Sects and Cults in the Muslim World #09 – The Birth of the Shi’a

share this pageShare Page
Abdullah Hakim Quick

Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick

Series:

Episode Notes


Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:06--> 00:00:08

ie

00:00:09--> 00:00:09

Fun?

00:02:16--> 00:02:28

Bismillah Rahmani Raheem that 100 low or below the mean? Will Salli wa salam ala sailed over the will occur in Nabina Muhammad, wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa barik wa sallam.

00:02:29--> 00:03:16

Our prayers are due to Allah, Lord of the worlds and peace and blessings be constantly showered upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad, the master the first and the last, and upon his family, his companions and all those who call to his way and establish his sunnah to the Day of Judgment. As to what follows my beloved brothers and sisters to our friends, to our listeners are Salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Alhamdulillah, we are always thankful to Allah subhanaw taala for the gift of life, and for the opportunity to reflect upon the beautiful religion of Islam, and upon the struggles that Muslims have gone through, in trying to implement this divine revelation in its last

00:03:16--> 00:03:34

form. And our class here, in looking at this schisms and the groups and the sex in the Muslim world, is to really try to unpack some of the names and expressions and movements that we are hearing.

00:03:36--> 00:04:17

Muslims are found throughout the planet. We're about 26% of the Earth's population. And we live in DDT major sections of the planet. We are different nationalities, we are different groups. And the reality of our situation is that from 1400 years ago, Islam spread so rapidly, no other way of life, no other religion. No other system broke the barriers of language and culture as the world of Islam. And so with this.

00:04:19--> 00:04:59

A lot of expressions came in people with former religions, people with different ways of life, different languages. And this all came together with the Quran as the base of revelation in the Arabic language. And Prophet Muhammad SAW Salam as the example. And so this hodgepodge mix of people had to try to unify. And that really was the struggle that we went through naturally as people. But to add to that, is the struggle of the shaytaan. Well, he had to be left the forces of evil and

00:05:00--> 00:05:51

struggle between good and evil has been going on from time immemorial. And the shaytans promise and plan was to divide us up to surround us, to make us change the creation of Allah. And to set us in a type of confusion that we could not stay on the straight path. And the Prophet SAW Salem once drew a line. And he said, this is sort of Muslim, this is the straight path. And then he drew little lines coming from the main line and said, at the head of every one of these paths, is a shaytaan to try to take you off the main path. And so he recognized that there would be a straight way that there is a definite revelation, and he explained it in in speaking about the straight path. Maharajah till

00:05:51--> 00:05:58

beta. He said, I've left you on this lay Lusaka. Hahaha, it's night is like it's day

00:05:59--> 00:06:49

Laozi Juana Illa Halleck. That the only one who would go away from this is somebody who was destined for destruction. And so the struggle to stay on the straight path, the struggle to deal with the attacks of the shaitaan and his forces. But but to keep that connection with Allah subhanaw taala. And so this is what we are looking at. And these events that we're covering, can be looked at from a number of different ways. Our intention is to try to look and see how division came? And what are some of the names of the groups that we hear. And as we are going along, if there are some names, or some groups that you've heard of some questions that you have, feel free to ask these questions. And

00:06:49--> 00:06:52

if I can't answer it, I'll try to look it up for you.

00:06:53--> 00:07:10

To give you a reasonable way to come out of this. But we do recognize clearly as human beings, that we are all subjected to trauma. And that is there are incidents that happen in our life, especially birth, death,

00:07:12--> 00:08:02

calamities, political calamities, the loss of wealth, the loss of friends. So there are major changes that we go through. And sometimes it happens so fast, that it traumatize us. And when we're in a state of trauma, sometimes we will say things, and we will do things that are not normal for us. And so what we are looking at, with the condition of the Muslim world, right there with the Sahaba is that Islam spreads rapidly, it's under attack. The Muslim world is under attack by the Romans and north by the Persians and the East. And they break through the barriers, they find that these empires were corrupted, and they were literally in a downfall.

00:08:03--> 00:08:58

And so as they felt the Muslim world rose, but naturally, there would be opposition. And so those forces those disbelievers hard hearted people who just don't believe, would always be fighting back. And we're not 15 Hypocrites. We'll also be fighting back the disgruntled People of the Book, the Christians and the Jews, the people who had the message before, and wanted to maintain supremacy within monotheism, they would fight back. Also, with the spread of Islam into Iraq. There are groups of the occult, and these are groups that are based on the Sahar or the magic that are coming from strange positions. Most of these groups are relating to a type of devil, a type of sun god, or a

00:08:58--> 00:09:07

creator, they believe they use the word creator, but they're speaking about this, Lucifer this light, this God of light,

00:09:08--> 00:09:12

that that is leading them through the darkness. And we know that this

00:09:13--> 00:09:25

is the shaytaan while the other biller who is chimney and the Jenna created from smokeless fire, and have been interacting with human beings for 1000s of years. And so,

00:09:26--> 00:09:35

it is a type of tell bIess it is deception. Tell BS Iblees the deception of the devil and

00:09:36--> 00:09:59

Imam Ebell Josie Rahim Allah in his texts and other scholars tried to analyze this deception and how it affected the Muslim world. And that is crucial for us today because we are living in an age of deception. deception has become complicated, and it has now taken a new form with the rise of digital technology.

00:10:00--> 00:10:06

And with human beings ability to make true what is false and false, what is true.

00:10:07--> 00:10:51

And so going back to this early time period with the assassination of the Khalifa with many of our fan rhodiola, one trauma said, and the people of Syria, of the homemade clan with man's clan, and the people who love this man, which is 95% of the Muslim world, we're in a state of shock. And his family and his wife, especially Nyla, was calling for revenge, that you must find the killers. And so that was a cry that was being sent around to different parts of the Muslim world. Ali ibn Abi Taalib, Kurama lava watch her

00:10:52--> 00:11:28

also wanted to find the killers, but he recognized through his wisdom, and to the wisdom of those around him, that stability was needed. And so they gathered together, the leadership, and Ali was chosen as the Khalifa, the fourth Khalifa, a natural choice. And he said about trying to bring order. Now, in this state of confusion, these traditionalists these are the people led by Abdullah bin Saba, whose intention was to destroy Islam right from the beginning. Along with the shayateen.

