Tafseer Surah Fatir #03

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 47.50MB

Episode Notes

Dec 9, 2018

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Okay, so we're gonna do start from a number eight Joe lon sort of fell swoop.

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if you do a quick recap of what we kind of looked into over this was talked about so far, you'll find,

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as I said, it's the third surah in the cluster from his up to the Zoomer. And the first two had different approaches of the concept of submission and obedience and BA of Allah subhanaw taala. Islam was to Islam, and sort of the fact that he's the one that's going to talk about the concept with a bit more depth, me, it's not going to give as many examples, it's not going to talk about incidents, just like Sudha, or somebody you can talk to about incidents. I've talked about incidents within the life of the prophet someday. So let me start by talking about incidents that happened, you know, quite a while back, you're not going to find many stories, in, in sort of folklore. So

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it's about there's almost story lists Surah, it's kind of it's kind of rare, to be honest. There's not masons in the Quran that are of the length of fault. So if you look at it, it's

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crept up on around six pages, it's rare for a six page to have almost no stories within it is quite

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rare in the Quran. Again, these little things you'll pick up on when you're looking at sort, and you're comparing things, so many, many sides, because it sort of father is not trying to give examples, is going to talk about the concept of submission, and methodology. Methodologically, or he looked at it from a

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grant perspective is going to talk about who you're submitting to why you're submitting how that happens, what the obstacles are with the difficult difficulties, how, you know, the reasons for achieving it. So this is what it looks like, we're going to do it. So it's a very deep suit on that sense. And there's a lot of benefits and understanding it a lot. It's very beautiful to read as well. So how it started out was by talking about talking about Allah subhanaw taala. And the first three or four verses were just, or at least, the first two verses, were kind of selling the point that this is who Allah subhanaw taala it's felt really similar to with Jai and Mala, it could be

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also talking about him Subhanallah with his great

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attributes and His names, because he's of Hakeem talking about that, if he gives a mercy that no one can withhold it. And if he withholds it, and no one can give it, these are things that is why you should have this who you're submitting to, you're not sending to anyone, which is which is an important point as a as a human being, you don't give up your freewill to anyone, it's only for Allah subhanaw taala. And the reason is, because he has all this because this is who he is to partner with Tyler. And then after that we had to

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two commands Allah subhanaw taala said, Yeah, you had natural people and talk to people in general of all backgrounds of all faiths and

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beliefs. He gave to do commits, the first time I got on the AMA to La he can recall the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala upon you. So it was focused on the concept of gratitude. And the second one was a bit different. In our ad, Allah He had filata oranda, convert higher to dunya. And indeed, the Promise of Allah subhanaw taala is the truth. So do not be deluded. Do not be misguided. Don't be fooled. By the worldly life, don't be fooled by it. So two things recommended at the beginning. And we didn't really talk about though I explained the verses by I didn't take time to kind of talk about them together. So what I'm going to do, which is what I'm going to do today, for a bit, at

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least, is that these two commands, you put them together,

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being grateful. In Greek Being grateful is not as simple as just just putting it like that. It's just grateful for things. No, it's a it's a way of

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its way of thought it's a perspective that you either you have or you don't about literally everything that goes on in your life. Are you someone who feels privileged to be

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to be white, just not just to be do you feel privileged? That You Are you say are what No, just are? Do you feel privileged or not? It's a way of life, it's just a way of thinking, do you? Is that your perspective? Or is it not? Do you feel that in order for you to achieve a certain level of happiness or to start feeling grateful? There's a there's a long list of standards that need to be met, so that you can feel happy? Or are you someone who just based on the simple package just being alive? You You think this is something worthy of being grateful for it understand the difference? It's a way of looking at things that you either you you obtain in life or you don't obtain in life, there's

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really no midway here. So that's what we call an amygdala hijack. I'm always remind yourself of the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala, which one is anyone and he gave two basic ones had him Harlequin, the fact that he created you yourself. were convinced that you will not have any provides for you. Those still just remind yourself of those every day that you were created. And you're provided for, you know, be very, very happy in the midst of a competitive life system, social, financial,

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professional educational system that we live in, where everything is very, very competitive.

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It's easy to stop, to stop feeling grateful and

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privileged and you can feel that what you're good at

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In a competitive system, you're always comparing between you and in others, and there's always going to be a gap between you and those who are, who are 10 or 15 steps ahead, or even one step ahead or two steps ahead, you feel that, you know that there's this gap, and why is there this gap? Well, that can cause a lot of depression and can cause a lot of anxiety and compete people feel really, you know, feel worthless and lose the, you know, the reason to get up in the morning. And, and the reason for that is just that we don't have a grateful perspective of life a perspective of gratitude, that, you know, the fact that I'm here is a big deal, you know, I could have easily not

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been, so this is great, you know, I can, whatever I can do with this, this is a big dealing. So that makes a difference in how you how you look at things. And that why is that important? Well, it's important when you put it with the second one, it is the beauty of these two, as well as what I said, Yeah, you heard us twice, you didn't give two commands in a row. And one, no, you called out twice and give to the command just to say these are two separate things. The benefit of them is when you bring them in when you bring them together. So that perspective. So your that's your outlook. That's how you see things. The other one is not being fooled.

