or not. We will touch on it in sha Allah and then conclude. So why is it that Imam Muhammad Muhammad Rahim Allah had to assert this and scholars also had to assert all of that meaning Eman is made of all of this. And Eman increases and decreases as because one of the earliest divisions and innovations that we had in Islam was about the issue of iman. When 100 euros
and they looked at Aleve not to be thought they were not the Allahu Anhu and they said they did not you did not rule by Allah's
law. In in Kokomo Illa Allah right. Ruling belongs to Allah azza wa jal and you deviated from this. And because of this, they consider that even not to be a thought to be what a Kaffir
they called him a Kaffir. And more Aria is a Kaffir. An abdominal acid is a capsule so wholesale tech fear, right? And they are the ones who killed Ali you've Navitat
and they attempted to kill Maria
and El Hawa it also consider that if a person commits a major sin that negates their Iman, so a person drinks alcohol, in their view, is your Muslim gun, commits his inner Is he a Muslim God. Now, interestingly, subhanAllah there's a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam that says What lie is Nizami Hina his new hornwort Minowa inshallah will hombre Hina shabu haha Mortmain it says the one who commit Zina does not commit Zina while he's men and does not one who drinks alcohol does not drink alcohol why he's men. A person might hear that and think what oh, he's a Kaffir.
But no prophet Sallallahu Sallam is saying what while he's doing it, his his Eman strong. No, otherwise he'd be not be doing it. So some of the Sahaba they've said what they've said like this and they interlace their fingers, meaning that when he's doing it, Eman, goes out. And when he finishes and repents, it comes back. It doesn't become a Kaffir. But it just decreases because of it for the holodeck, right? When they hear something like this, they'll say that's evidence for us that he had exited from Islam entirely. And now he's a Kaffir deserves to be in hellfire.
So that is the belief of the heritage and they consider email to be one single thing. You either have it or you don't. And email to them does not increase and does not decrease. It's one block one thing, one entity, the opposite of that they come and merge.
And you don't have to remember these names by the way. The merger they come and they say they noticed the extreme over here. So not to come and they say in fact
it doesn't really hurt your iman any sin doesn't hurt your iman, Eman for us is only what you believe and what you believe is similar. Everybody has it. You believe in Allah you believe in the Prophet sallallaahu Selim is something that is very static. So whatever sin you do or good deeds you do, it does not affect your Eman. Eman does not increase
Is a man does not decrease. So for them and there is that general I mean that infamous statement that they had they say my Eman is like the amount of jewelry Elisa. Right? Because to them is what? All Iman is the same and they are called more gr because they've separated Iman from deeds. So say deeds could be important for some of them, right need it and some of them not so much. But they said as long as you have this belief, this is all you all you need. And actions are not part of iman. So that's a bit ah, and that is a Buddha. And in the middle Stan had a Sonowal GEMA who will say what'd he say Eman? He had to just wait about Eman is made of parts. It's not just one single entity,
whether you have it all or you lose it all. Now Imani it's about it has branches to it. So if you have the basis of Eman, you are a woman and a Muslim and you a man could keep increasing or it could keep decreasing and since decrease your Eman and good deeds increase your iman and that is the proper belief that a person should have because it encompasses and covers everything that Allah azza wa jal loves. Inshallah, next time, I will touch on the era again, about the danger of separating belief, from actions and how some of us today carry that belief within us, Allah Allah, but I don't want to go overboard and I don't want to go over our time in sha Allah, Allah, Allah me. So again, I
know that the issue of iman is not as enticing as talking about other things as well. But it is very fundamental. So when people disagreed about it until today, people disagree about it. And they dispute certain matters of Eman, you will not be able to figure out all of these things unless you understand the basics of it. And it's much more relevant to us than many of the other more enticing issues that we have discussed or we will discuss again. So in sha Allah just remember the fact that we talked about it and if there's something that needs to be added to this discussion in sha Allah, we'll do that next time beat Nila
let me know in sha Allah if you have questions yeah
have entered this number for the Imam
and the highest
there is the highest branch
Very good. Very good. Exactly. So it's a good question inshallah. So he's he's, he's trying to understand both the eye and the Hadith. So in the eye where Allah zodion says that that to the nomads, you've accepted Islam but you don't have Iman. And of course to accept Islam you have to say that either Hill Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah so that is there for them. Yet in the Hadith, it says that the highest of iman is what
colada Illa Allah saying La ilaha illa Allah. So how is it that their Eman is weak? But they have the highest? Yeah.