00:11:30--> 00:11:49

They put in a new type of poison. The Hawala adage were tricked to tell bees hit them, by the shaytaan, where they would actually rebel against their leader Ali. They loved Ali, they thought they were good Muslims. But they went to an extreme.

00:11:50--> 00:12:42

And the Tobys also came in through Abdullah bin Saba, and people who are in this tendency, because even if you don't agree with him as a personality, and there are some who don't agree, there is a tendency, and that is to over a grand dice who, and in the same way that he saw, they said, they went to extremes with him. They went to extremes with Ali ibn Abi Talib rhodiola, one because he was the closest to a son, or a Crown Prince. And most cultures within the world and Muslim world in particular, were used to having a crown prince, somebody from the family who would take over Islam is different. This is a meritocracy, where the person who is most deserving of it should be the

00:12:42--> 00:12:44

leader, not a family issue.

00:12:45--> 00:13:04

We do respect the Quraysh. And we do recognize because the language of the Quran coming in their language, and the genealogy with the Prophet Sal Sal them, helps us to remember the Prophet peace be upon him. And so if we can find somebody from Koresh, it would actually be better for us, but it's not necessary.

00:13:05--> 00:13:57

And so the Muslim world at that time, even though there were divisions, and I want to say this over and over again, even though we had Ollie, consolidating the rule, we had more Alia and his followers wanting to find the killers first. We had ie Shia thirdhand Zubair, great companions, also wanting to find the killers, all of the people in terms of their al Qaeda in terms of their practices, were all following the code. And on the Sunday, there was no difference salats there was not one group raising the hand another group not raising the hand, adding on to the that none of this was there. There was no difference in the belief systems, the Archangel Islam or candle Eman, these great

00:13:57--> 00:13:59

foundations, the same

00:14:00--> 00:14:28

practices of Islam the same, the halal and haram, the same. And the word Shia itself, because this is where some people get confused. And we are being fed a type of narrative that the Muslim world is broken up into Sunni and Shia, as though it is two major groups that are struggling for power in the Middle East and throughout the Muslim world. That is an untruth.

00:14:29--> 00:15:00

The basis of the Muslim world is the Quran and the Sunnah, meaning the way of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. It is not a group called Sunni. So you wear this clothing it's none of our literature is like this. Yes, after a while, we had to distinguish ourselves so we say the Sunnah, well, Gemma, so you're the people of the Sunnah. And you are the Jama you are the major body so one or the other. You are

00:15:00--> 00:15:19

The major body of the Muslims and up until today, the Allah Sunnah wa Jama is the overwhelming majority of the Muslims. So we have to recognize that when the struggle is going on between the armies of Ali and Mahalia, people who are looking at the two camps,

00:15:20--> 00:15:27

put themselves into categories. One category was called Shia to Ali.

00:15:28--> 00:15:38

And the other was she had to Malia. So here it was the sect, or the group of Ali, and the group of Malia that's where the word Shia comes from.

00:15:39--> 00:15:53

Before that, there is no other use of Shia except in a general sense in the Quran, about breaking up into groups and, and factions and whatnot. But in terms of a madhhab, ideology, a movement No.

00:15:54--> 00:16:02

So Shia now comes into meaning with these two major groups that are struggling

00:16:03--> 00:16:07

for power. And we find that

00:16:08--> 00:16:57

the companions of the Prophet SAW Salem, were trying their best to unite this traditionalists Abdullah bin stubborness followers, who had penetrated Ali's group, and were also in bustle, and other places as well wanted to instigate confusion. They wanted to maintain this confusion in order to protect themselves because if light came, if their killers came to the surface, then they would be executed. And so they continued the fitna and the confusion as much as they could. And it turned out that the major battle of the jungle of the camel, were Ayesha and tollhouse Zubair, we're involved against Ali, that was quickly put down, I Isha was sent back. And Ali showed that when

00:16:57--> 00:17:39

there's a fitna like this, when there's two sides of Muslims, who are fighting each other, both are making he had, that as soon as peace comes, give them peace, and you do not deal with them, like a brazen enemy, who you would take captive and their properties and whatnot. No, it's a completely different situation here because it was a fitna, it was a misunderstanding, a trial and tribulation that took place. This was then followed by Safin. And this is the major battle between Ali and Malia, in which over 70,000 companions, and Tabin 70,000 died.

00:17:40--> 00:17:48

Now, there were many people, of course, who had recently embraced Islam in Syria and Iraq. They were not Sahaba.

00:17:50--> 00:17:55

They were what you could call a tabby, and then later on the chil Tabby, Tabby,

00:17:56--> 00:18:14

and they had not necessarily taken in the deen. But they were Allegiant to their group. And so this is where the two factions were there. The factions as we understood, mediated, and came to a standstill, that caused confusion.

00:18:15--> 00:18:23

And the cry now hochma Ilala lab, that the rules should be for Allah subhanaw taala

00:18:24--> 00:18:26

was being spread throughout the land.

00:18:28--> 00:18:41

It was a stalemate. And because of this, and the trauma and the total peace of bliss, the deception coming in again, a group of Ali's followers were tricked and deceived into turning against the Khalifa.

00:18:42--> 00:19:02

Even though this group that we know as alcohol rich, that they would actually be extremely pious in terms of rituals. And as we learned in tradition, their prayer would be amazing. They would like look down upon the rest of the Muslims for their prayers.

00:19:03--> 00:19:30

They were their eyes would be read their foreheads would be calloused for making prostration, but they would leave the religion like an arrow passes through the bow, like beads falling off a string, and they would do bizarre type of strange things. And they would be the dogs of the people of Jahannam of hell a terrible situation to be in. And so

00:19:32--> 00:19:33

the high wattage then made a plan.

