# Abu Taymiyyah – Part 3 Preventatives of Inheritance & Calculating The All Important Base Number Us

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So I want you to imagine yourself in

your grave and the angels they approach you.

They ask you the 3 all important questions

to see if you pass the test of

life. Who is your lord? What is your

religion? And who is your prophet? Imagine you're

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our program and hopefully we see you on

the other side.

Welcome back, brothers and sisters,

to another session of Islamic inheritance law.

In today's class, we

are going to be covering

What does that mean? Does anyone have an

idea?

The obstacles of? The obstacles of? The obstacles

of? Inheritance.

So before you inherit, do you have to

go through a couple of obstacles or you

have to go around a couple of obstacles?

So preventative things happen. Jamil.

That which

will cause you to be prevented

from inheriting.

That which causes one to be prevented from

inheriting.

Makes sense?

That which causes one to be prevented

from inheriting.

Prevented from inherent

type.

And there are 3.

Number 1, does anyone know?

That if you were to do something,

right?

It would cause you now to be prevented

from inheriting.

Okay? Jameel.

Ikhtilaafuddin

they call it. Ikhtilaafuddin.

Okay.

Having a different religion from the one that

you're inheriting from.

The father might be

a kafir

and the daughter is

a Muslim.

Can they inherit from one another?

Regardless of who dies before the other?

The Asl, the default ruling is that a

Muslim cannot

inherit from a kafir

and a Kafir can't inherit from a Muslim.

Is that clear?

Due to Ikhtirafid Deen

He's not from your family.

Allah

ta'ala told Nuh alaihis salatu wa salam.

Right?

And speaking about his son.

Is that clear?

We'll put that down as number 2.

So I'm writing going up like that.

A different religion.

So having a different religion,

right,

prevents you from inheriting

and prevents them from inheriting as well. It

works both ways.

Is that clear brothers?

Does anyone know the other?

Al Qadr. Jameel Al Qadr.

Killing.

Your father Masha Allah Tabarak Allah has been

blessed with wealth.

You're Mustajil,

right? You want to get married, you don't

have any money. You go to dad for

whatever reason, he says no I can't give

you that much. I'll only give you what

a 20th of the amount that you're asking

me.

Princess charming is not going to weigh around.

Princess Charming

wants you even to cough up,

this amount of money, otherwise I'm not going

to marry you.

He's agitated now, needs that money. What does

he do?

He goes and kills his father.

He kills him, oh yes, now I can

inherit. Is that

okay now? Will he be able to inherit

from him? Allah. Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said,

The one who killed, he can't take anything

from

the inheritance

that has been left behind.

And we can maybe what?

Split this into 2.

A

and b.

A brothers and sisters

is the one who goes and does the

killing himself.

Okay? I take a gun and I shoot

that person.

Other son takes a gun and shoots his

dad. May Allah protect us all from that.

Are these real life scenarios with Asha of

a Dao?

Or

his what?

So this is what Al Mubashir,

the one who

comes in contact with the one being killed

and he's the one that causes

the killing.

* Musabib,

here brothers and sisters is

the one who causes.

For example now,

you don't actually go and do the murder,

you pay someone to do it for you.

Does that not

take you out of the situation? Of course

not.

Right?

So the fact that you paid

so and so

to kill your father,

That would what disqualify you from inheriting.

So what's the first one brothers and sisters?

Al Qattil,

killing.

Rik.

Does the slave inherit?

Slave doesn't inherit.

Even if we gave service to you for

20 years, 30 years, 40 years.

Right?

The slave

is owned by his master.

It's a clay brothers and sisters, he's owned

by the master.

He does not inherit.

He does not inherit.

However, does the master inherit from

the slave if he were to free him?

This is called Alwala.

It's a discussion for another day.

Right?

We don't have any slaves. Today's day and

age.

Yes. You guys have?

Does anyone have slave girls there?

Tell you.

Is that clear so far, brothers and sisters?

Pretty straightforward, right? These three things get you

disqualified

from inheriting.

It's a preventative factor from you

inheriting

from your dad's wealth.

Is that clear, brothers?

Any questions so far?

Someone has been adopted. Does he take confirmation?

Allah.

Okay. Adoption, Allah.

Killing is the only to do with the

father or the future of anyone. Anyone that

you're going to be inheriting from.

Anyone that you're going to be inheriting from.

My brother that I'm inheriting from.

My brother, Allah blessed him with a lot

of money.