Nah, bite, they don't have the full so La ilaha illa. Allah encompasses everything. It has everything in it. And in it, it includes in it the breadth of loving Allah as origin, it's not just a statement. So the breadth of loving Allah and we said there is no limit to that. The breadth of relying on him, the breadth of trusting him the breadth of being happy with him Subhana wa taala. So all of that is included in that Illa Illa Allah so Allah Allah Allah Allah begins small, just like Iman right begin small and keeps growing and there is no end to it. And to let you that Illa becomes everything, right? Everything in your life. So if it ilaha IL Allah occupies a small part of their
heart, then that Allah the Prophet is saying what this prophet he says you have Islam, but the Eman is not strong. As the ilaha IL Allah keeps growing in the heart Eman is introduced, and it becomes the strongest and the best. So that is the difference between La ilaha IL Allah as a basic belief, and that ilaha IL Allah as Allah is loving Allah more than anything in the world, including yourself. That's the difference between mazurka lucky that's a good question.
Any questions from by right? Nothing in the back? Yeah.
I'm sorry again.
Okay, so the hydrogen the Moto G Ah, yes. So Al Hawa Did you have an Ebola year and it's a branch of a motor vehicle, the Hawaii bridge that exists already
A day in Oman, right and in North Africa, and they have pockets here and there. Right. And they have some of the similar beliefs that we talked about, they have some of the similar beliefs extended till today,
the Moto G L,
not in not not in the category of We are the mortgagee Ah, but some of their beliefs do actually seep into other sects as well. Right. So if you hear that actions are not necessary or Eman is complete without deeds, whether a person belongs to a formal group that embraces that, or a person on his own decided that a man is in the heart, what I do does not matter. That's it, as well. And that's the second part. That's where you want to talk about insha Allah next week, because sometimes it's not really a formal learning of irida or these innovations, but a person simply develops it or embraces it from the culture around them on board
Stay no staying there me. So technically, I mean, if you want to translate this literally staying there forever, no.
Know so you need to understand that word Hollywood, right? The word hello 30. Then fear. So kaladan fear in terms or in
some circumstances, the references that Allah has even made, it means forever, when it comes to a prisoner to kill to a believer, give them Muslim, and he is also a Muslim, then you have to say based on other evidence as well, is this an act of disbelief go for an Allah xiaojin? Or is this an act or it says a sinful act a major sin. So when you look at the other Hadith, right, similar to the Hadith of the man who killed 99, right, and ended by killing 100. And still there was repentance for him, or somebody killing to ignore coming to ignore sort of near Omar and you know, asking, you know, I've killed though ever killed the person? Do I have something that I can do to compensate for
it and ask them? Is your mother still alive? Right? And he said, No. And the person asked him, why did he? Why did you ask him that if his mother's still alive, he says, I don't know of anything better that he can do than piety towards his mother. So from that, and the general understanding that this is an act that is sinful, we understand that this is a must not mean that he will be in Jahannam forever, but rather for a very long time.
And that's the that is the one eight that is the punishment for it, even though Allah zodion could somehow or if that person had done really good things after his, that sin, Allah azza wa jal may not keep him there for a very long time. Right. So depending on what he did, so it'll Halluf depending on the context, it could mean yes, forever or it could mean simply a long time. Yeah.
As you mentioned, it seems like most of the
No, so most of them believe if you don't pray, you're still a Muslim. Except for Mmm, no humble. Yeah.
But when you look at the way they handle at the end of the day, most of them will end up that the person is in conflict with the they're simply going on levels.
