The British Raj (Uncut)
Channel: Adnan Rashid
File Size: 126.54MB
we can start now then.
Now I've got some tips. I can talk about this topic inshallah.
Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah My bad, I will do will lie Samir elimina shaytani R rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem Omar also naka de la maternidad I mean
follow us all Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa salam Bolivar new Elia respected brothers and those sisters who will be listening to this later on A salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I welcome you all to this very important topic. The topic of the day is the British Raj, Pakistan or India. How did we get here? How did we get here? Okay.
History is a very important subject which we have collectively neglected. criminally. The Muslims have today
neglected the history to the extent that most of us, the overwhelming majority of us are not aware of our basic history facts. If you were to walk into a masjid, and ask people questions about basic history of Islam, including the life of the prophet Sallallahu sallam, most Muslims will struggle to answer the question. And the irony is, our entire faith is based upon history.
Our entire faith is based upon history and appreciation of history, our study of history
and learning history.
Because what is Islam? Islam is based upon precedent.
precedent, what is precedent? precedent is an example. That is what he means. precedent means an example, something that's happened before.
And when we look at the life of the promises Salam, it is a precedent for us. Allah tells us in the Quran, how do we learn chatango regime is on the Rahim locket, Karnala computers who Allah He also atone Hassan in his life, you will find a good model SallAllahu earlier Salam in the life of the prophet Sallallahu sallam. So Allah is telling us to study his life. In other words,
then Allah tells us the stories of the prophets in the Quran repeatedly. Some say 30 to 40% of the Quran is the Stories of the Prophets to set a precedent for people like us, so that we can learn the histories and take lessons. Then Allah tells us in the Quran repeatedly see ruville art from Guru cave akana aka butter, mocha DVM, go in the line and see what happened to those who came before you.
And then we cannot know anything about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his companions and the followers and the followers unless we studied the history
which which is what we call Elmer Hadith.
And then followed by Elmer, Rajon,
or al hadith is actually dependent on Elmer ritual, your Hadith science, your history of the prophet comes through men, and these men, even these men, we have to study. So the point I'm trying to make is that history is life.
It is identity.
It is your faith.
If you don't study history, you're cut off.
You're like a lost child, in a great desert, without any navigation, without any tools for you to find the way and what happens to such a child.
Even adults don't survive in such circumstances.
So that's why we have to study history. I keep emphasizing this, you want to rise again. You want to taste the glory of Islam.
You want to see Islam flourish, as a global power, as a civilization as a torchbearer of education as a torchbearer of morality and ethics. You want your people to be great your scholars to teach once again in global libraries and universities and institutions, then you have to know what happened before you were born. What were the Muslims doing before in that light, we will conduct this lecture today.
Why are we talking about the British Raj because it is directly relevant to the history of
your ancestors, when I say your I mean the majority of you majority of you are from the subcontinent the Indian subcontinent right, what we call the Indian subcontinent. Collectively,
the subcontinent consists of three countries, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh
right. So, your history your ancestors
the British rule in India
for nearly 200 years. So, what is the British Raj? The British Raj is basically to simplify
is the period when the British rule India
Raj means rule in simple terms, Raj means rule the British rule in India.
So, the British ruled India from the mid 18th century, to the mid 20th century, for at least 200 years.
In the first 100 years, parts of India, significant parts of India were ruled by the British
by a company called the East India Company.
And it is a misconception that people think that this company was ruling independently without the British government or the ruling establishment of Britain at the time behind it. No, that's a misconception, because the East India Company
was no doubt a business establishment.
It came to trade in India as a company
as a trading entity. But later on it became a ruling entity. It had a private military of its own.
It was directly supported by the British government of the time.
British MPs, the British ruling class in Britain, were directly involved in the profits of this company. In fact, 24% of the shares of this company at times different times the amount fluctuated, of course, but an 18th century, in the late 18th century, late 1700s 24% of the shares
of this company were owned by brilliant beasts.
This is why it took so long for slavery to be abolished in the West Indies.
Why was slavery not abolished earlier is a very good question.
Atlantic slave trade one of the was one of the most brutal episodes in human history, people talk about the Holocaust. People talk about other catastrophes, people talk about the one that that I want and genocide and things like that. But do you know one of the greatest catastrophes in human history, one of the greatest injustices
one of the greatest disasters in human history was the Atlantic slave trade, whereby close to 100 million human beings were kidnapped. From West African coasts, taken across the Atlantic Ocean, put into slavery and killed off.
Only 6% went to North America 94% of them went to Central America and South America.
They trace cannot be found.
for 400 years from the year 1450 to 1850. This trend continued. There are estimates that close to 100 million people were taken across the Atlantic in these four centuries. The minimum number is 11 million. The maximum number is 100 million anyway, between 11 to 100 million people
were taken from their homes.
And the afro Americans you see today in the US fighting for the rights to this day. Under this movement called Black Lives Matter. are the descendants of those people taken by force against the wishes. They lost the identity. The history was cut off completely. Some of them are Muslim scholars, by the way.
Some of the one Muslim scholars taken from West Africa from places like Senegal and Gambia they were Muslim scholars. There is a book I highly recommend for you all to study in this regard. It is titled servants of Allah, servants of Allah. It is authored by
I have an American,
Afro American scholar. Her name is Silvia an
ad off. She has authored this book. That's not my topic today. By the way, the reason why I mentioned that was that the British MPs were already debating in the late 18th century to abolish slave trade. The reason why the abolitionists were finding it so difficult to do so because many of these MPs had stakes in West Indies. In those plantations, they were making a lot of money from sugar plantations, in the West Indies. And that's why slavery was absolutely instrumental to keep that trade alive.
This is why people like William Wilberforce, and Thomas Clarkson and the list goes on. Fine found it so difficult to abolish slave trade. Likewise, the East India Company and its atrocities were kind of, you know,
tolerated, because many of the British MPs at the time had stakes in this company. So this company was established in the 16th century, late 1500s. In fact, in the year 1600, Queen Elizabeth the first officially, basically, you can say, initiated this company and gave permissions for this English company to train. These were basically merchants using ships and vessels to go around the world to do trade. So, this is how colonialism actually started.
Okay, it started with trade. These European explorers, the Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and the British, they went out, traveling through the seas, and they found their way into these lands. They established colonies, they started trading with the locals and they realized the locals are not being ruled by strong entities, where they found the locals to be weak, they overpower them militarily and occupied territories. Hence, these colonies like Australia,
South Africa, South Africa, much of East Africa and Central Africa, okay. And India later on, not initially, because when the British came into India, in the early 17th century,
they had realized that the moguls are far more powerful than they had encountered any other power around the world. The Mongols were a central Asian dynasty established in the 16th century. In India, the first Mughal emperors, a hidden Baba defeated the already existing Muslim dynasty called the daily Sultanate, okay, or the remnants of it. The Lodi dynasty was removed by the Mughals cut the long story short, he comes to power and then sport, the Mughal dynasty was established. The topic is not the moral dynasty so I'm not going to go into the details just know that the Mughal dynasty was established in 1526. When they redeem Muhammad Baba the first Mughal Emperor took
Northern India or much of northern India from another Muslim dynasty called the Lord these.
they came to power and they became more and more powerful.