You guys with me?

Right? I need that money right now.

I kill him.

Can I inherit from him? Answer is no.

There's a

that you learn

in That is related to this. Normally this

example we brought for those who have studied

Does anyone know the

Whoever

is

Whoever is hasty

in obtaining something

before its actual time, he'll be deprived

from it. He will be deprived from it.

Is that clear brothers and sisters?

Is a legal maxim

or a maxim,

whatever you wanna call it.

Scholars also tend to mention this

when someone is hasty in putting his face

out to the public

giving Dawah,

jumps into the Dawah scene, hasn't studied properly,

what's going to happen brother and sisters, he's

bound to make

inexcusable

blunders.

People will start nitpicking out his mistakes and

his shortcomings,

which may be the reason why people

stop taking knowledge from him. Would you guys

agree with that?

When you see a shirk or you see

a teacher, too many mistakes are being pointed

out.

Next time,

Right?

In

the of his teachings,

in the foundations,

in the fundamentals of his teachings, you're going

to at least right after some time

begin to feel what? A little bit uncomfortable

with what he's feeding you.

Would you guys agree with that?

Someone points out, oh, he made a huge

blunder. We're not talking about small little mistakes.

Right?

In fiqh now, he's made a huge blunder.

In hadith now, huge blunder that just about

everybody knows.

Right?

Or in Arabic language, huge blunder. Things that

you wouldn't see people in elementary making mistakes

in.

These you begin to think, you know what?

Even if he goes out and studies

abroad,

Anan comes back, people will still be iffy

about that individual.

So don't shoot yourself in the foot.

Study, study,

study.

Right?

Learn that what you're going to be teaching

properly.

No one is saying that you have to

be an a

scholar before you start teaching. Do you guys

agree with that? As long as that which

you're teaching you're what grounded in it, you

know it properly.

When I was in Aliyah and Damerj,

there would be approximately

20 to 30 classes,

new classes,

right?

Started every single week.

We were spoilt for choice.

It makes sense now why one of the

shiuk in Saudi said, 1 year in Al

Medina is equivalent to 3 years in the

match.

Because I went to all these places, I

think it would be fair for me to

judge that.

Makes a lot of sense.

You wanna get a class in also the

teratah,

right, the 3 fundamentals in places like Medina,

well, you're gonna struggle.

Right? You're gonna struggle.

I think Sheikh Abdul Nasser Al Asim teaches

us Surah Al Faraha

once every 6 months.

You have to look for a teacher who's

going to what?

Sit you down,

it's gonna go through books of books

of Hadith and this. If you want one

to one classes consistently

starting with the basics

in whatever science you're going to be studying.

In the Maj you had the students of

the Masha'i

teaching these books every single week and it's

the classical way of studying.

One learns it properly and then he goes

and teaches it. And by you teaching it

what? Solidifies the knowledge.

Even if it might be with your brother,

your younger sister,

you teach them what you've learnt, it solidifies

their knowledge.

Right? And the more you teach the more

it increases.

Would you guys agree with that?

When you're articulating something,

right? It tends to stick with you longer.

As the poet mentions,

the more,

right, you spend of your knowledge, the more

it increases.

And it will decrease when you what? Hold

back.

You're stingy with it

or you don't revise it, you don't teach

it.

It's going to what?

Start diminishing

and eventually it will disappear altogether.

That's a good question.

We'll research that.

Right?

Here, you have the Musabib,

the one who caused it,

who caused

this individual not to be killed by maybe

paying someone

to carry out this.

How do you guys know what you say

in English?

A hitman. That's the one. You hire a

hitman to get him killed. I think they

do a lot in East London. Right?

And Mubasher is the one who

makes that direct contact with

the one who's been killed.

Right?

Taib.

So the principle is

Right? A Muslim won't inherit from the kafir

and vice versa as well.

Tayeb,

we're in the lands of the Kaffar.

And that kafir guy has passed away, who's

your father.

He's left all that wealth behind.

If you don't take from that wealth it

is going to be

falling into the Hanzah of the other kuffar.

In that case what do you do?

Can you take from it in that case?

Well, I summon the scholars they'll give a

fatwa, by by the way it's not me

giving this fatwa,

I believe it was study as seen that

asked Sheikh Hosea Abbas,

if I'm not mistaken.

