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Surat Al-Mujadalah #01

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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without him, Allah Hamer. hamdulillah Hello bien Alameen Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala Anna you know have you been on Hamid while early he was so happy he urged me you know but

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then I can tell inshallah to Allah we will continue the Sunday Tafseer holla can we had

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completed a circle Hadid last time we did this a few weeks ago.

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And

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I started this Holika now around a year and a half ago, and we began with with golf and the goal was in Sharla, to do tafsir until the end of the Quran SUTA Nasser just for exact basically the last four years that the Quran which is known as Mufasa,

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which is the comprehensive these last four pages that Allah subhanaw taala summarizes basically everything that was said in the Quran, the first 26

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And that's why most people are encouraged to memorize these last four pages of the Quran. They carry a lot of value. Obviously, the whole Quran is valuable, but they carry a lot of summarized value. Everything that Allah has talked about in the in the longer sutras at the beginning, are repeated in a much more condensed way. And these last four digits up and we went through the first cluster which is from cough to a Hadid it's a Madani group of sewers.

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Sorry McKee group of students, the whole thing was mucky. All the clothes to water were revealed in Mecca, most of them to be accurate in the early MKi, period or phase. And the focus of early Mechi sutras is always talking about theology and talking about Archaea when talking about consequences, talking about identity and talking about purpose, because that's what the early phase was about Allah, the Prophet alayhi salatu. Salam was explaining to people what Islam was, why this change was was needed, why people should be attracted to this way of life into this thought process. So the Sooners at that period, were very much focused on that. And then you find the middle of McKee

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period, are talking about talking about ethics and behaviors, mostly perseverance and grit, because a lot of persecution occurred at that time, in the late maqui. Period, we're basically preparing people to be organized, because that's what's going to happen next is the organization piece, the visual piece, the sacrifice piece, preparing them for that. And of course, the Medini suit is a little bit different. So this cluster from possible added, one is one that walked us through a series of questions, or a series of options, each Surah offering us two or three options, and we have to make make a choice of one of them. And so it coff was the obviously the first one for sort

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of this whole final chapter of the Quran, the final piece of the Quran, it offer the ultimate comparison or ultimate option, which choice, which is to be someone who lives for righteousness versus not or someone who sees their their end point or end destination to be gender versus not. And and of course, that's the that's the summary of this whole story. Yeah, that's all this is about what are you what you stand for? And where do you hope to be? And if the answer is Genda, then you go to the next slide so that he talks about the weather you live purposefully, or you live aimlessly. And if you say purposefully, the sort of thought tells us well, then you you are going to

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live with guidance or without guidance is guidance that says, Well, are you going to have certainty of knowledge in the urine to base your decisions on certainty on knowledge? Or is it based on whims desires and assumptions and, and lack of clarity? And if it's the answer no, it's gonna be based on certainty and knowledge and authenticity. So to cover a romance or what are you going to do with the blessing that you have if you do not treat them properly they will be they will backfire a blessing that is not used appropriately will backfire against you. And so the ramen reminder if the blessing is not you don't feel gratitude for it you lose it to the work asks what type of person do you want

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to be? There are three types of people in the day of judgment there are three categories either mokaba Being as heavily aminos Habima you have to choose the odds are pretty good two out of three make it but you have to kind of figure out what your what you want to do and then switch to headin doesn't put an option forward or compare it as much as it just brings two things that seem to be opposites, but they're not the concept of spirituality and materialism.

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And it's not it's not actually asking you to choose between them. It's not me saying you need a healthy balance of them. Every all the other sources before we're comparisons options, one there was only one right answer only one right thing to do. The other one is going to be wrong, it's going to cause you a lot of pain. So the head is a little bit different. So the idea is you have to make a choice either you live with balance or not if you if you want to follow the same,

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the same trend of the source before then the question was are the options

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Do you live with a balance so you live without one and then you struggle but it's materialism spirituality, you have to have the right balance the ball head of the parent and the Boston the the essence. As Muslims we everything we do contains a healthy balance of both. We don't have in Islam something that is purely it is still with me it's just it's just, it's just happening on the inside, there's always going to be a manifestation of it on the on the outside, it's always going to be and the and vice versa. Anything that you're required to do physically where you're mechanically materialistically required to do something, there has to be the proper mindset and Nia behind arrows

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doesn't count. And that's how everything about within Islam works. And I went in a lot of detail regarding that within social Hadith, it probably took the longest and half the students probably a full month to get through those not the longest in terms of verses. But I to me, if you haven't listened to any of these, if this is new to you, and you don't want to go through a year and a half worth of lectures, then just listen to it the Hadith honestly, you get you get the biggest bang for your buck to understand what that's talking about, I think within the within the context of our time and our era, it's the most relevant to our to our struggles, the new cluster of servers that are

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going to enjoy Inshallah, over the next hopefully not year, hopefully less than that, but I'm from Sweden, which I need to hurry and this is the 28th just of the Quran. This

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is purely Madani every year and it was revealed in Medina, after the 13 years of the Prophet alayhi salam being in Mecca, everything and this is a mid 20s It's actually a very interesting visit, because this chapter is among

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chapter before it and two after it there are all McKee basically, almost completely, aside from sort of Nussle, maybe, just maybe in beginner maybe I argue but you know, as well, aside from those two, from path to and Hadid everything was similar, except this just this just this whole chapter from Abuja to terrain is completely Madani. And you're going to see if you will, if you are a part of this, these lectures, or sessions throughout the last year and a half, you will see a huge difference in the way the Quran actually talks about things in comparison to the to the source you're reading before, meaning there was a specific rhythm to the coffin that he had been told in

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Nigerian camara Rama data, data specific rhythm, they kind of all started similarly and talked about things in a similar capacity. Now the things that is announced a complete change of gear in memory stores is much more different. The focus is a lot is on law, it's on behaviors, it's on specific ethics. In the middle, he sort of talks about the principles talks about the belief system, it talks about what needs to exist on the inside in order for you to be able to move forward. But then he says no, they focus a lot on what you're doing, and what you should do, and what the consequences of not. And it's much more pragmatic, because some of the resources just are, are the natural

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continuation of a buildup of a 13 year build up of people understanding the principles and values. So this is going to talk a lot about organizing, organizing society. Now first, the craftworld headin it talks about the basic principles, and it does it in the in the in the manner of comparisons and options, here's what you need to do. You have to be someone of righteousness, you have to be basing it on. You have to have purpose, you have to have guidance, you need to have knowledge and certainty. You need to know what your blessings are, you have to make the right choices to make of who you want to be. You're welcome. And then you have to have the right balance

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of, of every deed. And then imagery that talks about okay, here's how here's how you organize. Here's how you organize society. Each Surah talks about an aspect of organization, some form of societal or communal organization, and we're going to start with certain certain Bucha DeLanda leave the actual

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focus of it or or theme of it until maybe next or the one after. I'll leave you to kind of think about think about what it could be. And we're gonna really focus on this first page and the story that it carries. For the majority now is Willow item, a later melody sutra, so it's not an early one below and most likely is a later Metheny Surah So it's in the second half of Medina

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when I use these terms, because scholars

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of Quranic sciences, tend to divide the profit or the associate on his life to either four or five periods. They say early immaculate McKee, early Metheny, late Madani, some scholars add a middle mid Denisa mid mid mid mid matki Seurasaari mid Mackie phase, sorry, mid Mackie phase because those sorts of sources specifically talked about perseverance and kind of putting in grit to because that's because of the persecution the Prophet saw several Sahaba going through. So in majority Latin most of the of the sorrows in this juicer are categorized as late to med any meaning they came in the second half of the Prophet Allah you saw someone's life in Medina if you look at his life in

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Medina, he that's when he's your start. So he died in LA it's awesome. He passed away

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In the beginning the early part of the 11th year of his hijra, so you're saying 10 years and three months is basically what he looked at you say almost 10 years is what? Altogether is not really 11 is less than it's just 10 years. So the first five years of the early Metheny and the second five years are the late mid and he most of these students if not all of them were revealed in this in the latent any period

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within magenta is is one of them.

