Quranic progression – Part 9
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
File Size: 71.61MB
Anima Baraka below Muhammad,
what are the early he was a junior in America. So last week we will continue with sort of follow up and we did verses two and three.
So we did verses two and three, in which Allah Subhana Allah says in Shelby Mahara woman Sheree was in EDA. And so that brings us on to insha Allah the final two verses of the surah.
And it also brings us on in verse number four to the first time that we are going to come across a variation in the pyramid
in the Quran. So because we're starting from surana, obviously, and going in reverse order. It's the first time in the poor animal we have a major variation in karate we've had like, maybe some small issues come up before, but we're not really going through the roots of the trees and so on and talking about variations in the words when the word slightly changes from something to something else. So in verse from before when a loss of hemodialysis woman shoved enough fatty filler up, but there was another way of reading this in the recitation of rice was one of the robberies or one of the narrator's from Yaqoob was one of the 10.
And he in his recitation, instead of saying woman shut down enough 30 He says, woman, Sharon, Nafisa,
So something we touched upon last week, is that because we're going to be doing this fairly regularly, throughout operands, like multiple, numerous times where we have these variations, I think it's a good idea. And it's important that we have some understanding of what we're speaking about when he mentioned his term.
And who were the poorer and what is it exactly mean, and so on, and so forth. And also to understand how these around these names are linked back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Because ultimately, all of this comes back from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they had ether, like everything else in our religion. And I kind of debated with this issue. And I thought about this because their art is discipline and a science in and of itself, independent of the seal, and so on. Prophecy. Tafseer is one of those sciences of Islam that kind of includes everything, and in particular, the different sciences of the Quran. And so I was wondering, you know, should I go into
this in some detail in some depth? Or should I just keep it pretty brief.
And then I was like, Well, if I make it really detailed, people are probably gonna get bored and think, oh, in order to doing and why is it going on to something else, and so on. And then I thought, you know, actually, I don't care, I'm gonna do what I want to do. And what I want to do is actually go into this not in too much detail, inshallah, so that it's, you know, something, which is going to be like a whole study of the discipline, but at the same time, in enough depth and detail, and inshallah, if you hopefully pay attention and keep up with me, it's going to make some sense. So that every time Now when I say you're on camera, you're not just now when I said your waist is one
of the two, you know, one of the is one of the greatest religion for all I see is blank faces. And I don't like seeing blank faces. So hopefully, we have enough understanding that when I say this, you are this kind of love, okay? You know, even if you don't fully understand the discipline or the science, you kind of know, okay, this is what we're speaking about. And this is how we relate to us. The other reason why I want to go into this in some detail, is because it is has become one of the last sciences of Islam. The science of karate is becoming, you know, inshallah, like this, like revival, especially in the last few years. But it's something which was, you know, for a very long
time, not known, not understood, you know, to the extent that if someone was to read in a different era, people would actually think that they've changed the Quran. And there's instances and many stories of people in the masjid when someone's changed that there are, you know, like the either like, the Imams have, you know, been corrected because people think they're reading incorrectly or people have caused issues in the masjid simply because of a lack of knowledge.
And I remember hearing a story and alarm originals best if this is true, but I heard a story from many years ago like this is like decades and decades ago, when in the University of Medina, they first started the faculty of Quran and the faculty of art in the university is not a faculty that specializes so much intersil berada with a specialism in karate, so it speaks about the field and so on. But other faculties and other colleges also go into depth into some extent, like we studied, even Caufield and shalya. But the faculty of Quran was set up to revive the sense of Iran, right. But it was something which was new and not something which people were overly familiar with. And
there was a gathering of scholars in Medina, and students and they were you know, they had a gathering and someone was asked to read the
At the beginning, you often do, let's start with the recitation of the Quran. So one of the students who was a student of the faculty of Quran began to recite. And he did it with sight in hops in the way that we would normally recite, chose a different bearer, and is one of those unknown periods, right, one of the ones that people don't really hear much, but even today, this kurata, we kind of familiar with, like the era of wash, right uncertainty, right, that we kind of familiar with, because even till today, people from Morocco and from other countries will recite this. So you may have come across it at some point or some time. But then there are periods which are obscure when we
say today, and they're very different. And so he chose a recitation or if there are, which wasn't familiar to many of the scholars. And as he was reciting, when he came across one of these variations, one of the scholars in that gathering corrected him.
And the student notes is kind of stuck. Now this chef has corrected him, but the chef is wrong, because he's correcting him in something which he doesn't understand. So the student repeated the verse and he read it again in the Quran. But again, the chef corrected him, right, and this happened maybe 234 times, until one of the professors from the faculty of Quran, he spoke up and he said, Oh, chef is not reading incorrectly. He's just reading in a different era.
And then the chef understood, and he we didn't know because it's not something which he specialized in. And in fact, even in many of the books of fcmc, there are books of Tafseer that will mention the differences in karate. And they will point to it
seems that only be mentioned this either, right? And so it's something which over time has become somewhat of a lost sign. So that's one of the other reasons that I wanted to speak about this in a bit more depth. The science of thermal art is basically the science of how to recite the Quran. Now most of us I think, are familiar with the science of surgery. For energy it is how to reflect on the rules and principles that govern the pronunciation and the recitation of the Quran. But the rules of Tajweed.
When they speak about the rules of surgery, they normally confine it to the the law of ASIMO, perhaps, which is the pillar that we will recite. But actually there are other art as well. And when you bring all of those different variations in pronunciation, in rules of recitation, in the differences between words, like we just mentioned, between Neff, fethard and nafi, that that Remember what we said in script, they are the same, right, we said there are three conditions for a para to be accepted. Number One has to be in accordance to the Arabic language and its grammar. Number two, that it's authentic, it has an authentic, it's not a chain of narration back to the
prophets on the lower level system, and it is Matteo Otto. And number three, that is something which conforms to the script of the manuscript, which is the way that we allow one rotor to call and center to the various Muslim lands, Nikita and the fact that the way they are written in the Quran is exactly the same
in the script, is exactly the same. So the difference, therefore is in the vowels, which were added later on. So both of these, like Medicare and Medicaid are written exactly the same way in the Quran, in terms of the script is the shape of the script, right the form of the script, it is what is called Bob, or putting on the dots and putting on the vowels. That's what changes and that's something which is a science which came later. So this is what it is, when you bring all of them together all of these different variations, then you have what is called a para.