And if I'm wrong we'll cut that out

from the video. Alright. Sha'a Ulsila Abba in

situations like that, if a lot of the

wealth now is going to

fall into the hands of the Kufar,

when the Muslims could actually be benefiting from

that. In that case we would say,

Everybody get that so far, brothers?

Pretty straightforward. Right?

Today, we're going to get a little bit

mathematic math mathematic.

See what should we go through now.

I was between

either going through

to go through who from the men inherits

and who from the women inherit? Because we've

gone through a lot

of theory,

right?

But maybe Insha Allahu Ta'ala cover that next

week. But today I want to Insha Allahu

Ta'ala cover that which is a little bit

more practical

to keep it interesting.

Let's make it jump.

In the English language, my brothers and my

sisters, this is called the base number.

The base number, my brothers and my sisters,

is the crux.

It's the crux of

any inheritance problem.

There is a key number brothers

when making inheritance

calculations.

This key number,

okay? This key number is the number that

is used

when

dividing the amount that has been left behind.

There is that special number, we'll call it

special number through our classes.

Right? There is a number

And we'll underline it with red,

and with green, pink

as well.

I

think the lids dropped, sir.

It's a very important special number.

Zakkari brothers,

what do we call it? A base number.

After making some

calculations,

okay? These calculations will lead you to a

base number. And then this base number

is the number that is used to make

a division with the amount that has been

left behind.

So let's just say for example you left

behind a £100,000

this base number is extremely crucial.

If you get that wrong,

you might end up distributing an amount

that is not fair amongst your inheritance.

So there are some calculations

that we need to make before we arrive

at that base number,

which then is used to make that division

of the amount that has been left behind.

Is everybody with me so far?

All you need to know so far is

that there is a very special number.

It's a key number.

Calculations you make must be accurate.

In order for this number to be what?

Correct.

Is that clear so far?

What were the

6

fractions in the Quran?

Okay.

Off? Play.

Play.

Ace.

I'm all the other 3.

3rd.

6th

and 2 thirds.

Today's class is very very important, brothers.

Can you see now why I mentioned these

6 fractions in the first lesson?

We are going to call them

these 3,

the first group.

We're going to call the 2nd group, the

2nd group, Al Majima'at Athaniyah.

Look at them

as brothers

and look at them as sisters.

I'm just trying to make the knowledge simple

here.

Is that clear?

Look at them as one group

and look at them as another.

Right? Group number 1.

Group number 2.

Makes sense so far?

What do you normally call this in English

language?

No, the number that is under the line.

Denominator.

And the top we call?

The numerator.

Saheh?

Excellent.

We're going to take Insha'Allah Ta'ala some principles.

How much does Taymiyyah get again?

Half.

Half when?

There's no brothers

and then there's also no sisters.

So let's just say now that her father,

may Allah give him a long life upon

Ta'a, upon obedience,

passes away.

Guys with me so far?

How much is Taymiyyah get?

How much does his wife or his wives

get? 8.

8. 8.

These two numbers now are from which group?

Group number 1 or group number 2? Group

1. Group number 1,

Jahid.

If we have an inheritance equation

that has the fractions

from group 1,

right?

The base number is going to be what?

So it's gonna be a number here.

Okay. Forget about this for a moment.

There is a number that we have to

put here.

How do we now calculate the base number

when we have these two fractions?

How do you guys normally do it in

maths?

When you're trying to what do you call

it? Simplifying or

to find a common denominator?

What would you do here?

All that come multiply, divide, and we're not

gonna go into all of that. Just going

to give you guys what principles.

The principle here, if you find an inheritance

equation

that has 2 fractions from

the same group,

what do you do?

You look at the biggest number and you

put it

there. Make sense?

So what did you put here? 8.

How much would Taymiyyah get?

What's half of 8?

4.

What's an 8th of 8?

1.

How much left?

3. 3, right? Come on, brother. This is

basic. Why you guys hesitating for?

3 left.

So you have

Tamia, wives,

Is the 1, is the 2, is the

3.

And then you got 3 left right, normally

the uncle will be the 1 we'll keep

using the uncle as an example. Uncle

is the

what do we call him?

Asif in English language?

The residuary beneficiary.

Guys remember the residuary beneficiary, right? He's the

one who takes the

the leftovers after

those who have a specific entitlement are given

their agree with that?

At Tamia she's been given half, the wife

is given what an 8th,

right? These are fractions that Allah mentioned in

the Quran,

right?

Specified

for specific inheritance

and then there are those who would take

what the remainder.