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So let's begin by replacing the first verse and then I preface things for you as shown a little bit in terms of what the story is going to look like. I will be laying him in a shape on your body

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Bismillah here Walkman you're wahi

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by the semi Allah who will allottee to judge De Luca fees oh gee

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what a shaky Elon law

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well Allah who is smart older her woroch uma

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in Allah has sent me um, they'll see

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so sorter Mogera the word majority Allah means argument,

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argument or debate, depending on the context either or the sutra talks to us and if the name is Mujaddid Allah or mucho de la in both in both phrases and both names are correct. Then we either had the argument or the debate in Bucha de la the lady who argued and both names for the Sunnah are appropriate and have evidence meaning there's authenticity to both names. I can't I was taught it which I did address how I usually

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that's the phrase or the term I usually use. So what is the story about the story is about a lady by the name of Hola. Been through Allah allow fear of astrology? Yeah. So she was a lady who was one of the early Muslim mutt who accepted Islam. from Medina. She is from his daughters from Medina, one of the two tribes of Medina. And she accepted Islam early meaning it was after that first year, in that first year when those six gentleman met the Prophet alayhi salatu salam during that those last that last moment of Hajj, and he had that initial agreement with them. And they were going to come back the next year with more people from different tribes so that there was a bit more diversity. So they

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went within that year, she accepted Islam, really, Allahu Allah, she was an early Muslim. And she is someone who actually was a bit older and age as well. She was a lady who was a bit more elderly, but she actually she outlived the Prophet and his thoughts on by the way, bye, bye, good 15 years, and she was quite quite old. At the end of her life, she was around 100 years old, as most scholars pointed out, and her loving father was married to a man by the name of Oh, Sydney, Osama T is the brother of robot dead no summit, you've probably heard that name before. And that was given to Simon who is also an elderly gentleman. And this is what happened this, this first part of of the first

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page of certain magenta talks about this story. And again, I believe the theme of something which I did until maybe next time, the time after, just as always, I want you to try and I want you to read the sutras and try to figure them out yourself. And if you can't, obviously, I'm going to share it with you. But I think it's a nice little exercise, read the sutras and try to see or look for the thread that kind of connects connects all of these stories. And because there's always something there's always this the Quran is not spoken, like the Sunnah is not a spontaneous or just a random group of verses that are just put together here. I add them up and call the Sunnah. There's always a

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reason for why these there's a sequence for these shots and why these I talk about certain things. And in the problem is if you don't, if you're not looking for it, you may feel like they're just talking about anything but no, all these verses are talking about the same basic idea or are organizing the same aspect. And what happened was that holed up inside of them and that's how the story goes is that we don't know the details. But what we think we think this is what happened that Allah who I know was asked something by her husband's house and she said no or she denied it. And he got upset. And he got upset and he said something that Dadaab would say quite commonly and during

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Jaya Helia and he told her he said Auntie Alia kava real me, you are to me, as my mother is to me.

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This was this is a very clever trick that a lot of men played.

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And if anyone is going to be tricky, in oppressing any is going to be Donald, I can tell you that much. You're pretty good at doing this. They came up with a way that if they were wanting, there's a way way to punish their wives. So he would say to her you are to me now as my mother is to me, that is neither divorcing her for her to go and find a husband and live her life. Nor is he able to actually have any relations with her because he

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saying that now you are to me as my mother is. And I wouldn't do obviously do that with my mother's I'm not doing that with you either. So she's neither fully married to him appropriately the way she deserves to be. nor is she divorced, or she can go on and find her life and do what she wants. She's somewhere in the middle, neither here nor there. And this is where if this is the this is the tricky piece, because you're like, oh, that's simple. No, here's, here's where they got it. She couldn't socially object to it. And she couldn't, because if she objected to it socially, well, then the question would answer would be well, what don't you like? He is saying you are to him, as his mother

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is what you're better than his mother.

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You have a an Arabic mother in law. If you have an Arabic mother in law, you know that question how it works? You cannot answer that. There is no way to answer that question and not suffer severe consequences. No answer to that. He had to she can't she can't say anything. If he goes into objects, I don't want to be this what you're better than his mother. That's not a question she can answer. No one can answer that, because it's too much of a problem. No. So now she's stuck. She can't leave, she can't stay. She's not really married. And she got she got to do anything about it. It was very tricky. It is very, very clever. It's a clever, clever little trick to punish someone.

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And then they would leave their wives like that for years and years, until they would go back and do something and change or pay for their union or something like that. So I mean, do an explanation for the mean. But this is something that happened. It doesn't happen anymore. By the way, we've come up with other ways to be tricky and oppressive, but there's no there's not this one, we left this one we found the cause Allah said not to do that once. We don't do that one anymore, when we came up with other ways, but this one is doesn't really exist anymore. We don't use that terminology is not something that men are it doesn't exist any longer, but it wasn't in there. So who would have been

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thought about heard these words from her husband had never done that before? Right? They've been married for a long time. They were happily married for a very long time. I don't know what happened to this guy at this moment or the law. I know he, he just he said it. And he was in he was late. He was in his 70s. He said it and she's like, What is this? This can't be correct. We're Muslim, this can't be right. So she goes to the Prophet Allah, your salatu salam.

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And she begins. And she asks him about this. And he says, I don't have a new revelation that says answer all your SOPs. And I just understand the fact that he unlike what maybe if you come in as a scholar, you come into an imam or you come to me asked me a question. I have resources available that I can use to answer your question. The probability is thought to Islam, when he was asked a question about law, he had to have an answer that was revelation based. He had to have a real glimmer of relation based answer to in order for him to say anything, or else he is speaking, just based on his own intuition. And the Quran tells us without taco when I lay in a bar, we need a

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husband. I mean, who Billy and Nene. So malapa and I'm in Hulu, lutein. If he made things up, he would have punished him up on the spot. He wouldn't have survived. So Allah Allah you I just like I said, I mean, they would never do. Let me explain to you that the Prophet ism had parameters, he understood the parameters of what he could and could not say. So he may, when it when this problem was presented to him, it made sense that this is wrong, and they shouldn't happen. But he she was asking about law. That's that's the wording of the Hadith. But I like to honor them. She asked him about the about the ruling about this specific incident, he did not have a ruling. She didn't ask

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him what his opinion about it. He asked him for the ruling, and he didn't have a ruling. So he said, Lisa and dish I don't have anything about this right now. And

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she argued with him. And

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she argued with him going back and forth.