The third Mughal Emperor Akbar,
gelato de Muhammad Akbar, who was a very controversial figure no doubt, he expanded the mobile territories. Then his grandson, Shah Jahan also expanded the territories. Then the son of Shah Jahan Orangevale give the most powerful mobile emperor to sit on the Mughal throne, expanded the territory as far as Southern India, he ruled 95% of India.
He was the only Muslim king to rule that that much territory in the the Muslim history of India, orang Zivame Gi, who ruled from 1658 to 77
when he died in 77, as an 89 years old man, having ruled for nearly 50 years, he left behind a very powerful India, even though it was weakened by continuous war in the south, he fought rebels
in Southern India for nearly 25 years. And that weakened state no doubt because the territory was too large. He never came back to Delhi, the city of Delhi for 25 years. He remained in the south, fighting all these wars, trying to subdue Murata rebels.
He died in 1707 when he died.
one of the richest countries in the world. His treasury
was bigger than all the European kings put together. All of the treasuries put together. The treasure of orang de Belem gear, his possessions, the wealth he had, and the military prowess and all things necessary to rule. His ability is capacity was bigger than all the European kings put together.
And India had 24% of global wealth.
India basically offered 24% of global GDP. Bizarre rich India was, it was a powerhouse. It's very powerful, very, very powerful. And a lot of people ask this question that if any of us are rich and powerful, why didn't they lead the world in technology, like the Europeans did during the Renaissance?
The answer to this question is
that when empires are powerful when they possess so much gold, that they don't need to produce scientists to invent things for them to go and start looking into
prospects or making money or bringing money or bringing provisions, they just buy things. For example, you may be thinking, why don't the catteries produce scientists, or the Sultana Brunei, and these people are so rich, they just go and buy the latest technology.
The best cars, the best jets, the best devices, the best phones, you name it, they have the money to go and buy it. So as they say, necessity is the mother of invention. Europe was very poor. Europeans were struggling. They were very, very poor, in the 15th, and the 16th century. This is why they produced many thinkers and scientists who were experimenting so that the people of the land can find ways to manufacture things to have some kind of industry whereby they can become rich and prosperous. The Mughals are already very rich. So that's why they were buying European technology. They had European guns. They bought many, many European items, whatever good or handy came from
Europe, they possessed it, because they are so much money. And they produce their own stuff. They are their own technologies, local technologies. India was supplying cloth to the whole world. The best cotton was coming from India in the world.
As early as the Roman period, there are Roman historians, Pliny the Elder, he mentions that there was a debate in the Roman Senate
that Roman Roman women are so fond of Indian cloth that a lot of Roman gold is being shipped off to India to buy this cloth.
So Indians were supplying cloth to the world up to the point when the Mughals were ruling.
So what changed is the question, how did the British come to power
the British came to power simply by chance.
By chance, it so happened, that there was a vacuum left for them to fill, and they came and filled the vacuum, they could not in their wildest of dreams, imagine to rule parts of India, let alone all of India. I will repeat the British merchants, the British East India Company officers could not imagine ruling parts of India, let alone ruling all of India
and they managed to rule all of India, no doubt. So how did this happen? Very quickly, I will explain that when Oregon alum Gil Rahmatullah Lee passed away in the year 77. His successors could not hold on to power. This is another topic in itself is a huge topic. You see, every single sentence brothers I will utter today in your presence, has a book behind it. I'm not saying I read all those books. But I'm trying to explain how vast this topic is. How vast the topic of the British rule in India is, how vast the mobile history is, how vast each and every single region and the history is. So this is why I'm giving you snippets glimpses in to
these vast histories. So what you will have to do is to go and read books so that you can actually learn more about this history and teach your children and it is very important for you to for you to know what happened in India and what you face today in your country.
The reason you're sitting here in Britain
is because you are economic immigrants. You are economic immigrants. Most of your parents came here to live better lives, whatever that means.
They came from Pakistan, Bangladesh, India to live in. And other parts, maybe Egypt and Morocco and Algeria depending on where you come from, you came here as economic immigrants, unless you are exceptions, right. And the reason why we why you sit here is because your countries do not offer you what you find here.
Right? Otherwise you would be in your countries, you will be living with your relatives, your uncle's recharge your body and your mama, right? You will be sitting with them
and have a bonfire every evening and have you know those chats? You know, in your villages? I don't know if you've experienced that, right. But you're here, because obviously you find this place to be better economically, which suits your needs better.
Now, you're British citizens, you're part, your part and parcel of the of this country, you are
a very integral part of the social fabric of this country. But how did this all start? How did your countries end up in the state they are in today?
Why is this so much? Why is there so much corruption?
Why is this so much poverty?
Why are they in this state?
You want to stop?
So, this is a very important point.
To understand why you're here today, you need to understand what happened before you were born, or before your grandparents were born. What happened? What caused these circumstances for your parents and your grandparents to come to these countries and start working in factories, start driving taxis and start delivering pizzas.
And in some cases, Alhamdulillah education came you you know, mashallah made a good life. A doctors engineers. Yeah. Allah forbid politicians. God forbid, okay, because we don't see any good ones, unfortunately. Right? Yeah.
Anything else is better, inshallah and anything else? Yeah. It's better to do something useful. And something beneficial for your people then become a source of
a source of embarrassed embarrassment for your communities. So
that's why it's so important for you to understand the British Raj. So the Mughals declined the Mughals after orderings Mr. Lamb here, his descendants could not hold on to power. Within 50 years after his death. He dies in 1707. In 1557, sorry, 1757 A died in 1707. In 1757, exactly 50 years later, a battle takes place in Bengal, between the Mughal governor of Bengal, Nawab Siraj UD daulah, a young
young man in his early 20s, ruling Bengal, the richest province province in the world, not only in India, by the way, the richest province in the world, Bengal were the richest province, economically agriculturally Bengal was the richest place in the world full stop period. This is why the British were so interested in Bengal was the breadbasket of the Mughal empire.
When Vanguard was lost, the Mughal empire crumbled, it collapsed economically financially, when you do not have
agriculture or economics behind you. You cannot pay militaries you cannot pay armies. When you cannot pay armies, soldiers, you cannot run a state. And this is what happened to the Mughals. So the British had established trading posts in the 17th century, having
acquired permissions from Mughal emperors respectively, one after another. It started with a junkie it started with jonckheere Mughal Emperor jonckheere.
So the early British East India Company officers traders got some permissions to trade at the port of Surah In current day Gujarat, so they established a trading post in Zurich. They got permissions to trade. Then came Shah Jehan, and orange Zane. So they established more trading posts in places like Madras
And Calcutta. So there were three main hubs of British activity as far as trading was concerned. Are you listening to me? You read me, it's gonna get far more interesting inshallah we're coming to the interesting the juicy bits very soon inshallah Okay, so that you understand what happened. So these trading posts were spread all over India Seurat is on the west coast, Madras is in southeast, then Calcutta is basically the east coast or the East Eastern territory of India. This is where the British establish their pores. So they were trading initially in quantum, they'll take taking cloth and spices. Actually cotton came later. The first incentive for the British traders was spices,
Indian spices, there were no refrigerators in Britain at the time to preserve foods, they needed spices, it was a necessity. In fact, it is estimated that clubs you know what clubs are?