Like the uncle is one of them,

uncle is one of them.

He is a residuary beneficiary.

Have you ever heard that term in school?

See, you should learn English in

Masjid.

Play, uncle.

This is uncle, wives, Tamia.

He would take what? The remainder.

Can you see how important this is?

Everybody with me so far?

I'll say that again.

This is the 1st group and this is

the

we put there group 2, group 1.

If you have in an equation

fractions that are all from the same group

which in this case is

the situation is,

you have take me who takes half, you

have the wife who will take an 8th.

These two fractions now.

Is it a combination of both groups or

is a combination of just the same group?

Same. Same group, right?

Half an eighth, so one group.

What did we say we do? What do

we look for now? The largest number. The

largest number. What is the largest number when

you look at half and eighth?

8.

Then you do a basic calculation, you come

back to Taymiyyah who's entitled to half, she

takes what?

4 out of the 8,

agreed?

And then you have the wives

who take an 8th, What's an 8th of

8?

1.

And then an uncle, there's a residuary beneficiary,

he will take the remainder.

Taib.

Let's just say,

mister Abutaimiyyah left behind

a million.

Actually, there's no more complicate things, right?

£10,000.

£10,000,

£10,000 right?

You have to do a division.

Which number are we going to use?

8.

That's why it's so key.

You divide that by 8, and then you

have to make multiplication.

Where where do I take the multiplications from?

In order to determine how much tamiya the

wives and uncle get?

4. Allahu Akbar.

4,

1 and 3.

Remember we said she takes half the pie,

the wife's take an 8th

and then the remaining is for the uncle

who takes the

3 out of 8.

Okay?

So you would divide 10,000 divided by 8

which is the base number

multiplied

by how much each one is entitled to.

Like in Tamir, she takes half the pie

which is 4 out of 8. 1 and

then 3. This one is

1 8?

No. No. No. No. Altogether.

Altogether.

Split by Last year last week, I mentioned

not last year. Last week, I mentioned

that this co wife is a problem for

her.

In the lifetime

of her husband and even after he passes

away.

Right? Her Prince Charming

who was there for maybe 20 years and

then this other lady comes along, right? She's

what?

Taking days of her week.

The house is empty,

right?

And then she doesn't stop there.

Even after he passes away, she's still there,

you know, bugging her.

Sharing what could have been, what could have

been only hers.

So they all split an eighth amongst themselves.

Makes sense?

Did everybody get this?

Right? What I want you guys Insha'Allah when

you go home today is

memorize

these fractions.

I mentioned these fractions in day 1 because

they're crucial.

Right? The lessons that we're having, right?

They are synced in within one within one

another.

It's a clear story for our prophets.

I'll do that again on the board.

Always remember group 1, group 2. And it's

so easy to remember.

What's half of half?

Quarter.

What's half of quarter?

An eighth. Excellent. Simple as that. Half the

half and then half it again.

You get these numbers.

Half of a quarter is what?

8th.

Half of a half is a quarter. Half

of the quarter is an eighth.

No one should forget that.

Right? These are basic fractions.

And then here, what's half of a third?

6th.

Then you got 2 thirds. You're just gonna

have to find another way of remembering that.

Just multiply a third by 2, you get

2 thirds.

Multiply it

once and then

on the other side, you should what? Divide

it, you get these numbers.

I

want you to give me all 6 very

quickly in order. Give me the first group.

So half of half is a third, right?

Brothers, let me draw a pie for you

guys.

A pie.

What do I need to do in order

to cut it into half?

Put a line down the middle, right?

Yeah. This is now a half.

What's half of a half?

What's the half of the other half?

1, 2, 3, 4.

A pie

consists of what? Four halves.

Sahi?

If we want to know half each part,

what do we do?

Half it.

How many pieces is that? 1, 2, 3,

4, 5, 6, 10. We need to have

the other one. That's 8.

How you going?

What's your name?

You're

the guy who's active on Twitter, right?

Jameel.

Half the half, you get a quarter, and

then you half the quarter, you get an

8th.

Right? Did everybody get that?

He give me the other group.

1 third, 2 thirds, 6th.

Sorry? 1 third, 2 thirds, 6th. Jamil.

One third got sick and then you got

2 thirds. Have you done faray before?

Not this week.

Even I've done this before.

K?

It's a khalifa, brothers.

Let's remove the pie.

Uncle,

he's a?

Residiary beneficiary. He's the one who takes if

there is something left. And we will keep

using him as an example.