00:19:35--> 00:19:59

Even though the bulk of their group was killed in a major battle r1 by Ali Rhodiola. One, they decided to kill the Khalifa, and to kill Mahalia and to kill him over the last three major key people in the political situation that was going on. They sent out assassins. The only one that was successful is the assassin that killed Ali.

00:20:00--> 00:20:17

Reading allowance. And when Ali was on his deathbed was a few days before the poison, reached his body, he was stabbed. When Ali was near the end of his life, he was still giving advice, and especially to his sons and Hassan Al Hussein.

00:20:19--> 00:20:29

And he's his close family. He gave them advice to fear Allah subhanaw taala gave them advice to establish justice

00:20:30--> 00:20:51

and specific advice that the killer who was caught, he should be executed, but no mutilation, no widespread killing, remember the trauma with earth men. So he did not want that to come about what to happen. But Justice An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.

00:20:52--> 00:20:56

And especially he focused on Al Hassan, brother law one.

00:20:57--> 00:21:09

And he was reported to have said earlier that this my son, Hassan is a say it and perhaps Allah would

00:21:10--> 00:21:17

bring about peace between two believing sides through my son.

00:21:18--> 00:21:19

And so he predicted

00:21:21--> 00:21:24

that this boy, Al Hassan,

00:21:26--> 00:22:06

that what he would actually be able to do, and Allah subhanaw taala brought this forth. And so when Ali was on his deathbed, they came to him and they said, Al Hasan, should we take him as the Khalifa? That's the natural feeling, because this is his most prominent son. And he said, I don't say yes, and I don't say no. So he left it to Shura. And this is really important. And this is the difference between literally a Khilafah or when a milk and a kingdom, when it becomes an inheritance, and a family affair. And

00:22:07--> 00:23:01

Ollie Ali passes away Rhodiola one, this is the great Khalifa, who ruled for about six months or so, and who died at the age of 63. And so many great achievements that he made, may Allah be pleased with him always. He is a person that all of the Muslims love, regardless of what sect you are, or what group, he has a very high position in our hearts, in our beliefs, back to the scene. While we are now once the word is out that Ali has passed his armies there. And so preparations are made now to then attack back into Iraq, to defeat and Hassan and what is left of the troops. And as they are about to come together. Al Hassan then negotiates and he

00:23:02--> 00:23:40

makes a negotiation with moutier that he would give him legitimately the Khilafah. But based upon three conditions, the first condition is that there would be peace in the land, no more fighting. So there will be no more killing amongst the Muslims. The second is that the wealth that was collected in Ali's time in the battle man that he would have the right to distribute this to the poor. So would not become any type of you know, state or NEMA or anything, you know plant no

00:23:41--> 00:23:49

is distributed to the poor. And thirdly, if my Alia dies, then the falafel would go back to Al Hassan.

00:23:51--> 00:23:55

And so, this is agreed upon. And

00:23:57--> 00:24:28

AlHassan then fulfills the great prediction that was made. And that year was an amazing year, because that was the year when the fitna and it it is called allemaal Jama. It is the year of the Jamaat of the unity of the United Bali body. There was no more fighting between the groups and Allah Hussain Al Hassan

00:24:30--> 00:24:36

made the conditions and he then retired to Almudena

00:24:38--> 00:24:46

and great companion fitna has now ended. The Khalifa is Malia.

00:24:47--> 00:24:59

And this is an important point because based upon what had happened, he was given legitimate rule. So this is not a coup d'etat. He did not kill

00:25:00--> 00:25:09

Hassan and CS power. Al Hassan gave him this, even though he had an army, even though he could fight to bring about peace.

00:25:10--> 00:25:18

The authority was given to Malia. And so based upon that, the majority of the companions actually agreed.

00:25:19--> 00:25:24

Now, who was Malia ibn Abi Sophia, read the law one.

00:25:25--> 00:26:01

Hobby Jaleel. He was a great companion of the Prophet Sal Salman was his brother in law, who was also capital ye. He was one of the scribes of the revelation. And this you see that right that early writing. So he was one of the 20 or so people was writing things down. And to be a scribe of the revelation is an important position because you're right there, when the revelation is coming down. And you have to have the trust of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. And will how he was known as a person of wisdom, a balanced person.

00:26:03--> 00:26:24

And to the point where Omar bin Hotstar rhodiola, one, realizing his strength, appointed him as the governor of Damascus of blood a sham. And this is one of the important points, it's the opening to the Roman side. And so he gets fixed in this area, and from the philosophy of OMA

00:26:25--> 00:26:29

right through, he is the leader in Syria,

00:26:30--> 00:27:06

going through and so he is a solid foundation. And what he succeeds in doing is some major achievements. Now Maui Of course, and one of the problems we face that many Cirrus many stories of the companions of the Prophet SAW Salem, many times they were made and developed in the Ambassade period. So this is after the Romanians. And as you may know, the baskets, Fatah maids, and so on, generally speaking, you find that many writers

00:27:07--> 00:27:12

tend to demonize Malia to the point of slander.

00:27:13--> 00:27:21

And but the balance scholars, the majority of other Sunda Jamaah tried to take a balanced position relative to Malia.

00:27:22--> 00:27:54

He made some mistakes. And of course, his first major mistake was to get into a fight with the Khalifa. So this is wrong, even though you have people on your side. Even though you have a strong opinion. This is wrong. You don't go to war. With the Khalifa. It's a fitna, there's no doubt about it. And then when you see that Amara vinyasa, by the law, one who the prophets said would be killed by the oppressive side was killed, you should stop.

00:27:55--> 00:28:52

This is a major mistake and a flaw within his character, on a good side, to balance things that when Mauricio took over, he did not punish any of the people, the family of the Prophet SAW Salem, he did not. He tried to bring about order. And he succeeded in taken that energy that was there in the Muslim world, for to fight each other. That's fitna energy and to train that energy, where it should go. And so the dour, the jihad, straight, you know, calling to Allah subhanaw taala standing up against good, forbidding standing, standing, excuse me forbidding evil and calling to the good and I'm gonna build my roof. We're not here Mancha. Okay, that's the basis of jihad is not holy war.