And these are, as we said, last week, there are art which are mutawatir and karate, which
means that a full day conformed to the three conditions that I just mentioned, are with language modality, and according to this manuscript, and then there are art which don't conform to all of those conditions. And they are known as the peculiar or the irregular art, that there are Shatta Wale and we mentioned that last week, when we spoke about one of the girls and so so
the periodic table is the term that's given to all of those collection of neurons. How do they work? How are they formed, they all came from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam, in the time of irmo, the loved one when the Muslim lands expanded, and the Muslims conquered places like Shangri La, and Egypt and Yemen and all of those different Muslim lands. And people started to enter into the fold of Islam that weren't Arabs that weren't proficient in the Arabic language masculine Arabic language. When they came to recite the Quran. They found the companions found that these new Muslims is revert in essence, we're making mistakes in the recitation, they will reciting the Quran
incorrectly. Just as today. There are Muslims from across the world you know many of our parents Pakistan in
India's Somalia, all of these countries in the Muslim world that today we set upon incorrectly, because they have an underwater situation, right? no one taught them how to recite the Quran. So they became Muslim. So they were born as Muslims. And they went to a teacher who taught them the way that he had been taught or she had been taught. And it passes on from generation to generation. So when one of your loved one was faced with this issue, or his governors highlighted this issue to him from those different lands, they requested that he sent out the companions, who are specialists in to the different Muslim lands. So a lot of you agreed. And he said, for example, about Musashi or
central bus or even was rude to Kufa while your loved one was sent to Philistine Palestine,
or sent to Damascus, will they even have your loved one was kept in Medina, and so on and so forth. All of these major companions who are experts in or are was sent to these Muslim lands, and that's where they settled. And from them, they had students with students and so on. And so they developed these derived. So for example, one of them may be according to the recitation that they've been Massoud had, right, one of them according to recitation of even a bus or one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
There are two figures, two people who are extremely important in the sense of karate, right? There are many but two that are like perhaps, you know, like very well known. The first of them is a scholar who passed away approximately the year 500 and something I don't remember 519 and he is a scholar by the name of the Imam Shafi Rahim, Allah was from Andalus, from southern Spain. And he became the scholar who took all of that knowledge. And they put it into poetry form, he has a poem that is famously known as the sharply via over 1000 verses of poetry, that all they do is speak about
soliders speaks about 1000 verses of poetry just come out, and a student of their art would memorize this poetry, because then in their minds, they would be able to understand the variations without having to go and research them, right. It's something which they have memorized something which is available to them instantaneously. That's the first figure, remember sharp and the man was shocked. He based his book, his poetry on a book that was written before him by a scholar by the name of Danny rahimullah. And he took his book and he just put it into poetry for another scholar, okay, maybe two 300 years later, a scholar by the name of Joseph Rahim, Allah emerges at this scholar
came, and he essentially did the same thing. He wrote another book in poetry form as well. And instead of just taking a mug shot, the BS poem, or the knowledge that he had, he gathered all of the books of Kara. And he put me the poetry from all of them. So what did the mammal shelter we did a mama shelter. We just took one book, and he can find himself to that book, and he wrote it into poetry. So whatever was mentioned in that original book, that's what he mentioned in poetry, anything that wasn't mentioned. He didn't, he didn't go into what this Philemon just said he did is he went through all of the books of karate, not just that one book, multiple books, he said that I
gathered 980 different wings, from the books of karate 980, different narrations, different ways. And I bought them all together those different recitations. And I made poetry from this, right. So from those templates, he went through all of the books of their artists speak about variations in them, and so on, all of them will tend to conform to those conditions that we mentioned. And he gathered all of them.
So this is the intellect This is the science of art. And the sense of basically speaks about 10 recyclers that are 10, main recyclers, each one of them had two students. There are many students, but two that became well known prominent in this science of karate. So from those 10 gladis, we have two students. And when we recite the the name of that recitation is one of the names of the students. That's how it's named. So the main chef, the party himself, right, for example, Napa Napa is one of the 10 that has two students per loo and wash. So when we read the canal, even in the restitution of human Natha, we're choosing one of the two students to read through, or even through
the student loan or through the student wash. So when you hear the Imam reciting, you don't see his reading in the recitation of NAFTA, because you don't know right, which one of the two strands of NAFTA is he recited, you mentioned the name of the student. So in essence, there are 20 different variations. We say this Tinker art, but because each of them have two students that are in essence 20 different variations because each
Between the two students of one party, there are differences, right? No two artists students are exactly the same. Every one of those 20 there are variations, some more, some less, more of, but there are variations in every single one of them. So who are these 10 I'm not going to go through like a detailed biography, but I want to go through who they are, and their names and how they connect you back to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to so that we have an understanding of who these people are. The first of them and this is the order by the way. It's not like in any preference or anything. It's the order that a man was shocked that he mentions them in he mentioned them in a
certain order. And that's the order that we're taking. So it's not about preference, or who came first or last two which one is older or younger, more senior, or less senior, more junior, no, it's about the order that was given to them. But remember Shakti Rahim Allah, Who every scholar more or less after mama shelter B, they took that same order, and they continued with it. So he begins with a map. And the map map is the first party and he was from Medina and amendment natvia is
a reciter whose teachers because teachers
are from the students of the companions. So his teachers are the students of the companions his teachers directly studied with the likes of Ebner bass, rhodiola, Juan Houma, Abu huraira, rhodiola Ganga and even our best Annabelle warrior as we know, from the younger companions, you know, our bass ages from the companions of our era only came to Medina and 60 of the money came in after the Battle of Faber, I think he came so he only was with the processor for three to four years before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away. So those companions who came later who were younger in age are they accepted Islam later, were they migrated later, or they became Muslim after
the conquest of Mecca and so on. What will they often do? After the death of the Prophet send them, they studied with the other companions, who are more senior to them in Iraq,
more senior to them. So for example, if not above, above or below these companions, they studied with Zyban fabric, and they've been an earth man, and they are an OB bluecar. These are companions who are senior when it comes to the recitation of the Quran there. You feel like the figureheads right there, the scholars, even amongst the companions, when it comes to the recitation of the Quran, so imagine that his students are from the his teachers rather or from the students of the companions, like Abu huraira in barbarous and obviously they heard from the Prophet seven directly, but also they also studied with other companions, who was similar to them in karate, like a man like
Obi, like they did a fair bit of the local animal.