He's a kleibra,

to make things easy.

Tamia,

is she a residuary beneficiary?

The wife, is she a residuary beneficiary? No,

they're not. What about the parents?

The father and the mother.

They're not residuary beneficiaries, are they?

For the time being we will say that

they are what?

The Wol Forud which basically means that they

have a specific amount

that they are entitled to. They have a

specific amount that they are entitled to, excellent.

Let's do the Masal again.

You have

Taimiyyah.

Camera gets that. Right?

Hamid.

It's clear, sir?

How many is taymiyyah get?

Half. When did she get a half with

2 condition? What 2 conditions? No brothers and

no

sisters.

The wife.

Let's say wife now.

Yeah. Timir takes half.

How much does the wife get?

Does anybody know when she gets an 8th?

If there's a child in the equation.

And it will come onto all of that

insha Allahu Ta'ala, the conditions of when the

woman

takes

an 8th and when someone might take a

half and the conditions and everything which would

need to be memorized like water.

Depends if it's your child.

Yeah, as long as the one who passed

away left behind a child.

Okay? So in this case,

okay?

We say

someone passed away and he left behind a

daughter

and a wife.

Tamir by the way should be daughter, but

I just wrote Tamir so makes things easier.

Wife, whether she has

a

are you referring to her having the wife

having a child from another guy?

Yeah. It doesn't matter whether it's one wife

that he has a child with or not,

right? Or the other he doesn't, as long

as he has a child.

The father, because the father has passed away

here. We'll write it.

Father passed away.

Who has he left behind?

One daughter,

right?

3 wives.

Whether it's 1 wife or 3 wives doesn't

make a difference.

As long as there is a child in

the equation, it changes the dynamics of how

much the wives will end up sharing amongst

themselves.

8th. Whether it's 1, 3, 4, 2 or

the same. 8th.

So if if the new child, the wife

is offering?

No.

It's a robot.

Takes quota.

Who's who's the who's the best?

She takes a quota if you don't have

a child.

There is a child in the equation, takes

an 8.

Because you have a child.

Makes sense?

Anyways, don't don't worry about that guys. Yeah?

And then we also say there is what?

An uncle.

How much does the uncle get?

Say the remainder because he's a

residuary beneficiary.

Well, put an r.

Everybody get that so far?

How do we now calculate the base number?

The

number

8.

The

number 8, why? It's the largest number. Because

we look for the largest number due to

these fractions being from the

same group.

Make sense?

8.

Just put in a different color. Let's choose

pink.

Like we're living in a time, mum, when

I see colors.

Tell my dad's wife was at home,

and she has slippers.

She said Mohammed, can you give me the

slippers?

Looked to the slippers, he has brain ball

colors.

When even the creation of Allah

now feels

How much which each one get? What do

we knew now? What's the next thing that

we do brothers?

We half

the 8th.

What do we get?

4.

Then we,

And then how much left?

3.

Makes sense?

How much did he leave behind?

£10,000.

Okay.

£10,000 What do we do?

We need to look for the base number.

What is the base number? The number in

pink.

What do we do brothers?

Divide it by

8. How much is that?

1,250.

1,250. 1,250.

Allahu Akbar.

What do we do then next?

What can we call this in English? In

Arabic they call it shiham, each one shiham.

Which is it shayz?

Shays.

Okay?

Tamia

has 4 shares from the 8.

The wife has 1 share from the 8,

and then the uncle takes the remaining.

Makes sense brothers,

sisters?

Then you what? Multiply by 4.

How much do you get? 1,250

times 4? £5000.

Then the next one,

which is what?

1. How much is that? 1,250.

And then multiply that by 3 to give

the Ankali Shez 3,750.

Does that equal to 10,000?

Did we have any decimals brothers and sisters?

In Farai they hate decimals.

They hate decimals. They don't like decimals.

Right?

So they will always

find the way of calculating

that excludes decimals altogether.

Is that clear brothers and sisters so far?

Yeah?

It's fun. Right?

Came in a little bit late, right you?

We mentioned in a base number,

is a very special number.

Very special.

Because if you get this wrong, can you

see how the calculations will

go astray

or go left?

That's very very important.

What we mentioned here, that there's 2 groups

of fractions.

Okay? Don't worry, I'll let you off this

time for coming late. But anyone who comes

in late and then starts asking questions that

we're already covered,

I'm gonna air

you. But we let our brother off this

time.