00:28:52--> 00:29:31

There is no holy war. And if anybody can find a verse, or Hadith that where the word jihad is translated as holy war, then you know, I'll send you $1,000 us because Harben Look at this. This is not what Jihad actually is. Okay? It's the struggle against evil things he revived. And so that the forces of Islam were now sent in different directions. armies were sent to Constantinople. This is the present day Istanbul, to Egypt, right across North Africa. I'm a liberal last.

00:29:32--> 00:29:59

They went across Akbar Ibn mafia, rather low and right across North Africa. They went armies all the way to Bukhara. So now it is entering into the area of Turkistan. And going up my what Ohana the major Oxus river. They are going up there they are in the Sindh area now present day Pakistan they are going to hold a son and to these areas they're they're making major movements now for the city.

00:30:00--> 00:30:38

Read and the the protection of Islam and Muslims. Also my Alia focuses on education. And so scholars are encouraged, but dresses are encouraged, the unity is there. And so he is making some major achievements. He even builds naval basis in the Mediterranean. And for the first time, a Muslim Navy is developed and major enemy bases like in 70 LEAH in Sicily, are actually taken over by the Muslims. And then they looked at Constantinople,

00:30:39--> 00:31:06

the Prophet peace be upon him, had said in authentic hadith that you will open up Constantinople, and it will be such a great army, it will be such a great leader. And Muslims wanted to be part of this. And even to the point where a tradition is saying that the first armies that go forth toward this this base of evil, that they would be malformed and that their sins would be forgiven.

00:31:07--> 00:31:20

And so he sent out an army, which was led by his son Yazeed by the way, for those of you who know Yazeed he was the leader of the Army, and so great Sahaba were in that army itself.

00:31:21--> 00:32:01

And probably one of the most prominent of the companions in it to became famous was Abu iubat Ansari, rhodiola. One and oppo Are you are you was the neighbor of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. He was the one whose house the Prophet SAW Salem landed at first, he let us Campbell stop. And it stopped at the house of Abu great companion, always struggling in the path of Allah. And to the point where he said that, you know, if I die, let my body be buried near the walls of Constantinople. And in this picture, you see,

00:32:02--> 00:32:13

present a picture of Istanbul, that wall was so strong, it was so fortified that there are sections of it, as you can see, that are still there up until today.

00:32:14--> 00:33:08

And they were not able to get in sha Allah, their sins were forgiven. And the Muslims were told to when when our boy you died to put on heavy armor, and go forward, come as close as you can to the wall and then bury him. And so he was buried her that hamdulillah his grave is still known up until today. And it is a major point in Istanbul, itself. And so these are some of the achievements, the exploits that are happening under Mao. Yeah. So so somebody who was painting a picture of this complete evil, this monster who was taking over and destroying, they're not being honest, when we know he had false, but there were also positive points. Now, during his reign, about approximately

00:33:08--> 00:33:37

six or seven years into the Reign, Al Hasan dies really loud. And there are ports that are saying that he was poisoned, he had some drink, and there was poisoned in this drink. The slander goes out against Malia that he poisoned him in order to consolidate his rule. But that doesn't make sense, because AlHassan gave him the rule. And he had retired to Medina. So that doesn't make sense. And the reports are not actually authenticated.

00:33:38--> 00:33:57

He was poisoned. It never revealed what actually happened. But it happened. So now, according to the conditions, you remember the three conditions. The third condition is that if Maui had dies, it goes to Al Hassan, Al Hassan has now passed away.

00:33:59--> 00:34:49

And so while he then looks around for somebody to deal with his room, and he looked, unfortunately, at his son, he has eat, and Yazeed. Eventually, word was sent around to the different areas. There were people who disagreed. But the majority of the companions actually accepted Yazeed when Mahalia appointed him as his Khalifa, before he passed away. This we can say, is probably the second major mistake that Mahalia made, because by doing this, the Khilafah now is completely turning into a kingdom.

00:34:50--> 00:34:52

And so therefore,

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

it's a major mistake, but the Companions realize that Mario

00:35:00--> 00:35:34

was chosen legitimately. And in order not to go back into this fitna this trauma that they had been involved in. They accepted it. There were some people who were reluctant. There were some who did not agree with this. And the major contenders five major contenders. In this of course, there were people in the rank and file but you can say in the leadership, the prominent names was Al Hussein Ibn Ali. So this is her son's brother. Okay, the great

00:35:35--> 00:35:41

grandson of the Prophet SAW Salem and Hussein Rhodiola. One Abdulahi Eben aroma.

00:35:42--> 00:35:45

Another major press member his father was Khalifa before right.

00:35:47--> 00:35:49

But he also disagreed with ezeep

00:35:50--> 00:35:52

Abdullah he Eben Zubair

00:35:53--> 00:35:56

remember Zubair, a warm

00:35:57--> 00:36:27

he is one of the 10 people promised paradise. And this is his son, Abdulahi great companion, Abdullah bin abbess, the son of the the the son of the uncle of the Prophet SAW Selim, one of the five above the line hubs, the Famous Five of the lies, and also Abdul Rahman Ibn Abu Bakar. So these are prominent people, two of them, or three of them who actually coming from Khalifa 's.

00:36:28--> 00:36:33

And they're in contention with Yazeed. And

00:36:35--> 00:37:06

and so the word goes out. The Romanians want to consolidate their rule, and they send their forces the leaders to get the BR. And as they come into the area of Medina, to get the bay out from the people, Allah Hussain and Abdullah bin Zubia. They are refusing to do this. So they leave Medina and they go to Mecca, Abdullah bin Omar and oblige, and you are best for the law on Hoonah. They made the pledge.

00:37:07--> 00:37:22

And so you can see there are different opinions, it still hasn't broken out into a major war. But there are different opinions as to what to do in terms of Yazeed. himself and

00:37:23--> 00:37:24

the Yazeed

00:37:26--> 00:37:27

as an individual,

00:37:29--> 00:37:32

there are different opinions, you know, concerning zt.