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By the worldly life knowing that there's more to this story than what meets the eye immediately. What you see right now is not the full picture, there's more to come, don't be fooled by what seems to be very much intriguing, or fun at this point where you are right now, which is maybe wealth or

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status, or whatever it is that you feel that you have the ability to obtain that maybe you don't have right now, or you wish you had. So he put them both together. Now this is how you submit to Allah subhana wa Tada. Being grateful that you're here, not being fooled by what you're going to deal with in your life as you move as you move forward, as you move forward. And moreover, which is here, the one who wants to elude you are the one who wants to fool you, or shows you things to be different than what their actual value is, which is Shavon. In this in the context of these verses that Allah Subhanallah is joining us

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with that the Promise of Allah was no other lie. The Promise of Allah is truthful, is righteous meaning here that there's going to be the Day of Judgment after. So if you have gratitude for what you have right now. And you know that what's coming is a day of

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extreme meticulous judgment, you will be asked about everything that you were given. So shouldn't be fooled by the little with a small amount of

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possessions that you didn't get right now, or that you feel that you weren't, you weren't lucky enough to obtain, you put in the most together, this is how you ended up being able to submit, this is not the full concept of submission, meaning submission is a bigger, it's a bigger idea. But you will not be able to achieve it. If these two concepts aren't a part of who you are, if you're going to achieve this is what you need. You need to be able to be grateful for everything you've got, no matter how little it is, or how under this standard of your personal feeling it is meaning you may feel you deserve more you want more, or you are trying to, you're ambitious, to get more. So having

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that. And the fact that you're not fooled. We can't fool you with simple stuff with with money, or with status, or with anything at all you're not you're not going to be eluded by the simple stuff of dunya. If those two things are there, and they're separate,

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because you can be grateful, but still be fooled by by your dunya. You can be grateful what you have, but you owe your full by doing Yeah, you always want more of it. And you always feel that this is something that is worthy of your time worthy of your

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of your efforts, and worthy of your focus, meaning and you'll meet those people, this is the thing that you can meet examples of that are non Muslims. If you look around living the world, especially in this country, you have that

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opportunity here in this country to see people from different ways of thought and different ways of life. If you if you really look at things if you're an observant individual, you kind of look around and you watch a kind of watch for for trends and traits and people you'll find that there are people who are very who seem to be very grateful. They're very, very happy with what they have, but they don't believe in God at all. Why? Because they didn't get this last part for that to go Rhonda wasn't a part of their of their equation, they are fooled by this dunya they think this is the hole, there's nothing else but this is the picture. There's no beyond it. So they're always trying to get

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more but they're happy with what they have. And they seem to leave to lead a pretty decent life, right? And then you have the opposite. You have people who are ungrateful, but they're not fooled also by by dunya. Meaning that those are the people who kind of don't really care whether they have a lot are not mean they're not always trying to get more they know it's all garbage. It's all just just a hoax, it's all you don't really find happiness in it. You don't really get fulfillment through through possessions or anything by the center. They're not grateful for what they have. They're actually very,

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very disgruntled towards existence, meaning they're always feeling that this word, Why is life and why did God do this? And why not more on why not better so they're not happy with them. And you see both both trends in this especially in this community very easily to

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It's all over the place that Muslim in order for, and this is not submission, this is an order for you to submit you need to have to do these two things, you have to be grateful for what you got. And you can't be fooled by by by what your what surrounds you right now, you can't be fooled by the little stuff by possessions and status and money and, and wealth and you got to be fooled by

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by this, like there's more to it. There's more to it than what you see right now, the picture is much broader. And there's a continuation that comes after after death. So if you carry both, then you're prepared to actually submit to Allah subhanaw taala properly, but without them, you can't. So I think I think it's worthy of noting that these these two commands,

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what are the percentage of Muslims who actually

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follow them properly? Isn't what I'm trying to say. Like, if you were to look at the Muslim population, how many of us have both have a perspective of gratitude? I'm not saying just they say it hamdulillah when you're at the actual inner feeling of gratefulness for everything that they haven't laid, and they're not fooled, meaning the bigger picture is clear to them, and they don't value that they don't overvalue Adonia because

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who is when you're told that the value of something is more than it actually is? It's actually less than that. So you're just some illusion, you're deluded? So how many if you were to take Muslims, do we all as Muslims all have these two concepts quite clearly grasped? And this is what we're, I don't know, I know, I wrote that we don't really have that as much as we should. Even though they're very simple concepts that the Quran teaches all through the author was versus almost all the time.

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Would you find it was interesting in

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the sewers of the crime, and I'm sure this general piece of information, remember it number seven, the last one read. So it says it's been a couple of months to do this believers are waiting them is a severe punishment, one of the nominal annual slightly Hatena humble Felton and those who believe in do the deeds and Allah Subhanallah freedom to do will find forgiveness and a great reward. Well, isn't that obvious? Isn't it obvious? Yeah, it's totally obvious. So why is it here? What's the point of this idea here? Don't you feel that the suitor would survive? Totally fine without it? And I getting what I'm trying to say, Now, you would disorder suffer. Without this? I could, it's pretty

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clear. I mean, we all know that, that's fine. But you see that. This is why sometimes we think the Quran has repetitiveness in it or, but it's not. It is each soul on the planet will have each student the Quran

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states itself evident concept separately. So each sutra will come and say these are the self evident concepts we're going to use to discuss the following topics. So even if there's self evident cause in this maxim was something that is discussed elsewhere. Many times, if it's needed for the sutra, for the topic of the Surah, it will repeat itself, or you're trying to understand what I'm trying to say it's like you're arguing, it's like you're you're studying

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an equation in math or a concept in physics, before you go into the details. At the beginning the introduction of it, they'll have to state for you the basic equations that everyone you know, the equation, but they have to state them that is that our conclusion is drawn from the following, you know, initial equations, so use those self evident topics, and they may discard other self evident stuff, because they're not really needed for the conclusion that we have right here. That's what the Quran works. Each surah is its own unit. So when it's going to draw conclusions, it's going to state the maximum that it needs to draw those conclusions. So it's not being repetitive. No, no, it's just

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making sure that these are the topics I need you to think about. You have to think about honey that's why the biggest sort of began with that the concept of Gratitude has to be there for you or else you're not going to be able to quite understand the concept of the sutra. You have to understand Allah subhana certain descriptions of Allah subhanaw taala that existed at the beginning, we talked about the first two commands, even though these two commands aren't unique. The way that they're given maybe is because it's Yeah, you heard us twice in a row. Yeah, but the actual concepts otoconia Mithila Alec me that the first time only time is in the front. It's all over the Quran

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everywhere. If you go to different solos, it's almost everywhere. But no, because the maximum you're going to need is some is a self evident concept that you have to carry with you in order for this to make any sense.