Your club is
longer, long beer, let me say it in your language long.
Okay, clubs were weighed in against gold. This is how important clubs were as a commodity. This is all valued. You know, today, you can walk into a shop and buy a kilo of clubs and do nothing right at that time. They were weighed against gold brothers.
Spices are so important for Europeans and they would travel from their lands, putting their lives in danger, go through all those see storms, and all sorts of difficulties. You know, avoiding pirates and all of that. There was a lot of piracy. The Portuguese pioneered piracy. The Portuguese controlled the sea, right? The Mughals they were weak in one thing, and that was they did not have any Navy. The Ottomans did. The Ottomans completely occupied the Mediterranean Sea. So the Europeans could not do anything in the middle of Mediterranean Sea. So they had to find routes around the Ottoman piracy. They had to find routes, the Ottoman Mujahideen In other words, right. So they were
you know, people like Barbarossa
yet very famous Ottoman Admiral.
And as far as they were concerned, they were waging, waging jihad against these European powers, hostile European powers, okay. And this jihad
of the Ottomans put the Europeans in a really real funny situation.
And what happened in Europe at that time because of the Ottomans is another story. Even Queen Elizabeth the first joined this jihad.
Right, she became an ally of the Ottoman Sultans, those who are ruling at her time. There is a book as well, you should check it out the Queen and the Sultan, check the title of the Queen and the Sultan, right. How the British Queen because European establishing the establishment Catholics were against her the church or the gates. She was a Protestant queen, the Catholics. This is why the Spanish King Philip the Second sent and our armada of hundreds of ships to invading led in 1588.
Hence the famous Spanish Armada, the destruction of Spanish Armada 1588. You must have studied this history at school, right? Okay. So the Europeans are looking for alternative routes to trade. And they were looking, you know, Christopher Columbus was looking for India.
When he found
Indians, or the Red Indians, they were actually not Indians. He thought they were Indians, right? That's why they were called Red Indians. The Native Americans are called Red Indians for a reason why they called Red Indians. Is it an accident? What do you think? This is not an accident? Because early explorers like Christopher Columbus and those who came after him, they thought these are Indians. This is India. We are actually in India. But India was 1000s of miles away. They were in America. It took them a very long time to understand and realize this is actually not India. This is another territory. Right. So Christopher Columbus was looking for a route to India. Why India?
Because India was so rich. It was so powerful. It was the hub of spices and cloth and all sorts of things.
It was the richest land in the world.
And when the Mughals took it, the mobile became the most powerful people in the world. And the Mughals did organize India as a powerhouse. No one could look at India. In fact, the British East India come
But he had
a small dispute with the morals when Orangevale. And he was the emperor. They tried to mess with the Mughals. And then Orangeville taught them a lesson. He sent an army.
And that army taught the East India Company a good lesson. And then they all came down to the knees, and they said, Please forgive us, let us continue trading. This is well documented historically. So they didn't, they didn't mess with the models, again, until they found the chance 50 years later, 50 years later, right. So these posts were established. And the British were biding their time they were doing the trading spices, clothes, and they were getting richer and richer by the day, they had a good system going, right. But then there were rivals as well, they were the Dutch, the Portuguese had taken Goa on western coast of India. And the Dutch were also around the French had also taken
in India. So there was rivalry between European powers and they continued to fight each other for a very long time.
But why did the British come on top is because the British
managed to get their hands on Bengal
they got the richest province in India.
So after the Mughal
Empire lost lost its its influence mainly because of mainly because of a Persian invasion in 1739. When the Persian ruler at the time Nadia Shah invaded in mobile India and devastated the city of Delhi. So, the spine of the models was broken. Unfortunately, they lost their prestige, they lost their Rob, they lost the influence. And since then, from 1739 onwards, the model went down very, very fast to the extent that nearly 20 years later,
many rebellions happened many territories in India were lost from the you know, the the movement was lost these territories, Murata was in central India, they started to take territories Murata was were a group of Hindus very disruptive, very very destructive, although today in India, they are you know,
hailed as heroes, some sort of historic heroes and movies are being made about them, but they were the most destructive force India has ever seen.
They did not discriminate between Hindus and Muslims when they committed atrocities. They were known for the destruction and wanton looting and raping and pillaging. They did not ask questions before the rate women
they raped Muslim and Hindu women equally. Murata has who are hailed as heroes today in the movies BJP, you know the current ruling party in India is trying to create heroes while they don't exist well, where they don't exist, you know, they're trying to create heroes because the heroes don't exist.
They're trying to fake heroes. They recently made another movie called pre three Rajmohan. All based upon fictional accounts, fictional accounts, no history, there is no history there. Even the movie they made on the Murata has an armature of Dolly bunny, but is full of you know, it makes you any historian of this serious student of history it will make his blood boil when you watch a movie like that.
Okay. So Murata has restarted to rise.
So long as aurantium was alive. They did not succeed in taking territories, they were fighting a guerrilla war against the models, no doubt they cause a lot of damage to the models, but they could not take territory so long as orange zero was alive or Xav die, his children could not hold on to power for whatever reason, another topic, but then the Murata has in the mid 18th century start to come up as a huge power
and a destructive power then the Sikhs start to take the Punjab
a lot of the territory in the Punjab region is taken by the Sikhs Okay, which is another history in itself what happened in the Punjab then we have the charts, the charts are taking again another Hindu entity taking a lot of territory. This is all happening in the mid 18th century 1750 1740s 50s 60s Okay, these two decades very, very important a lot of happened in these two decades. Right.
And then the British looking at all this in Calcutta and Madras in surah. They think Hold on a second. India
India's free for all. All of these groups are taking territory, why the hell are we waiting? What are we waiting for? So, under the guise of, I mean basically the pretext of
creating a private military to protect their own factories and or their own interests, they started to hire a private militia and they started to train this military mostly consisting of Indians, right.
So they had a private military.