It's not mentioned when he was born. I don't know exactly when he was born. But one of the interesting things that they say about him is that commandment nephew Rahim, Allah Tada. He lived in Medina, his whole life. He said that I spent 60 years playing in the mosque of the prophets of Allah when he was 60 years I spent teaching and praying in the mosque of the prophets on the lower limbs. And his students mentioned that he always had very good breath, his breath with smell of mask of perfume.
So one of the students asked him one day and he said, Oh, me, ma'am, do you wear perfume every time you come out to teach us what you perfume yourself and then you come to the Michelin teachers? And he said, No, but I saw in a dream that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to me and I was reading. So he recited the Quran into my mouth. he recited the Quran into my mouth and from that time onwards, I have always found a pleasant smell emanating from
an Ummah, medic Rahim Allah tada the famous Imam, you know veteran Hadees and so on. He said, in my method is the Imam of Iraq. Right. And Rahim Allah was asked, which bill do you prefer? He said, I preferred the era of Medina.
And after him, the era of acid acid was the one that we recited. Right. And remember nephew, Mama passed away in the year 169 8169 hp. So this is the email. The first email mmf mmff had many students but the two students that are most prominent that we take care of from.
The first of them is called
loon and his name and that's his nickname. His name is Risa even Amina
Amina is famously known as balloon and balloon means good,
like Roman or some other language because he was from a different land and he came and migrated and so on. He was the adopted son or the stepson rather, of NASA. So our room is different.
stepson of the Imam.
And he was born in the year 120 in Medina. And he said that I spent 20 years studying with him.
And he was asked How many times do you read the Quran from cover to cover? And he said, I don't know, too many to count, I lost count. But for 20 years I spent studying with him and he became the Imam of the era in Medina after mmff law passed away, he became the next amendment he passed away in the year 220, of the hitron 220 of the intro said that was extremely quiet, rarely talk, unless he was reading the Koran or he was correcting someone's recitation of the Quran. And when someone would come and read to him, he will just look at their lips, he would watch the lips, and he will correct them based upon what he saw upon their lips. Ready? Would you speak? The second student of human
natvia? Or the second narrator is Watch. Watch. Right. And, by the way, is still recitation that's common in places like Libya, and Algeria and so on is to read in order. What is another recitation that's very popular in Morocco. Whereas if you go to Morocco, it's probably the most common recitation that you'll find.
You can see watch an affair. But if you say watch, I mean, it's well known that
there will be some narrators who have they married for more than one quarter, and we'll mention them for them, you would say, so and so on, so on. So just to make the
non student first than the teacher. Yeah. So you can say, what's your nephew. And if you actually look in the Koran like the Saudi printed one of the other ones, probably, they normally say, half an hour, but they will give you the whole thing. But it's not necessary that you have to mention that because most people would understand what that means. So the second student is a man by the name of wash his name, and that's again, another nickname his actual name was Earth man.
Right, and they said wash in Arabic coin in his in some of the language means someone who's fair skinned, very fair skinned and because it was fair skinned, he was known as wash. He was born in Egypt in the 110. Hugely. What's amazing by this Imam wash is the only King to Medina for one month.
And he only studied in Medina for one month with Amanda. And he said I stayed for one month, and I finished the canal with him four times. So he came for one month to Medina to study with him. And in one month, he read the Quran from cover to cover by heart four times from memory, which is an amazing feat, because most of us are on one spy memory in a month. You know, like Ramadan does take more than enough, right to read the Koran four times from memory in one month, is amazing, historic. He says in March that I traveled from Egypt. And I came to Medina only to study didn't come for business didn't come for hygiene or anything else. I came directly to Medina. And they went to the
mysteries of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to study with him after he said that I entered. And I found that the mosque was packed, full, no space. And all of those people are there to study with NASA.
All of them are students. So he said, when I came in, you can imagine where you come from Egypt has come only to study with the chef. And he comes in and he finds that there's so many people there that he can't even find space to come and sit with that email.
So he became you know, upset, he became despondent, he felt that he made all of this trip. And now he can't even get to the ship, literally to the chef, and finish with the chef and so on. So he asked one of the students, he said, who's a close friend of the email, and these are amazing stories. I like these stories, because it shows you how ingenious some of these scholars were right and how cunning they were, were in a good way and how they had to like be smart to come and to actually find a way to come and listen. And and and study with the shepherds of the share has hundreds of students, right? He doesn't know who this person is from Egypt to someone else's. So
many people, you have to compete in order to get to the share, where and there's many examples of this within the biographies of the scholars. So Mr. Marsh, what he did is he went to someone and he said, who's a close friend of America, who's one of his closest friends. So they pointed to someone was sitting in the machine, not a student and he said that man
is his friend. So he waited for him to go home. And then he said to this man, will you introduce me to him? So he said okay, so he took him to his house and introduced him to the friend of human nafa and the man wash September Septimus come from Egypt wash was the student. He said to the friend of him that I came from Egypt, not for business, not for Umrah, not for Hajj, nothing else
but now that I've come I found there's so many students that I won't get the chance. So will you go to him and take me and be my intercessor might be might wants to come and intercede for me and recommend me so that he will take me on as a student.