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Lavina for whatever my that was, you're talking about a consequence. And reward is another maximum that is sort of wants you to carry as we move forward, or else if you don't have these Maxim's with you, then you get lost. Or you can say, Well, why doesn't the Quran just have

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a self evident pass at once? And then use everywhere? Well, here's the point. And here's a really interesting one that I think is worthy of sharing. You see, it's one of the worst things you can do is use a certain area and other sorta to force an explanation on an hour an understanding on an eye and a different surah. Sometimes you take one eye and it was thorough, and we try to use it to force an understanding of

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Find another idea and another swirl, where the understanding of that one was based on certain self evident top concepts that that sort of explain that this sort of didn't, it didn't talk about them and lift them out purposefully, so that this is a bit differently. And you're saying what I'm trying to say. So when we cross match like that almost

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blindly, and

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ignorantly we ended up messing things up. So if you got into the toolbar, you'll find it. So the toolbar has Maxim's in it, a bunch of self evident concepts right at the beginning, that will help you understand if later in the middle, when it talks about, you know, when it goes into the detail of war, and it goes into detail of sacrifice and fighting. So if you take those ideas, and you don't understand them in the light and understand them, in the light of the seams, the self evident concept of that sutra, or you try to understand them in the light of a act that exists in another sutra, you're messing everything up. Now, you're just now you're just making a salad, you just

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you're just putting it, you don't know what you're doing anymore. And this is what happens, you can't use this cross matching, or this cross evidence based from one side to the other, not understanding the purpose of each surah is based on the fact that we understand it's a unit, especially belongs to us. And that maybe I'm not talking about the small ones, the small ones are very simple, mainly for words, just it's just giving you a little that we didn't use. And it just gives you a small pill of just a small understanding, just a little concept for you to carry with you in your life. But the longer ones know, the longer ones, they bring their self evident

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statements with them. But each one at the beginning will give yourself these are the statements that we're basing our argument as we move forward on. And without these statements, the conclusions won't make sense, right. And without these statements, you won't able you won't be able to have a proper discussion. And we don't need other statements for this. For this conclude. So when you start to try to force an another statement from the Quran on it, you end up mixing things and you end up making missing a lot of stuff and making a lot of mistakes. Did that make any sense here? Or did you guys lose you there's a bit more of a general way of looking at the Quran that I'm interested in you

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understanding, it may come to your mind. Well, in that case, I have to be very careful when I try to understand an idea. In light of another idea from different sources. Exactly, you do have a very, very careful, you have to make sure that there are similarities similarities between these two sewers. But to make sure that both sources use similar similar self evident statements, you have to ensure that they both still have a similar line of narrative that they were using. Because if they don't, then mixing and matching will bring something forward called

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And that's what's called abrogation is when when I am literally removes the credibility of another one, saying that this guy over here doesn't apply anymore. And this one does. Now, this is something from a from an oil filter perspective.

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It's very difficult to talk about, there's a lot of difference of opinion upon it. I carry, I have a very strict way of looking at it that I really don't. And I don't really tolerate other ways of looking at things in it for surfers, for reasons that I'll explain in a moment.

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If you go through the history of Islamic law, you will find that a lot of the groups

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the majority of it, they were they were okay with the concept of abrogation. And the concept of it is not problematic because basically, the Quran abrogated the Injeel and the toto before and that's fine meaning when the final religion came and said the rest of the religions can you're no longer valid because for clear reasons, which is the loss of the authenticity of their books to begin with and the loss of the teachings. But then we started using obligation within the Quran that is recited, we started to say that certain recited verses will abrogate other recited verses. And some scholars went to the point where they would use say two or three verses in the Quran abrogate over

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125 different chapters, not paragraphs, paragraphs, so which adds up to around maybe 200 to 220 pages of the Quran that are completely

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wiped out in terms of their of their effects and their benefit, just by the claim of saying an AI abrogated another area. For example, the very, very low is with a toga party will Latina Allah he will fight those who don't believe in Allah and the day of judgment and the continuation. Instead of understanding that within the maximum self evidence statements absolute of double, which is very clear. It's very, very simple. And so that was one of the easiest sorts to explain. No one likes to go through because Allah but it's one of the easiest ones to explain. It's filled up filled up with mercy. It's called Toba. It's called the repentance anyways, they take that and the abrogate, have

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the Quran with it. You tell them well, Allah subhanaw says, apologizes, let her cry for Deen. There's no There's no.