While in India, a lot was happening at that time shower you love Delhi in Delhi was watching all of this, a scholar of Islam, a very, very big scholar of Islam. Shaohua Leo loved lb, he saw the mulatos are doing Murata is a devastating Muslim territories, they were destroying Muslim villages, Muslim cities, Muslims, you know, they were invading, and they were charging joke. Joke was a tax they were charging joke literally means 1/4 1/4. Right. So they will come into your territory and they will say, Okay, where is that short joke? Literally basically Jota from the word Jota. Chuck from the word for right. So they were basically charging 25% tax on anything. And if you didn't pay,
they would come and kill everyone burn everything. Rate everything. Okay, so, shower Lula looking at this situation, he wrote letters to the king of Afghanistan majali. And he asked him to come and rescue the Muslims of India. Long story short, okay. Plus, Sharia law had his own people
pushing for this conflict because he wanted a conflict with the monarch does. He want you to break the mulatos once and for all, and they succeeded. So in 1761, there was a battle battle called the Battle of party but in a place called money, but the mulatos were decimated in this battle by the Afghan coalition. These will have gone rulers within India, and from without India from Afghanistan. So the ruler of Afghanistan at the time, my child Dali, he came to India with his military, and then local Afghan rulers from northern India, such as the Nawab or the ruler of rohilkhand and Nawab Najib dollar, the ruler of najiba oak. He was also the Prime Minister, the Mughal Prime Minister at
the time, all of these people, they joined hands and Nawab Shuja Abdullah who was actually Shia, who was from the Persian stock, but the Afghans somehow convinced him to join them, because the Afghans told we told him that if you don't join us, you will have to join the Murat has. And if we win the war, you will not be spared. But if you join us, okay, and if we win, then you will be safe. So he had to make his calculations despite the fact that he was a shy and he didn't want to join the scrutiny of Ron's, but he joined for his own survival. And this was a huge you can say a Muslim coalition that fought the Murata the Murata has a completely decimated in 1751 This is what happened
on the other side in in Bengal, when moguls had lost power at center a lot of these Nevada governors Mughal rulers, they announced their independence from the center they announced their own states and this is why princely states in India came about you hear the names of the states today you know Bauval poor the state of Bahawalpur in currently Pakistan or the state of Bhopal. Okay, or the state of Hyderabad in Southern India, one of the richest states in the world. Okay. The richest man in the world was mudras man
who was the ruler of Hyderabad in the 1940s.
Okay, so these states princely states came about as a result of the decline and the fall of the Mughal empire. So the Mughals had declined at the center. The Mughal emperor had lost his power, many sat on the throne, and we're either killed or moved from the throne by force.
So, this young mogul, Prince came to the throne, his name was Ali Gore, also known as SHA, Allah, the second sha Allah, the second write, and I cannot tell his entire story here, because that will be that will be another lecture in itself, but I will mention him just passing. He was the Mughal emperor on the throne when the British took
the land of Bengal.
And he himself was struggling to come to power. He could not handle the situation around him, and he could not consolidate the Mogul power to his benefit, rather
He was losing more and more to all these factions who were arising in different regions at different times. So the British, they to defend the interests in Bengal. The Nawab, at the time was a young man who was very corrupt. I
mean, for I don't know why, for some reason, in the histories of Pakistan, and Bangladesh, he is seen as a hero Nawab Siraj UD daulah, he was actually a villain. He was actually a villain, he was not a good person, he was not a good man. In fact, he's one of the reasons why Bengal was lost to the British. Right? So he had a Vizio called mu Jaffa.
So maybe Jaffa
was disgruntled. He was not happy with the Nawab the young Nawab, who was a despot. So he pressed for taxes from the British. So the British said, okay, no taxes. So Nawab basically invaded the settlements, and ended up killing some people. He put them in a very dark room. He crammed all the British captives in a dark room. And then they all I mean, not all of them die, but many of them died. But this episode, this particular incident was so inflated, so over reported and exaggerated in Britain at the time, that it to this day, if you talk about the black hole of Calcutta, okay, Google it and you will think, Wow, this must be a great catastrophe. It was a catastrophe. But less
than 50 people die in this he crammed these British captives in a room they died of suffocation because it was hot. Right. Many survived many died. And this episode was so inflated and over reported in Britain at the time, okay to gain sympathy for what the East India Company offices are doing in Britain at the time, they started to basically support but these people were about to do in the future.
So the black hole of Calcutta was used to depose the den Nawab Siraj to dollar so Clive of India very famous,
infamous personality in the history of India. Clive, who came from humble origins in Britain, and ended up in India Calcutta serving for the East India Company decided to take on the Nirvana and his army. So long story short, Nevada's army was very big, it was 50,000 against 5000 British soldiers 50,000 There was no chance the British had no chance. But because the Nawab was betrayed as badly as he was, he was betrayed by his own was you call me as Jaffa he betrayed him. And as a result, the Battle of blasey in 1757 was lost. Okay and Nawab had to run for his life he was caught and he was killed. And then his vizier Muzaffer was put on the throne instead of the Nawab himself. So he
became the Nawab of Bengal. Right? So that's why to this day in India and Pakistan, the Muslims or the Indians in general, use this insult if you want to insult someone you may have Jaffa
you call him if Java Amil sodic I'll come to me sodic later, okay, me Java, to the extent that the point, he said
Java has been gol
sodic as Buchan Nanga de nongame millet, Nanga Watton basically he said that the Java Java bungle and the sodic of duckin of southern India basically they have no bean, they have no loyalty, they have no land basically. So, this is why these two names became because of the betrayal that became very infamous, right. So, Clive takes
he wins the battle and clearly now they have the confidence the British never had the East India Company have this confidence having defeated one of the most formidable formidable militaries in India right one of the richest provinces in India, they have defeated this they cannot believe what happened. So, now they have become they have become more confident, so confident that now, the East India Company wants to take on a coalition of mobile militaries. So, sha Allah the second the Mughal emperor in Delhi
and Nawab Shuja Dola from our
the state of our and new Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal in 1764. They form a coalition to fight the British East India Company in a very famous battle called the Battle of Buxar. In 1764, these two armies
meet face to face. General Monroe is leading the army in the Battle of boxer. And,
shockingly, three militaries of the Mughals are defeated. A coalition of three militaries from three different states defeated.
And this was the end of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The richest provinces of India. Now the Mughal Emperor by force in 1765, under the Treaty of Allahabad, he had to
relinquish the rights of taxation to the British in these provinces, the British, they could not believe their luck, they could not believe what they were seeing, they could not imagine this could ever happen in their lifetime. The East India Company is a trading company, now they have become a formidable military power in India, made immense money at the disposal. They became so rich that Clive when he defeated Nevada Rajala in 1757, that Clive that one person was given
250,000 pounds 250,000 British pounds sterling, I mean equal of course, an Indian rupees, but he was given 250,000 pounds as a present or as a gift, as a gesture of kindness from the new Nawab, middle Jaffa.
And you know what that money was? Do you can you imagine how much that money was in the 18th century? 250,000 pounds?
Can you imagine?
How much were the house in Britain?
In the 60s?
In the 1960s, how much of the house
about 5000 pounds
is granted. Go back to the 18th century, Clive became a billionaire overnight, but having won this battle, he became a billionaire. He collected all this money, it comes back to Britain buys land, buys states, okay, and buys a seat in the parliament. You know, at that time in the 18th century, you could actually if you had the money, you can buy a seat, you could actually buy a seat in the parliament. Okay, you didn't have to be elected. Okay. So, the process of election was different at that time and so, he bought a seat, but then he was impeached, he was put on trial for corruption, while acquiring all this money. So, the So, this Clive
Clive of India, he said to his questioners that I saw treasures in India beyond your imaginations.
vaults are open to me, filled with gold and precious jewels.