So the man agreed. They went to him and NAFTA and introduced him and he said, this is so and so from Egypt. He's come only study, come only to study didn't come to Mukherjee to confirm or didn't come for business to come for marriage can just read the Quran to you. And now he doesn't find any time. So imagine if you said to him, can you not see around me? The children of the Maha Julian and the children of the unsolved meaning that these are from the descendants of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Silla? Right? These are the grandchildren, great grandchildren, that around them my students. So how do I find time for him and I have here the descendants of The Virginian
So the man said to him, will you turn him back? His friend said, will you turn him back to Egypt? Without teaching like is all this week study with you? You'll turn him back. So I'm not set to watch when you sleep in the masjid. And stay here. And the men watch that. Yes. If you want me to stay asleep in the masjid. He said, Okay. He said, sleep in the masjid and come to me after photo. And when you come, you can read to me 30 verses, I think 30 verses or 30 of something is 30 verses. So he would come in the morning, and he read the first morning from 30 verses of the Quran. And when the people heard that he come from Egypt, and he went through, you know, all of these different
steps and his steeping in the masjid, and so on. And he's reading 30 verses, one of the students stood up and he said, Oh, man, I read 30 verses to you give 10 of my verses to him. And I need 20 today.
So remember, I said, Okay, no problem. So he read 10 more.
So another students stood up, and he said, Give him 10 of minus one.
And then the third one, I know, fourth one, and the fifth one, until Amanda Neff, a march said, I managed to read the Quran for timestream in that month, because all of the students what they're doing, they're giving him 10 of the verses each. So he's able to read enough so that he can make sufficient progress and finish the Quran four times during that month. And then he left and he went back to Egypt and he passed away in the year 197 of the map. It's amazing. You know, that type of determination, that zeal, the enthusiasm, that passion, and that willingness to find a way even when it seems like all of the doors are closed? He wasn't willing to take no for an answer. He found a
way to study with those Imams and with those scholars. And this is something which is very common.
So that's the first mm hmm and is based in Medina and his two main students are called on and watch. The second of the tempura is a man by the name of ebru kaseya not even considered the spell of Tafseer. They often get confused between the two, but you've been given the sort of Tafseer lived like hundreds of hundreds of years later, he passed away in August 7, something like 758 or something like that, or maybe even later, this has been configured, who was born in 45, the 45th of the hinterland and he passed away in the year 120 and he's from Mecca. And his his narrow his link to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that from his teachers, his Mujahid Rahim Allah, the
famous scholar of Tafseer. And when James is obviously a student of economics, and our best policy is a companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So he's from the students of Medina. He was the former student of Mr. Abbas rhodiola, one human, and he said that his origin was that he was Persian.
And when even even Solomon Mujahid Rahim Allah passed away in the 103 of the hijra, even considered became the Imam of Mecca, right because Medina was the mama Koran and so on. When he passed away even Kafeel took his place until his own death in the year 120. And it said that image met a number of the companions like even as obey, and W and ns even nomadic bragi Alexandrovich Mary Sophia, Alina Rahim Allah used to say that there is no one in Mecca who is more knowledgeable about the Quran, they live in caves here and it said that even caffeine before he would teach people the Quran, he will always give them a reminder about the importance and so on. And then He will teach
them about the Quran. And he died as we said in the year 120 of the hatred. He has two students. The first of his students is a man by the name of Allah busy, busy, and his name is Ahmed Abu Mohammed. And one of his forefathers. His name was Abu bezer. So he became known as El presidente, born in the year 117, passed away in the year 200 and
50 of the hijra, and he was one of the two main students haven't been the Cathedral and the party of Mecca. And he was one of the more evidence of the heart of it said that he gave a van in the heart of the mecca for 40 years. For 40 years, he was one of the ovens of the heart of the Mecca. The second student of even Kafeel is a man by the name of
is also a nickname. his actual name is Mohammed Ibrahim the Rockman weapon born in Arabic language means watch.
No, no, this modern Arabic language has been booming.
boom, boom, boom,
boom, boom. So it said that it's either comes from a tribe. My name comes from a tribe known as the parabola. Or it comes from a medicine that he used to eat a lot of because he had an illness. And he used to use a medicine called Ponyville. And so the people used to talk funny enough for his medicine and became known as
he was born in the year 195, when he passed away in the year 291 of the hatred. So even Cathy Rahim, Allah has these two,
these two students are busy. And
by the way, the restriction of matter No, the rest of the watch is something which is well known. I think most of us have heard of wash. pollun is also something which is fairly familiar to me often. You know, the one that normally leads to Salah. He often recites in Berlin.
Even kassian is a recitation, which you don't hear very often. It's not one of the common recitations. It's not really somewhere like this, one of the ones that have kind of become obscure, there's not many, many Muslim lands that read in the restitutionary. Bin, Kathy, but one of the things that even if he does in his recitation, and one of the ways that you know, that it's there is a theme is that he often when there is a meme of Gemma, the meme of to show and denote a plural, he often put Obama on. So for example, he will say Sarah Palin, unfairly, he moved.
He moved. He doesn't say him, he says, Lee,
right, and to move a shot to hell on me summer. Whenever there's a tomb or a comb, or a womb, he doesn't use it as a womb, he put a gun monitor is a cool tool.
And that's one of the easiest ways of noticing his recitation of history.
So there is a big difference between power wash and wash. There is a big difference alone actually has many variations within it. It is, in some of its forms very similar to house, not much of a difference, whereas wash is well known for Moodle. Makes everything long. Right? And so it's something which which goes completely different to carlone in the sense that he has a lot of Moodle, right. So he that's the one that you hear. There's always a mud mic in the lilina furusawa Li Mo
de humo like mud, mud, mud mud. So he's like doing a lot of Moodle. But his problem doesn't have that.