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What's the word for it? It compulsion are in or coercion right? Coercion is coercion and in religion. You say well that's that was abrogated. But this and then you start giving all the verses that talk about people having freedom of choice and they chose abrogate

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In abrogated, well why? Well, because of this, this lack of understanding of how the things work. Each suit has a bunch of self evidence statements that it puts at the beginning, that you're going to need to understand the conclusion. It draws conclusions of drawers. So that's what's what's Foster? Has it livina federal government should even know. So I had it on my filter module, you'll see that everyone knows that why is that here? It's a self evident statement that you need, in order for the rest of the source to make sense. Yeah, there has to be something on your radar, it's like it's giving you all the other little basic equations, or the basic understandings, this equals this,

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this means this, okay, based on these, this is, these are all the conclusions to draw. And every Surah does, especially the long was all them do that. And I always talked about that here that the introduction of the surah brings forward five to six different concepts. And then it says going, why because those concepts are going to need without those concepts, you can't understand the surah. And when we started cross mixing all this, it says this from a different sort of, well, these aren't necessarily talking about the same thing to begin with. So you're so you don't understand that this self evident statement doesn't exist in that pseudo because that's sort of not talking about it

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specifically, is disregarding it right now, to argue a different concept altogether. This is this may be a bit advanced, or maybe a bit confusing, but this is how the client supposed to be looked at looked at. So those who stand up and start yawning, bringing forward a lot of

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Magical Thinking are very weird ways of looking at this, I feel like I'm sure this is not how Allah Subhanallah Well, it's usually because of that, mainly because they don't know how to navigate within the Quran itself, and not sure how to go by things. So it's not repetitiveness that was not repeating yourself. This is not just there. Because Allah had nothing else to say, just an additional, very important verse in the sutra. And I'm, I always use it as an example, you're gonna see, as we move through its father, this is going to be an important one, the concept of consequence whether, you know, punishment or reward, having that as a self evident concept that's there is going

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to be of extreme importance. So this whole argument, just dealing with ego is like a split unit, as a unit doesn't have to be that we don't have to use the word separate or split. But it's as a unit as a unit. Yeah. Is there any evidence from like, we're going to do?

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Well, why is it a sutra? What What's the benefit of? Yeah, so when the relation happened? Yeah, I was like, Sure, it's right. You know, so that's not always how it was. So sometimes you will just get a bunch of verses. And the prophets, I send them one specifically tell them, place it here, please it after that, of this surah in vitro for this one. And sometimes it's I would have to like, like a puzzle piece, stick it there, meaning this idea was revealed. And then this was revealed, and then one machine were revealed later. And we'd have to place them that this is going to die after this. And before this, and they would put the sewer together, sometimes especially especially the

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long ones in the middle, you especially belong with any ones, especially those took a long time, because they were revealed through through years and years of unmet pieces weren't as as spread out. But we do know for a fact, for example, that certain resemble the first 19 is came at once into the last one came later. So just the message we're taking from so there specific units, if you want to compare or to any obligation, that the premise for use, right kind of is similar. Yeah, exactly. Exactly. Some solos are very specific to context. And some of them are very, very general general. So it follows a general SUTA. Why? Because it doesn't talk about stories and doesn't give examples

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of his life, some of them or anyone else's.

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Moments, stories, enter stories or context. So he's a context of scenario, right? It gives you a scenario now you have context for that for teaching you. You have a sir has noticed this scenario, isn't it? It's just one command. And one concept of the other, you know, this is more generalized, yes.

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Good. So when, of course abrogation is a huge topic it takes like when you say you have a good 10% of time you will spend studying could just be on abrogation itself, because of how controversial difficult is to understand and actually go into detail. The thing is, we don't know for sure, this is the point, we do not know with full certainty, which was revealed before, which is we don't really know for sure. What we do know for sure is that everything that is mucky, was revealed to before everything that is Madani, that we know that for sure, but everything else is controversial if we have a high probability of this sort of coming before this one, for me, for example, I can

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with with you know, with not 100% certainty, but with some level of degree of confidence, I can tell you that sort of Makara well before sort of Toba in Revelation with some degree of confidence based on a lot of

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attributes and aspects of both sewers that will make me give me the ability to actually to say that, however, the last verse in the Quran was in, so to Makara, the last I ever to be revealed, the last one was your mentor Jonah v.

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So, for I was to use timing as evidence for abrogation

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is a very weak argument that falls to pieces once, once critically, Yanni, appraised and spoken up Yanni and argued the discussion is very, very weak. So you need other things that are that are gonna break everything you just it's not just a based on on timing is there's more to it than that.

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Now I'll tell you how you should understand it, that whatever was abrogated, was abrogated during the life of the prophet or something they said them and didn't make its way into the Quran, meaning was abrogated, both in concept and re citation. And this is the opinion that I that I carry that I think, and I really don't

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know, except I understand people see it differently. That's fine, but but I don't accept it. I think it's wrong. I'll tell you something. There's two opinions you can take either I like one but the other one's fine. I'm telling you just two opinions and one is wrong. That's totally wrong. That's totally wrong. That opinion for my number is actually very dangerous. It's very that you're giving someone the ability to take the word of God and say doesn't count. That is I can't do that. I don't know maybe some people have the ability have the have the guts to say that I don't if he said it, then I'm gonna I'm gonna I'm gonna live by it. I don't care whether you for you to say to abrogate

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it, even who says abrogate by another word of God. For you to say that something he said doesn't count is way beyond my ability, my

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my comfort level to ever tell you about anything that I actually have in my head. So I believe whatever was abrogated, and there are things that were abrogated. They didn't make their way into the Quran. They're not here. They were taken out of the Sunnah by the prophet, Muhammad, this doesn't count anymore. It's out. Yes.