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We don't have the details of it. But pretty much went something like this must be haram. Also almost impossible that this is not haram. And he explains I don't have a ruling on this yet. Yeah, but it can't be. This is not this cannot be in keeping with the Islamic spirits. It's possible. This is oppressive. I agree. But I don't have a ruling on it.

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But this is not fair to me at all sort of Allah. Who am I going to turn to? What is going to happen to my children? How do I do now? Do I stay? Do I leave? How does life move on for me?

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With a sticky it'll listen to the thought I begins. You see, here's my here's, here's why I think this is important too. I think this is interesting. And because maybe this isn't

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I don't think in our society today. If a lady came and argued with the Prophet it is Salatu was Salam today that would even be acceptable. I don't think people will take that very, very easily. I think it will be looking at say why why is she arguing with him? He's also Allah, because she cannot wait for she argued with him. Like she didn't. This is the sewer His name is the argument. See, I can't I couldn't I'm not make I can't make any of this. This is literally what the words are. She the sewer is called the lady who argued or the argument she came in, she argued with him. She didn't come and ask a question, and then get an answer. She didn't like no. She sat there and argued and

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went back and forth and saying this isn't fair. This isn't right. Now, I believe that in

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In our own context today had the property that you stopped this and I've been amongst us and and I believe he did that she would be shunned. And she will be spoken of the How dare she do this is how does she come and speak like that? You sound when prom isn't missing. My problem is that she would not be looked at in a good light. If she had done that even in our own context. And in the time that we're living in today. However, not only she did she argue, and I want to kind of what Allah subhanaw taala documented the argument in the Quran. And not only did he document the argument in the Quran, he documented it in a positive light. He said, kind of semi Allah Who, indeed, is to

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emphasize something. But the semi eye indeed Allah hasn't heard. This doesn't mean

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there's two ways for me to say I hear you, right?

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There's the way when it's very noisy, and you're saying Get me the water. And I say, I hear you. Stop screaming. I heard you the first time give me a second. And then there's I hear you as in you're explaining to me a problem. And no one seems to understand your view or your problem. And I tell you, I hear you.

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The same wording will be used. But two different meanings for that term will be used as mi two different understandings would exist for that. In Arabic, it works exactly the same way for the word semirara. Same thing. So when he says by the Sami Hola, hola. Hola. Hola. Hola. Leti to jujitsu coffee. zodia. And de Allah has heard the words of the lady who argued with you to judge regard regarding her husband. He's not saying that he I heard it. Because we know Allah subhanaw taala. Here is all he's all hearing that is that is a given. Of course, Allah subhanaw taala heard it. No, he's saying I heard it. The other meeting the figurative use of this word, not the literal one, the

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literal one is printed. If this, for this to be the literal usage of the word is basically not a useful sentence. jelajah Roman hash in the last paragraph will be anything in the coin. That is not a useful sentence. That's not there's no point in him saying that Subhanallah without it because anyone who's reading the Koran who accepts the court knows that Allah subhanaw taala, hears all and sees all and knows all. So there's no need for him to state or I heard what she said, what we thought that maybe he didn't know. Of course, of course he's heard it, that he's not meeting it that way. He's getting it the other way. I said, I heard it. I heard it. I understand it. But the Semia

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you do,

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indeed, is hurt. I don't understand why cause is nice here. It's important, because not he's not emphasizing that he literally heard gentlemen. No, He's emphasizing that he figuratively hurt. I mean, he he's accepted, acknowledged. He affirms he affirms or arguments. And

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he is saying that it was correct for her to do this. Yes, she should have come in argued. And yes, you should have said she, I'm good. He is satisfied to pile into either that she stood her ground, and that you sat there in front of Muhammad Rasulullah. So I sent them and argued with them and told him no, this can't be. This can't be

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impossible for this to be acceptable. And

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he wasn't told how about next time? You ask a question and give him a little bit of time to get the revelation and have more Adib? No jelajah Subhan Allah, but behind the Subhan Allah Allah Allah, He affirmed or argument that yes, she she is correct, by the semi Allahu Allah Latuda De Luca, feasibly, because people did say things

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such as any society, some people said, Why is she arguing with him? And why is she doing she does? Why is she bringing the LG doll is to bring in evidence and evidence and use evidence and have an argument or a debate to have have something based on on a logic and saying, Why is she arguing with them?

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You told her I don't have anything. I don't have revelation on this. I can't I can't say anything about it. Some scholars have said that the Prophet alayhi salatu salam here in this verse is actually being told you probably could have said something. And based on his understanding of things you didn't have to give a ruling. But you could have given an opinion is that you don't have to give a rule because you don't have a ruling on it. rulings are the word of Allah subhanaw taala has to be weighed has to be revelation based. But you could have given an opinion that yeah, this doesn't sound doesn't sound fair. And I will. Some scholars look at it that way. I don't tend to agree with

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that. But you'll find that in the books of Tafseer for sure.

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Allah subhanaw taala affirmed Holub infallible argument. Now the other piece of this that I want to point out to you the fact that she was comfortable to do that. That's really the piece that I think this is documenting for us. And what I think this is actually documenting for us is the fact that she was comfortable to come up to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam argue with him about something she felt that was totally fine, was called for because she was raised by the Quran because she was educated by the PA

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So Allah Azza wa sallam himself, he's an early Muslim, she understood that this is not out of line, and that this is not abnormal. But yes, it is her place to come and argue and talk and debate when she feels something is not correct when she feels something is is a problem, or it's going to affect other people. And this is the total be of the Quran. And this is what Allah subhanaw taala actually, this what he's affirming subhanaw taala you think of this story, you didn't need this context for him subhanaw taala to give you the to give the ruling. We have a lot of rulings in the Quran that have no context to them. It's just this is the outcome. This is this is the ruling herd mentality.

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Can we make a deal with them or whether I'm gonna continue on?

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When I'm on Chanukah to win Mapusa who do to win nuclei to America? Saburo Allameh The Cato? Why do we had a new sequence a single Islam zip this long? I have no context. It's just this is what's haram. We're done. You don't need a story. I don't need a story. No, no. For this one. He actually wants to tell us a story. Subhana wa Tada. Want to tell us a story. Here's the story, a lady who came and argued with him. And I thought to myself, You guys didn't like that right? Well, Allah who listen to it, Allah heard it. Indeed, Allah has heard the lady who came and debated with you with a sticky in Allah. And she and she's complaining about the oppression she's undergoing to Allah.