The third party is the terror of Obama and the third party, his name is Obama. And he was from Basra. And his name was a ban other than Obama is obviously his kuhnian and his his net if you like back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that his teachers are from his teachers are the likes of Akbar and crema and her husband and these are the major scholars of the tiberian who in turn studied with the likes of bass and even was ruled by the Lagrangian. So his teachers of the students of the companions also, he was born in Mecca, it is said either in the 68 or 70 of the digital, but then he moved fairly early on to Botswana, and that's where he grew up and where he
remained for the majority of his life. And he became the Imam of Quran or the Imam of Quran in Basra during his lifetime. And his lifetime also coincided with these you know, major scholars are part a key man has to be one of these famous scholars
of Islam. It said the Roman
law one day came into the mystery that he saw
so many people surrounding a Brahma Brahma Tisha Khurana there's so many people like any mammal has an imbecile he was so amazed by the multitude of people around him that he said La ilaha illAllah is
It's almost as if the scholar is like the halifa. right because of all of the people that are around him, surrounding him and learning from him. Even just that he Rahim Allah tala and others, they said we will Josie as well. This particular Josie. He said the agua amorous recitation became prevalent during my time. So in an emergency, I think lived in the sixth century of Islam. He said that the restitution of avoidable spread in my time to a sham and Yemen and Egypt and Mecca and Medina. So like today have is like more or less all over the world. He said, in my time, there was the recitation of Obama.
And Obama died in the past during the 154 of the Hydra Rahim Allah Tada.
He had two students, the first student or many students, but the two that are well known for pure art, the first of them is a man by the name of a duty whose name was have similar amadablam disease. A duty is the area that he came from in a place for about that. And it said that he was one of the first spawners ever to write a book in karate. So this call of duty was one of the first scholars ever to write a book in color art and illustration during the year 246 of the HR 246. Now adoree is one of those colors, one of those imams of
the had more than one teacher. He studied with Obama. And he also studied with one of the other recyclers, that's number seven on the list, a man by the name of the membership site. So he narrates from both of them. So like what you asked before, do we have to say wash a napkin? For him, you would say, to differentiate between these two teach that dude, he had two teachers, both of them, you recite the Quran, you see a Dory on Obama, a duty on Al Qaeda. He's one of those that had two teachers that we still read for the second student of Obama is a sushi a sushi whose name was solid enthusiatic. Abdullah, born in the year 173, passed away in the year 261. And associate is the
famous for, you know, the one that that you'll hear sometimes being recited. And that's the one where, where there's two letters that are the same in two separate words, he merges them together, like, for example, are Rahmani Raheem, Maliki omitting, so he doesn't say Rahmani Raheem Maliki, why he doesn't use them as two separate means. He merges them
Rahmani Raheem, Maliki Alam taraki
ilimitado Cave cave, a fella cave.
He makes it one emerges. There's two letters that are the same. And there's obviously exceptions to this rule. But generally when there's two letters that are in two separate words, he merges the V does the most merging for all the raw. He's the one that you'll hear if you hear someone doing that, you know, okay, he's reciting in the recitation of Lima, reassociate.
and 73261. The fourth Imam is ignore me. Even though
Rahim Allah tala and he was based in Damascus. So you can see Napa was in Medina, even Kafeel is in Mecca, brahmanas and bussola. Ahmed is in Damascus. And he was his link back to the facilities that he was from the students of the companions himself. He studied with the famous Companion of the
Prophet sallallahu, Angkor Wat, Akbar. And, as we said, it's a companion who are not sent to domestics to teach the people. It said that there's a difference of opinion as to when he was born simulation, seeing the effects of the hero, some say the 21st you have the hatred, and so on and so forth. There is a difference of opinion. But that makes him from the temporary. It said that when,
the alarm rang, when he came to Damascus, the way that he would teach the people is that he would go to the central Mosque of Damascus, what is known as today as the gender of the memory. And he would sit there after the heart. And all of the people who would come study the Quran, he would put them into groups of 10 circles of 10. And at the head of every group, he would have one teacher.
And he himself would go and sit on the minbar. So if in that group of 10, as they're reciting, they're taking you by turns one by one. If someone made a mistake, the teacher would correct them. Right the group of 10 the teacher corrects them. And if the teacher is unsure, when they make a mistake, they will go back to the data on the member and he would correct them.
it in January. So without the love your loved one passed away, who took his place, even the student right from all of those
different teachers. Abraham was the one who took his place and his name was Abdullah. That's his full name and Billa environment. And as we said this difference of opinion as to when he was born, he passed away in Damascus in the year 118. of the HR.
He had two students. The first of his students is a man by the name of a sham even though he Shama Mark was born in the year 153 passed away in the year 245 of the hedgerow
and he became the Imam of Damascus after Ebner hammer passed away, Rahim Allah Tada. One of the interesting things about a sham also is that he was a prolific writer of Hadith. So that's not always the case. imams of Quran, aren't necessarily imams of Hadith on writs of Hadith, but he Sham is one of those who was so he's, for example from the students of uma Malik, and is from the teachers of remember Buhari, and a Buddha would say, and many of the famous scholars of Hadith. There's a an interesting story of a sham. When he first went to study with him, American Medina, he came to America and he was young in age, and the entity the question of the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam and as we know, in America, many, many students, we had many, many students that would come and they would study with him. And he was young in age. So when he came to America, and he said, Oh, man, I've come to you to study, I want to learn Hadith from you. In my Malik said, Why are the children coming to me? Right? Because you know, Malik had this thing that if you can remember Matic and union age, you had to go to a student's first you will study with him, and then when they would finish with you, or you pass from them or wherever it was, then you will go to the mathematical study. So you said, Why as a student, why has the boy come to me right, the child come
to me. So one of the students in America understood this, he took out he took the boy by the hand, took him outside the masjid. And, you know, he gave him a beating as well. Right just to make sure he understood the point. So in the mathematical law came out, he found him quite fun in crime.