00:37:34--> 00:37:35

The first two are extremes.

00:37:36--> 00:37:57

There are some who write about Yazeed. And that's probably the majority because of the later Ambassade writing and the sheer writing. The majority look at him, they say he's this. He's a carfare or he's a monastic, he's a degenerate. Some will say that he is he used to drink alcohol for under K do all kinds of things

00:37:59--> 00:38:47

demonize him as much as Paul that's one extreme. There's another extreme, which is in the in the area of Syria. So this is the, the the supporters of the Romanians and the people who had supported Malia, they say he's a righteous man. And all these things about him are wrong. But the third position, which is a position of the majority of the scholars of the ALLAH SubhanA wa Jomar is that he is not coffee. You cannot use those those terms. He did some good things, and he did some evil things. Okay, so there's different phases and things in his life. Remember, he was the leader of the Army, trying to open up Constantinople, and he had done good things, but his major evil, as we'll

00:38:47--> 00:39:04

see, is in the killing of Al Hussein radiola one, and this is the majority of the scholars who look at him as that but they do not curse him and say he was Kafir. He is a person who has made major mistakes

00:39:06--> 00:39:39

in his life. Now, back to the scene itself. Al Hussein and Abdullah bin has Zubair in the area of Mecca. And the word comes from Kufa. Now remember Kufa and busta are the two major cities in Iraq. These are famous cities famous for scholars, famous for history, famous for turbulent politics, and the people of Kufa especially, this is an area that has a very strange type of history.

00:39:40--> 00:39:52

That's positive and that is negative. But the people from Kufa now send letters to her sane saying they reject Yazeed and they're willing to support him.

00:39:53--> 00:39:58

So he's saying then sends his relative most Muslim even keel

00:40:00--> 00:41:00

He sends him to check the validity of the people of Kufa and he comes into Kufa but when Yazeed hears about this rebellion going on there in Kufa, he sends one of his most ruthless generals obeyed obey the law Ibn Xia and obey the law then comes in and basically crushes the rebellion. Muslim enters the town and he gets a number of people on the side. Some reports around 12,000 We're ready to support. And then when Obaidullah comes in with this ruthless force, the number goes down to 5000. The number goes down to to 200. And then suddenly, within a couple of days, there's nobody and Muslim is alone, and he is killed. Hussein is unaware of this. And he is making his way toward Kufa.

00:41:01--> 00:41:57

He's being given advice by the Companions don't do it. You can't trust the people in this area. Stay within the Hedgehog, especially the Meccan area, because there's solid support in the area of Mecca. Don't go. But being a very strong person, a strong believer and firmly believing that Yazeed should not be the one who rules the Muslim world. He goes forward and he brings his family with him and many of the members of his extended family. And so he heads toward the area of Iraq, where it is coming to Yazzie. And he has he then dispatches Omar Eben Sadie, but ABI Waqqas and this is the son of cider but I'll be what costs were the last one who was one of the 10 people promised paradise. So

00:41:57--> 00:41:59

his son is now leading the army

00:42:01--> 00:42:03

that goes toward

00:42:04--> 00:42:27

the area of Kufa. He was in a northerly expedition, and he's told now to come back down and to deal with this struggle that is about to unfold. Hello Hussein Rhodiola when it's too late. By the time he reaches in the outskirts of Kufa, he realizes the coffins have changed up on him.

00:42:28--> 00:42:48

They were once on a side and they're against. It's a fickle minded people. Like you see it in sports, that one time they're against you the next time. They're for you. When they're for you. You're the you're the hero. When they're against you, you're in the dumps. This is fickle. So the cufon people are fickle minded people. And

00:42:50--> 00:43:07

Al Hussein is left with his family. But sad but but Omar even sad. He has some Taqwa. And he has some respect for that was saying. And it is said that when his armies is surrounding Al Hussein, when it's time for prayer,

00:43:08--> 00:43:10

they would some of the soldiers would actually pray behind the Hussein.

00:43:12--> 00:43:13

It's a strange situation.

00:43:14--> 00:43:19

And he is overruled by Ibn Ziad

00:43:20--> 00:43:35

and Ibn Ziad then comes in and rules out any means of compromise, because Al Hussein in his negotiation is saying, Okay,

00:43:36--> 00:43:45

I'll go to our retreat. I'm just with my family and there's only about 145 men that are with him to fight.

00:43:46--> 00:43:47

And with my family

00:43:49--> 00:43:52

I'll visit I'll go to Yazeed myself

00:43:54--> 00:44:00

or I'll just return to his Yes. Or I'll just do Dawa let me go do dour and jihad.

00:44:01--> 00:44:15

But I'm not going to submit you don't I'm not going to submit to obey the law and this oppression but I will I will compromise this Eben Ziad has evil in his mind he refuses it

00:44:16--> 00:44:25

and breaks down the dialogue and I'll Hussein brother law one it's 4000 versus 145

00:44:27--> 00:44:47

Oh my been sad is pushed to the side. So he is not in the leadership of this terrible situation. And a person by the name of Shama even the Joshin you know wicked you know, person then kills we're saying

00:44:48--> 00:44:59

72 people were killed from the family of Hussein. Imagine this 72 of Ahlulbayt that are killed. Hussein is killed and decapitated and his head is

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

then sent

00:45:01--> 00:45:16

to your zt. And this is a terrible situation that happens. Now, what we understand is that when this brutality happens,

00:45:17--> 00:45:18

that

00:45:19--> 00:45:23

Yazeed actually is not joyous about this.