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Exactly. That's the opinion that I carry. And I think if you look at it another way, you're opening the door for failure, you're going to fail if you walk it, because if you take the logical, if you take the logical consequences of looking at it differently, you're going to hit a lot of walls, and you're going to, you're going to figure out that this doesn't work out to go back, maybe maybe nothing in the corner is abrogate and they're like, alright, this works way better, actually understanding because now you start you're forced to understand as soon as you're forced to look at the SUTA as a unit, you're forced to look at itself and in concept, you're forced to understand its

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context and its timing, and you start understanding things, you start understanding the dynamic, the dynamic nature of what you're reading, and it doesn't, it becomes much more colorful, and much more deep. However, when you when you abrogate you just it's a one, it's a very closed minded narrative that they usually usually those who who argue for this are those who

00:27:26--> 00:28:00

have a very clear agenda, very clear agenda, like very clear before even talking about the crowd with them, you know, what they're thinking, Yeah, I need that either there, you know, in my, in my experience of talking about it, they're either they're either extremely, you know, they're what they call to the terrorists and people were, you know, or bloody, or they are, they're politically Jonnie driven for a specific group, specific game, they want something to be this way. And this helps them, you know, push their idea forward. So abrogating certain parts and keeping other parts works for them. But I, again, if you open the door for for people to start pointing out verses and say, These

00:28:00--> 00:28:29

verses don't count, where does it end? Who gets to who gets to? Or we just say, no, no, everything we have here is the word of Allah SubhanAllah. We have to find a place for it to be practice with and it's all it's very possible. It's not very possible, it's very easy, actually. Some of them playing is impossible, there is no contradict each other. No, they're not you just you don't know what you thought you just again, you don't know what you're what you're doing. You just lost in the middle of the story, you don't know the self evident. statements that are sort of made at the beginning, you understand the premise, you don't know understand the context, you don't know when,

00:28:29--> 00:28:33

and you just you. And again, there's an agenda issue, there's always gonna be a gender issue.

00:28:34--> 00:28:55

I wanted to share that just because I thought it was I forgot to do it last time. And because I remember, seven looks like a very simple idea. That's kind of Yeah, but usually things sometimes get taught in concepts or topics or concepts. Yeah, they're like such a book where, say, or something collected, if it's relevant to it, and I believe so.

00:28:57--> 00:29:15

Someone can get a whole idea was explained. Yeah. I don't know if it's, I don't know, I don't know if it's done with that, to that extent, where it's looked out from all the, from the concepts within the Suez itself, I don't know. But I believe that there are collections out there, where they go through all the verses that talked about about Toba, for example, as a concept.

00:29:16--> 00:29:51

I'm not very good with giving you examples, especially English examples of English language, I don't know. But I'll look into it, and see and see what we can do. What I'm more interested in, see it again, the point of me saying all this, what really interests me is for you, to be able to learn to navigate a bit like we read the Quran to have some sense of direction of knowing what's going on, knowing what to do and what not to do. It helps you it helps you actually understand it with a bit more depth. See this simple concept that I've shared with you throughout the years of just how to look at the sewers and the concept of the units. And when you do these things, you're already like

00:29:51--> 00:29:59

Way ahead of you know, hundreds and 1000s of other people that look at the Quran and don't know what they're doing at all you just having that basic idea in the back of your mind that there has to be

00:30:00--> 00:30:00

Got a

00:30:02--> 00:30:11

line that connects all the verses, it has to be a concept that has to be a theme that's talking about, there has to be the meetings have to, you know, help each other or

00:30:13--> 00:30:32

serve each other forward in drawing conclusions, just looking at it like that you're already in quite quite a bit of head, they didn't really need that long time ago, because this is actually pretty much common sense. For those who understand the language. Clearly. Now, even even people who speak Arabic, they don't their grasp of the Arabic language from a linguistic and

00:30:33--> 00:31:04

creative perspective is very weak, we don't really and even though just because they don't really do it very well. So when you compare it people back then this was kind of clear to them, they didn't really fall into these problems, because it was very just came naturally. That's what this was saying, obviously, you hear it, we have to talk about it. And it pointed out and for them, it was just this, what do you mean? Like, were you listening? Or were you not paying attention to what the doctor was actually saying, for us? It doesn't, that's not how it resonates with them. And it's fine, because it's just, it's 1400 years later, and the, you know, the we don't most people don't

00:31:04--> 00:31:32

speak the language is not their first language. And even those whose first language, they never actually learned the language properly. Anyone went to school, like the flanked Arabic grammar, like 10 times, and they don't know. So they don't really understand how the whole thing works together. So it's not really, so we've kind of yeah, we've lost that. And that's why I bring it up. But the reason I bring these things up is because this is what's been lost. So when you ask me is there I don't know, if they're historically out there, maybe you know, that's what we should be doing. Maybe that's what we should be putting forward in putting out there and are studying first and

00:31:32--> 00:31:54

understanding and gathering and looking and then putting forward to people to take a look at but if you look, I think you'll find like I think a lot of people were thinking down these lines were putting out material. I just I'm not I'm not up to date with it all. Okay, so that was just a little something I want to share. So again, you have now you have a bunch of so what are the self evident concepts that the Suez already shared? Gratitude has been one of them,

00:31:55--> 00:32:27

the day of judgment and the fact that you should not be deluded, you should not be fooled by the worldly life that chiffon is your is an enemy, he's out there, and that consequence, whether punishment or reward is awaiting you. So these are five self evident concepts as the sword has put forward for you. Right. And now as the sort of moves forward, it's gonna kind of build on that slowly, he's gonna build on it. So it comes to conclusion so that you can actually feel and that's why that's the beauty of reading the the sort of a surah of the Quran that kind of takes you through it walks you through, you know, doesn't come to the conclusion immediately. And that's why in the

00:32:27--> 00:32:50

sorta we always have an anchor a verse, I always point out an anchor. This is an idea that the whole sort of revolves around, right and that was huge 10 pages when I came in right? Number 36 Everything revolves around the circle just come into the area and you understand it properly took it took it but it needed to build up to it and to give examples need to comment on that. So that makes sense. But that's the anchor verse.