And these Indian bankers, Hindu bankers, and Muslim rulers, they would basically pay anything for a smile from me.
And yet, here I stand.
being put on trial for being moderate, basically saying I'm quite moderate, what I brought back with me is trivial is nothing in comparison to what I left behind. So, they sent Clive back in 1765, Clive was sent back to India to sort some problems out he comes back and a result of his coming back was the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765. And now the British had the hands on power, they could not imagine money, immense money coming from Bengal because all the factories all the economic a lot of economics are taking the you know, economic activity was taking place in Bengal cloth was being produced, there was rich agriculture. The goal is to this day is agriculturally the richest province
of India. Okay, so, the British had all this money, and then slowly and steadily they started to expand the territory. throughout India, they started to use rulers against rulers, they started to conspire, they got more and more elegant. Firstly, in the 18th century, the British were heavily inspired by the models because the models were very powerful. They had a very rich culture, they are rich art, they have rich language, rich poetry, rich philosophy, you name it, you look at you look at Islamic manuscripts of the Mughal period your your head will spin. When you look at those Persian manuscripts, written in the Persian language, Persian poetry of Hafeez Shirazi and some Indian
points in the Persian language during the Mughal period is going to spin your minds the philosophy those guys are writing the works on theology Hadees and Quran manuscripts gold illuminated you know, artwork, miniatures you look at are and the architecture. You if you look at the architecture, the Taj Mahal, everyone talks about the Taj Mahal but if you look at other things that created the red
forte, okay of Delhi and the badshahi Mosque of Lahore, and the shy fourth of the Lahore and the list goes on and on and on Mughal architecture, Fatehpur Sikri alone, and for the poor in India is going to really, really, really inspire you. So the Mughals created all of this, they had a very powerful ritual for these British merchants. And the officers when they came to India, they were completely mesmerized. They were blown away by by this pomp and glitter and culture and richness, they got immersed into this culture.
And they started to adopt the mobile culture. They started to dress like Mughals, you will see white men in India in the 18th century walking around in mobile clothes.
Right nowadays, you go to Pakistan, India, what do they want to look like? They want to look like the white man.
Right? Because the white man is politically yet economically dominant when I say the white man, I mean, the Western civilization. I mean, in a racist sense, right? I'm not talking in a racist sense and saying, you know, it is like in a civilizational term, you know,
so, they want to dress like the white man, okay, but the white man at that time in the in the 18th century wanted to dress like the Mogul, because the Mughal culture was dominant right. So a book has been written on this very topic by an English author, actually, Scottish is not English is William Dalrymple, William Dalrymple, has written a book titled The White malls, the white moguls. So, if you read this book, he shows you how a lot of these English white men working for East India Company and for their interest in different parts of India are adopting the Indian culture, there was no reason to be proud and haughty against the Indians, there was no reason to look down upon them,
because the Indians are so powerful and so rich and so, culturally vibrant.
It is only in the early 19th century when the white man in India became racist.
There very, very proud and had this sense of white supremacy and even religious supremacy. So, they started to look dormant, India was bled dry, by the East India Company in his policies, when Indians actually became poor because of this
foreign power that had occupied so much land. And so much intrigue was caused by this particular power, that the Indians will once upon a time, the richest people in the world became the poorest people in the world from 24% GDP for the GDP in the year 1700 Even up to the year 1800 It is said the GDP was 23% of the world. But by 1947, it came down to 4%
Okay, when the British left India, over 90% of the Indian population was below the poverty line.
So, what did the British do for Indians is the question for 200 years
they ruled India What did they do? So, at this time, a lot of a lot was happening So, long as people saw Pan was alive and other funeral freedom fighter, the British did not feel superior to the Indians, okay, they were still formidable powers resisting
the rise of British colonialism in India. Now, the British had the eyes set upon the entire subcontinent.
They were not satisfied with but Bihar, Bihar and Orissa and Bengal, they wanted to occupy all of India. So they started to cause intrigues within Indian states. So they started to cause the Murata to fight the lung exam and then his arm is fighting the state of my soul. And then the British are causing basically Long story short, the British are causing a lot of problems within India, so that they can we can all the local powers and then overpower their territories occupied territories. And this is exactly what happened. But one power in particular, was standing like a rock in their way.
And that was the state of my soul.
In southern India, ruled by a Muslim king called Hyder Ali hydralie was a Soldier of Fortune who rose to this very high position in the military of Mysore by
you know, performing extremely well for the Hindu ruler of the state.
And eventually he removed the Hindu ruler and he became the Sultan himself because he found him to be too weak. So
Begin the Sultan himself when he became the Sultan of the state of Mysore, a principality of 33 villages became a powerhouse in Southern India, ruling
1000s of square miles 1000s of square miles, okay, nearly 40,000 square miles. This territory was carved by Hyder Ali. He started in 1760s. And by 1780s, he was a formidable power. He defeated the British in major wars. The British saw no other threat in India other than hydralie and his young son called Sultan fratelli. Mohammed Peabo, also known as peoples have been born in 1751, the correct date of birth and he died or he was killed in battle shade in 1799. Right. So to Bhutan is a 17 years old, joined his father, on the battlefield, won many major battles. So in 1782, his father died of natural causes, right? And then he comes becomes the Sultan. So the British fear no one more
than people in India, they don't feel the mirages. They don't feel
that exam. They don't feel the Mughal emperor sitting in Delhi at that time. Charlaine the second he is already blinded. Okay, that's another story. They are looking at Mysore. And now Tebow is so clever. He's so astute, saw shoot politically, that he joins hands with the French who are also present in India for their own interest.
At this time, the French Revolution was going on when people saw Tom was the Sultan. So he would read very enthusiastically about the French Revolution. He would get the French to bring the books of French philosophers like Rousseau, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and he would read the philosophies sitting in India and Mysore.
And he had French soldiers generals working in his army. He had French ingenious teaching his men how to make weapons. So to Bhutan, it is factories was producing top of the range, best weapons in the world at the time.
In fact, it is recorded that he ordered cannons you know, guns, the so called guns at the time cannons right from the French, the French came.
And they looked at when when the when the when
the delivery was made, they open the guns and he said This is rubbish tables will bounce into. He said to the French engineers, this is rubbish. This is not useful. They said What do you mean? They laughed at him? They said, this is the best product in the world. The French they created this said okay, let me show you the best product in the world. He took them to his own factories. They saw his guns which were sold recently in a London auction in an auction called bonds. Bond hands Monahans aka Bo n h AMS check out people's Hutan weapons bonds you will see Google it you will see is guns is swords, is rifles produced in Sudan Gopuram in India, in Southern India, in his capital, the French
were completely blown away. When they looked at the quality of his weapons and said we cannot match this, you cannot match this.
So the British themselves, the East India Company officers and rulers and generals and military men they were saying if there is a match for the British in India, it is people to PA
Long story short, in 1790 there was another war between the British and to Bhutan. Three armies came against Him the Murata has done his arm and the British, the joint hands three militaries fought one ruler, and they took half his territory. He had to surrender two of his sons. He lost our he lost the war.