So and he said, he shot him from Damascus better, he's a young lad maybe 10 1112 years old, and his father gathered his wealth, so that he could go for hygiene like in the company of the people leave from the masters and they go for actually would have saved trouble. And when he came to Medina, he came to him and Malik right. So, you can see my madikeri my Malik, sister, him, you know, whatever he says, and he gets beaten up outside by one of his students, and then when the mathematic comes out, find some crime. So this is why you claim he says, My father gathered his wealth, and he paid for me to come for Hajj. And they came for one of the reasons was so that when I come to Medina, I
will come to you and study Hadith. But all that you did was take me out to know that your student do did was beaten.
So in America, Hema, Allah felt sorry for him, when he saw him like this. So he said to him, I will narrate to you How many times did he hit you said 17 times. So he said, I will read you 17
for the 17 times that he structure I will read to you 17 Hadith, and then he carried on studying with him or he Mahalo to others.
The second student of ignore and so he shall is the first one the second one is, even though the quad even though the quad and even the quad and E Sham, after both of them became a member of the central mosque in Damascus, the general memory which is the main mosque in Damascus, it said that one of them was the fatigue. And the other one was the map. Right one of the students became the Imam. The other one became the hottie. So even though the clan whose full name is Abdullah Mohammed Al Bashir, he blew the quad. Born in the year 173, and passed away in the year 242. absorbe, was one of the famous scholars of that time he said that I didn't meet anyone in Iraq or in Mecca, Medina or
in a sham when Egypt was more knowledgeable about the recitation of the Quran than the blue one.
The fifth of the tempura
Shama, the fifth of the era is a man by the name of Asad born in Kufa, and that stone that we read the recitation of Eman and acid and his link back to the Profit System is that his teachers are from the students of the company. So his teachers did it with even smoothie or the blue carrot, the blue tablet and others. His full name is RCP blue bandana, even dude. And he passed away. I don't know when he was born. It's not mentioned, but he passed away in the year 129 of the hedgerow.
One of the interesting things that I found in his biography is that it said that he was someone who was constantly praying, someone who would always be praying to the extent that if you went out of his house because he had to go and do something, you had a chore or you had some errands to run, and he passed by a Masjid. He would stop and he would go to the masjid and he would pray and then he would leave
He would carry on and when people would ask him, he would say my own issues can wait but the Salah doesn't wait, or he would go and he would pray. And because he was so well known from, from the sponsors of Quran, the tambourine because he's from that level, that generation of the temporary students of the companions is some of the tampereen, who was some of his teachers when they would see him, they would kiss his hand out of respect for him, because of the knowledge that he had of the Quran. He was asked how did you study the Quran? He said that I would go to a web document of Solomon, who was one of his teachers who was a student of the law firm. He said that I would go to a
web document astronomy and I would read the Quran from him. And then when I would leave, I would go to another scholar by the name of Zurich, no kobish from the from the students that have been misquoted. So he would go to one of the students of Ali and stood with him. And then he would go to the student of Eben Masood, and study with him and combine between the two or compare the two and see how both of them were cited. And as we said he passed away the year 129 of the hitter. He has two students,
or two famous students that we read from the first of them is sugar, sugar Yash Abu Salim, also famously known as Abu Bakar, even a Yash His name is Sharma born in the year 95. of the Hydra, and passed away in the 193 of the Hydra was approximately 9697 years old at the time of his death.
Not only is it which color have gone but he was an amazing scholar of Hadith Rahim Allah who tada
Abdullah Mubarak, the famous scholar of the Sunnah said, I never found anyone to be more eager to follow the Sunnah than Chaga. And in my mother in law said he is a scholar of the Quran, and a scholar of good and the blue marine marine said for 50 years he didn't sleep at night when he would spend his night awake. In installa. He said about himself that I would go to my teacher. For three years I studied with him and I would go to him whether it was raining, whether it was hot, whether it was cold, whatever the weather, I would go and I would study with him. And whenever I would finish in a mouse, he would say to me, what you have learned today, remember it, because it is
better than everything in this world and what it contains meaning these verses of the Quran that I taught you remember it because there is better in this world than anything than anything in this world in this world and everything within it. At the time of his death. One of his children came to him and they were crying because he was on his deathbed. And he said to him, or her, why are you crying? I finished the Quran 18,000 times in my life. I read the Quran from cover to cover 18,000 times don't you don't need to pray for me. Hello, Tada. The second student of your member asked him and that's the famous one that one that we all reciting is the recitation of human Huff's half's
even loosely man, even a movie, born in the year 90 of the hinterland of Kufa and passed away in the year 180 of the Hydra from the students of arson when he was also his stepson, stepson of human murase. And one of his two famous students. And that is the era that has today become prevalent across the vast majority of the world, right Muslim or non Muslim world more or less everywhere. It is the resolution of human paths. And there's an interesting discussion as to why this was a patient from all of the recitations right. As we said before, there was a time and recitation is prevalent, you know, the people of Medina had the recitation, Muhammad said, that's the best written recitation
to follow all of those things that we have in history. Why house right, and one of the reasons why an alarm soldier knows best is because in the time of the Ottomans, when the Ottomans to over the hill,
and publishing, you know, the publishing the printing press became established, and people started publishing books and spreading them across the world. And it became easier to to print, the era that was chosen by the Ottomans to print the Koran and to spread across the Muslim world was the era of house. Why the perhaps I don't know.
I don't know Allah, Allah knows best. But for some reason, they chose the Kirov house, and that's the one that they printed and spread across the Muslim world. And that's why he became the most prevalent one, to the extent that in Medina, the crab nafion is no longer recyclable. It's not the meat of the raw even kefir in Mecca. No, you know, I'm wearing buscando right, all of these are those in Damascus. No, it is now that era of hafs that's more or less taken over the Muslim world and that is the one that we are all reciting and that we are most familiar with. And that is obviously the you know, the the grace that a large soldier gives to so ever he runs a large religion
causes some things to
stand the test of time and others not to the sixth of the qura is a man by the name of Hamza
and his students or his chefs rather often the students of the students have even muscle. So he's two generations removed from even Mr. rhodiola one and will be able to carbon Timothy rabbit. His full name is Hamza Habib cofee born in the 80s and passed away in the year 156 Islam, so he is more or less Living in the Time of which famous Imam in Kufa, Abu hanifa
Imam Abu hanifa used to say to him Hamza, there are two things that you have surpassed me in two things that you have more knowledge about over me. The first is called an era presentation. And the second is
inheritance for we have more knowledge in this than me in these two issues. And he passed away as we said in year 156 of the years two famous students, the first of them is Hala and the second is Holla Holla. Even though he Shan born in the year 150. passed away in the year 229. And Bella dad from the students I remember Malik and from the teachers of a Muslim and a madman and imaginable devil honnef is a student of Hamza, but then he also has his own tiara.