00:32:51--> 00:33:02

In the Quran works differently with anchor verses, sometimes you have more than one sometimes just one sometimes to build up to it. Sometimes it's at the beginning, it's commentary. Sometimes the whole thing is building up to that one thing at the end. Depends does it differently so what filter

00:33:04--> 00:33:22

is different it's yeah, it moves. It's a logical switch that takes step by step kind of moves you forward moves you forward, giving you different way of looking at things, but the climax is definitely towards the end. Okay, so we'll start with a number eight. We'll try to read maybe two or three if inshallah we'll be learning in a shape on your body.

00:33:24--> 00:33:25


00:33:26--> 00:33:29

Bismillah R. Rahman Al Rahim.

00:33:34--> 00:33:40

Xuyen Allahu su Ellie. He fell off who has an

00:33:50--> 00:33:54

in law her you will be looming yesha.

00:33:55--> 00:33:58

The main Yasha

00:34:09--> 00:34:12

suka Ali him has a lot

00:34:17--> 00:34:22

in Allaha Ali Iman Bina Yasna goon.

00:34:28--> 00:34:37

So the verses that we're going to read these two after in a row are going to discuss a bit the concept of being fooled.

00:34:38--> 00:34:58

filata oranda. Come, came came in. Number five. So I tell you, don't be fooled. Don't be deluded. Don't let people don't look to do any don't let the shutdown show you what what is not true. There's a bit there's two verses in a row there kind of just bring that bring that concept home. Who you know, know who superfamily he

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

has no

00:35:00--> 00:35:16

But what about the person was what that actually means this thing? And I swear the person? Or what about the person who the bad deeds Sue Amelie he the deeds that weren't good that he that he performed the bad deeds that he performed? So, you know, they were

00:35:18--> 00:35:19

alluded to him or they were

00:35:21--> 00:35:54

presented to him in a way for who has no and that he saw them to be good. Right. So what about the person who performed bad deeds, but they were presented to him, they were shown to him as if they were to be good as if they were actually good for who has to know. What about that person? That Allah Subhanallah, who is saying to the prophet is what can you do for them? How can you how can you fix someone or help someone who is doing something wrong? But it appears to him that he's doing something right? Maybe they're making a mistake? But if you were to ask them, they think they're doing it right. How are you going to help someone like that?

00:35:55--> 00:35:55

What can you do?

00:35:56--> 00:35:59

You sign the contract? What how do you change that?

00:36:00--> 00:36:30

It's one of the most secret if you look at people, there's different ways when it comes to knowledge and ignorance. Right. There's, there's what, one of the I think it's not sure every single payer Morison amendment had heard. I can't remember anymore who said this. But here's what they said, what they said was that people are four types of people. There's Ireland. Yeah, Alamanda, who Jadam there's a person who knows, he knows that he knows and that's a scholar, listen to them take from them, that somebody should go to, because they know something they know they know it. Right, you can benefit from them. And then there are people who I am what I am and who I am they know, but they

00:36:30--> 00:36:35

just don't know that they know, meaning, you know, they they're skilled at something, but they just somehow they lost

00:36:37--> 00:36:48

connection with the fact that they're good at something. And they stopped really educating and teaching and they stop talking about it. And there's kind of leaving leaving a regular life, but they actually have a lot to offer. So any life you don't

00:36:49--> 00:36:53

kill crew who I know that's someone who has lost his way, or someone who's

00:36:54--> 00:37:25

not concentrating, or not concentrating, so go and remind them and take from them when we're not good. Jonah Hill, where I'm at now, Joe Hill, and there's someone who's, who's ignorant and knows that he's ignorant with Erica Hill and finally move on. That's someone who doesn't know what he's teach them, they need help with him manager, he doesn't know who they are. And then the ignorant person doesn't know he's ignorant, but has a knock on effect, if I do, that is an idiot, so stay away from them. Because that's an imbecile, there's nothing to do, if they don't know. And they're ignorant to their own ignorance,

00:37:26--> 00:37:34

there's nothing you can fix that that's life is gonna have to teach them the hard way. And then they have to come to a moment of self

00:37:35--> 00:38:00

truth, self exploration, where they're like, I don't know what I'm doing. And that usually happens late in life. Usually, if you haven't achieved that by your mid 20s, your next stop will be in your 50s, before you actually get a chance to look at it seriously, then you'll live 25 years and 20 years where you're just everything you're doing is wrong. I know people in their 60s and 70s, who literally know nothing really

00:38:01--> 00:38:38

evidenced by what they achieved, and what they were able to do. But they still are totally embracing the in the fact that they are the smartest person that ever walked the earth and they just not given the opportunity, or just everyone around them doesn't know what they're doing. And if you've looked around more, you'll find more of them. And then you get really scared that maybe you're one of them to get started. And that's a good thing. Because then you start wondering a bit Am I should I start watching and that's how you as you grow, you make sure that you're not one of those people, you know, someone who doesn't know what they're doing, and thinks that they do. I'm so Emily, for us in

00:38:38--> 00:38:51

a way but the guy who is doing bad deeds, but it's been presented to him again. So we're going to decorate it. So it's decorated, it's made look at it as good. And this person thinks I'm awesome. Everything I'm doing right now I feel because you know,

00:38:52--> 00:39:06

Professor hates me. Yeah, I got fired because you know, the bosses or a sister, and you know, media has no ability has no self insight, has no ability to see his own shortcomings at all, doesn't see himself mistaken and what he does.

00:39:08--> 00:39:15

And that's there's no, there's no cure for it. There's nothing I think you can do, to really scary, scary thing. I almost.