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Allah who yes and no to her what Akuma and indeed Allah has lived, heard and listened to your exchange at the Hauer is the conversation or the exchange back and forth, Allah heard it all. Again, not literally. Because the literal part is already affirmed in general and affirmed at the end of the year, what's the end of the I in Allah sent me an embassy and indeed Allah is all hearing and all saying we all know that we know that'd be that'd be says there. But he's talking about the hearing the figures of hearing the affirmation of it, the acceptance of it, the fact that it is correct. He is applauding subhanho wa taala. When she did, the fact that he was comfortable to do it

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tells me a lot of his character, Ali, who saw it was to them and what he had built, and who he had raised and how he had taught them. Now he made sure that they felt comfortable to come up to him, Allianz salatu, salam, regarding an issue that he has no revelation, they all know, no revelation, he can't give a ruling. And she was still sat there and argued with him. He didn't feel that that was out of out of line. He didn't feel that he was mistaken to do that. This is not an invitation to walk up to Imams and start yelling at them. Please don't take this as an invitation to do that. That's not what I'm trying to say here. I don't that would be for me. I'm shooting myself in the

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foot by evening saying these things. But what this tells you is that Allah supplied the Prophet alayhi, salaatu, WA salaam,

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to the guidance of Elijah Elijah Lu had built a society that had

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these constantly had these attitudes within them. This was by design. Yes, she was supposed to be comfortable. She was supposed to feel safe to come up and speak and argue and debate and point out something that she felt was not working, that this was not she didn't feel that that was out of line or mistaken, or she couldn't do it, or she needed to take a backseat or he asked a question if you guys didn't as she walks away. No, no. He felt like he could talk about that. And that's important. That's really important. The fact that this is confirmed in he this is a part this is the story. This is the great Holub infallible, let me let me add to you another another piece of the story if

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you're interested in

00:28:21--> 00:28:23

years later, years, years later,

00:28:25--> 00:28:26

kolab and Taliban

00:28:29--> 00:28:38

would run into honorable kebab as a middle Mini and he was the at the time Khalifa. And she was in the old he was very elderly at the time.

00:28:40--> 00:29:25

And she she's on his he is on his show. He stops him and she starts telling him yelling at him in the eye Dukkha to some Oh, Malan de su alcove. I love him. I remember when you they called you Amira instead of Omar, you're a kid running around the market taking care of a few sheep will earn smarter Omar. And now you're your Alma when I'm smarter. I'm Elon Musk meaning and now you're called the Prince of believers. But Allah, may You have mindfulness of Allah. But Allah subhanho wa Taala Mota how she felt and then she goes on this long piece of advice that she offered him if you if you fear death, then you will watch out for losing out on opportunities to be a good person while men ca fell

00:29:25--> 00:29:59

by eight I mean, but even if you're afraid it was coming later on in life, which is death and you would work hard with what you have right now. And she goes on and on and on and she's talking to him and he's standing there with a low on Yahoo Nom, nom. But among sort of when she finally left one of the advisors came and said who is that? Why did you stand there listening to this? According to her the holder been fat Oliver This is hold limitada Allah hoomin focalise hub HMLS tell me if it is My Allah subhanaw taala above seven heavens heard her when she spoke. I'm not going to hear her when she's

00:30:00--> 00:30:16

Next follow hola Hello Oh Cafe attorney II Korean her work up to when as il two IL IL in Manitoba. If he took me there and spoke to me all day and all night I wouldn't have met moved except to pray Bahasa or Maghrib. I would listen to him till the end and

00:30:17--> 00:30:30

Subhan Allah, because Allah, Allah, this is what this area actually did. I just want to make sure I understood the context of what this I was talking about. Because I came in affirms something, not only was it

00:30:32--> 00:30:49

of course, we're going to talk about the ruling of the HUD in a moment, and I'll explain to you and then that's really easy, because the the obviously the action itself is ridiculous, and it shouldn't exist, but really is the story that is affirmed, indeed, that is documented these first this first verse that is very, very meaningful, that Allah subhanaw taala

00:30:51--> 00:31:13

heard her, that's fine. Yes, you argue with the Prophet of Islam, that's fine. And argued for what she believed was argued for what she believed was a problem of oppression that needed to be removed. She had a complaint that she took to Allah subhanaw taala himself, Allah Subhana Allah listen to the full exchange, because he is Subhanallah he hears all and he sees all and that's what this idea was.

00:31:15--> 00:31:21

Was documenting very easily you could have you could have had a different so it's very simple to have a different

00:31:22--> 00:31:43

point out maybe we have a lot of I attend the Quran that talk about how I thought of our SWAT FM focus out in maybe when I tell you how to work with Bill Holika Haribhau they commonly bomb data, I will do our Souleymane about the convertible. Don't raise your voices about the voice of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam Don't call him as you call your friends.

00:31:44--> 00:32:17

Call him with respect is that the Quran says and then this lady comes in argues with him about something he had really no revelation regarding the Quran says no good for you. Know, you were heard you were heard. Yes, you need to do that. You just need to stand up for what is righteous. And the Prophet Allah is awesome was not bothered by this. Some people were but he wasn't Allah. His thought was, he understood where she was coming from. He understood that this was an issue of extreme importance. He didn't have revelations, but he understood. She was heard of the law on our law. And she felt comfortable to do it. All these little pieces are so important. Now that the story wouldn't

00:32:17--> 00:32:50

have worked. Any of these pieces weren't there. Now, the story would not have existed. She was not chastised. He was not told to Obama were told this guy that I quoted you from social algebra that's sort of our swatter comfort consulting maybe I didn't have seen this many times in English, I think a few years ago. I don't raise your voice that much. It was actually directed Tilburg grammar, because they were arguing amongst each other and the Prophet I saw someone was there and their voices were allowed in the crowd came and said Don't Don't raise your voices. He's standing right there. So I said to him how Show some respect so they didn't know because from that day on, if I'm

00:32:50--> 00:33:01

around him I whisper only for the low idle so that I only whisper around him so I said because I don't want to follow them. Now I'm gonna do the same. They were always scared of this. This lady came in argued Pooja della Bucha there

00:33:02--> 00:33:03

ajibola

00:33:05--> 00:33:07

came in the the art she argued with you.

00:33:08--> 00:33:41

The time we have the word again used as in Switzerland furl talking about the better, the just before better. Before by the deposit. Allah is also was trying to get the Sahaba to go for the battle. They didn't want to go. They didn't want to go there. Why poke the bear? This caravan is for Quraysh why go do that if you don't get this caravan and the Kurdish doesn't like it, they bring us an army we have to fight we don't want to do this. Can we were stable in Medina, we're protected. Everything is great. We don't want the money. It's not about money. We don't care for them. And yet also Allah wasn't about the money was about how it was about doing what it was right? So the idea is

00:33:41--> 00:34:09

you God Luna can feel happy by their motivation. And they've been chastised for doing that. You shouldn't have argued with him about this. You shouldn't have argued with him. You should have just done exactly what he told you to do. Because he knows what he's saying. Not here. No, here Allah heard her argument, heard her debate. As she complained to Allah, Allah heard their exchange because he hears all these he's off. And then 123 verses afterwards or the ruling.

00:34:10--> 00:34:14

This was revealed to him it is thought to Islam immediately after that happened.