That what does that mean? That that's, that's it's showing the gravity of not paying it definitely showing the gravity of not praying, because
the least of them is telling you that ever if you are not praying, you deserve to be in jail. In the no without a limit, and also punishment until you pray. That's the least of it. And then
three of the four three of the four Imams who say you deserve to be killed if you don't pray. But two of them will say well, you're still a Muslim, but it's like capital punishment. You still need to be punished for it but you still are Muslim. And another is saying what what you're not even a Muslim altogether. So it does tell you how serious that is because there's no action where they have disagreed about like this action. There was an early statements from some
Have the seller early on where they say if you don't give us a car you be careful. Or if you don't go to Hajj it'd be a Kaffir but that has gone extinct very very early opinions but that has gone extinct when the one that has survived and lingered and is very strong is about the Salah. So there's nothing similar to it that if you don't pray
it becomes a very serious thing a threat to your iman and you don't want to be a person whom the scholars are debating whether he is still a Muslim or not. That's what we're saying to people if anything if you do I mean whatever you're doing whatever you how bad you are, Salah is Salah is Salah, if you miss your Salah, then you're in danger Yeah
anybody else? If you have something asking
finish Allah we're sitting anyway anybody can is free inshallah to leave or if you'd like to listen, you could see all
these disasters in general what's happening to the certain parts of the world
and you may bring as they need the first thought of presented
and also across device
was the university they will not be here after the initial earthquakes and Killingly another
No, so I mean, so the question you have questions about disasters are the punishments from Allah azza wa jal. So, Allah Azza Valenciana answers this by saying well, masala Kumasi but in Febi Mikasa but at Cambodia Juancho. Kathy, whatever Mr. Misfortune befalls you is because of what you have earned, and he forgives a lot. So the general state of the OMA right, it's understood that
whatever things befalls you small or big, that's upon the invitation of something that we have done because Allah as though that is just and does not send your way things that are undeserved. Even though at the same time we're saying that Allah azza wa jal forgives a lot more than the things that he chooses to send our ways. Now in saying that, this thing that is happening or has happened is a punishment, we have to also underline maybe a couple of things. One is that a punishment does not mean that Allah has voted hates you.
Because as you said, in that hadith on my team, or Hilma, what other people have had dunya meaning Allah, the Prophet sallallahu sallam said that my ummah, Allah is merciful with it, and his punishment is in the dunya by earthquakes and getting killed and by the Phaeton so he coupled in joint punishment with Rama right? The hadith right punishment is coupled with Rama so it's not a sign that Allah wants to destroy the OMA. Allah wants to wake it up. So when you taste some of these things, you tasting the some of the consequences as you said, the halal facade of will very old Barbie maca Sabbath alienness so why is Allah azza wa jal making you taste some of what you have
done, so that you would wake up and change and when you wake up and change that would be to your own benefit. So Allah Allah does not want to destroy you. But yes, what is happening is a consequence of some of what we have done. So that is true.
earthquake here a drought, there are rising prices here and that this is what we tell the Muslims and the non Muslims alike. When you see these things happening, war spreading war uncertainty, you have to go back and reform yourself because this is the consequence of your sins. They have materialized at the same time it when we say it's happening in that area, but not in this area. It doesn't mean that people in Area A are better than people in Area B because it's very difficult to make that comparison. Perhaps the people in buried area that is afflicted afflicted are better than us. Right? And I was just thinking about it, if you just consider what has happened to them versus
us. Can we say that we are better than them? How is it that we are spared but they're going through this? And it could be the sign of Allah's mercy, visiting them? And may Allah have mercy on us in the sense of what Allah azza wa jal wants to wake him up. Allah azza wa jal wants to consider or select some of them as shahada as martyrs. Allah wants to prepare them for something that is great that is yet to come. He wants to bring them closer to him. And maybe we do not fit that description. Right. So a person is also humbled by that though, as we say, this is happening to the OMA because of sins, but at the same time, we don't become self righteous and say we are better than them
because we would have no access to that information. But bad things happening to us individually and collectively.
Ah, yes, a sin causes it. But don't consider that or Allah azza wa jal is so angry with you, he wants to destroy you.
As they say, if Allah is so angry with you, if he's that angry with you, he'll just wipe you out completely like Adam ThermoWood and the people of Nora, because there's no good left in you. But as long as there is good left in you, Allah will reform you. And like you discipline your child. Sometimes you discipline with them with what rewards and sometimes you discipline them with what punishment and do you punish because you hate.
No, it's the same thing. Does that answer your question?
Failing shall the thief Subhanak Allah will be handing a shadow Allah and the stuff with regard to