00:39:16--> 00:39:49

So when I explained to you the verse number five and tried to explain to you why it's important, like you need to have gratitude, you need to have that belief not to be diluted. This is why I was getting one step forward explained to us, this is why I don't want to be diluted. Because if you are diluted and if you are fooled, then this was gonna happen to you gonna be someone living a life of sin, or living a life of failure, or just just a falsehood, but you don't have the ability to see that. And you think you're doing it right, but you're not. And it's not gonna help you on the piano to come and say, Well, I didn't know. That's not going to work. Your whole job is to self regulate,

00:39:49--> 00:40:00

and to develop insight and to question yourself every step of the way to take a step back and make sure make sure that you're not being fooled that you're not, you're not missing anything. I usually look at things with a critical eye especially

00:40:00--> 00:40:17

When you're doing them, presumably you're seeing them always take a step back and say, Am I doing this right? Is it the right way? Is there a better way to do it? Is there anything else I can do that to improve this or to change it? And many people, most people like this, to be honest, most people like this, only only the very, very lucky Allah, or the very fortunate the people who are

00:40:18--> 00:40:30

who make it make a point in their lives to do it, that I'm going to self regulate, I'm going to develop my own insight, I'm going to question myself and revise my approaches all the time. Why so you don't be this guy.

00:40:32--> 00:41:09

So there's a part of the of the sentence that's missing. So as I'm answering the question, what is for the person who is, you know, fooled by his bad deeds that led to believe they're good, and that's the end of the sentence the sentence is the deleted part is something that is understood that you can't do anything for them yet, Allah there's nothing you can do. That's why Finn Allah, you'll do them on your shirt, we ID Manjusha Indeed, Allah subhanaw taala will miss guide who he wills and will guide who he wants or who he wills and it's also understood that ALLAH SubhanA wa misguide those who want Miss guidance and will guide those who want guidance or those who will to be guided

00:41:09--> 00:41:19

both both understandings are completely acceptable. And then the if part of the phonetic BNF suka Ali him hacer la May you not be in hospital

00:41:21--> 00:41:22

isn't sorrow

00:41:23--> 00:42:04

or feeling of regret, to sorrow and regret regret kind of putting together sorrow, husband, and regret isn't a dumb hospital is kind of something together, where you feel sad, and you're regretful why you regret you feel sad that the person lost is lost and you feel regret that you didn't help them more. That's the idea. But never suka don't waste, waste yourself. Or don't go, don't harm yourself don't have enough. So don't don't cause harm to yourself in sorrow and regret and remorse over these people over over what they've done, or the fact that they could visit because when you see someone like that, you know, you feel like you can't reach them. Well, or you feel like the so

00:42:04--> 00:42:07

far away, even though they're sitting right beside you, but they just can't

00:42:09--> 00:42:43

see a Muslim brother or sister and they don't pray or they don't believe and you can't you don't know, how do I get this across to you that what you're doing is totally wrong. And they don't even feel there's no guilt, there's guilt, there's something they're like, if they feel the guy suck, I should be better. Well, at least at least you know, they have Sunday, they've taken a step forward where they acknowledge that they're not doing it right. And that's someone who can help. But then the other group that doesn't see that it's hard, it's hard to help them it's almost impossible. In many senses, it's it's a waste of your time focused on those who have some some form of insight and

00:42:43--> 00:42:53

some form of self regulation. You can actually help feted have Neff Sukhadia, I started in the law, I leave them be my Osma on Indeed Allah subhanaw is all knowing of what the

00:42:54--> 00:42:58

so it's not always an interesting word of the client. You don't find it in many places, only few places.

00:42:59--> 00:43:03

It's here, you find that again, in the verse that talks about

00:43:05--> 00:43:11

it talks about you know shying away with your gaze not not looking at how long meaning they hold boom, and I'm sorry to hear

00:43:12--> 00:43:22

that it is not as good I don't mean Allah be wrong the milestone, because not only were the Pharisees specific places, and it usually refers to something so we'll see now is something that is

00:43:23--> 00:43:25

that is complex in its in its

00:43:26--> 00:43:29

practice. IML is just a deed

00:43:30--> 00:43:34

is did something fail means it

00:43:36--> 00:44:14

is repetitive, happens a lot. Say means it's a long term goal. And you seem to this is just differences in the Quran, in terms of using the word so I'm gonna just did something fell. It's something you're doing all the time. So it is what you're trying to achieve long term, something that you have in your mind, Selena becomes complex. I mean, there's there's premeditation, there's thoughts. You know, there's more than one thing going into this, it's not as simple. So whenever Allah subhanaw wants to talk about something that is not simple, that is a bit more complicated in its nature of practice. He'll use the word usno. And that's when he talked about lowering the gaze.

00:44:15--> 00:44:44

Men lowering their gaze not looking haram, he used where he is now, because it is a complicated issue. Meaning there's more to it than just doing it or not doing it. And there's been times when you're speaking to a sister, so looking at her is not haram at that moment. Then another moment while you're looking at her, you'll become haram, because now you're thinking something else. So it's complicated. It's not just either you do it or you don't do it, or you do it all this complexity. So when there's complexity who use your smartphone, you use that word because then yeah, there's only now so now is actually the word we use for industry, right? We're making something so

00:44:44--> 00:44:50

usually you're you're you're inventing something, or you're you know, what's a good word for it? Manufacturers manufacturers,

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

factoring something. So here, I just means it has complexity. So in the Aloha Lee movie milestone data loss was all knowing of what they're brewing what they're doing.