So he's a student of aquatic and apart in his own right, and he's number 10 on the list. Right? So he's a student, and he's aquatic. So we have one student that is a student of to Cora. And then now we have a student who also has his own stand alone, there are mine. And how do you differentiate between the two? They say hello, when you say hello, it means the Hello as the student of Hamza, but when we speak about holidays, as the teacher, they say holla for the Arusha call of the 10th, meaning the 10th of the list. Hello, Alicia.
The other students of Hamza is Khaled. His full name is Khalid Mohammed, and he passed away in the year 220 of the future, and his date of birth or the year of his birth isn't mentioned. The seventh of the tempura is emammal khesari, whose name is Hamza and Kofi ltci. And he's also his teachers also from the students of the students of avian Miss Rodin obey and say the fair bit about your love language and what you say as well as being a famous political and also a very famous scholar of
It is possible
now from Arabic grammar, as he said, he is one of the famous scholars of grammar along with CBA and those kinds of people. Elisa is one of the famous scholars of Arabic grammar born in the year 120 passed away in the year 189 of the hijra. Remember Schaeffer he said, Everyone is dependent upon kisai when it comes to Arabic grammar.
And he was one of the teachers of heroin or Rashid. He taught him and he taught him Arabic grammar as well.
Machito see the halifa he has two students. One of them is adoree. We mentioned adoree is one of the students of Obama. And the other one is applehead.
Harris, his name is Elisa muhaddith. History In the year 214. I'm just going to like
kind of quicken the pace.
The eighth story is Abuja from Abuja for his his name is Ed bukata. From Medina, he's from the tambourine. His teachers are in our buses from the students of
rhodiola and Roma. I don't know when he was born, but he passed away in year 130 of the hijra, and he was from the teachers of mathematic mathematics, and from him and so on. And he said about himself that I once met him selama are one of the ones with the professor Lim. And she made two and for me, and that's why I think that I excelled in this knowledge and in Oberon he would fast one day and he would break his fastball the mean he would faster fast of the wood or a sinner.
So as we said, passed away Do 130 years to finish students ignore Dan, whose name is received or dad passed away d 160. And even though Jim man whose name is Sonny, man, even Muslim, passed away in the 170 number nine in the list of the tempura is Yahoo from Basra. His name is Jacobi blue is how. And there's three generations between him and the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in terms of his recitation. He was born in the year 117 passed away in the year 205 of the hedgerow and after Obama passed away in Basra Jaco became the Imam of Porter
In Boston, he has two famous students are always and
always His name is Mohammed Raquel passed away in the year 2008.
The movement pastor in the year 233. And that brings us to the 10th. And the final one, and that is Khalid,
who, as we said, when he's a product recording polyphonic uship. And you know, we don't have already mentioned his biography, so we don't need to go through him. But he has two famous students his heart and Idris is happy Brahim passed away the 286. And it received abdicating passed away in the year 292 of the angel. So those are the 10 are raw, and the two, like each product with the two famous narrators. So when we basically come across the brand, and this is very common, as we'll see, and we say, as we said, women should we know if it is the bearer of always, always is one of the two students of
Yahoo yopu Mashallah, I just always was paying attention. Right. So your hope has two students, one of them was always he from all of the 20 that we just mentioned, the 20 variations is the only one that reads, woman shevlin. nappy 30. Right. What is the difference between after that an affair that anyone told me? Singapore? Right? So he makes it the singular. Everyone else recites in the plural? Why do they do that? And what does that mean? I think we should leave now to next week, simply because if we stop asking before, we'll be here for an hour. So
any questions? So I know that was like, slightly on a tangent and so on for the shala hopefully now, like we have a better understanding of this. And it's something which we can, and you know, have you more time I would have gone into how they all different different recitation and so on. But this isn't really a study session on the gorod. But maybe that's something Mashallah that we can do a different setting. Next week. Yeah, I don't think so. Okay. Yeah.
No, so the students have many of the teachers have many students, many, many students. These are the two that became famous. Right? They became famous for like a moment Buhari has many students, Mr. Muslim has many students, but their books, one rated by 1234, right? They became the famous students of these, like uma Malik has many students, but his method is reported by 100. Right? as many students but if you look at who reported from his method, it's only a handful. So that's how it worked, right? There are certain students that just became prominent and well known for these different sciences. So someone like Dr. Ford is a teacher of mathematics, right? My medic is one of
the students in many, many students. But there were a couple that just spent all of their time and effort in this science of Iran, they became famous for the toted because one of the reasons why they there's only a couple that are famous is because they actually sat and taught on a mathematical certainty score on the mathematics teachers how to write other scholars don't do these scholars actually sat and they taught their students. So we have a chain of narration member has to be motivated. So this is where the mutawatir chain comes from, right. Otherwise, there are no other other students and there are many of them right.
about, recitation is also narrated from other than nothing, and other people.
Yes, so now if it would have had many students that would have recited but how did it reach us? He reached us
so nerfed has many teachers and his teachers have you know, many companions that they they that they studied with
who's the one that sent them?