00:34:16--> 00:34:39

He came, He didn't have a ruling. She argued with him. He left some people didn't like it. Within the hour uveal came but the semi Allah that's what this was called a seminar, right? That's the how we call it on which it still is not called the hot. Not called the ruling for that one thing that no, no, it's called Mujaddid law, the lady who came and argued and rejected the law and affirmed that applauded the fact that she did it.

00:34:40--> 00:34:59

That was okay for that to happen and needed to happen. That's how it should happen. We shouldn't be an ummah that are that is that is comfortable. There's comfort amongst us to talk about contemporary issues, and to bring our opinions and to share them to feel safe when we do so. And whatever a gathering exists. Again, it's not an invitation to you

00:35:00--> 00:35:21

Not to be rude or anything, but But that's that safety and that openness and that social construct that allows for people to express themselves in that manner. And to feel that they belong, that they're not out of line to talk about something that they don't understand or they don't, it doesn't make sense to them should exist. And we haven't done a good job not just for ladies, but for other people as well. If we're not, we don't do a very good job at that,

00:35:23--> 00:35:55

for a lot of reasons that I don't want to get into today. But I think I think this, this surah is reminding us that that's how we're supposed to be. It's supposed to be that way. And that that space should always be there. That's why she was a great lady, or the Allahu Anahola infallible she lived years after that. And she was one of the 50 hertz who taught the woman of Islam that Islam was. So that's the story that I wanted to share with you and to me, it's a very beautiful story. I hope you find it inshallah I need a beneficial unlace. But let's recite the verses that come later so we talk a little bit about the actual ruling what happened because of course it's not over yet once these

00:35:55--> 00:36:09

verses was revealed to him I saw some he calls hola back I felt like I was back to hear what Allah said so let's recite the Lezzy now while he rune I mean cool I'm mean Nissa II him

00:36:17--> 00:36:57

so here's a little bit of a tricky these verses are a little bit tricky. There's a lot of one on here if you have a must have, or a Quran that has colored in Tajweed that must have that have colored integre they usually use green to indicate if there's a two two step or to count to one now and this these verses are filled with them. So we're gonna have to kind of work together a little bit to get to get them out appropriately. So Alladhina was our hero one and then you have Ming that's to me the income is two and then min that's three or three in a row you have three one I mean come in and then Nissa hem is a is a four is a form count and we'll try that again in Sharla just

00:36:57--> 00:37:10

again if you need for the purpose of this how to help people in show learn how to do a little bit of a citation Lavina you wall hero naming can mean Nisa him

00:37:18--> 00:37:38

better okay now the one after it we have one is going to be to count if we were to recite continuously then he said him another between the two means another two So altogether we have five one and almost in a row and one month so it's a little bit of there's a lot of additional sounds that are made we recite this man who

00:37:40--> 00:37:41

Hertie him

00:37:45--> 00:37:55

and then of course there's a sixth one which is the meme Omaha seems also to count in ohm to whom Illa Allah II whether they know whom

00:38:02--> 00:38:03

so in law

00:38:04--> 00:38:15

e so Allah is for account and then there's a year after Illa Allah II well as you know, okay, we're in whom Leia who Luna Moon Cara.

00:38:21--> 00:38:26

mukarram Meenal poli was Udraw

00:38:31--> 00:38:36

were in law hella full moon or fool

00:38:41--> 00:39:20

so he says 2.0 data Lavina UVA he Runa Minko min Nisa in the ones amongst you could reform perform the act of the heart from their wives, their wives mal Hoonah. Omaha gym, they are not their mothers. So when they say antibody kappa you owe me you are to me as my mother is to me. Well, he is not. He is not you. You want to make something up. You can't just make something up. You can just change someone's status can just decide oh, this person now is maharam to me or this person now is always going to be doing this is not your choice. Your sister will always be your sister. It's always Mom Your mother will always be the same lady who is not your mom will not be your mom it's

00:39:20--> 00:39:57

not it's not you, you just stating that or claiming and it's not going to make it true. So now who know mad even though they're not their mothers, me this is a false claim. In Omaha to whom Ill in an ill and when they come together, it's to deny and then put an exception. So the only people who are their mothers in Omaha to whom Ill lay are the ladies Allah II Well, I didn't have the ones who gave birth to them. Well actually those who actually gave birth to them and of course an ad in addition to that, and this is not you know, the detailed here and I because it's not you don't need it

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

the

00:40:00--> 00:40:37

The similarity of a mother through through breastfeeding through a lot. And because they're similar similar in terms of rules, meaning just like you're a man is not allowed to marry a man and a woman are not allowed to marry their mother and the Mahatma are the people. That's how it's haram for you to marry as in your, your parents, your siblings, your children, the children of your siblings, going into children, your children going downwards, or your aunts and great answer and great uncles going going upwards. Those are people that's haram for you to marry. And then whenever there's, whenever there's been breastfeeding during infancy or during young age, then then you treat it the

00:40:37--> 00:40:48

same way, meaning that the same goes in the same direction. But that's more specific to that idea. But idea, but you get what I'm trying to explain what in the home layer coluna. And indeed what we are seeing more than common middle code.

00:40:49--> 00:41:06

It is unacceptable. monka is what is what is wrong, basically, what is seen to be wrong from a social perspective. This is a little bit of a delicate topic. I don't know how much I whenever I explain it every once in a while I don't know how many how much people actually understand what

00:41:08--> 00:41:52

from it when I do. But when you say my roof and monka these are social terms are not religious terms. They have religious implication for sure. They have religious importance, for sure. There are parts of the religious construct for sure. But they're not religious terms. They are social terms. When I say the word telecoil, or Taqwa or salah or Zika, or Hajj, these are religious terms, they are terms that did not have meaning we don't have meaning without religion, you don't have meaning without religion, or if they do have a meaning. without religion, it's a different meaning. It's not the same. So they they can have social and a social concept behind it, there'll be different than a

00:41:52--> 00:41:53

religious one.

00:41:54--> 00:42:13

So there's a lot of terms in Arabic, or Islamically, that are religious terms that were coined by the Quran or by the prophet Isaiah sought to essentially have religious context to it. And that's it. And then there are terms that are social in nature. And there's a lot of them. And for sure, more roles, and monka are the most important of all, they're very important because they're used that way.