00:45:24--> 00:46:19

And he said, I did not want this I only wanted you to, to capture him and just to control him. So he's not involved in this rebellion. And but it is there. And so reports from the Allah sunnah show us that he actually sent the head back to the family. And they were buried in the area of the massacre, which is called Cata Bella. And so, this is a very famous area today, which is known as carrabba. And you will see practices that are happening and the Iraqis now the people of Kufa, who once said, 12,000 even more, they would support Allah Hussein, where were they? So in a sense, that part of the reason why he got killed and his family and so grief strikes them. And so they grieve,

00:46:20--> 00:46:47

grieve and they go to the area of Caterpillar, they want to lock themselves up in this area, the bodies are buried down in this area, and that the the terroir, Boone, they are called, and they are striking themselves and carrying on and crying and trying to make Toba and extreme practices are developing in this area, for the toe bone. And so,

00:46:48--> 00:47:13

we can see what starts to develop now, in this extreme situation that is there. And that is because of this toa Boone people that you now see in what is called the Ashura celebration that is practiced by the sheer people haven't, right the 10 days and Moharram leading up into the 10th of Muharram, the Tasya

00:47:14--> 00:47:27

and the practices that they do, in some extreme cases, they even like cut their heads and then they beat their heads and they beat their bodies until blood is pouring all over them. And with this strange understanding that

00:47:28--> 00:48:16

the more blood that they spill, is, the more blessings they get and and their Toba you can be accepted. This is not sunnah. This is not the way of the Prophet Muhammad, Salah Salem, not the way of his companions is extreme group of tau Boone, who developed this. And you know, it's even similar to the Christian group, Opus dies, who believe that in order to gain repentance, they beat themselves, they look at a woman rather take out they beat themselves because they looked at a woman or whatever sin that they make. This is an extreme practice has nothing to do with Islam. But somehow innocent people are coming into Islam, not realizing what is actually Islam or what is not

00:48:16--> 00:49:06

Islam. And they are told no this Sunni people and this Shia people, as though there are two equal groups that have equal practices. When you go into the history, you will understand that amongst the companions of the Prophet SAW Salem, what was happening, there was none of these practices were developed. None of it is from the Sunnah. And the Prophet SAW Salem actually said very clearly. La da da, da da da do not harm other people don't harm yourself. Self flagellation is not an Islamic way. Okay, so these are the people of Kufa. It's a it's a center of contradictions. Yes, the coup friends can claim solder BWI cos, Abu Musa lashari, Holly, the lawyer Massoud Sandman and Pharisee.

00:49:06--> 00:49:55

Amara vinyasa who de familia man, so many companions were in the area of Coover itself. Ali mated this capital, the great jurists, Abu Hanifa, the great Hanafi school that was that's his city. Say he live in Juba, Ibrahim and Nafi Hamad ibn Abi Suleiman these are all great jurists that's their area. So this is a great area. Coup fix script when you're writing Arabic Kufic script is developed there, your your transliteration or your diacritical marks your shed down your Fatah, your sukoon. Much of these improvements to the Arabic language is developed in the area of Kufa.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

So this is an extremely important area

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

You will not necessarily see Kufa on the map today.

00:50:05--> 00:50:34

You will see Najaf Now Jeff is the area where Ali was buried and that Kufa now is a section within that area but you won't see it, how it was before of course Baghdad is there and you know, other major cities, you know, in Iraq, but when Islam spread there Buster and Kufa were two major cities that were there at the time. Okay. So, what is developing here? And this is important to understand

00:50:35--> 00:50:36

there is

00:50:37--> 00:50:39

pollution political Shiism,

00:50:40--> 00:50:42

and there is theological Shias.

00:50:43--> 00:50:45

What is the difference between the two

00:50:47--> 00:50:48

political Shiism

00:50:49--> 00:51:00

is remember the two groups Shia to Ali and Shia tomo Alia. So, these are the two groups that are struggling with each other

00:51:01--> 00:51:03

when Ali is assassinated.

00:53:14--> 00:53:16

Okay, so, people are back online.

00:53:18--> 00:53:18

It just

00:53:21--> 00:53:26

okay. So as we continue with our discussion,

00:53:27--> 00:53:28

political

00:53:29--> 00:53:39

Shiism versus theological she is. And this is a very important point to understand, because many times when there are debates

00:53:40--> 00:53:49

between Sunni and Shia, or there's misunderstandings of the Shia, and that the first discussion that will come up is concerning political Shiism.

00:53:52--> 00:54:05

And that is via the rule of alley Rhodiola. One and the oppressive things that happened to his family. Okay. And so,

00:54:06--> 00:54:28

we opposition to the oppressive part of the remade rule, especially with Yazeed. That continued, it continued in Iraq, and it continued in Mecca because remember, the two major forces, one was always sane, and the other was abdulai. Even a Zubia. So we're saying is now

00:54:29--> 00:54:33

Shaheed Abdullah ibn Zubair is still there in Mecca.

00:54:34--> 00:54:38

And so that's prolate. That is literally

00:54:39--> 00:55:00

the supporters of Ali against the Romanians, you could say that's political Shiism, theological Shiism. This is the extreme elements that are coming from Kufa and the and the areas. Now different people are involved in this and foremost

00:55:01--> 00:55:52

Persian leaders Sassanid dynasty remember the Senate's who were ruling Persian, they had gone up into Turkistan, Ma, the Oxus. Now they're coming back. They want to seize power back. They want Persian aristocrats to come back into authority. There is also Abdullah bin Saba, and the different conspirators who are actually there, then they are people of occult. They are the different strange magical groups that are there in Iraq. Remember, magic first entered on the world scene in Babylon. Babel, as the Quran tells us. And so there's all types of things happening. And so there's a difference between the two. Now, for many people today, they're sort of mixed up and confused. But

00:55:52--> 00:56:25

in order for us to understand what it really is, and to explain it for the innocent people, grass roots people who are Shia, who might not understand some of the theological differences between the groups these these are people who they may have felt Yes, Ali should have been the leader here we would have preferred him however they're not cursing companion they do not believe the Quran is incomplete or any other strange, you know, type of beliefs that will, you know, talk about later.

00:56:26--> 00:56:40

And, but there's a difference between them and the ones who are bringing in these different ideologies. Okay, so political Shiism, versus theological Shiism,

00:56:41--> 00:56:57

and we'll go into deeper inshallah into the theological Shiism, you start to see it developed, where it's actually a same group, but you know, what's strange for a lot of people up until now, with all these things going on.