In 1792, he had to surrender two of his sons and pay the compensation for the war.
But then again, he did not stop his intrigues. He was even sending support to the American
independence. Founding Fathers, for example, to Bhutan was in correspondence with Thomas Jefferson, you know that if you're not, Thomas Jefferson is one of the founding fathers of America. He is the author of the Declaration of Independence 1776 The Declaration of Independence was authored by Thomas Jefferson DeBose will turn was in correspondence with them. He sent his is embassy to meet with him in France. Table photons embassy went to France to meet the French king
I think it was Louis the 16th. And then later on when he was deposed, he had correspondence going with Napoleon Bonaparte. People Sultan was corresponding with the Ottoman Sultan.
He was caught. He was corresponding with the king of Afghanistan, chars Amman, the grandson of Shah Am a Child Dali. He was, he was communicating with all important figures politically important in the world at the time to defeat the British East India Company in India.
Okay, and the British had realized through the spies, what Tebow is up to, in fact, you wouldn't believe this. But it is fascinating that in 1784, if I'm not mistaken, there was a naval battle between American Navy and the British Navy in America, near the state of Delaware. It is called the Battle of Delaware 1784.
right, four vessels on each side, four vessels on each side, the British had four vessels, the Americans had four vessel four vessels and one of the American vessels American vessel, one of the American vessels was called Hyder Ali.
It was named after the father of T proton. So there's clear evidence that Tebow was in direct correspondence with the founding fathers of American independence. Why? Because he wanted the British East India Company to be harmed globally. He wasn't fighting the East India Company in India alone, he was fighting this evil entity around the world. Why was it evil? I know Isha Isha time is up. So just give me four minutes Inshallah, do you mind brothers, I continue and I finish a stop and then we can pray sure Inshallah, okay. So
he was fighting all of these British interests around the world. So the British decided that something has to be done once and for all if we don't remove this man from power, we will lose India.
There is a potential to lose India, if we do not remove this man from power. Okay, long story short, in 1799. They bring the same coalition back then his arm, the Murata has, and the British to defeat him, and the overpower overpower him in this war, and he decides to fight and die in battle.
He decides to fight and die in battle. His servants is military generals tell him escape.
There were many escape routes. He was upon many, many escape routes, he could go to another city within his state, he had many cities. It was one of the richest states in India. Right? So one of his servants told him fooled by an escape.
And he said to him, Have you lost your mind? Have you lost your mind? Have you ever seen cover this from me? And then he fights and he gets shot a few times, in his arm, in His sight, and the bullet that killed him was in his temple, one of the British soldiers came not knowing he was the Sultan, put his hand on the belt, the sultan was waiting, which was studied with gems. So obviously, this was looting. So the British soldier when the sultan was injured lying on
with other dead bodies, he was there. So the British soldier reached out for the belt. And when he tried to take the belt, the Sultan with whatever strength he had in his body, he struck him with the sword again. Okay, and the soldiers stepped back and shot him in the temple or how to lay people's will dawn died on the battlefield, fighting for his right and for his people, and for his religion, most importantly, okay, there is a book on him. It is titled The tiger, the tiger, okay. And why, why he was called the tiger. You have to go and read the book. It is by Kate brittle back, Kate brittle bank. It is a very powerful book. It is a very good biography of people. So tan, you can
read it. So long story short, we're going to move forward very quickly. So the British having defeated two people, sometimes they get this confidence now they think okay, now we are superior. Our religion is superior. Our race is superior. Our economic tactics are superior our military tactics superior, we are superior to people. And then there are philosophers in Britain behind them who are writing philosophies that kind of inflate this sense of superiority. So the British administrators, British soldiers, British generals, British governor generals, they become racist. They openly express the racism
They start to marginalize Indians from all important posts, they put them aside. They don't want the Indians to have any important positions, especially after 1803 People Sultan warned all these local Indian rulers, you fight against me with the British watch what happens to you, you will all be enslaved one after another, one after another and it rings a bell in our current day and age, right. So, keep us both on one Nizam of Hyderabad you will be reduced to a slave to a step to the to to the status of a slave. The Murata has the page was he warned them, you do not join me against the British East India Company, you will be reduced to the status of being slaves and this is exactly
what happened in 1803. Having defeated people's will turn Mr. Murata in 1799. Four years later, the British defeat the Murata has in 1803, in the Battle of Aligarh. And the take the city of Delhi, in Delhi Now, last Mughal emperor or for the last unfortunate Mughal emperor, not the last,
the very last, the third larger concern Sharland, the second, who has already been on the throne for nearly four, I mean, more than four decades. So, when the British take daily in 1803,
the scholars of Islam are question now. And one of them was Shah Abdul Aziz, who was alive, the son of sha Allah Allah de la Rionda Lolly, what do we do?
The British have taken over and
what do we do? How do we So, he was of the opinion that
India now under the sway of the British dominion, because they are a Christian power, they are forced, they were in their occupied Muslim territory, India is Dharohar.
India is Dharohar. In other words, India is like a hostile territory now, for Muslims, it is hostile territory, that's what he said, right? So, even though he said there are freedoms, we are allowed, we are allowed our read our salah, other Islamic rituals are allowed, but we are under the dominion, this is the Muslims, this is a Muslim territory. So, this is basically because it's taken by a foreign occupying force, it is a hostile territory now, as far as we are concerned, right. So from 1803 to 1857, the next 50 years, almost 50 years, the British are becoming extremely oppressive, repeatedly against the Indians, the Hindus as well as the Muslims, Muslims more so because they were
more inferior Muslims and the Hindus, because the British East India Company knew that they have taken power from the Muslims, not from the Hindus. So the Muslims will always try to do something against our rule. Right. Long story short, in 1857, the volcano, the volcano of feelings are UPS how.
And, you know, there's always that straw that breaks the camel's back, as they say, right? There's always that strong, you're not getting bored brothers. Okay, we're gonna finish very soon so that we can appreciate each other. So give me a few more minutes, right. So there is always that straw that breaks the camel's back. And the straw at this time was, the British came up with this idea. And while all of this is taking place from 1803 to 18, Bucha in between this time, the British bring in missionaries, Christian missionaries, from Britain from different British persuasions, they come in and they start to convert or they try to convert using the mind of the government, because a lot of
government officials working for the East India Company till two, I mean, still up to this time, East India Company is ruling in name, okay, even though a lot of the people who are ruling are directly linked to the British government in Britain, but still the name that's being used as the ruling entity in India is the East India Company. Right? Okay. So the officers were coming in, a lot of them are actually Christian missionaries, right. These people are being given high positions in the government. One of them for example, is William Muir. William Muir was
a very important figure in British India in
the mid 19th century.
Why is he important?
Does anyone know who he is? William Muir. He was one of the orientalist who wrote an entire biography of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in four volumes. He wrote a biography of Rasulullah Solomon for volumes. Right. Then he wrote other histories of the Muslim like the history of caves, for example, and he was a Christian missionary.