00:42:14--> 00:42:35

And it's known as actually attentive to what society sees as positive. And what society sees as negative, it's them cares about that, that's an important piece of the puzzle, communities will develop a set of values of what is good and what is bad. And Muslims will continuously

00:42:36--> 00:43:06

strengthen the positive values that might roof and weaken the negative values the monka. As in, for example, in this society, drug use is not a positive value, like it's not something celebrated. Drug use is something that is negative outside from you know, weed, and marijuana is something that is negative. There are the ads, the medical campaign campaigns, these are the school education driven campaigns are all against drug use. And that's a negative that so drug use, or

00:43:07--> 00:43:42

substance abuse is a negative idea, is it negative Islamically. If it is that we actually get on board with that community to help them get rid of it. And if they have a positive value, like being organized or being kind or being tolerant, now we get on board with that to strengthen that as well. Well we do step away from is when the values of the community are different than our own values. And that's where you actually bring the term is Siela in which is reform, gonna say that this has this is an issue of change, you have to change your understanding, this is not a positive value, right? There's not a positive there's actually a negative value, there's not a good thing to move this. So

00:43:43--> 00:44:18

this is where I doubt and it's not comes in, but I'm gonna model Vinay Animoca is actually coming to the actuals the social constructs that that exist, that are aligned with Islamic values and strengthening them and weakening them appropriately with the community that we are champions of that as Muslims. So he's saying here that this morning is one come on mineral code. That was your the saying of anti Alia Kapoho Mr. Mancha, because it was monka, even for the people of John Healy. And he thought this was wrong. They knew what was wrong. He knew it was not something good. They came up with it as an act of oppression and they knew it was wrong. So Allah is pointing out that this is

00:44:18--> 00:44:43

known to be wrong. It's not that the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is just, it's opening your eyes up to Oh, my gosh, this is wrong. No, no, you knew this was wrong all along. And you knew that it was not a good thing. We allowed it to happen. And that's where the mistake becomes where you know, something is wrong, you know that it's not positive, know that it's harmful, and you let it to kind of exist for a long time. I think a good example here is alcohol and weed.

00:44:44--> 00:44:59

And that's a good example. A good example of something that social the social construct is actually in favor of to a certain degree. Obviously, they don't say it's in favor and addictive measure but in moderation, but even in moderation. We know

00:45:00--> 00:45:34

that this is not a good thing. We know that it's not helpful. And that's where a reform comes in. That's where as Muslims we come in, and we say what maybe we should we challenge that we challenge that this we challenge the idea that this is a good thing, that living this lifestyle is helpful, we challenge it, we have to, if you don't challenge the, the misbeliefs, of need of a society that we live amongst, and we're not really doing our job. And that's why Allah Subhan is very accurate. In the Quran, the usage of certain terms are very, very accurate. Like it's so accurate. So he says mukarram mineral coal here is pointing out to them that you knew this was wrong. And don't act like

00:45:34--> 00:45:51

this as Oh, oh, this is wrong. Oh, I didn't know you knew it was. There's one car everyone knew this was wrong. Why do you let it happen? Why do you continue to stand by this? There's so many examples in society today of problems like that. And you probably can think of a few yourself.

00:45:52--> 00:45:54

And that's where our role as

00:45:55--> 00:46:36

as reformists comes in, I have no idea how to do that. I have zero, I have no clue of how Muslims in the West would would function as reformist people would come forward and point out where society got it wrong, or where society is drawing a blind eye to certain behaviors and allowing them to I don't know, I don't know. I think the reason that we we don't know is because we can barely take care of our own. I think we're so behind that we can't even seem to figure out how to get our children to learn enough of Islam that they don't, that they don't doubt it every step of the way throughout their teen years. I think that we can't even get people to learn enough Arabic to read the Quran and

00:46:36--> 00:47:09

actually learn how to practice Islam appropriately. Now, we can't think that big that's a big thought to be reformist in a society and say maybe, maybe this way of life is not helpful. Maybe it's not maybe it's not healthy. Everything that's not healthy. Let's Let's challenge that thought that you had that let's challenge this way of life that you've chosen and see if maybe something else is better. We can't do that. And we can't even seem to get our own. You know, Frank's in order or we can't seem to get our household in order. But the client is very accurate when it comes to these ideas. monka Melkonian well, you knew this was wrong. This is this is how ALLAH SubhanA speaks

00:47:09--> 00:47:41

that people have Jeconiah Muhammad Allah, Allah, Allah, Muhammad Rasul Allah, it's like you send them came to you, because you guys let too much go wrong, go wrong for for too long. You just let it happen. You had the means not to do this. You guys were all descendants of Ibrahim, the majority of you were you knew what was right. What was wrong amongst you were people who knew what was right was wrong, but you let it go. You didn't care. You just let things happen in the society slowly, slowly got deviated to the point where nothing where it was too late was different. It's not Yeah, you need you needed radical change. So we had to bring a new revelation from Allah Azza wa sallam to actually

00:47:41--> 00:47:44

to actually counter all of the corruption that existed.

00:47:45--> 00:48:19

And that's why that's how Allah so I can just to point out to the people of Gehenna you where they knew things were going wrong, but didn't take action when they should have. This does not take a rocket science scientists to figure out for a man to say that to his wife, and then she's in that position, everyone knows us wrong. And everyone knew that was wrong. But again, maybe today, it's a similar maybe, maybe, I don't know, maybe I'm maybe having young ladies grew up into a society where they are told that they have to look a certain way, they have to have a certain image in order for them to be accepted or to order for them to see themselves as beautiful and attractive. Maybe that's

00:48:19--> 00:48:43

just as toxic. I don't know, maybe Amy's toxic to tell somebody that if you don't look, if you're not of a certain height to a certain weight, or if you're not a certain figure, if you don't carry yourself in a certain manner, then you're not. Maybe that's just as toxic. Maybe we know that's toxic. Maybe we know that we just don't care, because it serves a purpose of those who are already deviated and it just let it happen. Who do you think that serves? It helps?

00:48:44--> 00:49:15

Surely doesn't I'm sure it does not help the lady. I'm sure it does not help young ladies who want to who are who are more than just whatever their physique is. Because human beings are not just a pack and outdoor and outside packages, and just something to look at. There's much more to them than that. So it's not serving them, telling them or making them feel that they have a look a certain way and carry themselves a certain way in order for that to be okay. Maybe it's serving another group, a group that enjoys that, that want everyone to look a certain ways for their own personal entertainment. So we know something's wrong. We can see this is not healthy and it's not

00:49:15--> 00:49:47

appropriate. It's not dignifying it's not respectful, and it's making life difficult and it's taking away essence and meaning and, and profound just from people's experience life, its life's experiences, maybe we should we should say something about it. Maybe we should point out that that's and maybe we should be a little bit more vocal about it. Maybe like this lady who came in argued with the Prophet alayhi salatu salam and said this is not right. We've always known understand now why this is it's not like that story existed. That's why this story is there. Because she she she was just he's had a good feel for her children. She said this would be what was known this was

00:49:47--> 00:49:59

wrong. Yasser Allah has always been wrong. It's impossible that Islam is not going to say this is wrong. Because we know what fringer Helia times because she is like you told me she's a bit older. She was around for a long time and Jania for them

00:50:00--> 00:50:33

Are you ever like she grew up in Jackie Leah, she, she's a party. She's not from Christ, by the way. He's not as sensitive Ibrahim, he doesn't even have that background. She was just a normal human being who could see what was right and what was wrong. And she came in to argue this is oppressive, we've always known it's oppressive. You can't tell me anything about this is not a problem. I just I don't have a ruling or get a ruling, because this can't be okay. And that was alright. Because when it comes to stuff that are not obvious, when we know something is harmful, but we let it go on for so long. And we see the harm. Like I see with my own eyes, I can see what it does to the confidence