Any questions online?
and I think that's like coming into Lexington, which is a completely different science. And once you open that door, it becomes very like,
but it's something that you know, like something inshallah, which I hope is actually one of the things that you can all do, like, if you were interested in this is simply on YouTube, Shahab gurashi. The Sufi is one of the few reciters who has more or less a recitation in every single one, even if it's just 20 minutes, 30 minutes. And Marshall is an amazing chef. Anyway, some of that's come to Birmingham actually, a few times, I think and so on. And Charlotte, I think he comes here regularly to this Masjid, because they do like something in karate. If you type in For example, abdirashid Sophie wash business
animilitia, wherever you'll find the recitation of. So if you find, for example, a Sora, and you just listen to it, like open the Quran, you'll see the differences, not only in the rules of the jury, but also in the variations of the words here and there, the different variations that you have. And there's also by the way, that you can get just one, one Koran in Arabic of almost half that has and contains all of the variations of the template in the margins. So you have the page and in the margins, tones, you actually it's not an affair that is nepeta noise this year, this dance, all right, that's if you want to, and it's available as a PDF, they don't buy it.
Yeah, so the processor would reset one of them.
He would read in all of them, because all of them go back to these components to go back to the processor.
And these obviously, when it comes to the words, there are variations in the Arabic language as well, right? So we have plural, and we have singular, we have you know,
whatever the variations are, they the either emphasize something more or, you know, there's like a variation, as we go through that will speak about the meaning between those variations
that you mentioned.
But some of these words, not just dramatically, but they actually change the meaning.
doesn't totally change, they complement each other. So mannequin medic Kingdom owner complement each other. And we mentioned this and so on us when he spoke about why, in fact, how can you read it both ways, but it's so nice, you can only see medical illness, right? Because there's a compliment, complimentary form. In fact, that doesn't exist in the meaning of Serato. So yes, there are changes. But remember, because the manuscript has to be conformed, there is there, the variation is limited. It's limited in how much you can change it. And so there will be something like Madigan medic own and King. Yes, it is two different words, but both of them also complement each other.
It was initially written.
So in from the sciences, and again, these are the sciences that have become lost over time, very few people study. And then the sciences, one of those Sciences is called Mr. Russell. Russell Means script, the science of the script. The scholars of the past itself have books on this telling you have that you're allowed to read, write the script.
There are books on the script of the grammar, our religions, amazing, even to the level of how you write out there are books that tell you the rules of which recital, right? So today, you know, most of us when you write a poem, you write the way that we normally write Arabic, because we don't really understand those rules of Russia. And that's okay. You know, I think inshallah that's not something which is, you know, how I'm like that, because when I'm writing a book, or on camera, but actually, when you're writing as the Quran, there are rules. And it's called Eros and rasa means the form and the script. So many can Malik in the Quran if you were to like, get the Quran now, and I
don't have like a PowerPoint to show you this. But I think most of us memorize that page. It is written exactly the same way in a Koran that it's printed in wash, has the script of wash the love affair on top. But in house, what do they put on top, the small lF to show you Medicare and Medicaid, the form has changed. The script is the same. The second science, which again is another life sciences coloring book, Dr.
Bob is the science of vowels and
that's the one that tells you Oh, here you can do this or that right here, you can do all of this right? So for example, when a large soldier says in the sort of Toba in the last paragraph meaning and Kusama
Allah has bought from the believers the wealth of the souls and in return given them, gentlemen, you got unifi sebelas effect fighting the law for too long.
They are killed in the kill and other presentation for your turn, wanna work to learn? They are killed and they kill switches around anymore. Bob tells you you can do this and you can do that.
And it's taken from obviously all of these sciences complementing each other. But again, this is a whole different thing. You know, like I would really like to do like an overnight
but I think only like me and three people would say
Why? Why are we doing this? Right? Yeah.
So remember that fear is not the first person is not the inventor of the euro. He's only became a
Famous for the camera. Like remember Buhari didn't invent the hell he just famous as the one who, and there's many scholars before him underrated Heidi and recorded Howdy. Which one has famous
because Nadia has taken from so many components, so many scholars, when he's reading to his students, he's also giving them those variations. Right? So Paulo has taken one of those variations, washes take the view,
or maybe like a couple of them, maybe, but that's the one that's like he is known value. So remember, remember, as we celebrate just that he came in, he said, I got the 980 different wings, right? So for example, you know, like, I'm gonna study technical now. But if, for example, it helps my house every time there's a math if you read According to him, I'm shocked in his version. Every time there's a math, you have to make the math. You don't have a choice have to make them an email yesterday because he gathered so many different variations that no actually a member have also has a way that in some methods, you can make it short. Right? Sometimes you can't, but you can. So you
know, like an offer. Now. That's what what people do when they're reading. They make settlements short. Even though it's written in the script. It's written with the man in the Quran in the Mustapha Medina, it's written with the man, but it's an optional man. But you have the jasmine fossen and all of that stuff with why the difference, the amount of shock and irritation, you don't have a choice. But in Eman, immunogenicity, because he gathered more very, very, very unpleasant chains and so on. He said you can write and, and that's like, where it starts becoming a science. And that's why people have dedicated their lives to it. And there's faculties about this because it
starts to become obviously more in depth and more technical. And the levels best.
got enough of drop today. Does that sound okay, shall I?
Yeah, so if everyone can just give me one minute, we're just going to log off and then I have an answer for all of you here.
next week, we shall we have a double lesson.
So one of the commitments that we made when we started this program was additional every single week without fail for the term like until like Ramadan, there will always be a lesson, right? in two weeks time, we have the winter conference that we need Masjid, which the Tuesday for that is Christmas Day this year. So because I have the conference there, what we will do next week is we will have a double lesson. The first one will be live streamed. The second one is a live stream this recorded to be paid for Christmas Day, but because I won't be there. Right? It's I'm not going to be here, by the way on Christmas Day. So we'll double we're doing a double lesson. So you have a
choice. You know, next week after the first lesson, you can stay for the second lesson if you wish, or you can leave if you you know if you're busy and you can watch it the following week with a romance subject, but there won't be a lesson on Christmas Day. But we're doing the double lesson in its place in Charlotte next week. So what we'll do is we'll record the first one that will pause like we did now. Then we'll stop the recording and you know, I'll carry on the shower. Okay, so just to let you know, that's what's happening next week in Buffalo.