And the peak of all of this took place in 1854, when a Christian missionary named founder, a German Christian missionary was preaching in the streets of Agra Agra was the Muslim capital, right? In northern India, he was preaching openly against Islam, challenging Muslim scholars. You know, your faith is a lie. It's all this is all that he wrote even a book in the oral language called Madonna, challenging Muslim scholars, Muslim scholars at the time in India, were not trained to deal with Christian polemics, they had no idea how to deal with this, right. Okay. So while founder is going around doing the causing these problems, backed by the government, no one can dare touch him. You
know why? Because the British government is behind him directly. So the missionaries were sent into India all over India, trying to convert the Indians. But these missionaries wrote specifically that Hindus, some of them from the lower classes, lower costs, they may convert, but the Muslims Forget it. There is no chance they're not leaving the faith under any circumstances. So that's why they became more hostile towards the Muslims, the missionaries, right. And they always cause problems as you know, probably even social media today. Nowadays, you can see what these missionaries are made off, right. Well, bunch of liars, the jars, okay, manipulators, all sorts of things, right? So they
were no different than in the 19th century. So this guy called founder, German missionary, he started calling problems. But Allah, when there is a fin on or when there's a shaytaan, there is also people working for a Rama, right? So what when I shaytaan like this is going around. There was a man called was he Rohan? He went from India, it came from India to Britain to study medicine, to study medicine, right? So when he's while he's studying medicine, here, he starts collecting books on Christianity. He starts reading commentaries on the Bible, when he's reading commentaries about look how Allah subhanaw taala. You don't know how Allah's people work, how Allah produces remedies
when there is a disease alive, also, at the same time, creating remedy. So as we run out of the blue, he come in, come ready to study medicine, right? And he starts studying Christian theological commentaries, and then he gets exposed to all these catastrophes and disasters for the Christians, right, all the corruption of the Bible. And, you know, the changes and changes in the Bible and all the theological issues that came up and Christians themselves are writing books to highlight these things. So he brought all these books back to to India with him. So he met a scholar Khalid Sheikh Rahmatullah Khurana.
Okay. And he went to the sheikh, and he said, Shia, this Shavon is challenging Muslims. Why don't we debate him? The sheiks and I don't know anything about Christianity, is it I know about Christianity, you know about Sharia, you are a scholar of Islam, I can deal with him on Christianity, let's deal with them. So they challenge him long story short, there's a big debate and, and, and the British colonial establishment is very confident all the judges, administrators, police IDs, you know, inspector generals, and people like Willie Muir are present. They are like they are gonna watch Muslims getting devastated today in this debate that they're going to be
destroyed by the, because he was very good. That guy founder was very good. Even he couldn't find his match. So he was also very excited.
But he had no idea that the pile of books they had brought with them, they're gonna pull the rug from his feet, this is gonna get blown away. So debate starts, and was recon and shutdown with Allah, they start to ask him questions about the Bible, and hold on a second. You're attacking the Quran? No problem, we're going to use the same standard on you. So what about this, this, this this and find her had no responses completely dumbstruck for brintellix, the cover? Allahu Akbar, right. And then that's it. Those administrators, judges, all those British officials, you know, they were completely blown away. There's a lot what happened there. And it became a huge it became a cause of
celebration for all the Muslims throughout India, the Muslims really pushed it in the newspapers, everywhere Muslims celebrated that this debate was a disaster for them, and it was published and a lot of scholars, have you been written on that debate today. So three years later, Indian Mutiny happens. This boiled, you know, things like this, the boil the blood of the people, and they the British introduced new cartilages you know, you know, when, back in the day when they used to use guns, they used to use these match locks, there was a packet for gunpowder, they would put gunpowder in the muzzle and they would put the ball on top and they would press it on. I don't know if you've
seen it right in some of those old movies right. So they will use to you
those rifles those guns, so they gave them cartridges. So to Hindus, the gift cartridges with cow fat to Muslim, they gave cartridges with pig fat. So the Muslims realize what's happening the Hindus realize for the Brahmins,
those soldiers who were in the British military at the time and the Muslims, they both rebelled, it started in a place called Mira. In India, the rebellion and the rebellion escalated to the to a level where all of India nearly all of North India was taken in it, right. And the British East India Company, they found themselves in a very, very difficult situation, a very difficult situation. Okay. And then
this rebellion spread all I mean, my own ancestors, my great grandfather's grandfather was part of this rebellion in a region called activa. In Pakistan, okay, he led a trial himself with the lady, and he was captured later on in 1859. And he was put on trial and seven years he was put under house arrest in chains. He was sentenced to exile for seven years with the lady. So all of this was happening in India at the time, and the British. They were completely shaken by this experience. Unfortunately, the rebellion did not succeed because it was not novel. These rebels were committing a lot of atrocities. Many scholars of Islam opposed what they were doing right. They were actually
killing women and children. Right. There are examples like one of the scholars in deadly ship. So using the zero Santa della V, one of the other Hadith scholars on daily, they found an English woman in Bush in a bush injured crime. Morning due to pain. She was shot and she had some injuries. And he picked her up she she couldn't speak the language, the she couldn't speak a language the sheikh had the students, they picked her up, the sheikh took her to his house kept over three to four months under hiding, and if they the rebels would have found our Muslim then Hindus then the Sheikh is hiding an English woman, the sheikh would have been killed with his family. So you have the zero
Sanibel we have very big name a very big scholar in the School of activities. In fact, some people some unfortunate people use this example to taunt him to use it against him that how can you stop? What would you do in a situation like that? The Sheikh was this is exactly what the Sheikh was teaching these people that this what you're doing is not Jihad these Avila you're killing women and children. Now my own research when I did on that woman, because the woman's name was Miss Mrs. Neeson.
Mrs. Neeson The name was I found the name in the sheiks biography. I went and did some some of my own research on that woman, I found records that three of her children were shot dead in front of her eyes. What she told later on, okay,
her one of the children was in her arms when the child was shot was a little infant shot and the bullet went through the child and hit the mother as she couldn't tell all of this to the shape. The shape doesn't mention this in his biography, right? This comes from the British records what I found on that woman Subhanallah so these are the kinds of atrocities these rebels were committing and not all of them of course, there are some notable people outside of the daily area in the central Indian region. But this failed this rebellion failed in the British took the full rep revenge. The East India Company, they went on a massacring spree, they started killing especially specifically Muslim
scholars, they targeted Muslim scholars It is said that there was not a tree from daily to be shower on which a Muslim scholar was not hanging.