00:50:33--> 00:51:01

of young ladies, I see what it does to their mentality, I see what it does to how they carried themselves and what they're focused on, and how they grew up what they care about growing up, it hurts to know that this is what it hurts because I have a daughter and it kills me to know that this is what she's going to be subjected to in her life, that she's going to be somehow led to believe that the way she looks is more important than what she thinks and what she feels and what she hopes and what kills me that that's that's that's sick. Now that shouldn't be the case you shouldn't be as she shouldn't be caring about this stuff. Yes, there are some has rulings of how we all dress and

00:51:01--> 00:51:38

how we look at each other and how we perceive that stereotype protect us as a society to keep to keep dignity and to keep chastity amongst us. But but but the current way of the world with this over sexualization of everything with this ability to people, people, you understand the number of pictures that exist now in the world. Let's go back 100 years, remember those cameras that would burn your retina if you looked straight at them. So to get a family portrait was like a big deal. You have to get dressed up like a planet for a week. Now there's like as they give a number that like a zillion I don't even know what that is, like my mind stops with a billion. I understand

00:51:38--> 00:52:13

comprehend. I understand abstractly what a trillion is. And then you give a number to the zillion pictures out there. And people are taking pictures of themselves all the time. And and it's becoming extremely graphic. And people are not held to a certain standard that they shouldn't be held to. And it's not fair. And it's not respectful. There's no it's not dignifying. And it's ruining minds, and it's ruining everything, running everything. This is me just gonna end that rant, because I'm going to do this on Jumaane Sharma, I'm going to rant you guys so hard on you over the next couple of weeks. Because I think I think that we definitely need to do a little bit of a revision of how we're

00:52:13--> 00:52:47

allowing life to exist around us. We're not saying anything about it, but we're just letting letting go. We know this is toxic. We know this is harmful. We know because it's affecting marriages and affecting people's mindset affecting young men, it's affecting young women affecting how they perceive themselves and others and how and how families are actually being delayed. And families are getting smaller and they're getting less stable and they're becoming more difficult to manage and and that's not healthy. That's that's not good. If you look at this story as a story of eternity, if you look at Islam as something that was should continue till the end of time and only grow and where

00:52:47--> 00:53:03

we are right now is not very. It's not very uplifting. It's a scary time scary time. I'm talking to people and I have siblings and I have my own children. This is not this is not right. There's something there's something seriously wrong with how we're doing all this. And

00:53:04--> 00:53:39

when the Himalaya coluna Moon Karim middle cold and they knew all along they were saying things that were wrong that were wrong socially. They knew it was wrong. They knew it was wrong just based on their based on their simple ethics and they knew it was Zora and its ally. xuer is when you say something that you know was was Uhura. And not only was it wrong, and they knew it was wrong, it's also a lie. It's false, false, Hawaii, everything about it is oppressive and false. Prophet alayhi salam said when it comes to Zulu things, or saying something that is false, it will be asked by the Sahaba and it's happened a couple of times what is Kabbalah yet also Allah? What are the worst of

00:53:39--> 00:53:57

the of the major sins? He would say sometimes shidduch first, most of the time, it's a shock for us, but sometimes he wouldn't. Then he would say something like, hopefully by the day, maybe this was like in your fairy and sometimes he would say something else like Caitlyn neffs murdering someone, but we have like four or five narrations where the third one was always to her that was

00:53:58--> 00:54:24

giving false false testimony or saying something you know is wrong. But somehow there's, there's some self interest in it for you. So you'll see it anyways. Because you know, you're going to, you're going to bank it, you'll benefit from it, he will see. And one of the iterations we have from Osama bin Zayed will be Allah 101 Hebrew in Hebrew, the beloved son of the of the Beloved of the Lord, he said, the Prophet alayhi salam would say Allah will show her that was xuer indeed false testimony. You repeat it

00:54:25--> 00:54:26

Hello, what's your herd to Zoo?

00:54:27--> 00:54:30

What's your had to do when you go like this? To zoo

00:54:31--> 00:54:59

later who said that? Until we said I wish the person who asked the question never asked the question because I'm upset he got out of your salatu salam. Because when you when you say that which is false, and you allow it to exist sometimes a lie can grow like beyond your wildest imagination and you can ruin it can ruin more than just a story it can ruin a society in a generation. When hola hola I feel wonderful for and indeed Allah is the One Who grants pardons and the one who forgives the there's all this fear and this idea that

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

If what you said was wrong, was a lie. You should have never said it. You should be ashamed for saying it. But Allah is the One Who grants pardons, and he is the one who forgives.

00:55:09--> 00:55:40

He's practicing out of his love subhanaw taala that you will be forgiven. If you made a mistake, you'll be forgiven for it, no problem, but it was wrong. And it was a lie. And it should have never happened. But you will be forgiven. If you do the right thing you'll be forgiven because Allah subhanaw taala never closes the door or those who repent ever. No matter what you do, you can always find your way back. And that's important. That's why this the ending of this idea is stating that he is supine to what's out of the park, the Pardoner the one who grants pardon is the one who forgives because that is what you need to hear after after verses that were that a verse that was not heavy.

00:55:40--> 00:55:42

It was just like the one after it

00:55:43--> 00:55:58

or we'll say the two in a row and I'll just I'll give you the ruling all you need to know really from the story at the end is just what the ruling is not like a run into this at any point but you understand how it works. When the new war hero Nermeen Nisa him

00:56:04--> 00:56:08

some Maya una Lima Callooh

00:56:12--> 00:56:17

but a hurry Rocco aubertin meal Powderly I

00:56:19--> 00:56:20

see

00:56:28--> 00:56:39

so you see the mud on right after it there is a letter a scene and on the scene you will see a shudder whenever you see a med and right after the letter with a shudder on it you do six counts

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blindly you don't even ask anybody when he will see a med and after the letter that has a shed on it, it's automatically going to six count to a

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search so you give it a six count is longer than all the other meds and every other med in the Quran will be four and this is the this is how fun awesome and sharply be this is just the citation that I'm sharing with you here. There are many other ways to recite the Quran. So if you come from you know Morocco or Libya or parts of Sudan or you come from parts of

00:57:13--> 00:57:27

Pakistan and Bangladesh and Afghanistan there are other resources that are used there so you may have learned to read a little bit different that's okay but this is already citation that we're using here so if you want to learn this is how it's going to be recited the alikoum to be

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well Allahu Bhima Dharma Luna hobby

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firmer lemmya Judah fell sia Moshe, ye Nemo that be I mean

00:57:52--> 00:57:55

mele cubberly A yet

00:57:57--> 00:57:57

SIR

00:58:04--> 00:58:10

for millennia stallion Alpha airport, musi Tina Myskina.

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The legally to me No, he was too early

00:58:27--> 00:58:30

what till cuckoo do law

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we're Lyrica theory in the moon Ali.