00:45:00--> 00:45:34

Making the manufacture of what there may be I know about it. Because it's actually been complicated for you to get to the point where you're ignorant enough to be ignorant of your own ignorance. And to continue like that not being able to self regulate. That's a lot has happened. That doesn't happen like you're not born like that. Just to make it you're not born like kids don't live like that. teams don't live like that. Early 20s, you don't have that either you have a critical eye, you know, but then you make a choice at some point where you stop doing it, you stop self regulating and blaming yourself and using a critical eye for the mistakes you make for long enough time that you

00:45:34--> 00:46:02

get used to it. And you switch happens in the way you you live, when you start trying something else that you start administering blame upon others, try that for a while you find you're good at it, have a good argument, you're strong, right you can get you can get people, you can convince people that other people's fault is not yours. And you like that. And then you finally have the ability to actually convince yourself and turn off your conscience. So you don't you don't feel bad about doing that. It takes time. It takes a long time. So this is a huge sinner, it takes a while. But that person you can help.

00:46:03--> 00:46:16

And that's the person you can submit to Allah subhanaw taala period. That's why I understand why he said in no either light, or anything, don't be eluded. Because if you are, if you're fooled, and you accept being fooled, or you're willfully ignorant about this, you can't submit

00:46:17--> 00:46:32

that to be grateful, you have to be aware of what is right and what is wrong within your own actions and within life around you and you can't be fooled, or else you're not going to be able to do the simple Yanique action of it's not simple, but the most important action which is submission

00:46:33--> 00:46:39

Okay, that was read the I have to then I will stop will Allah Who lady on salary

00:46:45--> 00:46:46

to see also have

00:46:50--> 00:46:53

person who Isla Bella may get

00:46:58--> 00:47:00

be him more than

00:47:06--> 00:47:08

he can shoe.

00:47:11--> 00:47:35

And then this idea here that's kind of in the middle again. You think well, why was I doing here? Why is it here? It's just to explain the concept that was just talked about a moment ago about not being eluded, well, Lola, the artillery, Allah Subhan, God has sent the the winds, but you also have an exciter it moves, clouds, personnel who eat the meat, and this is taken over to a dead land land that has nothing alive in it. Then it

00:47:36--> 00:48:09

skips the point of Rincon, the youngest that's understood, but here, you know, being in Ottawa, that I demoed, and then we grant live to a dead piece of Earth after it's already gone. Cavalli can assure and that's exactly how you want to be resurrected with that simplicity. So go back to number five, just I want to I want to make sure that you guys understand this. I know if I said two things I said why the lie, Huck. The Promise of Allah is truthful. That's resurrection. First of all run from Don't be fooled. Right? So I remember eight nine came and explained those two concepts as commentary right? Number eight talks about don't being not being fooled by the fact that if you are

00:48:09--> 00:48:17

deluded that you're bad deeds are good, then there's no hope and there's no point and don't waste your time with them. Allah knows what they're doing. And the number nine talked about resurrection

00:48:19--> 00:48:41

and that if you're if you're questioning it, if you're not sure that it's it could happen or your God is a symbol is Allah Subhana Allah sending some wins take some clouds water comes down and a dead piece of Earth has life in it just to say exactly the same it's as simple as that was fleeing just like a dead or dead piece of Earth is capable of generating life

00:48:42--> 00:48:49

when you're dead Allah subhanaw taala will generate life from from Earth with you coming out of it just as simple is no big deal. The concept being that

00:48:51--> 00:48:58

resurrection is everywhere around you everything is getting resurrected all the time. Why is it a big deal that you can't

00:49:00--> 00:49:10

everything is is dying and then being right to life and then dying again then going to life again it just happening all the time just how the world works? What Why is it something that can happen to you Why are you so

00:49:12--> 00:49:13

scared or or

00:49:15--> 00:49:43

amazed beyond your ability to believe that this all happened to me it got up to me I kind of deal it's how the world works everything is so what happens the die and then we bring it comes up again and then dies again resurrected again and just how the world works so chaotic and assuming that's exactly how resurrection happens. The shoulders resurrection kinetics like that very simple. So this I'm trying to show you how the eye at work in the Quran. So he gave you the especially the eye number five that has a command that is a bit

00:49:44--> 00:49:59

multifactorial is two things kind of coming together in it to bring a concept they are definitely comment on it, but make sure that it delivers an idea. So when I'm explaining to you to see it, you're understanding it but initially it was I would listen to this and this would make sense like they wouldn't need the breakdown that I

00:50:00--> 00:50:29

Alright, so because I get this a lot, why don't we have books that talk about this when we have? It's really not that well, why does the seller have talked about? They didn't need to be they did not need to, there was no need. Why would they do this? I actually one of those I was sitting here with Phil, this was the most biggest waste of time. The biggest waste of time for him like, what are you doing? You're stating the obvious you just explaining that water is water? And what are you doing? Offensively, there'll be interest in the outcome. There'll be interested, okay, just how we're supposed to behave. And they're interested in the point of behavior and how that's gonna

00:50:29--> 00:51:00

affect which is what we're supposed to do. But because we've locked for so long, conceptually, you're gonna be able to understand why he's saying what he's saying and what he's trying to do with what he's saying and, and how it all connects. We're failing the the practical part with we're failing that part completely. So I'm trying to go back and look at this. This is why he's saying this actually makes a lot of sense this is very well structured is very perfectly put in line is to bring forward a very clear idea and then say that and then maybe you'll like to feel a bit more relaxed, okay? This makes sense and then we can start moving towards talking Okay, this is how we're

00:51:00--> 00:51:15

supposed to practice but hopefully we're bringing that a bit of a bit of that up as well we shouldn't shoulder with and that's that's the basic scope that we're looking at shallow and it's exactly nine o'clock. So, so and with that Inshallah, we will be running the harlequin show next week as well.

00:51:17--> 00:51:23

I said we're going to finish with faltered Inshallah, and then maybe pause for a bit until we come up with a different,

00:51:24--> 00:51:25

different plan again.

00:51:26--> 00:51:27

I wanted to kind of

00:51:29--> 00:51:29

turn it off