Okay, they blew people from guns that tied people to the muzzle of the cannon and they blew them
to make them an example. And then Queen Victoria, who was the ruling
monarch at the time she interviewed personally when she heard about the atrocities and she had to stop all the atrocities and it took two years for the British to subdue the entire rebellion okay. And since then, from that, that point onwards, Queen Victoria took full charge of India she became the Empress of India and East India Company was removed from the picture entirely. So, India became a British property shall we continue after Salah because yeah, okay, so I will stop now. I will continue inshallah after Salah those brothers who want to stay after Salam, please stay those who do not have time or you have to go somewhere else. No problem. No hard feelings. Please those who can
stay stay behind those who cannot just Jellico Okay, and thank you so much for waiting. I apologize for taking longer than necessary, but inshallah we will finish the topic after Salah
Okay, Bismillah minor Rahim. So I was talking about the mutiny. It is called
Old the Indian Mutiny or the great rebellion or the War of Independence, depending on the perspective, it happened in 1857, I was explaining earlier, it was caused by a number of factors. And if I was to simplify it and put it in short terms, it was caused by a feeling of
a feeling of
lack, I mean, lack of satisfaction on the part of these soldiers who rebelled against the officers. Okay, so the pays were bad. They were they weren't paid good. They were being discriminated against, there was racism among British officers. And most importantly, their religion was being insulted the Hindus as well as the Muslims, as I explained earlier, they used cartilages that contained pig and cow fat. And this is what really triggered the rebellion, feelings are already high. Muslims and Hindus are already not happy with the way the British are ruling. From the year 1803.
You can see what the pattern was of the East India Company, taking more and more territory causing more and more intrigues, taking on more and more local principalities, if you did not toe the line, they would remove you they would cause conspiracies against you or they will conspire with other powers against you, and they will remove you in power. So if you toe the line, if you listen to the end, accompany and follow the foreign policy. So what did they say to these,
these local principalities that you can rule yourself, you can raise taxes, you can remain kings and princes and Queens. But the foreign policy will be defined by us, we will dictate the foreign policy, your foreign negotiations, you cannot negotiate with them. And you will have to have one of our political agents in your court present at all time. And he has to be aware of all the business you're doing. So, basically, they would plant one of the agents at every single Indian court for this agent to watch all the political maneuvering within the court so that he can report back to the Governor General in Calcutta. And then they will take appropriate action when necessary. This is why
people will turn was attacked. This is why the Murata has or later on attacked. And the This is why the Nizam in Hyderabad continued in his position as or his descendants, his descendants continued as the Nawab. So that's as long as arms in his arm was the ruling title, okay. They continued as his arms because they told the line, they never challenged the British on anything. They said okay, let us rule let us govern. And you know, so that's why those principalities that remained in power up to the year 1947. When the British left India, those powers remained in power because they toed the line. So those who do not toe the line, like the Sikhs, for example, were also removed. As I
mentioned earlier, the Sikhs had taken a lot of territory in the Punjab, and in 1799, a young adventurer called Maharaja Ranjit Singh came to power in the Punjab and eventually took territory from Bhutan to be shower. You may be shocked now to hear this, but let me tell you that for 40 years, this man called Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled territory in current day Pakistan, and within India as well, in eastern Punjab, he ruled territory stretching from Himalayas, in the north. From the shower, let's say to Milton, all basically the best part of the Punjab it was an Empire it was a Sikh Empire. And the British after taking Delhi in 1803, had the eyes on the Sikh Empire to they
want one after another. They were going for every single strong principality and removing them from power so that they can have their hands in the pie. As they say, you know, they don't they didn't want anyone else taking any share and it was all about all about money and India was a cash cow.
As far as the East India Company, and then the British Raj after 1857 were concerned, India was a cash cow. India was simply there to provide for
the needs of the British elite, so to say. So that's why Indian merchants were taxed heavily. They industries are completely destroyed, too.
Raise businesses in Britain, where India was supplying cloth to the world in the 18th century.
It came down to by 1896 by the year 1896, it came down to India not even being able to supply cloth within India
only 8% of the cloth was produced within India for the Indians Indians started to import cloth from other places most importantly Britain. So, the British East India Company systematically okay caused Indian economy to collapse. It took 200 years for the Indian economy to collapse India from being one of the richest countries in the world became one of the poorest countries in the world okay to use an Indian author's words. India basically the subcontinent collectively became the poster child of poverty in the world, right because of the British rule in India. So, after 1803 When they took Delhi they had the eyes on the Punjab they wanted the Punjab to right but in the Punjab there was a
very strong Sikh army ruled by a very shrewd Sikh ruler, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who was taking a lot of Muslim territory as well. And he was fought by the Muslims no doubt in the mountains in the in the Kashmir Valley, the Muslim including my ancestors again, okay, my this is this is part of my family history. That's why I'm so fascinated by it my one of my ancestors. He was directly involved in fighting Sikh armies when they came to take territory in the region of current day after birth in Pakistan, right.
And then later on, Sikhs were removed in 1849. Maharaja Ranjit Singh died in 1839. And within 10 years after, after his death, his sons could not hold on to power, one after one after the other. They were all killed off right after Maharaja Ranjit Singh came his son Carnac Singh, who was basically a drunkard he died soon after, on the same day of the funeral of conduct seeing his son who succeeded him called no Neha Singh was also assassinated and killed by the Sardars. themselves. Then another son of Maharaja and teaching came to power. His name was Sher Singh, okay, who basically ruled for nearly three years he was also assassinated by the sidebars themselves. So these
were caught intrigues that killed off the rulers, right. And I believe partly this happened because of the oppression of the Sikhs. I'm not saying generally all the Sikhs but this particular dynasty, right? It was very oppressive towards Muslims, okay? I'm not saying all Sikhs were involved in this because many Sikhs didn't like manager and eating as well. Right. So his establishment was extremely oppressive. Now, sometimes people give examples of his,
you know, Prime Minister, for example, he was a Muslim, right? Or his treasurer was also a Muslim, his private physician was a Muslim, right? But that doesn't mean that all the Muslims living in the Muslim territory in the Punjab were happy under the sea crew. They were not clearly not because they were coming to India, in Delhi, complaining to the scholars of Delhi about this oppression, right, what oppression and as and the result of this oppression was a group of people rising from the city of Delhi to go and liberate the Muslims of Punjab, and this movement was led by a man called Sayed Ahmed Shaheed Muhammad Ali. Okay. He was one of the students of Sharpton as he is the man mentioned
earlier, the son of showery Allah, so he came from the same school. Same madrasa in Delhi say that my Shaheed he assembled an army or let's say, a private kind of army of consisting of volunteers from all over India, they went to Afghanistan, and they attack the shower and took a shower from the Sikhs. And then they started to take more territory from the Sikhs. And then unfortunately, they were betrayed by the local tribes, and then they could not go any further. And in 1831, Sher Singh, the son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, basically massacred them in a battle called the Battle of Bala court. Right. This ended that particular movement, but that particular martyrdom of many noble
people who died in Bala code, it gave rise to Islam in India, Islam as an ideology was on the decline due to the British rule in India, but that particular sacrifice in 1831 It woke up the Muslims in India Hold on a second, can this even happen? And it really revived the example of the Sahaba how they gave the sacrifices you know, in the path of Allah subhanaw taala. So, this movement is very important, right? There are books written on it, it is called the Mohammadi movement. It was called the Muhammad Ali movement. Okay. And shower you lost grand son was part of the movement he also was killed in Bala code in current day Park.