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And he says and those who perform this act of Bihar, they say these words regarding their wives men Nissa T him. So may I will do an email call and then they go back and they want to make this right. You want to correct what they said you want to return to what they sent me the return to correct what they said. But the hate or rocket button mean poverty and yet, Ms. Tamasa when they mean when they're united again, when they come back together with if he wants to come back together with his wife again after seeing that after making that oath that you're like to me like my mother, before you get a master before he actually concentrates the relationship again, then he must free INEC or

00:59:19--> 00:59:54

free a person for the Heyoka yes, they're free or slave, the Polycom to Allah whenever he this is what Allah subhanaw taala teaches you to alguna is what you're being taught is what you're being asked to do with Allah who will be knocked down by Luna Medina and Allah knows all Javier is always used when Allah subhanaw taala is saying I know all I know even what you're thinking about what you're you're doing privately that no one else knows about I know on how he was always there's always an aspect of something is happening on the inside which is clear within the context of this area by MLM aged and those who cannot find a slave to free pasta. Yeah, I'm not sure how long you

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need more data behind me and probably ATMs, then you must fast for two

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month straight in two consecutive months before you actually go back and have relation with your wife, but many of them yes Delta those who are not able to do this for your car and Musa Tina Myskina then you feed 6060 needy people or 60 people.

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There luckily to me know Billahi Rasool that is that you get so that you can you do that to prove that you believe in Allah and His Prophet. This is what this is saying. If you perform a dis mistake, that if you want to make it right then you free a slave, you can't do that. Then you fast for two months, you can't do that and you give you feed 60 needy people and you do that to prove that you truly believe in Allah and His Prophet because this is the Allah's way, because ALLAH SubhanA does not accept this type of oppression, because this type of hate behavior is not acceptable, and it never will be. And if you truly believe in Allah is properly then you will

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perform this expiation is called Kafala. You perform this explanation to remove yourself from the mistake and that sin that you have committed will Katharina Aleem, and regarding the ones who refuse to do that they will be heavily punished. The caveat here is I mean, the display is not just believer is the one who refuses to do this. And

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the context for is important. And the word caffeine here is referring to those who will perform this act and will refuse to go ahead and correct it. So he calls what I've been thought of back after this verse was these verses were revealed. And he told her that Allahu fique Yakama Allah Allah has revealed a hokum for you regarding this.

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What is it also Allah? Allah is Hadith alleged Zucchi I've done you're going to have your husband find a slave to freet

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he said he cannot afford to do that. Also Lola okay, then he

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passed for 60 days. He said he is a old chef and he cannot do this. The old man he can eat he'll he'll die he won't be able do it. Well then have him feed 1680 people he said he has no money to feed anybody

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what the heck and the behind slaughters me

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so you're not to help me because endo Arakan mentor yeah he has a little bit of dates by the way Indiana Can I have my own dates called OB for temporary era temporary we'll have MB I'll take I'll actually lend to I'll give him them I'll give them the time of that he needs like he only has enough he only has like enough tomato to feed maybe half of that oh and I'll give him some myself to call it her the need for outlining for these Oh Jackie go do this and you can hold on to me she did it hurt or the law why never own wealth like she actually went and paid for him to for help them pays it pay his cathedra Well, the Allahu Allah because he couldn't afford to do any of it. He was old

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and he had no money left and and she was taking care of the issue she was you did? The Allah Allah Allah she held on to her marriage based on and that's the story that we have never thought about. And the other one a very impressive human being honestly. So habia worthy of kind of studying a little bit of her of her life. And what she didn't she because he lived. Like it's not very often that you have someone who lived for a long time. And yeah, Helia that a long time in Islam, and was an early Muslim, you have people who did that. But we're late Muslims, like the acceptance, I'm very late. They didn't really spend a lot of time No, she accepted Islam early as early as she could,

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because the first 13 years that she didn't know about it, she was in Medina, but the moment she did, she accepted and she spent a lot of time with the family. It's awesome being educated that she lived a long time after MIT. It's awesome. And so what things became, so you have someone who has a very unique perspective, and being that unique as a person, you can see that, you know, she was worthy of an eye of the Quran to kind of, you know, eternalized her name for us and internalize the story of what she did when she felt that there was a social injustice that was occurring, that has not been addressed. And he was comfortable to go and point that out and argue about it. And and because he

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did that we have this problem. We don't have right now, this behavior, but we do have similar ones. And actually, these verses, you can't say that they're not being used, or these verses are actually quite are actually used a lot within but they're used regarding actions that are similar that men might do mean making certain oath or doing certain things of oppression to their wives. And then they're stuck with these explanations. I have never met actually anybody who's done the first two Well obviously I don't I never seen slave so I don't that's not there but no one has ever in front of me actually fasted two consecutive months ever. It's not even like no one even attempts to do it.

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Everyone just goes and feeds 60 mix which is actually very reasonable some wood for everyday and what does a certain like it's maybe a kilo or something of food for each day. It's like maybe maybe 15 bucks per person similar to what does it go through the filter is some scholar same with Damian to something up to 30 It's all together on it. So it's a little bit of my run $1,000 By the way, like if you're if you do the math appropriately, it's not a small amount, any amount of money that you need to pay, but it but it's appropriate, appropriate for the for the sin and the mistake that was actually practiced at that time. So that's the first piece of

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For the first paragraph of sort of images that you can see, maybe maybe you can start seeing a little bit about the theme of the suit. Or maybe maybe you haven't yet, I would advise you to continue to read the Sula angle and kind of look at the translation to kind of find out more what it's going to talk about. But I think we have, how much time do we have left? Nothing, right? We're done. Almost Okay, I have two minutes. So I won't do anything more. But

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I find this story to be it's one of my favorite I took I took all this time because I love this story. I've always felt it to be very, very powerful and very, it's only when I at the beginning. The rest of it is all the ruling I felt when I at the beginning for him to start out by saying Indeed Allah has heard you has heard you as you argue with the prophet as you complain to Allah as you debate with him. You heard you you heard you that he entered into prove that was heard you have three verses afterwards that point out the DAS das study of this mistake of how bad that the action is and how and how, look at the expiation look at the heaviness of the actual Guevara like meaning

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it's going to cost you 1000 bucks to get out of this mistake that you made. Even if you were to

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free a slave it's not going to cost you less than that. And fasting to 60 days Oh my god, you're feeling big Ramadan you can do due to Ramadan is in a row outside of it because of a mistake. That's a heavy, either most most other explanations like for example, if you, you know, don't make up for Ramadan day, and then other Ramadan comes, then you Oh, feed one miskeen that's what you see. That's it, and then you make up for the day, but you're just one miskeen 60 miskeen, you know, to be 60 people, that's a lot of people too big. That's a big thing that you have to do. So you know the, the heaviness of the sin based on the heaviness of the Cafaro the expedition that requires and this

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Guevara is the cathedra of someone who would perform who would ruin a day of Ramadan on purpose by having relations with their wives or this is what they would have to do so heavy that heavy punishment because it's a heavy sin. And that's what Allah Subhan is saying about this is that heavy sin. You don't do that? You think a simple one to a couple how to mute me like my mother. No, no, that's oppressive. And that's unfair. That's unjust. And that's disrespectful. That's harmful. And because it's that bad, because everybody knows but it's going to have a heavy punishment attached to it. And good for Hola Hola, Juan, our data going in arguing about and what a beautiful community

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existed that she felt comfortable to do so Salalah highly assigned, we've settled and provided that Nope, that was a benefit to you. Okay, we'll continue with our next weekend. So oh my god, honey Shala to bring some notes