00:56:59--> 00:57:02

Be Korea of the Muslims is basically the same

00:57:03--> 00:57:22

belief of the Muslim is the same. It's called sunnah. Remember, within the Sunnah, there's different ways to pray you come up from record, you raise your hand, you don't raise your head in the Maliki school of thought you even pray with your hands at the site. There are some reports of praying with the hands at the site. So even to do that is within the Sunnah.

00:57:23--> 00:58:08

Oh, there was no discussion and it is reported that Imam Malik are the great Imam of Guerrero Hegira he was a close friend of Imam Jaffa sodic. May Allah be pleased with them both, who was one of the great Imams of the Shia. They lived in Medina together and they were close companions. So it's not like two groups, you're Sunni and Shia? No, none of that existed. They were all following the Quran, following the way of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, the way of the companions the way of the tablet in, right, and now there's some room for your HD had your decisions, but they're all basically the same. There's no major difference. And that is crucial

00:58:09--> 00:58:17

in understanding the roots that are the difference between political Shiism and theological seus. It is later

00:58:18--> 00:58:48

that the illegal ideas of Ibn Saba over a grand dicing Alia we're going to go more into this next class Inshallah, where you actually see a theological thing coming in, where the Shia person can actually seem different than the Sunday person. But in those days, there is no difference. It is only who you were supporting, in terms of leadership. Now, in conclusion for this week, remember abdulai Even as aware,

00:58:49--> 00:58:53

this is also an opposition to Yazeed.

00:58:54--> 00:59:00

And people, many historians overlook him completely. He's a very important person.

00:59:01--> 00:59:04

He is the son of a Zubair Abel awam.

00:59:06--> 00:59:55

He is a great companion. He is famous for three things. He's extremely courageous from when he was a young boy, he was always playing with the sword, always with the sword. And so he was a amazing fighter. And when they attacked with men, he was one of the companions who defended with men. And when that when the Sedition is saw him, they ran the other way. So he was courageous. He was extremely pious. He would be praying at times, nobody could pray. And he was eloquent. So he was a great leader, and he went to Mecca, and he announced bear, he announced the pledge, and he rallied the troops and people around him and he took the bait as Khalifa.

00:59:57--> 00:59:59

He was supported by most of Arabia.

01:00:00--> 01:00:48

Iraq, Yemen, Egypt Corizon, which is now Afghanistan. He was getting support for a big section of the Muslim world. Even some opposition forces what left to the high wattage, they even decided to support him. And he's there ruling in Mecca is there like 20 years. I mean, it's not, it's it's a major opposition that is there to show the people to not lay over and die on the witches eat. That, that there was a struggle that was going on against that. And this is different than what you would read in some of the doctored books or texts, that has just slandering the Romanians, and putting down the Sahaba, as though they were all weak minded people. And so, this is how we are left

01:00:49--> 01:01:12

the tragedy of the killing of Al Hussein Rhodiola one, it is a terrible thing. And it hurts the heart of any Muslim should bring tears to the, to the eyes of any believer to to see the eyelid bait, you know, killed like this, and injustice. But we have to remember that those who die in the path of Allah, their agenda,

01:01:13--> 01:01:49

we have the ones that should be crying on Earth, we have shaytaan around us tell bees deception doing these things. They're in paradise. So once you have mourn for three days, there's no need to beat yourself every year. And to be crying all the time, you should be smiling for the Shahada. And that is the difference. Because the Prophet SAW Selim when he established are shorter, remember, it was a celebration. We fast it? Yes, like the yahood remember when they came to Medina, because of Musa escaping the federal loan.

01:01:50--> 01:01:59

So the problem solving faster and faster the next day. So all this beating and crying and weeping, nothing to do with the Sunda

01:02:00--> 01:02:22

so that should be clear to the new Muslims. That should be clear to people who have confusion in their mind that what you may hear about cursing of the companions, the Quran is not complete. And we're gonna we're going to talk later on about some of the differences that has nothing to do with the original sunnah and the way of the companions. But remember,

01:02:23--> 01:02:41

that the Prophet Sal Sutherland said very clearly, that those of you who live after me, you will see if they laugh and cathedra you will see great differences. While they can be Sunday, it was Sunday to qualify Rashidi stick to my sunnah.

01:02:42--> 01:03:24

And the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided caliphs bite onto it, hold tight to it. These are the words of the Prophet SAW Salem, it's got to happen. And so we hang on tightly to the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW Salem. And we need to try not to be involved in isms and schisms, and the different groupings, but pray for the people. Because many of the people who are involved in some of these schismatic groups that we will be looking at, they're innocent people. And in the case of the Shia, many other people are more political Shia, in the sense that they see injustice, but not theological shear.

01:03:25--> 01:03:26

So I leave you with these thoughts.

01:03:28--> 01:03:38

asking Allah subhanaw taala to make things clear for us, and to separate the truth from falsehood, and light from darkness.

01:03:39--> 01:04:23

I leave you with these thoughts, or aka that 100 lie or below enemy. Now, in conclusion, now, we want to add on another section to our evening. And that is any q&a Because I'm covering a lot of information. A lot of ground is a lot of different names. And there may be some concepts that may be misunderstood, I may make some mistakes. So it's important to ask questions because I'm condensing a lot of information and you will not find this in many texts. I got even a Josie and you find it. You go to allow some middle capacity of cardio Ibaka even r&b

01:04:24--> 01:04:30

you will see check below Phillips who translated some of Toby's bliss.

01:04:31--> 01:04:36

The Devil's deception of the Shia, you will find some texts are there.

01:04:38--> 01:04:53

But not so clear. So I want to open up the floor for any questions. If there may be put it in the chat. And then we'll we'll try to feel these questions and then try to answer them. The floor is open. So we have one question.