We said that it's 2 groups what? Of

numbers, of fractions. Where do we get these

fractions from?

Quran. Remember last week we talked about that

there are 6 fractions in the Quran.

These are the ones. We put them to

2 groups, you can't just choose by the

way which group you want to put them

in. This is group number 1, group number

2.

If the fractions

are from the same group,

what do we do?

We choose the biggest number. For example here,

it happened to be that Tamia,

right?

Is the one in the equation, her father

passed away. How much is she entitled to?

Half.

Also the wife,

an eighth.

Okay. Now you look at half an eighth,

which group are they in?

1st group. If you have 2 fractions from

the same group or even 3 or even

5 fractions, but they're all from the same

group, what do we do brothers,

sisters?

The base number will be the biggest number

which is the case here. We looked at

28.

Which one's bigger? 28?

Common sense, right? 8.

That's how we ended up deriving the base

number. Makes sense?

I'm gonna come on to that. Yeah?

That's what I'm gonna do now.

These two numbers.

Group 1 or group 2? 2.

Group 2. What was the card? What was

the principle?

The sum. 6 group 6. Okay. What's the

biggest number? 6. 6.

What's the 3rd of 6?

2.

What's the 6th of 6th?

1.

How much left?

Let's just say the uncle's alive as well.

Our special uncle who takes the

remainder.

How much does he get the uncle?

Makes sense,

Spice it up a little bit.

What do we have here?

Two different groups.

Excellent. Next principle going to be taken that

needs to be memorized is

if a half,

a half

is now found in the same inheritance

equation

as one of the

fractions in the second group.

Then the base number is going to be?

12.

12?

It is

6.

Zakir?

Take this as a principle.

If the half

is now found

with any of the 3 fractions in the

second group, then the base number straightaway is

6.

It's going to be 6, but it's 6

because there's

a

doesn't

necessarily

So it's going to be 6?

Yes, it's going to be 6.

Just look at it this way.

If a half is a principle you're gonna

have to memorize now. There's different ways of

deriving the base number.

There might be a mathematical way.

Right? Is anyone here good at maths?

I remember I got an a,

GCSEs.

Now I've completely forgotten everything, I have to

use a calculator.

I remember

went into college, January exams.

I

did 4 subjects, maths, physics,

law and accounting.

You know what I got?

D

e, that was a u? There wasn't, right?

It was a u.

I think I got a u as well.

Another one

was f.

Looks he said it looks like Daif.

And SubhanAllah,

you know for a very long time it

then erupted me. How did I get something

like,

I think it was

11 a stars to c's in my GCSE's.

I think it was like 4 a stars,

1 a, and the rest were whatever.

And then my January exams, I got this.

Later on, it made a lot of sense

to me.

Because after the I was telling myself after

January exams, I'm gonna leave to Yemen.

Maybe if I got good grades,

Shaitan would have played around with me. Oh,

stay. Just finish that year.

Sometimes

that which may seem as a negative happens

to you,

and you don't understand why it's happening

or a mishap before you, you don't actually

see the Hikmah behind it. Only years down

the line you say, oh, SubhanAllah.

If that didn't happen, I would probably not

had this today. Can you guys relate to

that? How often have we been what?

Deprived of something

and it didn't make sense to us at

a time because our intellects are what limited.

Earlier, when we was having a Munch, me

my good friend Nabeel and Taha,

this discussion came up about,

you know, these atheists, right? And the brain

and intellect and what have you.

Can you see what's happening now in South

Hall with the naked eye? Can anybody here

see what's happening in South Pole?

Maybe there is some. I don't know. Can

you guys see what's happening in South Pole?

Which is what? 50 minutes away? No. You

can't, sir.

Our eyes are limited.

Can anybody hear that which is happening in

Lhasa?

Or Or even in south, forget about Lesta,

2 hours away. Yeah, 50 minutes.

Or even that which is happening now,

in Hounslow or near the bus station.

Yeah, it's limited right? That which you can

see and hear.

If we can say that about the eyes

and also the ears,

can we not say that about somebody's intellect?

Something that they can prove everything through what?

The intellect.

And Antara try say to me, but they'll

just basically turn around and say look at

how much they're discovering, I was like that's

a proof against them.

The fact that they're discovering,

it clearly shows that they didn't know,

only then they're discovering.

And as time goes on there will be

more things are discovered.

Mister Einstein,

who passed away when? Does anybody have an

idea?

In the sixties. In the sixties.

Lawahu Alam.

Whenever he passed away,

that which he discovered was what?

Some things that he discovered about this universe,

right?

And there was so many other things that

he didn't discover in his lifetime

which is what a Huja against him, a

proof against him. Do you guys agree with

that?

Without the shadow of a doubt and even

now they're still discovering things and they're going

to be discovering things.

Later on there will be someone who has

bigger intellect than the other that will discover

things.

Anyways,

I was a tangent.

How much would the half get?

The person who's entitled to half, 3.

What about here? 3rd?

2.

Here?

1.

That's 6.

Makes sense?

What was the principle?

If you find the half of the second

group then the base number is going to

be out of?

6. Good.

Now you have what? A

quarter.

With which group?

Group

2. Group 2. The base number is going

to be out of?

12. 12? Why why did you say that?

Because all of the denominators go into 12.

So you basically try to work it out

as the common denominator,

which is another way of doing it. I

don't want to confuse you guys.

And it's consistent. You'll see.

I'm going to just give you guys these

4 principles.

Which one are we on? Number 2, right?

Principle number 2. If a quarter

finds its way in

if a quarter is found in equation with

any of the second group,

we say that the base number is

straightaway 12.

Special number is 12.

Exactly, brothers.

Makes sense?

12 divided by?

The first denominator is

3.

12 divided by 3?

4.

12 divided by 6? 2.

How many left?

3. Let's just say there's uncle here, it

takes. See? Normally the uncle would already be

in the equation. Yeah?

And an uncle.

So the uncle would

take how much?

2 +4 is 6. Plus

3. Makes sense?

Do we have any decimals?

The fact that you're not getting decimals shows

that you're doing it right.

It's a kres so far.

And then you take 12, you divide it

by what?

10,000.

10,000.

How much do we get? 10,000 divided by

12?

Yeah. Yeah. But we're not finished with the

equation.

833.

0.33333,

sir?

Good. Yeah.

833.333333,

multiply that by each one's shares.

You multiply that by 3, how much you

get? 2 and half.

2,500.

Exactly,

yeah? Then you multiply it by 4.

833.33333

divided by,

times by 4.

You get

3,333.33333.

Then you multiply that by 2.

833.333

times

But only 666

0.666666.

No, I mean, like, the

sum at the end, there won't be any

decimals.

Right? And here, there won't be any decimals.

Is that clear? But we're not even done

with

the actual sum itself or the calculation.

You may get decimals, but when you do

the calculation properly, you'll come up with the

whole number.

Don't round up now here because you might

end up getting what? 10,000

point 1 and this and that. But if

they're probably not gonna get intestines.

And here, of course, there would be a

person, like, someone who's in turn like the

wife,

Got hung.

And you also have

6.

You have

and then you have the uncle

who take

r.

So the 3rd, 8, 6, and then you

have r.

The base number is out of what?

24.

Why is it 24?

But isn't 8 times 6,

No. 81624.

6 times 19 24.

Anyways, the principle is

if

an 8th now comes with the second group,

the base number is going to be out

of 24. Write that down.

If an 8th

finds himself in an equation

that has any of the

second group?

We say that the base number, sorry we

say that the base number is out of

24.

24 divided by 3 is,

8.

Did we get any decimals?

So what?

8, right?

24 divided by 8?

3.

24 divided by 6.

How much left?

9.

How much does the uncle get?

9. 9.

It's 24 altogether.

And by the way, like I said, just

like you have a human being here, uncle,

there'll be human being there, human being there,

human being there.

Okay? I'm just giving you guys these these

numbers together,

so it allows us to go through it.

Accordingly

So 10,000 will have to be divided by

which number? 4, sir?

24. 24, the key number.

Can you see that there has to be

a number of calculations that is made before

we get 24?

And in that 24

is the special key number

that is used to divide the amount that's

been left behind. That's right. It's very key.

Very, very key.

So now to summarize, my beloved brothers and

sisters.

What was the first principle that we took

today?

So we have what?

2 groups.

1st group and the second group. Who's part

of the first group?

So no cheating happens?

What's the first group?

Half?

Brother, say in order. No one's ever start

with an 8th.

Right?

You have a half,

and then a quarter,

and then an 8th.

Sahih,

tayeb. What's the second group?

6, 6, 7, 7. Tayiv. If we have

a half and an eighth,

what do we do?

I just mentioned 2 fractions from the same

group.

So if you have 2 fractions from the

same group, what do you do?

You look for the biggest

number.

Is that clear? So you have half an

eighth.

What's going to be the base number? 8th.

8th. Excellent.

We have a 6th and 2 thirds.

These are 2 fractions from different groups. Right?

From the same group. From the same group.

You guys with me? 6th and also?

2 thirds. 2 thirds.

Base number is from? 6. 6.

That's the first principle that we took today.

If we have 2 fractions, you with me?

Did you get it now? Yes. You

have 2 fractions from the same group. The

base number is going to be out of?

Biggest number. Biggest number. Excellent. That's the first

principle.

Well, hi brothers

and sisters. The fact that you guys are

understanding and you're so slick, alarm, Arabic, and

quick in answering,

that's very very amazing.

A lot of brothers at the university,

they really struggle, especially with Far'id.

I was one of them. I try to

run away from Far'id. If I could just

cancel it altogether,

and never study it, I would have done

that.

Maybe

the teacher had a role to play as

to why we didn't feel comfortable with Farayd

and the Covid as well.

Covid 19,

because you study Farayd 4 times, right?

Throughout your stay in Medina. They call it

Farayid inheritance 1, 2, 3, and 4.

First time we had Farayed, it was when

the news broke out that

we would have to leave.

So we were halfway through Isharasta

and we were just taking a lot of

these theory related issues, like, you know, the

beginning today we took some theories,

and the last couple of lessons.

Remember I did not understand anything and I

still got a 100.

The Sheikh just said whoever answers these 3

questions I'm going to give him what?

A 100.

This is meant to be a semester,

Right? A whole semester, but because of all

the chaos and you know corona everyone has

to go back. I said you know what?

Everyone's unsettled, Allah asked you guys these 3

questions, write it down on a paper, send

it to me and I'll give you guys

a 100.

Just I was like brothers, what's going on

here? Like you know these questions,

and he even said that you guys could

research it, you know, revise together.

We revise together,

put it down, send the questions, 100.

And I'm not understanding anything. I don't know

what is going on.

2nd semester,

it was online.

Do you think brothers and sisters, right? If

I just sat here in a chair and

explained it, you guys would have understood it?

You need a board Sah.

So we're studying inheritance

number 2,

right? Over the Internet,

I'm awake what, 5 in the morning?

Inheritance

without a board?

I just deleted it.

Well, I deleted it.

I was like, Sheikh, like you're gonna have

to have mercy on me. My brother, he's

passed away,

it's 5 in the morning,

right?

This normally requires a board,

and you're just teaching. Can you just have

like some mercy on me, please?

Didn't even respond to me.

I deleted

it. Next teacher that I had after that,

he ended up teaching what through PowerPoints,

which really helped me, Allah reward him.

But because I deleted it in my last

semester

at the University,

I had both 3 and 4, which is

a lot.

Point is brothers and sisters, many brothers struggled.

Many brothers.

Right?

People get scared. You got the one who's

marshal and very good at fiqh, but when

it comes to Farayd,

let's start shaking.

Fatiha, you guys are understanding it,

You're

commended for it, may Allah increase you all

your knowledge.

Right?

I take out a lot of time before

a class

to think about how I'm going to articulate

it.

I

think about how I struggled, maybe what I

could change.

A lot of thought goes into it.

But Alhamdulillah, you guys are understanding it. Honesty

brothers.

Put your hand up if you didn't understand

what we took today.

Be honest.

You can criticize me. I know you might

be rude to criticize teacher, but I'm I'm

opening the floor. Whoever wants to

I didn't understand what we mentioned. It was

pretty straightforward,

sir. What's the third principle that we took?

Did you take the have you revised the

second one?

David second principle is that if a half

remember we're just talking about the first group

here. You have half, quarter and?

8th.

If you find half now,

with the second group,

the base number is going to be out

of?

6,

Excellent. Our excellence.

Let's now move on to the next one,

quarter.

That's why I said, nobody start with 8.

You have half, quarter, and then

8th.

A quarter now

is in the same equation as one of

the 3 fractions of the

second group.

Base number is out of? 12. 12.

Now you have 8 that comes in the

same equation as

any of the fractions in the second group,

it will be out of 24.

Right?

You can see with the way we calculate

everything, this is exactly how you calculate an

actual

equation.

From next week I'm gonna be throwing like

real life equations at you guys.

Right? Mashallah Subaraka Allah.