01:04:56--> 01:04:56

She says

01:04:57--> 01:04:59

I have one question. Where did the

01:05:00--> 01:05:01

idea of shear is one group

01:05:07--> 01:05:08

I have not considered

01:05:10--> 01:05:40

themselves as from different groups of thought. Yes that the Shia, like we say in the beginning, it was only the group that was supporting the followers of Ali. And then later on, you will see that the what they call the moms like jofra sodic Zainul RBD Alexander labin you know people like this Musa al Kadhim. They are the leader of the debate of the family.

01:05:41--> 01:06:26

That is not a sect it is not necessarily a group. It is later on when the theological Shiism starts to creep in, and I'll cover that more next week. But still, it remains a small group, and it's mainly in the area of Iraq, Syria, it starts to go off in small pockets now that it is not until and I'll go over this in the future, Inshallah, around the 16th century, in a group called the Safavids. And this is a group in present day Iran, and the leader who was a Turkmen who accepted Shiism and he made she has some the state religion of the area of Persia, now known as Iran.

01:06:27--> 01:06:30

That area is actually a Sunni area. Because

01:06:32--> 01:07:01

Bukhari Muslim, tell me the bunny Marja Abu down most of the major scholars of Hadith that we know came from this area. So they were so nice. And still in the in the north of Iran, is the Turco the Turk area, the Sunni areas in the north of Iran. But the Safavids were the ones who made it the state religion, that's the first time it becomes a state. Before that. It is just underground movements,

01:07:02--> 01:07:51

and different groupings that are there. We'll look at how it spreads out. But it is not till around the 16th century or so that it really becomes a state religion. There are some splinter groups before I want to bring it out to you. What we're dealing with today is now a modern day narrative, which is driven by the mass media, secular media, people orientalists people who want to divide Muslims up, they're paid to divide us up. And so they make it seem like this is a sect and the other is a sect, the Sunni sect and the shia sect. This is not our terminology. We are the Alexandre was Jamar. And if somebody wants to break away or into a group, they break away into a group, but this

01:07:51--> 01:08:00

is the overwhelming majority up until today, somewhere around 85 to 90% of the Muslim world up until today is the Alison

01:08:01--> 01:08:15

Okay, so it's not until much later that the word is used. Of course today it's propagated as though it is to equal groups. But that is a major mistake. That's not a reality on the ground. It's something pumped up by the mass media

01:08:21--> 01:08:22

he says

01:08:29--> 01:08:32

okay, this is a very good question. I'm not really a Mufti.

01:08:33--> 01:08:35

You know, to really be able to answer this, but

01:08:37--> 01:08:38

I did visit or men.

01:08:39--> 01:08:46

And I spent some time amongst the people. And there are different forms in their group.

01:08:47--> 01:08:56

There is the hardcore Ibadis who, whose Imam they still have any mom lives in a place called Nizwa.

01:08:57--> 01:09:13

So these are the hardcore ones. And they would probably not even want you to pray behind them. Okay. But then you have the new school of the Abadia. And they do not consider the Sunni Muslims to be curvier.

01:09:15--> 01:09:41

They use the terminology I met multicultural, who was the grand mufti of oh, man, I met him actually. And so they say Cofer namah they say that it was you know, we we disbelieved in some of the blessings that Allah gave us. It's not full disbelief is like a little sin that we make. Now. I want to show you an example I was traveling and oh man, we left Nizwa and we were on our way back to Moscow. And we tried to catch Juma prayers.

01:09:42--> 01:09:52

And so we are right at the end of the Juma prayer, and the Imam when he did the last section of the HIPAA.

01:09:53--> 01:09:57

He did Thana or praise for the whole of our Rashidi.

01:09:58--> 01:10:00

Okay, so,

01:10:00--> 01:10:06

That's not a hard core there. So he prays the holofoil Rashidi, and then at the same time

01:10:07--> 01:10:49

when they prayed, many of them had their hands on the site. That's the body way of praying. So so so the Shafi school many of the zanzibaris and Omanis, who lived in East Africa, returned to Oman. And so there's a lot of Shafi thought that is there. There are straight up Shafi masjids so I'm not a Mufti. And so it is permissible amongst the the the the Shafi or the bodies, you know, who are, you know, in this new moderate school? If it's the hardline ones, that that would be different, they probably wouldn't even want you to pray behind them. But really, you know, for your final answer, you have to go to a Mufti for that. Allahu Allah

01:10:55--> 01:10:56

tell us about

01:11:03--> 01:11:54

Yeah. Okay. The question is, can you tell me about the hazard Hadith ma to ridi, Ashari. and whatnot, I mean, these are groupings, the, these are groupings based on aqidah the Aqeedah within Alexandre Wajima. So So all of these groups are within the Sunni area. And they are different ways of approaching Arpita within the Atlas Sanoma. Okay, and we may touch on it in the future, that's not really our discussion because they're not groups like how the shear is a group and Smiley's and ideologies, they're not groups like that. They just ideological breakups within the Sunni group. So they're actually within the certainty and maybe later on, we may touch on it, but we're looking at

01:11:54--> 01:12:01

the major schisms that happened that broke away, you know, with, from the Sunnah, from the Sunni groups.

01:12:02--> 01:12:29

The other Hadith would be people who say that they follow you know, the Hadith, or SRT, or now the word is you selfie, whatever, this is a whole nother discussion that needs, you know, a whole nother set of lectures to fully understand it, but just realize that these names are within the Sunnah, within the person, they are not names coming from the side of the Shia, or the high wattage or these other groups.

01:12:33--> 01:13:05

So Hamdulillah, I'm glad that you asked these questions. If you can't, if it comes to your mind, write it down, and next week, Inshallah, we can feel it, put it in the chat if you're connected with our Facebook page as well. Because it goes it's on Facebook as well. Then you can put into the chat on Facebook questions as well. Because, you know, we appreciate your questions. And, you know, we want to turn this more into a workshop. So it's not just a lecture, but but you can we can engage you on different levels. However, I will have to stay within

01:13:06--> 01:13:28

the area that I'm dealing with because this is a big area that I'm trying to condense inshallah and make it understandable for all of the Muslims on the ground. So I leave you with these thoughts and I ask Allah to have mercy on me. And you are aka that one. And Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh